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Hadith Table of Contents 

Hadith 2 

Volume 1 2 

Bk. 1: Revelation 2 

Bk. 2: Belief 9 

Bk. 3: Knowledge 22 

Bk. 4: Ablutions (Wudu ') 45 

Bk. 5: Bathing (Ghusl) 68 

Bk. 6: Menstrual Periods 77 

Bk. 7: Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum) 85 

Bk. 8: Prayers (Salat) 91 

Bk. 9: Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the 

Musalla) 122 

Bk. 10: Times of the Prayers 128 

Bk. 11 : Call to Prayers (Adhaan) 245 

Bk. 12: Characteristics of Prayer 172 

Volume 2 203 

Bk . 13 : Friday Prayer 203 

Bk. 14: Fear Prayer 21 6 

Bk. 15: The Two Festivals (Eids) 21 7 

Bk. 16: Witr Prayer 227 

Bk. 17: Invoking Allah for Rain (Istisqaa) 230 

Bk. 18: Eclipses 239 

Bk. 19: Prostration During Recital of Qur'an 24 7 

Bk. 20: Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) 249 

Bk. 21 : Prayer at Night (Tahajjud) 255 

Bk. 22: Actions while Praying 272 

Bk. 23: Funerals (Al-Janaa ' iz) 282 

Bk. 24: Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat) 322 

Bk. 25: Obligatory Charity Tax After Ramadaan 

(Zakat ul Fitr) 347 

Bk. 26: Pilgrimmage (Hajj) 348 



Hadith Table of Contents 

Volume 3 405 

Bk. 21 : Minor Pilgrammage (Umra) 405 

Bk. 28: Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the 

Pilgrimmage 424 

Bk. 29: Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimmage 417 

Bk. 30: Virtues of Madinah 428 

Bk . 31 : Fasting 433 

Bk. 32: Praying at Night in Ramadaan (Taraweeh) 457 

Bk. 33: Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of 

Allah (I'tikaf) 461 

Bk . 34 : Sales and Trade 466 

Bk. 35: Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to 

be Delivered Later (As-Salam) 504 

Bk . 36: Hiring 508 

Bk. 37: Trans ferance of a Debt from One Person to 

Another (Al-Hawaala) 515 

Bk. 38: Representation, Authorization, Business by 

Proxy 520 

Bk. 39: Agriculture 527 

Bk. 40: Distribution of Water 535 

Bk. 41: Loans, Payment of Loans, Freezing of 

Property, Bankruptcy 542 

Bk. 42: Lost Things Picked up by Someone (Luqaata) . . . . 552 

Bk . 43 : Oppressions 556 

Bk . 44 : Partnership 568 

Bk . 45 : Mortgaging 575 

Bk. 46: Manumission of Slaves 577 

Bk. 47: Gifts 587 

Bk . 48 : Witnesses 603 

Bk . 49: Peacemaking 621 

Bk . 50 : Conditions 628 

Volume 4 643 

Bk. 51 : Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa) 643 

Bk. 52: Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad) 653 



Hadith Table of Contents 

Bk. 53: One-fifth of Booty to the Cause of Allah 

(Khumus) 728 

Bk. 54 : Beginning of Creation 762 

Bk . 55 : Prophets 790 

Bk. 56: Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) 
and his Companions 829 

Volume 5 882 

Bk. 57; Companions of the Prophet 882 

Bk. 58: Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar) 918 

Bk. 59: Military Expeditions led by the Prophet 
(pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi) 973 

Volume 6 1137 

Bk. 60: Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an 

(Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh) ) 1137 

Bk. 61 : Virtues of the Qur 'an 1298 

Volume 7 1320 

Bk. 62: Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah) 1320 

Bk . 63 : Divorce 1368 

Bk. 64 : Supporting the Family 1392 

Bk . 65 : Food, Meals 1399 

Bk. 66: Sacrifice on Occasion of Birth (^Aqiqa) 1419 

Bk. 67: Hunting, Slaughtering 1421 

Bk. 68: Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi) 1436 

Bk. 69: Drinks 1443 

Bk. 70: Patients 2455 

Bk . 71 : Medicine 1464 

Bk . 72 : Dress 1485 

Volume 8 1521 

Bk. 73: Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab) 1521 

Bk. 74 : Asking Permission 1581 

Bk . 75 : Invocations 1 600 



Hadith Table of Contents 

Bk. 16: To make the Heart Tender (Ar-Riqaq) 1625 

Bk. 11: Divine Will (Al-Qadar) 1668 

Bk . 18 : Oaths and Vows 1 615 

Bk. 19: Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths 1694 

Bk. 80: Laws of Inheritance (Al-Faraa 'id) 1699 

Bk. 81: Limits and Punishments set by Allah 

(Hudood) 1 110 

Bk. 82: Punishment of Disbelievers at War with 

Allah and His Apostle 1116 

Volume 9 1 135 

Bk . 83 : Blood Money (Ad-Diyat) 1 135 

Bk. 84: Dealing with Apostates 1149 

Bk. 85: Saying Something under Compulsion (Ikraah) ... 1155 

Bk . 86: Tricks 1 158 

Bk. 81 : Interpretation of Dreams 1161 

Bk. 88: Afflictions and the End of the World 1185 

Bk. 89: Judgments (Ahkaam) 1804 

Bk. 90: Wishes 1821 

Bk. 91: Accepting Information Given by a Truthful 

Person 1832 

Bk. 92: Holding Fast to the Qur'an and Sunnah 1831 

Bk. 93: ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) 1865 



Hadith 



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Volume 1 



Bk. 1: Revelation 



1.1: 

Narrated ^Umar bin Al-Khattab: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 

"Deeds (their correctness and rewards) depend upon intentions, 

and every person gets but what he has intended. So whoever 

emigrated for worldly benefits, or for a woman to marry, his 

emigration is for what he emigrated for. " 

1.2: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

(the mother of the faithful believers) Al-Harith 
bin Hisham asked Allah's Apostle "O Allah's Apostle! How is 
the Divine Inspiration revealed to you?" Allah's Apostle 
replied, "Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a 
bell, this form of Inspiration is the hardest of all and then 
this state passes off after I have grasped what is inspired. 
Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me 
and I grasp what he says. " "Aisha added: Verily I saw the 
Prophet being inspired Divinely on a very cold day and noticed 
the sweat dropping from his forehead (as the Inspiration was 
over) . 
1.3: 
Narrated "Aisha : 

(the mother of the faithful believers) The commencement of the 
Divine Inspiration to Allah's Apostle was in the form of good 
dreams which came true like bright day light, and then the 
love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in 
seclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah 
alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his 
family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay 



and then come back to (his wife) Khadija to take his food 
likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him 
while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and 
asked him to read. The Prophet replied, "I do not know how to 
read. The Prophet added, "The angel caught me (forcefully) and 
pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then 
released me and again asked me to read and I replied, 'I do 
not know how to read. ' Thereupon he caught me again and 
pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He 
then released me and again asked me to read but again I 
replied, 'I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?' 
Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and 
then released me and said, 'Read in the name of your Lord, who 
has created (all that exists) has created man from a clot. 
Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous." (96.1, 96.2, 96.3) 
Then Allah's Apostle returned with the Inspiration and with 
his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint 
Khuwailid and said, "Cover me! Cover me!" They covered him 
till his fear was over and after that he told her everything 
that had happened and said, "I fear that something may happen 
to me. " Khadija replied, "Never! By Allah, Allah will never 
disgrace you. You keep good relations with your Kith and kin, 
help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously 
and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones. " Khadija 
then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad 
[??] bin "Abdul "Uzza, who, during the pre Islamic Period 
became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew 
letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as 
Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his 
eyesight. Khadija said to Waraqa, "Listen to the story of your 
nephew, O my cousin!" Waraqa asked, "O my nephew! What have 
you seen?" Allah's Apostle described whatever he had seen. 
Waraqa said, "This is the same one who keeps the secrets 
(angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I were 
young and could live up to the time when your people would 
turn you out. " Allah's Apostle asked, "Will they drive me 
out?" Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said, "Anyone 
(man) who came with something similar to what you have brought 



was treated with hostility; and if I should remain Alive till 
the day when you will be turned out then I would support you 
strongly. " But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine 
Inspiration was also paused for a while. Narrated Jabir bin 
"Abdullah Al-Ansari while talking about the period of pause in 
revelation reporting the speech of the Prophet "While I was 
walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the sky. I 
looked up and saw the same angel who had visited me at the 
cave of Hira ' sitting on a chair between the sky and the 
earth. I got afraid of him and came back home and said, 'Wrap 
me (in blankets) . ' And then Allah revealed the following Holy 
Verses (of Qur'an): 'O you (i.e. Muhammad)! wrapped up in 
garments!' Arise and warn (the people against Allah's 
Punishment),... up to 'and desert the idols. ' (74.1-5) After 
this the revelation started coming strongly, frequently and 
regularly . " 
1.4: 

Narrated Sa" id bin Jubair: Ibn " Abbas in the explanation of 
the Statement of Allah 'Move not your tongue concerning (the 
Qur'an) to make haste therewith (75.16) ' said "Allah's Apostle 
used to bear the revelation with great trouble and used to 
move his lips (quickly) with the Inspiration." Ibn "Abbas 
moved his lips saying, "I am moving my lips in front of you as 
Allah's Apostle used to move his. " Sa"id moved his lips 
saying: "I am moving my lips, as I saw Ibn "Abbas moving his. " 
Ibn "Abbas added, "So Allah revealed 'Move not your tongue 
concerning (the Qur'an) to make haste therewith. It is for us 
to collect it and to give you (O Muhammad) the ability to 
recite it (the Qur'an) (75 . 16-17) ' which means that Allah will 
make him (the Prophet ) remember the portion of the Qur'an 
which was revealed at that time by heart and recite it . The 
Statement of Allah: And 'When we have recited it to you (O 
Muhammad through Gabriel) then you follow its (Qur'an) 
recital' (75.18) means 'listen to it and be silent. ' Then it 
is for Us (Allah) to make It clear to you' (75.19) means 'Then 
it is (for Allah) to make you recite it (and its meaning will 
be clear by itself through your tongue). Afterwards, Allah's 
Apostle used to listen to Gabriel whenever he came and after 



his departure he used to recite it as Gabriel had recited It . " 
1.5: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Allah's Apostle was the most generous of 
all the people, and he used to reach the peak In generosity In 
the month of Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used to 
meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Qur'an. 
Allah's Apostle was the most generous person, even more 
generous than the strong uncontrollable wind (In readiness and 
haste to do charitable deeds) . 
1.6: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin s Abbas: Abu Sufyan bin Harb Informed me 
that Heracllus had sent a messenger to him while he had been 
accompanying a caravan from Quralsh. They were merchants doing 
business In Sham (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan) , at 
the time when Allah ' s Apostle had truce with Abu Sufyan and 
Quralsh Infidels . So Abu Sufyan and his companions went to 
Heracllus at Ilya (Jerusalem) . Heracllus called them In the 
court and he had all the senior Roman dignitaries around him. 
He called for his translator who, translating Heracllus ' 
question said to them, "Who amongst you Is closely related to 
that man who claims to be a Prophet?" Abu Sufyan replied, "I 
am the nearest relative to him (amongst the group) . Heracllus 
said, "Bring him (Abu Sufyan) close to me and make his 
companions stand behind him. " Abu Sufyan added, Heracllus told 
his translator to tell my companions that he wanted to put 
some questions to me regarding that man (The Prophet) and that 
If I told a lie they (my companions) should contradict me. " 
Abu Sufyan added, "By Allah! Had I not been afraid of my 
companions labeling me a liar, I would not have spoken the 
truth about the Prophet . The first question he asked me about 
him was: 'What Is his family status amongst you?' I replied, 

'He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us. ' Heracllus 
further asked, 'Has anybody amongst you ever claimed the same 

(I.e. to be a Prophet) before him?' I replied, 'No. ' 
He said, 'Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?' I 
replied, 'No. ' 

Heracllus asked, 'Do the nobles or the poor follow him? ' I 
replied, 'It Is the poor who follow him. ' He said, 'Are his 



followers increasing decreasing (day by day) ? ' I replied, 
'They are increasing. ' He then asked, 'Does anybody amongst 
those who embrace his religion become displeased and renounce 
the religion afterwards? ' I replied, 'No. ' 

Heraclius said, 'Have you ever accused him of telling lies 
before his claim (to be a Prophet)?' I replied, 'No. ' 
Heraclius said, 'Does he break his promises? ' I replied, 'No. 
We are at truce with him but we do not know what he will do in 
it.'I could not find opportunity to say anything against him 
except that. Heraclius asked, 'Have you ever had a war with 
him?' I replied, 'Yes. ' 

Then he said, 'What was the outcome of the battles? ' I 
replied, 'Sometimes he was victorious and sometimes we. ' 
Heraclius said, 'What does he order you to do?' I said, 'He 
tells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship 
anything along with Him, and to renounce all that our 
ancestors had said. He orders us to pray, to speak the truth, 
to be chaste and to keep good relations with our Kith and 
kin. ' Heraclius asked the translator to convey to me the 
following, I asked you about his family and your reply was 
that he belonged to a very noble family. In fact all the 
Apostles come from noble families amongst their respective 
peoples. I questioned you whether anybody else amongst you 
claimed such a thing, your reply was in the negative. If the 
answer had been in the affirmative , I would have thought that 
this man was following the previous man's statement. Then I 
asked you whether anyone of his ancestors was a king. Your 
reply was in the negative, and if it had been in the 
affirmative, I would have thought that this man wanted to take 
back his ancestral kingdom. I further asked whether he was 
ever accused of telling lies before he said what he said, and 
your reply was in the negative. So I wondered how a person who 
does not tell a lie about others could ever tell a lie about 
Allah. I, then asked you whether the rich people followed him 
or the poor. You replied that it was the poor who followed 
him. And in fact all the Apostle have been followed by this 
very class of people. Then I asked you whether his followers 
were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were 



increasing, and in fact this is the way of true faith, till it 
is complete in all respects . I further asked you whether there 
was anybody, who, after embracing his religion, became 
displeased and discarded his religion. Your reply was in the 
negative, and in fact this is (the sign of) true faith, when 
its delight enters the hearts and mixes with them completely. 
I asked you whether he had ever betrayed. You replied in the 
negative and likewise the Apostles never betray. Then I asked 
you what he ordered you to do. You replied that he ordered you 
to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship any thing 
along with Him and forbade you to worship idols and ordered 
you to pray, to speak the truth and to be chaste. If what you 
have said is true, he will very soon occupy this place 
underneath my feet and I knew it (from the scriptures) that he 
was going to appear but I did not know that he would be from 
you, and if I could reach him definitely, I would go 
immediately to meet him and if I were with him, I would 
certainly wash his feet . ' Heraclius then asked for the letter 
addressed by Allah's Apostle which was delivered by Dihya to 
the Governor of Busra, who forwarded it to Heraclius to read. 
The contents of the letter were as follows: "In the name of 
Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful (This letter is) from 
Muhammad the slave of Allah and His Apostle to Heraclius the 
ruler of Byzantine. Peace be upon him, who follows the right 
path. Furthermore I invite you to Islam, and if you become a 
Muslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward, 
and if you reject this invitation of Islam you will be 
committing a sin by misguiding your Arisiyin (peasants) . (And 
I recite to you Allah's Statement:) 'O people of the 
scripture! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship 
none but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship with 
Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords beside 
Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are 
Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah). ' (3:64) . Abu 
Sufyan then added, "When Heraclius had finished his speech and 
had read the letter, there was a great hue and cry in the 
Royal Court . So we were turned out of the court . I told my 
companions that the question of Ibn-Abi-Kabsha (the Prophet 



Muhammad) has become so prominent that even the King of Bani 
Al-Asfar (Byzantine) is afraid of him. Then I started to 
become sure that he (the Prophet) would be the conqueror in 
the near future till I embraced Islam (i.e. Allah guided me to 
it) . The sub narrator adds, "Ibn An-Natur was the Governor of 
Ilya ' (Jerusalem) and Heraclius was the head of the Christians 
of Sham. Ibn An-Natur narrates that once while Heraclius was 
visiting Ilya ' (Jerusalem) , he got up in the morning with a 
sad mood. Some of his priests asked him why he was in that 
mood? Heraclius was a foreteller and an astrologer. He 
replied, 'At night when I looked at the stars, I saw that the 
leader of those who practice circumcision had appeared (become 
the conqueror) . Who are they who practice circumcision?' The 
people replied, 'Except the Jews nobody practices 
circumcision, so you should not be afraid of them (Jews) . 

'Just Issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country. ' 
While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king of 
Ghassan to convey the news of Allah's Apostle to Heraclius was 
brought in. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius) ordered the 
people to go and see whether the messenger of Ghassan was 
circumcised. The people, after seeing him, told Heraclius that 
he was circumcised. Heraclius then asked him about the Arabs. 
The messenger replied, 'Arabs also practice circumcision . ' 

(After hearing that) Heraclius remarked that sovereignty of 
the Arabs had appeared. Heraclius then wrote a letter to his 
friend in Rome who was as good as Heraclius in knowledge. 
Heraclius then left for Horns, (a town in Syrian and stayed 
there till he received the reply of his letter from his friend 
who agreed with him in his opinion about the emergence of the 
Prophet and the fact that he was a Prophet . On that Heraclius 
invited all the heads of the Byzantines to assemble in his 
palace at Horns. When they assembled, he ordered that all the 
doors of his palace be closed. Then he came out and said, 'O 
Byzantines ! If success is your desire and if you seek right 
guidance and want your empire to remain then give a pledge of 
allegiance to this Prophet (i.e. embrace Islam). ' (On hearing 
the views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the gates of 
the palace like onagers [??] but found the doors closed. 



Heraclius realized their hatred towards Islam and when he lost 
the hope of their embracing Islam, he ordered that they should 
be brought back in audience. (When they returned) he said, 
'What already said was just to test the strength of your 
conviction and I have seen it. ' The people prostrated before 
him and became pleased with him, and this was the end of 
Heraclius ' story (in connection with his faith) . 

Bk. 2: Belief 



1. 7: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said: Islam is based on 

(the following) five (principles) : -1 . To testify that there 
is no deity (owing the right to be worshipped) but Allah and 
that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger. -2. To offer the 

(compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly . 

-3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) . -4. To perform 

Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca) -5. To observe fast during 

the month of Ramadan. 

1.8: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Faith (Belief) 

consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts) . And Haya ' 

(This word "Haya ' " covers a large number of concepts which are 

to be taken together; amongst them are self respect, modesty, 

bashfulness, and scruple, etc. Its predominant meaning is: 

pious shyness from committing religious indiscretions) is a 

part of faith. " 

1.9: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Amr: The Prophet said, "A Muslim is 

the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands. 

And a Muhajir (emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons) 

all what Allah has forbidden. " 

1.10: 

Narrated Abu Musa: Some people asked Allah's Apostle, "Whose 

Islam is the best? i.e. (Who is a very good Muslim) ?" He 

replied, "One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue 



and hands. " 

1.11: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin % Amr: A man asked the Prophet , "What 

sort of deeds or (what qualities of) Islam are good?" The 

Prophet replied, 'To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you 

know and those whom you do not Know (See Hadith No. 21) . 

1.12: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "None of you will have faith till he wishes 

for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself. " 

1.13: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: "Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose 

Hands my life is, none of you will have faith till he loves me 

more than his father and his children . " 

1.14: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said "None of you will have faith till he loves me 

more than his father, his children and all mankind. " 

1.15: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Whoever possesses the following three 

qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith: - 1. The 

one to whom Allah and His Apostle becomes dearer than anything 

else. -2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah's 

sake. -3. Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as he 

hates to be thrown into the fire. " 

1.16: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Love for the Ansar is a sign of faith and 

hatred for the Ansar is a sign of hypocrisy . " 

1.17: 

Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit : who took part in the battle of 

Badr and was a Naqib (a person heading a group of six 

persons) , on the night of Al-^Aqaba pledge: Allah's Apostle 

said while a group of his companions were around him, "Swear 

allegiance to me for: - 1. Not to join anything in worship 

along with Allah. -2. Not to steal. -3. Not to commit illegal 

sexual intercourse. -4. Not to kill your children. -5. Not to 



accuse an innocent person (to spread such an accusation among 
people) . -6. Not to be disobedient (when ordered) to do good 
deed. " The Prophet added: "Whoever among you fulfills his 
pledge will be rewarded by Allah. And whoever indulges in any 
one of them (except the ascription of partners to Allah) and 
gets the punishment in this world, that punishment will be an 
expiation for that sin. And if one indulges in any of them, 
and Allah conceals his sin, it is up to Him to forgive or 
punish him (in the Hereafter) . " 'Ubada bin As-Samit added: "So 
we swore allegiance for these." (points to Allah's Apostle) 
1.18: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri: Allah's Apostle said, "A time 
will come that the best property of a Muslim will be sheep 
which he will take on the top of mountains and the places of 
rainfall (valleys) so as to flee with his religion from 
afflictions . " 
1.19: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Whenever Allah's Apostle ordered the Muslims to do something, 
he used to order them deeds which were easy for them to do, 
(according to their strength endurance) . They said, "O Allah ' s 
Apostle! We are not like you. Allah has forgiven your past and 
future sins. " So Allah's Apostle became angry and it was 
apparent on his face. He said, "I am the most Allah fearing, 
and know Allah better than all of you do. " 
1.20: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Whoever possesses the following three 
qualities will taste the sweetness of faith: -1 . The one to 
whom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else. 
-2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah's sake. 
-3. Who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah has 
brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in 
fire. " 
1.21: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri: The Prophet said, "When the 
people of Paradise will enter Paradise and the people of Hell 
will go to Hell, Allah will order those who have had faith 



equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed to be taken out 

from Hell . So they will be taken out but (by then) they will 

be blackened (charred) . Then they will be put in the river of 

Hay a ' (rain) or Hay at (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as to 

which is the right term) , and they will revive like a grain 

that grows near the bank of a flood channel. Don't you see 

that it comes out yellow and twisted" 

1.22: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle said, "While I 

was sleeping I saw (in a dream) some people wearing shirts of 

which some were reaching up to the breasts only while others 

were even shorter than that. ^Umar bin Al-Khattab was shown 

wearing a shirt that he was dragging . " The people asked, "How 

did you interpret it? (What is its interpretation) O Allah's 

Apostle?" He (the Prophet ) replied, "It is the Religion . " 

1.23: 

Narrated x Abdullah (bin "Umar): Once Allah's Apostle passed by 

an Ansari (man) who was admonishing to his brother regarding 

Haya ' (pious shyness from committing religious indiscretions) . 

On that Allah's Apostle said, "Leave him as Haya' is a part of 

faith. " (See Hadith No. 8) 

1.24: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said: "I have been ordered 

(by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify that 
none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that 
Muhammad is Allah's Apostle, and offer the prayers perfectly 
and give the obligatory charity, so if they perform a that, 
then they save their lives an property from me except for 
Islamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will be done 
by Allah. " 
1.25: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle was asked, "What is the 
best deed?" He replied, "To believe in Allah and His Apostle 

(Muhammad) . The questioner then asked, "What is the next (in 
goodness) ? He replied, "To participate in Jihad (religious 
fighting) in Allah's Cause." The questioner again asked, "What 
is the next (in goodness) ? " He replied, "To perform Hajj 

(Pilgrim age to Mecca) Mabrur" (i.e. accepted by Allah, 



performed with the intention of seeking Allah's pleasure only 
and not to show off, without committing a sin and in 
accordance with the traditions of the Prophet) . 
1.26: 

Narrated Sa^d: 

Allah's Apostle distributed (Zakat) amongst (a group of) 
people while I was sitting there but Allah's Apostle left a 
man whom I thought the best of the lot. I asked, "O Allah's 
Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah I regard him 
as a faithful believer . " The Prophet commented : "Or merely a 
Muslim. " I remained quiet for a while, but could not help 
repeating my question because of what I knew about him. And 
then asked Allah's Apostle, "Why have you left so and so? By 
Allah! He is a faithful believer . " The Prophet again said, "Or 
merely a Muslim. " And I could not help repeating my question 
because of what I knew about him. Then the Prophet said, "O 
Sa^d! I give to a person while another is dearer to me, for 
fear that he might be thrown on his face in the Fire by 
Allah . " 
1.27: 
Narrated "Abdullah bin % Amr: A person asked Allah's Apostle . 

"What (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are 

good?" He replied, "To feed (the poor) and greet those whom 

you know and those whom you don't know. " 

1.28: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet said: "I was shown the 

Hell-fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women who 

were ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they disbelieve in Allah?" 

(or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, "They are 
ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favors 
and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you have 
always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees 
something in you (not of her liking), she will say, 'I have 
never received any good from you. " 
1.29: 

Narrated Al-Ma^rur: At Ar-Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who was 
wearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a similar 
one. I asked about the reason for it. He replied, "I abused a 



person by calling his mother with bad names. " The Prophet said 
to me, 'O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his mother 
with bad names You still have some characteristics of 
ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put 
them under your command. So whoever has a brother under his 
command should feed him of what he eats and dress him of what 
he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond their 
capacity (power) and if you do so, then help them. ' " 
1.30: 
Narrated Al-Ahnaf bin Qais: While I was going to help this man 

( ^Ali Ibn Abi Talib) , Abu Bakra met me and asked, "Where are 
you going?" I replied, "I am going to help that person. " He 
said, "Go back for I have heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'When 
two Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords, both 
the murderer as well as the murdered will go to the 
Hell-fire. ' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! It is all right for 
the murderer but what about the murdered one?' Allah's Apostle 
replied, "He surely had the intention to kill his companion. " 
1.31: 

Narrated x Abdullah: When the following Verse was revealed: "It 
is those who believe and confuse not their belief with wrong 

(worshipping others besides Allah. ) " (6:83), the companions of 
Allah's Apostle asked, "Who is amongst us who had not done 
injustice (wrong) ?" Allah revealed: "No doubt, joining others 
in worship with Allah is a great injustice (wrong) indeed. " 

(31.13) 

1.32: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The signs of a 

hypocrite are three: -1 . Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie. 

-2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise ) . 

-3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest . (If you keep 

something as a trust with him, he will not return it . ) " 

1.33: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Amr: The Prophet said, "Whoever has 

the following four (characteristics) will be a pure hypocrite 

and whoever has one of the following four characteristics will 

have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives 

it up. -1 . Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays. -2. Whenever 



he speaks, he tells a lie. -3. Whenever he makes a covenant, 
he proves treacherous. -4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in 
a very Imprudent, evil and insulting manner. " 
1.34: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever 
establishes the prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere 
faith and hoping to attain Allah ' s rewards (not to show off) 
then all his past sins will be forgiven. " 
1.35: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The person who 
participates in (Holy battles) in Allah's cause and nothing 
compels him to do so except belief in Allah and His Apostles, 
will be recompensed by Allah either with a reward, or booty 
(if he survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he is 
killed in the battle as a martyr) . Had I not found it 
difficult for my followers, then I would not remain behind any 
sariya (military unit) going for Jihad and I would have loved 
to be martyred in Allah ' s cause and then made Alive, and then 
martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in His 
cause." 
1.36: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said: "Whoever 
establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully 
out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not 
for showing off) , all his past sins will be forgiven . " 
1.37: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever observes 
fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and 
hoping to attain Allah's rewards, then all his past sins will 
be forgiven . " 
1.38: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Religion is very easy 
and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be 
able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, 
but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings 
that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in 
the mornings, the nights." (See Fath-ul-Bari , Page 102, Vol. 
1) ■ 



1.39: 

Narrated Al-Bara ' (bin % Azib) : When the Prophet came to 
Medina, he stayed first with his grandfathers or maternal 
uncles from Ansar. He offered his prayers facing Baitul-Maqdis 

(Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months, but he wished 
that he could pray facing the Ka x Jba (at Mecca) . The first 
prayer which he offered facing the Ka^ba was the "Asr prayer 
in the company of some people. Then one of those who had 
offered that prayer with him came out and passed by some 
people in a mosque who were bowing during their prayers 

(facing Jerusalem) . He said addressing them, "By Allah, I 
testify that I have prayed with Allah's Apostle facing Mecca 

(Ka^ba) . ' Hearing that, those people changed their direction 

towards the Ka^ba immediately. Jews and the people of the 

scriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet facing 

Jerusalem in prayers but when he changed his direction towards 

the Ka^ba, during the prayers, they disapproved of it. 

Al-Bara ' added, "Before we changed our direction towards the 

Ka x Jba (Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had died or had been 

killed and we did not know what to say about them (regarding 

their prayers.) Allah then revealed: And Allah would never 

make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. the prayers of 

those Muslims were valid) . ' " (2:143) . 

1.40: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If any one of you 

improve (follows strictly) his Islamic religion then his good 

deeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times for 

each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it is. " 

1.41: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Once the Prophet came while a woman was sitting with me. He 

said, "Who is she?" I replied, "She is so and so, " and told 

him about her (excessive) praying. He said disapprovingly, "Do 

(good) deeds which is within your capacity (without overtaxing 
yourself) as Allah does not get tired (of giving rewards) but 

(surely) you will get tired; the best deed (act of Worship) in 

the sight of Allah is that which is done regularly . " 

1.42: 



Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Whoever said "None has the right to be 
worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal 
to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell . And 
whoever said: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah 
and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a 
wheat grain will be taken out of Hell . And whoever said, "None 
has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart 
good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out 
of Hell . " 
1.43: 

Narrated ^Urnar bin Al-Khattab: Once a Jew said to me, "O the 
chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Which 
is read by all of you (Muslims) , and had it been revealed to 
us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed as 
a day of celebration . " "Umar bin Al-Khattab asked, "Which is 
that verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected your 
religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosen 
for you Islam as your religion. " (5:3) % Umar replied, "No 
doubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to the 
Prophet . It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at ^Arafat 
(i.e. the Day of Hajj) " 
1.44: 

Narrated Talha bin 'Ubaidullah: A man from Najd with unkempt 
hair came to Allah's Apostle and we heard his loud voice but 
could not understand what he was saying, till he came near and 
then we came to know that he was asking about Islam. Allah's 
Apostle said, "You have to offer prayers perfectly five times 
in a day and night (24 hours) . " The man asked, "Is there any 
more (praying) ?" Allah's Apostle replied, "No, but if you want 
to offer the Nawafil prayers (you can) . " Allah's Apostle 
further said to him: "You have to observe fasts during the 
month of Ramadan. " The man asked, "Is there any more fasting?" 
Allah's Apostle replied, "No, but if you want to observe the 
Nawafil fasts (you can.)" Then Allah's Apostle further said to 
him, "You have to pay the Zakat (obligatory charity) . " The man 
asked, "Is there any thing other than the Zakat for me to 
pay?" Allah's Apostle replied, "No, unless you want to give 



alms of your own. " And then that man retreated saying, "By 

Allah! I will neither do less nor more than this." Allah's 

Apostle said, "If what he said is true, then he will be 

successful (i.e. he will be granted Paradise) . 

1.45: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "(A believer) who 

accompanies the funeral procession of a Muslim out of sincere 

faith and hoping to attain Allah ' s reward and remains with it 

till the funeral prayer is offered and the burial ceremonies 

are over, he will return with a reward of two Qirats. Each 

Qirat is like the size of the (Mount) Uhud. He who offers the 

funeral prayer only and returns before the burial, will return 

with the reward of one Qirat only. " 

1.46: 

Narrated x Abdullah: The Prophet said, "Abusing a Muslim is 

Fusuq (an evil doing) and killing him is Kufr (disbelief) . " 

Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit : "Allah's Apostle went out to 

inform the people about the (date of the) night of decree 

(Al-Qadr) but there happened a quarrel between two Muslim men. 
The Prophet said, "I came out to inform you about (the date 
of) the night of Al-Qadr, but as so and so and so and so 
quarreled, its knowledge was taken away (I forgot it) and 
maybe it was better for you. Now look for it in the 7th, the 
9th and the 5th (of the last 10 nights of the month of 
Ramadan) . 
1.47: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: One day while the Prophet was sitting in 
the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came and 
asked, "What is faith?" Allah's Apostle replied, 'Faith is to 
believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His 
Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection . " Then he further 
asked, "What is Islam?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship 
Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to pay 
the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the 
month of Ramadan. " Then he further asked, "What is Ihsan 

(perfection) ?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship Allah as 
if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of 
devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you. " 



Then he further asked, "When will the Hour be established?" 
Allah's Apostle replied, "The answerer has no better knowledge 
than the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents . 
-1 . When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master. -2. When 
the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing 
with others in the construction of higher buildings. And the 
Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah. 
The Prophet then recited: "Verily, with Allah (Alone) is the 
knowledge of the Hour — ." (31 . 34) Then that man (Gabriel) 
left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back, 
but they could not see him. Then the Prophet said, "That was 
Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion. " Abu 

"Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part 

of faith. 

1.48: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Abbas: I was informed by Abu Sufyan 

that Heraclius said to him, "I asked you whether they 

(followers of Muhammad) were increasing or decreasing. You 
replied that they were increasing. And in fact, this is the 
way of true Faith till it is complete in all respects. I 
further asked you whether there was anybody, who, after 
embracing his (the Prophets) religion (Islam) became 
displeased and discarded it . You replied in the negative, and 
in fact, this is (a sign of) true faith. When its delight 
enters the heart and mixes with them completely, nobody can be 
displeased with it . " 
1.49: 
Narrated An-Nu"man bin Bashir: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 

'Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them 
there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people 
have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from 
these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And 
whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd 
who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of 
someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it . (O 
people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah 
on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There 
is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) 



the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole 
body gets spoilt and that is the heart . 
1.50: 

Narrated Abu Jamra: I used to sit with Ibn x Abbas and he made 
me sit on his sitting place. He requested me to stay with him 
in order that he might give me a share from his property. So I 
stayed with him for two months. Once he told (me) that when 
the delegation of the tribe of * Abdul Qais came to the 
Prophet, the Prophet asked them, "Who are the people (i.e. 
you)? (Or) who are the delegate?" They replied, "We are from 
the tribe of Rabija." Then the Prophet said to them, "Welcome! 
O people (or O delegation of " Abdul Qais) ! Neither will you 
have disgrace nor will you regret. " They said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! We cannot come to you except in the sacred month and 
there is the infidel tribe of Mudar intervening between you 
and us. So please order us to do something good (religious 
deeds) so that we may inform our people whom we have left 
behind (at home) , and that we may enter Paradise (by acting on 
them) . " Then they asked about drinks (what is legal and what 
is illegal) . The Prophet ordered them to do four things and 
forbade them from four things. He ordered them to believe in 
Allah Alone and asked them, "Do you know what is meant by 
believing in Allah Alone?" They replied, "Allah and His 
Apostle know better. " Thereupon the Prophet said, "It means: 
-1 . To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but 
Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Apostle. -2. To offer prayers 
perfectly -3. To pay the Zakat (obligatory charity) -4. To 
observe fast during the month of Ramadan. -5. And to pay 
Al-Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be given in Allah's 
Cause) . Then he forbade them four things, namely Hantam, 
Dubba, Naqir-Muzaffat or (Naqir) Muqaiyar (names of pots in 
which Alcoholic drinks were prepared, the Prophet used the 
names of the pots to designate the prohibited drinks usually 
brewed in them) . The Prophet further said (to them) : "Memorize 
them (these instructions) and convey them to the people whom 
you have left behind. " 
1.51: 
Narrated % Umar bin Al-Khattab: Allah's Apostle said, "The 



reward of deeds depends upon the intention and every person 
will get the reward according to what he has intended. So 
whoever emigrated for Allah and His Apostle, then his 
emigration was for Allah and His Apostle. And whoever 
emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his 
emigration was for what he emigrated for. " 
1.52: 

Narrated Abu Mas"ud: The Prophet said, "If a man spends on his 
family (with the intention of having a reward from Allah) 
sincerely for Allah ' s sake then it is a (kind of) alms-giving 
in reward for him. 
1.53: 

Narrated Sa*d bin Abi Waqqas : Allah's Apostle said, "You will 
be rewarded for whatever you spend for Allah ' s sake even if it 
were a morsel which you put in your wife's mouth." 
1.54: 

Narrated Jarir bin "Abdullah: I gave the pledge of allegiance 
to Allah's Apostle for the following: -1 . offer prayers 
perfectly -2. pay the Zakat (obligatory charity) -3. and be 
sincere and true to every Muslim. 
1.55: 

Narrated Ziyad bin * Ilaqa [??] : I heard Jarir bin "Abdullah 
(Praising Allah). On the day when Al-Mughira bin Shu"ba died, 
he (Jarir) got up (on the pulpit) and thanked and praised 
Allah and said, "Be afraid of Allah alone Who has none along 
with Him to be worshipped. (You should) be calm and quiet till 
the (new) chief comes to you and he will come to you soon. Ask 
Allah's forgiveness for your (late) chief because he himself 
loved to forgive others." Jarir added, "Amma ba"du (now then), 
I went to the Prophet and said, 'I give my pledge of 
allegiance to you for Islam. " The Prophet conditioned (my 
pledge) for me to be sincere and true to every Muslim so I 
gave my pledge to him for this. By the Lord of this mosque! I 
am sincere and true to you (Muslims) . Then Jarir asked for 
Allah's forgiveness and came down (from the pulpit). 



Bk. 3: Knowledge 



1.56: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: While the Prophet was saying something 
in a gathering, a Bedouin came and asked him, "When would the 
Hour (Doomsday) take place?" Allah's Apostle continued his 
talk, so some people said that Allah's Apostle had heard the 
question, but did not like what that Bedouin had asked. Some 
of them said that Allah's Apostle had not heard it. When the 
Prophet finished his speech, he said, "Where is the 
questioner, who inquired about the Hour (Doomsday) ?" The 
Bedouin said, "I am here, O Allah's Apostle ." Then the 
Prophet said, "When honesty is lost, then wait for the Hour 

(Doomsday) . " The Bedouin said, "How will that be lost?" The 
Prophet said, "When the power or authority comes in the hands 
of unfit persons, then wait for the Hour (Doomsday.)" 
1.57: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Amr: Once the Prophet remained behind 
us in a journey. He joined us while we were performing 
ablution for the prayer which was over-due. We were just 
passing wet hands over our feet (and not washing them 
properly) so the Prophet addressed us in a loud voice and said 
twice or thrice: "Save your heels from the fire. " 
1.58: 

Narrated Ibn % Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Amongst the trees, 
there is a tree, the leaves of which do not fall and is like a 
Muslim. Tell me the name of that tree. " Everybody started 
thinking about the trees of the desert areas. And I thought of 
the date-palm tree but felt shy to answer the others then 
asked, "What is that tree, O Allah's Apostle ?" He replied, 

"It is the date-palm true. " 

1.59: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet said, "Amongst the trees, 

there is a tree, the leaves of which do not fall and is like a 

Muslim. Tell me the name of that tree. " Everybody started 

thinking about the trees of the desert areas. And I thought of 



the date-palm tree. The others then asked, "Please Inform us 
what is that tree, O Allah's Apostle?" He replied, "It is the 
date-palm tree. " 
1.60: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: same as above Hadith 59. 
1.61: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: same as above Hadith 59. 
1.62: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: same as above Hadith 59. 
1.63: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: While we were sitting with the 
Prophet in the mosque, a man came riding on a camel . He made 
his camel kneel down in the mosque, tied its foreleg and then 
said: "Who amongst you is Muhammad?" At that time the Prophet 
was sitting amongst us (his companions) leaning on his arm. We 
replied, "This white man reclining on his arm. " The an then 
addressed him, "O Son of x Abdul Muttalib . " The Prophet said, 
"I am here to answer your questions . " The man said to the 
Prophet, "I want to ask you something and will be hard in 
questioning. So do not get angry. " The Prophet said, "Ask 
whatever you want . " The man said, "I ask you by your Lord, and 
the Lord of those who were before you, has Allah sent you as 
an Apostle to all the mankind?" The Prophet replied, "By 
Allah, yes. " The man further said, "I ask you by Allah. Has 
Allah ordered you to offer five prayers in a day and night (24 
hours) . ? He replied, "By Allah, Yes. " The man further said, "I 
ask you by Allah! Has Allah ordered you to observe fasts 
during this month of the year (i.e. Ramadan) ?" He replied, "By 
Allah, Yes. " The man further said, "I ask you by Allah. Has 
Allah ordered you to take Zakat (obligatory charity) from our 
rich people and distribute it amongst our poor people?" The 
Prophet replied, "By Allah, yes. " Thereupon that man said, "I 
have believed in all that with which you have been sent, and I 
have been sent by my people as a messenger, and I am Dimam bin 
Tha* laba from the brothers of Bani Sa"d bin Bakr." 
1.64: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Abbas: Once Allah's Apostle gave a 
letter to a person and ordered him to go and deliver it to the 



Governor of Bahrain. (He did so) and the Governor of Bahrain 
sent it to Chousroes, who read that letter and then tore it to 
pieces. (The sub-narrator (Ibn Shihab) thinks that Ibn 
Al-Musaiyab said that Allah's Apostle invoked Allah against 
them (saying) , "May Allah tear them into pieces, and disperse 
them all totally.) " 
1.65: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once the Prophet wrote a letter or 
had an idea of writing a letter. The Prophet was told that 
they (rulers) would not read letters unless they were sealed. 
So the Prophet got a silver ring made with "Muhammad Allah's 
Apostle" engraved on it. As if I were just observing its white 
glitter in the hand of the Prophet . 
1.66: 

Narrated Abu Waqid Al-Laithi : While Allah's Apostle was 
sitting in the mosque with some people, three men came. Two of 
them came in front of Allah's Apostle and the third one went 
away. The two persons kept on standing before Allah's Apostle 
for a while and then one of them found a place in the circle 
and sat there while the other sat behind the gathering, and 
the third one went away. When Allah's Apostle finished his 
preaching, he said, "Shall I tell you about these three 
persons? One of them betook himself to Allah, so Allah took 
him into His grace and mercy and accommodated him, the second 
felt shy from Allah, so Allah sheltered Him in His mercy (and 
did not punish him) , while the third turned his face from 
Allah and went away, so Allah turned His face from him 
likewise. " 
1.67: 

Narrated " Abdur -Rahman bin Abi Bakra ' s father: Once the 
Prophet was riding his camel and a man was holding its rein. 
The Prophet asked, "What is the day today?" We kept quiet, 
thinking that he might give that day another name. He said, 
"Isn't it the day of Nahr (slaughtering of the animals of 
sacrifice) " We replied, "Yes. " He further asked, "Which month 
is this?" We again kept quiet, thinking that he might give it 
another name. Then he said, "Isn't it the month of 
Dhul-Hijja?" We replied, "Yes. " He said, "Verily! Your blood, 



property and honor are sacred to one another (i.e. Muslims) 

like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this month of yours 

and in this city of yours. It is incumbent upon those who are 

present to inform those who are absent because those who are 

absent might comprehend (what I have said) better than the 

present audience. " 

1.68: 

Narrated Ibn Mas"ud: The Prophet used to take care of us in 

preaching by selecting a suitable time, so that we might not 

get bored. (He abstained from pestering us with sermons and 

knowledge all the time) . 

1.69: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Facilitate things 

to people (concerning religious matters) , and do not make it 

hard for them and give them good tidings and do not make them 

run away (from Islam) . 

1.70: 

Narrated Abu Wail : " Abdullah used to give a religious talk to 

the people on every Thursday. Once a man said, "O Aba 

* Abdur-Rahman ! (By Allah) I wish if you could preach us 

daily. " He replied, "The only thing which prevents me from 

doing so, is that I hate to bore you, and no doubt I take care 

of you in preaching by selecting a suitable time just as the 

Prophet used to do with us, for fear of making us bored. " 

1.71: 

Narrated Muawiya: 

I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "If Allah wants to do good to 

a person, He makes him comprehend the religion. I am just a 

distributor, but the grant is from Allah. (And remember) that 

this nation (true Muslims) will keep on following Allah's 

teachings strictly and they will not be harmed by any one 

going on a different path till Allah ' s order (Day of Judgment) 

is established. " 

1. 72: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: We were with the Prophet and fresh dates 

of a palm tree were brought to him. On that he said, "Amongst 

the trees, there is a tree which resembles a Muslim. " I wanted 

to say that it was the date-palm tree but as I was the 



youngest of all (of them) I kept quiet . And then the Prophet 
said, "It Is the date-palm tree. " 
1.73: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Mas"ud: The Prophet said, "Do not wish 
to be like anyone except In two cases. (The first Is) A 
person, whom Allah has given wealth and he spends It 
righteously; (the second Is) the one whom Allah has given 
wisdom (the Holy Qur'an) and he acts according to It and 
teaches It to others. " (Fath-al-Barl page 177 Vol. 1) 
1.74: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: That he differed with Hur bin Qals bin 
Hlsn Al-Fazarl regarding the companion of (the Prophet) Moses. 
Ibn x Abbas said that he was Al Khadlr. Meanwhile, Ubal bin 
Ka x Jb passed by them and Ibn s Abbas called him, saying "My 
friend (Hur) and I have differed regarding Moses ' companion, 
whom Moses asked the way to meet . Have you heard the Prophet 
mentioning something about him? He said, "Yes. I heard Allah's 
Apostle saying, "While Moses was sitting In the company of 
some Israelites, a man came and asked him. "Do you know anyone 
who Is more learned than you? Moses replied: "No. " So Allah 
sent the Divine Inspiration to Moses: 'Yes, Our slave Khadlr 

(Is more learned than you.) ' Moses asked (Allah) how to meet 
him (Khadlr) . So Allah made the fish as a sign for him and he 
was told that when the fish was lost, he should return (to the 
place where he had lost It) and there he would meet him 

(Al-Khadlr) . So Moses went on looking for the sign of the fish 
In the sea. The servant-boy of Moses said to him: Do you 
remember when we betook ourselves to the rock, I Indeed forgot 
the fish, none but Satan made me forget to remember It . On 
that Moses said: 'That Is what we have been seeking? (18.64) 
So they went back retracing their footsteps, and found Khadlr. 

(And) what happened further to them Is narrated In the Holy 
Qur'an by Allah. (18.54 up to 18.82) 
1.75: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Once the Prophet embraced me and said, "O 
Allah! Bestow on him the knowledge of the Book (Qur'an) . 
1.76: 
Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Once I came riding a she-ass and had 



(just) attained the age of puberty. Allah's Apostle was 
offering the prayer at Mina . There was no wall in front of him 
and I passed in front of some of the row while they were 
offering their prayers. There I let the she-ass loose to graze 
and entered the row, and nobody objected to it . 
1. 77: 

Narrated Mahmud bin Rabija: When I was a boy of five, I 
remember, the Prophet took water from a bucket (used far 
getting water out of a well) with his mouth and threw it on my 
face. 
1. 78: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: that he differed with Hur bin Qais bin 
Hisn Al-Fazari regarding the companion of the Prophet Moses. 
Meanwhile, Ubai bin Ka v Jb passed by them and Ibn v Abbas called 
him saying, "My friend (Hur) and I have differed regarding 
Moses' companion whom Moses asked the way to meet. Have you 
heard Allah ' s Apostle mentioning something about him? Ubai bin 
Ka"b said: "Yes, I heard the Prophet mentioning something 
about him (saying) while Moses was sitting in the company of 
some Israelites, a man came and asked him: "Do you know anyone 
who is more learned than you? Moses replied: "No. " So Allah 
sent the Divine Inspiration to Moses: ' — Yes, Our slave Khadir 
is more learned than you. Moses asked Allah how to meet him 

(Al-Khadir) . So Allah made the fish a sign for him and he was 
told when the fish was lost, he should return (to the place 
where he had lost it) and there he would meet him (Al-Khadir) . 
So Moses went on looking for the sign of the fish in the sea. 
The servant-boy of Moses said: 'Do you remember when we betook 
ourselves to the rock, I indeed forgot the fish, none but 
Satan made me forget to remember it. On that Moses said, 'That 
is what we have been seeking. ' So they went back retracing 
their footsteps, and found Khadir. (and) what happened further 
about them is narrated in the Holy Qur'an by Allah. " (18.54 up 
to 18.82) 
1. 79: 

Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "The example of guidance 
and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundant 
rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that 



absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass in 
abundance. (And) another portion of it was hard and held the 
rain water and Allah benefited the people with it and they 
utilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from it 
and for irrigation of the land for cultivation. (And) a 
portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water 
nor bring forth vegetation (then that land gave no benefits) . 
The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allah ' s 
religion and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah has 
revealed through me (the Prophets and learns and then teaches 
others. The last example is that of a person who does not care 
for it and does not take Allah's guidance revealed through me 
(He is like that barren land.)" 
1.80: 

Narrated Anas: 

Allah's Apostle said, "From among the portents of the Hour are 
(the following) : -1 . Religious knowledge will be taken away 
(by the death of Religious learned men) . -2. (Religious) 
ignorance will prevail. -3. Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (will 
be very common) . -4 . There will be prevalence of open illegal 
sexual intercourse. 
1.81: 

Narrated Anas: 

I will narrate to you a Hadith and none other than I will tell 
you about after it. I heard Allah's Apostle saying: From among 
the portents of the Hour are (the following) : -1 . Religious 
knowledge will decrease (by the death of religious learned 
men). -2. Religious ignorance will prevail. -3. There will be 
prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse. -4. Women will 
increase in number and men will decrease in number so much so 
that fifty women will be looked after by one man. 
1.82: 

Narrated Ibn *Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "While I was 
sleeping, I saw that a cup full of milk was brought to me and 
I drank my fill till I noticed (the milk) its wetness coming 
out of my nails. Then I gave the remaining milk to ^Umar Ibn 
Al-Khattab" The companions of the Prophet asked, "What have 
you interpreted (about this dream)? "O Allah's Apostle , !" he 



replied, "(It is religious) knowledge." 

1.83: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin "Amr bin Al " Aas : Allah's Apostle 

stopped (for a while near the Jimar) at Mina during his last 

Hajj for the people and they were asking him questions . A man 

came and said, "I forgot and got my head shaved before 

slaughtering the Hadi (sacrificing animal) . " The Prophet said, 

"There is no harm, go and do the slaughtering now. " Then 
another person came and said, "I forgot and slaughtered (the 
camel) before Rami (throwing of the pebbles) at the Jamra. " 
The Prophet said, "Do the Rami now and there is no harm. " The 
narrator added: So on that day, when the Prophet was asked 
about anything (as regards the ceremonies of Hajj) performed 
before or after its due time, his reply was: "Do it (now) and 
there is no harm. " 
1.84: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Somebody said to the Prophet (during his 
last Hajj) , "I did the slaughtering before doing the Rami . ' 
The Prophet beckoned with his hand and said, "There is no harm 
in that. " Then another person said. "I got my head shaved 
before offering the sacrifice. " The Prophet beckoned with his 
hand saying, "There is no harm in that . " 
1.85: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, " (Religious) knowledge 
will be taken away (by the death of religious scholars) 
ignorance (in religion) and afflictions will appear; and Harj 
will increase." It was asked, "What is Harj, O Allah's 
Apostle?" He replied by beckoning with his hand indicating 

"killing." (Fath-al-Bari Page 192, Vol. 1) 

1.86: 

Narrated Asma ' : 

I came to "Aisha while she was praying, and said to her, "What 

has happened to the people?" She pointed out towards the sky. 

(I looked towards the mosque) , and saw the people offering the 
prayer. Aisha said, "Subhan Allah. " I said to her, "Is there a 
sign?" She nodded with her head meaning, "Yes. " I, too, then 
stood (for the prayer of eclipse) till I became (nearly) 
unconscious and later on I poured water on my head. After the 



prayer, the Prophet praised and glorified Allah and then said, 

"Just now at this place I have seen what I have never seen 
before, including Paradise and Hell . No doubt it has been 
inspired to me that you will be put to trials in your graves 
and these trials will be like the trials of Masih-ad-Daj jal or 
nearly like it (the sub narrator is not sure which expression 
Asma ' used). You will be asked, 'What do you know about this 
man (the Prophet Muhammad) ? ' Then the faithful believer (or 
Asma' said a similar word) will reply, 'He is Muhammad Allah's 
Apostle who had come to us with clear evidences and guidance 
and so we accepted his teachings and followed him. And he is 
Muhammad. ' And he will repeat it thrice. Then the angels will 
say to him, 'Sleep in peace as we have come to know that you 
were a faithful believer. ' On the other hand, a hypocrite or a 
doubtful person will reply, 'I do not know, but I heard the 
people saying something and so I said it . ' (the same) . " 
1.87: 

Narrated Abu Jamra: I was an interpreter between the people 
and Ibn "Abbas. Once Ibn "Abbas said that a delegation of the 
tribe of "Abdul Qais came to the Prophet who asked them, "Who 
are the people (i.e. you)? (Or) who are the delegates?" They 
replied, "We are from the tribe of Rabi"a. " Then the Prophet 
said to them, "Welcome, O people (or said, "O delegation (of 

"Abdul Qais) . ") Neither will you have disgrace nor will you 
regret . " They said, "We have come to you from a distant place 
and there is the tribe of the infidels of Mudar intervening 
between you and us and we cannot come to you except in the 
sacred month. So please order us to do something good 

(religious deeds) and that we may also inform our people whom 
we have left behind (at home) and that we may enter Paradise 

(by acting on them.)" The Prophet ordered them to do four 
things, and forbade them from four things. He ordered them to 
believe in Allah Alone, the Honorable the Majestic and said to 
them, "Do you know what is meant by believing in Allah Alone?" 
They replied, "Allah and His Apostle know better. " Thereupon 
the Prophet said, " (That means to testify that none has the 
right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is His 
Apostle, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay Zakat, to observe 



fasts during the month of Ramadan, (and) to pay Al-Khumus (one 
fifth of the booty to be given in Allah's cause) . " Then he 
forbade them four things, namely Ad-Dubba. ' Hantam, Muzaffat 
(and) An-Naqir or Muqaiyar (These were the names of pots in 
which alcoholic drinks used to be prepared) . The Prophet 
further said, "Memorize them (these instructions) and tell 
them to the people whom you have left behind. " 
1.88: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Abi Mulaika: ^Uqba bin Al-Harith said 
that he had married the daughter of Abi Ihab bin * Aziz . Later 
on a woman came to him and said, "I have suckled (nursed) 
^Uqba and the woman whom he married (his wife) at my breast. " 
% Uqba said to her, "Neither I knew that you have suckled 
(nursed) me nor did you tell me. " Then he rode over to see 
Allah's Apostle at Medina, and asked him about it. Allah's 
Apostle said, "How can you keep her as a wife when it has been 
said (that she is your foster-sister) ?" Then ^Uqba divorced 
her, and she married another man. 
1.89: 

Narrated x Umar : 

My Ansari neighbor from Bani Umaiya bin Zaid who used to live 
at ^Awali Al-Medina and used to visit the Prophet by turns. He 
used to go one day and I another day. When I went I used to 
bring the news of that day regarding the Divine Inspiration 
and other things, and when he went, he used to do the same for 
me. Once my Ansari friend, in his turn (on returning from the 
Prophet) , knocked violently at my door and asked if I was 
there. " I became horrified and came out to him. He said, 
"Today a great thing has happened. " I then went to Hafsa and 
saw her weeping. I asked her, "Did Allah ' s Apostle divorce you 
all?" She replied, "I do not know. " Then, I entered upon the 
Prophet and said while standing, "Have you divorced your 
wives?" The Prophet replied in the negative. On what I said, 
"Allahu-Akbar (Allah is Greater)." (See Hadith No. 119, Vol. 3 
for details) 
1.90: 

Narrated Abu Mas^ud Al-Ansari: Once a man said to Allah's 
Apostle "O Allah's Apostle! I may not attend the (compulsory 



congregational) prayer because so and so (the Imam) prolongs 
the prayer when he leads us for it. The narrator added: "I 
never saw the Prophet more furious in giving advice than he 
was on that day. The Prophet said, "O people! Some of you make 
others dislike good deeds (the prayers) . So whoever leads the 
people in prayer should shorten it because among them there 
are the sick the weak and the needy (having some jobs to do) . 
1.91: 

Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani : A man asked the Prophet 
about the picking up of a "Luqata" (fallen lost thing) . The 
Prophet replied, "Recognize and remember its tying material 
and its container, and make public announcement (about it) for 
one year, then utilize it but give it to its owner if he 
comes. " Then the person asked about the lost camel. On that, 
the Prophet got angry and his cheeks or his Face became red 
and he said, "You have no concern with it as it has its water 
container, and its feet and it will reach water, and eat (the 
leaves) of trees till its owner finds it . " The man then asked 
about the lost sheep. The Prophet replied, "It is either for 
you, for your brother (another person) or for the wolf. " 
1.92: 

Narrated Abu Musa : The Prophet was asked about things which he 
did not like, but when the questioners insisted, the Prophet 
got angry. He then said to the people, "Ask me anything you 
like. " A man asked, "Who is my father?" The Prophet replied, 
"Your father is Hudhafa. " Then another man got up and said, 
"Who is my father, O Allah's Apostle ?" He replied, "Your 
father is Salim, Maula (the freed slave) of Shaiba. " So when 
"Umar saw that (the anger) on the face of the Prophet he said, 
"O Allah's Apostle! We repent to Allah (Our offending you) . 
1.93: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: One day Allah's Apostle came out 
(before the people) and " Abdullah bin Hudhafa stood up and 
asked (him) "Who is my father?" The Prophet replied, "Your 
father is Hudhafa . " The Prophet told them repeatedly (in 
anger) to ask him anything they liked. ^Umar knelt down before 
the Prophet and said thrice, "We accept Allah as (our) Lord 
and Islam as (our) religion and Muhammad as (our) Prophet. " 



After that the Prophet became silent . 

1.94: 

Narrated Anas: 

Whenever the Prophet asked permission to enter, he knocked the 

door thrice with greeting and whenever he spoke a sentence 

(said a thing) he used to repeat it thrice. (See Hadith No. 
261, Vol. 8). 
1.95: 

Narrated Anas: 

Whenever the Prophet spoke a sentence (said a thing) , he used 
to repeat it thrice so that the people could understand it 
properly from him and whenever he asked permission to enter, 

(he knocked the door) thrice with greeting. 

1.96: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Amr: Once Allah's Apostle remained 

behind us in a journey. He joined us while we were performing 

ablution for the "Asr prayer which was over-due. We were just 

passing wet hands over our feet (not washing them properly) so 

the Prophet addressed us in a loud voice and said twice or 

thrice, "Save your heels from the fire. " 

1.97.1: 

Narrated Abu Burda's father: Allah's Apostle said "Three 

persons will have a double reward: -1 . A Person from the 

people of the scriptures who believed in his prophet (Jesus or 

Moses) and then believed in the Prophet Muhammad (i.e. has 

embraced Islam) . -2 . A slave who discharges his duties to 

Allah and his master. -3. A master of a woman-slave who 

teaches her good manners and educates her in the best possible 

way (the religion) and manumits her and then marries her. " 

1.97.2: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Once Allah's Apostle came out while Bilal 

was accompanying him. He went towards the women thinking that 

they had not heard him (i.e. his sermon). So he preached them 

and ordered them to pay alms. (Hearing that) the women started 

giving alms; some donated their earrings, some gave their 

rings and Bilal was collecting them in the corner of his 

garment . 

1.98: 



Narrated Abu Huraira: I said: "O Allah's Apostle! Who will be 
the luckiest person, who will gain your intercession on the 
Day of Resurrection?" Allah's Apostle said: O Abu Huraira! "I 
have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I 
know your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths . The luckiest 
person who will have my intercession on the Day of 
Resurrection will be the one who said sincerely from the 
bottom of his heart "None has the right to be worshipped but 
Allah. " And "Umar bin x Abdul " Aziz wrote to Abu Bakr bin Hazm, 

"Look for the knowledge of Hadith and get it written, as I am 
afraid that religious knowledge will vanish and the religious 
learned men will pass away (die) . Do not accept anything save 
the Hadiths of the Prophet . Circulate knowledge and teach the 
ignorant, for knowledge does not vanish except when it is kept 
secretly (to oneself) . 
1.99: 

Narrated "Abdullah Ibn Dinar: also narrates the same (above 
mentioned statement) as has been narrated by "Umar bin x Abdul 

* Aziz up to "The religious scholar (learned men) will pass 
away (die) . 
1.100: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Amr bin Al-"As: I heard Allah's 
Apostle saying, "Allah does not take away the knowledge, by 
taking it away from (the hearts of) the people, but takes it 
away by the death of the religious learned men till when none 
of the (religious learned men) remains, people will take as 
their leaders ignorant persons who when consulted will give 
their verdict without knowledge. So they will go astray and 
will lead the people astray. " 
1.101: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id Al-Khudri : Some women requested the Prophet 
to fix a day for them as the men were taking all his time. On 
that he promised them one day for religious lessons and 
commandments. Once during such a lesson the Prophet said, "A 
woman whose three children die will be shielded by them from 
the Hell fire. " On that a woman asked, "If only two die?" He 
replied, "Even two (will shield her from the Hell-fire) . 
1.102: 



Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri: as above (the sub narrators are 
different) . Abu Huraira qualified the three children referred 
to in the above mentioned Hadith as not having reached the age 
of committing sins (i.e. age of puberty) . 
1.103: 

Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika: Whenever ^Aisha (the wife of the 
Prophet) heard anything which she did not understand, she used 
to ask again till she understood it completely. Aisha said: 
"Once the Prophet said, "Whoever will be called to account 
(about his deeds on the Day of Resurrection) will surely be 
punished. " I said, "Doesn 't Allah say: "He surely will receive 
an easy reckoning. " (84.8) The Prophet replied, "This means 
only the presentation of the accounts but whoever will be 
argued about his account, will certainly be ruined. " 
1.104: 

Narrated Sa^id: 

Abu Shuraih said, "When "Amr bin Sa" id was sending the troops 
to Mecca (to fight ^Abdullah bin Az-Zubair) I said to him, 'O 
chief! Allow me to tell you what the Prophet said on the day 
following the conquests of Mecca. My ears heard and my heart 
comprehended, and I saw him with my own eyes, when he said it. 
He glorified and praised Allah and then said, "Allah and not 
the people has made Mecca a sanctuary . So anybody who has 
belief in Allah and the Last Day (i.e. a Muslim) should 
neither shed blood in it nor cut down its trees. If anybody 
argues that fighting is allowed in Mecca as Allah's Apostle 
did fight (in Mecca) , tell him that Allah gave permission to 
His Apostle, but He did not give it to you. The Prophet added: 
Allah allowed me only for a few hours on that day (of the 
conquest) and today (now) its sanctity is the same (valid) as 
it was before. So it is incumbent upon those who are present 
to convey it (this information) to those who are absent . " Abu- 
Shuraih was asked, "What did ^Amr reply?" He said *Amr said, 
"O Abu Shuraih! I know better than you (in this respect) . 
Mecca does not give protection to one who disobeys (Allah) or 
runs after committing murder, or theft (and takes refuge in 
Mecca) . 
1.105: 



Narrated Abu Bakra: The Prophet said. No doubt your blood, 

property, the sub-narrator Muhammad thought that Abu Bakra had 

also mentioned and your honor (chastity) , are sacred to one 

another as is the sanctity of this day of yours in this month 

of yours. It is incumbent on those who are present to inform 

those who are absent. " (Muhammad the Sub-narrator used to say, 

"Allah's Apostle told the truth.") The Prophet repeated twice: 

"No doubt! Haven't I conveyed Allah's message to you. 

1.106: 

Narrated ^Ali : 

The Prophet said, "Do not tell a lie against me for whoever 

tells a lie against me (intentionally) then he will surely 

enter the Hell- fire . " 

1.107: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin Az-Zubair: I said to my father, 'I do 

not hear from you any narration (Hadith) of Allah s Apostle as 

I hear (his narration) from so and so?" Az-Zubair replied. 1 

was always with him (the Prophet) and I heard him saying 

"Whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) then (surely) 

let him occupy, his seat in Hell- fire. 

1.108: 

Narrated Anas: 

The fact which stops me from narrating a great number of 

Hadiths to you is that the Prophet said: "Whoever tells a lie 

against me intentionally, then (surely) let him occupy his 

seat in Hell- fire. " 

1.109: 

Narrated Salama: 

I heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever (intentionally) ascribes 

to me what I have not said then (surely) let him occupy his 

seat in Hell- fire. " 

1.110: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Name yourselves with 

my name (use my name) but do not name yourselves with my Kunya 

name (i.e. Abul Qasim) . And whoever sees me in a dream then 

surely he has seen me for Satan cannot impersonate me. And 

whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) , then (surely) 

let him occupy his seat in Hell- fire. " 



1.111: 

Narrated Ash-Shu^bi : Abu Juhaifa said, "I asked "All, 'Have 
you got any book (which has been revealed to the Prophet apart 
from the Qur'an)?' "All replied, 'No, except Allah's Book or 
the power of understanding which has been bestowed (by Allah) 
upon a Muslim or what is (written) in this sheet of paper 

(with me) . ' Abu Juhaifa said, "I asked, 'What is (written) in 
this sheet of paper? ' *Ali replied, it deals with The Diyya 

(compensation (blood money) paid by the killer to the 
relatives of the victim) , the ransom for the releasing of the 
captives from the hands of the enemies, and the law that no 
Muslim should be killed in Qisas (equality in punishment) for 
the killing of (a disbeliever) . 
1.112: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: In the year of the Conquest of Mecca, 
the tribe of Khuza"a killed a man from the tribe of Bani Laith 
in revenge for a killed person, belonging to them. They 
informed the Prophet about it. So he rode his Rahila 

(she-camel for riding) and addressed the people saying, "Allah 
held back the killing from Mecca. (The sub-narrator is in 
doubt whether the Prophet said "elephant or killing, " as the 
Arabic words standing for these words have great similarity in 
shape) , but He (Allah) let His Apostle and the believers over 
power the infidels of Mecca. Beware! (Mecca is a sanctuary) 
Verily! Fighting in Mecca was not permitted for anyone before 
me nor will it be permitted for anyone after me. It (war) in 
it was made legal for me for few hours or so on that day. No 
doubt it is at this moment a sanctuary, it is not allowed to 
uproot its thorny shrubs or to uproot its trees or to pick up 
its Luqat (fallen things) except by a person who will look for 
its owner (announce it publicly) . And if somebody is killed, 
then his closest relative has the right to choose one of the 
two — the blood money (Diyya) or retaliation having the killer 
killed. In the meantime a man from Yemen came and said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! Get that written for me." The Prophet ordered 
his companions to write that for him. Then a man from Quraish 
said, "Except Al-Idhkhir (a type of grass that has good smell) 
O Allah's Apostle, as we use it in our houses and graves. " The 



Prophet said, "Except Al-Idhkhir i.e. Al-Idhkhir is allowed to 

be plucked. " 

1.113: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: There is none among the companions of 

the Prophet who has narrated more Hadiths than I except 

" Abdullah bin *Amr (bin Al-^As) who used to write them and I 

never did the same. 

1.114: 

Narrated 'Ubaidullah bin x Abdullah: Ibn " Abbas said, "When the 

ailment of the Prophet became worse, he said, 'Bring for me 

(writing) paper and I will write for you a statement after 
which you will not go astray. ' But ^Umar said, 'The Prophet is 
seriously ill, and we have got Allah ' s Book with us and that 
is sufficient for us. ' But the companions of the Prophet 
differed about this and there was a hue and cry. On that the 
Prophet said to them, 'Go away (and leave me alone) . It is not 
right that you should quarrel in front of me. " Ibn " Abbas came 
out saying, "It was most unfortunate (a great disaster) that 
Allah's Apostle was prevented from writing that statement for 
them because of their disagreement and noise. (Note: It is 
apparent from this Hadith that Ibn " Abbas had witnessed the 
event and came out saying this statement . The truth is not so, 
for Ibn " Abbas used to say this statement on narrating the 
Hadith and he had not witnessed the event personally. See Fath 
Al-Bari Vol. 1, p. 220 footnote.) (See Hadith No. 228, Vol. 4). 
1.115: 
Narrated Urn Salama: One night Allah's Apostle got up and said, 

"Subhan Allah! How many afflictions have been descended 

tonight and how many treasures have been disclosed! Go and 

wake the sleeping lady occupants of these dwellings (his 

wives) up (for prayers) . A well-dressed (soul) in this world 

may be naked in the Hereafter. " 

1.116: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin ^Umar: Once the Prophet led us in the 

^Isha' prayer during the last days of his life and after 
finishing it (the prayer) (with Taslim) he said: "Do you 
realize (the importance of) this night?" Nobody present on the 
surface of the earth tonight will be living after the 



completion of one hundred years from this night . " 
1.117: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: I stayed overnight in the house of my 
aunt Maimuna bint Al-Harith (the wife of the Prophet ) while 
the Prophet was there with her during her night turn . The 
Prophet offered the x Jsha' prayer (in the mosque), returned 
home and after having prayed four rak^at, he slept. Later on 
he got up at night and then asked whether the boy (or he used 
a similar word) had slept? Then he got up for the prayer and I 
stood up by his left side but he made me stand to his right 
and offered five rak^at followed by two more rak" at . Then he 
slept and I heard him snoring and then (after a while) he left 
for the (Fajr) prayer. 
1.118: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: People say that I have narrated many 
Hadiths (The Prophet ' s narration) . Had it not been for two 
verses in the Qur'an, I would not have narrated a single 
Hadith, and the verses are: "Verily those who conceal the 
clear sign and the guidance which We have sent down . . . (up 
to) Most Merciful." (2:159-160) . And no doubt our Muhajir 

(emigrant) brothers used to be busy in the market with their 
business (bargains) and our Ansari brothers used to be busy 
with their property (agriculture) . But I (Abu Huraira) used to 
stick to Allah's Apostle contented with what will fill my 
stomach and I used to attend that which they used not to 
attend and I used to memorize that which they used not to 
memorize. 
1.119: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I said to Allah's Apostle "I hear many 
narrations (Hadiths) from you but I forget them. " Allah's 
Apostle said, "Spread your Rida ' (garment) . " I did accordingly 
and then he moved his hands as if filling them with something 

(and emptied them in my Rida ' ) and then said, "Take and wrap 

this sheet over your body. " I did it and after that I never 

forgot any thing. 

1.120: 

Narrated Ibrahim bin Al-Mundhir : Ibn Abi Fudaik narrated the 

same as above (Hadith. .. 119) but added that the Prophet had 



moved his hands as if filling them with something and then he 
emptied them in the Rida ' of Abu Huraira . 
1 . 121 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I have memorized two kinds of knowledge 
from Allah's Apostle . I have propagated one of them to you 
and if I propagated the second, then my pharynx (throat) would 
be cut (i.e. killed). 
1.122: 

Narrated Jarir: 

The Prophet said to me during Hajjat-al-Wida": Let the people 
keep quiet and listen. Then he said (addressing the people), 
"Do not (become infidels) revert to disbelief after me by 
striking the necks (cutting the throats) of one another 
(killing each other) . 
1.123: 

Narrated Sa*id bin Jubair: I said to Ibn " Abbas, 
"Nauf-Al-Bakali claims that Moses (the companion of Khadir) 
was not the Moses of Bani Israel but he was another Moses. " 
Ibn " Abbas remarked that the enemy of Allah (Nauf) was a liar. 
1 . 124 : 

Narrated Ubai bin Ka^b: The Prophet said, "Once the Prophet 
Moses stood up and addressed Bani Israel . He was asked, "Who 
is the most learned man amongst the people. He said, "I am the 
most learned. " Allah admonished Moses as he did not attribute 
absolute knowledge to Him (Allah) . So Allah inspired to him 
"At the junction of the two seas there is a slave amongst my 
slaves who is more learned than you. " Moses said, "O my Lord! 
How can I meet him?" Allah said: Take a fish in a large basket 
(and proceed) and you will find him at the place where you 
will lose the fish. So Moses set out along with his (servant) 
boy, Yusha x bin Noon and carried a fish in a large basket till 
they reached a rock, where they laid their heads (i.e. lay 
down) and slept . The fish came out of the basket and it took 
its way into the sea as in a tunnel . So it was an amazing 
thing for both Moses and his (servant) boy. They proceeded for 
the rest of that night and the following day. When the day 
broke, Moses said to his (servant) boy: "Bring us our early 
meal. No doubt, we have suffered much fatigue in this 



journey. " Moses did not get tired till he passed the place 
about which he was told. There the (servant) boy told Moses, 

"Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock, I 
indeed forgot the fish. " Moses remarked, "That is what we have 
been seeking. So they went back retracing their footsteps, 
till they reached the rock. There they saw a man covered with 
a garment (or covering himself with his own garment) . Moses 
greeted him. Al-Khadir replied saying, "How do people greet 
each other in your land?" Moses said, "I am Moses. " He asked, 

"The Moses of Bani Israel?" Moses replied in the affirmative 
and added, "May I follow you so that you teach me of that 
knowledge which you have been taught . " Al-Khadir replied, 

"Verily! You will not be able to remain patient with me, O 
Moses! I have some of the knowledge of Allah which He has 
taught me and which you do not know, while you have some 
knowledge which Allah has taught you which I do not know. " 
Moses said, "Allah willing, you will find me patient and I 
will disobey no order of yours. So both of them set out 
walking along the seashore, as they did not have a boat . In 
the meantime a boat passed by them and they requested the crew 
of the boat to take them on board. The crew recognized 
Al-Khadir and took them on board without fare. Then a sparrow 
came and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak 
once or twice in the sea. Al-Khadir said: "O Moses! My 
knowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allah's 
knowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased the 
water of the sea with its beak. " Al-Khadir went to one of the 
planks of the boat and plucked it out. Moses said, "These 
people gave us a free lift but you have broken their boat and 
scuttled it so as to drown its people. " Al-Khadir replied, 

"Didn't I tell you that you will not be able to remain patient 
with me. " Moses said, "Call me not to account for what I 
forgot . " The first (excuse) of Moses was that he had 
forgotten. Then they proceeded further and found a boy playing 
with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of the boy's head from 
the top and plucked it out with his hands (i.e. killed him) . 
Moses said, "Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed 
none. " Al-Khadir replied, "Did I not tell you that you cannot 



remain patient with me?" Then they both proceeded till when 
they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, 
but they refused to entertain them. Then they found there a 
wall on the point of collapsing. Al-Khadir repaired it with 
his own hands. Moses said, "If you had wished, surely you 
could have taken wages for it. " Al-Khadir replied, "This is 
the parting between you and me. " The Prophet added, "May Allah 
be Merciful to Moses! Would that he could have been more 
patient to learn more about his story with Al-Khadir. " 
1.125: 

Narrated Abu Musa: A man came to the Prophet and asked, "O 
Allah's Apostle! What kind of fighting is in Allah's cause? (I 
ask this) , for some of us fight because of being enraged and 
angry and some for the sake of his pride and haughtiness . " The 
Prophet raised his head (as the questioner was standing) and 
said, "He who fights so that Allah's Word (Islam) should be 
superior, then he fights in Allah's cause." 
1.126: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Ammar: I saw the Prophet near the 
Jamra and the people were asking him questions (about 
religious problems) . A man asked, "O Allah's Apostle! I have 
slaughtered the Hadi (animal) before doing the Rami . " The 
Prophet replied, "Do the Rami (now) and there is no harm. " 
Another person asked, "O Allah's Apostle! I got my head shaved 
before slaughtering the animal . " The Prophet replied, "Do the 
slaughtering (now) and there is no harm. " So on that day, when 
the Prophet was asked about anything as regards the ceremonies 
of Hajj performed before or after its due time his reply was, 
"Do it (now) and there is no harm. " 
1.127: 

Narrated "Abdullah: While I was going with the Prophet through 
the ruins of Medina and he was reclining on a date-palm leaf 
stalk, some Jews passed by. Some of them said to the others: 
Ask him (the Prophet) about the spirit . Some of them said that 
they should not ask him that question as he might give a reply 
which would displease them. But some of them insisted on 
asking, and so one of them stood up and asked, "O Abul-Qasim ! 
What is the spirit?" The Prophet remained quiet. I thought he 



was being inspired Divinely. So I stayed till that state of 
the Prophet (while being inspired) was over. The Prophet then 
said, "And they ask you (O Muhammad) concerning the spirit 
— Say: The spirit — its knowledge is with my Lord. And of 
knowledge you (mankind) have been given only a little) . " 
(17.85) 
1.128: 

Narrated Aswad: 

Ibn Az-Zubair said to me, "Aisha used to tell you secretly a 
number of things. What did she tell you about the Ka^ba?" I 
replied, "She told me that once the Prophet said, 'O x Aisha! 
Had not your people been still close to the pre-Islamic period 
of ignorance (infidelity) ! I would have dismantled the Ka*ba 
and would have made two doors in it; one for entrance and the 
other for exit. " Later on Ibn Az-Zubair did the same. 
1.129: 

Narrated Abu at-Tufail: The above mentioned Statement of *Ali. 
1.130: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: "Once Mu*adh was along with Allah's 
Apostle as a companion rider. Allah's Apostle said, "O Mu" adh 
bin Jabal . " Mu" adh replied, "Labbaik and Sa"daik. O Allah's 
Apostle!" Again the Prophet said, "O Mu" adh! " Mu" adh said 
thrice, "Labbaik and Sa^daik, O Allah's Apostle! " Allah's 
Apostle said, "There is none who testifies sincerely that none 
has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is his 
Apostle, except that Allah, will save him from the Hell- fire. " 
Mu*adh said, "O Allah's Apostle ! Should I not inform the 
people about it so that they may have glad tidings?" He 
replied, "When the people hear about it, they will solely 
depend on it." Then Mu^adh narrated the above-mentioned Hadith 
just before his death, being afraid of committing sin (by not 
telling the knowledge) . 
1.131: 

Narrated Anas: 

I was informed that the Prophet had said to Mu*adh, "Whosoever 
will meet Allah without associating anything in worship with 
Him will go to Paradise." Mu" adh asked the Prophet, "Should I 
not inform the people of this good news?" The Prophet replied, 



"No, I am afraid, lest they should depend upon it 

(absolutely) . 

1.132: 

Narrated Urn Salama: Um-Sulaim came to Allah's Apostle and 

said, "Verily, Allah is not shy of (telling you) the truth. Is 

it necessary for a woman to take a bath after she has a wet 

dream (nocturnal sexual discharge?) The Prophet replied, "Yes, 

if she notices a discharge. " Urn Salama, then covered her face 

and asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Does a woman get a discharge?" 

He replied, "Yes, let your right hand be in dust (An Arabic 

expression you say to a person when you contradict his 

statement meaning "you will not achieve goodness ") , and that 

is why the son resembles his mother. " 

1.133: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Once Allah's Apostle said, 

"Amongst the trees there is a tree, the leaves of which do not 
fall and is like a Muslim, tell me the name of that tree. " 
Everybody started thinking about the trees of the desert areas 
and I thought of the date-palm tree but felt shy (to answer) . 
The others asked, "O Allah's Apostle! inform us of it. " He 
replied, "it is the date-palm tree. " I told my father what had 
come to my mind and on that he said, "Had you said it I would 
have preferred it to such and such a thing that I might 
possess. " 
1.134: 

Narrated ^Ali : 

I used to get the menstrual urethral discharge frequently so I 
requested Al-Miqdad to ask the Prophet about it. Al-Miqdad 
asked him and he replied, "One has to perform ablution (after 
it) . " (See Hadith No. 269) . 
1.135: 
Narrated Nafi " : 

"Abdullah bin "Umar said: "A man got up in the mosque and 
said: O Allah's Apostle 'At which place you order us that we 
should assume the Ihram? ' Allah's Apostle replied, 'The 
residents of Medina should assure the Ihram from Dhil-Hulaifa, 
the people of Syria from Al-Juhfa and the people of Najd from 
Qarn. " Ibn *Umar further said, "The people consider that 



Allah's Apostle had also said, 'The residents of Yemen should 
assume Ihram from Yalamlam. ' " Ibn *Umar used to say, "I do 
not: remember whether Allah's Apostle had said the last 
statement or not?" 
1.136: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: A man asked the Prophet : "What (kinds of 
clothes) should a Muhrlm (a Muslim Intending to perform "Umra 
or Hajj) wear? He replied, "He should not wear a shirt, a 
turban, trousers, a head cloak or garment scented with saffron 
or Wars (kinds of perfumes) . And If he has no slippers, then 
he can use Khuffs (socks made from thick fabric or leather) 
but the socks should be cut short so as to make the ankles 
bare." (See Hadith No. 615, Vol. 2). 



Bk. 4: Ablutions (WudV) 



1.137: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The prayer of a 
person who does Hadath (passes urine, stool or wind) is not 
accepted till he performs the ablution . " A person from 
Hadaramout asked Abu Huraira, "What is 'Hadath'?" Abu Huraira 
replied, " 'Hadath ' means the passing of wind. " 
1.138: 

Narrated Nu^am Al-Mujmir: Once I went up the roof of the 
mosque, along with Abu Huraira. He perform ablution and said, 
"I heard the Prophet saying, "On the Day of Resurrection, my 
followers will be called "Al-Ghurr-ul-Muhajjalun" from the 
trace of ablution and whoever can increase the area of his 
radiance should do so (i.e. by performing ablution 
regularly) . ' " 
1.139: 

Narrated "Abbas bin Tamim: My uncle asked Allah's Apostle 
about a person who imagined to have passed wind during the 
prayer . Allah ' Apostle replied: "He should not leave his 
prayers unless he hears sound or smells something . " 
1.140: 



Narrated Kuraib: 

Ibn N Abbas said, "The Prophet slept till he snored and then 
prayed (or probably lay till his breath sounds were heard and 
then got up and prayed) . " Ibn " Abbas added: "I stayed 
overnight in the house of my aunt, Maimuna, the Prophet slept 
for a part of the night, (See Fath-al-Bari page 249, Vol. 1) , 
and late in the night, he got up and performed ablution from a 
hanging water skin, a light (perfect) ablution and stood up 
for the prayer. I, too, performed a similar ablution, then I 
went and stood on his left . He drew me to his right and prayed 
as much as Allah wished, and again lay and slept till his 
breath sounds were heard. Later on the Mu'adh-dhin (call maker 
for the prayer) came to him and informed him that it was time 
for Prayer. The Prophet went with him for the prayer without 
performing a new ablution. " (Sufyan said to *Amr that some 
people said, "The eyes of Allah's Apostle sleep but his heart 
does not sleep. " "Amr replied, "I heard ^Ubaid bin "Umar 
saying that the dreams of Prophets were Divine Inspiration, 
and then he recited the verse: 'I (Abraham) see in a dream, (O 
my son) that I offer you in sacrifice (to Allah)." (37.102) 

(See Hadith No. 183) 

1.141: 

Narrated Usama bin Zaid: Allah's Apostle proceeded from 

^Arafat till when he reached the mountain pass, he dismounted, 
urinated and then performed ablution but not a perfect one. I 
said to him, ("Is it the time for) the prayer, O Allah's 
Apostle?" He said, "The (place of) prayer is ahead of you. " He 
rode till when he reached Al-Muzdalifa, he dismounted and 
performed ablution and a perfect one, The (call for) Iqama was 
pronounced and he led the Maghrib prayer. Then everybody made 
his camel kneel down at its place. Then the Iqama was 
pronounced for the x Jsha' prayer which the Prophet led and no 
prayer was offered in between the two . prayers ("Isha' and 
Maghrib) . 
1.142: 

Narrated ^Ata ' bin Yasar: Ibn x Abbas performed ablution and 
washed his face (in the following way) : He ladled out a 
handful of water, rinsed his mouth and washed his nose with it 



by putting in water and then blowing it out . He then, took 
another handful (of water) and did like this (gesturing) 
joining both hands, and washed his face, took another handful 
of water and washed his right forearm. He again took another 
handful of water and washed his left forearm, and passed wet 
hands over his head and took another handful of water and 
poured it over his right foot (up to his ankles) and washed it 
thoroughly and similarly took another handful of water and 
washed thoroughly his left foot (up to the ankles) and said, 

"I saw Allah's Apostle performing ablution in this way. " 

1.143: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet said, "If anyone of you on 

having sexual relations with his wife said (and he must say it 

before starting) 'In the name of Allah. O Allah! Protect us 

from Satan and also protect what you bestow upon us (i.e. the 

coming offspring) from Satan, and if it is destined that they 

should have a child then, Satan will never be able to harm 

that offspring. " 

1.144: 

Narrated Anas: 

Whenever the Prophet went to answer the call of nature, he 

used to say, "Allah-umma inni a^udhu bika minal khubuthi wal 

khaba'ith i.e. O Allah, I seek Refuge with You from all 

offensive and wicked things (evil deeds and evil spirits) . 

1.145: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Once the Prophet entered a lavatory and I 

placed water for his ablution. He asked, "Who placed it?" He 

was informed accordingly and so he said, "O Allah! Make him 

(Ibn x Abbas) a learned scholar in religion (Islam) . 

1.146: 

Narrated Abu Aiyub Al-Ansari: Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone 

of you goes to an open space for answering the call of nature 

he should neither face nor turn his back towards the Qibla; he 

should either face the east or the west . " 

1.147: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: People say, "Whenever you sit 

for answering the call of nature, you should not face the 

Qibla or Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) . " I told them. "Once I went 



up the roof of our house and I saw Allah ' s Apostle answering 
the call of nature while sitting on two bricks facing 
Baitul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) (but there was a screen covering 
him. ' (Fath-al-Bari, Page 258, Vol. 1) . 
1.148: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The wives of the Prophet used to go to Al-Manasi, a vast open 
place (near Baqi x at Medina) to answer the call of nature at 
night. ^Urnar used to say to the Prophet "Let your wives be 
veiled, " but Allah's Apostle did not do so. One night Sauda 
bint Zam" a the wife of the Prophet went out at "Isha' time and 
she was a tall lady. ^Urnar addressed her and said, "I have 
recognized you, O Sauda. " He said so, as he desired eagerly 
that the verses of Al-Hijab (the observing of veils by the 
Muslim women) may be revealed. So Allah revealed the verses of 
"Al-Hijab" (A complete body cover excluding the eyes) . 
1.149: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet said to his wives, "You are allowed to go out to 
answer the call of nature. " 
1.150: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin ^Umar: I went up to the roof of Hafsa's 
house for some job and I saw Allah's Apostle answering the 
call of nature facing Sham (Syria, Jordan, Palestine and 
Lebanon regarded as one country) with his back towards the 
Qibla. (See Hadith No. 147). 
1.151: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Once I went up the roof of our 
house and saw Allah ' s Apostle answering the call of nature 
while sitting over two bricks facing Baitul-Maqdis 
(Jerusalem). (See Hadith No. 147). 
1.152: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Whenever Allah's Apostle went to 
answer the call of nature, I along with another boy used to 
accompany him with a tumbler full of water. (Hisham commented, 
"So that he might wash his private parts with it . ) " 
1.153: 
Narrated Anas: 



Whenever Allah's Apostle went to answer the call of nature, I 

along with another boy from us used to go behind him with a 

tumbler full of water. 

1.154: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Whenever Allah's Apostle went to 

answer the call of nature, I along with another boy used to 

carry a tumbler full of water (for cleaning the private parts) 

and a short spear (or stick) . 

1.155: 

Narrated Abu Qatada: Allah's Apostle said, "Whenever anyone of 

you drinks water, he should not breathe in the drinking 

utensil, and whenever anyone of you goes to a lavatory , he 

should neither touch his penis nor clean his private parts 

with his right hand. " 

1.156: 

Narrated Abu Qatada : The Prophet said, "Whenever anyone of you 

makes water he should not hold his penis or clean his private 

parts with his right hand. (And while drinking) one should not 

breathe in the drinking utensil . " 

1.157: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I followed the Prophet while he was 

going out to answer the call of nature. He used not to look 

this way or that. So, when I approached near him he said to 

me, "Fetch for me some stones for ' cleaning the privates 

parts (or said something similar) , and do not bring a bone or 

a piece of dung. " So I brought the stones in the corner of my 

garment and placed them by his side and I then went away from 

him. When he finished (from answering the call of nature) he 

used, them . 

1.158: 

Narrated x Abdullah: The Prophet went out to answer the call of 

nature and asked me to bring three stones. I found two stones 

and searched for the third but could not find it . So took a 

dried piece of dung and brought it to him. He took the two 

stones and threw away the dung and said, "This is a filthy 

thing. " 

1.159: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet performed ablution by washing 



the body parts only once. 

1.160: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Zald: The Prophet performed ablution by 

washing the body parts twice. 

1.161: 

Narrated Humran: 

(the slave of "Uthman) I saw "Uthman bin ^Affan asking for a 
tumbler of water (and when It was brought) he poured water 
over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right 
hand In the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed his 
nose by putting water In It and then blowing It out . then he 
washed his face and forearms up to the elbows thrice, passed 
his wet hands over his head and washed his feet up to the 
ankles thrice. Then he said, "Allah's Apostle said 'If anyone 
Performs ablution like that of mine and offers a two-rak* at 
prayer during which he does not think of anything else (not 
related to the present prayer) then his past sins will be 
forgiven. ' " After performing the ablution ^Uthman said, "I am 
going to tell you a Hadlth which I would not have told you, 
had I not been compelled by a certain Holy Verse (the sub 
narrator "Urwa said: This verse Is: "Verily, those who conceal 
the clear signs and the guidance which we have sent down...)" 

(2:159) . I heard the Prophet saying, 'If a man performs 
ablution perfectly and then offers the compulsory 
congregational prayer, Allah will forgive his sins committed 
between that (prayer) and the (next) prayer till he offers It. 
1.162: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: The Prophet said, "Whoever performs 
ablution should clean his nose with water by putting the water 
In It and then blowing It out, and whoever cleans his private 
parts with stones should do It with odd number of stones. " 
1.163: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you 
performs ablution he should put water In his nose and then 
blow It out and whoever cleans his private parts with stones 
should do so with odd numbers. And whoever wakes up from his 
sleep should wash his hands before putting them In the water 
for ablution, because nobody knows where his hands were during 



sleep. " 
1.164: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Amr: The Prophet remained behind us on 
a journey. He joined us while we were performing ablution for 
the "Asr prayer which was overdue and we were just passing wet 
hands over our feet (not washing them thoroughly) so he 
addressed us In a loud voice saying twice , "Save your heels 
from the fire. " 
1.165: 

Narrated Humran: 

(the freed slave of "Uthman bin "Affan) I saw "Uthman bin 
"Affan asking (for a tumbler of water) to perform ablution 
(and when It was brought) he poured water from It over his 
hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand In 
the water container and rinsed his mouth and washed his nose 
by putting water In It and then blowing It out . Then he washed 
his face thrice and (then) forearms up to the elbows thrice, 
then passed his wet hands over his head and then washed each 
foot thrice. After that "Uthman said, "I saw the Prophet 
performing ablution like this of mine, and he said, 'If anyone 
performs ablution like that of mine and offers a two-rak" at 
prayer during which he does not think of anything else (not 
related to the present prayer) then his past sins will be 
forgiven. ' 
1.166: 

Narrated Muhammad Ibn Zlyad: I heard Abu Huralra saying as he 
passed by us while the people were performing ablution from a 
utensil containing water, "Perform ablution perfectly and 
thoroughly for Abul-Qaslm (the Prophet) said, 'Save your heels 
from the Hell- fire. ' " 
1.167: 

Narrated "Ubald Ibn Jural j: I asked "Abdullah bin "Umar, "O 
Abu " Abdur-Rahman ! I saw you doing four things which I never 
saw being done by anyone of you companions?" "Abdullah bin 
"Umar said, "What are those, O Ibn Jural j?" I said, "I never 
saw you touching any corner of the Ka"ba except these (two) 
facing south (Yemen) and I saw you wearing shoes made of 
tanned leather and dyeing your hair with Hlnna (a kind of red 



dye) . I also noticed that whenever you were in Mecca, the 

people assume Ihram on seeing the new moon crescent (1st of 

Dhul-Hijja) while you did not assume the Ihlal (Ihram) - (Ihram 

is also called Ihlal which means 'Loud calling' because a 

Muhrim has to recite Talbiya aloud when assuming the state of 

Ihram) - till the 8th of Dhul-Hijja (Day of Tarwiya) . 

^Abdullah replied, "Regarding the corners of Ka x Jba, I never 

saw Allah's Apostle touching except those facing south (Yemen) 

and regarding the tanned leather shoes, no doubt I saw Allah's 

Apostle wearing non-hairy shoes and he used to perform 

ablution while wearing the shoes (i.e. wash his feet and then 

put on the shoes) . So I love to wear similar shoes. And about 

the dyeing of hair with Hinna; no doubt I saw Allah's Apostle 

dyeing his hair with it and that is why I like to dye (my hair 

with it). Regarding Ihlal, I did not see Allah's Apostle 

assuming Ihlal till he set out for Hajj (on the 8th of 

Dhul-Hijja) . 

1.168: 

Narrated Um-^Atiya: That the Prophet at the time of washing 

his deceased daughter had said to them, "Start from the right 

side beginning with those parts which are washed in ablution." 

1.169: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet used to like to start from the right side on 

wearing shoes, combing his hair and cleaning or washing 

himself and on doing anything else. 

1.170: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: saw Allah's Apostle when the *Asr 

prayer was due and the people searched for water to perform 

ablution but they could not find it . Later on (a pot full of) 

water for ablution was brought to Allah's Apostle . He put his 

hand in that pot and ordered the people to perform ablution 

from it . I saw the water springing out from underneath his 

fingers till all of them performed the ablution (it was one of 

the miracles of the Prophet) . 

1.171: 

Narrated Ibn Seereen: I said to ^Abida, "I have some of the 

hair of the Prophet which I got from Anas or from his family. " 



^Abida replied. "No doubt if I had a single hair of that it 

would have been dearer to me than the whole world and whatever 

is in it. " 

1.172: 

Narrated Anas: 

When Allah's Apostle got his head shaved, Abu- Talha was the 

first to take some of his hair. 

1.173: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If a dog drinks 

from the utensil of anyone of you it is essential to wash it 

seven times. " 

1.174: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "A man saw a dog 

eating mud from (the severity of) thirst . So, that man took a 

shoe (and filled it) with water and kept on pouring the water 

for the dog till it quenched its thirst . So Allah approved of 

his deed and made him to enter Paradise . " And narrated Hamza 

bin ^Abdullah: My father said. "During the lifetime of Allah's 

Apostle, the dogs used to urinate, and pass through the 

mosques (come and go) , nevertheless they never used to 

sprinkle water on it (urine of the dog.)" 

1.175: 

Narrated *Adi bin Hatim: I asked the Prophet (about the 

hunting dogs) and he replied, "If you let loose (with Allah's 

name) your tamed dog after a game and it hunts it, you may eat 

it, but if the dog eats of (that game) then do not eat it 

because the dog has hunted it for itself. " I further said, 

"Sometimes I send my dog for hunting and find another dog with 

it . He said, "Do not eat the game for you have mentioned 

Allah's name only on sending your dog and not the other dog. " 

1.176: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "A person is 

considered in prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer 

in the mosque as long as he does not do Hadath. " A non-Arab 

man asked, "O Abu Huraira! What is Hadath?" I replied, "It is 

the passing of wind (from the anus) (that is one of the types 

of Hadath) . 

1.177: 



Narrated " Abbas bin Tamim: My uncle said: The Prophet said, 

"One should not leave his prayer unless he hears sound or 

smells something . " 

1.178: 

Narrated "All : 

I used to get emotional urethral discharges frequently and 

felt shy to ask Allah's Apostle about it. So I requested 

Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad to ask (the Prophet ) about it. 

Al-Miqdad asked him and he replied, "On has to perform 

ablution (after it) . 

1.179: 

Narrated Zaid bin Khalid: I asked ^Uthman bin ^Affan about a 

person who engaged in intercourse but did no discharge. 

^Uthman replied, "He should perform ablution like the one for 
an ordinary prayer but he must wash his penis. " ^Uthman added, 

"I heard it from Allah's Apostle." I asked *Ali Az-Zubair, 
Talha and Ubai bin Ka x Jb about it and they, too, gave the same 
reply. (This order was canceled later on and taking a bath 
became necessary for such cases) . 
1.180: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle sent for a 
Ansari man who came with water dropping from his head. The 
Prophet said, "Perhaps we have forced you to hurry up, haven 't 
we?" The Ansari replied, "Yes." Allah's Apostle further said, 

"If you are forced to hurry up (during intercourse) or you do 

not discharge then ablution is due on you (This order was 

canceled later on, i.e. one has to take a bath). 

1.181: 

Narrated Usama bin Zaid: "When Allah ' s Apostle departed from 

^Arafat, he turned towards a mountain pass where he answered 
the call of nature. (After he had finished) I poured water and 
he performed ablution and then I said to him, "O Allah's 
Apostle! Will you offer the prayer?" He replied, "The Musalla 

(place of the prayer) is ahead of you (in Al-Muzdalifa) . 

1.182: 

Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu^ba: I was in the company of 

Allah's Apostle on one of the journeys and he went out to 

answer the call of nature (and after he finished) I poured 



water and he performed ablution; he washed his face, forearms 
and passed his wet hand over his head and over the two Khuff 

(socks made from thick fabric or leather) . 
1.183: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Abbas: That he stayed overnight in the 
house of Maimuna the wife of the Prophet, his aunt. He added : 
I lay on the bed (cushion transver sally) while Allah ' s Apostle 
and his wife lay in the lengthwise direction of the cushion. 
Allah's Apostle slept till the middle of the night, either a 
bit before or a bit after it and then woke up, rubbing the 
traces of sleep off his face with his hands. He then, recited 
the last ten verses of Sura A1-" Imran, got up and went to a 
hanging water-skin. He then Performed the ablution from it and 
it was a perfect ablution, and then stood up to offer the 
prayer. I, too, got up and did as the Prophet had done. Then I 
went and stood by his side. He placed his right hand on my 
head and caught my right ear and twisted it . He prayed two 
rak" at then two rak" at and two rak" at and then two rak" at and 
then two rak" at and then two rak" at (separately six times), 
and finally one rak" a (the witr) . Then he lay down again in 
the bed till the Mu ' adh-dhin came to him where upon the 
Prophet got up, offered a two light rak" at prayer and went out 
and led the Fajr prayer. 
1.184: 

Narrated Asma ' bint Abu Bakr: I came to "Aisha the wife of the 
Prophet during the solar eclipse. The people were standing and 
offering the prayer and she was also praying. I asked her, 

"What is wrong with the people?" She beckoned with her hand 
towards the sky and said, "Subhan Allah. " I asked her, "Is 
there a sign?" She pointed out, "Yes. " So I, too, stood for 
the prayer till I fell unconscious and later on I poured water 
on my head. After the prayer, Allah's Apostle praised and 
glorified Allah and said, "Just now I have seen something 
which I never saw before at this place of mine, including 
Paradise and Hell . I have been inspired (and have understood) 
that you will be put to trials in your graves and these trials 
will be like the trials of Ad-Dajjal, or nearly like it (the 
sub narrator is not sure of what Asma ' said) . Angels will come 



to every one of you and ask, 'What do you know about this 
man?' A believer will reply, 'He is Muhammad, Allah's Apostle 
, and he came to us with self-evident truth and guidance. So 
we accepted his teaching, believed and followed him. ' Then the 
angels will say to him to sleep in peace as they have come to 
know that he was a believer . On the other hand a hypocrite or 
a doubtful person will reply, 'I do not know but heard the 
people saying something and so I said the same. ' " 
1.185: 

Narrated Yahya Al-Mazini: A person asked ^Abdullah bin Zaid 
who was the grandfather of ^Amr bin Yahya, "Can you show me 
how Allah's Apostle used to perform ablution?" ^Abdullah bin 
Zaid replied in the affirmative and asked for water. He poured 
it on his hands and washed them twice, then he rinsed his 
mouth thrice and washed his nose with water thrice by putting 
water in it and blowing it out . He washed his face thrice and 
after that he washed his forearms up to the elbows twice and 
then passed his wet hands over his head from its front to its 
back and vice versa (beginning from the front and taking them 
to the back of his head up to the nape of the neck and then 
brought them to the front again from where he had started) and 
washed his feet (up to the ankles) . 
1.186: 

Na rra ted x Amr : 

My father saw *Amr bin Abi Hasan asking ^Abdullah bin Zaid 
about the ablution of the Prophet. " Abdullah bin Zaid asked 
for earthenware pot containing water and in front of them 
performed ablution like that of the Prophet . He poured water 
from the pot over his hand and washed his hands thrice and 
then he put his hands in the pot and rinsed his mouth and 
washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out 
with three handfuls of water. Again he put his hand in the 
water and washed his face thrice and washed his forearms up to 
the elbows twice; and then put his hands in the water and then 
passed them over his head by bringing them to the front and 
then to the rear of the head once, and then he washed his feet 
up to the ankles. 
1.187: 



Narrated Abu Juhaifa: Allah's Apostle came to us at noon and 
water for ablution was brought to him. After he had performed 
ablution, the remaining water was taken by the people and they 
started smearing their bodies with it (as a blessed thing) . 
The Prophet offered two rak"at of the Zuhr prayer and then two 
rak^at of the *Asr prayer while a short spear (or stick) was 
there (as a Sutra) in front of him. Abu Musa said: The Prophet 
asked for a tumbler containing water and washed both his hands 
and face in it and then threw a mouthful of water in the 
tumbler and said to both of us (Abu Musa and Bilal) , "Drink 
from the tumbler and pour some of its water on your faces and 
chests. " 
1.188: 

Narrated Ibn Shihab: Mahmud bin Ar-Rabi^ who was the person on 
whose face the Prophet had ejected a mouthful of water from 
his family's well while he was a boy, and % Urwa (on the 
authority of Al-Miswar and others) who testified each other, 
said, "Whenever the Prophet , performed ablution, his 
companions were nearly fighting for the remains of the water. " 
1.189: 

Narrated As-Sa ' ib bin Yazid: My aunt took me to the Prophet 
and said, "O Allah's Apostle! This son of my sister has got a 
disease in his legs. " So he passed his hands on my head and 
prayed for Allah's blessings for me; then he performed 
ablution and I drank from the remaining water. I stood behind 
him and saw the seal of Prophethood between his shoulders, and 
it was like the "Zir-al-Hijla" (means the button of a small 
tent, but some said 'egg of a partridge. ' etc.) 
1.190: 
Narrated "Amr bin Yahya: (on the authority of his father) 

^Abdullah bin Zaid poured water on his hands from a utensil 
containing water and washed them and then with one handful of 
water he rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose by putting 
water in it and then blowing it out. He repeated it thrice. 
He, then, washed his hands and forearms up to the elbows twice 
and passed wet hands over his head, both forwards and 
backwards , and washed his feet up to the ankles and said, 

"This is the ablution of Allah's Apostle." 



1.191: 

Narrated ^Amr bin Yahya: My father said, "I saw "Amr bin Abi 
Hasan asking ^Abdullah bin Zaid about the ablution of the 
Prophet . ^Abdullah bin Zaid asked for an earthenware pot 
containing water and performed ablution in front of them. He 
poured water over his hands and washed them thrice. Then he 
put his (right) hand in the pot and rinsed his mouth and 
washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out 
thrice with three handfuls of water Again he put his hand in 
the water and washed his face thrice. After that he put his 
hand in the pot and washed his forearms up to the elbows twice 
and then again put his hand in the water and passed wet hands 
over his head by bringing them to the front and then to the 
back and once more he put his hand in the pot and washed his 
feet (up to the ankles.)" 
1.192: 

Narrated Wuhaib: 

That he (the Prophet in narration 191 above) had passed his 
wet hands on the head once only. 
1.193: 

Narrated Jabir: 

Allah's Apostle came to visit me while I was sick and 
unconscious . He performed ablution and sprinkled the remaining 
water on me and I became conscious and said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! To whom will my inheritance go as I have neither 
ascendants nor descendants?" Then the Divine verses regarding 
Fara 'id (inheritance) were revealed . 
1.194: 

Narrated Anas: 

It was the time for prayer, and those whose houses were near 
got up and went to their people (to perform ablution) , and 
there remained some people (sitting) . Then a painted stove pot 
(Mikhdab) containing water was brought to Allah's Apostles The 
pot was small, not broad enough for one to spread one's hand 
in; yet all the people performed ablution. (The sub narrator 
said, "We asked Anas, 'How many persons were you?' Anas 
replied 'We were eighty or more") . (It was one of the miracles 
of Allah's Apostle) . 



1.195: 

Narrated Abu Musa : Once the Prophet asked for a tumbler 

containing water. He washed his hands and face in it and also 

threw a mouthful of water in it . 

1.196: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Zaid: Once Allah's Apostle came to us 

and we brought out water for him in a brass pot . He performed 

ablution thus: He washed his face thrice, and his forearms to 

the elbows twice, then passed his wet hands lightly over the 

head from front to rear and brought them to front again and 

washed his feet (up to the ankles) . 

1.197: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

When the ailment of the Prophet became aggravated and his 

disease became severe, he asked his wives to permit him to be 

nursed (treated) in my house. So they gave him the permission. 

Then the Prophet came (to my house) with the support of two 

men, and his legs were dragging on the ground, between " Abbas, 

and another man. " ' Ubaidullah (the sub narrator) said, "I 

informed x Abdullah bin " Abbas of what * Aisha said. Ibn " Abbas 

said: 'Do you know who was the other man?' I replied in the 

negative . Ibn " Abbas said, 'He was *Ali (bin Abi Talib) . " 

* Aisha further said, "When the Prophet came to my house and 
his sickness became aggravated he ordered us to pour seven 
skins full of water on him, so that he might give some advice 
to the people. So he was seated in a Mikhdab (brass tub) 
belonging to Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet. Then, all of us 
started pouring water on him from the water skins till he 
beckoned to us to stop and that we have done (what he wanted 
us to do) . After that he went out to the people. " 
1.198: 

Narrated "Amr bin Yahya: (on the authority of his father) My 
uncle used to perform ablution extravagantly and once he asked 

"Abdullah bin Zaid to tell him how he had seen the Prophet 
performing ablution. He asked for an earthenware pot 
containing water, and poured water from it on his hands and 
washed them thrice, and then put his hand in the earthenware 
pot and rinsed his mouth and washed his nose by putting water 



in it and then blowing it Out thrice with one handful of 
water; he again put his hand in the water and took a handful 
of water and washed his face thrice, then washed his hands up 
to the elbows twice, and took water with his hand, and passed 
it over his head from front to back and then from back to 
front, and then washed his feet (up to the ankles) and said, 

"I saw the Prophet performing ablution in that way. " 

1.199: 

Narrated Thabit : 

Anas said, "The Prophet asked for water and a tumbler with a 

broad base and no so deep, containing a small quantity of 

water, was brought to him whereby he put his fingers in it . " 

Anas further said, ' noticed the water springing out from 

amongst his fingers. " Anas added, ' estimated that the people 

who performed ablution with it numbered between seventy to 

eighty. " 

1.200: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet used to take a bath with one Sa " up to five Mudds 

(1 Sa* = [??] Mudds) of water and used to perform ablution 

with one Mudd of water. 

1 . 201 : 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Urnar: Sa^d bin Abi Waqqas said, "The 

Prophet passed wet hands over his Khuffs (socks made from 

thick fabric or leather) . " x Abdullah bin "Umar asked ^Umar 

about it. "Umar replied in the affirmative and added, 

"Whenever Sa^d narrates a Hadith from the Prophet, there is no 

need to ask anyone else about it . " 

1.202: 

Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu"ba: Once Allah's Apostle went out 

to answer the call of nature and I followed him with a tumbler 

containing water, and when he finished, I poured water and he 

performed ablution and passed wet hands over his Khuffs (socks 

made from thick fabric or leather) . 

1.203: 

Narrated Ja x far bin *Amr bin Umaiya Ad-Damri: My father said, 

"I saw the Prophet passing wet hands over his Khuffs (socks 
made from thick fabric or leather) . " 



1 . 204 : 

Narrated Ja x far bin "Amr: My father said, "I saw the Prophet 

passing wet hands over his turban and Khuffs (socks made from 

thick fabric or leather) . 

1.205: 

Narrated ^Urwa bin Al-Mughira: My father said, "Once I was in 

the company of the Prophet on a journey and I dashed to take 

off his Khuffs (socks made from thick fabric or leather) . He 

ordered me to leave them as he had put them after performing 

ablution. So he passed wet hands or them. 

1.206: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin " Abbas: Allah's Apostle ate a piece of 

cooked mutton from the shoulder region and prayed without 

repeating ablution. 

1.207: 

Narrated Ja^ far bin "Amr bin Umaiya: My father said, "I saw 

Allah's Apostle taking a piece of (cooked) mutton from the 

shoulder region and then he was called for prayer. He put his 

knife down and prayed without repeating ablution. " 

1.208: 

Narrated Suwaid bin Al-Nu % man: In the year of the conquest of 

Khaibar I went with Allah's Apostle till we reached Sahba, a 

place near Khaibar, where Allah's Apostle offered the *Asr 

prayer and asked for food. Nothing but Sawrq [??] was brought. 

He ordered it to be moistened with water. He and all of us ate 

it and the Prophet got up for the evening prayer (Maghrib 

prayer) , rinsed his mouth with water and we did the same, and 

he then prayed without repeating the ablution. 

1.209: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

The Prophet ate (a piece of) mutton from the shoulder region 

and then prayed without repeating the ablution. 

1.210: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Allah's Apostle drank milk, rinsed his 

mouth and said, "It has fat . " 

1.211: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you feels drowsy while 



praying he should go to bed (sleep) till his slumber is over 
because in praying while drowsy one does not know whether one 
is asking for forgiveness or for a bad thing for oneself. " 
1 . 212 : 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "If anyone of you feels drowsy while 
praying, he should sleep till he understands what he is saying 
(reciting) . 
1.213: 

Narrated ^Amr bin ^Amir: Anas said, "The Prophet used to 
perform ablution for every prayer. " I asked Anas, "What you 
used to do?' Anas replied, "We used to pray with the same 
ablution until we break it with Hadath. " 
1.214: 

Narrated Suwaid bin Nu^man: In the year of the conquest of 
Khaibar I went with Allah's Apostle till we reached As-Sahba' 
where Allah ' s Apostle led the *Asr prayer and asked for the 
food. Nothing but Sawiq [??] was brought and we ate it and 
drank (water) . The Prophet got up for the (Maghrib) Prayer, 
rinsed his mouth with water and then led the prayer without 
repeating the ablution. 
1.215: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Once the Prophet, while passing through 
one of the graveyards of Medina or Mecca heard the voices of 
two persons who were being tortured in their graves. The 
Prophet said, "These two persons are being tortured not for a 
major sin (to avoid) . " The Prophet then added, "Yes! (they are 
being tortured for a major sin) . Indeed, one of them never 
saved himself from being soiled with his urine while the other 
used to go about with calumnies (to make enmity between 
friends) . The Prophet then asked for a green leaf of a 
date-palm tree, broke it into two pieces and put one on each 
grave. On being asked why he had done so, he replied, "I hope 
that their torture might be lessened, till these get dried. " 
1.216: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Whenever the Prophet went to answer 
the call of nature, I used to bring water with which he used 
to clean his private parts. 



1.217: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: The Prophet once passed by two graves and 
said, "These two persons are being tortured not for a major 
sin (to avoid) . One of them never saved himself from being 
soiled with his urine, while the other used to go about with 
calumnies (to make enmity between friends) . " The Prophet then 
took a green leaf of a date-palm tree, split it into (pieces) 
and fixed one on each grave. They said, "O Allah's Apostle! 
Why have you done so?" He replied, "I hope that their 
punishment might be lessened till these (the pieces of the 
leaf) become dry. " (See the footnote of Hadith 215) . 
1.218: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet saw a Bedouin making 
water in the mosque and told the people not to disturb him. 
When he finished, the Prophet asked for some water and poured 
it over (the urine) . 
1.219: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: A Bedouin stood up and started making 
water in the mosque. The people caught him but the Prophet 
ordered them to leave him and to pour a bucket or a tumbler of 
water over the place where he had passed the urine. The 
Prophet then said, "You have been sent to make things easy and 
not to make them difficult . " 
1.220: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said as above (219) . 
1 . 221 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: A Bedouin came and passed urine in 
one corner of the mosque. The people shouted at him but the 
Prophet stopped them till he finished urinating. The Prophet 
ordered them to spill a bucket of water over that place and 
they did so. 
1.222: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

(the mother of faithful believers) A child was brought to 
Allah's Apostle and it urinated on the garment of the Prophet. 
The Prophet asked for water and poured it over the soiled 
place. 
1.223: 



Narrated Urn Qais bint Mihsin: I brought my young son, who had 
not started eating (ordinary food) to Allah's Apostle who took 
him and made him sit in his lap. The child urinated on the 
garment of the Prophet, so he asked for water and poured it 
over the soiled (area) and did not wash it . 
1 . 224 : 

Narrated Hudhaifa: Once the Prophet went to the dumps of some 
people and passed urine while standing . He then asked for 
water and so I brought it to him and he performed ablution. 
1 . 225 : 

Narrated Hudhaifa ' : The Prophet and I walked till we reached 
the dumps of some people. He stood, as any one of you stands, 
behind a wall and urinated. I went away, but he beckoned me to 
come. So I approached him and stood near his back till he 
finished. 
1.226: 

Narrated Abu Wail: Abu Musa Al-Ash^ ari used to lay great 
stress on the question of urination and he used to say, "If 
anyone from Bani Israel happened to soil his clothes with 
urine, he used to cut that portion away. " Hearing that, 
Hudhaifa said to Abu Wail, "I wish he (Abu Musa) didn't (lay 
great stress on that matter)." Hudhaifa added, "Allah's 
Apostle went to the dumps of some people and urinated while 
standing . " 
1.227: 

Narrated Asma ' : 

A woman came to the Prophet and said, "If anyone of us gets 
menses in her clothes then what should she do?" He replied, 
"She should (take hold of the soiled place) , rub it and put it 
in the water and rub it in order to remove the traces of blood 
and then pour water over it . Then she can pray in it . " 
1.228: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

Fatima bint Abi Hubaish came to the Prophet and said, "O 
Allah's Apostle I get persistent bleeding from the uterus and 
do not become clean. Shall I give up my prayers?" Allah's 
Apostle replied, "No, because it is from a blood vessel and 
not the menses. So when your real menses begins give up your 



prayers and when it has finished wash off the blood (take a 

bath) and offer your prayers. " Hisham (the sub narrator) 

narrated that his father had also said, (the Prophet told 

her) : "Perform ablution for every prayer till the time of the 

next period comes. " 

1.229: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

I used to wash the traces of Janaba (semen) from the clothes 

of the Prophet and he used to go for prayers while traces of 

water were still on it (water spots were still visible) . 

1.230: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

as above (229) . 

1.231: 

Narrated Sulaiman bin Yasar: I asked "Aisha about the clothes 
soiled with semen. She replied, "I used to wash it off the 
clothes of Allah's Apostle and he would go for the prayer 
while water spots were still visible. " 
1 . 232 : 

Narrated "Amr bin Maimun: I heard Sulaiman bin Yasar talking 
about the clothes soiled with semen. He said that "Aisha had 
said, "I used to wash it off the clothes of Allah's Apostle 
and he would go for the prayers while water spots were still 
visible on them. 
1.233: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

I used to wash the semen off the clothes of the Prophet and 
even then I used to notice one or more spots on them. 
1 . 234 : 

Narrated Abu Qilaba: Anas said, "Some people of *Ukl or 
"Uraina tribe came to Medina and its climate did not suit 
them. So the Prophet ordered them to go to the herd of (Milch) 
camels and to drink their milk and urine (as a medicine) . So 
they went as directed and after they became healthy, they 
killed the shepherd of the Prophet and drove away all the 
camels. The news reached the Prophet early in the morning and 
he sent (men) in their pursuit and they were captured and 



brought at noon. He then ordered to cut their hands and feet 
(and it was done) , and their eyes were branded with heated 

pieces of iron, They were put in ' Al-Harra ' and when they 

asked for water, no water was given to them. " Abu Qilaba said, 
"Those people committed theft and murder, became infidels 

after embracing Islam and fought against Allah and His Apostle 

1.235: 

Narrated Anas: 

Prior to the construction of the mosque, the Prophet offered 

the prayers at sheep-folds . 

1.236: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

Allah's Apostle was asked regarding ghee (cooking butter) in 

which a mouse had fallen. He said, "Take out the mouse and 

throw away the ghee around it and use the rest . " 

1.237: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

The Prophet was asked regarding ghee in which a mouse had 

fallen. He said, "Take out the mouse and throw away the ghee 

around it (and use the rest . ) " 

1.238: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "A wound which a 

Muslim receives in Allah's cause will appear on the Day of 

Resurrection as it was at the time of infliction; blood will 

be flowing from the wound and its color will be that of the 

blood but will smell like musk. " 

1.239: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "We (Muslims) are 

the last (people to come in the world) but (will be) the 

foremost (on the Day of Resurrection) . " The same narrator told 

that the Prophet had said, "You should not pass urine in 

stagnant water which is not flowing then (you may need to) 

wash in it . " 

1.240: 

Narrated x Abdullah: While Allah's Apostle was prostrating (as 

stated below) . 

1 . 241 : 



Narrated x Abdullah bin Mas"ud: Once the Prophet was offering 
prayers at the Ka^ba. Abu Jahl was sitting with some of his 
companions. One of them said to the others, "Who amongst you 
will bring the Abdominal contents (Intestines, etc.) of a 
camel of Banl so and so and put It on the back of Muhammad, 
when he prostrates?" The most unfortunate of them got up and 
brought It . He waited till the Prophet prostrated and then 
placed It on his back between his shoulders. I was watching 
but could not do any thing. I wish I had some people with me 
to hold out against them. They started laughing and falling on 
one another. Allah's Apostle was In prostration and he did not 
lift his head up till Fatlma (Prophet's daughter) came and 
threw that (camel ' s Abdominal contents) away from his back. He 
raised his head and said thrice, "O Allah! Punish Quralsh. " So 
It was hard for Abu Jahl and his companions when the Prophet 
Invoked Allah against them as they had a conviction that the 
prayers and Invocations were accepted In this city (Mecca) . 
The Prophet said, "O Allah! Punish Abu Jahl, ^Utba bin Rabija, 
Shalba bin Rabija, Al-Walld bin "Utba, Umalya bin Khalaf, and 
^Uqba bin Al Mu'lt [??] (and he mentioned the seventh whose 
name I cannot recall) . By Allah In Whose Hands my life Is, I 
saw the dead bodies of those persons who were counted by 
Allah's Apostle In the Qallb (one of the wells) of Badr . 
1.242: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet once spat In his clothes. 
1.243: 

Narrated Alsha: 

The Prophet said, "All drinks that produce Intoxication are 
Haram (forbidden to drink) . 
1 . 244 : 

Narrated Abu Hazlm: Sahl bin Sa^d As-Sa" Idl, was asked by the 
people, "With what was the wound of the Prophet treated? Sahl 
replied, "None remains among the people living who knows that 
better than I. "All [??] used to bring water In his shield and 
Fatlma used to wash the blood off his face. Then straw mat was 
burnt and the wound was filled with It . " 
1 . 245 : 



Narrated Abu Burda: My father said, "I came to the Prophet and 
saw him carrying a Siwak in his hand and cleansing his teeth, 
saying, 'U' U' , " as if he was retching while the Siwak was in 
his mouth. " 
1.246: 

Narrated Hudhaifa: Whenever the Prophet got up at night, he 
used to clean his mouth with Siwak. 
1.247: 

Narrated Al-Bara 'bin ^Azib: The Prophet said to me, "Whenever 
you go to bed perform ablution like that for the prayer, lie 
or your right side and say, "Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, 
wa fauwadtu ^Amri ilaika, wa alja'tu Zahri ilaika raghbatan wa 
rahbatan ilaika. La Malja'a wa la manja minka ilia ilaika. 
Allahumma amantu bikitabika-1-ladhi anzalta wa bina-biyika-1 
ladhi arsalta" (O Allah! I surrender to You and entrust all my 
affairs to You and depend upon You for Your Blessings both 
with hope and fear of You. There is no fleeing from You, and 
there is no place of protection and safety except with You O 
Allah! I believe in Your Book (the Qur'an) which You have 
revealed and in Your Prophet (Muhammad) whom You have sent) . 
Then if you die on that very night, you will die with faith 

(i.e. or the religion of Islam). Let the aforesaid words be 
your last utterance (before sleep) . " I repeated it before the 
Prophet and when I reached "Allahumma amantu 
bikitabika-1-ladhi anzalta (O Allah I believe in Your Book 
which You have revealed) . " I said, "Wa-rasulika (and your 
Apostle) . " The Prophet said, "No, (but say) : 

'Wanabiyika-1-ladhi arsalta (Your Prophet whom You have sent), 
instead. " 



Bk. 5: Bathing (Ghusl) 



1.248: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Whenever the Prophet took a bath after Janaba he started by 

washing his hands and then performed ablution like that for 



the prayer. After that he would put his fingers in water and 

move the roots of his hair with them, and then pour three 

handfuls of water over his head and then pour water all over 

his body. 

1.249: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle performed ablution 

like that for the prayer but did not wash his feet . He washed 

off the discharge from his private parts and then poured water 

over his body. He withdrew his feet from that place (the place 

where he took the bath) and then washed them. And that was his 

way of taking the bath of Janaba. 

1.250: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet and I used to take a bath from a single pot called 

'Faraq ' . 
1 . 251 : 

Narrated Abu Salama: ^Aisha's brother and I went to ^Aisha and 
he asked her about the bath of the Prophet . She brought a pot 
containing about a Sa* of water and took a bath and poured it 
over her head and at what time there was a screen between her 
and us. 
1 . 252 : 
Narrated Abu Ja^far: While I and my father were with Jabir bin 

^Abdullah, some People asked him about taking a bath He 
replied, "A Sa* of water is sufficient for you. " A man said, 

"A Sa^ is not sufficient for me. " Jabir said, "A Sa was 

sufficient for one who had more hair than you and was better 

than you (meaning the Prophet) . " And then Jabir (put on) his 

garment and led the prayer. 

1.253: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet and Maimuna used to take a 

bath from a single pot . 

1 . 254 : 

Narrated Jubair bin Mut^im: Allah's Apostle said, "As for me, 

I pour water three times on my head. " And he pointed with both 

his hands. 

1 . 255 : 



Narrated Jabir bin " Abdullah: The Prophet used to pour water 

three times on his head. 

1.256: 

Narrated Abu Ja^far: Jabir bin x Abdullah said to me, "Your 

cousin (Hasan bin Muhammad bin Al-Hanafiya) came to me and 

asked about the bath of Janaba. I replied, 'The Prophet uses 

to take three handfuls of water, pour them on his head and 

then pour more water over his body. ' Al-Hasan said to me, 'I 

am a hairy man. ' I replied, 'The Prophet had more hair than 

you ' . " 

1.257: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

I placed water for the bath of the Prophet . He washed his 

hands twice or thrice and then poured water on his left hand 

and washed his private parts. He rubbed his hands over the 

earth (and cleaned them) , rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by 

putting water in it and blowing it out, washed his face and 

both forearms and then poured water over his body. Then he 

withdrew from that place and washed his feet . 

1.258: 

Narrated Aisha : 

Whenever the Prophet took the bath of Janaba (sexual relation 

or wet dream) he asked for the Hilab or some other scent . He 

used to take it in his hand, rub it first over the right side 

of his head and then over the left and then rub the middle of 

his head with both hands. 

1.259: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

I placed water for the bath of the Prophet and he poured water 

with his right hand on his left and washed them. Then he 

washed his private parts and rubbed his hands on the ground, 

washed them with water, rinsed his mouth and washed his nose 

by putting water in it and blowing it out, washed his face and 

poured water on his head. He withdrew from that place and 

washed his feet . A piece of cloth (towel) was given to him but 

he did not use it . 

1.260: 

Narrated Maimuna: 



The Prophet took the bath of Janaba. (sexual relation or wet 

dream) . He first cleaned his private parts with his hand, and 

then rubbed It (that hand) on the wall (earth) and washed It . 

Then he performed ablution like that for the prayer, and after 

the bath he washed his feet . 

1.261: 

Narrated Alsha: 

The Prophet and I used to take a bath from a single pot of 

water and our hands used to go In the pot after each other In 

turn. 

1.262: 

Narrated x Alsha : 

Whenever Allah's Apostle took a bath of Janaba, he washed his 

hands first . 

1.263: 

Narrated "Alsha : 

The Prophet and I used to take a bath from a single pot of 

water after Janaba. 

1.264: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet and one of his wives used 

to take a bath from a single pot of water. (Shu^ba added to 

Anas ' Statement "After the Janaba ") . 

1.265: 

Narrated Malmuna: 

I placed water for the bath of Allah ' s Apostle and he poured 

water over his hands and washed them twice or thrice; then he 

poured water with his right hand over his left and washed his 

private parts (with his left hand) . He rubbed his hand over 

the earth and rinsed his mouth and washed his nose by putting 

water In It and blowing It out . After that he washed his face, 

both fore arms and head thrice and then poured water over his 

body. He withdrew from that place and washed his feet. 

1.266: 

Narrated Malmuna bint Al-Harlth: I placed water for the bath 

of Allah's Apostle and put a screen. He poured water over his 

hands, and washed them once or twice. (The sub-narrator added 

that he did not remember If she had said thrice or not) . Then 

he poured water with his right hand over his left one and 



washed his private parts. He rubbed his hand over the earth or 
the wall and washed it . He rinsed his mouth and washed his 
nose by putting water in it and blowing it out . He washed his 
face, forearms and head. He poured water over his body and 
then withdrew from that place and washed his feet. I presented 
him a piece of cloth (towel) and he pointed with his hand 

(that he does not want it) and did not take it . 

1.267: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Muntathir : on the authority of his 

father that he had asked ^Aisha (about the Hadith of Ibn 

"Umar) . She said, "May Allah be Merciful to Abu s Abdur-Rahman . 

I used to put scent on Allah's Apostle and he used to go round 

his wives, and in the morning he assumed the Ihram, and the 

fragrance of scent was still coming out from his body. " 

1.268: 

Narrated Qatada: 

Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet used to visit all his wives 

in a round, during the day and night and they were eleven in 

number. " I asked Anas, "Had the Prophet the strength for it?" 

Anas replied, "We used to say that the Prophet was given the 

strength of thirty (men) . " And Sa v id said on the authority of 

Qatada that Anas had told him about nine wives only (not 

eleven) . 

1.269: 

Narrated ^Ali : 

I used to get emotional urethral discharge frequently . Being 

the son-in-law of the Prophet I requested a man to ask him 

about it. So the man asked the Prophet about it. The Prophet 

replied, "Perform ablution after washing your organ (penis) . 

1.270: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Muntathir: on the authority of his 

father that he had asked "Aisha about the saying of Ibn "Umar 

(i.e. he did not like to be a Muhrim while the smell of scent 
was still coming from his body) . ^Aisha said, "I scented 
Allah's Apostle and he went round (had sexual intercourse 
with) all his wives, and in the morning he was Muhrim (after 
taking a bath) . 
1.271: 



Narrated N Aisha : 

It is as if I am just looking at the glitter of scent in the 
parting of the Prophet ' s head hair while he was a Muhrim. 
1.272: 

Narrated Hisham bin "Urwa: (on the authority of his father) 
" Aisha said, "Whenever Allah ' s Apostle took the bath of 
Janaba, he cleaned his hands and performed ablution like that 
for prayer and then took a bath and rubbed his hair, till he 
felt that the whole skin of the head had become wet, then he 
would pour water thrice and wash the rest of the body. " * Aisha 
further said, "I and Allah's Apostle used to take a bath from 
a single water container, from which we took water 
simultaneously . " 
1.273: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

Water was placed for the ablution of Allah's Apostle after 
Janaba. He poured water with his right hand over his left 
twice or thrice and then washed his private parts and rubbed 
his hand on the earth or on a wall twice or thrice and then 
rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and 
then blowing it out arid then washed his face and forearms and 
poured water over his head and washed his body. Then he 
shifted from that place and washed his feet . I brought a piece 
of cloth, but he did not take it and removed the traces of 
water from his body with his hand. " 
1.274: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Once the call (Iqama) for the prayer was 
announced and the rows were straightened. Allah's Apostle came 
out; and when he stood up at his Musalla, he remembered that 
he was Junub. Then he ordered us to stay at our places and 
went to take a bath and then returned with water dropping from 
his head. He said, "Allahu-Akbar" , and we all offered the 
prayer with him. 
1.275: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

I placed water for the bath of the Prophet and screened him 
with a garment . He poured water over his hands and washed 
them. After that he poured water with his right hand over his 



left and washed his private parts, rubbed his hands with earth 

and washed them, rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting 

water in it and then blowing it out and then washed his face 

and forearms. He poured water over his head and body. He then 

shifted from that place and washed his feet . I gave him a 

piece of cloth but he did not take it and came out removing 

the water (from his body) with both his hands. 

1.276: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Whenever any one of us was Junub, she poured water over her 

head thrice with both her hands and then rubbed the right side 

of her head with one hand and rubbed the left side of the head 

with the other hand. 

1.277: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, 'The (people of) Bani 

Israel used to take bath naked (all together) looking at each 

other. The Prophet Moses used to take a bath alone. They said, 

'By Allah! Nothing prevents Moses from taking a bath with us 
except that he has a scrotal hernia . ' So once Moses went out 
to take a bath and put his clothes over a stone and then that 
stone ran away with his clothes. Moses followed that stone 
saying, "My clothes, O stone! My clothes, O stone! till the 
people of Bani Israel saw him and said, 'By Allah, Moses has 
got no defect in his body. Moses took his clothes and began to 
beat the stone. " Abu Huraira added, "By Allah! There are still 
six or seven marks present on the stone from that excessive 
beating. " Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "When the 
Prophet Job (Aiyub) was taking a bath naked, golden locusts 
began to fall on him. Job started collecting them in his 
clothes. His Lord addressed him, 'O Job! Haven't I given you 
enough so that you are not in need of them. ' Job replied, 

'Yes! ' By Your Honor (power) ! But I cannot dispense with Your 
Blessings . ' " 
1.278: 

Narrated Um Hani bint Abi Talib: I went to Allah's Apostle in 
the year of the conquest of Mecca and found him taking a bath 
while Fatima was screening him. The Prophet asked, "Who is 
it?" I replied, "I am Urn-Hani . " 



1.279: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

I screened the Prophet while he was taking a bath of Janaba . 
He washed his hands, poured water from his right hand over his 
left and washed his private parts. Then he rubbed his hand 
over a wall or the earth, and performed ablution similar to 
that for the prayer but did not wash his feet. Then he poured 
water over his body, shifted from that place, and washed his 
feet. 
1.280: 

Narrated Um-Salama : (the mother of the believers) Urn Sulaim, 
the wife of Abu Talha, came to Allah ' s Apostle and said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! Verily Allah is not shy of (telling you) the 
truth. Is it necessary for a woman to take a bath after she 
has a wet dream (nocturnal sexual discharge) ?" Allah's Apostle 
replied, "Yes, if she notices a discharge. " 
1 . 281 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet came across me in one of the 
streets of Medina and at that time I was Junub. So I slipped 
away from him and went to take a bath. On my return the 
Prophet said, "O Abu Huraira! Where have you been?" I replied, 
"I was Junub, so I disliked to sit in your company. " The 
Prophet said, "Subhan Allah! A believer never becomes impure. " 
1.282: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet used to visit all his 
wives in one night and he had nine wives at that time. 
1.283: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle came across me and I was 
Junub He took my hand and I went along with him till he sat 
down I slipped away, went home and took a bath. When I came 
back, he was still sitting there. He then said to me, "O Abu 
Huraira! Where have you been?' I told him about it The Prophet 
said, "Subhan Allah! O Abu Huraira! A believer never becomes 
impure. " 
1 . 284 : 

Narrated Abu Salama : I asked ^Aisha "Did the Prophet use to 
sleep while he was Junub?" She replied, "Yes, but he used to 
perform ablution (before going to bed) . 



1.285: 

Narrated "XJmar bin Al-Khattab: I asked Allah's Apostle "Can 

any one of us sleep while he is Junub?" He replied, "Yes, if 

he performs ablution, he can sleep while he is Junub. " 

1.286: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Whenever the Prophet intended to sleep while he was Junub, he 

used to wash his private parts and perform ablution like that 

for the prayer. 

1.287: 

Narrated "Abdullah: "Umar asked the Prophet "Can anyone of us 

sleep while he is Junub?" He replied, "Yes, if he performs 

ablution. " 

1.288: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: "Umar bin Al-Khattab told 

Allah's Apostle, "I became Junub at night. " Allah's Apostle 

replied, "Perform ablution after washing your private parts 

and then sleep. " 

1.289: 

Narrated Hisham: 

as the following Hadith 290. 

1.290: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "When a man sits in 

between the four parts of a woman and did the sexual 

intercourse with her, bath becomes compulsory . " 

1 . 291 : 

Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani: I asked "Uthman bin "Affan 

about a man who engaged in the sexual intercourse with his 

wife but did not discharge. "Uthman replied, "He should 

perform ablution like that for the prayer after washing his 

private parts. " "Uthman added, "I heard that from Allah's 

Apostle. " I asked *Ali bin Abi Talib, Az-Zubair bin Al- S Awwam, 

Talha bin 'Ubaidullah and Ubai bin Ka^b and a gave the same 

reply. (Abu Aiyub said that he had heard that from Allah ' s 

Apostle ) (This order was canceled later on so one has to take 

a bath. See, Hadith No. 180). 

1.292: 

Narrated Ubai bin Ka^b: I asked Allah's Apostle about a man 



who engages in sexual intercourse with his wife but does not 
discharge. He replied, "He should wash the parts which comes 
in contact with the private parts of the woman, perform 
ablution and then pray. " (Abu x Abdullah said, "Taking a bath 
is safer and is the last order. ") 

Bk. 6: Menstrual Periods 



1.293: 

Narrated Al-Qasim: ^ Aisha said, "We set out with the sole 
intention of performing Hajj and when we reached Sarif, (a 
place six miles from Mecca) I got my menses. Allah's Apostle 
came to me while I was weeping. He said 'What is the matter 
with you? Have you got your menses?' I replied, 'Yes. ' He 
said, 'This is a thing which Allah has ordained for the 
daughters of Adam. So do what all the pilgrims do with the 
exception of the Tawaf (Circumambulation) round the Ka"ba." 
^ Aisha added, "Allah' s Apostle sacrificed cows on behalf of 
his wives. " 
1 . 294 : 

Narrated " Aisha : 

While in menses, I used to comb the hair of Allah's Apostle . 
1.295: 

Narrated " Urwa : 

A person asked me, "Can a woman in menses serve me? And can a 
Junub woman come close to me?" I replied, "All this is easy 
for me. All of them can serve me, and there is no harm for any 
other person to do the same. * Aisha told me that she used to 
comb the hair of Allah's Apostle while she was in her menses, 
and he was in I"tikaf (in the mosque) . He would bring his head 
near her in her room and she would comb his hair, while she 
used to be in her menses. " 
1.296: 

Narrated x Aisha : 

The Prophet used to lean on my lap and recite Qur'an while I 
was in menses. 



1.297: 

Narrated Urn Salama : While I was laying with the Prophet under 
a single woolen sheet, I got the menses. I slipped away and 
put on the clothes for menses. He said, "Have you got "Nifas" 
(menses) ?" I replied, "Yes. " He then called me and made me lie 
with him under the same sheet. 
1.298: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet and I used to take a bath from a single pot while 
we were Junub. During the menses, he used to order me to put 
on an Izar (dress worn below the waist) and used to fondle me. 
While in I^tikaf, he used to bring his head near me and I 
would wash it while I used to be in my periods (menses) . 
1.299: 

Narrated * Abdur -Rahman bin Al-Aswad: (on the authority of his 
father) "Aisha said: "Whenever Allah ' s Apostle wanted to 
fondle anyone of us during her periods (menses) , he used to 
order her to put on an Izar and start fondling her. " * Aisha 
added, "None of you could control his sexual desires as the 
Prophet could. " 
1.300: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

When ever Allah ' s Apostle wanted to fondle any of his wives 
during the periods (menses) , he used to ask her to wear an 
Izar. 
1 . 301 : 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Once Allah's Apostle went out to 
the Musalla (to offer the prayer) o x Id-al-Adha or Al-Fitr 
prayer. Then he passed by the women and said, "O women! Give 
alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of 
Hell-fire were you (women) . " They asked, "Why is it so, O 
Allah's Apostle ?" He replied, "You curse frequently and are 
ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more 
deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious 
sensible man could be led astray by some of you. " The women 
asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What is deficient in our 
intelligence and religion?" He said, "Is not the evidence of 
two women equal to the witness of one man?" They replied in 



the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her 

intelligence . Isn 't it true that a woman can neither pray nor 

fast during her menses?" The women replied in the affirmative. 

He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion. " 

1.302: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

We set out with the Prophet for Hajj and when we reached Sarif 

I got my menses. When the Prophet came to me, I was weeping. 

He asked, "Why are you weeping?" I said, "I wish if I had not 

performed Hajj this year. " He asked, "May be that you got your 

menses?" I replied, "Yes. " He then said, "This is the thing 

which Allah has ordained for all the daughters of Adam. So do 

what all the pilgrims do except that you do not perform the 

Tawaf round the Ka^ba till you are clean." 

1.303: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Fatima bint Abi Hubaish said to Allah's Apostle, "O Allah's 

Apostle! I do not become clean (from bleeding) . Shall I give 

up my prayers?" Allah's Apostle replied: "No, because it is 

from a blood vessel and not the menses. So when the real 

menses begins give up your prayers and when it (the period) 

has finished wash the blood off your body (take a bath) and 

offer your prayers. " 

1 . 304 : 

Narrated Asma' bint Abi Bakr: A woman asked Allah's Apostle, 

"O Allah's Apostle! What should we do, if the blood of menses 

falls on our clothes?" Allah's Apostle replied, "If the blood 

of menses falls on the garment of anyone of you, she must take 

hold of the blood spot, rub it, and wash it with water and 

then pray in (with it) . 

1.305: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Whenever anyone of us got her menses, she, on becoming clean, 

used to take hold of the blood spot and rub the blood off her 

garment, and pour water over it and wash that portion 

thoroughly and sprinkle water over the rest of the garment . 

After that she would pray in (with) it . 

1.306: 



Narrated " Aisha : 

Once one of the wives of the Prophet did I"tikaf along with 
him and she was getting bleeding in between her periods. She 
used to see the blood (from her private parts) and she would 
perhaps put a dish under her for the blood. (The sub-narrator 

" Ikrima added, " Aisha once saw the liquid of saf flower and 

said, "It looks like what so and so used to have. ") 

1.307: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

"One of the wives of Allah's Apostle joined him in I"tikaf and 

she noticed blood and yellowish discharge (from her private 

parts) and put a dish under her when she prayed. " 

1.308: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

One of the mothers of the faithful believers (i.e. the wives 

of the Prophet ) did I"tikaf while she was having bleeding in 

between her periods . 

1.309: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

None of us had more than a single garment and we used to have 

our menses while wearing it . Whenever it got soiled with blood 

of menses we used to apply saliva to the blood spot and rub 

off the blood with our nails. 

1.310: 

Narrated Um-"Atiya: We were forbidden to mourn for a dead 

person for more than three days except in the case of a 

husband for whom mourning was allowed for four months and ten 

days. (During that time) we were not allowed to put kohl 

(Antimony eye power) in our eyes or to use perfumes or to put 

on colored clothes except a dress made of "Asr (a kind of 

Yemen cloth, very coarse and rough) . We were allowed very 

light perfumes at the time of taking a bath after menses and 

also we were forbidden to go with the funeral procession . 

1 . 311 : 

Narrated "Aisha : 

A woman asked the Prophet about the bath which is take after 

finishing from the menses. The Prophet told her what to do and 

said, "Purify yourself with a piece of cloth scented with 



musk. " The woman asked, "How shall I purify myself with It" He 

said, "Subhan Allah! Purify yourself (with it) . " I pulled her 

to myself and said, "Rub the place soiled with blood with it . " 

1 . 312 : 

Narrated "Aisha : 

An Ansari woman asked the Prophet how to take a bath after 

finishing from the menses. He replied, "Take a piece a cloth 

perfumed with musk and clean the private parts with it 

thrice. " The Prophet felt shy and turned his face. So pulled 

her to me and told her what the Prophet meant. 

1.313: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

In the last Hajj of Allah's Apostle I assume the Ihram for 

Hajj along with Allah Apostle. I was one of those who intended 

Tamattu" (to perform Hajj an "Umra) and did not take the Hadi 

(animal for sacrifice) with me. I got my menses and was not 
clean till the night of "Arafa I said, "O Allah's Apostle! It 
is the night of the day of "Arafat and I intended to perform 
the Hajj Tamattu" with "Umra Allah's Apostle told me to undo 
my hair and comb it and to postpone the "Umra. I did the same 
and completed the Hajj. On the night of Al-Hasba (i.e. place 
outside Mecca where the pilgrims go after finishing all the 
ceremonies Hajj at Mina) he (the Prophet ordered "Abdur Rahman 

("Aisha' s brother) to take me to at-Tan" im to assume the lhram 

for "Umra in lieu of that of Hajj -at -Tamattu" which I had 

intended to perform. 

1.314: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

On the 1st of Dhul-Hijja we set out with the intention of 

performing Hajj. Allah's Apostle said, "Any one who likes to 

assume the Ihram for "Umra he can do so. Had I not brought the 

Hadi with me, I would have assumed the Ihram for "Umra. "Some 

of us assumed the Ihram for "Umra while the others assumed the 

Ihram for Hajj . I was one of those who assumed the Ihram for 

"Umra. I got menses and kept on menstruating until the day of 

"Arafat and complained of that to the Prophet . He told me to 
postpone my "Umra, undo and comb my hair, and to assure the 
Ihram of Hajj and I did so. On the right of Hasba, he sent my 



brother " Abdur -Rahman bin Abi Bakr with me to at-Tan* im, where 
I assumed the Ihram for ^Umra in lieu of the previous one. 
Hisham said, "For that ("Urnra) no Hadi, fasting or alms were 
required. 
1.315: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "At every womb 
Allah appoints an angel who says, 'O Lord! A drop of semen, O 
Lord! A clot. O Lord! A little lump of flesh. " Then if Allah 
wishes (to complete) its creation, the angel asks, (O Lord!) 
Will it be a male or female, a wretched or a blessed, and how 
much will his provision be? And what will his age be?' So all 
that is written while the child is still in the mother's 
womb. " 
1.316: 

Narrated " Urwa : 

"Aisha said, "We set out with the Prophet in his last Hajj. 
Some of us intended to perform ^Umra while others Hajj. When 
we reached Mecca, Allah's Apostle said, 'Those who had assumed 
the lhram for "Umra and had not brought the Hadi should finish 
his lhram and whoever had assumed the Ihram for "Umra and 
brought the Hadi should not finish the Ihram till he has 
slaughtered his Hadi and whoever had assumed the lhram for 
Hajj should complete his Hajj. " ^Aisha further said, "I got my 
periods (menses) and kept on menstruating till the day of 
" Arafat, and I had assumed the Ihram for ^Umra only 
(Tamattu* ) . The Prophet ordered me to undo and comb my head 
hair and assume the lhram for Hajj only and leave the * Umra . I 
did the same till I completed the Hajj . Then the Prophet sent 
s Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr with me and ordered me to perform 
% Umra from at-Tan^ im in lieu of the missed "Umra." 
1.317: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Fatima bint Abi Hubaish used to have bleeding in between the 
periods, so she asked the Prophet about it . He replied, "The 
bleeding is from a blood vessel and not the menses. So give up 
the prayers when the (real) menses begin and when it has 
finished, take a bath and start praying. " 
1.318: 



Narrated Mu " adha : 

A woman asked "Aisha, "Should I offer the prayers that which I 
did not offer because of menses" "Aisha said, "Are you from 
the Huraura ' (a town in Iraq?) We were with the Prophet and 
used to get our periods but he never ordered us to offer them 
(the Prayers missed during menses) . " * Aisha perhaps said, "We 
did not offer them. " 
1.319: 

Narrated Zainab bint Abi Salama: Um-Salama said, "I got my 
menses while I was lying with the Prophet under a woolen 
sheet . So I slipped away, took the clothes for menses and put 
them on. Allah's Apostle said, 'Have you got your menses?' I 
replied, 'Yes. ' Then he called me and took me with him under 
the woolen sheet." Urn Salama further said, "The Prophet used 
to kiss me while he was fasting. The Prophet and I used to 
take the bath of Janaba from a single pot . " 
1.320: 

Narrated Um Salama: While I was lying with the Prophet under a 
woolen sheet, I got my menses. I slipped away and put on the 
clothes for menses. The Prophet said, "Have you got your 
menses?" I replied, "Yes. " He called me and I slept with him 
under the woolen sheet . 
1 . 321 : 

Narrated Aiyub: 

Hafsa said, 'We used to forbid our young women to go out for 
the two " Id prayers. A woman came and stayed at the palace of 
Bani Khalaf and she narrated about her sister whose husband 
took part in twelve holy battles along with the Prophet and 
her sister was with her husband in six (out of these twelve) . 
She (the woman's sister) said, "We used to treat the wounded, 
look after the patients and once I asked the Prophet, 'Is 
there any harm for any of us to stay at home if she doesn't 
have a veil?' He said, 'She should cover herself with the veil 
of her companion and should participate in the good deeds and 
in the religious gathering of the Muslims. ' When Um % Atiya 
came I asked her whether she had heard it from the Prophet . 
She replied, "Yes. May my father be sacrificed for him (the 
Prophet) ! (Whenever she mentioned the Prophet she used to say, 



'May my father be sacrificed for him) I have heard the Prophet 
saying, 'The unmarried young virgins and the mature girl who 
stay often screened or the young unmarried virgins who often 
stay screened and the menstruating women should come out and 
participate in the good deeds as well as the religious 
gathering of the faithful believers but the menstruating women 
should keep away from the Musalla (praying place) . ' " Hafsa 
asked Urn "Atiya surprisingly, "Do you say the menstruating 
women?" She replied, "Doesn't a menstruating woman attend 

" Arafat (Hajj) and such and such (other deeds) ? " 

1.322: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Fatima bint Abi Hubaish asked the Prophet, "I got persistent 

bleeding (in between the periods) and do not become clean. 

Shall I give up prayers?" He replied, "No, this is from a 

blood vessel. Give up the prayers only for the days on which 

you usually get the menses and then take a bath and offer your 

prayers . " 

1.323: 

Narrated Urn ^Atiya: We never considered yellowish discharge as 

a thing of importance (as menses) . 

1.324: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) Urn Habiba got bleeding in between 

the periods for seven years. She asked Allah's Apostle about 

it . He ordered her to take a bath (after the termination of 

actual periods) and added that it was (from) a blood vessel . 

So she used to take a bath for every prayer. 

1.325: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) I told Allah's Apostle that Safiya 
bint Huyai had got her menses. He said, "She will probably 
delay us. Did she perform Tawaf (Al-Ifada) with you?" We 
replied, "Yes." On that the Prophet told her to depart. 
1.326: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: A woman is al lowed to leave (go back 
home) if she gets menses (after Tawaf -Al-Ifada) . Ibn "Umar 
formerly used to say that she should not leave but later on I 



heard him saying, "She may leave, since Allah's Apostle gave 

them the permission to leave (after Tawaf-Al-Ifada) . " 

1.327: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet said to me, "Give up the prayer when your menses 

begin and when it has finished, wash the blood off your body 

(take a bath) and start praying. " 

1.328: 

Narrated Samura bin Jundub: The Prophet offered the funeral 

prayer for the dead body of a woman who died of (during) 

delivery (i.e. child birth) and he stood by the middle of her 

body. 

1.329: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

(the wife of the Prophet) During my menses, I never prayed, 
but used to sit on the mat beside the mosque of Allah's 
Apostle. He used to offer the prayer on his sheet and in 
prostration some of his clothes used to touch me. " 

Bk. 7: Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum) 






1.330: 
Narrated "Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) We set out with Allah's Apostle on 
one of his journeys till we reached Al-Baida ' or Dhatul-Jaish, 
a necklace of mine was broken (and lost) . Allah's Apostle 
stayed there to search for it, and so did the people along 
with him. There was no water at that place, so the people went 
to Abu- Bakr As-Siddiq and said, "Don't you see what " Aisha 
has done? She has made Allah ' s Apostle and the people stay 
where there is no water and they have no water with them. " Abu 
Bakr came while Allah's Apostle was sleeping with his head on 
my thigh, He said, to me: "You have detained Allah's Apostle 
and the people where there is no water and they have no water 
with them. So he admonished me and said what Allah wished him 
to say and hit me on my flank with his hand. Nothing prevented 



me from moving (because of pain) but the position of Allah's 
Apostle on my thigh. Allah's Apostle got up when dawn broke 
and there was no water. So Allah revealed the Divine Verses of 
Tayammum. So they all performed Tayammum. Usaid bin Hudair 
said, "O the family of Abu Bakr! This is not the first 
blessing of yours. " Then the camel on which I was riding was 
caused to move from its place and the necklace was found 
beneath it . 
1 . 331 : 

Narrated Jabir bin x Abdullah: The Prophet said, "I have been 
given five things which were not given to any one else before 
me. - 1. Allah made me victorious by awe, (by His frightening 
my enemies) for a distance of one month's journey. -2. The 
earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for 
praying and a thing to perform Tayammum, therefore anyone of 
my followers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due. 
-3. The booty has been made Halal (lawful) for me yet it was 
not lawful for anyone else before me. -4. I have been given 
the right of intercession (on the Day of Resurrection) . -5. 
Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have 
been sent to all mankind. 
1.332: 

Narrated ^Urwa's father: Aisha said, "I borrowed a necklace 
from Asma ' and it was lost. So Allah's Apostle sent a man to 
search for it and he found it. Then the time of the prayer 
became due and there was no water. They prayed (without 
ablution) and informed Allah ' s Apostle about it, so the verse 
of Tayammum was revealed. " Usaid bin Hudair said to * Aisha, 

"May Allah reward you. By Allah, whenever anything happened 
which you did not like, Allah brought good for you and for the 
Muslims in that . " Al-Jurf and the time for the *Asr prayer 
became due while he was at Marbad-An-Na" am ( sheep f old) , so he 

(performed Tayammum) and prayed there and then entered Medina 

when the sun was still high but he did not repeat that prayer. 

1.333: 

Narrated Abu Juhaim Al-Ansari: The Prophet came from the 

direction of Bir Jamal. A man met him and greeted him. But he 

did not return back the greeting till he went to a (mud) wall 



and smeared his hands and his face with its dust (performed 
Tayammum) and then returned back the greeting. 
1 . 334 : 

Narrated ^Abdur Rahman bin Abza [??] : A man came to ^Umar bin 
Al-Khattab and said, "I became Junub but no water was 
available . " * Amma r bin Yasir said to ^Umar, "Do you remember 
that you and I (became Junub while both of us) were together 
on a journey and you didn 't pray but I rolled myself on the 
ground and prayed? I informed the Prophet about it and he 
said, 'It would have been sufficient for you to do like this. ' 
The Prophet then stroked lightly the earth with his hands and 
then blew off the dust and passed his hands over his face and 
hands. " 
1.335: 

Narrated Sa^id bin ^Abdur Rahman bin Abza: (on the authority 
of his father who said) "Ammar said so (the above Statement) . 
And Shu^ba stroked lightly the earth with his hands and 
brought them close to his mouth (blew off the dust) and passed 
them over his face and then the backs of his hands. "Ammar 
said, "Ablution (meaning Tayammum here) is sufficient for a 
Muslim if water is not available . " 
1.336: 

Narrated "Abdur Rahman bin Abza: that while he was in the 
company of "Umar, * Ammar said to "XJmar, "We were in a 
detachment and became Junub and I blew the dust off my hands 
(performed the rolling over the earth and prayed.) " 
1.337: 

Narrated "Abdur Rahman bin Abza: x Ammar said to "Umar "I 
rolled myself in the dust and came to the Prophet who said, 
'Passing dusted hands over the face and the backs of the hands 
is sufficient for you. ' " 
1.338: 

Narrated x Ammar: 
As above. 
1.339: 

Narrated " Ammar: 

The Prophet stroked the earth with his hands and then passed 
them over his face and the backs of his hands (while 



demonstrating Tayammum) . 

1.340: 

Na rra ted x Imran : 

Once we were traveling with the Prophet and we carried on 

traveling till the last part of the night and then we (halted 

at a place) and slept (deeply) . There is nothing sweeter than 

sleep for a traveler in the last part of the night . So it was 

only the heat of the sun that made us to wake up and the first 

to wake up was so and so, then so and so and then so and so 

(the narrator ^Auf said that Abu Raja ' had told him their 
names but he had forgotten them) and the fourth person to wake 
up was ^Umar bin Al-Khattab. And whenever the Prophet used to 
sleep, nobody would wake up him till he himself used to get up 
as we did not know what was happening (being revealed) to him 
in his sleep. So, ^Umar got up and saw the condition of the 
people, and he was a strict man, so he said, "Allahu Akbar" 
and raised his voice with Takbir, and kept on saying loudly 
till the Prophet got up because of it. When he got up, the 
people informed him about what had happened to them. He said, 

"There is no harm (or it will not be harmful) . Depart!" So 
they departed from that place, and after covering some 
distance the Prophet stopped and asked for some water to 
perform the ablution. So he performed the ablution and the 
call for the prayer was pronounced and he led the people in 
prayer. After he finished from the prayer, he saw a man 
sitting aloof who had not prayed with the people. He asked, "O 
so and so! What has prevented you from praying with us?" He 
replied, "I am Junub and there is no water. " The Prophet 
said, "Perform Tayammum with (clean) earth and that is 
sufficient for you. " Then the Prophet proceeded on and the 
people complained to him of thirst . Thereupon he got down and 
called a person (the narrator ^Auf added that Abu Raja ' had 
named him but he had forgotten) and *Ali, and ordered them to 
go and bring water. So they went in search of water and met a 
woman who was sitting on her camel between two bags of water. 
They asked, "Where can we find water?" She replied, "I was 
there (at the place of water) this hour yesterday and my 
people are behind me. " They requested her to accompany them. 



She asked, "Where?" They said, "To Allah's Apostle ." She 
said, "Do you mean the man who is called the Sabi, (with a new 
religion) ?" They replied, "Yes, the same person. So come 
along. " They brought her to the Prophet and narrated the whole 
story. He said, "Help her to dismount. " The Prophet asked for 
a pot, then he opened the mouths of the bags and poured some 
water into the pot . Then he closed the big openings of the 
bags and opened the small ones and the people were called upon 
to drink and water their animals. So they all watered their 
animals and they (too) all quenched their thirst and also gave 
water to others and last of all the Prophet gave a pot full of 
water to the person who was Junub and told him to pour it over 
his body. The woman was standing and watching all that which 
they were doing with her water. By Allah, when her water bags 
were returned the looked like as if they were more full (of 
water) than they had been before (Miracle of Allah's Apostle) 
Then the Prophet ordered us to collect something for her; so 
dates, flour and Sawiq were collected which amounted to a good 
meal that was put in a piece of cloth. She was helped to ride 
on her camel and that cloth full of foodstuff was also placed 
in front of her and then the Prophet said to her, "We have not 
taken your water but Allah has given water to us. " She 
returned home late. Her relatives asked her: "O so and so what 
has delayed you?" She said, "A strange thing! Two men met me 
and took me to the man who is called the Sabi ' and he did such 
and such a thing. By Allah, he is either the greatest magician 
between this and this (gesturing with her index and middle 
fingers raising them towards the sky indicating the heaven and 
the earth) or he is Allah's true Apostle." Afterwards the 
Muslims used to attack the pagans around her abode but never 
touched her village. One day she said to her people, "I think 
that these people leave you purposely . Have you got any 
inclination to Islam?" They obeyed her and all of them 
embraced Islam. Abu x Abdullah said: The word Saba' a means "The 
one who has deserted his old religion and embraced a new 
religion. " Abul ' Ally a [??] said, "The S^Abis are a sect of 
people of the Scripture who recite the Book of Psalms. " 
1 . 341 : 



Narrated Abu Wail: Abu Musa said to " Abdullah bin Mas"ud, "If 
one does not find water (for ablution) can he give up the 
prayer?" "Abdullah replied, "If you give the permission to 
perform Tayammum they will perform Tayammum even if water was 
available if one of them found it cold. " Abu Musa said, "What 
about the statement of "Ammar to "Umar?" "Abdullah replied, 

""Umar was not satisfied by his statement . " 

1.342: 

Narrated Shaqiq bin Salama: I was with "Abdullah and Abu Musa; 

the latter asked the former, "O Abu " Abdur -Rahman ! What is 

your opinion if somebody becomes Junub and no water is 

available?" "Abdullah replied, "Do not pray till water is 

found. " Abu Musa said, "What do you say about the statement of 

"Ammar (who was ordered by the Prophet to perform Tayammum) . 
The Prophet said to him: "Perform Tayammum and that would be 
sufficient." "Abdullah replied, "Don't you see that "Umar was 
not satisfied by " Ammar 's statement?" Abu- Musa said, "All 
right, leave " Ammar 's statement, but what will you say about 
this verse (of Tayammum)?" "Abdullah kept quiet and then said, 

"If we allowed it, then they would probably perform Tayammum 
even if water was available, if one of them found it (water) 
cold. " The narrator added, "I said to Shaqiq, "Then did 

"Abdullah dislike to perform Tayammum because of this?" He 

replied, "Yes. " 

1.343: 

Narrated Al-A"mash: Shaqiq said, "While I was sitting with 

"Abdullah and Abu Musa Al-Ash" ari, the latter asked the 
former, 'If a person becomes Junub and does not find water for 
one month, can he perform Tayammum and offer his prayer? ' (He 
applied in the negative) . Abu Musa said, 'What do you say 
about this verse from Sura "Al-Ma' ida" : When you do not find 
water then perform Tayammum with clean earth? "Abdullah 
replied, 'If we allowed it then they would probably perform 
Tayammum with clean earth even if water were available but 
cold. ' I said to Shaqiq, 'You then disliked to perform 
Tayammum because of this?' Shaqiq said, 'Yes. ' (Shaqiq added), 

"Abu Musa said, 'Haven't you heard the statement of "Ammar to 

"Umar? He said: I was sent out by Allah's Apostle for some job 



and I became Junub and could not find water so I rolled myself 
over the dust (clean earth) like an animal does, and when I 
told the Prophet of that he said, 'Like this would have been 
sufficient . ' The Prophet (saying so) lightly stroked the earth 
with his hand once and blew it off, then passed his (left) 
hand over the back of his right hand or his (right) hand over 
the back of his left hand and then passed them over his face. ' 
So "Abdullah said to Abu- Musa, 'Don't you know that "Umar was 
not satisfied with "Ammar's statement?' " Narrated Shaqiq: 
While I was with "Abdullah and Abu Musa, the latter said to 
the former, "Haven 't you heard the statement of "Ammar to 
"Umar? He said, "Allah's Apostle sent you and me out and I 
became Junub and rolled myself in the dust (clean earth) (for 
Tayammum) . When we came to Allah ' s Apostle I told him about it 
and he said, 'This would have been sufficient, ' passing his 
hands over his face and the backs of his hands once only. ' " 
1 . 344 : 

Narrated " Imran bin Husain Al-Khuza" i: Allah's Apostle saw a 
person sitting aloof and not praying with the people. He asked 
him, "O so and so! What prevented you from offering the prayer 
with the people?" He replied, "O Allah's Apostle! I am Junub 
and there is no water. " The Prophet said, "Perform Tayammum 
with clean earth and that will be sufficient for you. " 

Bk. 8: Prayers (Salat) 



1 . 345 : 

Narrated Abu Dhar: Allah's Apostle said, "While I was at Mecca 
the roof of my house was opened and Gabriel descended, opened 
my chest, and washed it with Zamzam water. Then he brought a 
golden tray full of wisdom and faith and having poured its 
contents into my chest, he closed it. Then he took my hand and 
ascended with me to the nearest heaven, when I reached the 
nearest heaven, Gabriel said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, 
'Open (the gate). ' The gatekeeper asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel 
answered: 'Gabriel. ' He asked, 'Is there anyone with you?' 



Gabriel replied, 'Yes, Muhammad I is with me. ' He asked, 'Has 
he been called?' Gabriel said, 'Yes. ' So the gate was opened 
and we went over the nearest heaven and there we saw a man 
sitting with some people on his right and some on his left . 
When he looked towards his right, he laughed and when he 
looked toward his left he wept. Then he said, 'Welcome! O 
pious Prophet and pious son. ' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' He 
replied, 'He is Adam and the people on his right and left are 
the souls of his offspring. Those on his right are the people 
of Paradise and those on his left are the people of Hell and 
when he looks towards his right he laughs and when he looks 
towards his left he weeps. ' Then he ascended with me till he 
reached the second heaven and he (Gabriel) said to its 
gatekeeper, 'Open (the gate) . ' The gatekeeper said to him the 
same as the gatekeeper of the first heaven had said and he 
opened the gate. Anas said: "Abu Dhar added that the Prophet 
met Adam, Idris, Moses, Jesus and Abraham, he (Abu Dhar) did 
not mention on which heaven they were but he mentioned that he 
(the Prophet ) met Adam on the nearest heaven and Abraham on 
the sixth heaven. Anas said, "When Gabriel along with the 
Prophet passed by Idris, the latter said, 'Welcome! O pious 
Prophet and pious brother. ' The Prophet asked, 'Who is he?' 
Gabriel replied, 'He is Idris. " The Prophet added, "I passed 
by Moses and he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious 
brother. ' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He 
is Moses. ' Then I passed by Jesus and he said, 'Welcome! O 
pious brother and pious Prophet. ' I asked, 'Who is he?' 
Gabriel replied, 'He is Jesus. Then I passed by Abraham and he 
said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son. ' I asked 
Gabriel, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Abraham. The 
Prophet added, 'Then Gabriel ascended with me to a place where 
I heard the creaking of the pens. " Ibn Hazm and Anas bin Malik 
said: The Prophet said, "Then Allah enjoined fifty prayers on 
my followers when I returned with this order of Allah, I 
passed by Moses who asked me, 'What has Allah enjoined on your 
followers? ' I replied, 'He has enjoined fifty prayers on 
them. ' Moses said, 'Go back to your Lord (and appeal for 
reduction) for your followers will not be able to bear it. ' 



(So I went back to Allah and requested for reduction) and He 
reduced It to half. When I passed by Moses again and Informed 
him about it, he said, 'Go back to your Lord as your followers 
will not be able to bear it . ' So I returned to Allah and 
requested for further reduction and half of it was reduced. I 
again passed by Moses and he said to me: 'Return to your Lord, 
for your followers will not be able to bear it . So I returned 
to Allah and He said, 'These are five prayers and they are all 

(equal to) fifty (in reward) for My Word does not change. ' I 

returned to Moses and he told me to go back once again. I 

replied, 'Now I feel shy of asking my Lord again. ' Then 

Gabriel took me till we ' ' reached Sidrat-il-Muntaha (Lote 

tree of; the utmost boundary) which was shrouded in colors, 

indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found 

small (tents or) walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of 

musk. " 

1.346: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

the mother of believers : Allah enjoined the prayer when He 

enjoined it, it was two rak^at only (in every prayer) both 

when in residence or on journey. Then the prayers offered on 

journey remained the same, but (the rak" at of) the prayers for 

non-travelers were increased. 

1.347: 

Narrated Urn ^Atiya: We were ordered to bring out our 

menstruating women and veiled women in the religious 

gatherings and invocation of Muslims on the two " Id festivals . 

These menstruating women were to keep away from their Musalla. 

A woman asked, "O Allah ' s Apostle ' What about one who does 

not have a veil?" He said, "Let her share the veil of her 

companion. " 

1.348: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir : Once Jabir prayed with his 

Izar tied to his back while his clothes were Lying beside him 

on a wooden peg. Somebody asked him, "Do you offer your prayer 

in a single Izar?" He replied, "I did so to show it to a fool 

like you. Had anyone of us two garments in the lifetime of the 

Prophet ? " 



1.349: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Al Munkadir: I saw Jabir bin ^Abdullah 
praying in a single garment and he said that he had seen the 
Prophet praying in a single garment . 
1.350: 

Narrated ^Umar bin Abi Salama: The Prophet prayed in one 
garment and crossed its ends. 
1 . 351 : 

Narrated ^Umar bin Abi Salama: I saw the Prophet offering 
prayers in a single garment in the house of Um-Salama and he 
had crossed its ends around his shoulders. 
1.352: 

Narrated % Umar bin Abi Salama: In the house of Um-Salama I saw 
Allah's Apostle offering prayers, wrapped in a single garment 
around his body with its ends crossed round his shoulders. 
1.353: 

Narrated Abu Murra: (the freed slave of Um Hani) Um Hani, the 
daughter of Abi Talib said, "I went to Allah ' s Apostle in the 
year of the conquest of Mecca and found him taking a bath and 
his daughter Fatima was screening him. I greeted him. He 
asked, 'Who is she?' I replied, 'I am Um Hani bint Abi Talib. ' 
He said, 'Welcome! O Um Hani. ' When he finished his bath he 
stood up and prayed eight rak^ at while wearing a single 
garment wrapped round his body and when he finished I said, 'O 
Allah's Apostle ! My brother has told me that he will kill a 
person whom I gave shelter and that person is so and so the 
son of Hubaira. ' The Prophet said, 'We shelter the person whom 
you have sheltered. ' " Um Ham added, "And that was before noon 
(Duha) . 
1 . 354 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: A person asked Allah's Apostle about the 
offering of the prayer in a single garment. Allah's Apostle 
replied, "Has every one of you got two garments?" 
1.355: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "None of you should 
offer prayer in a single garment that does not cover the 
shoulders . " 
1.356: 



Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever prays in 

a single garment must cross its ends (over the shoulders) . 

1.357: 

Narrated Sa^id bin Al-Harith: I asked Jabir bin " Abdullah 

about praying in a single garment. He said, "I traveled with 

the Prophet during some of his journeys, and I came to him at 

night for some purpose and I found him praying. At that time, 

I was wearing a single garment with which I covered my 

shoulders and prayed by his side. When he finished the prayer, 

he asked, 'O Jabir! What has brought you here?' I told him 

what I wanted. When I finished, he asked, 'O Jabir! What is 

this garment which I have seen and with which you covered your 

shoulders? ' I replied, 'It is a (tight) garment. ' He said, 'If 

the garment is large enough, wrap it round the body (covering 

the shoulders) and if it is tight (too short) then use it as 

an Izar (tie it around your waist only.) ' " 

1.358: 

Narrated Sahl: 

The men used to pray with the Prophet with their Izars tied 

around their necks as boys used to do; therefore the Prophet 

told the women not to raise their heads till the men sat down 

straight (while praying) . 

1.359: 

Narrated Mughira bin Shu"ba: Once I was traveling with the 

Prophet and he said, "O Mughira! take this container of 

water. " I took it and Allah's Apostle went far away till he 

disappeared . He answered the call of nature and was wearing a 

Syrian cloak. He tried to take out his hands from its sleeve 

but it was very tight so he took out his hands from under it . 

I poured water and he performed ablution like that for prayers 

and passed his wet hands over his Khuff (socks made from thick 

fabric or leather) and then prayed . 

1.360: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: While Allah's Apostle was 

carrying stones (along) with the people of Mecca for (the 

building of) the Ka x Jba wearing an Izar (waist-sheet cover) , 

his uncle A1-* Abbas said to him, "O my nephew! (It would be 

better) if you take off your Izar and put it over your 



shoulders underneath the stones. " So he took off his Izar and 

put it over his shoulders, but he fell unconscious and since 

then he had never been seen naked. 

1.361: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: A man stood up and asked the Prophet 

about praying in a single garment. The Prophet said, "Has 

every one of you two garments?" A man put a similar question 

to *Umar on which he replied, "When Allah makes you wealthier 

then you should clothe yourself properly during prayers. 

Otherwise one can pray with an Izar and a Rida' (a sheet 

covering the upper part of the body.) Izar and a shirt, Izar 

and a Qaba' , trousers and a Rida, trousers and a shirt or 

trousers and a Qaba ' , Tubban and a Qaba ' or Tubban and a 

shirt . " (The narrator added, "I think that he also said a 

Tubban and a Rida. ") 

1.362: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: A person asked Allah's Apostle, "What 

should a Muhrim wear?" He replied, "He should not wear shirts, 

trousers, a burnus (a hooded cloak) , or clothes which are 

stained with saffron or Wars (a kind of perfume) . Whoever does 

not find a sandal to wear can wear Khuffs (socks made from 

thick fabric or leather) , but these should be cut short so as 

not to cover the ankles. 

1.363: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri Allah's Apostle forbade 

Ishtimal-As-Samma' (wrapping one's body with a garment so that 

one cannot raise its end or take one's hand out of it). He 

also forbade Al-Ihtiba ' (sitting on buttocks with knees close 

to "Abdomen and feet apart with the hands circling the knees) 

while wrapping oneself with a single garment, without having a 

part of it over the private parts. 

1.364: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet forbade two kinds of sales 

i.e. Al-Limais and An-Nibadh (the former is a kind of sale in 

which the deal is completed if the buyer touches a thing, 

without seeing or checking it properly and the latter is a 

kind of a sale in which the deal is completed when the seller 

throws a thing towards the buyer giving him no opportunity to 



see, touch or check it) and (the Prophet forbade) also 
Ishtimal-As-Samma ' and Al-Ihtiba' in a single garment. 
1.365: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: On the Day of Nahr (10th of Dhul-Hijja, 
in the year prior to the last Hajj of the Prophet when Abu 
Bakr was the leader of the pilgrims in that Hajj) Abu Bakr 
sent me along with other announcers to Mina to make a public 
announcement: "No pagan is allowed to perform Hajj after this 
year and no naked person is allowed to perform the Tawaf 
around the Ka"ba. Then Allah's Apostle sent 'All to read out 
the Surat Bara 'a (at-Tauba) to the people; so he made the 
announcement along with us on the day of Nahr in Mina: "No 
pagan is allowed to perform Hajj after this year and no naked 
person is allowed to perform the Tawaf around the Ka"ba. " 
1.366: 
Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir: I went to Jabir bin 

"Abdullah and he was praying wrapped in a garment and his Rida 
was Lying beside him. When he finished the prayers, I said "O 

"Abdullah! You pray (in a single garment) while your Rida' is 
lying beside you. " He replied, "Yes, I did it intentionally so 
that the ignorant ones like you might see me. I saw the 
Prophet praying like this. " 
1.367: 

Narrated "Abdul "Aziz: Anas said, 'When Allah's Apostle 
invaded Khaibar, we offered the Fajr prayer there yearly in 
the morning) when it was still dark. The Prophet rode and Abu 
Talha rode too and I was riding behind Abu Talha. The Prophet 
passed through the lane of Khaibar quickly and my knee was 
touching the thigh of the Prophet . He uncovered his thigh and 
I saw the whiteness of the thigh of the Prophet . When he 
entered the town, he said, 'Allahu Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. 
Whenever we approach near a (hostile) nation (to fight) then 
evil will be the morning of those who have been warned. ' He 
repeated this thrice. The people came out for their jobs and 
some of them said, 'Muhammad (has come) . ' (Some of our 
companions added, "With his army. ") We conquered Khaibar, took 
the captives, and the booty was collected. Dihya came and 
said, 'O Allah's Prophet! Give me a slave girl from the 



captives. ' The Prophet said, 'Go and take any slave girl. ' He 
took Safiya bint Huyai . A man came to the Prophet and said, 'O 
Allah's Apostles! You gave Safiya bint Huyai to Dihya and she 
is the chief mistress of the tribes of Quraidha and An-Nadir 
and she befits none but you. ' So the Prophet said, 'Bring him 
along with her. ' So Dihya came with her and when the Prophet 
saw her, he said to Dihya, 'Take any slave girl other than her 
from the captives . ' Anas added: The Prophet then manumitted 
her and married her. " Thabit asked Anas, "O Abu Hamza! What 
did the Prophet pay her (as Mahr) ? " He said, "Her self was her 
Mahr for he manumitted her and then married her. " Anas added, 
"While on the way, Um Sulaim dressed her for marriage 
(ceremony) and at night she sent her as a bride to the Prophet 
. So the Prophet was a bridegroom and he said, 'Whoever has 
anything (food) should bring it . ' He spread out a leather 
sheet (for the food) and some brought dates and others cooking 
butter. (I think he (Anas) mentioned As-Sawaq) . So they 
prepared a dish of Hais (a kind of meal) . And that was Walima 
(the marriage banquet) of Allah's Apostle . " 
1.368: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to offer the Fajr prayer and some 
believing women covered with their veiling sheets used to 
attend the Fajr prayer with him and then they would return to 
their homes unrecognized . 
1.369: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

the Prophet prayed in a Khamisa (a square garment) having 
marks. During the prayer, he looked at its marks. So when he 
finished the prayer he said, "Take this Khamisa of mine to Abu 
Jahm and get me his Inbijaniya (a woolen garment without 
marks) as it (the Khamisa) has diverted my attention from the 
prayer. " 
1.370: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet said, 'I was looking at its (Khamisa' s) marks 
during the prayers and I was afraid that it may put me in 
trial (by taking away my attention) . 



1.371: 
Narrated Anas: 

^Aisha had a Qlram (a thin marked woolen curtain) with which 

he had screened one side of her home. The Prophet said, "Take 

away this Qiram of yours, as its pictures are still displayed 

in front of me during my prayer (i.e. they divert my attention 

from the prayer) . 

1.372: 

Narrated ^Uqba bin 'Amir: The Prophet was given a silken 

Farruj [??] as a present. He wore it while praying. When he 

had finished his prayer, he took it off violently as if with a 

strong aversion to it and said, "It is not the dress of 

Allah- fearing pious people. " 

1.373: 

Narrated Abu Juhaifa: I saw Allah's Apostle in a red leather 

tent and I saw Bilal taking the remaining water with which the 

Prophet had performed ablution. I saw the people taking the 

utilized water impatiently and whoever got some of it rubbed 

it on his body and those who could not get any took the 

moisture from the others' hands. Then I saw Bilal carrying a 

short spear (or stick) which he planted in the ground. The 

Prophet came out tucking up his red cloak, and led the people 

in prayer and offered two rak* at (facing the Ka^ba) taking a 

short spear (or stick) as a Sutra for his prayer. I saw the 

people and animals passing in front of him beyond the stick. 

1.374: 

Narrated Abu Hazim: Sahl bin Sa^d was asked about the 

(Prophet ' s) pulpit as to what thing it was made of? Sahl 
replied: "None remains alive amongst the people, who knows 
about it better than I. It was made of tamarisk (wood) of the 
forest . So and so, the slave of so and so prepared it for 
Allah's Apostle . When it was constructed and place (in the 
Mosque), Allah's Apostle stood on it facing the Qibla and said 

'Allahu Akbar ' , and the people stood behind him (and led the 
people in prayer) . He recited and bowed and the people bowed 
behind him. Then he raised his head and stepped back, got down 
and prostrated on the ground and then he again ascended the 
pulpit, recited, bowed, raised his head and stepped back, got 



down and prostrate on the ground. So, this is what I know 

about the pulpit. " Ahmad bin Hanbal said, "As the Prophet was 

at a higher level than the people, there is no harm according 

to the above-mentioned Hadith if the Imam is at a higher level 

than his followers during the prayers. " 

1.375: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once Allah's Apostle fell off a horse 

and his leg or shoulder got injured. He swore that he would 

not go to his wives for one month and he stayed in a Mashruba 

[??] (attic room) having stairs made of date palm trunks. So 

his companions came to visit him, and he led them in prayer 

sitting, whereas his companions were standing. When he 

finished the prayer, he said, "Imam is meant to be followed, 

so when he says 'Allahu Akbar, ' say 'Allahu Akbar ' and when he 

bows, bow and when he prostrates, prostrate and if he prays 

standing pray, standing . After the 29th day the Prophet came 

down (from the attic room) and the people asked him, "O 

Allah's Apostle! You swore that you will not go to your wives 

for one month. " He said, "The month is 29 days. " 

1.376: 

Narrates "Abdullah bin Shaddad: Maimuna said, "Allah ' s Apostle 

was praying while I was in my menses, sitting beside him and 

sometimes his clothes would touch me during his prostration . " 

Maimuna added, "He prayed on a Khumra (a small mat sufficient 

just for the face and the hands while prostrating during 

prayers) . 

1.377: 

Narrated ' Is-haq: 

Anas bin Malik said, "My grandmother Mulaika invited Allah's 

Apostle for a meal which she herself had prepared. He ate from 

it and said, 'Get up! I will lead you in the prayer. ' " Anas 

added, "I took my Hasir, washed it with water as it had become 

dark because of long use and Allah's Apostle stood on it. The 

orphan (Damira or Ruh) and I aligned behind him and the old 

lady (Mulaika) stood behind us. Allah's Apostle led us in the 

prayer and offered two rak" at and then left. " 

1.378: 

Narrated Maimuna: 



Allah's Apostle used to pray on Khumra. 

1.379: 

Narrated Abu Salama: "Aisha the wife of the Prophet said, "I 

used to sleep in front o Allah's Apostle and my legs were 

opposite his Qibla and in prostration he pushed my legs and I 

withdrew then and when he stood, I stretched them. ' "Aisha 

added, "In those days the houses were without lights. " 

1.380: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah Apostle prayed while I was lying like a dead body on his 

family bed between him and his Qibla. 

1 . 381 : 

Na rra ted * Urwa : 

The Prophet prayed while "Aisha was lying between him and his 

Qibla on the bed on which they used to sleep. 

1.382: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: We used to pray with the Prophet and 

some of us used to place the ends of their clothes at the 

place of prostration because of scorching heat . 

1.383: 

Narrated Abu Maslama: Sa" id bin Yazid Al-Azdi: I asked Anas 

bin Malik whether the Prophet had ever, prayed with his shoes 

on. He replied "Yes. " 

1.384: 

Narrated Ibrahim: 

Hammam bin Al-Harith said, "I saw Jarir bin "Abdullah 

urinating . Then he performed ablution and passed his (wet) 

hands over his Khuffs (socks made from thick fabric or 

leather) , stood up and prayed. He was asked about it. He 

replied that he had seen the Prophet doing the same. " They 

approved of this narration as Jarir was one of those who 

embraced Islam very late. 

1.385.1: 

Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu"ba: I helped the Prophet in 

performing ablution and he passed his wet hands over his 

Khuffs (socks made from thick fabric or leather) and prayed. 

1.385.2: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Malik: Ibn Buhaina, "When the Prophet 



prayed, he used to separate his arms from his body so widely 
that the whiteness of his armpits was visible. " 
1.386: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever prays 
like us and faces our Qibla and eats our slaughtered animals 
is a Muslim and is under Allah's and His Apostle's protection. 
So do not betray Allah by betraying those who are in His 
protection . " 
1.387: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle said, "I have been 
ordered to fight the people till they say: 'None has the right 
to be worshipped but Allah. ' And if they say so, pray like our 
prayers, face our Qibla and slaughter as we slaughter, then 
their blood and property will be sacred to us and we will not 
interfere with them except legally and their reckoning will be 
with Allah. " Narrated Maimun bin Siyah that he asked Anas bin 
Malik, "O Abu Hamza! What makes the life and property of a 
person sacred?" He replied, "Whoever says, 'None has the right 
to be worshipped but Allah ' , faces our Qibla during the 
prayers, prays like us and eats our slaughtered animal, then 
he is a Muslim, and has got the same rights and obligations as 
other Muslims have. " 
1.388: 

Narrated Abu Aiyub Al-Ansari : The Prophet said, "While 
defecating, neither face nor turn your back to the Qibla but 
face either east or west. " Abu Aiyub added. "When we arrived 
in Sham we came across some lavatories facing the Qibla; 
therefore we turned ourselves while using them and asked for 
Allah's forgiveness." 
1.389: 

Narrated *Amr bin Dinar: I asked Ibn ^Umar, "Can a person who 
has performed the Tawaf around the Ka^ba for "Umra but has not 
performed the (Sa"i) Tawaf of Safa and Marwa, have a sexual 
relation with his wife?" Ibn ^Umar replied "When the Prophet 
reached Mecca he performed the Tawaf around the Ka x iba 
(circumambulated it seven times) and offered a two-rak^ at 
prayer (at the place) behind the station (of Abraham) and then 
performed the Tawaf (Sa^i) of Safa and Marwa, and verily in 



Allah's Apostle you have a good example. " Then we put the same 
question to Jabir bin * Abdullah and he too replied, "He should 
not go near his wife (for sexual relation) till he has 
finished the Tawaf of Safa and Marwa. " 
1.390: 

Narrated Mujahid: 

Someone came to Ibn *Umar and said, "Here is Allah's Apostle 
entering the Ka % iba . " Ibn x Umar said, "I went there but the 
Prophet had come out of the Ka x Jba and I found Bilal standing 
between its two doors. I asked Bilal, 'Did the Prophet pray in 
the Ka^ba?' Bilal replied, 'Yes, he prayed two rak^at between 
the two pillars which are to your left on entering the Ka^ba. 
Then Allah's Apostle came out and offered a two-rak* at prayer 
facing the Ka^ba. ' " 
1 . 391 : 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: When the Prophet entered the Ka^ba, he 
invoked Allah in each and every side of it and did not pray 
till he came out of it, and offered a two-rak^ at prayer facing 
the Ka^ba and said, "This is the Qibla. " 
1.392: 

Narrated Bara' bin ^Azib: Allah's Apostle prayed facing 
Baitul-Maqdis for sixteen or seventeen months but he loved to 
face the Ka^ba (at Mecca) so Allah revealed: "Verily, We have 
seen the turning of your face to the heaven!" (2:144) So the 
Prophet faced the Ka^ba and the fools amongst the people 
namely "the Jews" said, "What has turned them from their Qibla 
(Baitul-Maqdis) which they formerly observed"" (Allah 
revealed): "Say: 'To Allah belongs the East and the West. He 
guides whom he will to a straight path' . " (2:142) A man prayed 
with the Prophet (facing the Ka *ba) and went out . He saw some 
of the Ansar praying the ^Asr prayer with their faces towards 
Baitul-Maqdis , he said, "I bear witness that I prayed with 
Allah's Apostle facing the Ka^ba." So all the people turned 
their faces towards the Ka^ba. 
1.393: 

Narrated Jabir: 

Allah's Apostle used to pray (optional, non-obligatory prayer) 
while riding on his mount (Rahila) wherever it turned, and 



whenever he wanted to pray the compulsory prayer he dismounted 
and prayed facing the Qibla . 
1 . 394 : 

Narrated " Abdullah: The Prophet prayed (and the sub-narrator 
Ibrahim said, "I do not know whether he prayed more or less 
than usual ") , and when he had finished the prayers he was 
asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Has there been any change in the 
prayers?" He said, "What is it?' The people said, "You have 
prayed so much and so much. " So the Prophet bent his legs, 
faced the Qibla and performed two prostration' s (of Sahu) and 
finished his prayers with Taslim (by turning his face to right 
and left saying: 'As-Salamu ^ Alaikum-Warahmat-ullah' ) . When he 
turned his face to us he said, "If there had been anything 
changed in the prayer, surely I would have informed you but I 
am a human being like you and liable to forget like you. So if 
I forget remind me and if anyone of you is doubtful about his 
prayer, he should follow what he thinks to be correct and 
complete his prayer accordingly and finish it and do two 
prostrations (of Sahu) . 
1.395: 

Narrated % Umar (bin Al-Khattab) : My Lord agreed with me in 
three things: -1 . I said, "O Allah's Apostle, I wish we took 
the station of Abraham as our praying place (for some of our 
prayers) . So came the Divine Inspiration: And take you 

(people) the station of Abraham as a place of prayer (for some 
of your prayers e.g. two rak" at of Tawaf of Ka^ba) ". (2.125) 
-2. And as regards the (verse of) the veiling of the women, I 
said, 'O Allah's Apostle! I wish you ordered your wives to 
cover themselves from the men because good and bad ones talk 
to them. ' So the verse of the veiling of the women was 
revealed. -3. Once the wives of the Prophet made a united 
front against the Prophet and I said to them, 'It may be if he 

(the Prophet) divorced you, (all) that his Lord (Allah) will 
give him instead of you wives better than you. ' So this verse 

(the same as I had said) was revealed." (66.5). 
1.396: 

Narrated Anas: 
as above (395) . 



1.397: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: While the people were offering 
the Fajr prayer at Quba ' (near Medina) , someone came to them 
and said: "It has been revealed to Allah ' s Apostle tonight, 
and he has been ordered to pray facing the Ka"ba. " So turn 
your faces to the Ka"ba. Those people were facing Sham 

(Jerusalem) so they turned their faces towards Ka"ba (at 
Mecca) . 
1.398: 

Narrated "Abdullah: "Once the Prophet offered five rak" at in 
Zuhr prayer. He was asked, "Is there an increase in the 
prayer?" The Prophet said, "And what is it?" They said, "You 
have prayed five rak" at . ' So he bent his legs and performed 
two prostrations (of Sahu) . 
1.399: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet saw some sputum in the 
direction of the Qibla (on the wall of the mosque) and he 
disliked that and the sign of disgust was apparent from his 
face. So he got up and scraped it off with his hand and said, 

"Whenever anyone of you stands for the prayer, he is speaking 

in private to his Lord or his Lord is between him and his 

Qibla. So, none of you should spit in the direction of the 

Qibla but one can spit to the left or under his foot . " The 

Prophet then took the corner of his sheet and spat in it and 

folded it and said, "Or you can do like this. " 

1.400: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle saw sputum on 

the wall of the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and 

scraped it off. He faced the people and said, "Whenever any 

one of you is praying, he should not spit in front of him 

because in the prayer Allah is in front of him. " 

1.401: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

(the mother of faithful believers) Allah ' s Apostle saw some 
nasal secretions, expectoration or sputum on the wall of the 
mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off. 
1.402: 



Narrated Abu Huralra and Abu Sa^id: Allah's Apostle saw some 

expectoration on the wall of the mosque; he took gravel and 

scraped it off and said, "If anyone of you wanted to spit he 

should neither spit in front of him nor on his right but he 

could spit either on his left or under his left foot . " 

1.403: 

Narrated Abu Huraira and Abu Sa^id: Allah's Apostle saw some 

expectoration on the wall of the mosque; he took gravel and 

scraped it off and said, "If anyone of you wanted to spit, he 

should neither spit in front of him nor on his right but could 

spit either on his left or under his left foot . " 

1.404: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "None of you should spit in front or on his 

right but he could spit either on his left or under his foot . " 

1.405: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "A faithful 

believer while in prayer is speaking in private to his Lord, 

so he should neither spit in front of him nor to his right 

side but he could spit either on his left or under his foot . " 

1.406: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: The Prophet saw sputum on (the wall of) 

the mosque in the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off 

with gravel . Then he forbade Spitting in front or on the 

right, but allowed it on one's left or under one's left foot. 

1.401: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Spitting in the 

mosque is a sin and its expiation is to bury it . " 

1.408: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Prophet said, "If anyone of you stands 

for prayer, he should not spit in front of him because in 

prayer he is speaking in private to Allah and he should not 

spit on his right as there is an angel, but he can spit either 

on his left or under his left foot and bury it (i.e. 

expectoration) . 

1.409: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet saw expectoration (on the wall of the mosque) in 



the direction of the Qibla and scraped it off with his hand. 

It seemed that he disliked it and the sign of disgust was 

apparent from his face. He said, "If anyone of you stands for 

the prayer, he is speaking in private to his Lord, (or) his 

Lord is between him and his Qibla, therefore he should not 

spit towards his Qibla, but he could spit either on his left 

or under his foot . " Then he took the corner of his sheet and 

spat in it, folded it and said, "Or do like this. " 

1.410: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Do you consider 

or see that my face is towards the Qibla? By Allah, neither 

your submissiveness nor your bowing is hidden from me, surely 

I see you from my back. " 

1 . 411 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet led us in a prayer and 

then got up on the pulpit and said, "In your prayer and 

bowing, I certainly see you from my back as I see you (while 

looking at you.)" 

1.412: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle ordered for a 

horse race; the trained horses were to run from a place called 

Al-Hafya' to Thaniyat Al-Wada^ and the horses which were not 

trained were to run from Al-Thaniya to the Masjid (mosque of) 

Bani Zuraiq. The sub narrator added: Ibn % Umar was one of 

those who took part in the race. 

1.413: 

Narrated Anas: 

Some goods came to Allah's Apostle from Bahrain. The Prophet 

ordered the people to spread them in the mosque — it was the 

biggest amount of goods Allah's Apostle had ever received. He 

left for prayer and did not even look at it . After finishing 

the prayer, he sat by those goods and gave from those to 

everybody he saw. Al-^ Abbas came to him and said, "O Allah's 

Apostle! give me (something) too, because I gave ransom for 

myself and "Aqil" . Allah's Apostle told him to take. So he 

stuffed his garment with it and tried to carry it away but he 

failed to do so. He said, "O Allah's Apostle! Order someone to 

help me in lifting it. " The Prophet refused. He then said to 



the Prophet: Will you please help me to lift it?" Allah's 

Apostle refused. Then A1-" Abbas threw some of it and tried to 

lift it (but failed). He again said, "O Allah's Apostle Order 

someone to help me to lift it. " He refused. A1-" Abbas then 

said to the Prophet: "Will you please help me to lift it?" He 

again refused. Then A1-" Abbas threw some of it, and lifted it 

on his shoulders and went away. Allah's Apostle kept on 

watching him till he disappeared from his sight and was 

astonished at his greediness. Allah's Apostle did not get up 

till the last coin was distributed. 

1.414: 

Narrated Anas: 

I found the Prophet in the mosque along with some people. He 

said to me, "Did Abu Talha send you?" I said, "Yes". He said, 

"For a meal?" I said, "Yes. " Then he said to his companions, 

"Get up. " They set out and I was ahead of them. 

1.415: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa"d: A man said, "O Allah's Apostle! If a 

man finds another man with his wife, (committing adultery) 

should the husband kill him?" Later on I saw them (the man and 

his wife) doing Li "an in the mosque (taking oaths, one 

accusing, and the other denying adultery) . 

1.416: 

Narrated " Itban bin Malik: The Prophet came to my house and 

said, "Where do you like me to pray?" I pointed to a place. 

The Prophet then said, "Allahu Akbar", and we aligned behind 

him and he offered a two-rak" at prayer. 

1.411: 

Narrated "Itban bin Malik: who was one of the companions of 

Allah's Apostle and one of the Ansar's who took part in the 

battle of Badr: I came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's 

Apostle I have weak eyesight and I lead my people in prayers. 

When it rains the water flows in the valley between me and my 

people so I cannot go to their mosque to lead them in prayer. 

O Allah's Apostle! I wish you would come to my house and pray 

in it so that I could take that place as a Musalla. Allah's 

Apostle said. "Allah willing, I will do so. " Next day after 

the sun rose high, Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr came and 



Allah's Apostle asked for permission to enter. I gave him 

permission and he did not sit on entering the house but said 

to me, "Where do you like me to pray?" I pointed to a place in 

my house. So Allah's Apostle stood there and said, 'Allahu 

Akbar ' , and we all got up and aligned behind him and offered a 

two-rak^ at prayer and ended it with Taslim. We requested him 

to stay for a meal called "Khazira" which we had prepared for 

him. Many members of our family gathered in the house and one 

of them said, "Where is Malik bin Al-Dukhaishin or Ibn 

Al-Dukhshun?" One of them replied, "He is a hypocrite and does 

not love Allah and His Apostle. " Hearing that, Allah's Apostle 

said, "Do not say so. Haven't you seen that he said, 'None has 

the right to be worshipped but Allah' for Allah's sake only?" 

He said, "Allah and His Apostle know better. We have seen him 

helping and advising hypocrites. " Allah's Apostle said, "Allah 

has forbidden the (Hell) fire for those who say, 'None has the 

right to be worshipped but Allah' for Allah's sake only. " 

1.418: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

The Prophet used to start every thing from the right (for good 

things) whenever it was possible in all his affairs; for 

example: in washing, combing or wearing shoes. 

1.419: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

Um Habiba and Um Salama mentioned about a church they had seen 

in Ethiopia in which there were pictures . They told the 

Prophet about it, on which he said, "If any religious man dies 

amongst those people they would build a place of worship at 

his grave and make these pictures in it . They will be the 

worst creature in the sight of Allah on the Day of 

Resurrection. " 

1.420: 

Narrated Anas: 

When the Prophet arrived Medina he dismounted at 

s Awali-i-Medina amongst a tribe called Banu "Amr bin ^Auf. He 

stayed there For fourteen nights. Then he sent for Bani 

An-Najjar and they came armed with their swords. As if I am 

looking (just now) as the Prophet was sitting over his Rahila 



(Mount) with Abu Bakr riding behind him and all Banu An-Najjar 
around him till he dismounted at the courtyard of Abu Aiyub's 
house. The Prophet loved to pray wherever the time for the 
prayer was due even at sheep-folds. Later on he ordered that a 
mosque should be built and sent for some people of 
Banu-An-Naj jar and said, "O Banu An-Najjar! Suggest to me the 
price of this (walled) piece of land of yours. " They replied, 

"No! By Allah! We do not demand its price except from Allah. " 
Anas added: There were graves of pagans in it and some of it 
was unleveled and there were some date-palm trees in it . The 
Prophet ordered that the graves of the pagans be dug out and 
the unleveled land be level led and the date-palm trees be cut 
down . (So all that was done) . They aligned these cut 
date-palm trees towards the Qibla of the mosque (as a wall) 
and they also built two stone side-walls (of the mosque) . His 
companions brought the stones while reciting some poetic 
verses. The Prophet was with them and he kept on saying, 

"There is no goodness except that of the Hereafter, O Allah! 

So please forgive the Ansars and the emigrants . " 

1 . 421 : 

Narrated Abu Al-Taiyah [??] : Anas said, "The Prophet prayed 

in the sheep fold. " Later on I heard him saying, "He prayed in 

the sheep folds before the construction of the, mosque. " 

1.422: 

Narrated Nafi " ; 

"I saw Ibn "Umar praying while taking his camel as a Sutra in 

front of him and he said, "I saw the Prophet doing the same. " 

1 . 423 : 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Abbas: The sun eclipsed and Allah's 

Apostle offered the eclipse prayer and said, "I have been 

shown the Hellfire (now) and I never saw a worse and horrible 

sight than the sight I have seen today. " 

1 . 424 : 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet had said, "Offer some of your 

prayers (Nawafil) at home, and do not take your houses as 

graves. " 

1 . 425 : 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Do not 



enter (the places) of these people where Allah's punishment 
had fallen unless you do so weeping. If you do not weep, do 
not enter (the places of these people) because Allah ' s curse 
and punishment which fell upon them may fall upon you. " 
1.426: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Um Salama told Allah's Apostle about a church which she had 
seen in Ethiopia and which was called Mariya. She told him 
about the pictures which she had seen in it. Allah's Apostle 
said, "If any righteous pious man dies amongst them, they 
would build a place of worship at his grave and make these 
pictures in it; they are the worst creatures in the sight of 
Allah . " 
1.427: 

Narrated ^Aisha and v Abdullah bin x Abbas: When the last moment 
of the life of Allah's Apostle came he started putting his 
'Khamisa ' on his face and when he felt hot and short of breath 
he took it off his face and said, "May Allah curse the Jews 
and Christians for they built the places of worship at the 
graves of their Prophets. " The Prophet was warning (Muslims) 
of what those had done. 
1.428: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah's curse 
be on the Jews for they built the places of worship at the 
graves of their Prophets . " 
1.429: 

Narrated Jabir bin % Abdullah: Allah's Apostle said, "I have 
been given five things which were not given to any amongst the 
Prophets before me. These are: -1 . Allah made me victorious by 
awe (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one 
month's journey. -2. The earth has been made for me (and for 
my followers) a place for praying and a thing to perform 
Tayammum. Therefore my followers can pray wherever the time of 
a prayer is due. -3. The booty has been made Halal (lawful) 
for me (and was not made so for anyone else) . -4 . Every 
Prophet used to be sent to his nation exclusively but I have 
been sent to all mankind. -5. I have been given the right of 
intercession (on the Day of Resurrection.) 



1.430: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

There was a black slave girl belonging to an 'Arab tribe and 
they manumitted her but she remained with them. The slave girl 
said, "Once one of their girls (of that tribe) came out 
wearing a red leather scarf decorated with precious stones. It 
fell from her or she placed it somewhere. A kite passed by 
that place, saw it Lying there and mistaking it for a piece of 
meat, flew away with it. Those people searched for it but they 
did not find it . So they accused me of stealing it and started 
searching me and even searched my private parts. " The slave 
girl further said, "By Allah! while I was standing (in that 
state) with those people, the same kite passed by them and 
dropped the red scarf and it fell amongst them. I told them, 
'This is what you accused me of and I was innocent and now 
this is it.' " "Aisha added: That slave girl came to Allah's 
Apostle and embraced Islam. She had a tent or a small room 
with a low roof in the mosque. Whenever she called on me, she 
had a talk with me and whenever she sat with me, she would 
recite the following: "The day of the scarf (band) was one of 
the wonders of our Lord, verily He rescued me from the 
disbelievers' town. "Aisha added: "Once I asked her, 'What is 
the matter with you? Whenever you sit with me, you always 
recite these poetic verses. ' On that she told me the whole 
story. " 
1 . 431 : 

Narrated Naf^a [??] ; "Abdullah bin "Umar said: I used to 
sleep in the mosque of the Prophet while I was young and 
unmarried . 
1.432: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa"d: Allah's Apostle went to Fatima's house 
but did not find "All there. So he asked, "Where is your 
cousin?" She replied, "There was something between us and he 
got angry with me and went out . He did not sleep (midday nap) 
in the house. " Allah's Apostle asked a person to look for him. 
That person came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! He (Ali) is 
sleeping in the mosque. " Allah's Apostle went there and "Ali 
was lying. His upper body cover had fallen down to one side of 



his body and he was covered with dust. Allah's Apostle started 

cleaning the dust from him saying: "Get up! O Aba Turab. Get 

up! O Aba Turab (literally means: O father of dust) . 

1.433: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I saw seventy of As-Suffa men and none 

of them had a Rida ' (a garment covering the upper part of the 

body) . They had either Izars (only) or sheets which they tied 

round their necks. Some of these sheets reached the middle of 

their legs and some reached their heels and they used to 

gather them with their hands lest their private parts should 

become naked. 

1 . 434 : 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: I went to the Prophet in the 

mosque (the sub-narrator Mas" ar thought that Jabir had said, 

"In the forenoon. ") He ordered me to pray two rak" at . He owed 
me some money and he repaid it to me and gave more than what 
was due to me. 
1.435: 

Narrated Abu Qatada Al-Aslami: Allah's Apostle said, "If 
anyone of you enters a mosque, he should pray two rak" at 
before sitting. " 
1.436: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The angels keep 
on asking Allah ' s forgiveness for anyone of you, as long as he 
is at his Musalla (praying place) and he does not pass wind 

(Hadath) . They say, 'O Allah! Forgive him, O Allah! be 
Merciful to him. " 
1.437: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: In the lifetime of Allah's 
Apostle the mosque was built of adobes, its roof of the leaves 
of date-palms and its pillars of the stems of date-palms. Abu 
Bakr did not alter it. "Umar expanded it on the same pattern 
as it was in the lifetime of Allah's Apostle by using adobes, 
leaves of date-palms and changing the pillars into wooden 
ones. "Uthman changed it by expanding it to a great extent and 
built its walls with engraved stones and lime and made its 
pillars of engraved stones and its roof of teak wood. 
1.438: 



Narrated "Ikrima: 

Ibn " Abbas said to me and to his son "Ali, "Go to Abu Sa" id 

and listen to what he narrates . " So we went and found him in a 

garden looking after it. He picked up his Rida' , wore it and 

sat down and started narrating till the topic of the 

construction of the mosque reached. He said, "We were carrying 

one adobe at a time while "Ammar was carrying two. The Prophet 

saw him and started removing the dust from his body and said, 

"May Allah be Merciful to " Ammar. He will be inviting them 

(i.e. his murderers, the rebellious group) to Paradise and 

they will invite him to Hell- fire. " "Ammar said, "I seek 

refuge with Allah from affliction. " 

1.439: 

Narrated Sahl : 

Allah's Apostle sent someone to a woman telling her to "Order 

her slave, carpenter, to prepare a wooden pulpit for him to 

sit on. " 

1.440: 

Narrated Jabir: 

A woman said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I get something 

constructed for you to sit on as I have a slave who is a 

carpenter?" He replied, "Yes, if you like. " So she had that 

pulpit constructed. 

1 . 441 : 

Narrated 'Ubaidullah Al-Khaulani : I heard "Uthman bin "Affan 

saying, when people argued too much about his intention to 

reconstruct the mosque of Allah's Apostle, "You have talked 

too much. I heard the Prophet saying, 'Whoever built a mosque, 

(Bukair thought that "Asim, another sub-narrator, added, 

"Intending Allah's Pleasure") , Allah would build for him a 

similar place in Paradise . ' " 

1.442: 

Narrated "Amr: 

I heard Jabir bin "Abdullah saying, "A man passed through the 

mosque carrying arrows. Allah's Apostle said to him, 'Hold 

them by their heads. ' " 

1.443: 

Narrated Abu Burda bin "Abdullah: (on the authority of his 



father) The Prophet said, "Whoever passes through our mosques 

or markets with arrows should hold them by their heads lest he 

should injure a Muslim. " 

1.444: 

Narrated Hassan bin Thabit Al-Ansari : I asked Abu Huraira "By 

Allah! Tell me the truth whether you heard the Prophet saying, 

'O Hassan! Reply on behalf of Allah's Apostle. O Allah! Help 
him with the Holy Spirit. " Abu Huraira said, "Yes . " 
1.445: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Once I saw Allah's Apostle at the door of my house while some 
Ethiopians were playing in the mosque (displaying their skill 
with spears) . Allah ' s Apostle was screening me with his Rida ' 
so as to enable me to see their display. (^Urwa said that 

^Aisha said, "I saw the Prophet and the Ethiopians were 
playing with their spears. ") 
1.446: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Barira came to seek my help regarding her manumission. I told 
herself you like I would pay your price to your masters but 
your Wala ' (allegiance) would be for me. " Her masters said, 

"If you like, you can pay what remains (of the price of her 
manumission) , (Sufyan the sub-narrator once said) , or if you 
like you can manumit her, but her (inheritance) Al-Wala would 
be for us. "When Allah's Apostle came, I spoke to him about 
it. He said, "Buy her and manumit her. No doubt Al-Wala' is 
for the manumitted. " Then Allah's Apostle stood on the pulpit 

(or Allah's Apostle ascended the pulpit as Sufyan once said), 

and said, "What about some people who impose conditions which 

are not present in Allah's Book (Laws)? Whoever imposes 

conditions which are not in Allah's Book (Laws), his 

conditions will be invalid even if he imposed them a hundred 

times. " 

1.447: 

Narrated Ka^b: 

In the mosque 1 asked Ibn Abi Hadrad to pay the debts which he 

owed to me and our voices grew louder. Allah ' s Apostle heard 

that while he was in his house. So he came to us raising the 



curtain of his room and said, "O Ka"b!" I replied, "Labalk, O 

Allah's Apostle! " He said, "O Ka*b! reduce your debt to one 

half, " gesturing with his hand. I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I 

have done so. " Then Allah's Apostle said (to Ibn Abl Hadrad) , 

"Get up and pay the debt to him. " 

1.448: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: A black man or a black woman used to 

sweep the mosque and he or she died. The Prophet asked about 

her (or him) . He was told that she (or he) had died. He said, 

"Why did you not Inform me? Show me his grave (or her grave) . " 

So he went to her (his) grave and offered her (his) funeral 

prayer. " 

1.449: 

Narrated ^Alsha : 

When the verses of Surat "Al-Baqara" ' about the usury Rlba 

were revealed, the Prophet went to the mosque and recited them 

In front of the people and then banned the trade of alcohol . 

1.450.1: 

Narrated Abu Rafl x ; Abu Huralra said, "A man or a woman used 

to clean the mosque. " (A sub-narrator said, 'Most probably a 

woman. . ') Then he narrated the Hadlth of the Prophet where It 

Is mentioned that he offered her funeral prayer at her grave. 

1.450.2: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: "The Prophet said, "Last night a big 

demon f x Ifreet) from the Jlnns came to me and wanted to 

Interrupt (or confuse [??] ) my prayer, but Allah enabled me 

to overpower him. I wanted to fasten him to one of the pillars 

of the mosque so that all of you could See him In the morning 

but I remembered the statement of my brother Solomon (as 

stated In Qur'an) : My Lord! Forgive me and bestow on me a 

kingdom such as shall not belong to anybody after me (38 .35) . " 

The sub narrator Rauh said, "He (the demon) was dismissed 

humiliated. " 

1 . 451 : 

Narrated Abu Huralra: The Prophet sent some horsemen to Najd 

and they brought a man called Thumama bin Uthal from Banl 

Hanlfa. They fastened him to one of the pillars of the mosque. 

The Prophet came and ordered them to release him. He went to a 



(garden of) date-palms near the mosque, took a bath and 
entered the, mosque again and said, "None has the right to be 
worshipped but Allah an Muhammad is His Apostle (i.e. he 
embraced Islam) . 
1.452: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

On the day of Al-Khandaq (battle of the Trench ' the medial arm 
vein of Sa^d bin Mu^ad [??] was injured and the Prophet 
pitched a tent in the mosque to look after him. There was 
another tent for Banu Ghaffar in the mosque and the blood 
started flowing from Sard's tent to the tent of Bani Ghaffar. 
They shouted, "O occupants of the tent ! What is coming from 
you to us?" They found that Sa^d' wound was bleeding profusely 
and Sa^d died in his tent. 
1.453: 

Narrated Urn Salama: I complained to Allah's Apostle that I was 
sick. He told me to perform the Tawaf behind the people while 
riding. So I did so and Allah's Apostle was praying beside the 
Ka*ba and reciting the Sura starting with "Wat-tur wa kitabin 
mastur. " 
1 . 454 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Two of the companions of the Prophet 
departed from him on a dark night and were led by two lights 
like lamps (going in front of them from Allah as a miracle) 
lighting the way in front of them, and when they parted, each 
of them was accompanied by one of these lights till he reached 
their (respective) houses. 
1.455: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : The Prophet delivered a sermon 
and said, "Allah gave a choice to one of (His) slaves either 
to choose this world or what is with Him in the Hereafter. He 
chose the latter. " Abu Bakr wept. I said to myself, "Why is 
this Sheikh weeping, if Allah gave choice to one (of His) 
slaves either to choose this world or what is with Him in the 
Here after and he chose the latter?" And that slave was 
Allah's Apostle himself. Abu Bakr knew more than us. The 
Prophet said, "O Abu Bakr! Don't weep. The Prophet added: Abu- 
Bakr has favored me much with his property and company. If I 



were to take a Khalil from mankind I would certainly have 

taken Abu Bakr but the Islamic brotherhood and friendship is 

sufficient . Close all the gates in the mosque except that of 

Abu Bakr. 

1.456: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: "Allah' s Apostle in his fatal illness 

came out with a piece of cloth tied round his head and sat on 

the pulpit . After thanking and praising Allah he said, "There 

is no one who had done more favor to me with life and property 

than Abu Bakr bin Abi Quhafa. If I were to take a Khalil, I 

would certainly have taken Abu- Bakr but the Islamic 

brotherhood is superior. Close all the small doors in this 

mosque except that of Abu Bakr. " 

1.457: 

Narrated Nafi N : 

Ibn "Umar said, "The Prophet arrived at Mecca and sent for 

^Uthman bin Talha. He opened the gate of the Ka^ba and the 
Prophet, Bilal, Usama bin Zaid and ^Uthman bin Talha entered 
the Ka % Jba and then they closed its door (from inside) . They 
stayed there for an hour, and then came out . " Ibn " Umar added, 

"I quickly went to Bilal and asked him (whether the Prophet 
had prayed) . Bilal replied, 'He prayed in it . ' I asked, 

'Where?' He replied, 'Between the two pillars. ' "Ibn ^Umar 
added, "I forgot to ask how many rak^at he (the Prophet) had 
prayed in the Ka^ba. " 
1.458: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle sent some horse men to 
Najd and they brought a man called Thumama bin Uthal from Bani 
Hanifa. They fastened him to one of the pillars of the mosque. 
1.459: 

Narrated Al-Sa ' ib bin Yazid: I was standing in the mosque and 
somebody threw a gravel at me. I looked and found that he was 

^Umar bin Al-Khattab. He said to me, "Fetch those two men to 
me. " When I did, he said to them, "Who are you? (Or) where do 
you come from?" They replied, "We are from Ta'if." *Umar said, 

"Were you from this city (Medina) I would have punished you 
for raising your voices in the mosque of Allah's Apostle. " 
1.460: 



Narrated Ka^b bin Malik: During the lifetime of Allah's 
Apostle I asked Ibn Abi Hadrad in the mosque to pay the debts 
which he owed to me and our voices grew so loud that Allah's 
Apostle heard them while he was in his house. So he came to us 
after raising the curtain of his room. The Prophet said, "O 
Ka^b bin Malik!" I replied, "Labaik, O Allah's Apostle. " He 
gestured with his hand to me to reduce the debt to one half. I 
said, "O Allah's Apostle have done it. " Allah's Apostle said 

(to Ibn Hadrad) , "Get up and pay it." 

1.461: 

Narrated Nafi v ; 

Ibn "Umar said, "While the Prophet was on the pulpit, a man 

asked him how to offer the night prayers. He replied, 'Pray 

two rak" at at a time and then two and then two and so on, and 

if you are afraid of the dawn (the approach of the time of the 

Fajr prayer) pray one rak"a and that will be the witr for all 

the rak^at which you have offered. " Ibn "Umar said, "The last 

rak^at of the night prayer should be odd, for the Prophet 

ordered it to be so. 

1.462: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: A man came to the Prophet while he was 

delivering the sermon and asked him how to offer the night 

prayers. The Prophet replied, 'Pray two rak^at at a time and 

then two and then two and so on and if you are afraid of dawn 

(the approach of the time of the Fajr prayer) pray one rak^a 
and that will be the with for all the rak^at which you have 
prayed. " Narrated ' Ubaidullah bin "Abdullah bin "Umar: A man 
called the Prophet while he was in the mosque. 
1.463: 

Narrated Abu Waqid al-Laithi : While Allah's Apostle was 
sitting in the mosque (with some people) three men came, two 
of them came in front of Allah's Apostle and the third one 
went away, and then one of them found a place in the circle 
and sat there while the second man sat behind the gathering, 
and the third one went away. When Allah's Apostle finished his 
preaching, he said, "Shall I tell you about these three 
persons? One of them betook himself to Allah and so Allah 
accepted him and accommodated him; the second felt shy before 



Allah so Allah did the same for him and sheltered him In His 
Mercy (and did not punish him) , while the third turned his 
face from Allah, and went away, so Allah turned His face from 
him likewise. 
1.464: 

Narrated * Abb ad bin Tamlm: that his uncle said, "I saw Allah ' s 
Apostle lying flat (on his back) In the mosque with one leg on 
the other. " Narrated Sa^ld bin Al-Musalyab that "Umar and 

^Uthman used to do the same. 

1.465: 

Narrated ^Alsha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) I had seen my parents following 
Islam since I attained the age of puberty. Not a day passed 
but the Prophet visited us, both In the mornings and evenings. 
My father Abu Bakr thought of building a mosque In the 
courtyard of his house and he did so. He used to pray and 
recite the Qur'an In It. The pagan women and their children 
used to stand by him and look at him with surprise. Abu Bakr 
was a Softhearted person and could not help weeping while 
reciting the Qur'an. The chiefs of the Quralsh pagans became 
afraid of that (I.e. that their children and women might be 
affected by the recitation of Qur'an). 
1.466: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: The Prophet said, "The prayer offered In 
congregation Is twenty five times more superior (In reward) to 
the prayer offered alone In one's house or In a business 
center, because If one performs ablution and does It 
perfectly, and then proceeds to the mosque with the sole 
Intention of praying, then for each step which he takes 
towards the mosque, Allah upgrades him a degree In reward and 

(forgives) crosses out one sin till he enters the mosque. When 
he enters the mosque he Is considered In prayer as long as he 
Is waiting for the prayer and the angels keep on asking for 
Allah's forgiveness for him and they keep on saying: 'O Allah! 
Be Merciful to him, O Allah! Forgive him, as long as he keeps 
on sitting at his praying place and does not pass wind. (See 
Hadlth No. 620) . 
1.467: 



Narrated Ibn "Umar or Ibn "Amr: The Prophet clasped his hands, 
by interlacing his fingers. Narrated "Abdullah that Allah's 
Apostle said, "O "Abdullah bin "Amr! What will be your 
condition when you will be left with the sediments of (worst) 
people?" (They will be in conflict with each other) . 
1.468: 

Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "A faithful believer to a 
faithful believer is like the bricks of a wall, enforcing each 
other. " While (saying that) the Prophet clasped his hands, by 
interlacing his fingers. 
1.469: 

Narrates Ibn Seereen: Abu Huraira said, "Allah's Apostle led 
us in one of the two "Isha' prayers (Abu Huraira named that 
prayer but I forgot it) . " Abu Huraira added, "He prayed two 
rak" at and then finished the prayer with Taslim. He stood up 
near a piece of wood Lying across the mosque and leaned on it 
in such a way as if he was angry. Then he put his right hand 
over the left and clasped his hands by interlacing his fingers 
and then put his J right cheek on the back of his left hand. 
The people who were in haste left the mosque through its 
gates. They wondered whether the prayer was reduced. And 
amongst them were Abu Bakr and "Umar but they hesitated to ask 
the Prophet . A long-handed man called Dhul-Yadain asked the 
Prophet, 'O Allah's Apostle! Have you forgotten or has the 
prayer been reduced?' The Prophet replied, 'I have neither 
forgotten nor has the prayer been reduced' The Prophet added, 

'Is what Dhul Yadain has said true?' They (the people) said, 

'Yes, it is true. ' The Prophet stood up again and led the 
prayer, completing the remaining prayer, forgotten by him, and 
performed Taslim, and then said, 'Allahu Akbar. ' And then he 
did a prostration as he used to prostrate or longer than that. 
He then raised his head saying, 'Allahu Akbar; he then again 
said, 'Allahu Akbar', and prostrated as he used to prostrate 
or longer than that . Then he raised his head and said, 'Allahu 
Akbar. ' " (The sub-narrator added, "I think that they asked 

(Ibn Seereen) whether the Prophet completed the prayer with 
Taslim. He replied, "I heard that " Imran bin Husain had said, 

'Then he (the Prophet) did Taslim. ") 



2.470; 

Narrated Fudail bin Sulaiman : Musa bin " Uqba said, "I saw 

Salim bin "Abdullah looking for some places on the way and 

prayed there. He narrated that his father used to pray there, 

and had seen the Prophet praying at those very places. " 

Narrated Nafi " on the authority of Ibn " Umar who said, "I used 

to pray at those places. " Musa the narrator added, "I asked 

Salim on which he said, 'I agree with Nafi" concerning those 

places, except the mosque situated at the place called Sharaf 

Ar-Rawha. " 

1.471: 

Narrated Hadith is about the various places on the way from 

Medina to Mecca where the Prophet prayed and their In 

locations impossible to translate. 

Bk. 9: Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the Musalla) 
^> 

2.472; 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: Once I came riding a she-ass when I had 

just attained the age of puberty. Allah's Apostle was offering 

the prayer at Mina with no wall in front of him and I passed 

in front of some of the row. There I dismounted and let my 

she-ass loose to graze and entered the row and nobody objected 

to me about it . 

1.473: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Whenever Allah's Apostle came out on "Id 

day, he used to order that a Harba [??] (a short spear) to be 

planted in front of him (as a Sutra for his prayer) and then 

he used to pray facing it with the people behind him and used 

to do the same while on a journey. After the Prophet , this 

practice was adopted by the Muslim rulers (who followed his 

traditions) . 

1.474: 

Narrated "Aun bin Abi Juhaifa: I heard my father saying, "The 

Prophet led us, and prayed a two-rak" at Zuhr prayer and then a 

two-rak" at "Asr prayer at Al-Batha' [??] with a short spear 



(planted) in front of him (as a Sutra) while women and donkeys 

were passing in front of him (beyond that stick) . 

1.475: 

Narrated Sahl (bin Sa^d): The distance between the Musalla of 

Allah's Apostle and the wall was just sufficient for a sheep 

to pass through . 

1.476: 

Narrated S a lama: 

The distance between the wall of the mosque and the pulpit was 

hardly enough for a sheep to pass through. 

1.477: 

Narrated " Abdullah: The Prophet used to get a Harba planted in 

front of him (as a Sutra) and pray behind it . 

1.478: 

Narrated *Aun bin Abi Juhaifa: that he had heard his father 

saying, "Allah's Apostle came to us at midday and water was 

brought for his ablution. He performed ablution and led us in 

Zuhr and *Asr prayers with a short stpear (or stick) planted 

in front of him (as a Sutra) , while women and donkeys were 

passing beyond it . " 

1.479: 

Narrated Anas Ibn Malik: Whenever the Prophet went for 

answering the call of nature, I and another boy used to go 

after him with a staff, a stick or a short spear (or stick) 

and a tumbler of water and when he finished from answering the 

call of nature we would hand that tumbler of water to him. 

1.480: 

Narrated Abu Juhaifa: Allah's Apostle came out at midday and 

offered a two-rak* at Zuhr and % Asr prayers at Al-Batha and a 

short spear (or stick) was planted in front of him (as a 

Sutra) . He performed ablution and the people took the 

remaining water left after his ablution and rubbed their 

bodies with it . 

1 . 481 : 

Narrated Yazid bin Al "Ubaid: I used to accompany Salama bin 

Al-Akwa^ and he used to pray behind the pillar which was near 

the place where the Qur'ans were kept. I said, "O Abu Muslim! 

I see you always seeking to pray behind this pillar. " He 



replied, "I saw Allah's Apostle always seeking to pray near 

that pillar. " 

1.482: 

Narrated Anas: 

I saw the most famous people amongst the companions of the 

Prophet hurrying towards the pillars at the Maghrib prayer 

before the Prophet came for the prayer. 

1.483: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet entered the Ka^ba along with 

Usama bin Zaid, ^Uthman bin Talha and Bilal and remained there 

for a long time. When they came out, I was the first man to 

enter the Ka^ba. I asked Bilal "Where did the Prophet pray?" 

Bilal replied, "Between the two front Pillars. " 

1.484: 

Narrated Nafi N : 

x Abdullah bin *Umar said, "Allah's Apostle entered the Ka"ba 
along with Usama bin Zaid, Bilal and ^Uthman bin Talha 
Al-Hajabi and closed the door and stayed there for some time. 
I asked Bilal when he came out, 'What did the Prophet do?' He 
replied, 'He offered prayer with one pillar to his left and 
one to his right and three behind. ' In those days the Ka^ba 
was supported by six pillars . " Malik said: "There were two 
pillars on his (the Prophet ' s) right side. " 
1.485: 
Narrated Nafi x ; 

"The Prophet used to make his she-camel sit across and he 
would pray facing it (as a Sutra) . " I asked, "What would the 
Prophet do if the she-camel was provoked and moved?" He said, 

"He would take its camel-saddle and put it in front of him and 
pray facing its back part (as a Sutra) . And Ibn "Umar used to 
do the same. " (This indicates that one should not pray except 
behind a Sutra) . 
1.486: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Do you make us (women) equal to dogs and donkeys? While I used 
to lie in my bed, the Prophet would come and pray facing the 
middle of the bed. I used to consider it not good to stand in 
front of him in his prayers. So I used to slip away slowly and 



quietly from the foot of the bed till I got out of my guilt . 
1.487: 

Narrated Abu Sa^ld: The Prophet said, (what Is ascribed to him 
In the following Hadlth 488) : 
1.488: 

Narrated Abu Sallh As-Samman: I saw Abu Sa^ld Al-Khudrl 
praying on a Friday, behind something which acted as a Sutra. 
A young man from Banl Abl Mu'alt [??] , wanted to pass In 
front of him, but Abu Sa* Id repulsed him with a push on his 
chest . Finding no alternative he again tried to pass but Abu 
Sa"ld pushed him with a greater force. The young man abused 
Abu Sa^ld and went to Marwan and lodged a complaint against 
Abu Sa^ld and Abu Sa^ld followed the young man to Marwan who 
asked him, "O Abu Sa^ld! What has happened between you and the 
son of your brother?" Abu Sa^ld said to him, "I heard the 
Prophet saying, 'If anybody amongst you Is praying behind 
something as a Sutra and somebody tries to pass In front of 
him, then he should repulse him and If he refuses, he should 
use force against him for he Is a Shaltan (a Satan) . ' " 
1.489: 

Narrated Busr bin Sa^ Id: that Zald bin Khalld sent him to Abl 
Juhalm to ask him what he had heard from Allah's Apostle about 
a person passing In front of another person who was praying. 
Abu Juhalm replied, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If the person who 
passes In front of another person In prayer knew the magnitude 
of his sin he would prefer to wait for 40 (days, months or 
years) rather than to pass In front of him. " Abu An-Nadr said, 
"I do not remember exactly whether he said 40 days, months or 
years. " 
1.490: 

Narrated ^Alsha : 

The things which annul the prayers were mentioned before me. 
They said, "Prayer Is annulled by a dog, a donkey and a woman 
(If they pass In front of the praying people) . " I said, "You 
have made us (I.e. women) dogs. I saw the Prophet praying 
while I used to lie In my bed between him and the Qlbla. 
Whenever I was In need of something, I would slip away, for I 
disliked to face him. " 



1.491: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet used to pray while I was sleeping across in his 

bed in front of him. Whenever he wanted to pray witr, he would 

wake me up and I would pray witr. 

1.492: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

the wife of the Prophet, "I used to sleep in front of Allah's 

Apostle with my legs opposite his Qibla (facing him) ; and 

whenever he prostrated, he pushed my feet and I withdrew them 

and whenever he stood, I stretched them. " "Aisha added, "In 

those days there were no lamps in the houses. " 

1.493: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The things which annual prayer were mentioned before me (and 

those were) : a dog, a donkey and a woman. I said, "You have 

compared us (women) to donkeys and dogs. By Allah! I saw the 

Prophet praying while I used to lie in (my) bed between him 

and the Qibla. Whenever I was in need of something, I disliked 

to sit and trouble the Prophet . So, I would slip away by the 

side of his feet. " 

1.494: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to get up at 
night and pray while I used to lie across between him and the 
Qibla on his family's bed. 
1.495: 

Narrated Abu Qatada Al-Ansari: Allah's Apostle was praying and 
he was carrying Umama the daughters of Zainab, the daughter of 
Allah's Apostle and she was the daughter of 'As bin Rabija bin 

x Abd Shams. When he prostrated, he put her down and when he 

stood, he carried her (on his neck) . 

1.496: 

Narrated Maimuna bint Al-Harith: My bed was beside the praying 

place (Musalla) of the Prophet and sometimes his garment fell 

on me while I used to lie in my bed. 

1.497: 

Narrated Maimuna: 



The Prophet used to pray while I used to sleep beside him 
during my periods (menses) and in prostration his garment used 
to touch me. 
1.498: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

It is not good that you people have made us (women) equal to 
dogs and donkeys. No doubt I saw Allah's Apostle praying while 
I used to lie between him and the Qibla and when he wanted to 
prostrate, he pushed my legs and I withdrew them. 
1.499: 

Narrated "Amr bin Maimun [??] ; "Abdullah bin Mas"ud said, 
"While Allah's Apostle was praying beside the Ka"ba, there 
were some Quraish people sitting in a gathering. One of them 
said, 'Don 't you see this (who does deeds just to show off) ? 
Who amongst you can go and bring the dung, blood and the 
Abdominal contents (intestines, etc.) of the slaughtered 
camels of the family of so and so and then wait till he 
prostrates and put that in between his shoulders? ' The most 
unfortunate amongst them ("Uqba bin Abi Mu ' ait) went (and 
brought them) and when Allah ' s Apostle prostrated, he put them 
between his shoulders. The Prophet remained in prostration and 
they laughed so much so that they fell on each other. A 
passerby went to Fatima, who was a young girl in those days. 
She came running and the Prophet was still in prostration. She 
removed them and cursed upon the Quraish on their faces. When 
Allah's Apostle completed his prayer, he said, 'O Allah! Take 
revenge on Quraish. ' He said so thrice and added, 'O Allah! 
take revenge on "Amr bin Hisham, "Utba bin Rabija, Shaiba bin 
Rabija, Al-Walid bin "Utba, Umaiya bin Khalaf, "Uqba bin Abi 
Mu ' ait and *Umar a bin Al-Walid. " "Abdullah added, "By Allah! 
I saw all of them dead in the battle field on the day of Badr 
and they were dragged and thrown in the Qalib (a well) at 
Badr: Allah's Apostle then said, 'Allah's curse has descended 
upon the people of the Qalib (well) . 



Bk. 10: Times of the Prayers 



1.500: 

Narrated Ibn Shlhab: Once "Umar bin "Abdul "Aziz delayed the 

prayer and "Urwa bin Az-Zubair went to him and said, "Once in 

'Iraq, Al-Mughira bin Shu"ba delayed his prayers and Abi 
Mas"ud Al-Ansari went to him and said, '0 Mughira! What is 
this? Don't you know that once Gabriel came and offered the 
prayer (Fajr prayer) and Allah's Apostle prayed too, then he 
prayed again (Zuhr prayer) and so did Allah's Apostle and 
again he prayed ("Asr prayers and Allah's Apostle did the 
same; again he prayed (Maghrib-prayer) and so did Allah's 
Apostle and again prayed ("Isha prayer) and so did Allah's 
Apostle and (Gabriel) said, 'I was ordered to do so (to 
demonstrate the prayers prescribed to you)?'" "Umar (bin 

"Abdul "Aziz) said to "Urwa, "Be sure of what you Say. Did 
Gabriel lead Allah's Apostle at the stated times of the 
prayers?" "Urwa replied, "Bashir bin Abi Mas"ud narrated like 
this on the authority of his father. " "Urwa added, "Aisha told 
me that Allah's Apostle used to pray "Asr prayer when the 
sunshine was still inside her residence (during the early time 
of "Asr) . 
1 . 501 : 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: "Once a delegation of "Abdul Qais came to 
Allah's Apostle and said, "We belong to such and such branch 
of the tribe of Rab'a [??] and we can only come to you in the 
sacred months. Order us to do something good so that we may 

(carry out) take it from you and also invite to it our people 
whom we have left behind (at home) . " The Prophet said, " I 
order you to do four things and forbid you from four things. 

(The first four are as follows) : -1 . To believe in Allah. (And 
then he: explained it to them i.e.) to testify that none has 
the right to be worshipped but Allah and (Muhammad) am Allah ' s 
Apostle -2. To offer prayers perfectly (at the stated times) : 
-3. To pay Zakat (obligatory charity) -4. To give me Khumus 

(The other four things which are forbidden are as follows) : 



-1 . Dubba 
-2 . Rant am 

-3. Muqaiyat [BR] -4. Naqir (all these are utensils used for 
the preparation of alcoholic drinks) . 
1.502: 

Narrated Jarir bin " Abdullah: I gave the pledge of allegiance 
to Allah's Apostle for to offer prayers perfectly, to pay 
Zakat regularly, and to give good advice to every Muslim. 
1.503: 

Narrated Shaqiq: 

that he had heard Hudhaifa saying, "Once I was sitting with 
^Umar and he said, 'Who amongst you remembers the statement of 
Allah's Apostle about the afflictions?' I said, 'I know it as 
the Prophet had said it. ' ^Umar said, 'No doubt you are bold. ' 
I said, 'The afflictions caused for a man by his wife, money, 
children and neighbor are expiated by his prayers, fasting, 
charity and by enjoining (what is good) and forbidding (what 
is evil) . ' ^Urnar said, 'I did not mean that but I asked about 
that affliction which will spread like the waves of the sea. ' 
I (Hudhaifa) said, 'O leader of the faithful believers! You 
need not be afraid of it as there is a closed door between you 
and it. ' ^Umar asked, Will the door be broken or opened?' I 
replied, 'It will be broken. ' ^Umar said, 'Then it will never 
be closed again. ' I was asked whether ^Umar knew that door. I 
replied that he knew it as one knows that there will be night 
before the tomorrow morning. I narrated a Hadith that was free 
from any misstatement " The sub-narrator added that they 
deputized Masruq to ask Hudhaifa (about the door) . Hudhaifa 
said, "The door was "Umar himself. " 
1 . 504 : 

Narrated Ibn Mas^ud: A man kissed a woman (unlawfully) and 
then went to the Prophet and informed him. Allah revealed: And 
offer prayers perfectly At the two ends of the day And in some 
hours of the night (i.e. the five compulsory prayers) . Verily! 
good deeds remove (annul) the evil deeds (small sins) (1 
1.114). The man asked Allah's Apostle, "Is it for me?" He 
said, "It is for all my followers . " 
1.505: 



Narrated x Abdullah: I asked the Prophet "Which deed is the 
dearest to Allah?" He replied, "To offer the prayers at their 
early stated fixed times. " I asked, "What is the next (in 
goodness) ?" He replied, "To be good and dutiful to your 
parents" I again asked, "What is the next (in goodness) ?" He 
replied, 'To participate in Jihad (religious fighting) in 
Allah's cause." x Abdullah added, "I asked only that much and 
if I had asked more, the Prophet would have told me more. " 
1.506: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "If 
there was a river at the door of anyone of you and he took a 
bath in it five times a day would you notice any dirt on him?" 
They said, "Not a trace of dirt would be left . " The Prophet 
added, "That is the example of the five prayers with which 
Allah blots out (annuls) evil deeds. " 
1.507: 

Narrated Ghailan: 

Anas said, "I do not find (now-a-days) things as they were 
(practiced) at the time of the Prophet . " Somebody said "The 
prayer (is as it was.)" Anas said, "Have you not done in the 
prayer what you have done? Narrated Az-Zuhri that he visited 
Anas bin Malik at Damascus and found him weeping and asked him 
why he was weeping. He replied, "I do not know anything which 
I used to know during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle except 
this prayer which is being lost (not offered as it should be) . 
1.508: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Whenever anyone of you offers his prayer he 
is speaking in private to his Lord. So he should not spit to 
his right but under his left foot." Qatada said, "He should 
not spit in front of him but to his left or under his feet . " 
And Shu v Jba said, "He should not spit in front of him, nor to 
his right but to his left or under his foot. " Anas said: The 
Prophet said, "He should neither spit in the direction of his 
Qibla nor to his right but to his left or under his foot . " 
1.509: 

Narrated Anas: 
The Prophet said, "Do the prostration properly and do not put 



your forearms flat with elbows touching the ground like a dog. 

And if you want to spit, do not spit in front, nor to the 

right for the person in prayer is speaking in private to his 

Lord. " 

1.510: 

Narrated Abu Huraira and "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle 

said, "If it is very hot, then pray the Zuhr prayer when it 

becomes (a bit) cooler, as the severity of the heat is from 

the raging of the Hell- fire. " 

1 . 511 : 

Narrated Abu Dhar: The Mu ' adh-dhin (call-maker) of the Prophet 

pronounced the Adhan (call) for the Zuhr prayer but the 

Prophet said, "Let it be cooler, let it be cooler. " Or said, 

'Wait, wait, because the severity of heat is from the raging 
of the Hell- fire. In severe hot weather, pray when it becomes 

(a bit) cooler and the shadows of hillocks appear. " 

1 . 512 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "In very hot weather 

delay the Zuhr prayer till it becomes (a bit) cooler because 

the severity of heat is from the raging of the Hell- fire. The 

Hell-fire of Hell complained to its Lord saying: O Lord! My 

parts are eating (destroying) one another. So Allah allowed it 

to take two breaths, one in the winter and the other in the 

summer. The breath in the summer is at the time when you feel 

the severest heat and the breath in the winter is at the time 

when you feel the severest cold. " 

1.513: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: that Allah's Apostle said, "Pray Zuhr 

prayer when it becomes (a bit) cooler as the severity of heat 

is from the raging of the Hell- fire. " 

1.514: 

Narrated Abu Dhar Al-Ghifar: We were with the Prophet on a 

journey and the Mu' adh-dhin (call maker for the prayer) wanted 

to pronounce the Adhan (call) for the Zuhr prayer. The Prophet 

said, 'Let it become cooler. " He again (after a while) wanted 

to pronounce the Adhan but the Prophet said to him, "Let it 

become cooler till we see the shadows of hillocks . " The 

Prophet added, "The severity of heat is from the raging of the 



Hell-fire, and in very hot weather pray (Zuhr) when it becomes 

cooler. " 

1.515: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle came out as the sun 

declined at midday and offered the Zuhr prayer. He then stood 

on the pulpit and spoke about the Hour (Day of Judgment) and 

said that in it there would be tremendous things. He then 

said, "Whoever likes to ask me about anything he can do so and 

I shall reply as long as I am at this place of mine. Most of 

the people wept and the Prophet said repeatedly, "Ask me. " 

"Abdullah bin Hudhafa As-Sahmi stood up and said, "Who is my 

father?" The Prophet said, "Your father is Hudhafa. " The 

Prophet repeatedly said, "Ask me. " Then "Umar knelt before him 

and said, "We are pleased with Allah as our Lord, Islam as our 

religion, and Muhammad as our Prophet. " The Prophet then 

became quiet and said, "Paradise and Hell-fire were displayed 

in front of me on this wall just now and I have never seen a 

better thing (than the former) and a worse thing (than the 

latter) . 

1.516: 

Narrated Abu Al-Minhal: Abu Barza said, "The Prophet used to 

offer the Fajr (prayer) when one could recognize the person 

sitting by him (after the prayer) and he used to recite 

between 60 to 100 Ayat (verses) of the Qur'an. He used to 

offer the Zuhr prayer as soon as the sun declined (at noon) 

and the "Asr at a time when a man might go and return from the 

farthest place in Medina and find the sun still hot . (The 

sub-narrator forgot what was said about the Maghrib) . He did 

not mind delaying the " Isha prayer to one third of the night 

or the middle of the night . " 

1.517: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: When we offered the Zuhr prayers 

behind Allah's Apostle we used to prostrate on our clothes to 

protect ourselves from the heat . 

1.518: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: "The Prophet prayed eight rak" at for the 

Zuhr and "Asr, and seven for the Maghrib and "Isha prayers in 

Medina. " Aiyub said, "Perhaps those were rainy nights. " Anas 



said, "May be. " 
1.519: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Allah's Apostle used to offer the *Asr prayer when the 
sunshine had not disappeared from my chamber. 
1.520: 

Narrated x Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to offer the "Asr prayers at a time when 
the sunshine was still inside my chamber and no shadow had yet 
appeared in it. 
1 . 521 : 

Narrated Aisha: 

The Prophet used to pray the *Asr prayers at a time when the 
sunshine was still inside my chamber and no shadow had yet 
appeared in it. 
1.522: 

Narrated Saiyar bin Salama: I along with my father went to 
Abu- Barza Al-Aslami and my father asked him, "How Allah ' s 
Apostle used to offer the five compulsory congregational 
prayers?" Abu- Barza said, "The Prophet used to pray the Zuhr 
prayer which you (people) call the first one at midday when 
the sun had just declined The *Asr prayer at a time when after 
the prayer, a man could go to the house at the farthest place 
in Medina (and arrive) while the sun was still hot . (I forgot 
about the Maghrib prayer) . The Prophet Loved to delay the 
x Jsha which you call Al- ^Atama [??] and he disliked sleeping 
before it and speaking after it . After the Fajr prayer he used 
to leave when a man could recognize the one sitting beside him 
and he used to recite between 60 to 100 Ayat (in the Fajr 
prayer) . 
1.523: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: We used to pray the "Asr prayer and 
after that if someone happened to go to the tribe of Bani ^Amr 
bin ^Auf, he would find them still praying the ^Asr (prayer) . 
1 . 524 : 

Narrated Abu Bakr bin ^Uthman bin Sahl bin Hunaif: that he 
heard Abu Umama saying: We prayed the Zuhr prayer with "Umar 
bin s Abdul " Aziz and then went to Anas bin Malik and found him 



offering the *Asr prayer. I asked him, "O uncle! Which prayer 

have you offered?" He said 'The ^Asr and this is (the time of) 

the prayer of Allah s Apostle which we used to pray with him. " 

1.525: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle used to offer the 

*Asr prayer at a time when the sun was still hot and high and 

if a person went to Al-^Awali (a place) of Medina, he would 

reach there when the sun was still high. Some of Al-^Awali of 

Medina were about four miles or so from the town. 

1.526: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: We used to pray the "Asr and after 

that if one of US went to Quba ' he would arrive there while 

the sun was still high. 

1.527: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever misses the 

^Asr prayer (intentionally) then it is as if he lost his 

family and property . " 

1.528: 

Narrated Abu Al-Mahh [??] : We were with Buraida in a battle 

on a cloudy day and he said, "Offer the *Asr prayer early as 

the Prophet said, "Whoever leaves the *Asr prayer, all his 

(good) deeds will be annulled. " 

1.529: 

Narrated Qais : 

Jarir said, "We were with the Prophet and he looked at the 

moon — full-moon — and said, 'Certainly you will see your Lord 

as you see this moon and you will have no trouble in seeing 

Him. So if you can avoid missing (through sleep or business, 

etc.) a prayer before the sunrise (Fajr) and a prayer before 

sunset (^Asr) , you must do so. ' He then recited Allah's 

Statement : And celebrate the praises Of your Lord before the 

rising of the sun and before (its) setting. " (50.39) Isma*il 

said, "Offer those prayers and do not miss them. " 

1.530: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Angels come to 

you in succession by night and day and all of them get 

together at the time of the Fajr and ^Asr prayers. Those who 

have passed the night with you (or stayed with you) ascend (to 



the Heaven) and Allah asks them, though He knows everything 
about you, well, "In what state did you leave my slaves?" The 
angels reply: "When we left them they were praying and when we 
reached them, they were praying. " 
1 . 531 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you 
can get one rak^a of the *Asr prayer before sunset, he should 
complete his prayer. If any of you can get one rak"a of the 
Fajr prayer before sunrise, he should complete his prayer. " 
1.532: 

Narrated Salim bin " Abdullah: My father said, "I heard Allah's 
Apostle saying, 'The period of your stay as compared to the 
previous nations is like the period equal to the time between 
the *Asr prayer and sunset . The people of the Torah were given 
the Torah and they acted (upon it) till midday then they were 
exhausted and were given one Qirat (of gold) each. And then 
the people of the Gospel were given the Gospel and they acted 

(upon it) till the ^Asr prayer then they were exhausted and 
were! given one Qirat each. And then we were given the Qur'an 
and we acted (upon it) till sunset and we were given two 
Qirats each. On that the people of both the scriptures said, 

'O our Lord! You have given them two Qirats and given us one 
Qirat, though we have worked more than they. ' Allah said, 

'Have I usurped some of your right?' They said, 'No. ' Allah 
said: "That is my blessing I bestow upon whomsoever I wish. " 
1.533: 

Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "The example of Muslims, 
Jews and Christians is like the example of a man who employed 
laborers to work for him from morning till night . They worked 
till midday and they said, 'We are not in need of your 
reward. ' SO the man employed another batch and said to them, 

'Complete the rest of the day and yours will be the wages I 
had fixed (for the first batch) . They worked Up till the time 
of the *Asr prayer and said, 'Whatever we have done is for 
you. ' He employed another batch. They worked for the rest of 
the day till sunset, and they received the wages of the two 
former batches. " 
1 . 534 : 



Narrated Rafi" bin Khadlj: We used to offer the Maghrib prayer 
with the Prophet and after finishing the prayer one of us may 
go away and could still see as Par as the spots where one's 
arrow might reach when shot by a bow. 
1.535: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: The Prophet used to pray the 
Zuhr at midday, and the "Asr at a time when the sun was still 
bright, the Maghrib after sunset (at its stated time) and the 
% Isha at a variable time. Whenever he saw the people assembled 
(for "Isha' prayer) he would pray earlier and if the people 
delayed, he would delay the prayer. And they or the Prophet 
used to offer the Fajr Prayers when it still dark. 
1.536: 

Narrated S a lama: 

We used to pray the Maghrib prayer with the Prophet when the 
sun disappeared from the horizon. 
1.537: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet prayed seven rak" at together 
and eight rak" at together. 
1.538: 

Narrated "Abdullah Al-Muzani : The Prophet said, "Do not be 
influenced by bedouins regarding the name of your Maghrib 
prayer which is called "Isha' by them." 
1.539: 

Narrated "Abdullah: "One night Allah's Apostle led us in the 
"Isha' prayer and that is the one called Al-"Atma [??] by the 
people. After the completion of the prayer, he faced us and 
said, "Do you know the importance of this night? Nobody 
present on the surface of the earth tonight will be living 
after one hundred years from this night. " (See Hadith No. 
575). 
1.540: 

Narrated Muhammad bin "Amr: We asked Jabir bin "Abdullah about 
the prayers of the Prophet . He said, "He used to pray Zuhr 
prayer at midday, the "Asr when the sun was still hot, and the 
Maghrib after sunset (at its stated time) . The " Isha was 
offered early if the people gathered, and used to be delayed 
if their number was less; and the morning prayer was offered 



when it was still dark. " 

1 . 541 : 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle once delayed the "Isha' prayer and that was 

during the days when Islam still had not spread. The Prophet 

did not come out till "Umar informed him that the women and 

children had slept . Then he came out and said to the people of 

the mosque: "None amongst the dwellers of the earth has been 

waiting for it (" Isha prayer) except you. " 

1 . 542 : 

Narrated Abu Musa: My companions, who came with me in the boat 

and I landed at a place called Baqi [??] Buthan [??] . The 

Prophet was in Medina at that time. One of us used to go to 

the Prophet by turns every night at the time of the * Isha 

prayer. Once I along with my companions went to the Prophet 

and he was busy in some of his affairs, so the "Isha' prayer 

was delayed to the middle of the night He then came out and 

led the people (in prayer) . After finishing from the prayer, 

he addressed the people present there saying, "Be patient ! 

Don't go away. Have the glad tiding. It is from the blessing 

of Allah upon you that none amongst mankind has prayed at this 

time save you. " Or said, "None except you has prayed at this 

time. " Abu Musa added, 'So we returned happily after what we 

heard from Allah's Apostle . " 

1.543: 

Narrated Abu Barza: Allah's Apostle disliked to sleep before 

the "Isha' prayer and to talk after it. 

1 . 544 : 

Narrated Ibn Shihab from "Urwa: "Aisha said, "Once Allah's 

Apostle delayed the "Isha' prayer till "Umar reminded him by 

saying, "The prayer!" The women and children have slept. Then 

the Prophet came out and said, 'None amongst the dwellers of 

the earth has been waiting for it (the prayer) except you. " 

"Urwa said, "Nowhere except in Medina the prayer used to be 

offered (in those days) . " He further said, "The Prophet used 

to offer the "Isha' prayer in the period between the 

disappearance of the twilight and the end of the first third 

of the night . " 



2.545; 

Narrated Ibn Jural j from Nafl" : " Abdullah bin "Umar said, 

"Once Allah's Apostle was busy (at the time of the "Isha'), so 
the prayer was delayed so much so that we slept and woke up 
and slept and woke up again . The Prophet came out and said, 

'None amongst the dwellers of the earth but you have been 
waiting for the prayer. " Ibn "Umar did not find any harm In 
praying It earlier or In delaying It unless he was afraid that 
sleep might overwhelm him and he might miss the prayer, and 
sometimes he used to sleep before the "Isha' prayer. Ibn 
Jural j said, "I said to "Ata', 'I heard Ibn "Abbas saying: 
Once Allah's Apostle delayed the "Isha' prayer to such an 
extent that the people slept and got up and slept again and 
got up again. Then "Umar bin Al-Khattab I, stood up and 
reminded the Prophet I of the prayer. ' "Ata' said, 'Ibn "Abbas 
said: The Prophet came out as If I was looking at him at this 
time, and water was trickling from his head and he was putting 
his hand on his head and then said, 'Hadn't I thought It hard 
for my followers, I would have ordered them to pray ("Isha' 
prayer) at this time. ' I asked "Ata' for further Information, 
how the Prophet had kept his hand on his head as he was told 
by Ibn "Abbas . "Ata ' separated his fingers slightly and put 
their tips on the side of the head, brought the fingers 
downwards approximating them till the thumb touched the lobe 
of the ear at the side of the temple and the beard on the 
face. He neither slowed nor hurried In this action but he 
acted like that. The Prophet said: "Hadn't I thought It hard 
for my followers I would have ordered them to pray at this 
time. " 
1.546: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet delayed the "Isha' prayer till midnight and then 
he offered the prayer and said, "The people prayed and slept 
but you have been In prayer as long as you have been waiting 
for It (the prayer) . " Anas added: As If I am looking now at 
the glitter of the ring of the Prophet on that night . 
1.547: 
Narrated Jarlr bin "Abdullah: We were with the Prophet on a 



full moon night . He looked at the moon and said, "You will 
certainly see your Lord as you see this moon, and there will 
be no trouble in seeing Him. So if you can avoid missing 

(through sleep, business, etc.) a prayer before the rising of 

the sun (Fajr) and before its setting (^Asr) you must do so. 

He (the Prophet ) then recited the following verse: And 

celebrate the praises Of Your Lord before The rising of the 

sun And before (its) setting. " (50.39) 

1.548: 

Narrated Abu Bakr bin Abi Musa: My father said, "Allah's 

Apostle said, 'Whoever prays the two cool prayers ("Asr and 

Fajr) will go to Paradise. ' " 

1.549: 

Narrated Anas: 

Zaid bin Thabit said, "We took the "Suhur" (the meal taken 

before dawn while fasting is observed) with the Prophet and 

then stood up for the (morning) prayer. " I asked him how long 

the interval between the two (Suhur and prayer) was. He 

replied, 'The interval between the two was just sufficient to 

recite fifty to Sixth ' Ayat . " 

1.550: 

Narrated Qatada: 

Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet and Zaid bin Thabit took the 

'Suhur' together and after finishing the meal, the Prophet 
stood up and prayed (Fajr prayer) . " I asked Anas, "How long 
was the interval between finishing their 'Suhur' and starting 
the prayer?" He replied, "The interval between the two was 
just sufficient to recite fifty 'Ayat. " (Verses of the 
Qur 'an) . 
1 . 551 : 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d: I used to take the "Suhur" meal with 
my family and hasten so as to catch the Fajr (morning prayer) 
with Allah's Apostle. 
1.552: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The believing women covered with their veiling sheets used to 
attend the Fajr prayer with Allah's Apostle, and after 
finishing the prayer they would return to their home and 



nobody could recognize them because of darkness . 

1.553: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever could get 

one rak^a (of the Fajr prayer) before sunrise, he has got the 

(morning) prayer and whoever could get one rak x a of the "Asr 
prayer before sunset, he has got the ("Asr) prayer. " 
1 . 554 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever could get 
one rak* a of a prayer, (in its proper time) he has got the 
prayer. " 
1 . 555 : 
Narrated x Umar : 

"The Prophet forbade praying after the Fajr prayer till the 

sun rises and after the "Asr prayer till the sun sets. " 

1.556: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: Some people told me the same narration 

(as above) . 

1.557: 

Narrated Hisham' s father: Ibn *Umar said, "Allah's Apostle 

said, 'Do not pray at the time of sunrise and at the time of 

sunset. ' " Ibn "Umar said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If the edge 

of the sun appears (above the horizon) delay the prayer till 

it becomes high, and if the edge of the sun disappears, delay 

the prayer till it sets (disappears completely) . ' " 

1.558: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle forbade two kinds of 

sales, two kinds of dresses, and two prayers. He forbade 

offering prayers after the Fajr prayer till the rising of the 

sun and after the "Asr prayer till its setting. He also 

forbade "Ishtimal-Assama [??] " and "al-Ihtiba" in one garment 

in such a way that one's private parts are exposed towards the 

sky. He also forbade the sales called "Munabadha" and 

"Mulamasa." (See Hadith No. 354 and 355 Vol. 3). 

1.559: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "None of you should 

try to pray at sunrise or sunset . " 

1.560: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 



"There is no prayer after the morning prayer till the sun 

rises, and there is no prayer after the *Asr prayer till the 

sun sets. " 

1.561: 

Narrated Muawiya: 

You offer a prayer which I did not see being offered by 

Allah's Apostle when we were in his company and he certainly 

had forbidden it (i.e. two rak" at after the ^Asr prayer) . 

1.562: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle forbade the offering of 

two prayers: -1 . after the morning prayer till the sunrises. 

-2. after the " Asr prayer till the sun sets. 

1.563: 

Narrated Ibn *Umar: I pray as I saw my companions praying. I 

do not forbid praying at any time during the day or night 

except at sunset and sunrise. 

1.564: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

By Allah, Who took away the Prophet . The Prophet never missed 

them (two rak^at) after the ^Asr prayer till he met Allah and 

he did not meet Allah till it became heavy for him to pray 

while standing so he used to offer most of the prayers while 

sitting. (She meant the two rak^at after *Asr) He used to pray 

them in the house and never prayed them in the mosque lest it 

might be hard for his followers and he loved what was easy for 

them . 

1.565: 

Narrated Hi sham' s father: ^Aisha (addressing me) said, "O son 

of my sister! The Prophet never missed two prostrations (i.e. 

rak" at) after the x Asr prayer in my house. " 

1.566: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle never missed two rak^at before the Fajr prayer 

and after the *Asr prayer openly and secretly. 

1.567: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Whenever the Prophet come to me after the "Asr prayer, he 

always prayed two rak^at. 



1.568: 

Narrated Ibn Abu Mallh [??] : I was with Buraida on a cloudy 

day and he said, "Offer the "Asr prayer earlier as the Prophet 

said, 'Whoever leaves the "Asr prayer will have all his (good) 

deeds annulled. " (See Hadith No. 527 and 528) 

1.569: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said, "One night 

we were traveling with the Prophet and some people said, 'We 

wish that Allah ' s Apostle would take a rest along with us 

during the last hours of the night. ' He said, 'I am afraid 

that you will sleep and miss the (Fajr) prayer. ' Bilal said, 

'I will make you get up. ' So all slept and Bilal rested his 
back against his Rahila and he too was overwhelmed (by sleep) 
and slept . The Prophet got up when the edge of the sun had 
risen and said, 'O Bilal! What about your statement? ' He 
replied, 'I have never slept such a sleep. ' The Prophet said, 

'Allah captured your souls when He wished, and released them 
when He wished. O Bilal! Get up and pronounce the Adhan for 
the prayer. ' The Prophet performed ablution and when the sun 
came up and became bright, he stood up and prayed. " 
1.570: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: On the day of Al-Khandaq (the 
battle of trench.) "XJmar bin Al-Khattab came cursing the 
disbelievers of Quraish after the sun had set and said, "O 
Allah's Apostle I could not offer the *Asr prayer till the sun 
had set." The Prophet said, "By Allah! I, too, have not 
prayed. " So we turned towards Buthan, and the Prophet 
performed ablution and we too performed ablution and offered 
the *Asr prayer after the sun had set, and then he offered the 
Maghrib prayer. 
1.571: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "If anyone forgets a prayer he should pray 
that prayer when he remembers it . There is no expiation except 
to pray the same. " Then he recited: "Establish prayer for My 

(i.e. Allah's) remembrance." (20.14). 

1.572: 

Narrated Jabir: 



^Umar came cursing the disbelievers (of Quraish) on the day of 
Al-Khandaq (the battle of Trench) and said, "I could not offer 
the *Asr prayer till the sun had set . Then we went to Buthan 
and he offered the (*Asr) prayer after sunset and then he 
offered the Maghrib prayer. 
1.573: 

Narrated Abu-1-Minhal : My father and I went to Abi Barza 
Al-Aslami and my father said to him, "Tell us how Allah's 
Apostle used to offer the compulsory congregational prayers. " 
He said, "He used to pray the Zuhr prayer, which you call the 
first prayer, as the sun declined at noon, the *Asr at a time 
when one of US could go to his family at the farthest place in 
Medina while the sun was still hot . (The narrator forgot what 
Abu Barza had said about the Maghrib prayer) , and the Prophet 
preferred to pray the x Jsha' late and disliked to sleep before 
it or talk after it . And he used to return after finishing the 
morning prayer at such a time when it was possible for one to 
recognize the person sitting by his side and he (the Prophet) 
used to recite 60 to 100 'Ayat' (verses) of the Qur'an in it." 
1.574: 

Narrated Qurra bin Khalid: Once he waited for Al-Hasan and he 
did not show up till it was about the usual time for him to 
start his speech; then he came and apologized saying, "Our 
neighbors invited us. " Then he added, "Narrated Anas, 'Once we 
waited for the Prophet till it was midnight or about midnight. 
He came and led the prayer, and after finishing it, he 
addressed us and said, 'All the people prayed and then slept 
and you had been in prayer as long as you were waiting for 
it. " Al-Hasan said, "The people are regarded as performing 
good deeds as long as they are waiting for doing good deeds. " 
Al-Hasan' s statement is a portion of Anas ' s [??] Hadith from 
the Prophet . 
1.575: 
Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: The Prophet prayed one of the 

x Jsha' prayer in his last days and after finishing it with 
Taslim, he stood up and said, "Do you realize (the importance 
of) this night? Nobody present on the surface of the earth 
tonight would be living after the completion of one hundred 



years from this night . " The people made a mistake in grasping 
the meaning of this statement of Allah's Apostle and they 
indulged in those things which are said about these narrators 

(i.e. some said that the Day of Resurrection will be 
established after 100 years etc.) But the Prophet said, 

"Nobody present on the surface of earth tonight would be 

living after the completion of 100 years from this night"; he 

meant "When that century (people of that century) would pass 

away. " 

1.576: 

Narrated Abu ^Uthman: ^Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr said, "The 

Suffa Companions were poor people and the Prophet said, 

'Whoever has food for two persons should take a third one from 
them (Suffa companions) . And whosoever has food for four 
persons he should take one or two from them ' Abu Bakr took 
three men and the Prophet took ten of them. " "Abdur Rahman 
added, my father my mother and I were there (in the house) . 

(The sub-narrator is in doubt whether ^Abdur Rahman also said, 

'My wife and our servant who was common for both my house and 
Abu Bakr's house). Abu Bakr took his supper with the Prophet 
and remained there till the "Isha' prayer was offered. Abu 
Bakr went back and stayed with the Prophet till the Prophet 
took his meal and then Abu Bakr returned to his house after a 
long portion of the night had passed. Abu Bakr's wife said, 

'What detained you from your guests (or guest)?' He said, 

'Have you not served them yet?' She said, 'They refused to eat 
until you come. The food was served for them but they 
refused. " ^Abdur Rahman added, "I went away and hid myself 

(being afraid of Abu Bakr) and in the meantime he (Abu Bakr) 
called me, 'O Ghunthar (a harsh word) ! ' and also called me bad 
names and abused me and then said (to his family) , 'Eat . No 
welcome for you. ' Then (the supper was served) . Abu Bakr took 
an oath that he would not eat that food. The narrator added: 
By Allah, whenever any one of us (myself and the guests of 
Suffa companions) took anything from the food, it increased 
from underneath. We all ate to our fill and the food was more 
than it was before its serving. Abu Bakr looked at it (the 
food) and found it as it was before serving or even more than 



that. He addressed his wife (saying) 'O the sister of Bani 
Firas! What is this?' She said, 'O the pleasure of my eyes! 
The food is now three times more than it was before. ' Abu Bakr 
ate from it, and said, 'That (oath) was from Satan' meaning 
his oath (not to eat) . Then he again took a morsel (mouthful) 
from it and then took the rest of it to the Prophet . So that 
meal was with the Prophet . There was a treaty between us and 
some people, and when the period of that treaty had elapsed 
the Prophet divided us into twelve (groups) (the Prophet 's 
companions) each being headed by a man. Allah knows how many 
men were under the command of each (leader) . So all of them 
(12 groups of men) ate of that meal . " 



Bk. 11: Call to Prayers (Adhaan) 



2.577; 
Narrated Anas: 

The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they suggested 
those as signals to indicate the starting of prayers) , and by 
that they mentioned the Jews and the Christians . Then Bilal 
was ordered to pronounce Adhan for the prayer by saying its 
wordings twice, and for the Iqama (the call for the actual 
standing for the prayers in rows) by saying its wordings once. 
(Iqama is pronounced when the people are ready for the 
prayer) . 
1.578: 

Narrated Ibn *Umar: When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they 
used to assemble for the prayer, and used to guess the time 
for it . During those days, the practice of Adhan for the 
prayers had not been introduced yet . Once they discussed this 
problem regarding the call for prayer. Some people suggested 
the use of a bell like the Christians, others proposed a 
trumpet like the horn used by the Jews, but ^Umar was the 
first to suggest that a man should call (the people) for the 
prayer; so Allah's Apostle ordered Bilal to get up and 
pronounce the Adhan for prayers. 



1.579: 

Narrated Anas: 

Bilal was ordered to repeat the wording of the Adhan for 
prayers twice, and to pronounce the wording of the Iqama once 
except "Qad-qamat-is-salat " . 
1.580: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: When the number of Muslims increased 
they discussed the question as to how to know the time for the 
prayer by some familiar means. Some suggested that a fire be 
lit (at the time of the prayer) and others put forward the 
proposal to ring the bell . Bilal was ordered to pronounce the 
wording of Adhan twice and of the Iqama once only. 
1 . 581 : 

Narrated Abu Qilaba: Anas said, "Bilal was ordered to 
pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of Iqama once only. " 
The sub narrator Isma" il said, "I mentioned that to Aiyub and 
he added (to that), "Except Iqama (i.e. Qad-qamat-is-salat 
which should be said twice) . 
1.582: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "When the Adhan is 
pronounced Satan takes to his heels and passes wind with noise 
during his flight in order not to hear the Adhan. When the 
Adhan is completed he comes back and again takes to his heels 
when the Iqama is pronounced and after its completion he 
returns again till he whispers into the heart of the person 
(to divert his attention from his prayer) and makes him 
remember things which he does not recall to his mind before 
the prayer and that causes him to forget how much he has 
prayed. " 
1.583: 

Narrated x Abdur -Rahman : Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri told my father, "I 
see you liking sheep and the wilderness . So whenever you are 
with your sheep or in the wilderness and you want to pronounce 
Adhan for the prayer raise your voice in doing so, for whoever 
hears the Adhan, whether a human being, a jinn or any other 
creature, will be a witness for you on the Day of 
Resurrection." Abu Sa^id added, "I heard it (this narration) 
from Allah's Apostle. " 



1 . 584 : 

Narrated Humaid: 

Anas bin Malik said, "Whenever the Prophet went out with us to 

fight (in Allah ' s cause) against any nation, he never allowed 

us to attack till morning and he would wait and see: if he 

heard Adhan he would postpone the attack and if he did not 

hear Adhan he would attack them. " Anas added, "We reached 

Khaibar at night and in the morning when he did not hear the 

Adhan for the prayer, he (the Prophet ) rode and I rode behind 

Abi Talha and my foot was touching that of the Prophet . The 

inhabitants of Khaibar came out with their baskets and spades 

and when they saw the Prophet they shouted 'Muhammad! By 

Allah, Muhammad and his army. ' When Allah's Apostle saw them, 

he said, "Allahu-Akbar! Allahu-Akbar ! Khaibar is ruined. 

Whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight) , then evil 

will be the morning of those who have been warned. " 

1.585: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle said, "Whenever 

you hear the Adhan, say what the Mu ' adh-dhin is saying. 

1.586: 

Narrated x Jsa bin Talha: that he had heard Muawiya repeating 

the words of Adhan up to "Wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 

rasulul-lah (and I testify that Muhammad is Allah's Apostle.)" 

1.587: 

Narrated Yahya as above (586) and added: "Some of my 

companions told me that Hisham had said, "When the Mu' adh-dhin 

said, "Haiyi * alas-sala (come for the prayer) . " Muawiya said, 

"La hawla wala quwata ilia billah (There is neither might nor 

any power except with Allah) " and added, "We heard your 

Prophet saying the same. " 

1.588: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever 

after listening to the Adhan says, ' Allahumma Rabba 

hadhihi-d-da"watit-tammah, was-salatil qa'imah, ati Muhammadan 

al-wasilata wal-fadilah, wa b" ath-hu maqaman mahmudan-il-ladhi 

wa* adtahu' [O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (perfect by not 

ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is 

going to be established, give Muhammad the right of 



intercession and illustriousness , and resurrect him to the 
best and the highest place in Paradise that You promised him 

(of)], then my intercession for him will be allowed on the Day 

of Resurrection" . 

1.589: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If the people 

knew the reward for pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in 

the first row (in congregational prayers) and found no other 

way to get that except by drawing lots they would draw lots, 

and if they knew the reward of the Zuhr prayer (in the early 

moments of its stated time) they would race for it (go early) 

and if they knew the reward of "Isha' and Fajr (morning) 

prayers in congregation, they would come to offer them even if 

they had to crawl . " 

1.590: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Al-Harith: Once on a rainy muddy day, 

Ibn "Abbas delivered a sermon in our presence and when the 

Mu'adh-dhin pronounced the Adhan and said, "Haiyi 

"ala-s-sala (t) (come for the prayer)" Ibn "Abbas ordered him 

to say 'Pray at your homes. ' The people began to look at each 

other (surprisingly) . Ibn "Abbas said. "It was done by one who 

was much better than I (i.e. the Prophet or his Mu'adh-dhin), 

and it is a license. ' 

1 . 591 : 

Narrated Salim bin "Abdullah: My father said that Allah s 

Apostle said, "Bilal pronounces 'Adhan at night, so keep on 

eating and drinking (Suhur) till Ibn Urn Maktum pronounces 

Adhan. " Salim added, "He was a blind man who would not 

pronounce the Adhan unless he was told that the day had 

dawned. " 

1.592: 

Narrated Hafsa: 

When the Mu ' adh-dhin pronounced the Adhan for Fajr prayer and 

the dawn became evident the Prophet ordered a two rak" at light 

prayer (Sunna) before the Iqama of the compulsory 

(congregational) prayer. 

1.593: 

Narrated "Aisha : 



The Prophet used to offer two light rak^at between the Adhan 
and the Iqama of the Fajr prayer. 
1 . 594 : 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Bilal 
pronounces the Adhan at night, so keep on eating and drinking 
(Suhur) till Ibn Urn Maktum pronounces the Adhan. " 
1.595: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Mas*ud: The Prophet said, "The Adhan 
pronounced by Bilal should not stop you from taking Suhur, for 
he pronounces the Adhan at night, so that the one offering the 
late night prayer (Tahajjud) from among you might hurry up and 
the sleeping from among you might wake up. It does not mean 
that dawn or morning has started. " Then he (the Prophet) 
pointed with his fingers and raised them up (towards the sky) 
and then lowered them (towards the earth) like this (Ibn 
Mas*ud imitated the gesture of the Prophet) . Az-Zuhri gestured 
with his two index fingers which he put on each other and then 
stretched them to the right and left . These gestures 
illustrate the way real dawn appears. It spreads left and 
right horizontally . The dawn that appears in the high sky and 
lowers down is not the real dawn) . 
1.596: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet said, "Bilal pronounces the Adhan at night, so eat 
and drink (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces the Adhan. " 
1.597: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin Mughaffal Al-Muzani : Allah's Apostle 
said thrice, "There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhan 
and Iqama) , " and added, "For the one who wants to pray. " 
1.598: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: "When the Mu'adh-dhin pronounced the 
Adhan, some of the companions of the Prophet would proceed to 
the pillars of the mosque (for the prayer) till the Prophet 
arrived and in this way they used to pray two rak* at before 
the Maghrib prayer. There used to be a little time between the 
Adhan and the Iqama. " Shu^ba said, "There used to be a very 
short interval between the two (Adhan and Iqama) . 
1.599: 



Narrated N Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to pray two light rak^at before the 

morning (compulsory) prayer after the day dawned and the 

Mu'adh-dhin had finished his Adhan. He then would lie on his 

right side till the Mu'adh-dhin came to pronounce the Iqama. 

1.600: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Mughaffal : The prophet said, "There is 

a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhan and Iqama) , there is a 

prayer between the two Adhans. " And then while saying it the 

third time he added, "For the one who wants to (pray) . 

1 . 601 : 

Narrated Malik bin Huwairith: I came to the Prophet with some 

men from my tribe and stayed with him for twenty nights. He 

was kind and merciful to us. When he realized our longing for 

our families, he said to us, "Go back and stay with your 

families and teach them the religion, and offer the prayer and 

one of you should pronounce the Adhan for the prayer when its 

time is due and the oldest one amongst you should lead the 

prayer. " 

1.602: 

Narrated Abu Dhar: We were in the company of the Prophet on a 

journey and the Mu'adh-dhin wanted to pronounce the Adhan for 

the (Zuhr) prayer. The Prophet said to him, "Let it become 

cooler. " Then he again wanted to pronounce the Adhan but the 

Prophet; said to him, "Let it become cooler. " The Mu'adh-dhin 

again wanted to pronounce the Adhan for the prayer but the 

Prophet said, "Let it become cooler, " till the shadows of the 

hillocks become equal to their sizes. The Prophet added, "The 

severity of the heat is from the raging of Hell . " 

1.603: 

Narrated Malik bin Huwairith: Two men came to the Prophet with 

the intention of a journey. The Prophet said, "When (both of) 

you set out, pronounce Adhan and then Iqama and the oldest of 

you should lead the prayer. " 

1 . 604 : 

Narrated Malik: 

We came to the Prophet and stayed with him for twenty days and 

nights. We were all young and of about the same age. The 



Prophet was very kind and merciful . When he realized our 

longing for our families, he asked about our homes and the 

people there and we told him. Then he asked us to go back to 

our families and stay with them and teach them (the religion) 

and to order them to do good things. He also mentioned some 

other things which I have (remembered or [??] ) forgotten. The 

Prophet then added, "Pray as you have seen me praying and when 

it is the time for the prayer one of you should pronounce the 

Adhan and the oldest of you should lead the prayer. 

1.605: 

Narrated Nafi v ; 

Once in a cold night, Ibn "Umar pronounced the Adhan for the 

prayer at Dajnan (the name of a mountain) and then said, "Pray 

at your homes", and informed us that Allah's Apostle used to 

tell the Mu ' adh-dhin to pronounce Adhan and say, "Pray at your 

homes " at the end of the Adhan on a rainy or a very cold night 

during the journey. " 

1.606: 

Narrated % Aun bin Abi Juhaifa: My father said, "I saw Allah's 

Apostle at a place called Al-Abtah. Bilal came and informed 

him about the prayer and then came out with a short spear (or 

stick) and planted it in front of Allah's Apostle at Al-Abtah 

and pronounced the Iqama. " 

1.607: 

Narrated "Aun bin Abi Juhaifa: My father said, "I saw Bilal 

turning his face from side to side while pronouncing the Adhan 

for the prayer. " 

1.608: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said, "While we 

were praying with the Prophet he heard the noise of some 

people. After the prayer he said, 'What is the matter?' They 

replied 'We were hurrying for the prayer. ' He said, 'Do not 

make haste for the prayer, and whenever you come for the 

prayer, you should come with calmness, and pray whatever you 

get (with the people) and complete the rest which you have 

missed. " 

1.609: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "When you hear the 



Iqama, proceed to offer the prayer with calmness and solemnity 

and do not make haste. And pray whatever you are able to pray 

and complete whatever you have missed. 

1.610: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said. "Allah's 

Apostle said, 'If the Iqama is pronounced then do not stand 

for the prayer till you see me (in front of you) . ' " 

1 . 611 : 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abi: Qatada, My father said, "Allah's 

Apostle said, 'If the Iqama is pronounced, then do not stand 

for the prayer till you see me (in front of you) and do it 

calmly. ' " 

1.612: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle went out (of the mosque) 

when the Iqama had been pronounced and the rows straightened. 

The Prophet stood at his Musalla (praying place) and we waited 

for the Prophet to begin the prayer with Takbir. He left and 

asked us to remain in our places. We kept on standing till the 

Prophet returned and the water was trickling from his head for 

he had taken a bath (of Janaba) . 

1.613: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Once Iqama was pronounced and the people 

had straightened the rows, Allah ' s Apostle went forward (to 

lead the prayer) but he was Junub, so he said, "Remain in your 

places. " And he went out, took a bath and returned with water 

trickling from his head. Then he led the prayer. 

1.614: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: On the day of Al-Khandaq (the 

trench), "Umar bin Al-Khattab went to the Prophet and said, "O 

Allah's Apostle! By Allah, I could not pray (the "Asr) till 

the sun had set." "Umar told this to the Prophet at the time 

when a fasting person had done Iftar (taken his meals) . The 

Prophet then went to Buthan and I was with him. He performed 

ablution and offered the "Asr prayer after the sun had set and 

then the Maghrib prayer. 

1.615: 

Narrated Anas: 

Once the Iqama was pronounced and the Prophet was talking to a 



man (in a low voice) in a corner of the mosque and he did not 

lead the prayer till (some of) the people had slept (dozed in 

a sitting posture) . 

1.616: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once Iqama was pronounced a man came 

to the Prophet and detained him (from the prayer) . 

1.611: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose 

Hand my soul is I was about to order for collecting firewood 

(fuel) and then order Someone to pronounce the Adhan for the 
prayer and then order someone to lead the prayer then I would 
go from behind and burn the houses of men who did not present 
themselves for the (compulsory congregational) prayer. By Him, 
in Whose Hands my soul is, if anyone of them had known that he 
would get a bone covered with good meat or two (small) pieces 
of meat present in between two ribs, he would have turned up 
for the " Isha ' prayer . ' 
1.618: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "The 
prayer in congregation is twenty seven times superior to the 
prayer offered by person alone. " 
1.619: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : The Prophet said, "The prayer in 
congregation is twenty five times superior to the prayer 
offered by person alone. " 
1.620: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The reward of the 
prayer offered by a person in congregation is twenty five 
times greater than that of the prayer offered in one's house 
or in the market (alone) . And this is because if he performs 
ablution and does it perfectly and then proceeds to the mosque 
with the sole intention of praying, then for every step he 
takes towards the mosque, he is upgraded one degree in reward 
and his one sin is taken off (crossed out) from his accounts 

(of deeds) . When he offers his prayer, the angels keep on 
asking Allah's Blessings and Allah's forgiveness for him as 
long as he is (staying) at his Musalla. They say, 'O Allah! 
Bestow Your blessings upon him, be Merciful and kind to him. ' 



And one is regarded in prayer as long as one is waiting for 
the prayer. " 
1 . 621 : 

Narrated Abu Salama bin "Abdur Rahman: Abu Huraira said, "I 
heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'The reward of a prayer in 
congregation is twenty five times greater than that of a 
prayer offered by a person alone. The angels of the night and 
the angels of the day gather at the time of Fajr prayer. ' " 
Abu Huraira then added, "Recite the Holy Book if you wish, for 

"Indeed, the recitation of the Qur'an in the early dawn (Fajr 
prayer) is ever witnessed." (17.18). Narrated ^Abdullah bin 

^Umar: The reward of the congregational prayer is twenty seven 

times greater (than that of the prayer offered by a person 

alone) . 

1.622: 

Narrated Salim: 

I heard Um Ad-Darda ' saying, "Abu Ad-Darda ' entered the house 

in an angry mood. I said to him. 'What makes you angry?' He 

replied, 'By Allah! I do not find the followers of Muhammad 

doing those good things (which they used to do before) except 

the offering of congregational prayer. " (This happened in the 

last days of Abu Ad-Darda ' during the rule of v Uthman) . 

1.623: 

Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "The people who get 

tremendous reward for the prayer are those who are farthest 

away (from the mosque) and then those who are next farthest 

and so on. Similarly one who waits to pray with the Imam has 

greater reward than one who prays and goes to bed. " 

1 . 624 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was 

going on a way, he saw a thorny branch and removed it from the 

way and Allah became pleased by his action and forgave him for 

that . " Then the Prophet said, "Five are martyrs : One who dies 

of plague, one who dies of an Abdominal disease, one who dies 

of drowning, one who is buried alive (and) dies and one who is 

killed in Allah's cause." (The Prophet further said, "If the 

people knew the reward for pronouncing the Adhan and for 

standing in the first row (in the congregational prayer) and 



found no other way to get it except by drawing lots they would 
do so, and if they knew the reward of offering the Zuhr prayer 
early (in its stated time) , they would race for it and they 
knew the reward for x Jsha' and Fajr prayers in congregation, 
they would attend them even if they were to crawl ' ) 
1.625: 

Narrated Humaid: 

Anas said, "The Prophet said, 'O Bani Salima! Don't you think 
that for every step of yours (that you take towards the 
mosque) there is a reward (while coming for prayer) ?" Mujahid 
said: "Regarding Allah' s Statement: "We record that which they 
have sent before (them), and their traces" (36.12). 'Their 
traces' means 'their steps. ' " And Anas said that the people 
of Bani Salima wanted to shift to a place near the Prophet but 
Allah's Apostle disliked the idea of leaving their houses 
uninhabited and said, "Don 't you think that you will get the 
reward for your footprints . " Mujahid said, "Their foot prints 
mean their foot steps and their going on foot. " 
1.626: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "No prayer is harder 
for the hypocrites than the Fajr and the x Jsha' prayers and if 
they knew the reward for these prayers at their respective 
times, they would certainly present themselves (in the 
mosques) even if they had to c awl . " The Prophet added, 

"Certainly I decided to order the Mu'adh-dhin (call-maker) to 
pronounce Iqama and order a man to lead the prayer and then 
take a fire flame to burn all those who had not left their 
houses so far for the prayer along with their houses. " 
1.627: 
Narrated Malik bin Huwairith: Prophet said (to two persons) , 

"Whenever the prayer time becomes due, you should pronounce 
Adhan and then Iqama and the older of you should lead the 
prayer. " 
1.628: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The angels keep 
on asking for Allah ' s Blessing and Forgiveness for anyone of 
you as long as he is at his Musalla (praying place) and does 
not do Hadath (passes wind) . The angels say, 'O Allah! Forgive 



him and be Merciful to him. ' Each one of you is in the prayer 
as long as he is waiting for the prayer and nothing but the 
prayer detains him from going to his family. " 
1.629: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah will give 
shade, to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but 
His. (These seven persons are) a just ruler, a youth who has 
been brought up in the worship of Allah (i.e. worships Allah 
sincerely from childhood) , a man whose heart is attached to 
the mosques (i.e. to pray the compulsory prayers in the mosque 
in congregation) , two persons who love each other only for 
Allah's sake and they meet and part in Allah's cause only, a 
man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth 
for illicit intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of 
Allah, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his 
left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. 
nobody knows how much he has given in charity) , and a person 
who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded 
with tears. " 
1.630: 

Narrated Humaid: 

Anas was asked, "Did Allah's Apostle wear a ring?" He said, 
"Yes. Once he delayed the "Isha' prayer till midnight and 
after the prayer, he faced us and said, 'The people prayed and 
have slept and you remained in prayer as long as you waited 
for it . ' " Anas added, "As if I were just now observing the 
glitter of his ring. " 
1 . 631 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah will prepare 
for him who goes to the mosque (every) morning and in the 
afternoon (for the congregational prayer) an honorable place 
in Paradise with good hospitality for (what he has done) every 
morning and afternoon goings. 
1.632: 

Narrated Malik Ibn Buhaina: Allah's Apostle passed by a man 
praying two rak^at after the Iqama (had been pronounced). When 
Allah's Apostle completed the prayer, the people gathered 
around him (the Prophet) or that man and Allah's Apostle said 



to him (protesting) , Are there four rak^at in Fajr prayer? Are 

there four rak^at in Fajr prayer?" 

1.633: 

Narrated Al-Aswad: "We were with "Aisha discussing the 

regularity of offering the prayer and dignifying it . She said, 

'When Allah's Apostle fell sick with the fatal illness and 
when the time of prayer became due and Adhan was pronounced, 
he said, 'Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer. ' He was 
told that Abu Bakr was a softhearted man and would not be able 
to lead the prayer in his place. The Prophet gave the same 
order again but he was given the same reply. He gave the order 
for the third time and said, 'You (women) are the companions 
of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer. ' So Abu Bakr came 
out to lead the prayer. In the meantime the condition of the 
Prophet improved a bit and he came out with the help of two 
men one on each side. As if I was observing his legs dragging 
on the ground owing to the disease. Abu Bakr wanted to retreat 
but the Prophet beckoned him to remain at his place and the 
Prophet was brought till he sat beside Abu Bakr. " Al-A"mash 
was asked, "Was the Prophet praying and Abu Bakr following 
him, and were the people following Abu Bakr in that prayer?" 
Al-A"mash replied in the affirmative with a nod of his head. 
Abu Muawiya said, "The Prophet was sitting on the left side of 
Abu Bakr who was praying while standing . " 
1 . 634 : 
Narrated " Aisha : 

"When the Prophet became seriously ill and his disease became 
aggravated he asked for permission from his wives to be nursed 
in my house and he was allowed. He came out with the help of 
two men and his legs were dragging on the ground. He was 
between Al-^ Abbas and another man. " 'Ubaidullah said, "I told 
Ibn v Abbas what * Aisha had narrated and he said, 'Do you know 
who was the (second) man whose name " Aisha did not mention ' " I 
said, 'No. ' Ibn x Abbas said, 'He was *Ali Ibn Abi Talib. ' " 
1.635: 

Narrated Nafi N ; 

Once on a very cold and stormy night, Ibn "Umar pronounced the 
Adhan for the prayer and then said, "Pray in your homes. " He 



(Ibn *Umar) added. "On very cold and rainy nights Allah's 
Apostle used to order the Mu ' adh-dhin to say, 'Pray in your 
homes. ' " 
1.636: 

Narrated Mahmud bin Rabi" Al-Ansari : " Itban bin Malik used to 
lead his people (tribe) in prayer and was a blind man, he said 
to Allah's Apostle r "O Allah's Apostle! At times it is dark 
and flood water is flowing (in the valley) and I am blind man, 
so please pray at a place in my house so that I can take it as 
a Musalla (praying place) . " So Allah's Apostle went to his 
house and said, "Where do you like me to pray?" ' Itban pointed 
to a place in his house and Allah's Apostle, offered the 
prayer there. 
1.637: 
Narrated x Abdullah bin Al-Harith: Ibn x Abbas addressed us on a 

(rainy and) muddy day and when the Mu' adh-dhin said, "Come for 
the prayer" Ibn x Abbas ordered him to say, "Pray in your 
homes. " The people began to look at one another with surprise 
as if they did not like it . Ibn s Abbas said, "It seems that 
you thought ill of it but no doubt it was done by one who was 
better than I (i.e. the Prophet) . It (the prayer) is a strict 
order and I disliked to bring you out. " Ibn "Abbas narrated 
the same as above but he said, "I did not like you to make you 
sinful (in refraining from coming to the mosque) and to come 

(to the mosque) covered with mud up to the knees. " 

1.638: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : A cloud came and it rained till 

the roof started leaking and in those days the roof used to be 

of the branches of date-palms. Iqama was pronounced and I saw 

Allah's Apostles prostrating in water and mud and even I saw 

the mark of mud on his forehead. 

1.639: 

Narrated Anas bin Seereen: I heard Anas saying, "A man from 

Ansar said to the Prophet, 'I cannot pray with you (in 

congregation) . ' He was a very fat man and he prepared a meal 

for the Prophet and invited him to his house. He spread out a 

mat for the Prophet, and washed one of its sides with water, 

and the Prophet prayed two rak % at on it." A man from the 



family of Al-Jaruld [??] asked, "Did the Prophet used to pray 

the Duha (forenoon) prayer?" Anas said, "I did not see him 

praying the Duha prayer except on that day. " 

1.640: 

Narrated ^Alsha : 

The Prophet said, "If supper Is served, and Iqama Is 

pronounced one should start with the supper. " 

1 . 641 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle said, "If the supper 

Is served start having It before praying the Maghrib prayer 

and do not be hasty In finishing It . " 

1 . 642 : 

Narrated Nafl v ; 

Ibn ^Umar said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'If the supper Is 

served for anyone of you and the Iqama Is pronounced, start 

with the supper and don 't be In haste (and carry on eating) 

till you finish It. " If food was served for Ibn ^Umar and 

Iqama was pronounced, he never came to the prayer till he 

finished It (I.e. food) In spite of the fact that he heard the 

recitation (of the Qur'an) by the Imam (In the prayer). 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet said, "If anyone of you Is 

having his meals, he should not hurry up till he Is; satisfied 

even If the prayer has been started. " 

1.643: 

Narrated Ja x far bin *Amr bin Umalya: My father said, "I saw 

Allah's Apostle eating a piece of meat from the shoulder of a 

sheep and he was called for the prayer. He stood up, put down 

the knife and prayed but did not perform ablution. ' ' 

1 . 644 : 

Narrated Al-Aswad: That he asked ^Alsha "What did the Prophet 

use to do In his house?" She replied, "He used to keep himself 

busy serving his family and when It was the time for prayer he 

would go for It . " 

1.645: 

Narrated Alyub: 

Abu Qllaba said, "Malik bin Huwalrlth came to this Mosque of 

ours and said, 'I pray In front of you and my aim Is not to 

lead the prayer but to show you the way In which the Prophet 



used to pray. ' " I asked Abu Qilaba, "How did he use to pray? ' 
" He replied, " (The Prophet used to pray) like this Sheikh of 
ours and the Sheikh used to sit for a while after the 
prostration, before getting up after the first rak^a. " 
1.646: 

Narrated Abu Musa: "The Prophet became sick and when his 
disease became aggravated, he said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the 
prayer. " "Aisha said, "He is a softhearted man and would not 
be able to lead the prayer in your place. " The Prophet said 
again, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer. " She 
repeated the same reply but he said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead 
the people in prayer. You are the companions of Joseph. " So 
the messenger went to Abu Bakr (with that order) and he led 
the people in prayer in the lifetime of the Prophet . 
1.647: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

the mother of the believers: Allah's Apostle in his illness 
said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer. " I said to 
him, "If Abu Bakr stands in your place, the people would not 
hear him owing to his (excessive) weeping. So please order 
% Umar to lead the prayer. " "Aisha added I said to Hafsa, "Say 
to him: If Abu Bakr should lead the people in the prayer in 
your place, the people would not be able to hear him owing to 
his weeping; so please, order % Umar to lead the prayer. " Hafsa 
did so but Allah's Apostle said, "Keep quiet! You are verily 
the Companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in 
the prayer. " Hafsa said to "Aisha, "I never got anything good 
from you. " 
1.648: 

Narrated Az-Zuhri [??] : Anas bin Malik Al-Ansari, told me, 
"Abu Bakr used to lead the people in prayer during the fatal 
illness of the Prophet till it was Monday. When the people 
aligned (in rows) for the prayer the Prophet lifted the 
curtain of his house and started looking at us and was 
standing at that time. His face was (glittering) like a page 
of the Qur'an and he smiled cheerfully. We were about to be 
put to trial for the pleasure of seeing the Prophet, Abu Bakr 
retreated to join the row as he thought that the Prophet would 



lead the prayer. The Prophet beckoned us to complete the 
prayer and he let the curtain fall. On the same day he died. " 
1.649: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet did not come out for three days. The people stood 
for the prayer and Abu Bakr went ahead to lead the prayer. (In 
the meantime) the Prophet caught hold of the curtain and 
lifted it . When the face of the Prophet appeared we had never 
seen a scene more pleasing than the face of the Prophet as it 
appeared then. The Prophet beckoned to Abu Bakr to lead the 
people in the prayer and then let the curtain fall . We did not 
see him (again) till he died. 
1.650: 

Narrated Hamza bin ^Abdullah: My father said, "When Allah's 
Apostle became seriously ill, he was told about the prayer. He 
said, 'Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. ' "Aisha 
said, 'Abu Bakr is a softhearted man and he would be 
overpowered by his weeping if he recited the Qur'an. ' He said 
to them, 'Tell him (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer. The same 
reply was given to him. He said again, 'Tell him to lead the 
prayer. You (women) are the companions of Joseph. " 
1 . 651 : 

Narrated ^Urwa's father: ^Aisha said, "Allah's Apostle ordered 
Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer during his illness 
and so he led them in prayer. " *Urwa, a sub narrator, added, 
"Allah's Apostle felt a bit relieved and came out and Abu Bakr 
was leading the people. When Abu Bakr saw the Prophet he 
retreated but the Prophet beckoned him to remain there. 
Allah's Apostle sat beside Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was following 
the prayer of Allah ' s Apostle and the people were following 
the prayer of Abu Bakr. " 
1.652: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d As-Sa" idi : Allah's Apostle went to 
establish peace among Bani "Amr bin ^Auf. In the meantime the 
time of prayer was due and the Mu'adh-dhin went to Abu Bakr 
and said, "Will you lead the prayer, so that I may pronounce 
the Iqama?" Abu Bakr replied in the affirmative and led the 
prayer. Allah's Apostle came while the people were still 



praying and he entered the rows of the praying people till he 
stood in the (first row) . The people clapped their hands. Abu 
Bakr never glanced sideways in his prayer but when the people 
continued clapping, Abu Bakr looked and saw Allah's Apostle. 
Allah's Apostle beckoned him to stay at his place. Abu Bakr 
raised his hands and thanked Allah for that order of Allah's 
Apostle and then he retreated till he reached the first row. 
Allah's Apostle went forward and led the prayer. When Allah's 
Apostle finished the prayer, he said, "O Abu Bakr! What 
prevented you from staying when I ordered you to do so?" Abu 
Bakr replied, "How can Ibn Abi Quhafa (Abu Bakr) dare to lead 
the prayer in the presence of Allah's Apostle?" Then Allah's 
Apostle said, "Why did you clap so much? If something happens 
to anyone during his prayer he should say Subhan Allah. If he 
says so he will be attended to, for clapping is for women. " 
1.653: 

Narrated Malik bin Huwairith: We went to the Prophet and we 
were all young men and stayed with him for about twenty 
nights. The Prophet was very merciful. He said, "When you 
return home, impart religious teachings to your families and 
tell them to offer perfectly such and such a prayer at such 
and such a time and such and such a prayer at such and such a 
time. And al the time of the prayer one of you should 
pronounce the Adhan and the oldest of you should lead the 
prayer. " 
1 . 654 : 

Narrated " Itban bin Malik Al-Ansari : The Prophet (came to my 
house and) asked permission for entering and I allowed him. He 
asked, "Where do you like me to pray in your house?" I pointed 
to a place which I liked. He stood up for prayer and we 
aligned behind him and he finished the prayer with Taslim and 
we did the same. 
1.655: 

Narrated 'Ubaidullah Ibn ^Abdullah bin ^Utba: I went to ^Aisha 
and asked her to describe to me the illness of Allah ' s 
Apostle. ^Aisha said, "Yes. The Prophet became seriously ill 
and asked whether the people had prayed. We replied, 'No. O 
Allah's Apostle! They are waiting for you. ' He added, 'Put 



water for me in a trough. " * Aisha added, "We did so. He took a 
bath and tried to get up but fainted. When he recovered, he 
again asked whether the people had prayed. We said, 'No, they 
are waiting for you. O Allah's Apostle, ' He again said, 'Put 
water in a trough for me. ' He sat down and took a bath and 
tried to get up but fainted again. Then he recovered and said, 

'Have the people prayed? ' We replied, 'No, they are waiting 
for you. O Allah's Apostle. ' He said, 'Put water for me in the 
trough. ' Then he sat down and washed himself and tried to get 
up but he fainted. When he recovered, he asked, 'Have the 
people prayed?' We said, 'No, they are waiting for you. O 
Allah's Apostle! The people were in the mosque waiting for the 
Prophet for the * Isha prayer. The Prophet sent for Abu Bakr to 
lead the people in the prayer. The messenger went to Abu Bakr 
and said, 'Allah's Apostle orders you to lead the people in 
the prayer. ' Abu Bakr was a softhearted man, so he asked ^Umar 
to lead the prayer but ^Urnar replied, 'You are more rightful . ' 
So Abu Bakr led the prayer in those days. When the Prophet 
felt a bit better, he came out for the Zuhr prayer with the 
help of two persons one of whom was Al-^ Abbas, while Abu Bakr 
was leading the people in the prayer. When Abu Bakr saw him he 
wanted to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him not to do so 
and asked them to make him sit beside Abu Bakr and they did 
so. Abu Bakr was following the Prophet (in the prayer) and the 
people were following Abu Bakr. The Prophet (prayed) sitting. " 

'Ubaidullah added "I went to " Abdullah bin " Abbas and asked 
him, Shall I tell you what Aisha has told me about the fatal 
illness of the Prophet? ' Ibn " Abbas said, 'Go ahead. I told 
him her narration and he did not deny anything of it but asked 
whether * Aisha told me the name of the second person (who 
helped the Prophet ) along with Al-Abbas . I said. 'No. ' He 
said, 'He was ^Ali (Ibn Abi Talib) . 
1.656: 

Narrated Aisha: 

the mother of the believers: Allah's Apostle during his 
illness prayed at his house while sitting whereas some people 
prayed behind him standing . The Prophet beckoned them to sit 
down. On completion of the prayer, he said, 'The Imam is to be 



followed: bow when he bows, raise up your heads (stand erect) 
when he raises his head and when he says, 'Saml^a 1-lahu llman 
hamldah ' (Allah heard those who sent praises to Him) say then 

'Rabbana wa laka 1-hamd' (O our Lord! All the praises are for 

You) , and If he prays sitting then pray sitting. " 

1.657: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once Allah's Apostle rode a horse and 

fell down and the right side (of his body) was Injured. He 

offered one of the prayers while sitting and we also prayed 

behind him sitting. When he completed the prayer, he said, 

"The Imam Is to be followed. Pray standing If he prays 
standing and bow when he bows; rise when he rises; and If he 
says, 'Saml*a 1-lahu-llman hamldah, say then, 'Rabbana wa laka 
1-hamd ' and pray standing If he prays standing and pray 
sitting (all of you) If he prays sitting. " Humald said: The 
saying of the Prophet "Pray sitting, If he (Imam) prays 
sitting" was said In his former Illness (during his early 
life) but the Prophet prayed sitting afterwards (In the last 
Illness) and the people were praying standing behind him and 
the Prophet did not order them to sit. We should follow the 
latest actions of the Prophet. 
1 . 658 : 
Narrated Al-Bara: 

(and he was not a liar) When Allah's Apostle said, "Saml"a 

1-lahu llman hamldah" none of us bent his back (for 

prostration) till the Prophet prostrated and then we would 

prostrate after him. 

1.659: 

Narrated Abu ' Is-haq: As above. 

1.660: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: The Prophet said, "Isn't he who raises 

his head before the Imam afraid that Allah may transform his 

head Into that of a donkey or his figure (face) Into that of a 

donkey?" 

1 . 661 : 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: When the earliest emigrants came to 

Al-*Usba [??] a place In Quba', before the arrival of the 



Prophet- Salim, the slave of Abu Hudhaifa, who knew the Qur ' an 

more than the others used to lead them in prayer. 

1.662: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Listen and obey (your chief) even if an 

Ethiopian whose head is like a raisin were made your chief. " 

1.663: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If the Imam leads 

the prayer correctly then he and you will receive the rewards 

but if he makes a mistake (in the prayer) then you will 

receive the reward for the prayer and the sin will be his. " 

1 . 664 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said to Abu-Dhar, "Listen 

and obey (your chief) even if he is an Ethiopian with a head 

like a raisin. " 

1.665: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Once I passed the night in the house of 

my aunt Maimuna. Allah's Apostle offered the x Tsha' prayer and 

then came to the house and offered four rak^at an slept. Later 

on, he woke up and stood for the prayer and I stood on his 

left side. He drew me to his right and prayed five rak^at and 

then two. He then slept till I heard him snoring (or heard his 

breath sounds) . Afterwards he went out for the morning prayer. 

1.666: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: One night I slept at the house of (my 

aunt) Maimuna and the Prophet was there on that night . He 

performed ablution and stood up for the prayer. I joined him 

and stood on his left side but he drew me to his right and 

prayed thirteen rak" at and then slept till I heard his breath 

sounds. And whenever he slept, he used to breathe with audible 

sounds. The Mu'adh-dhin came to the Prophet and he went out 

and prayed the morning prayer) without repeating the ablution. 

1.667: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Once I passed the night in the house of 

my aunt Maimuna. The Prophet stood for the night prayer and I 

joined him and stood on his left side but he drew me to his 

right by holding me by the head. 

1.668: 



Narrated Mu^adh bin Jabal: I used to pray the * Isha prayer 

with the Prophet and then go to lead my people in the prayer. 

1.669: 

Narrated ^Amr: 

Jabir bin "Abdullah said, "Mu^adh bin Jabal used to pray with 

the Prophet and then go to lead his people in prayer Once he 

led the "Isha' prayer and recited Surat "Al-Baqara." Somebody 

left the prayer and Mu^adh criticized him. The news reached 

the Prophet and he said to Mu" adh, 'You are putting the people 

to trial, ' and repeated it thrice (or said something similar) 

and ordered him to recite two medium Suras of Mufassal . " ("Amr 

said that he had forgotten the names of those Suras) . 

1.670: 

Narrated Abu Mas"ud: A man came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! 

By Allah, I keep away from the morning prayer only because So 

and so prolongs the prayer when he leads us in it. " The 

narrator said, "I never saw Allah's Apostle more furious in 

giving advice than he was at that time. He then said, "Some of 

you make people dislike good deeds (the prayer) . So whoever 

among you leads the people in prayer should shorten it because 

among them are the weak, the old and the needy. " 

1 . 611 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you 

leads the people in the prayer, he should shorten it for 

amongst them are the weak, the sick and the old; and if anyone 

among your prays alone then he may prolong (the prayer) as 

much as he wishes. " 

1.672: 

Narrated Abu Mas^ud: A man came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! 

I keep away from the morning prayer because so-and-so (Imam) 

prolongs it too much. " Allah's Apostle became furious and I 

had never seen him more furious than he was on that day. The 

Prophet said, "O people! Some of you make others dislike the 

prayer, so whoever becomes an Imam he should shorten the 

prayer, as behind him are the weak, the old and the needy. ' ' 

1.673: 

Narrated Jabir bin " Abdullah Al-Ansari : Once a man was driving 

two Nadihas (camels used for agricultural purposes) and night 



had fallen. He found Mu^adh praying so he made his camel kneel 
and joined Mu^adh In the prayer. The latter recited Surat 
'Al-Baqara" or Surat "An-Nlsa" , (so) the man left the prayer 
and went away. When he came to know that Mu^adh had criticized 
him, he went to the Prophet, and complained against Mu^adh. 
The Prophet said thrice, "O Mu^adh ! Are you putting the 
people to trial?" It would have been better If you had recited 
"Sabblh Isma Rabblka-1-A* la (87) ", Wash-shamsl wa duhaha 
(91) ", or "Wal-lalll Idha yaghsha (92) ", for the old, the weak 
and the needy pray behind you. " Jablr said that Mu^adh recited 
Sura Al-Baqara In the *Isha' prayer. 
1 . 674 : 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet used to pray a short prayer (In congregation) but 
used to offer It In a perfect manner. 
1.675: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin 'Abl Qatada: My father said, "The 
Prophet said, 'When I stand for prayer, I Intend to prolong It 
but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut It short, as I 
dislike to trouble the child's mother. ' " 
1.676: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: I never prayed behind any Imam a 
prayer lighter and more perfect than that behind the Prophet 
and he used to cut short the prayer whenever he heard the 
cries of a child lest he should put the child's mother to 
trial . 
1.677: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "When I start the 
prayer I Intend to prolong It, but on hearing the cries of a 
child, I cut short the prayer because I know that the cries of 
the child will Incite Its mother's passions." 
1.678: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet, said, "Whenever I start 
the prayer I Intend to prolong It, but on hearing the cries of 
a child, I cut short the prayer because I know that the cries 
of the child will Incite Its mother's passions . " 
1.679: 
Narrated Jablr bin "Abdullah: Mu" adh used to pray with the 



Prophet and then go and lead his people (tribe) in the prayer. 
1.680: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

When the Prophet, became ill in his fatal illness, Someone 
came to inform him about the prayer, and the Prophet told him 
to tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. I said, 
"Abu Bakr is a softhearted man and if he stands for the prayer 
in your place, he would weep and would not be able to recite 
the Qur'an. " The Prophet said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the 
prayer. " I said the same as before. He (repeated the same 
order and) on the third or the fourth time he said, "You are 
the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer. " 
So Abu Bakr led the prayer and meanwhile the Prophet felt 
better and came out with the help of two men; as if I see him 
just now dragging his feet on the ground. When Abu Bakr saw 
him, he tried to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him to carry 
on. Abu Bakr retreated a bit and the Prophet sat on his (left) 
side. Abu Bakr was repeating the Takbir (Allahu Akbar) of 
Allah's Apostle for the people to hear. 
1.681: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

When Allah's Apostle became seriously ill, Bilal came to him 
for the prayer. He said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in 
the prayer. " I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Abu Bakr is a 
softhearted man and if he stands in your place, he would not 
be able to make the people hear him. Will you order ^Umar (to 
lead the prayer) ?" The Prophet said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead 
the people in the prayer. " Then I said to Hafsa, "Tell him, 
Abu i Bakr is a softhearted man and if he stands in his place, 
he would not be able to make the people hear him. Would you 
order ^Urnar to lead the prayer?' " Hafsa did so. The Prophet 
said, "Verily you are the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr 
to lead the people in the prayer. " So Abu- Bakr stood for the 
prayer. In the meantime Allah's Apostle felt better and came 
out with the help of two persons and both of his legs were 
dragging on the ground till he entered the mosque. When Abu 
Bakr heard him coming, he tried to retreat but Allah ' s Apostle 
beckoned him to carry on. The Prophet sat on his left side. 



Abu Bakr was praying while standing and Allah's Apostle was 
leading the prayer while sitting. Abu Bakr was following the 
Prophet and the people were following Abu Bakr (in the 
prayer) . 
1.682: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Once Allah's Apostle prayed two rak^ at 
(instead of four) and finished his prayer. Dhul-Yadain asked 
him whether the prayer had been reduced or whether he had 
forgotten. Allah's Apostle asked the people whether 
Dhul-Yadain was telling the truth. The people replied in the 
affirmative. Then Allah's Apostle stood up, offered the 
remaining two rak^at and then finished his prayer with Taslim 
and then said, "Allahu Akbar. " He followed it with two 
prostrations like ordinary prostrations or a bit longer. 
1.683: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet prayed two rak^at of Zuhr 
prayer (instead of four) and he was told that he had prayed 
two rak^at only. Then he prayed two more rak^at and finished 
them with the Taslim followed by two prostrations . 
1.684: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

the mother of the faithful believers: Allah's Apostle in his 
last illness said, "Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the 
prayer. " I said, "If Abu Bakr stood in your place, he would 
not be able to make the people hear him owing to his weeping. 
So please order ^Urnar to lead the prayer. " He said, "Tell Abu 
Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. " I said to Hafsa, "Say 
to him, 'Abu Bakr is a softhearted man and if he stood in your 
place he would not be able to make the people hear him owing 
to his weeping. So order ^Umar to lead the people in the 
prayer. ' " Hafsa did so but Allah's Apostle said, "Keep quiet. 
Verily you are the companions of (Prophet) Joseph. Tell Abu 
Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. " Hafsa said to me, "I 
never got any good from you. " 
1.685: 

Narrated An-Nu^man bin 'Bashir: The Prophet said, "Straighten 
your rows or Allah will alter your faces. " 
1.686: 



Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Straighten your rows, for I see you from 
behind my back. ' 
1.687: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once the Iqama was pronounced and 
Allah's Apostle faced us and said, "Straighten your rows and 
stand closer together, for I see you from behind my back. ' 
1.688: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Martyrs are those who 
die because of drowning, plague, an Abdominal disease, or of 
being buried alive by a falling building. " And then he added, 
"If the people knew the Reward for the Zuhr prayer in its 
early time, they would race for it . If they knew the reward 
for the *Isha' and the Fajr prayers in congregation, they 
would join them even if they had to crawl. If they knew the 
reward for the first row, they would draw lots for it. " 
1.689: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The Imam is 
(appointed) to be followed. So do not differ from him, bow 
when he bows, and say, "Rabbana-lakal hamd" if he says "Sami^a 
1-lahu liman hamidah" ; and if he prostrates, prostrate (after 
him) , and if he prays sitting, pray sitting all together, and 
straighten the rows for the prayer, as the straightening of 
the rows is amongst those things which make your prayer a 
correct and perfect one. (See Hadith No. 657) . 
1.690: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Straighten your 
rows as the straightening of rows is essential for a perfect 
and correct prayer. " 
1 . 691 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: I arrived at Medina and was asked 
whether I found any change since the days of Allah's Apostle. 
I said, "I have not found any change except that you do not 
stand in alignment in your prayers. " 
1.692: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Straighten your 
rows for I see you from behind my back. " Anas added, "Everyone 
of us used to put his shoulder with the shoulder of his 



companion and his foot with the foot of his companion. " 
1.693: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: I prayed with the Prophet one night and 
stood on his left side. Allah's Apostle caught hold of my head 
from behind and drew me to his right and then offered the 
prayer and slept. Later the Mu'adh-dhin came and the Prophet 
stood up for prayer without performing ablution. 
1 . 694 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: One night an orphan and I offered the 
prayers behind the Prophet in my house and my mother (Um 
Sulaim) was standing behind us (by herself forming a row) . 
1.695: 

Narrated Ibn s Abbas: One night I stood to the left of the 
Prophet in the prayer but he caught hold of me by the hand or 
by the shoulder (arm) till he made me stand on his right and 
beckoned with his hand (for me) to go from behind (him) . 
(Al-Kashmaihani [??] , Fath-ul-Bari) . 
1.696: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to pray in his room at night. As the wall 
of the room was LOW, the people saw him and some of them stood 
up to follow him in the prayer. In the morning they spread the 
news. The following night the Prophet stood for the prayer and 
the people followed him. This went on for two or three nights. 
Thereupon Allah ' s Apostle did not stand for the prayer the 
following night, and did not come out. In the morning, the 
people asked him about it . He replied, that he way afraid that 
the night prayer might become compulsory . 
1.697: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet had a mat which he used to spread during the day 
and use as a curtain at night . So a number of people gathered 
at night facing it and prayed behind him. 
1.698: 

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: Allah's Apostle made a small room in 
the month of Ramadan (Sa"id said, "I think that Zaid bin 
Thabit said that it was made of a mat ") and he prayed there 
for a few nights, and so some of his companions prayed behind 



him. When he came to know about it, he kept on sitting. In the 
morning, he went out to them and said, "I have seen and 
understood what you did. You should pray in your houses, for 
the best prayer of a person is that which he prays in his 
house except the compulsory prayers. " 

Bk. 12: Characteristics of Prayer 



1.699: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik Al-Ansari: Allah's Apostle rode a 
horse and fell down and the right side of his body was 
injured. On that day he prayed one of the prayers sitting and 
we also prayed behind him sitting. When the Prophet finished 
the prayer with Taslim, he said, "The Imam is to be followed 
and if he prays standing then pray standing, and bow when he 
bows, and raise your heads when he raises his head; prostrate 
when he prostrates; and if he says "Sami^a 1-lahu liman 
hamidah", you should say, "Rabbana wa laka 1-hamd. : 
1 . 700 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle fell from a horse and 
got injured so he led the prayer sitting and we also prayed 
sitting. When he completed the prayer he said, "The Imam is to 
be followed; if he says Takbir then say Takbir, bow if he 
bows; raise your heads when he raises his head, when he says, 
' Sami" a 1-lahu liman hamidah say, 'Rabbana laka 1-hamd', and 
prostrate when he prostrates . " 
1 . 701 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The Imam is to be 
followed. Say the Takbir when he says it; bow if he bows; if 
he says ' Sami" a 1-lahu liman hamidah' , say, ' Rabbana wa laka 
1-hamd' , prostrate if he prostrates and pray sitting 
altogether if he prays sitting. " 
1 . 702 : 

Narrated Salim bin ^Abdullah: My father said, "Allah's Apostle 
used to raise both his hands up to the level of his shoulders 
when opening the prayer; and on saying the Takbir for bowing. 



And on raising his head from bowing he used to do the same and 
then say "Sami^a 1-lahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa laka 
1-hamd. " And he did not do that (i.e. raising his hands) in 
prostrations . 
1.703: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin "Umar: I saw that whenever Allah's 
Apostle stood for the prayer, he used to raise both his hands 
up to the shoulders , and used to do the same on saying the 
Takbir for bowing and on raising his head from it and used to 
say, "Sami^a 1-lahu liman hamidah" . But he did not do that 

(i.e. raising his hands) in prostrations. 

1 . 704 : 

Narrated Abu Qilaba: I saw Malik bin Huwairith saying Takbir 

and raising both his hands (on starting the prayers and 

raising his hands on bowing and also on raising his head after 

bowing. Malik bin Huwairith said, "Allah ' s Apostle did the 

same. " 

1.705: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: I saw Allah's Apostle opening 

the prayer with the Takbir and raising his hands to the level 

of his shoulders at the time of saying the Takbir, and on 

saying the Takbir for bowing he did the same; and when he 

said, "Sami^a 1-lahu liman hamidah ", he did the same and then 

said, "Rabbana wa laka 1-hamd. " But he did not do the same on 

prostrating and on lifting the head from it . " 

1.706: 

Narrated Nafi v ; 

Whenever Ibn "Umar started the prayer with Takbir, he used to 

raise his hands: whenever he bowed, he used to raise his hands 

(before bowing) and also used to raise his hands on saying, 

"Sami^a 1-lahu liman hamidah", and he used to do the same on 

rising from the second rak" a (for the 3rd rak" a) . Ibn "Umar 

said: "The Prophet used to do the same. " 

1. 707: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d: The people were ordered to place the 

right hand on the left forearm in the prayer. Abu Hazim said, 

"I knew that the order was from the Prophet . " 
1 . 708 : 



Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "You see me facing 

the Qlbla; but, by Allah, nothing Is hidden from me regarding 

your bowing and submlsslveness and I see you from behind my 

back. " 

1. 709: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Perform the bowing 

and the prostrations properly . By Allah, I see you from behind 

me (or from behind my back) when you bow or prostrate . " 

1. 710: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet, Abu Bakr and "Umar used 

to start the prayer with "Al hamdu 11 1-lahl Rabbi 1-" alamln 

(All praise Is but to Allah, Lord of the Worlds) . 

1 . 711 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle used to keep silent 

between the Takblr and the recitation of Qur'an and that 

Interval of silence used to be a short one. I said to the 

Prophet "May my parents be sacrificed for you! What do you say 

In the pause between Takblr and recitation?" The Prophet said, 

"I say, 'Allahumma, baa" Id balnl wa balna khatayaya kama 
baa" adta balna 1-mashrlql wa 1-maghrlb. Allahumma, naqqlnl mln 
khatayaya kama yunaqqa th-thawbu 1-abyadu mlna d-danas . 
Allahumma, Ighsll khatayaya bl 1-maa ' 1 wa th-thaljl wa 1-barad 

(O Allah! Set me apart from my sins (faults) as the East and 
West are set apart from each other and clean me from sins as a 
white garment Is cleaned of dirt (after thorough washing) . O 
Allah! Wash off my sins with water, snow and hall.) " 
1 . 712 : 

Narrated Asma ' bint Abl Bakr: The Prophet once offered the 
eclipse prayer. He stood for a long time and then did a 
prolonged bowing. He stood up straight again and kept on 
standing for a long time, then bowed a long bowing and then 
stood up straight and then prostrated a prolonged prostration 
and then lifted his head and prostrated a prolonged 
prostration. And then he stood up for a long time and then did 
a prolonged bowing and then stood up straight again and kept 
on standing for a long time. Then he bowed a long bowing and 
then stood up straight and then prostrated a prolonged 
prostration and then lifted his head and went for a prolonged 



prostration. On completion o the prayer, he said, "Paradise 
became s near to me that if I had dared, I would have plucked 
one of its bunches for you and Hell became so near to me that 
said, 'O my Lord will I be among those people?' Then suddenly 
I saw a woman and a cat was lacerating her with it claws. On 
inquiring, it was said that the woman had imprisoned the cat 
till it died of starvation and she neither fed it no freed it 
so that it could feed itself. " 
1. 713: 

Narrated Abu Ma* mar: We asked Khabbab whether Allah's Apostle 
used to recite (the Qur'an) in the Zuhr and the *Asr prayers. 
He replied in the affirmative . We said, "How did you come to 
know about it?" He said, "By the movement of his beard. " 
1. 714: 

Narrated Al-Bara: 

(And Al-Bara was not a liar) Whenever we offered prayer with 
the Prophet and he raised his head from the bowing, we used to 
remain standing till we saw him prostrating . 
1. 715: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin " Abbas: Once solar eclipse occurred 
during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle. He offered the eclipse 
prayer. His companions asked, "O Allah's Apostle! We saw you 
trying to take something while standing at your place and then 
we saw you retreating. " The Prophet said, "I was shown 
Paradise and wanted to have a bunch of fruit from it . Had I 
taken it, you would have eaten from it as long as the world 
remains. " 
1. 716: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet led us in prayer and then 
went up to the pulpit and beckoned with both hands towards the 
Qibla of the mosque and then said, "When I started leading you 
in prayer, I saw the display of Paradise and Hell on the wall 
of the mosque (facing the Qibla) . I never saw good and bad as 
I have seen today. " He repeated the last statement thrice. 
1. 717: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "What is wrong with 
those people who look towards the sky during the prayer?" His 
talk grew stern while delivering this speech and he said, 



"They should stop (looking towards the sky during the prayer) ; 

otherwise their eyesight would be taken away. " 

1. 718: 

Narrated ^Alsha : 

I asked Allah's Apostle about looking hither and thither In 

prayer. He replied, "It Is a way of stealing by which Satan 

takes away (a portion) from the prayer of a person. " 

1. 719: 

Narrated ^Alsha : 

Once the Prophet prayed on a Khamlsa with marks on It and 

said, "The marks on It diverted my attention, take this 

Khamlsa to Abu Jahm and bring an Inbljanlya (from him.) " 

1 . 720 : 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet saw expectoration In the 

direction of the Qlbla of the mosque while he was leading the 

prayer, and scratched It off. After finishing the prayer, he 

said, "Whenever any of you Is In prayer he should know that 

Allah Is In front of him. So none should spit In front of him 

In the prayer. " 

1.721: 

Narrated Anas: 

While the Muslims were offering the Fajr prayer, Allah's 

Apostle suddenly appeared before them by living the curtain of 

the dwelling place of ^Alsha, looked towards the Muslims who 

were standing In rows. He smiled with pleasure. Abu Bakr 

started retreating to join the row on the assumption that the 

Prophet wanted to come out for the prayer. The Muslims 

Intended to leave the prayer (and were on the verge of being 

put to trial) , but the Prophet beckoned them to complete their 

prayer and then he let the curtain fall . He died In the last 

hours of that day. 

1 . 722 : 

Narrated Jablr bin Samura: The People of Kufa complained 

against Sa^d to ^Urnar and the latter dismissed him and 

appointed % Ammar as their chief . They lodged many complaints 

against Sa^d and even they alleged that he did not pray 

properly. "Umar sent for him and said, "O Aba ' Is-haq! These 

people claim that you do not pray properly. " Abu 'Is-haq said, 



"By Allah, I used to pray with them a prayer similar to that 
of Allah's Apostle and I never reduced anything of it. I used 
to prolong the first two rak" at of " Isha prayer and shorten 
the last two rak* at . " ^Urnar said, "O Aba ' Is-haq, this was 
what I thought about you. " And then he sent one or more 
persons with him to Kufa so as to ask the people about him. So 
they went there and did not leave any mosque without asking 
about him. All the people praised him till they came to the 
mosque of the tribe of Bani x Abs; one of the men called Usama 
bin Qatada with a surname of Aba Sa^da stood up and said, "As 
you have put us under an oath; I am bound to tell you that 
Sa^d never went himself with the army and never distributed 

(the war booty) equally and never did justice in legal 
verdicts . " (On hearing it) Sa*d said, "I pray to Allah for 
three things: O Allah! If this slave of yours is a liar and 
got up for showing off, give him a long life, increase his 
poverty and put him to trials. " (And so it happened) . Later on 
when that person was asked how he was, he used to reply that 
he was an old man in trial as the result of Sard's curse. 

^Abdul Malik, the sub narrator, said that he had seen him 
afterwards and his eyebrows were overhanging his eyes owing to 
old age and he used to tease and assault the small girls in 
the way. 
1.723: 

Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit : Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever 
does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is 
invalid. " 
1 . 724 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle entered the mosque and a 
person followed him. The man prayed and went to the Prophet 
and greeted him. The Prophet returned the greeting and said to 
him, "Go back and pray, for you have not prayed. " The man went 
back prayed in the same way as before, returned and greeted 
the Prophet who said, "Go back and pray, for you have not 
prayed. " This happened thrice. The man said, "By Him Who sent 
you with the Truth, I cannot offer the prayer in a better way 
than this. Please, teach me how to pray. " The Prophet said, 

"When you stand for Prayer say Takbir and then recite from the 



Holy Qur'an (of what you know by heart) and then bow till you 
feel at ease. Then raise your head and stand up straight, then 
prostrate till you feel at ease during your prostration, then 
sit with calmness till you feel at ease (do not hurry) and do 
the same in all your prayers. 
1 . 725 : 

Narrated Jabir bin Samura: Sa" d said, "I used to pray with 
them a prayer similar to that of Allah's Apostle (the prayer 
of Zuhr and "Asr) reducing nothing from them. I used to 
prolong the first two rak" at and shorten the last two rak" at . " 
"Umar said to Sa" d "This was what we thought about you." 
1. 726: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said, "The 
Prophet in Zuhr prayers used to recite Al-Fatiha along with 
two other Suras in the first two rak" at: a long one in the 
first rak" a and a shorter (Sura) in the second, and at times 
the verses were audible. In the "Asr prayer the Prophet used 
to recite Al-Fatiha and two more Suras in the first two rak" at 
and used to prolong the first rak" a. And he used to prolong 
the first rak" a of the Fajr prayer and shorten the second. 
1. 727: 

Narrated Abu Ma" mar: I asked Khabbab whether the Prophet used 
to recite the Qur'an in the Zuhr and the "Asr prayers. He 
replied in the affirmative. We said, "How did you come to know 
that?" He said, "From the movement of his beard. " 
1 . 728 : 

Narrated Abu Ma" mar: I asked Khabbab bin Al-Art whether the 
Prophet used to recite the Qur'an in the Zuhr and the "Asr 
prayers. He replied in the affirmative. I said, "How did you 
come to know that?" He replied, "From the movement of his 
beard. " 
1. 729: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said, "The 
Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha along with another Sura in 
the first two rak" at of the Zuhr and the "Asr prayers and at 
times a t verse or so was audible to us. " 
1.730: 
Narrated Ibn "Abbas: (My mother) Umu-1-Fadl heard me reciting 



"Wal Mursalati "Urfan" (77) and said, "O my son! By Allah, 
your recitation made me remember that it was the last Sura I 
heard from Allah's Apostle. He recited it in the Maghrib 
prayer . " 
1 . 731 : 

Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam: Zaid bin Thabit said to me, "Why 
do you recite very short Suras in the Maghrib prayer while I 
heard the Prophet reciting the longer of the two long Suras?" 
1 . 732 : 

Narrated Jubair bin Mut^im: My father said, "I heard Allah's 
Apostle reciting "at-Tur" (52) in the Maghrib prayer. " 
1.733: 

Narrated Abu Rafi" : I offered the *Isha' prayer behind Abu 
Huraira and he recited, "Idha s-samaa'u n-shaqqat" (84) and 
prostrated. On my inquiring, he said, "I prostrated behind 
Abul-Qasim (the Prophet) (when he recited that Sura) and I 
will go on doing it till I meet him. " 
1.734: 

Narrated Al-Bara: 

The Prophet was on a journey and recited in one of the first 
two rak" at of the ^Isha' prayer "Wa t-teeni wa z-zaitun." (95) 
1 . 735 : 

Narrated Abu Rafi" : Once I prayed the x Jsha' prayer with Abu 
Huraira and he recited, "Idha s-samaa'u n-shaqqat" (84) and 
prostrated. I said, "What is that?" He said, "I prostrated 
behind Abul-Qasim, (the Prophet) (when he recited that Sura) 
and I will go on doing it till I meet him. " 
1.736: 

Narrated Al-Bara: 

I heard the Prophet reciting wa t-teeni wa z-zaitun " (95) in 
the x Jsha' prayer, and I never heard a sweeter voice or a 
better way of recitation than that of the Prophet. 
1. 737: 

Narrated Jabir bin Samura: ^Urnar said to Sa^d, "The people 
complained against you in everything, even in prayer." Sa*d 
replied, "Really I used to prolong the first two rak^at and 
shorten the last two and I will never shorten the prayer in 
which I follow Allah's Apostle." ^Umar said, "You are telling 



the truth and that is what I think a tout you. " 
1.738: 

Narrated Saiyar bin Salama: My father and I went to Abu 
Barza-al-Aslami to ask him about the stated times for the 
prayers. He replied, "The Prophet used to offer the Zuhr 
prayer when the sun just declined from its highest position at 
noon; the "Asr at a time when if a man went to the farthest 
place in Medina (after praying) he would find the sun still 
hot (bright) . (The sub narrator said: I have forgotten what 
Abu Barza said about the Maghrib prayer) . The Prophet never 
found any harm in delaying the % Isha' prayer to the first 
third of the night and he never liked to sleep before it and 
to talk after it. He used to offer the morning prayer at a 
time when after finishing it one could recognize the person 
sitting beside him and used to recite between 60 to 100 verses 
in one or both the rak " at . " 
1.739: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Qur'an is recited in every prayer 
and in those prayers in which Allah's Apostle recited aloud 
for us, we recite aloud in the same prayers for you; and the 
prayers in which the Prophet recited quietly, we recite 
quietly. If you recite "Al-Fatiha" only it is sufficient but 
if you recite something else in addition, it is better. 
1. 740: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet set out with the intention of 
going to Suq *Ukaz (market of *Ukaz) along with some of his 
companions. At the same time, a barrier was put between the 
devils and the news of heaven. Fire commenced to be thrown at 
them. The Devils went to their people, who asked them, "What 
is wrong with you?" They said, "A barrier has been placed 
between us and the news of heaven. And fire has been thrown at 
us. " They said, "The thing which has put a barrier between you 
and the news of heaven must be something which has happened 
recently. Go eastward and westward and see what has put a 
barrier between you and the news of heaven. " Those who went 
towards Tuhama came across the Prophet at a place called 
Nakhla and it was on the way to Suq % Ukaz and the Prophet was 
offering the Fajr prayer with his companions. When they heard 



the Qur'an they listened to it and said, "By Allah, this is 
the thing which has put a barrier between us and the news of 
heaven. " They went to their people and said, "O our people; 
verily we have heard a wonderful recital (Qur'an) which shows 
the true path; we believed in it and would not ascribe 
partners to our Lord. " Allah revealed the following verses to 
his Prophet (Sura 'Jinn') (72): "Say: It has been revealed to 
me. " And what was revealed to him was the conversation of the 
Jinns . 
1 . 741 : 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: The Prophet recited aloud in the prayers 
in which he was ordered to do so and quietly in the prayers in 
which he was ordered to do so. "And your Lord is not 
forgetful . " "Verily there was a good example for you in the 
ways of the Prophet . " 
1 . 742 : 

Narrated Abu Wa'il: A man came to Ibn Mas"ud and said, "I 
recited the Mufassal (Suras) at night in one rak"a. " Ibn 
Mas*ud said, "This recitation is (too quick) like the 
recitation of poetry. I know the identical Suras which the 
Prophet used to recite in pairs. " Ibn Mas"ud then mentioned 20 
Mufassal Suras including two Suras from the family of (i.e. 
those verses which begin with) Ha, Meem [??] (which the 
Prophet used to recite) in each rak^a. 
1 . 743 : 

Narrated x Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said, "The 
Prophet uses to recite Al-Fatiha followed by another Sura in 
the first two rak^at of the prayer and used to recite only 
Al-Fatiha in the last two rak" at of the Zuhr prayer. Sometimes 
a verse or so was audible and he used to prolong the first 
rak^a more than the second and used to do the same in the "Asr 
and Fajr prayers. " 
1 . 744 : 

Narrated Abu Ma" mar: We said to Khabbab "Did Allah's Apostle 
used to recite in Zuhr and "Asr prayers?" He replied in the 
affirmative. We said, "How did you come to know about it?" He 
said, "By the movement of his beard. " 
1 . 745 : 



Narrated x Abdullah bin Abl Qatada: My father said, "The 
Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha along with another Sura in 
the first two rak^at of the Zuhr and ^Asr prayers. A verse or 
so was audible at times and he used to prolong the first 
rak x a . " 
1. 746: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Abi Qatada: My father said, "The 
Prophet used to prolong the first rak^a of the Zuhr prayer and 
shorten the second one and used to do the same in the Fajr 
prayer. " 
1. 747: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Say Amin" when the 
Imam says it and if the Amin of any one of you coincides with 
that of the angels then all his past sins will be forgiven. " 
Ibn Shihab said, "Allah's Apostle used to Say "Amin." 
1 . 748 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If any one of you 
says, "Amin" and the angels in the heavens say "Amin" and the 
former coincides with the latter, all his past sins will be 
forgiven. " 
1.749: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Say Amen when the 
Imam says ' Ghairi 1-maghdubi x alaihim wala d-daalleen' (not 
the path of those who earn Your Anger (such as Jews) nor of 
those who go astray (such as Christians) ) ; all the past sins 
of the person whose saying (of Amin) coincides with that of 
the angels, will be forgiven" . 
1.750: 

Narrated Abu Bakra : I reached the Prophet in the mosque while 
he was bowing in prayer and I too bowed before joining the row 
mentioned it to the Prophet and he said to me, "May Allah 
increase your love for the good. But do not repeat it again 
(bowing in that way) . 
1 . 751 : 

Narrated " Imran bin Husain: I offered the prayer with "All in 
Basra and he made us remember the prayer which we used to pray 
with Allah's Apostle. ^Ali said Takbir on each rising and 
bowing. 



1 . 752 : 

Narrated Abu Salama : When Abu Huraira led us in prayer he used 

to say Takbir on each bowing and rising. On the completion of 

the prayer he used to say, "My prayer is more similar to the 

prayer of Allah's Apostle than that of anyone of you. " 

1.753: 

Narrated Mutarrif bin N Abdullah: " Imran bin Husain and I 

offered the prayer behind ^Ali bin Abi Talib. When *Ali 

prostrated, he said the Takbir, when he raised his head, he 

said the Takbir and when he got up for the third rak^a he said 

the Takbir. On completion of the prayer * Imran took my hand 

and said, "This (i.e. *Ali) made me remember the prayer of 

Muhammad" Or he said, "He led us in a prayer like that of 

Muhammad. " 

1.754: 

Na rra ted x Ikrima : 

I saw a person praying at Muqam-Ibrahim (the place of Abraham 

by the Ka *ba) and he was saying Takbir on every bowing, 

rising, standing and sitting. I asked Ibn s Abbas (about this 

prayer). He admonished me saying: "Isn't that the prayer of 

the Prophet?" 

1.755: 

Narrated " Ikrima: 

I prayed behind a Sheikh at Mecca and he said twenty two 

Takbirs (during the prayer). I told Ibn " Abbas that he (i.e. 

that Sheikh) was foolish. Ibn x Abbas admonished me and said, 

"This is the tradition of Abul-Qasim. " And narrated Abu 

Huraira: Whenever Allah's Apostle stood for the prayer, he 

said Takbir on starting the prayer and then on bowing. On 

rising from bowing he said, "Sami"a 1-lahu liman hamidah, " and 

then while standing straight he used to say, "Rabbana laka-1 

hamd" (Al-Laith said, "(The Prophet said), 'Wa laka 1-hamd'." 

He used to say Takbir on prostrating and on raising his head 

from prostration; again he would Say Takbir on prostrating and 

raising his head. He would then do the same in the whole of 

the prayer till it was completed. On rising from the second 

rak" a (after sitting for at-Tahiyyat) , he used to say Takbir. 

1. 756: 



Narrated Muscat bin Sa^d: I offered prayer beside my father 

and approximated both my hands and placed them in between the 

knees. My father told me not to do so and said, "We used to do 

the same but we were forbidden (by the Prophet) to do it and 

were ordered to place the hands on the knees. " 

1.757: 

Narrated Zaid bin Wahb: Hudhaifa saw a person who was not 

performing the bowing and prostration perfectly . He said to 

him, "You have not prayed and if you should die you would die 

on a religion other than that of Muhammad. " 

1 . 758 : 

Narrated Al-Bara: 

The bowing, the prostration the sitting in between the two 

prostrations and the standing after the bowing of the Prophet 

but not qiyam (standing in the prayer) and gu'ud (sitting in 

the prayer) used to be approximately equal (in duration) . 

1.759: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Once the Prophet entered the mosque, a 

man came in, offered the prayer and greeted the Prophet. The 

Prophet returned his greeting and said to him, "Go back and 

pray again for you have not prayed. " The man offered the 

prayer again, came back and greeted the Prophet . He said to 

him thrice, "Go back and pray again for you have not prayed. " 

The man said, "By Him Who has sent you with the truth! I do 

not know a better way of praying. Kindly teach Me how to 

pray. " He said, "When you stand for the prayer, say Takbir and 

then recite from the Qur'an what you know and then bow with 

calmness till you feel at ease, then rise from bowing till you 

stand straight . Afterwards prostrate calmly till you feel at 

ease and then raise (your head) and sit with Calmness till you 

feel at ease and then prostrate with calmness till you feel at 

ease in prostration and do the same in the whole of your 

prayer. " 

1.760: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet used to say in his bowing and prostrations , 

"Subhanaka 1-lahumma Rabbana wa bihamdika; Allahumma ghfir 

li . ' (Exalted [from unbecoming attributes] Are you O Allah our 



Lord, and by Your praise [do I exalt you]. O Allah! Forgive 

me) . 

1 . 761 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: When the Prophet said, "Sami^a 1-lahu 

liman hamidah, " (Allah heard those who sent praises to Him) , 

he would say, "Rabbana wa laka 1-hamd. " On bowing and raising 

his head from it the Prophet used to say Takbir. He also used 

to say Takbir on rising after the two prostrations . (See 

Hadith No. 656) . 

1 . 762 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "When the Imam 

says, "Sami^a 1-lahu liman hamidah, " you should say, 

"Allahumma Rabbana laka 1-hamd. " And if the saying of any one 

of you coincides with that of the angels, all his past sins 

will be forgiven. " 

1.763: 

Narrated Anas: 

The qunut [supplication before going down for prostration] 

used to be recited in the Maghrib and the Fajr prayers. 

1 . 764 : 

Narrated Rifa^a bin Rafi^ Az-Zuraqi : One day we were praying 

behind the Prophet . When he raised his head from bowing, he 

said, "Sami^a 1-lahu liman hamidah. " A man behind him said, 

"Rabbana wa laka 1-hamdu, hamdan kathiran taiyiban mubarakan 

fihi" (O our Lord! All the praises are for You, many good and 

blessed praises) . When the Prophet completed the prayer, he 

asked, "Who has said these words?" The man replied, "I. " The 

Prophet said, "I saw over thirty angels competing to write it 

first . " Prophet rose (from bowing) and stood straight till all 

the vertebrae of his spinal column came to a natural position. 

1.765: 

Narrated Thabit : 

Anas used to demonstrate to us the prayer of the Prophet and 

while demonstrating, he used to raise his head from bowing and 

stand so long that we would say that he had forgotten (the 

prostration) . 

1.766: 

Narrated Al-Bara ' : The bowing, the prostrations , the period of 



standing after bowing and the interval between the two 
prostrations of the Prophet used to be equal in duration . 
1. 767: 

Narrated Aiyub: 

Abu Qilaba said, "Malik bin Huwairith used to demonstrate to 
us the prayer of the Prophet at times other than that of the 
compulsory prayers. So (once) he stood up for prayer and 
performed a perfect Qiyam (standing and reciting from the Holy 
Qur'an) and then bowed and performed bowing perfectly; then he 
raised his head and stood straight for a while. " Abu Qilaba 
added, "Malik bin Huwairith in that demonstration prayed like 
this Sheikh of ours, Abu Yazid. " Abu, Yazid used to sit (for a 
while) on raising his head from the second prostration before 
getting up. 
1.768: 

Narrated Abu Bakr bin ^Abdur Rahman Ibn Harith bin Hisham and 
Abu Salama bin ^Abdur Rahman: Abu Huraira used to say Takbir 
in all the prayers, compulsory and optional — in the month of 
Ramadan or other months. He used to say Takbir on standing for 
prayer and on bowing; then he would say, "Sami^a 1-lahu liman 
hamidah, " and before prostrating he would say "Rabbana wa laka 
1-hamd. " Then he would say Takbir on prostrating and on 
raising his head from the prostration, then another Takbir on 
prostrating (for the second time) , and on raising his head 
from the prostration. He also would say the Takbir on standing 
from the second rak"a. He used to do the same in every rak" a 
till he completed the prayer. On completion of the prayer, he 
would say, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul is! No doubt my 
prayer is closer to that of Allah's Apostle than yours, and 
this was His prayer till he left this world. " And Abu Huraira 
said, "When Allah's Apostle raised his head from (bowing) he 
used to say "Sami^a 1-lahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa laka 
1-hamd. " He Would invoke Allah for some people by naming them: 
"O Allah! Save Al-Walid bin Al-Walid and Salama bin Hisham and 
^Aiyash bin Abi Rabija and the weak and the helpless people 
among the faithful believers O Allah! Be hard on the tribe of 
Mudar and let them suffer from famine years like that of the 
time of Joseph. " In those days the Eastern section of the 



tribe of Mudar was against the Prophet . 
1.769: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle fell from a horse and 
the right side of his body was injured. We went to inquire 
about his health meanwhile it was time for the prayer and he 
led the prayer sitting and we also prayed while sitting. On 
completion of the prayer he said, "The Imam is to be followed; 
say Takbir when he says it; bow when he bows; rise when he 
rises and when he says "Sami^a 1-lahu liman hamidah, " say, 

"Rabbana wa laka 1-hamd" , and prostrate if he prostrates . " 
Sufyan narrated the same from Ma"mar. Ibn Jural j said that his 

(the Prophet' s) right leg had been injured. 

1. 770: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! 

Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He replied, 

"Do you have any doubt in seeing the full moon on a clear (not 
cloudy) night?" They replied, "No, O Allah's Apostle!" He 
said, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the sun when there are 
no clouds?" They replied in the negative. He said, "You will 
see Allah (your Lord) in the same way. On the Day of 
Resurrection, people will be gathered and He will order the 
people to follow what they used to worship. So some of them 
will follow the sun, some will follow the moon, and some will 
follow other deities; and only this nation (Muslims) will be 
left with its hypocrites. Allah will come to them and say, 'I 
am Your Lord. ' They will say, 'We shall stay in this place 
till our Lord comes to us and when our Lord will come, we will 
recognize Him. Then Allah will come to them again and say, 'I 
am your Lord. ' They will say, 'You are our Lord. ' Allah will 
call them, and As-Sirat (a bridge) will be laid across Hell 
and I (Muhammad) shall be the first amongst the Apostles to 
cross it with my followers. Nobody except the Apostles will 
then be able to speak and they will be saying then, 'O Allah! 
Save us. O Allah Save us. ' There will be hooks like the thorns 
of Sa'dan [??] in Hell. Have you seen the thorns of Sa'dan 

[??]?" The people said, "Yes." He said, "These hooks will be 
like the thorns of Sa'dan [??] but nobody except Allah knows 
their greatness in size and these will entangle the people 



according to their deeds; some of them will fall and stay in 
Hell forever; others will receive punishment (torn into small 
pieces) and will get out of Hell, till when Allah intends 
mercy on whomever He likes amongst the people of Hell, He will 
order the angels to take out of Hell those who worshipped none 
but Him alone. The angels will take them out by recognizing 
them from the traces of prostrations , for Allah has forbidden 
the (Hell) fire to eat away those traces. So they will come 
out of the Fire, it will eat away from the whole of the human 
body except the marks of the prostrations . At that time they 
will come out of the Fire as mere skeletons . The Water of Life 
will be poured on them and as a result they will grow like the 
seeds growing on the bank of flowing water. Then when Allah 
had finished from the Judgments amongst his creations, one man 
will be left between Hell and Paradise and he will be the last 
man from the people of Hell to enter paradise. He will be 
facing Hell, and will say, 'O Allah! Turn my face from the 
fire as its wind has dried me and its steam has burnt me. ' 
Allah will ask him, "Will you ask for anything more in case 
this favor is granted to you?' He will say, "No by Your 
(Honor) Power! " And he will give to his Lord (Allah) what he 
will of the pledges and the covenants . Allah will then turn 
his face from the Fire. When he will face Paradise and will 
see its charm, he will remain quiet as long as Allah will. He 
then will say, 'O my Lord! Let me go to the gate of Paradise. ' 
Allah will ask him, 'Didn't you give pledges and make 
covenants (to the effect) that you would not ask for anything 
more than what you requested at first?' He will say, 'O my 
Lord! Do not make me the most wretched, amongst Your 
creatures. ' Allah will say, 'If this request is granted, will 
you then ask for anything else?' He will say, 'No! By Your 
Power! I shall not ask for anything else. ' Then he will give 
to his Lord what He will of the pledges and the covenants. 
Allah will then let him go to the gate of Paradise. On 
reaching then and seeing its life, charm, and pleasure, he 
will remain quiet as long as Allah wills and then will say, 'O 
my Lord ! Let me enter Paradise. ' Allah will say, May Allah be 
merciful unto you, O son of Adam! How treacherous you are! 



Haven't you made covenants and given pledges that you will not 
ask for anything more that what you have been given?' He will 
say, 'O my Lord! Do not make me the most wretched amongst Your 
creatures. ' So Allah will laugh and allow him to enter 
Paradise and will ask him to request as much as he likes. He 
will do so till all his desires have been fulfilled . Then 
Allah will say, 'Request more of such and such things. ' Allah 
will remind him and when all his desires and wishes; have been 
fulfilled, Allah will say "All this is granted to you and a 
similar amount besides. " Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri, said to Abu 
Huraira, 'Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'That is for you 
and ten times more like it . ' "Abu Huraira said, "I do not 
remember from Allah's Apostle except (his saying), 'All this 
is granted to you and a similar amount besides. " Abu Sa^id 
said, "I heard him saying, 'That is for you and ten times more 
the like of it . " 
1.771: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin Malik bin Buhaina: Whenever the Prophet 
used to offer prayer he used to keep arms away (from the body) 
so that the whiteness of his armpits was visible. 
1. 772: 

Narrated Abu Wail : Hudhaifa said, "I saw a person not 
performing his bowing and prostrations perfectly. When he 
completed the prayer, I told him that he had not prayed. " I 
think that Hudhaifa added (i.e. said to the man), "Had you 
died, you would have died on a tradition other than that of 
the Prophet Muhammad. " 
1. 773: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet was ordered (by Allah) to 
prostrate on seven parts and not to tuck up the clothes or 
hair (while praying) . Those parts are: the forehead (along 
with the tip of nose) , both hands, both knees, and (toes of) 
both feet . 
1. 774: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet said, "We have been ordered 
to prostrates on seven bones and not to tuck up the clothes or 
hair. " 
1. 775: 



Narrated Al-Bara' bin ^Azib: (He was not a liar) We used to 
pray behind the Prophet and when he said, "Sami^a 1-lahu liman 
hamidah", none of us would bend his back (to go for 
prostration) till the Prophet had placed his, forehead on the 
ground . 
1. 776: 

Narrated Ibn N Abbas: The Prophet said, "I have been ordered to 
prostrate on seven bones i.e. on the forehead along with the 
tip of the nose and the Prophet pointed towards his nose, both 
hands, both knees and the toes of both feet and not to gather 
the clothes or the hair. " 
1. 777; 

Narrated Abu Salama: Once I went to Abu- Sa"id Al-Khudri and 
asked him, "Won 't you come with us to the date-palm trees to 
have a talk?" So Abu Sa^id went out and I asked him, "Tell me 
what you heard from the Prophet about the Night of Qadr. " Abu 
Sa^id replied, "Once Allah's Apostle performed I^tikaf 
(seclusion) on the first ten days of the month of Ramadan and 
we did the same with him. Gabriel came to him and said, 'The 
night you are looking for is ahead of you. ' So the Prophet 
performed the I^tikaf in the middle (second) ten days of the 
month of Ramadan and we too performed I"tikaf with him. 
Gabriel came to him and said, 'The night which you are looking 
for is ahead of you. ' In the morning of the 20th of Ramadan 
the Prophet delivered a sermon saying, 'Whoever has performed 
I^tikaf with me should continue it. I have been shown the 
Night of "Qadr", but have forgotten its date, but it is in the 
odd nights of the last ten nights. I saw in my dream that I 
was prostrating in mud and water. ' In those days the roof of 
the mosque was made of branches of date-palm trees. At that 
time the sky was clear and no cloud was visible, but suddenly 
a cloud came and it rained. The Prophet led us in the prayer 
and I saw the traces of mud on the forehead and on the nose of 
Allah's Apostle. So it was the confirmation of that dream." 
1. 778: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d: The people used to pray with the 
Prophet tying their Izars around their necks because of their 
small sizes and the women were directed that they should not 



raise their heads from the prostrations till the men had sat 

straight . 

1. 779: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet was ordered to prostrate on 

seven bony parts and not to tuck up his clothes or hair. 

1.780: 

Narrated Ibn N Abbas: The Prophet said, "I have been ordered to 

prostrate on seven (bones) and not to tuck up the hair or 

garment . " 

1 . 781 : 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet used to say frequently in his bowing and 

prostrations "Subhanaka 1-lahumma Rabbana wa bihamdika, 

Allahumma ghfir li " (Exalted [from unbecoming attributes] Are 

you O Allah our Lord, and by Your praise [do I exalt you] . O 

Allah! Forgive me) . In this way [??] he was acting on what was 

explained to him in the Holy Qur'an. 

1 . 782 : 

Narrated Abu Qilaba: Once Malik bin Huwairith said to his 

friends, "Shall I show you how Allah ' s Apostle used to offer 

his prayers?" And it was not the time for any of the 

compulsory congregational prayers. So he stood up (for the 

prayer) bowed and said the Takbir, then he raised his head and 

remained standing for a while and then prostrated and raised 

his head for a while (sat up for a while) . He prayed like our 

Sheikh *Amr Ibn Salama. (Aiyub said, "The latter used to do a 

thing which I did not see the people doing i.e. he used to sit 

between the third and the fourth rak^a). Malik bin Huwairith 

said, "We came to the Prophet (after embracing Islam) and 

stayed with him. He said to us, 'When you go back to your 

families, pray such and such a prayer at such and such a time, 

pray such and such a prayer at such and such a time, and when 

there is the time for the prayer then only of you should 

pronounce the Adhan for the prayer and the oldest of you 

should lead the prayer. " 

1.783: 

Narrated Al-Bara ' : The time taken by the Prophet in 

prostrations , bowing, and the sitting interval between the two 



prostrations was about the same. 

1 . 784 : 

Narrated Thabit : 

Anas said, "I will leave no stone unturned in making you offer 

the prayer as I have seen the Prophet making us offer it . " 

Anas used to do a thing which I have not seen you doing. He 

used to stand after the bowing for such a long time that one 

would think that he had forgotten (the prostrations ) and he 

used to sit in-between the prostrations so long that one would 

think that he had forgotten the second prostration. 

1 . 785 : 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Be straight in the 

prostrations and none of you should put his forearms on the 

ground (in the prostration) like a dog. " 

1.786: 

Narrated Malik bin Huwairith Al-Laithi : I saw the Prophet 

praying and in the odd rak"at, he used to sit for a moment 

before getting up. 

1. 787: 

Narrated Aiyub: 

Abu Qilaba said, "Malik bin Huwairith came to us and led us in 

the prayer in this mosque of ours and said, 'I lead you in 

prayer but I do not want to offer the prayer but just to show 

you how Allah's Apostle performed his prayers. " I asked Abu 

Qilaba, "How was the prayer of Malik bin Huwairith?" He 

replied, "Like the prayer of this Sheikh of ours — i.e. *Amr 

bin Salima. " That Sheikh used to pronounce the Takbir 

perfectly and when he raised his head from the second 

prostration he would sit for a while and then support himself 

on the ground and get up. 

1.788: 

Narrated Sa"id bin Al-Harith: Abu Sa"id led us in the prayer 

and said the Takbir aloud on arising from the prostration, and 

on prostrating, on rising again, and on getting up from the 

second rak"a. Abu Sa^id said, "I saw the Prophet doing the 

same. " 

1. 789: 

Narrated Mutarrif : " Imran and I prayed behind ^Ali bin Abi 



Talib and he said Takbir on prostrating, on rising and on 
getting up after the two rak" at (i.e. after the second rak" a) . 
When the prayer was finished, " Imran took me by the hand and 
said, "He ("Ali) has prayed the prayer of Muhammad" (or said, 
"He made us remember the prayer of Muhammad) . 
1.790: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin "Abdullah: I saw "Abdullah bin "Umar 
crossing his legs while sitting in the prayer and I, a mere 
youngster in those days, did the same. Ibn "Umar forbade me to 
do so, and said, "The proper way is to keep the right foot 
propped up and bend the left in the prayer. " I said 
quest ioningly, "But you are doing so (crossing the legs) . " He 
said, "My feet cannot bear my weight . " 
1 . 791 : 

Narrated Muhammad bin "Amr bin "Ata ' : I was sitting with some 
of the companions of Allah's Apostle and we were discussing 
about the way of praying of the Prophet. Abu Humaid As-Sa" idi 
said, "I remember the prayer of Allah's Apostle better than 
any one of you. I saw him raising both his hands up to the 
level of the shoulders on saying the Takbir; and on bowing he 
placed his hands on both knees and bent his back straight, 
then he stood up straight from bowing till all the vertebrate 
took their normal positions . In prostrations, he placed both 
his hands on the ground with the forearms away from the ground 
and away from his body, and his toes were facing the Qibla. On 
sitting In the second rak" a he sat on his left foot and 
propped up the right one; and in the last rak" a he pushed his 
left foot forward and kept the other foot propped up and sat 
over the buttocks. " 
1 . 792 : 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Buhaina: (he was from the tribe of Uzd 
Shanu'a [??] and was the ally of the tribe of "Abdul-Manaf and 
was one of the companions of the Prophet) : Once the Prophet 
led us in the Zuhr prayer and stood up after the second rak" a 
and did not sit down. The people stood up with him. When the 
prayer was about to end and the people were waiting for him to 
say the Taslim, he said Takbir while sitting and prostrated 
twice before saying the Taslim and then he said the Taslim. " 



1.793: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Malik bin Buhaina: Once Allah's Apostle 

led us in the Zv.hr prayer and got up (after the prostrations 

of the second rak" a) although he should have sat (for the 

Tashahhud) . So at the end of the prayer, he prostrated twice 

while sitting (prostrations of Sahu) . 

1 . 794 : 

Narrated Shaqiq bin Salama : "Abdullah said, "Whenever we 

prayed behind the Prophet we used to recite (in sitting) 

'Peace be on Gabriel, Michael, peace be on so and so. Once 
Allah's Apostle looked back at us and said, 'Allah Himself is 
As-Salam (Peace) , and if anyone of you prays then he should 
say, at-Tahiyatu li 1-lahi wa s-salawatu wa t-taiyibat . 
As-salamu " alalika aiyuha n-Nabiyu wa rahmatu 1-lahi wa 
barakatuh. As-salamu " alaina wa * ala x ibadi 1-lahi s-salihin. 

(All the compliments , prayers and good things are due to 
Allah; peace be on you, O Prophet, and Allah ' s mercy and 
blessings [be on you] . Peace be on us an on the pious subjects 
of Allah) . (If you say that, it will reach all the subjects in 
the heaven and the earth) . Ash-hadu al-la ilaha ilia 1-lah, wa 
ash-hadu anna Muhammadan "Abduhu wa Rasuluh. (I testify that 
there is no Deity [worthy of worship] but Allah, and I testify 
that Muhammad is His slave and His Apostle) . 
1.795: 
Narrated "Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to invoke Allah 
in the prayer saying "Allahumma inni a^udhu bika min v adhabi 
1-qabr, wa a^udhu bika min fitnati 1-masihi d-dajjal, wa 
a*udhu bika min fitnati 1-mahya wa fitnati 1-mamat . Allahumma 
inni a^udhu bika mina 1-ma'thami wa 1-maghram. (O Allah, I 
seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave, from 
the afflictions of the imposter-Messiah, and from the 
afflictions of life and death. O Allah, I seek refuge with You 
from sins and from debt) . " Somebody said to him, "Why do you 
so frequently seek refuge with Allah from being in debt?" The 
Prophet replied, "A person in debt tells lies whenever he 
speaks, and breaks promises whenever he makes (them) . " ^Aisha 
also narrated : I heard Allah ' s Apostle in his prayer seeking 



refuge with Allah from the afflictions of Ad-Da jjal . 

1.796: 

Narrated Abu Bakr As-Siddiq: I asked Allah's Apostle to teach 

me an invocation so that I may invoke Allah with it in my 

prayer. He told me to say, "Allahumma inni zalumtu nafsi 

zulman kathiran , Wala yaghfiru dh-dhunuba ilia anta, fa ghfir 

li maghfiratan min " indika, wa r-hamni, innaka anta 1-ghafuru 

r-rahim (O Allah! I have done great injustice to myself and 

none except You forgives sins, so bestow on me a forgiveness 

from You, and Have Mercy on me, You are the Forgiver, the 

Merciful) . 

1. 797: 

Narrated "Abdullah: When we prayed with the Prophet we used to 

say, "Peace be on Allah from His slaves and peace be on so and 

so. " The Prophet said, "Don't say As-Salam be on Allah, for He 

Himself is As-Salam, but say, at-tahiyatu li 1-lahi wa 

s-salawatu wa t-taiyibat . As-salamu " alaika aiyuha n-Nabiyu wa 

rahmatu 1-lahi wa barakatuh. As-salamu " alaina wa x ala N ibadi 

1-lahi s-salihin. (If you say this then it will reach all the 

slaves in heaven or between heaven and earth) . Ash-hadu al 

la-ilaha ilia 1-lah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan "Abduhu wa 

Rasuluh. ' Then select the invocation you like best and recite 

it." (See Hadith No. 794, 795 & 796). 

1 . 798 : 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : I saw Allah's Apostle 

prostrating in mud and water and saw the mark of mud on his 

forehead. 

1.799: 

Narrated Urn Salama: Whenever Allah's Apostle finished his 

prayers with Taslim, the women would get up and he would stay 

on for a while in his place before getting up. Ibn Shihab 

said, "I think (and Allah knows better) , that the purpose of 

his stay was that the women might leave before the men who had 

finished their prayer. " 

1.800: 

Narrated x Itban bin Malik: We prayed with the Prophet and used 

to finish our prayer with the Taslim along with him. 

1 . 801 : 



Narrated Mahmud bin Ar-Rabi* : I remember Allah's Apostle and 
also the mouthful of water which he took from a bucket in our 
house and ejected (on me) . I heard from " Itban bin Malik 
Al-Ansari, who was one from Bani Salim, saying, "I used to 
lead my tribe of Bani Salim in prayer. Once I went to the 
Prophet and said to him, 'I have weak eyesight and at times 
the rainwater flood intervenes between me and the mosque of my 
tribe and I wish that you would come to my house and pray at 
some place so that I could take that place as a place for 
praying (mosque) . He said, "Allah willing, I shall do that . " 
Next day Allah's Apostle along with Abu Bakr, came to my house 
after the sun had risen high and he asked permission to enter. 
I gave him permission, but he didn 't sit till he said to me, 

"Where do you want me to pray in your house?" I pointed to a 
place in the house where I wanted him to pray. So he stood up 
for the prayer and we aligned behind him. He completed the 
prayer with Taslim and we did the same simultaneously . " 
1.802: 
Narrated Abu Ma^bad: (the freed slave of Ibn " Abbas) Ibn 

v Abbas told me, "In the lifetime of the Prophet it was the 

custom to celebrate Allah's praises aloud after the compulsory 

congregational prayers. " Ibn x Abbas further said, "When I 

heard the Dhikr, I would learn that the compulsory 

congregational prayer had ended. " 

1.803: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: I used to recognize the completion of the 

prayer of the Prophet by hearing Takbir. 

1 . 804 : 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Some poor people came to the Prophet and 

said, "The wealthy people will get higher grades and will have 

permanent enjoyment and they pray like us and fast as we do. 

They have more money by which they perform the Hajj, and 

^Urnra; fight and struggle in Allah's Cause and give in 
charity. " The Prophet said, "Shall I not tell you a thing upon 
which if you acted you would catch up with those who have 
surpassed you? Nobody would overtake you and you would be 
better than the people amongst whom you live except those who 
would do the same. Say "Subhana 1-lah", "Al hamdu li 1-lah" 



and "Allahu Akbar" thirty three times each after every 

(compulsory) prayer. " We differed and some of us said that we 
should say, "Subhan-al-lah" thirty three times and "Al hamdu 
li 1-lah" thirty three times and "Allahu Akbar" thirty four 
times. I went to the Prophet who said, "Say, "Subhan-al-lah" 
and "Al hamdu li 1-lah" and "Allahu Akbar" all together [??] , 
thirty three times. " 
1.805: 
Narrated Warrad: 

(the clerk of Al-Mughira bin Shu^ba) Once Al-Mughira dictated 
to me in a letter addressed to Muawiya that the Prophet used 
to say after every compulsory prayer, "La ilaha ilia 1-lahu 
wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahu 1-mulku wa lahu 1-hamdu, wa huwa 

* ala kulli shay 'in qadir. Allahumma la mani^a lima a"taita, wa 
la mu^tiya lima mana^ta, wa la yanfa^u dhal-jaddi minka 
1-jadd. [There is no Deity but Allah, Alone, no Partner to 
Him. His is the Kingdom and all praise, and Omnipotent is he. 
O Allah! Nobody can hold back what you gave, nobody can give 
what You held back, and no struggler's effort can benefit 
against You]." And Al-Hasan said, "Al-jadd' means prosperity 

[??]." 

1.806: 

Narrated Samura bin Jundub: The Prophet used to face us on 

completion of the prayer. 

1.807: 

Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani: The Prophet led us in the 

Fajr prayer at Hudaibiya after a rainy night . On completion of 

the prayer, he faced the people and said, "Do you know what 

your Lord has said (revealed) ? " The people replied, "Allah and 

His Apostle know better. " He said, "Allah has said, 'In this 

morning some of my slaves remained as true believers and some 

became non-believers; whoever said that the rain was due to 

the Blessings and the Mercy of Allah had belief in Me and he 

disbelieves in the stars, and whoever said that it rained 

because of a particular star had no belief in Me but believes 

in that star. ' " 

1.808: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once the Prophet delayed the ^Isha' 



prayer until midnight and then came to us. Having prayed he 

faced us and said, "The people had prayed and slept but you 

were in the prayer as long as you were waiting for it. " 

1.809: 

Narrated Urn Salama: "The Prophet after finishing the prayer 

with Taslim used to stay at his place for a while. " Ibn Shihab 

said, "I think (and Allah knows better) , that he used to wait 

for the departure of the women who had prayed. " Ibn Shihab 

wrote that he had heard it from Hind bint Al-Harith 

Al-Firasiya from Um Salama, the wife of the Prophet (Hind was 

from the companions of Um Salama) who said, "When the Prophet 

finished the prayer with Taslim, the women would depart and 

enter their houses before Allah's Apostle departed. " 

1.810: 

Narrated " Uqba : 

I offered the ^Asr prayer behind the Prophet at Medina. When 

he had finished the prayer with Taslim, he got up hurriedly 

and went out by crossing the rows of the people to one of the 

dwellings of his wives. The people got scared at his speed . 

The Prophet came back and found the people surprised at his 

haste and said to them, "I remembered a piece of gold Lying in 

my house and I did not like it to divert my attention from 

Allah's worship, so I have ordered it to be distributed (in 

charity) . 

1 . 811 : 

Narrated " Abdullah: You should not give away a part of your 

prayer to Satan by thinking that it is necessary to depart 

(after finishing the prayer) from one's right side only; I 
have seen the Prophet often leave from the left side. 
1.812: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: During the holy battle of Khaibar the 
Prophet said, "Whoever ate from this plant (i.e. garlic) 
should not enter our mosque. " 
1.813: 

Narrated "Ata ' : 
I heard Jabir bin ^Abdullah saying, "The Prophet said, 

'Whoever eats (from) this plant (he meant garlic) should keep 
away from our mosque. " I said, "What does he mean by that?" He 



replied, "I think he means only raw garlic. " 
1.814: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: The Prophet said, "Whoever eats 
garlic or onion should keep away from our mosque or should 
remain in his house. " (Jabir bin "Abdullah, in another 
narration said, "Once a big pot containing cooked vegetables 
was brought. On finding unpleasant smell coming from it, the 
Prophet asked, 'What is in it?' He was told all the names of 
the vegetables that were in it . The Prophet ordered that it 
should be brought near to some of his companions who were with 
him. When the Prophet saw it he disliked to eat it and said, 

'Eat. (I don't eat) for I converse with those whom you don't 
converse with (i.e. the angels). 
1.815: 

Narrated "Abdul "Aziz: A man asked Anas, "What did you hear 
from the Prophet about garlic?" He said, "The Prophet said, 

'Whoever has eaten this plant should neither come near us nor 
pray with us. " 
1.816: 

Narrated Sulaiman Ash-Shaibam [Shaibani??] : I heard Ash-Shu" bi 
saying, "A person who was accompanying the Prophet passed by a 
grave that was separated from the other graves told me that 
the Prophet once led the people in the (funeral) prayer and 
the people had aligned behind him. I said, "O Aba "Amr! Who 
told you about it?" He said, "Ibn "Abbas. " 
1.817: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id Al-Khudri : The Prophet said, "Ghusl (taking 
a bath) on Friday is compulsory for every Muslim reaching the 
age of puberty. " 
1.818: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: One night I slept at the house of my aunt 
Maimuna and the Prophet slept (too) . He got up (for prayer) in 
the last hours of the night and performed a light ablution 
from a hanging leather skin. ("Amr, the sub-narrator described 
that the ablution was very light) . Then he stood up for prayer 
and I got up too and performed the ablution in the same way 
and joined him on his left side. He pulled me to the right and 
prayed as much as Allah will . Then he lay down and slept and I 



heard his breath sounds till the Mu'adh-dhin came to him to 
inform him about the (Fajr) prayer. He left with him for the 
prayer and prayed without repeating the ablution. (Sufyan the 
sub-narrator said: We said to *Amr, "Some people say, 'The 
eyes of the Prophet sleep but his heart never sleeps. ' " ^Amr 
said, "'Ubai bin ^Umar said, 'The dreams of the Prophets are 
Divine Inspirations. Then he recited, ' (O my son), I have seen 
in dream that I was slaughtering you (offering you in 
sacrifice) . ") (37.102) 
1.819: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: My grandmother Mulaika invited 
Allah's Apostle for a meal which she had prepared specially 
for him. He ate some of it and said, "Get up. I shall lead you 
in the prayer. " I brought a mat that had become black owing to 
excessive use and I sprinkled water on it. Allah's Apostle 
stood on it and prayed two rak"at; and the orphan was with me 

(in the first row), and the old lady stood behind us. 

1.820: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Once I came riding a she-ass and I, then, 

had just attained the age of puberty. Allah's Apostle was 

leading the people in prayer at Mina facing no wall . I passed 

in front of the row and let loose the she-ass for grazing and 

joined the row and no one objected to my deed. 

1.821: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Once Allah's Apostle delayed the "Isha' prayer till ^Umar 

informed him that the women and children had slept . Then 

Allah's Apostle came out and said: "None from amongst the 

dwellers of earth have prayed this prayer except you. " In 

those days none but the people of Medina prayed. 

1 . 822 : 

Narrated "Abdur Rahman bin % Abis: A person asked Ibn s Abbas, 

"Have you ever presented yourself at the (*Id) prayer with 
Allah's Apostle?" He replied, "Yes. " And had it not been for 
my kinship (position) with the Prophet it would not have been 
possible for me to do so (for he was too young) . The Prophet 
went to the mark near the house of Kathir bin As-Salt and 
delivered a sermon. He then went towards the women. He advised 



and reminded them and asked them to give alms. So the woman 

would bring her hand near her neck and take off her necklace 

and put it in the garment of Bilal . Then the Prophet and Bilal 

came to the house. " 

1.823: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Once Allah's Apostle delayed the "Isha' prayer till ^Umar 

informed him that the women and children had slept . The 

Prophet came out and said, "None except you from amongst the 

dwellers of earth is waiting for this prayer. " In those days, 

there was no prayer except in Medina and they used to pray the 

x Jsha' prayer between the disappearance of the twilight and 

the first third of the night . 

1 . 824 : 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet said, "If your women ask 

permission to go to the mosque at night, allow them. " 

1.825: 

Narrated Um Salama: (the wife of the Prophet) In the lifetime 

of Allah's Apostle the women used to get up when they finished 

their compulsory prayers with Taslim. The Prophet and the men 

would stay on at their places as long as Allah will . When the 

Prophet got up, the men would then get up. 

1.826: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

When Allah's Apostle finished the Fajr prayer, the women would 

leave covered in their sheets and were not recognized owing to 

the darkness. 

1.827: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Abi Qatada Al-Ansari: My father said, 

"Allah' s Apostle said, "Whenever I stand for prayer, I want to 
prolong it but on hearing the cries of a child, I would 
shorten it as I dislike to put its mother in trouble. " 
1.828: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Had Allah's Apostle known what the women were doing, he would 
have forbidden them from going to the mosque as the women of 
Bani Israel had been forbidden. Yahya bin Sa^id (a 
sub-narrator) asked % Amra (another sub-narrator) , "Were the 



women of Bani Israel forbidden?" She replied "Yes. " 

1.829: 

Narrated Urn Salama: Whenever Allah's Apostle completed the 

prayer with Taslim, the women used to get up immediately and 

Allah's Apostle would remain at his place for someone before 

getting up. (The sub-narrator (Az-Zuhri) said, "We think, and 

Allah knows better, that he did so, so that the women might 

leave before men could get in touch with them) . 

1.830: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet prayed in the house of Urn Sulaim; and I, along 

with an orphan stood behind him while Um Sulaim (stood) behind 

us . 

1 . 831 : 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to offer the Fajr prayer when it was 

still dark and the believing women used to return (after 

finishing their prayer) and nobody could recognize them owing 

to darkness, or they could not recognize one another. 

1.832: 

Narrated Salim bin ^Abdullah: My father said, "The Prophet 

said, 'If the wife of any one of you asks permission (to go to 

the mosque) do not forbid her. " 






Volume 2 

Bk. 13: Friday Prayer 



2.1: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: I heard Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) 
saying, "We (Muslims) are the last (to come) but (will be) the 
foremost on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations 
were given the Holy Scriptures before us. And this was their 
day (Friday) the celebration of which was made compulsory for 
them but they differed about it . So Allah gave us the guidance 
for it (Friday) and all the other people are behind us in this 
respect: the Jews' (holy day is) tomorrow (i.e. Saturday) and 
the Christians' (is) the day after tomorrow (i.e. Sunday)." 
2.2: 
Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, 

"Anyone of you attending the Friday (prayers) should take a 
bath. " 
2.3: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: While ^Umar bin Al-Khattab was standing 
and delivering the sermon on a Friday, one of the companions 
of the Prophet, who was one of the foremost Muhajirs 

(emigrants) came. % Umar said to him, "What is the time now?" 
He replied, "I was busy and could not go back to my house till 
I heard the Adhan. I did not perform more than the ablution . " 
Thereupon % Umar said to him, "Did you perform only the 
ablution although you know that Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) used 
to order us to take a bath (on Fridays) ?" 
2.4: 
Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, 

"The taking of a bath on Friday is compulsory for every male 

(Muslim) who has attained the age of puberty. " 
2.5: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: I testify that Allah's Apostle said, "The 
taking of a bath on Friday is compulsory for every male Muslim 



who has attained the age of puberty and (also) the cleaning of 
his teeth with Siwak, and the using of perfume if it is 
available . " "Amr (a sub-narrator) said, "I confirm that the 
taking of a bath is compulsory, but as for the Siwak and the 
using of perfume, Allah knows better whether it is obligatory 
or not, but according to the Hadith it is as above. ") 
2.6: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Any 
person who takes a bath on Friday like the bath of Janaba and 
then goes for the prayer (in the first hour i.e. early), it is 
as if he had sacrificed a camel (in Allah's cause); and 
whoever goes in the second hour it is as if he had sacrificed 
a cow; and whoever goes in the third hour, then it is as if he 
had sacrificed a horned ram; and if one goes in the fourth 
hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a hen; and whoever 
goes in the fifth hour then it is as if he had offered an egg. 
When the Imam comes out (i.e. starts delivering the Khutba) , 
the angels present themselves to listen to the Khutba. " 
2.7: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: While "Umar (bin Al-Khattab) was 
delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a man entered (the mosque) . 
"Umar asked him, "What has detained you from the prayer?" The 
man said, "It was only that when I heard the Adhan I performed 
ablution (for the prayer) . " On that ^Umar said, "Did you not 
hear the Prophet saying: 'Anyone of you going out for the 
Jumua prayer should take a bath'?". 
2.8: 

Narrated Salman-Al-Farsi : The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Whoever 
takes a bath on Friday, purifies himself as much as he can, 
then uses his (hair) oil or perfumes himself with the scent of 
his house, then proceeds (for the Jumua prayer) and does not 
separate two persons sitting together (in the mosque) , then 
prays as much as (Allah has) written for him and then remains 
silent while the Imam is delivering the Khutba, his sins 
in-between the present and the last Friday would be forgiven. " 
2.9: 

Narrated Tawus: 
I said to Ibn " Abbas, "The people are narrating that the 



Prophet said, 'Take a bath on Friday and wash your heads (i.e. 
take a thorough bath) even though you were not Junub and use 
perfume ' . " On that Ibn s Abbas replied, "I know about the bath, 

(i.e. it is essential) but I do not know about the perfume 

(i.e. whether it is essential or not.) 
2.10: 

Narrated Tawus : 

Ibn " Abbas mentioned the statement of the Prophet regarding 
the taking of a bath on Friday and then I asked him whether 
the Prophet (p.b.u.h) had ordered perfume or (hair) oil to be 
used if they could be found in one's house. He (Ibn "Abbas) 
replied that he did not know about it. 
2.11: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: "Umar bin Al-Khattab saw a 
silken cloak (being sold) at the gate of the Mosque and said 
to Allah's Apostle, "I wish you would buy this to wear on 
Fridays and also on occasions of the arrivals of the 
delegations." Allah's Apostle replied, "This will be worn by a 
person who will have no share (reward) in the Hereafter . " 
Later on similar cloaks were given to Allah's Apostle and he 
gave one of them to "Umar bin Al-Khattab. On that "Umar said, 

"O Allah's Apostle! You have given me this cloak although on 

the cloak of Atarid (a cloak merchant who was selling that 

silken cloak at the gate of the mosque) you passed such and 

such a remark. " Allah's Apostle replied, "I have not given you 

this to wear". And so "Umar bin Al-Khattab gave it to his 

pagan brother in Mecca to wear. 

2.12: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If I had not 

found it hard for my followers or the people, I would have 

ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak for every 

prayer. " 

2.13: 

Narrated Anas: 

Allah's Apostle I said, "I have told you repeatedly to (use) 

the Siwak. (The Prophet put emphasis on the use of the Siwak.) 

2.14: 

Narrated Hudhaifa: When the Prophet (p.b.u.h) got up at night 



(for the night prayer) , he used to clean his mouth . 
2.15: 
Narrated ^Aisha : 

* Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Bakr came holding a Siwak with which he 
was cleaning his teeth. Allah's Apostle looked at him. I 
requested x Abdur-Rahman to give the Siwak to me and after he 
gave it to me I divided it, chewed it and gave it to Allah's 
Apostle. Then he cleaned his teeth with it and (at that time) 
he was resting against my chest . 
2.16: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet used to recite the following 
in the Fajr prayer of Friday, "Alif, Lam, Mim, Tamil " 

(Surat-as-Sajda #32) and "Hal-ata-ala-1-Insani" (i.e. 
Surah-Ad-Dahr #76) . 
2.17: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The first Jumua prayer which was offered 
after a Jumua prayer offered at the mosque of Allah's Apostle 
took place in the mosque of the tribe of " Abdul Qais at 
Jawathi in Bahrain . 
2.18: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "All of 
you are Guardians . " Yunis said: Ruzaiq bin Hukaim wrote to Ibn 
Shihab while I was with him at Wadi-al-Qura saying, "Shall I 
lead the Jumua prayer?" Ruzaiq was working on the land (i.e. 
farming) and there was a group of Sudanese people and some 
others with him; Ruzaiq was then the Governor of Aila. Ibn 
Shihab wrote (to Ruzaiq) ordering him to lead the Jumua prayer 
and telling him that Salim told him that x Abdullah bin ^Umar 
had said, "I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'All of you are 
guardians and responsible for your wards and the things under 
your care. The Imam (i.e. ruler) is the guardian of his 
subjects and is responsible for them and a man is the guardian 
of his family and is responsible for them. A woman is the 
guardian of her husband's house and is responsible for it. A 
servant is the guardian of his master's belongings and is 
responsible for them. ' I thought that he also said, 'A man is 
the guardian of his father's property and is responsible for 
it . All of you are guardians and responsible for your wards 



and the things under your care. " 

2.19: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 

"Anyone of you coming for the Jumua prayer should take a 
bath. " 
2.20: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id Al-Khudri: Allah's Apostle said, "The 
taking of a bath on Friday is compulsory for every Muslim who 
has attained the age of puberty. " 
2.21: 
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said "We are the last 

(to come amongst the nations) but (will be) the foremost on 

the Day of Resurrection. They were given the Holy Scripture 

before us and we were given the Qur'an after them. And this 

was the day (Friday) about which they differed and Allah gave 

us the guidance (for that). So tomorrow (i.e. Saturday) is the 

Jews' (day), and the day after tomorrow (i.e. Sunday) is the 

Christians'." The Prophet (p.b.u.h) remained silent (for a 

while) and then said, "It is obligatory for every Muslim that 

he should take a bath once in seven days, when he should wash 

his head and body. " Narrated Abu Huraira through different 

narrators that the Prophet said, "It is Allah's right on every 

Muslim that he should take a bath (at least) once in seven 

days. " 

2.22: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Allow women 

to go to the Mosques at night. " 

2.23: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: One of the wives of "Umar (bin Al-Khattab) 

used to offer the Fajr and the "Isha' prayer in congregation 

in the Mosque. She was asked why she had come out for the 

prayer as she knew that *Umar disliked it, and he has great 

ghaira (self-respect) . She replied, "What prevents him from 

stopping me from this act?" The other replied, "The statement 

of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) ; 'Do not stop Allah's 

women-slave from going to Allah s Mosques' prevents him. " 

2.24: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Seereen: On a rainy day Ibn "Abbas said 



to his Mu'adh-dhin, "After saying, 'Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 
Rasulullah' (I testify that Muhammad is Allah's Apostle) , do 
not say ' Haiya ' Alas-Salat ' (come for the prayer) but say 

'Pray in your houses ' . " (The man did so) . But the people 
disliked it . Ibn "Abbas said, "It was done by one who was much 
better than I (i.e. the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ). No doubt, the 
Jumua prayer is compulsory but I dislike to put you to task by 
bringing you out walking in mud and slush. " 
2.25: 
Narrated Aisha: 

(the wife of the Prophet) The people used to come from their 
abodes and from Al-"Awali (i.e. outskirts of Medina up to a 
distance of four miles or more from Medina) . They used to pass 
through dust and used to be drenched with sweat and covered 
with dust; so sweat used to trickle from them. One of them 
came to Allah's Apostle who was in my house. The Prophet said 
to him, "I wish that you keep yourself clean on this day of 
yours (i.e. take a bath)." 
2.26: 

Narrated Yahya bin Sa^id: I asked "Amra about taking a bath on 
Fridays. She replied, " Aisha said, 'The people used to work 

(for their livelihood) and whenever they went for the Jumua 
prayer, they used to go to the mosque in the same shape as 
they had been in work. So they were asked to take a bath on 
Friday. ' " 
2.27: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet used to offer the Jumua 
prayer immediately after midday. 
2.28: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: We used to offer the Jumua prayer 
early and then have an afternoon nap. 
2.29: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet used to offer the prayer 
earlier if it was very cold; and if it was very hot he used to 
delay the prayer, i.e. the Jumua prayer. 
2.30: 

Narrated Abu "Abs: I heard the Prophet saying, "Anyone whose 
feet are covered with dust in Allah's cause, shall be saved by 



Allah from the Hell-Fire. " 

2.31: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: heard Allah's Apostles (p.b.u.h) saying, 

"If the prayer is started do not run for it but just walk for 

it calmly and pray whatever you get, and complete whatever is 

missed. " 

2.32: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abi Qatada on the authority of his 

father: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Do not stand up (for 

prayer) unless you see me, and observe calmness and 

solemnity" . 

2.33: 

Narrated Salman Al-Farsi: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, 

"Anyone who takes a bath on Friday and cleans himself as much 
as he can and puts oil (on his hair) or scents himself; and 
then proceeds for the prayer and does not force his way 
between two persons (assembled in the mosque for the Friday 
prayer) , and prays as much as is written for him and remains 
quiet when the Imam delivers the Khutba, all his sins in 
between the present and the last Friday will be forgiven. " 
2.34: 
Narrated Ibn Jural j: I heard Nazi' saying, "Ibn "Umar, said, 

'The Prophet forbade that a man should make another man to get 
up to sit in his place' ". I said to Nafi* , 'Is it for Jumua 
prayer only? ' He replied, "For Jumua prayer and any other 

(prayer) . " 
2.35: 

Narrated As-Saib bin Yazid: In the lifetime of the Prophet, 
Abu Bakr and "Umar, the Adhan for the Jumua prayer used to be 
pronounced when the Imam sat on the pulpit . But during the 
Caliphate of ^Uthman when the Muslims increased in number, a 
third Adhan at Az-Zaura ' was added. Abu " Abdullah said, 

"Az-Zaura' is a place in the market of Medina. " 

2.36: 

Narrated As-Saib bin Yazid: The person who increased the 

number of Adhans for the Jumua prayers to three was "Uthman 

bin ^Affan and it was when the number of the (Muslim) people 

of Medina had increased. In the lifetime of the Prophet I 



there was only one Mu'adh-dhin and the Adhan used to be 
pronounced only after the Imam had taken his seat (i.e. on the 
pulpit) . 
2.37: 

Narrated Abu Umama bin Sahl bin Hunaif: I heard Muawiya bin 
Abi Sufyan (repeating the statements of the Adhan) while he 
was sitting on the pulpit. When the Mu'adh-dhin pronounced the 
Adhan saying, "Allahu-Akbar, Allahu Akbar", Muawiya said: 
"Allah Akbar, Allahu Akbar. " And when the Mu'adh-dhin said, 
"Ash-hadu an la ilaha illal-lah (I testify that none has the 
right to be worshipped but Allah) " , Muawiya said, "And (so do) 
I". When he said, "Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulullah" (I 
testify that Muhammad is Allah's Apostle) , Muawiya said, "And 
(so do) I". When the Adhan was finished, Muawiya said, "O 
people, when the Mu ' adh-dhin pronounced the Adhan I heard 
Allah's Apostle on this very pulpit saying what you have just 
heard me saying". 
2.38: 

Narrated As-Sa'ib bin Yazid I : ^Uthman bin % Affan introduced 
the second Adhan on Fridays when the number of the people in 
the mosque increased. Previously the Adhan on Fridays used to 
be pronounced only after the Imam had taken his seat (on the 
pulpit) . 
2.39: 

Narrated Az-Zuhri : I heard As-Saib bin Yazid, saying, "In the 
lifetime of Allah's Apostle, and Abu Bakr and ^Umar, the Adhan 
for the Jumua prayer used to be pronounced after the Imam had 
taken his seat on the pulpit . But when the people increased in 
number during the caliphate of "Uthman, he introduced a third 
Adhan (on Friday for the Jumua prayer) and it was pronounced 
at Az-Zaura ' and that new state of affairs remained so in the 
succeeding years. 
2.40: 

Narrated Abu Hazim bin Dinar: Some people went to Sahl bin 
Sa*d As-Sa" idi and told him that they had different opinions 
regarding the wood of the pulpit . They asked him about it and 
he said, "By Allah, I know of what wood the pulpit was made, 
and no doubt I saw it on the very first day when Allah's 



Apostle I took his seat on it. Allah's Apostle sent for such 
and such an Ansari woman (and Sahl mentioned her name) and 
said to her, 'Order your slave-carpenter to prepare for me 
some pieces of wood (i.e. pulpit) on which I may sit at the 
time of addressing the people. ' So she ordered her 
slave-carpenter and he made it from the tamarisk of the forest 
and brought it (to the woman) . The woman sent that (pulpit) to 
Allah's Apostle who ordered it to be placed here. Then I saw 
Allah's Apostle praying on it and then bowed on it. Then he 
stepped back, got down and prostrated on the ground near the 
foot of the pulpit and again ascended the pulpit . After 
finishing the prayer he faced the people and said, 'I have 
done this so that you may follow me and learn the way I pray. ' 

1.41: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: The Prophet used to stand by a 

stem of a date-palm tree (while delivering a sermon) . When the 

pulpit was placed for him we heard that stem crying like a 

pregnant she-camel till the Prophet got down from the pulpit 

and placed his hand over it . 

2.42: 

Narrated Salim: 

My father said , "I heard the Prophet delivering the Khutba on 

the pulpit and he said, 'Whoever comes for the Jumua prayer 

should take a bath (before coming) . ' " 

2.43: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to deliver the 

Khutba while standing and then he would sit, then stand again 

as you do now-a-days. 

2.44: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : One day the Prophet sat on the 

pulpit and we sat around him. 

2.45: 

Narrated "Amr bin Taghlib: Some property or something was 

brought to Allah's Apostle and he distributed it. He gave to 

some men and ignored the others. Later he got the news of his 

being admonished by those whom he had ignored. So he glorified 

and praised Allah and said, "Amma ba'du. By Allah, I may give 



to a man and ignore another, although the one whom I ignore is 
more beloved to me than the one whom I give. But I give to 
some people as I feel that they have no patience and no 
contentment in their hearts and I leave those who are patient 
and self-content with the goodness and wealth which Allah has 
put into their hearts and *Amr bin Taghlib is one of them. " 

^Amr added, By Allah! Those words of Allah's Apostle are more 
beloved to me than the best red camels. 
2.46: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Once in the middle of the night Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) went 
out and prayed in the mosque and some men prayed with him. The 
next morning the people spoke about it and so more people 
gathered and prayed with him (in the second night) . They 
circulated the news in the morning, and so, on the third night 
the number of people increased greatly. Allah's Apostle 

(p.b.u.h) came out and they prayed behind him . On the fourth 
night the mosque was overwhelmed by the people till it could 
not accommodate them. Allah's Apostle came out only for the 
Fajr prayer and when he finished the prayer, he faced the 
people and recited "Tashah-hud" (I testify that none has the 
right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is His 
Apostle) , and then said, "Amma ba'du. Verily your presence (in 
the mosque at night) was not hidden from me, but I was afraid 
that this prayer (Prayer of Tahajjud) might be made compulsory 
and you might not be able to carry it out. " 
2.47: 
Narrated Abu Hummaid As-Sa* idi One night Allah's Apostle 

(p.b.u.h) stood up after the prayer and recited "Tashah-hud" 

and then praised Allah as He deserved and said, "Amma ba'du. " 

2.48: 

Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama: Once Allah's Apostle got up 

for delivering the Khutba and I heard him after "Tashah-hud" 

saying "Amma ba 'du. " 

2.49: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Once the Prophet ascended the pulpit and 

it was the last gathering in which he took part . He was 

covering his shoulder with a big cloak and binding his head 



with an oily bandage. He glorified and praised Allah and said, 
"O people! Come to me. " So the people came and gathered around 
him and he then said, "Amma ba'du. " "From now onward the Ansar 
will decrease and other people will increase. So anybody who 
becomes a ruler of the followers of Muhammad and has the power 
to harm or benefit people then he should accept the good from 
the benevolent amongst them (Ansar) and overlook the faults of 
their wrong-doers . " 
2.50: 

Narrated x Abdullah Ibn "Umar: The Prophet used to deliver two 
Khutbas and sit in between them. 
2.51: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "When it is a Friday, 
the angels stand at the gate of the mosque and keep on writing 
the names of the persons coming to the mosque in succession 
according to their arrivals . The example of the one who enters 
the mosque in the earliest hour is that of one offering a 
camel (in sacrifice) . The one coming next is like one offering 
a cow and then a ram and then a chicken and then an egg 
respectively . When the Imam comes out (for Jumua prayer) they 
(i.e. angels) fold their papers and listen to the Khutba." 
2.52: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: A person entered the mosque 
while the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday. The 
Prophet said to him, "Have you prayed?" The man replied in the 
negative. The Prophet said, "Get up and pray two rak" at . " 
2.53: 

Narrated Jabir: 

A man entered the Mosque while the Prophet was delivering the 
Khutba. The Prophet said to him, "Have you prayed?" The man 
replied in the negative. The Prophet said, "Pray two rak" at . " 
2.54: 

Narrated Anas: 

While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a man 
stood up and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! The livestock and the 
sheep are dying, so pray to Allah for rain. " So he (the 
Prophet) raised both his hands and invoked Allah (for it) . 
2.55: 



Narrated Anas bin Malik: Once in the lifetime of the Prophet 
(p.b.u.h) the people were afflicted with drought (famine) . 
While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba on a Friday, a 
Bedouin stood up and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! Our 
possessions are being destroyed and the children are hungry; 
Please invoke Allah (for rain) " . So the Prophet raised his 
hands. At that time there was not a trace of cloud in the sky. 
By Him in Whose Hands my soul is as soon as he lowered his 
hands, clouds gathered like mountains, and before he got down 
from the pulpit, I saw the rain falling on the beard of the 
Prophet . It rained that day, the next day, the third day, the 
fourth day till the next Friday. The same Bedouin or another 
man stood up and said, "O Allah's Apostle! The houses have 
collapsed, our possessions and livestock have been drowned; 
Please invoke Allah (to protect us) " . So the Prophet I raised 
both his hands and said, "O Allah! Round about us and not on 
us". So, in whatever direction he pointed with his hands, the 
clouds dispersed and cleared away, and Medina's (sky) became 
clear as a hole in between the clouds. The valley of Qanat 
remained flooded, for one month, none came from outside but 
talked about the abundant rain. 
2.56: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "When 
the Imam is delivering the Khutba, and you ask your companion 
to keep quiet and listen, then no doubt you have done an evil 
act." 
2.57: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) talked about 
Friday and said, "There is an hour (opportune time) on Friday 
and if a Muslim gets it while praying and asks something from 
Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand. " And he 
(the Prophet) pointed out the shortness of that time with his 
hands . 
2.58: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: While we were praying (Jumua 
Khutba & prayer) with the Prophet (p.b.u.h) , some camels 
loaded with food, arrived (from Sham) . The people diverted 
their attention towards the camels (and left the mosque) , and 



only twelve persons remained with the Prophet. So this verse 

was revealed: "But when they see Some bargain or some 

amusement, They disperse headlong to it, And leave you 

standing. " (6 

2.11) 

2.59: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle used to pray two 

rak*at before the Zuhr prayer and two rak^at after it. He also 

used to pray two rak* at after the Maghrib prayer in his house, 

and two rak^at after the x Jsha' prayer. He never prayed after 

Jumua prayer till he departed (from the Mosque) , and then he 

would pray two rak^at at home. 

2.60: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d: There was a woman amongst us who had a 

farm and she used to sow Silq (a kind of vegetable) on the 

edges of streams in her farm. On Fridays she used to pull out 

the Silq from its roots and put the roots in a utensil . Then 

she would put a handful of powdered barley over it and cook 

it . The roots of the Silq were a substitute for meat . After 

finishing the Jumua prayer we used to greet her and she would 

give us that food which we would eat with our hands, and 

because of that meal, we used to look forward to Friday. 

2.61: 

Narrated Sahl : 

As above with the addition: We never had an afternoon nap nor 

meals except after offering the Jumua prayer. 

2.62: 

Narrated Anas: 

We used to offer the Jumua prayer early and then have the 

afternoon nap. 

2.63: 

Narrated Sahl : 

We used to offer the Jumua prayer with the Prophet and then 

take the afternoon nap. 



Bk. 14: Fear Prayer 



2.64: 

Narrated Shu'aib: 

I asked Az-Zuhri, "Did the Prophet ever offer the Fear 

Prayer?" Az-Zuhri said, "I was told by Salim that "Abdullah 

bin "Umar I had said, 'I took part in a holy battle with 

Allah's Apostle I in Najd. We faced the enemy and arranged 

ourselves in rows. Then Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) stood up to 

lead the prayer and one party stood to pray with him while the 

other faced the enemy. Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) and the 

former party bowed and performed two prostrations . Then that 

party left and took the place of those who had not prayed. 

Allah's Apostle prayed one rak % a (with the latter) and 

performed two prostrations and finished his prayer with 

Taslim. Then everyone of them bowed once and performed two 

prostrations individually . ' " 

2.65: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

Ibn *Umar said something similar to Mujahid' s saying: Whenever 

(Muslims and non-Muslims) stand face to face in battle, the 
Muslims can pray while standing. Ibn "Umar added, "The Prophet 
said, 'If the number of the enemy is greater than the Muslims, 
they can pray while standing or riding (individually) . ' " 
2.66: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Once the Prophet (p.b.u.h) led the fear 
prayer and the people stood behind him. He said Takbir 

(Allahu-Akbar) and the people said the same. He bowed and some 
of them bowed. Then he prostrated and they also prostrated. 
Then he stood for the second rak" a and those who had prayed 
the first rak^a left and guarded their brothers. The second 
party joined him and performed bowing and prostration with 
him. All the people were in prayer but they were guarding one 
another during the prayer. 
2.67: 
Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: On the day of the Khandaq "Umar 



came, cursing the disbelievers of Quraish and said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! I have not offered the ^Asr prayer and the sun has 
set . " The Prophet replied, "By Allah ! I too, have not offered 
the prayer yet . "The Prophet then went to Buthan, performed 
ablution and performed the x Asr prayer after the sun had set 
and then offered the Maghrib prayer after it." 
2.68: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) offered the 
Fajr prayer when it was still dark, then he rode and said, 

'Allah Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. When we approach near to a 
nation, the most unfortunate is the morning of those who have 
been warned. " The people came out into the streets saying, 

"Muhammad and his army. " Allah's Apostle vanquished them by 
force and their warriors were killed; the children and women 
were taken as captives . Safiya was taken by Dihya Al-Kalbi and 
later she belonged to Allah's Apostle go who married her and 
her Mahr was her manumission . 

Bk. 15: The Two Festivals (Eids) 

2.69: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin % Umar: % Umar bought a silk cloak from 

the market, took it to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's 

Apostle! Take it and adorn yourself with it during the x Id and 

when the delegations visit you." Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) 

replied, "This dress is for those who have no share (in the 

Hereafter) . " After a long period Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) 

sent to % Umar a cloak of silk brocade. *Umar came to Allah's 

Apostle (p.b.u.h) with the cloak and said, "O Allah's Apostle! 

You said that this dress was for those who had no share (in 

the Hereafter) ; yet you have sent me this cloak. " Allah's 

Apostle said to him, "Sell it and fulfill your needs by it . " 

2.70: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) came to my house while two girls 

were singing beside me the songs of Buath (a story about the 



war between the two tribes of the Ansar, the Khazraj and the 
Aus, before Islam). The Prophet (p.b.u.h) lay down and turned 
his face to the other side. Then Abu Bakr came and spoke to me 
harshly saying, "Musical instruments of Satan near the Prophet 

(p.b.u.h) ?" Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) turned his face towards 
him and said, "Leave them. " When Abu Bakr became inattentive, 
I signaled to those girls to go out and they left. It was the 
day of "Id, and the Black people were playing with shields and 
spears; so either I requested the Prophet (p.b.u.h) or he 
asked me whether I would like to see the display. I replied in 
the affirmative. Then the Prophet (p.b.u.h) made me stand 
behind him and my cheek was touching his cheek and he was 
saying, "Carry on! O Bani Arfida, " till I got tired. The 
Prophet (p.b.u.h) asked me, "Are you satisfied (Is that 
sufficient for you) ?" I replied in the affirmative and he told 
me to leave. 
2.71: 

Narrated Al-Bara' : I heard the Prophet (p.b.u.h) delivering a 
Khutba saying, "The first thing to be done on this day (first 
day of " Id ul Adha) is to pray; and after returning from the 
prayer we slaughter our sacrifices (in the name of Allah) and 
whoever does so, he acted according to our Sunna 

(traditions) . " 
2.72: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Abu Bakr came to my house while two small Ansari girls were 
singing beside me the stories of the Ansar concerning the Day 
of Buath. And they were not singers. Abu Bakr said 
protestingly, "Musical instruments of Satan in the house of 
Allah's Apostle !" It happened on the " Id day and Allah's 
Apostle said, "O Abu Bakr! There is an x Id for every nation 
and this is our x Id. " 
2. 73: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik, : Allah's Apostle never proceeded (for 
the prayer) on the Day of x Id-ul-Fitr unless he had eaten some 
dates. Anas also narrated: The Prophet used to eat odd number 
of dates. 
2. 74: 



Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Whoever slaughtered (his sacrifice) before 
the "Id prayer, should slaughter again. " A man stood up and 
said, "This is the day on which one has desire for meat, " and 
he mentioned something about his neighbors. It seemed that the 
Prophet I believed him. Then the same man added, "I have a 
young she-goat which is dearer to me than the meat of two 
sheep. " The Prophet permitted him to slaughter it as a 
sacrifice. I do not know whether that permission was valid 
only for him or for others as well . 
2. 75: 

Narrated Al-Bara' bin "Azib: The Prophet delivered the Khutba 
after offering the prayer on the Day of Nahr and said, 
"Whoever offers the prayer like us and slaughters like us then 
his Nusuk (sacrifice) will be accepted by Allah. And whoever 
slaughters his sacrifice before the "Id prayer then he has not 
done the sacrifice. " Abi Burda bin Niyar, the uncle of 
Al-Bara' said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have slaughtered my sheep 
before the "Id prayer and I thought today as a day of eating 
and drinking (not alcoholic drinks) , and I liked that my sheep 
should be the first to be slaughtered in my house. So 
slaughtered my sheep and took my food before coming for the 
prayer. " The Prophet said, "The sheep which you have 
slaughtered is just mutton (not a Nusuk) . " He (Abu Burda) 
said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have a young she-goat which is 
dearer to me than two sheep. Will that be sufficient as a 
Nusuk on my behalf? "The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Yes, it will 
be sufficient for you but it will not be sufficient (as a 
Nusuk) for anyone else after you. " 
2.76: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id Al-Khudri: The Prophet used to proceed to 
the Musalla on the days of Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Adha; the 
first thing to begin with was the prayer and after that he 
would stand in front of the people and the people would keep 
sitting in their rows. Then he would preach to them, advise 
them and give them orders, (i.e. Khutba). And after that if he 
wished to send an army for an expedition, he would do so; or 
if he wanted to give and order, he would do so, and then 



depart . The people followed this tradition till I went out 
with Marwan, the Governor of Medina, for the prayer of 
Id-ul-Adha or Id-ul-Fitr. When we reached the Musalla, there 
was a pulpit made by Kathir bin As-Salt . Marwan wanted to get 
up on that pulpit before the prayer. I got hold of his clothes 
but he pulled them and ascended the pulpit and delivered the 
Khutba before the prayer. I said to him, "By Allah, you have 
changed (the Prophet's tradition)." He replied, "O Abu Sa"id! 
Gone is that which you know. " I said, "By Allah! What I know 
is better than what I do not know. " Marwan said, "People do 
not sit to listen to our Khutba after the prayer, so I 
delivered the Khutba before the prayer. " 
2. 77; 

Narrated " Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle used to offer 
the prayer of " Id-ul-Adha and "Id-ul-Fitr and then deliver the 
Khutba after the prayer. 
2. 78: 

Narrated Ibn Jural j: "Ata' said, "Jabir bin " Abdullah said, 
'The Prophet went out on the Day of "Id-ul-Fitr and offered 
the prayer before delivering the Khutba, Ata told me that 
during the early days of Ibn Az-Zubair, Ibn "Abbas had sent a 
message to him telling him that the Adhan for the "Id Prayer 
was never pronounced (in the life time of Allah's Apostle) and 
the Khutba used to be delivered after the prayer. Ata told me 
that Ibn "Abbas and Jabir bin "Abdullah, had said, "There was 
no Adhan for the prayer of "Id-ul-Fitr and "Id-ul-Aqha. " "Ata' 
said, "I heard Jabir bin "Abdullah saying, 'The Prophet stood 
up and started with the prayer, and after it he delivered the 
Khutba. When the Prophet of Allah (p.b.u.h) finished (the 
Khutba) , he went to the women and preached to them, while he 
was leaning on Bilal ' s hand. Bilal was spreading his garment 
and the ladies were putting alms in it . ' "I said to Ata, "Do 
you think it incumbent upon an Imam to go to the women and 
preach to them after finishing the prayer and Khutba?" "Ata' 
said, "No doubt it is incumbent on Imams to do so, and why 
should they not do so?" 
2.79: 
Narrated Ibn "Abbas: I offered the "Id prayer with Allah's 



Apostle, Abu Bakr, "Umar and "Uthman and all of them offered 

the prayer before delivering the Khutba. 

2.80: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle, Abu Bakr and ' Umar ! used 

to offer the two " Id prayers before delivering the Khutba. 

2.81: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet offered a two rak" at prayer 

on the Day of Id ul Fitr and he did not pray before or after 

it . Then he went towards women along with Bilal and ordered 

them to pay alms and so they started giving their earrings and 

necklaces (in charity) . 

2.82: 

Narrated Al-Bara' bin "Azib: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "The 

first thing that we should do on this day of ours is to pray 

and then return to slaughter the sacrifice. So anyone who does 

so, he acted according to our Sunna (tradition) , and whoever 

slaughtered the sacrifice before the prayer, it was just meat 

which he presented to his family and would not be considered 

as Nusuk. " A person from the Ansar named Abu Burda bin Niyyar 

said, "O Allah's Apostle! I slaughtered the Nusuk (before the 

prayer) but I have a young she-goat which is better than an 

older sheep. " The Prophet I said, "Sacrifice it in lieu of the 

first, but it will be not sufficient (as a sacrifice) for 

anybody else after you. " 

2.83: 

Narrated Sa"id bin Jubair: I was with Ibn "Umar when a spear 

head pierced the sole of his foot and his foot stuck to the 

paddle of the saddle and I got down and pulled his foot out, 

and that happened in Mina. Al-Hajjaj got the news and came to 

inquire about his health and said, "Alas! If we could only 

know the man who wounded you!" Ibn "Umar said, "You are the 

one who wounded me. " Al-Hajjaj said, "How is that?" Ibn "Umar 

said, "You have allowed the arms to be carried on a day on 

which nobody used to carry them and you allowed arms to be 

carried in the Haram even though it was not allowed before. " 

2.84: 

Narrated Sa" id bin "Amr bin Sa" id bin Al-"Aas: Al-Hajjaj went 

to Ibn "Umar while I was present there. Al-Hajjaj asked Ibn 



"Umar, "How are you?" Ibn "Umar replied, "I am all right, " 
Al-Hajjaj asked, "Who wounded you?" Ibn "Umar replied, "The 
person who allowed arms to be carried on the day on which it 
was forbidden to carry them (he meant Al-Hajjaj) . " 
2.85: 

Narrated Al-Bara ' : The Prophet delivered the Khutba on the day 
of Nahr (" Id-ul-Adha) and said, "The first thing we should do 
on this day of ours is to pray and then return and slaughter 

(our sacrifices) . So anyone who does so he acted according to 
our Sunna; and whoever slaughtered before the prayer then it 
was just meat that he offered to his family and would not be 
considered as a sacrifice in any way. My uncle Abu Burda bin 
Niyyar got up and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! I slaughtered the 
sacrifice before the prayer but I have a young she-goat which 
is better than an older sheep. " The Prophet said, "Slaughter 
it in lieu of the first and such a goat will not be considered 
as a sacrifice for anybody else after you. " 
2.86: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The Prophet said, "No good deeds done on 
other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days 
of Dhul Hijja) . " Then some companions of the Prophet said, 

"Not even Jihad?" He replied, "Not even Jihad, except that of 

a man who does it by putting himself and his property in 

danger (for Allah's sake) and does not return with any of 

those things. " 

2.87: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Bakr Al-Thaqafi: While we were going 

from Mina to "Arafat, I asked Anas bin Malik, about Talbiya, 

"How did you use to say Talbiya in the company of the 
Prophet?" Anas said: "People used to say Talbiya and their 
saying was not objected to and they used to say Takbir and 
that was not objected to either. " 
2.88: 

Narrated Urn "Atiya: We used to be ordered to come out on the 
Day of "Id and even bring out the virgin girls from their 
houses and menstruating women so that they might stand behind 
the men and say Takbir along with them and invoke Allah along 
with them and hope for the blessings of that day and for 



purification from sins. 

2.89: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: On the day of " Id-ul-Fitr and % Id-ul-Adha 

a spear used to be planted in front of the Prophet I (as a 

Sutra for the prayer) and then he would pray. 

2.90: 

Narrated Ibn ^Urnar: The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla 

and an 'Anaza used to be carried before him and planted in the 

Musalla in front of him and he would pray facing it (as a 

Sutra) . 

2.91: 

Narrated Muhammad: Um 'Atiyya said: "Our Prophet ordered us to 

come out (on x Id day) with the mature girls and the virgins 

staying in seclusion. " Hafsa narrated the above mentioned 

Hadith and added, "The mature girls or virgins staying in 

seclusion but the menstruating women had to keep away from the 

Musalla. " 

2.92: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: I (in my boyhood) went out with the 

Prophet on the day of N Id ul Fitr or Id-ul-Adha. The Prophet 

prayed and then delivered the Khutba and then went towards the 

women, preached and advised them and ordered them to give 

alms . 

2.93: 

Narrated Al-Bara ' : The Prophet went towards Al-Baqi (the 

graveyard at Medina) on the day of Id-ul-Adha and offered a 

two-rak" at prayer (of ^Id-ul-Adha) and then faced us and said, 

"On this day of ours, our first act of worship is the offering 

of prayer and then we will return and slaughter the sacrifice, 

and whoever does this concords with our Sunna; and whoever 

slaughtered his sacrifice before that (i.e. before the prayer) 

then that was a thing which he prepared earlier for his family 

and it would not be considered as a Nusuk (sacrifice. ) " A man 

stood up and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! I slaughtered (the 

animal before the prayer) but I have a young she-goat which is 

better than an older sheep." The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said to 

him, "Slaughter it . But a similar sacrifice will not be 

sufficient for anybody else after you. " 



2.94: 

Narrated "Abdur Rahman bin "Abis: Ibn " Abbas was asked whether 

he had joined the Prophet in the "Id prayer. He said, "Yes. 

And I could not have joined him had I not been young. (The 

Prophet came out) till he reached the mark which was near the 

house of Kathir bin As-Salt, offered the prayer, delivered the 

Khutba and then went towards the women. Bilal was accompanying 

him. He preached to them and advised them and ordered them to 

give alms. I saw the women putting their ornaments with their 

outstretched hands into Bilal ' s garment. Then the Prophet 

along with Bilal returned home. 

2.95: 

Narrated Ibn Jural j: "Ata' told me that he had heard Jabir bin 

"Abdullah saying, "The Prophet stood up to offer the prayer of 
the "Id ul Fitr . He first offered the prayer and then 
delivered the Khutba. After finishing it he got down (from the 
pulpit) and went towards the women and advised them while he 
was leaning on Bilal ' s hand. Bilal was spreading out his 
garment where the women were putting their alms. " I asked 

"Ata' whether it was the Zakat of " Id ul Fitr. He said, "No, 
it was just alms given at that time. Some lady put her finger 
ring and the others would do the same. " I said, (to "Ata'), 

"Do you think that it is incumbent upon the Imam to give 
advice to the women (on "Id day) ?" He said, "No doubt, it is 
incumbent upon the Imams to do so and why should they not do 
so?" Al-Hasan bin Muslim told me that Ibn "Abbas had said, "I 
join the Prophet, Abu Bakr, "Umar and "Uthman in the "Id ul 
Fitr prayers. They used to offer the prayer before the Khutba 
and then they used to deliver the Khutba afterwards. Once the 
Prophet I came out (for the "Id prayer) as if I were just 
observing him waving to the people to sit down. He, then 
accompanied by Bilal, came crossing the rows till he reached 
the women. He recited the following verse: 'O Prophet! When 
the believing women come to you to take the oath of fealty to 
you . . . (to the end of the verse) (60.12). ' After finishing 
the recitation he said, "O ladies! Are you fulfilling your 
covenant?" None except one woman said, "Yes. " Hasan did not 
know who was that woman. The Prophet said, "Then give alms. " 



Bilal spread his garment and said, "Keep on giving alms. Let 
my father and mother sacrifice their lives for you (ladies) . " 
So the ladies kept on putting their Fatkhs (big rings) and 
other kinds of rings in Bilal ' s garment. " "Abdur-Razaq said, " 

'Fatkhs ' is a big ring which used to be worn in the 

(Pre-Islamic) period of ignorance. 
2.96: 

Narrated Aiyub: 

Hafsa bint Seereen said, "On Id we used to forbid our girls to 
go out for "Id prayer. A lady came and stayed at the palace of 
Bani Khalaf and I went to her. She said, 'The husband of my 
sister took part in twelve holy battles along with the Prophet 
and my sister was with her husband in six of them. My sister 
said that they used to nurse the sick and treat the wounded. 
Once she asked, 'O Allah's Apostle! If a woman has no veil, is 
there any harm if she does not come out (on "Id day)?' The 
Prophet said, 'Her companion should let her share her veil 
with her, and the women should participate in the good deeds 
and in the religious gatherings of the believers . ' " Hafsa 
added, "When Um-"Atiya came, I went to her and asked her, 'Did 
you hear anything about so-and-so?' Um-"Atiya said, 'Yes, let 
my father be sacrificed for the Prophet (p.b.u.h) . (And 
whenever she mentioned the name of the Prophet she always used 
to say, 'Let my father be ' sacrificed for him) . He said, 

'Virgin mature girls staying often screened (or said, 'Mature 
girls and virgins staying often screened — Aiyub is not sure as 
which was right) and menstruating women should come out (on 
the " Id day) . But the menstruating women should keep away from 
the Musalla. And all the women should participate in the good 
deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers ' . " 
Hafsa said, "On that I said to X3m-"Atiya, 'Also those who are 
menstruating?' " Um-"Atiya replied, "Yes. Do they not present 
themselves at "Arafat and elsewhere?" . 
2.97: 

Narrated Um-"Atiya: We were ordered to go out (for "Id) and 
also to take along with us the menstruating women, mature 
girls and virgins staying in seclusion. (Ibn "Aun said, "Or 
mature virgins staying in seclusion) . " The menstruating women 



could present themselves at the religious gathering and 
invocation of Muslims but should keep away from their Musalla. 
2.98: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to Nahr or 
slaughter sacrifices at the Musalla (on * Id-ul-Adha) . 
2.99: 

Narrated Al-Bara' bin ^Azib: On the day of Nahr Allah's 
Apostle delivered the Khutba after the v Id prayer and said, 
"Anyone who prayed like us and slaughtered the sacrifice like 
we did then he acted according to our (Nusuk) tradition of 
sacrificing, and whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before the 
prayer, then that was just mutton (i.e. not sacrifice)." Abu 
Burda bin Naiyar stood up and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By 
Allah, I slaughtered my sacrifice before I offered the (Id) 
prayer and thought that today was the day of eating and 
drinking (nonalcoholic drinks) and so I made haste (in 
slaughtering) and ate and also fed my family and neighbors . " 
Allah's Apostle said, "That was just mutton (not a 
sacrifice) . " Then Abu Burda said, "I have a young she-goat and 
no doubt, it is better than two sheep. Will that be sufficient 
as a sacrifice for me?" The Prophet replied, "Yes. But it will 
not be sufficient for anyone else (as a sacrifice) , after 
you. " 
2.100: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle offered the prayer on 
the day of Nahr and then delivered the Khutba and ordered that 
whoever had slaughtered his sacrifice before the prayer should 
repeat it, that is, should slaughter another sacrifice. Then a 
person from the Ansar stood up and said, "O Allah's Apostle! 
because of my neighbors (he described them as being very needy 
or poor) I slaughtered before the prayer. I have a young 
she-goat which, in my opinion, is better than two sheep. " The 
Prophet gave him the permission for slaughtering it as a 
sacrifice. 
2.101: 

Narrated Jundab: 

On the day of Nahr the Prophet offered the prayer and 
delivered the Khutba and then slaughtered the sacrifice and 



said, "Anybody who slaughtered (his sacrifice) before the 

prayer should slaughter another animal in lieu of it, and the 

one who has not yet slaughtered should slaughter the sacrifice 

mentioning Allah's name on it. " 

2.102: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: On the Day of " Id the Prophet 

used to return (after offering the " Id prayer) through a way 

different from that by which he went . 

2.103: 

Narrated "Urwa on the authority of "Aisha: On the days of 

Mina, (11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah) Abu Bakr came to 

her while two young girls were beating the tambourine and the 

Prophet was lying covered with his clothes. Abu Bakr scolded 

them and the Prophet uncovered his face and said to Abu Bakr, 

"Leave them, for these days are the days of " Id and the days 

of Mina. " "Aisha further said, "Once the Prophet was screening 

me and I was watching the display of black slaves in the 

Mosque and ("Umar) scolded them. The Prophet said, 'Leave 

them. O Bani Arfida! (carry on), you are safe (protected) ' . " 

2.104: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The Prophet went out and offered a two 

rak" at prayer on the Day of "Id ul Fitr and did not offer any 

other prayer before or after it and at that time Bilal was 

accompanying him. 

Bk. 16: Witr Prayer 



2.105: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Once a person asked Allah's Apostle about 
the night prayer. Allah ' s Apostle replied, "The night prayer 
is offered as two rak" at followed by two rak" at and so on and 
if anyone is afraid of the approaching dawn (Fajr prayer) he 
should pray one rak" a and this will be a witr for all the 
rak" at which he has prayed before. " Nafi" told that "Abdullah 
bin "Umar used to say Taslim between (the first) two rak" at 
and (the third) odd one in the witr prayer, when he wanted to 



attend to a certain matter (during that interval between the 
rak "at) . 
2.106: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Once I passed the night in the house of 
Maimuna (his aunt). I slept across the bed while Allah's 
Apostle and his wife slept length-wise. The Prophet slept till 
midnight or nearly so and woke up rubbing his face and recited 
ten verses from Surat "A1-" Imran. " Allah's Apostle went 
towards a leather skin and performed ablution in the most 
perfect way and then stood for the prayer. I did the same and 
stood beside him. The Prophet put his right hand on my head, 
twisted my ear and then prayed two rak" at five times and then 
ended his prayer with witr. He laid down till the Mu'adh-dhin 
came then he stood up and offered two rak" at (Sunna of Fajr 
prayer) and then went out and offered the Fajr prayer. (See 
Hadith No. 183, Vol. 1) 
2.107: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin "Umar : The Prophet said, "Night prayer 
is offered as two rak" at followed by two rak" at and so on, and 
if you want to finish it, pray only one rak" a which will be 
witr for all the previous rak" at . " Al-Qasim said, "Since we 
attained the age of puberty we have seen some people offering 
a three- rak" at prayer as witr and all that is permissible. I 
hope there will be no harm in it . " 
2.108: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to pray eleven rak" at at night and that 
was his night prayer and each of his prostrations lasted for a 
period enough for one of you to recite fifty verses before 
Allah's Apostle raised his head. He also used to pray two 
rak" at (Sunna) before the (compulsory) Fajr prayer and then 
lie down on his right side till the Mu ' adh-dhin came to him 
for the prayer. 
2.109: 

Narrated Anas bin Seereen : I asked Ibn " Umar, "What is your 
opinion about the two rak" at before the Fajr (compulsory) 
prayer, as to prolonging the recitation in them?" He said, 
"The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to pray at night two rak" at 



followed by two and so on, and end the prayer by one rak" a 
witr. He used to offer two rak" at before the Fajr prayer 
Immediately after the Adhan . " (Hammad, the sub-narrator said, 

"That meant (that he prayed) quickly.)" 

2.110: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle offered witr prayer at different nights at 

various hours extending (from the "Isha' prayer) up to the 

last hour of the night . 

2.111: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to offer his night prayer while I 

was sleeping across in his bed. Whenever he intended to offer 

the witr prayer, he used to wake me up and I would offer the 

witr prayer too. 

2.112: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin "Umar: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, 

"Make witr as your last prayer at night . " 

2.113: 

Narrated Sa"id bin Yasar: I was going to Mecca in the company 

of "Abdullah bin "Umar and when I apprehended the approaching 

dawn, I dismounted and offered the witr prayer and then joined 

him. "Abdullah bin "Umar said, "Where have you been?" I 

replied, "I apprehended the approaching dawn so I dismounted 

and prayed the witr prayer. " "Abdullah said, "Isn't it 

sufficient for you to follow the good example of Allah's 

Apostle?" I replied, "Yes, by Allah." He said, "Allah's 

Apostle used to pray witr on the back of the camel (while on a 

journey) . " 

2.114: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet used to offer (Nawafil) 

prayers on his Rahila (mount) facing its direction by signals, 

but not the compulsory prayer. He also used to pray witr on 

his (mount) Rahila. 

2.115: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Seereen: Anas was asked, "Did the 

Prophet recite Qunut in the Fajr prayer?" Anas replied in the 

affirmative. He was further asked, "Did he recite Qunut before 



bowing?" Anas replied, "He recited Qunut after bowing for some 

time (for one month) . " 

2.116: 

Narrated ^Asim: 

I asked Anas bin Malik about the Qunut . Anas replied, 

"Definitely it was (recited) " . I asked, "Before bowing or 
after it?" Anas replied, "Before bowing. " I added, "So and so 
has told me that you had informed him that it had been after 
bowing. " Anas said, "He told an untruth (i.e. "was mistaken, " 
according to the Hijazi dialect) . Allah's Apostle recited 
Qunut after bowing for a period of one month. " Anas added, 

"The Prophet sent about seventy men (who knew the Qur'an by 

heart) towards the pagans (of Najd) who were less than they in 

number and there was a peace treaty between them and Allah's 

Apostles (but the Pagans broke the treaty and killed the 

seventy men). So Allah's Apostle recited Qunut for a period of 

one month asking Allah to punish them. " 

2.117: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet recited Qunut for one 

month (in the Fajr prayer) asking Allah to punish the tribes 

of Ral and Dhakwan . 

2.118: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Qunut used to be recited in the Maghrib and the Fajr 

prayers . 

Bk. 17: Invoking Allah for Rain (Istisqaa) 



2.119: 

Narrated " Abbas bin Tamim's uncle: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) went 

out to offer the Istisqa ' prayer and turned (and put on) his 

cloak inside out. 

2.120: 

Narrated Abu Huraira; Whenever the Prophet (p.b.u.h) lifted 

his head from the bowing in the last rak^a he used to say: "0 

Allah! Save ^Aiyash bin Abi Rabija. Allah! Save Salama bin 



Hisham. O Allah! Save Walld bin Walld. O Allah! Save the weak 
faithful believers. O Allah! Be hard on the tribes of Mudar 
and send (famine) years on them like the famine years of 
(Prophet) Joseph . " The Prophet further said, "Allah forgive 
the tribes of Ghlfar and save the tribes of Aslam. " Abu 
Az-Zlnad (a sub-narrator) said, "The Qunut used to be recited 
by the Prophet in the Fajr prayer. " 
2.121: 

Narrated Masruq: 

We were with "Abdullah and he said, "When the Prophet saw the 
refusal of the people to accept Islam he said, "O Allah! Send 
(famine) years on them for (seven years) like the seven years 
(of famine during the time) of (Prophet) Joseph. " So famine 
overtook them for one year and destroyed every kind of life to 
such an extent that the people started eating hides, carcasses 
and rotten dead animals. Whenever one of them looked towards 
the sky, he would (imagine himself to) see smoke because of 
hunger. So Abu Sufyan went to the Prophet and said, "O 
Muhammad! You order people to obey Allah and to keep good 
relations with kith and kin. No doubt the people of your tribe 
are dying, so please pray to Allah for them. " So Allah 
revealed: "Then watch you For the day that The sky will bring 
forth a kind Of smoke Plainly visible . . . Verily! You will 
return (to disbelief) On the day when We shall seize You with 
a mighty grasp. (44 .10-16) Ibn Mas"ud added, "Al-Batsha (i.e. 
grasp) happened in the battle of Badr and no doubt smoke, 
Al-Batsha, Al-Lizam, and the verse of Surat Ar-Rum have all 
passed . 
2.122: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Dinar: My father said, "I heard Ibn 
"Umar reciting the poetic verses of Abu Talib: And a white 
(person) (i.e. the Prophet) who is requested to pray for rain 
and who takes care of the orphans and is the guardian of 
widows." Salim's father (Ibn "Umar) said, "The following 
poetic verse occurred to my mind while I was looking at the 
face of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) while he was praying for rain. 
He did not get down till the rain water flowed profusely from 
every roof -gutter: And a white (person) who is requested to 



pray for rain and who takes care of the orphans and is the 

guardian of widows . . . And these were the words of Abu 

Talib. " 

2.123: 

Narrated Anas: 

Whenever drought threatened them, "Umar bin Al-Khattab, used 

to ask Al-Abbas bin N Abdul Muttalib to invoke Allah for rain. 

He used to say, "O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke 

You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask 

his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allah ! Bless us with 

rain."(l) And so it would rain. 

2.124: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Zaid: The Prophet turned his cloak 

inside out on Istisqa. 

2.125: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Zaid The Prophet went towards the 

Musalla and invoked Allah for rain. He faced the Qibla and 

wore his cloak inside out, and offered two rak" at . 

2.126: 

Narrated Sharik bin "Abdullah bin Abi Namir: I heard Anas bin 

Malik saying, "On a Friday a person entered the main Mosque 

through the gate facing the pulpit while Allah's Apostle was 

delivering the Khutba. The man stood in front of Allah's 

Apostle and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! The livestock are dying 

and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah for rain. ' 

" Anas added, "Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) raised both his hands 

and said, 'O Allah! Bless us with rain! O Allah! Bless us with 

rain! O Allah! Bless us with rain! ' " Anas added, "By Allah, 

we could not see any trace of cloud in the sky and there was 

no building or a house between us and (the mountains of) 

Sila. " Anas added, "A heavy cloud like a shield appeared from 

behind it (i.e. Sila' Mountain) . When it came in the middle of 

the sky, it spread and then rained. " Anas further said, "By 

Allah! We could not see the sun for a week. Next Friday a 

person entered through the same gate and at that time Allah's 

Apostle was delivering the Friday's Khutba. The man stood in 

front of him and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! The livestock are 

dying and the roads are cut off, please pray to Allah to 



withhold rain. ' " Anas added, "Allah's Apostle I raised both 
his hands and said, 'O Allah! Round about us and not on us . O 
Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, In the 
valleys and on the places where trees grow. ' So the rain 
stopped and we came out walking In the sun. " Sharlk asked Anas 
whether It was the same person who had asked for the rain (the 
last Friday) . Anas replied that he did not know. 
2.127: 

Narrated Sharlk: 

Anas bin Malik said, "A person entered the Mosque on a Friday 
through the gate facing the Darll-Qada' and Allah's Apostle 
was standing delivering the Khutba (sermon) . The man stood In 
front of Allah's Apostle and said, 'O Allah's Apostle, 
livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; please pray to 
Allah for rain. ' So Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) raised both his 
hands and said, 'O Allah! Bless us with rain. O Allah! Bless 
us with rain. O Allah! Bless us with rain!" Anas added, "By 
Allah, there were no clouds In the sky and there was no house 
or building between us and the mountain of Slla ' . Then a big 
cloud like a shield appeared from behind It (I.e. Silas 
Mountain) and when It came In the middle of the sky, It spread 
and then rained. By Allah! We could not see the sun for a 
week. The next Friday, a person entered through the same gate 
and Allah's Apostle was delivering the Friday Khutba and the 
man stood In front of him and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! The 
livestock are dying and the roads are cut off; Please pray to 
Allah to withhold rain. ' " Anas added, "Allah's Apostle raised 
both his hands and said, 'O Allah! Round about us and not on 
us. O Allah! ' On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, 
In the valleys and on the places where trees grow. ' " Anas 
added, "The rain stopped and we came out, walking In the sun. " 
Sharlk asked Anas whether It was the same person who had asked 
for rain the previous Friday. Anas replied that he did not 
know. 
2.128: 

Narrated Qatada: 

Anas I said, "While Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) was delivering 
the Friday Khutba (sermon) a man came and said, 'O Allah ' s 



Apostle! Rain is scarce; please ask Allah to bless us with 
rain. ' So he invoked Allah for it, and it rained so much that 
we could hardly reach our homes and it continued raining till 
the next Friday. " Anas further said, "Then the same or some 
other person stood up and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Invoke 
Allah to withhold the rain. ' On that, Allah's Apostle I said, 

'O Allah! Round about us and not on us . ' " Anas added, "I saw 
the clouds dispersing right and left and it continued to rain 
but not over Medina. " 
2.129: 

Narrated Anas: 

A man came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and said, "Livestock are 
destroyed and the roads are cut off. " So Allah's Apostle 
invoked Allah for rain and it rained from that Friday till the 
next Friday. The same person came again and said, "Houses have 
collapsed, roads are cut off, and the livestock are destroyed. 
Please pray to Allah to withhold the rain. " Allah's Apostle 

(stood up and) said, "O Allah! (Let it rain) on the plateaus, 
on the hills, in the valleys and over the places where trees 
grow. " So the clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are 
taken off . 
2.130: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: A man came to Allah's Apostle and 
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Livestock are destroyed and the 
roads are cut off. So please invoke Allah. " So Allah's Apostle 
prayed and it rained from that Friday to the next Friday. Then 
he came to Allah's Apostle I and said, "O Allah's Apostle! 
Houses have collapsed, roads are cut off and the livestock are 
destroyed. " So Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) prayed, "O Allah! 

(Let it rain) on the tops of mountains , on the plateaus, in 

the valleys and over the places where trees grow. " So the 

clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are taken off. 

2.131: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik I p man complained to the Prophet 

about the destruction of livestock and property and the hunger 

of the offspring. So he invoked (Allah for rain. The narrator 

(Anas) did not mention that the Prophet had worn his cloak 
inside out or faced the Qibla. 



2.132: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik A man came to Allah's Apostle and 
said, "O Allah's Apostle! Livestock are destroyed and the 
roads are cut off; so please invoke Allah. " So Allah's Apostle 
prayed for rain and it rained from that Friday till the next 
Friday. Then a man came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! The houses have collapsed, roads are cut off 
and the livestock are destroyed. " So Allah's Apostle said, "O 
Allah ! (Let it rain) on the tops of the mountains , on the 
plateaus, in the valleys and over the places where trees 
grow. " So the clouds cleared away from Medina as clothes are 
taken off. 
2.133: 

Narrated Masruq: 

One day I went to Ibn Mas"ud who said, "When Quraish delayed 
in embracing Islam, the Prophet I invoked Allah to curse them, 
so they were afflicted with a (famine) year because of which 
many of them died and they ate the carcasses and Abu Sufyan 
came to the Prophet and said, 'O Muhammad! You came to order 
people to keep good relation with kith and kin and your nation 
is being destroyed, so invoke Allah I ? So the Prophet I 
recited the Holy verses of Sirat-Ad-Dukhan: 'Then watch you 
For the day that The sky will Bring forth a kind Of smoke 
Plainly visible. ' (44.10) When the famine was taken off, the 
people renegade once again as nonbelievers . The statement of 
Allah, (in Sura "Ad-Dukhan"-44) refers to that: 'On the day 
when We shall seize You with a mighty grasp. ' (44.16) And that 
was what happened on the day of the battle of Badr. " Asbath 
added on the authority of Mansur, "Allah ' s Apostle prayed for 
them and it rained heavily for seven days. So the people 
complained of the excessive rain. The Prophet said, 'O Allah! 
(Let it rain) around us and not on us . ' So the clouds 
dispersed over his head and it rained over the surroundings. " 
2.134: 

Narrated Anas: 

Allah's Apostle I was delivering the Khutba (sermon) on a 
Friday when the people stood up, shouted and said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! There is no rain (drought) , the trees have dried and 



the livestock are destroyed; Please pray to Allah for rain. " 

So Allah's Apostle said twice, "O Allah! Bless us with rain. " 

By Allah, there was no trace of cloud in the sky and suddenly 

the sky became overcast with clouds and it started raining. 

The Prophet came down the pulpit and offered the prayer. When 

he came back from the prayer (to his house) it was raining and 

it rained continuously till the next Friday. When the Prophet 

started delivering the Friday Khutba (sermon) , the people 

started shouting and said to him, "The houses have collapsed 

and the roads are cut off; so please pray to Allah to withhold 

the rain. " So the Prophet smiled and said, "O Allah! Round 

about us and not on us. " So the sky became clear over Medina 

but it kept on raining over the outskirts (of Medina) and not 

a single drop of rain fell over Median. I looked towards the 

sky which was as bright and clear as a crown. 

2.135: 

Narrated " Abbas bin Tamim that his uncle (who was one of the 

companions of the Prophet) had told him, "The Prophet went out 

with the people to invoke Allah for rain for them. He stood up 

and invoked Allah for rain, then faced the Qibla and turned 

his cloak (inside out) and it rained. " 

2.136: 

Narrated * Abbas bin Tamim from his uncle who said, "The 

Prophet went out to invoke Allah for rain. He faced the Qibla 

invoking Allah. He turned over his cloak (inside out) and then 

offered two rak^at and recited the Qur'an aloud in them." 

2.131: 

Narrated " Abbas bin Tamim from his uncle, "I saw the Prophet 

on the day when he went out to offer the Istisqa ' prayer. He 

turned his back towards the people and faced the Qibla and 

asked Allah for rain. Then he turned his cloak inside out and 

led us in a two rak^at prayer and recited the Qur'an aloud in 

them. " 

2.138: 

Narrated " Abbas bin Tamim from his uncle who said, "The 

Prophet invoked Allah for rain and offered a two rak^at prayer 

and he put his cloak inside out . " 

2.139: 



Narrated * Abbas bin Tamlm from his uncle who said, "The 
Prophet went out to the Musalla to offer the Istisqa ' prayer, 
faced the Qibla and offered a two-rak^ at prayer and turned his 
cloak inside out. " Narrated Abu Bakr, "The Prophet put the 
right side of his cloak on his left side. " 
2.140: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin Zaid Al-Ansari: The Prophet went out 
towards the Musalla in order to offer the Istisqa ' prayer and 
when he intended to invoke (Allah) or started invoking, he 
faced the Qibla and turned his cloak inside out . 
2.141: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik The Prophet never raised his hands for 
any invocation except for that of Istisqa ' and he used to 
raise them so much that the whiteness of his armpits became 
visible. (Note: It may be that Anas did not see the Prophet 
raising his hands, but it is narrated that the Prophet used to 
raise his hands for invocations other than Istisqa. See Hadith 
No. 801 & 808 and also see Hadith No. 612, Vol. 5). 
2.142: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Whenever Allah's Apostle saw the rain, he used to say, "O 
Allah! Let it be a strong fruitful rain. " 
2.143: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: In the lifetime of Allah's Apostle 
(p.b.u.h) the people were afflicted with a (famine) year. 
While the Prophet was delivering the Khutba (sermon) on the 
pulpit on a Friday, a Bedouin stood up and said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! The livestock are dying and the families (offspring) 
are hungry: please pray to Allah to bless us with rain. " 
Allah's Apostle raised both his hands towards the sky and at 
that time there was not a trace of cloud in they sky. Then the 
clouds started gathering like mountains. Before he got down 
from the pulpit I saw rainwater trickling down his beard. It 
rained that day, the next day, the third day, the fourth day 
and till the next Friday, when the same Bedouin or some other 
person stood up (during the Friday Khutba) and said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! The houses have collapsed and the livestock 
are drowned. Please invoke Allah for us. " So Allah's Apostle 



raised both his hands and said, "O Allah! Around us and not on 

us. " Whichever side the Prophet directed his hand, the clouds 

dispersed from there till a hole (in the clouds) was formed 

over Medina. The valley of Qanat remained flowing (with water) 

for one month and none, came from outside who didn 't talk 

about the abundant rain. 

2.144: 

Narrated Anas: 

Whenever a strong wind blew, anxiety appeared on the face of 

the Prophet (fearing that wind might be a sign of Allah's 

wrath) . 

2.145: 

Narrated Ibn s Abbas: The Prophet said, "I was granted victory 

with As-Saba and the nation of 'Ad was destroyed by Ad-Dabur 

(westerly wind) . 
2.146: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The Hour (Last Day) 
will not be established until (religious) knowledge will be 
taken away (by the death of religious learned men) , 
earthquakes will be very frequent, time will pass quickly, 
afflictions will appear, murders will increase and money will 
overflow amongst you. " (See Hadith No. 85 Vol 1) . 
2.147: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: (The Prophet) said, "O Allah! Bless our 
Sham and our Yemen . " People said, "Our Najd as well . " The 
Prophet again said, "O Allah! Bless our Sham and Yemen. " They 
said again, "Our Najd as well. " On that the Prophet said, 

"There will appear earthquakes and afflictions, and from there 
will come out the side of the head of Satan. " 
2.148: 

Narrated Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani: Allah's Apostle led the 
morning prayer in Al-Hudaibiya and it had rained the previous 
night. When the Prophet (p.b.u.h) had finished the prayer he 
faced the people and said, "Do you know what your Lord has 
said?" They replied, "Allah and His Apostle know better. " (The 
Prophet said), "Allah says, 'In this morning some of My 
worshipers remained as true believers and some became 
non-believers ; he who said that it had rained with the 



blessing and mercy of Allah is the one who believes in Me and 
does not believe in star, but he who said it had rained 
because of such and such (star) is a disbeliever in Me and is 
a believer in star. ' " 
2.149: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Keys of 
the unseen knowledge are five which nobody knows but Allah . . 
. nobody knows what will happen tomorrow; nobody knows what is 
in the womb; nobody knows what he will gain tomorrow; nobody 
knows at what place he will die; and nobody knows when it will 
rain. " 



Bk. 18: Eclipses 

2.150: 

Narrated Abu Bakra: We were with Allah's Apostle when the sun 
eclipsed. Allah ' s Apostle stood up dragging his cloak till he 
entered the Mosque. He led us in a two-rak" at prayer till the 
sun (eclipse) had cleared. Then the Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, 

"The sun and the moon do not eclipse because of someone's 
death. So whenever you see these eclipses pray and invoke 

(Allah) till the eclipse is over. " 
2.151: 

Narrated Abu Mas^ud: The Prophet said, "The sun and the moon 
do not eclipse because of the death of someone from the people 
but they are two signs amongst the signs of Allah. When you 
see them stand up and pray. " 
2.152: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet said, "The sun and the moon do 
not eclipse because of the death or life (i.e. birth) of 
someone but they are two signs amongst the signs of Allah. 
When you see them offer the prayer. " 
2.153: 

Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu^ba: "The sun eclipsed in the 
lifetime of Allah's Apostle on the day when (his son) Ibrahim 
died. So the people said that the sun had eclipsed because of 



the death of Ibrahim. Allah's Apostle said, "The sun and the 
moon do not eclipse because of the death or life (i.e. birth) 
of someone. When you see the eclipse pray and invoke Allah. " 
2.154: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

In the lifetime of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) the sun eclipsed, 
so he led the people in prayer, and stood up and performed a 
long Qiyam, then bowed for a long while. He stood up again and 
performed a long Qiyam but this time the period of standing 
was shorter than the first . He bowed again for a long time but 
shorter than the first one, then he prostrated and prolonged 
the prostration. He did the same in the second rak^a as he did 
in the first and then finished the prayer; by then the sun 

(eclipse) had cleared. He delivered the Khutba (sermon) and 
after praising and glorifying Allah he said, "The sun and the 
moon are two signs against the signs of Allah; they do not 
eclipse on the death or life of anyone. So when you see the 
eclipse, remember Allah and say Takbir, pray and give Sadaqa. " 
The Prophet then said, "O followers of Muhammad! By Allah! 
There is none who has more ghaira (self-respect) than Allah as 
He has forbidden that His slaves, male or female commit 
adultery (illegal sexual intercourse) . O followers of 
Muhammad! By Allah! If you knew that which I know you would 
laugh little and weep much. 
2.155: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Amr : "When the sun eclipsed in the 
lifetime of Allah's Apostle an announcement was made that a 
prayer was to be offered in congregation . " 
2.156: 
Narrated "Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) In the lifetime of the 
Prophet the sun eclipsed and he went to the Mosque and the 
people aligned behind him. He said the Takbir (starting the 
prayer) and prolonged the recitation (from the Qur'an) and 
then said Takbir and performed a prolonged bowing; then he 

(lifted his head and) said, "Sami allahu liman hamidah" (Allah 
heard him who sent his praises to Him) . He then did not 
prostrate but stood up and recited a prolonged recitation 



which was shorter than the first recitation. He again said 
Takbir and then bowed a prolonged bowing but shorter than the 
first one and then said, "Sami"a 1-lahu Lyman hamidah Rabbana 
walak-lhamd, (Allah heard him who sent his praises to Him. O 
our Sustainer! All the praises are for You) " and then 
prostrated and did the same in the second rak^a; thus he 
completed four bowing and four prostrations . The sun (eclipse) 
had cleared before he finished the prayer. (After the prayer) 
he stood up, glorified and praised Allah as He deserved and 
then said, "The sun and the moon are two of the signs of 
Allah. They do not eclipse because of the death or the life 

(i.e. birth) of someone. When you see them make haste for the 
prayer. " Narrated Az-Zuhri : I said to 'Ursa, "When the sun 
eclipsed at Medina your brother (^Abdullah bin Az-Zubair) 
offered only a two-rak* at prayer like that of the morning 

(Fajr) prayer. " 'Ursa replied, "Yes, for he missed the 
Prophet 's tradition (concerning this matter) . " 
2.157: 
Narrated Aisha: 

(the wife of the Prophet) On the day when the sun Khasafat 

(eclipsed) Allah's Apostle prayed; he stood up and said Takbir 
and recited a prolonged recitation, then he performed a 
prolonged bowing, then he raised his head and said, "Sami^a 
1-lahu Lyman Hamidah, " and then remained standing and recited 
a prolonged recitation which was shorter than the first . Then 
he performed a prolonged bowing which was shorter than the 
first . Then he prostrated and prolonged the prostration and he 
did the same in the second rak^a as in the first and then 
finished the prayer with Taslim. By that time the sun 

(eclipse) had cleared He addressed the people and said, "The 
sun and the moon are two of the signs of Allah; they do not 
eclipse (Yakhsifan) because of the death or the life (i.e. 
birth) of someone. So when you see them make haste for the 
prayer. " 
2.158: 

Narrated Abu Bakra: Allah's Apostle said: "The sun and the 
moon are two signs amongst the signs of Allah and they do not 
eclipse because of the death of someone but Allah frightens 



His devotees with them. " 
2.159: 

Narrated ^Amra bint s Abdur-Rahman : A Jewess came to ask * Aisha 
(the wife of the Prophet) about something. She said to her, 
"May Allah give you refuge from the punishment of the grave. " 
So " Aisha ' asked Allah ' s Apostle "Would the people be 
punished in their graves?" Allah's Apostle after seeking 
refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave (and thus 
replied in the affirmative) . Then one day, Allah ' s Apostle 
rode to go to some place but the sun eclipsed. He returned in 
the forenoon and passed through the rear of the dwellings (of 
his wives) and stood for the (eclipse) prayer, and the people 
stood behind him. He stood up for a long period and then 
performed a prolonged bowing which was shorter than the first 
bowing. Then he raised his head and prostrated. Then he stood 
up (for the second rak^a) for a long while but the standing 
was shorter than that of the first rak^a. Then he performed a 
prolonged bowing which was shorter than the first one. Then he 
raised his head and prostrated. Then he stood up for a long 
time but shorter than the first . Then he performed a prolonged 
bowing but shorter than the first. Then he raised his head and 
prostrated and finished the prayer and (then delivered the 
sermon and) said as much as Allah wished. And then he ordered 
the people to seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of 
the grave. 
2.160: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin % Amr When the sun eclipsed in the 
lifetime of Allah's Apostle and an announcement was made that 
the prayer was to be held in congregation. The Prophet 
performed two bowing in one rak^a. Then he stood up and 
performed two bowing in one rak^a. Then he sat down and 
finished the prayer; and by then the (eclipse) had cleared 
" Aisha said, "I had never performed such a long prostration. " 
2.161: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin s Abbas: The sun eclipsed in the 
lifetime of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) . Allah's Apostle offered 
the eclipse prayer and stood for a long period equal to the 
period in which one could recite Surat-al-Baqara . Then he 



bowed for a long time and then stood up for a long period 
which was shorter than that of the first standing, then bowed 
again for a long time but for a shorter period than the first; 
then he prostrated twice and then stood up for a long period 
which was shorter than that of the first standing; then he 
bowed for a long time which was shorter than the previous one, 
and then he raised his head and stood up for a long period 
which was shorter than the first standing, then he bowed for a 
long time which was shorter than the first bowing, and then 
prostrated (twice) and finished the prayer. By then, the sun 

(eclipse) had cleared. The Prophet then said, "The sun and the 
moon are two of the signs of Allah. They eclipse neither 
because of the death of somebody nor because of his life (i.e. 
birth) . So when you see them, remember Allah. " The people say, 

"O Allah's Apostle! We saw you taking something from your 
place and then we saw you retreating . " The Prophet replied, "I 
saw Paradise and stretched my hands towards a bunch (of its 
fruits) and had I taken it, you would have eaten from it as 
long as the world remains. I also saw the Hell-fire and I had 
never seen such a horrible sight . I saw that most of the 
inhabitants were women. " The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! 
Why is it so?" The Prophet replied, "Because of their 
ungratefulness . " It was asked whether they are ungrateful to 
Allah. The Prophet said, "They are ungrateful to their 
companions of life (husbands) and ungrateful to good deeds. If 
you are benevolent to one of them throughout the life and if 
she sees anything (undesirable) in you, she will say, 'I have 
never had any good from you. ' " 
2.162: 

Narrated Fatima bint Al-Mundhir : Asma ' bint Al Bakr said, "I 
came to ^Aisha the wife of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) during the 
solar eclipse. The people were standing and offering the 
prayer and she was also praying too. I asked her, 'What has 
happened to the people?' She pointed out with her hand towards 
the sky and said, ' Subhan- Allah ' . I said, 'Is there a sign?' 
She pointed out in the affirmative. " Asma' further said, "I 
too then stood up for the prayer till I fainted and then 
poured water on my head. When Allah's Apostle had finished his 



prayer, he thanked and praised Allah and said, 'I have seen at 
this place of mine what I have never seen even Paradise and 
Hell. No doubt, it has been inspired to me that you will be 
put to trial in the graves like or nearly like the trial of 
(Masih) Ad-Da jjal . (I do not know which one of the two Asma ' 
said.) (The angels) will come to everyone of you and will ask 
what do you know about this man (i.e. Muhammad). The believer 
or a firm believer (I do not know which word Asma ' said) will 
reply, 'He is Muhammad, Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) who came to 
us with clear evidences and guidance, so we accepted his 
teachings, believed and followed him. ' The angels will then 
say to him, 'Sleep peacefully as we knew surely that you were 
a firm believer . ' The hypocrite or doubtful person (I do not 
know which word Asma' said) will say, 'I do not know. I heard 
the people saying something so I said it (the same) . ' " 
2.163: 

Narrated Asma: 

No doubt the Prophet ordered people to manumit slaves during 
the solar eclipse. 
2.164: 

Narrated "Amra bint s Abdur-Rahman : A Jewess came to "Aisha to 
ask her about something and then she said, "May Allah give you 
refuge from the punishment of the grave. " So ^Aisha asked 
Allah's Apostle, "Would the people be punished in their 
graves?" Allah's Apostle asked Allah's refuge from the 
punishment of the grave (indicating an affirmative reply) . 
Then one day Allah's Apostle rode (to leave for some place) 
but the sun eclipsed. He returned on the forenoon and passed 
through the rear of the dwellings (of his wives) and stood up 
and started offering the (eclipse) prayer and the people stood 
behind him. He stood for a long period and then performed a 
long bowing and then stood straight for a long period which 
was shorter than that of the first standing, then he performed 
a prolonged bowing which was shorter than the first bowing, 
then he raised his head and prostrated for a long time and 
then stood up (for the second rak" a) for a long while, but the 
standing was shorter than the standing of the first rak^a. 
Then he performed a prolonged bowing which was shorter than 



that of the first one. He then stood up for a long time but 

shorter than the first, then again performed a long bowing 

which was shorter than the first and then prostrated for a 

shorter while than that of the first prostration. Then he 

finished the prayer and delivered the sermon and) said what 

Allah wished; and ordered the people to seek refuge with Allah 

from the punishment of the grave. 

2.165: 

Narrated Abu Mas^ud: Allah's Apostle said, "The sun and the 

moon do not eclipse because of someone's death or life but 

they are two signs amongst the signs of Allah, so pray 

whenever you see them. " 

2.166: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

In the lifetime of the Prophet the sun eclipsed and the 

Prophet (p.b.u.h) stood up to offer the prayer with the people 

and recited a long recitation, then he performed a prolonged 

bowing, and then lifted his head and recited a prolonged 

recitation which was shorter than the first . Then he performed 

a prolonged bowing which was shorter than the first and then 

lifted his head and performed two prostrations . He then stood 

up for the second rak" a and offered it like the first. Then he 

stood up and said, "The sun and the moon do not eclipse 

because of someone's life or death but they are two signs 

amongst the signs of Allah which He shows to His worshipers . 

So whenever you see them, make haste for the prayer. " 

2.167: 

Narrated Abu Musa: The sun eclipsed and the Prophet got up, 

being afraid that it might be the Hour (i.e. Day of Judgment) . 

He went to the Mosque and offered the prayer with the longest 

Qiyam, bowing and prostration that I had ever seen him doing. 

Then he said, "These signs which Allah sends do not occur 

because of the life or death of somebody, but Allah makes His 

worshipers afraid by them. So when you see anything thereof, 

proceed to remember Allah, invoke Him and ask for His 

forgiveness . " 

2.168: 

Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu"ba : On the day of Ibrahim's 



death, the sun eclipsed and the people said that the eclipse 

was due to the death of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet) . 

Allah's Apostle said, "The sun and the moon are two signs 

amongst the signs of Allah. They do not eclipse because of 

someone's death or life. So when you see them, invoke Allah 

and pray till the eclipse is clear. " 

2.169: 

Narrated Abu Bakra : In the lifetime of the Prophet the sun 

eclipsed and then he offered a two rak" at prayer. 

2.170: 

Narrated Abu Bakra: In the lifetime of the Allah's Apostle 

(p.b.u.h) the sun eclipsed and he went out dragging his 
clothes till he reached the Mosque. The people gathered around 
him and he led them and offered two rak" at . When the sun 

(eclipse) cleared, he said, "The sun and the moon are two 

signs amongst the signs of Allah; they do not eclipse because 

of the death of someone, and so when an eclipse occurs, pray 

and invoke Allah till the eclipse is over. " It happened that a 

son of the Prophet called Ibrahim died on that day and the 

people were talking about that (saying that the eclipse was 

caused by his death) . 

2.171: 

Narrated Aisha: 

The Prophet led us and performed four bowing in two rak" at 

during the solar eclipse and the first rak" a was longer. 

2.172: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) recited (the Qur'an) aloud during the 

eclipse prayer and when he had finished the eclipse prayer he 

said the Takbir and bowed. When he stood straight from bowing 

he would say "Sami ' al-l-ahu Lyman hamidah Rabbana wa laka 

1-hamd. " And he would again start reciting. In the eclipse 

prayer there are four bowing and four prostrations in two 

rak" at . Al-Auza'i and others said that they had heard Az-Zuhi 

from 'Ursa from "Aisha saying, "In the lifetime of Allah's 

Apostle the sun eclipsed, and he made a person to announce: 

'Prayer in congregation. ' He led the prayer and performed four 
bowing and four prostrations in two rak" at . " Narrated Al-Walid 



that * Abdur -Rahman bin Namlr had Informed him that he had 
heard the same. Ibn Shihab heard the same. Az-Zuhri said, "I 
asked ('Ursa), 'What did your brother " Abdullah bin Az-Zubair 
do? He prayed two rak^at (of the eclipse prayer) like the 
morning prayer, when he offered the (eclipse) prayer in 
Median. ' 'Ursa replied that he had missed (i.e. did not pray 
according to) the Prophet 's tradition. " Sulaiman bin Kathir 
and Sufyan bin Husain narrated from Az-Zuhri that the prayer 
for the eclipse used to be offered with loud recitation. 

Bk. 19: Prostration During Recital of Qur'an 

2.173: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Mas*ud : The Prophet recited 
Suratan-Najm (103) at Mecca and prostrated while reciting it 
and those who were with him did the same except an old man who 
took a handful of small stones or earth and lifted it to his 
forehead and said, "This is sufficient for me. " Later on, I 
saw him killed as a non-believer . 
2.174: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: On Fridays the Prophet used to recite 
Alf Lam Mim Tanzil-As-Sajda (in the first rak^a) and Hal 
ata ' alal-lnsani i.e. Suratad-Dahr (LXXVI) (in the second 
rak" a) , in the Fajr prayer. 
2.175: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The prostration of Sa^d is not a 
compulsory one but I saw the Prophet prostrating while 
reciting it . 
2.176: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Mas^ud: The Prophet recited 
Surat-an-Najm (53) and prostrated while reciting it and all 
the people prostrated and a man amongst the people took a 
handful of stones or earth and raised it to his face and said, 
"This is sufficient for me. Later on I saw him killed as a 
Non-believer. " 
2.177: 



Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet I prostrated while reciting 

An-Najm and with him prostrated the Muslims, the pagans, the 

jinns, and all human beings. 

2.178: 

Narrated "Ata ' bin Yasar: I asked Zaid bin Thabit about 

prostration on which he said that he had recited An-Najm 

before the Prophet, yet he (the Prophet) had not performed a 

prostration . 

2.179: 

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: I recited An-Najm before the 

Prophet, yet he did not perform a prostration. 

2.180: 

Narrated Abu Salma: I saw Abu Huraira reciting Idha-Sama' 

un-Shaqqat and he prostrated during its recitation. I asked 

Abu Huraira, "Didn't I see you prostrating?" Abu Huraira said, 

"Had I not seen the Prophet prostrating, I would not have 
prostrated. " 
2.181: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: When the Prophet recited a Sura that 
contained the prostration he would prostrate and we would do 
the same and some of us (because of the heavy rush) could not 
find a place for prostration. 
2.182: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar, When the Prophet recited Surat As-Sajda 
and we were with him, he would prostrate and we also would 
prostrate with him and some of us (because of the heavy rush) 
would not find a place (for our foreheads) to prostrate on. 
2.183: 
Narrated Rabi " a : 

"Umar bin Al-Khattab recited Surat-an-Nahl on a Friday on the 
pulpit and when he reached the verse of Sajda he got down from 
the pulpit and prostrated and the people also prostrated. The 
next Friday ^Umar bin Al-Khattab recited the same Sura and 
when he reached the verse of Sajda he said, "O people! When we 
recite the verses of Sajda (during the sermon) whoever 
prostrates does the right thing, yet it is no sin for the one 
who does not prostrate . " And ^Umar did not prostrate (that 
day) . Added Ibn *Umar "Allah has not made the prostration of 



recitation compulsory but if we wish we can do it. " 

2.184: 

Narrated Abu Rafi* : I offered the v Jsha' prayer behind Abu 

Huraira and he recited Idhas-Sama ' Un-Shaqqat, and prostrated. 

I said, "What is this?" Abu Huraira said, "I prostrated behind 

Abul-Qasim and I will do the same till I meet him. " 

2.185: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar. Whenever the Prophet recited the Sura 

which contained the prostration of recitation he used to 

prostrate and then, we, too, would prostrate and some of us 

did not find a place for prostration. 

Bk. 20: Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) 

2.186: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas : The Prophet once stayed for nineteen 

days and prayed shortened prayers. So when we travel led (and 

stayed) for nineteen days, we used to shorten the prayer but 

if we traveled (and stayed) for a longer period we used to 

offer the full prayer. 

2.181: 

Narrated Yahya bin 'Is-haq: I heard Anas saying, "We traveled 

with the Prophet from Medina to Mecca and offered two rak^at 

(for every prayer) till we returned to Medina. " I said, "Did 
you stay for a while in Mecca?" He replied, "We stayed in 
Mecca for ten days. " 
2.188: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: I offered the prayer with the 
Prophet, Abu Bakr and "Umar at Mina and it was of two rak^at. 

"Uthman in the early days of his caliphate did the same, but 

later on he started praying the full prayer. 

2.189: 

Narrated Haritha bin Wahab: The Prophet I led us in the prayer 

at Mina during the peace period by offering two rak^at. 

2.190: 

Narrated "Abdur Rahman bin Yazid: We offered a four rak^at 



prayer at Mlna behind Ibn "Affan . x Abdullah bin Mas"ud was 

Informed about It . He said sadly, "Truly to Allah we belong 

and truly to Him we shall return. " And added, "I prayed two 

rak" at with Allah's Apostle at Mlna and similarly with Abu 

Bakr and with "Umar (during their caliphates) . " He further 

said, "May I be lucky enough to have two of the four rak* at 

accepted (by Allah) . " 

2.191: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet and his companions reached 

Mecca In the morning of the 4th Dhul-Hljja reciting Talblya (O 

Allah! We are obedient to your orders, we respond 4 to your 

call) . . . Intending to perform Hajj. The Prophet ordered his 

companions to assume the lhram for Umra Instead of Hajj, 

excepting those who had Hadl (sacrifice) with them. 

2.192: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet said, "A woman should not 

travel for more than three days except with a Dhl-Mahram (I.e. 

a male with whom she cannot marry at all, e.g. her brother, 

father, grandfather, etc.) or her own husband. ) " 

2.193: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet said, "A woman should not 

travel for more than three days except with a Dhl-Mahram. " 

2.194: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "It Is not 

permissible for a woman who believes In Allah and the Last Day 

to travel for one day and night except with a Mahram. " 

2.195: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik : offered four rak* at of Zuhr prayer 

with the Prophet (p.b.u.h) at Medina and two rak* at at 

Dhul-Hulalfa. (I.e. shortened the "Asr prayer). 

2.196: 

Narrated "Alsha : 

"When the prayers were first enjoined they were of two rak" at 

each. Later the prayer In a journey was kept as It was but the 

prayers for non-travelers were completed. " Az-Zuhrl said, "I 

asked "Urwa what made Alsha pray the full prayers (In 

journey) . " He replied, "She did the same as "Uthman did. " 

2.197: 



Narrated " Abdullah bin "Umar: "I saw Allah's Apostle delaying 
the Maghrib prayer till he offered it along with the "Isha' 
prayer whenever he was in a hurry during the journey. " Salim 
narrated, "Ibn "Umar used to do the same whenever he was in a 
hurry during the journey. " And Salim added, "Ibn "Umar used to 
pray the Maghrib and "Isha' prayers together in Al-Muzdalifa. " 
Salim said, "Ibn "Umar delayed the Maghrib prayer because at 
that time he heard the news of the death of his wife Safiya 
bint Abi "Ubaid. I said to him, 'The prayer (is due) . ' He 
said, 'Go on.' Again I said, 'The prayer (is due). ' He said, 

'Go on, ' till we covered two or three miles. Then he got down, 
prayed and said, 'I saw the Prophet praying in this way, 
whenever he was in a hurry during the journey. ' "Abdullah (bin 

"Umar) added, "Whenever the Prophet was in a hurry, he used to 
delay the Maghrib prayer and then offer three rak" at (of the 
Maghrib) and perform Taslim, and after waiting for a short 
while, Iqama used to be pronounced for the "Isha' prayer when 
he would offer two rak" at and perform Taslim. He would never 
offer any optional prayer till the middle of the night (when 
he used to pray the Tahajjud) . " 
2.198: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin 'Amir from his father who said: I saw 
the Prophet (p.b.u.h) offering the prayer on his mount 

(Rahila) whatever direction it took. 
2.199: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah, The Prophet used to offer the 
Nawafil, while riding, facing a direction other than that of 
the Qibla. 
2.200: 

Narrated Nafi " ; 

Ibn "Umar (while on a journey) used to offer the prayer and 
the witr on his mount (Rahila) . He said that the Prophet used 
to do so. 
2.201: 
Narrated "Abdullah bin Dinar: On traveling, "Abdullah bin 

"Umar used to offer the prayer on his Mount by signs whatever 
direction it took. "Abdullah said that the Prophet used to do 
so. 



2.202: 

Narrated 'Amir bin Rabija, I saw the Prophet on his Mount 
praying Nawafil by nodding his head, whatever direction he 
faced, but Allah's Apostle never did the same in offering the 
compulsory prayers. Narrated Salim: At night ^Abdullah bin 

^Umar used to offer the prayer on the back of his animal 

during the journey and never cared about the direction he 

faced. Ibn *Umar said, "Allah's Apostle used to offer the 

optional prayer on the back of his Mount facing any direction 

and also used to pray the witr on it but never offered the 

compulsory prayer on it . " 

2.203: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah The Prophet used to pray (the 

Nawafil) on his Mount facing east and whenever he wanted to 

offer the compulsory prayer, he used to dismount and face the 

Qibla . 

2.204: 

Narrated Anas bin Seereen: We went to receive Anas bin Malik 

when he returned from Sham and met him at a place called 

' Ain-at-Tamr . I saw him praying riding the donkey, with his 
face to this direction, i.e. to the left of the Qibla. I said 
to him, "I have seen you offering the prayer in a direction 
other than that of the Qibla. " He replied, "If I had not seen 
Allah's Apostle doing it, I would not have done it. " 
2.205: 
Narrated Hafs bin "Asim: Ibn ^Umar went on a journey and said, 

"I accompanied the Prophet and he did not offer optional 
prayers during the journey, and Allah says: 'Verily! In 
Allah's Apostle you have a good example to follow. ' " (3 
3.21) 
2.206: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar : I accompanied Allah's Apostle and he 
never offered more than two rak^at during the journey. Abu 
Bakr, ^Umar and "Uthman used to do the same. 
2.207: 

Narrated Ibn Abu Laila: Only Um Hani told us that she had seen 
the Prophet (p.b.u.h) offering the Duha (forenoon prayer). She 
said, "On the day of the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet took a 



bath in my house and offered eight rak" at. I never saw him 
praying such a light prayer but he performed perfect 
prostration and bowing. Narrated "Abdullah bin Amir that his 
father had told him that he had seen the Prophet (p.b.u.h) 
praying Nawafil at night on the back of his Mount on a 
journey, facing whatever direction it took. 
2.208: 

Narrated Salim bin "Abdullah: Ibn "Umar said, "Allah's Apostle 
used to pray the Nawafil on the back of his Mount (carriage) 
by signs facing any direction. " Ibn "Umar used to do the same. 
2.209: 

Narrated Salim 's father: The Prophet used to offer the Maghrib 
and "Isha' prayers together whenever he was in a hurry on a 
journey. Narrated Ibn "Abbas: Allah's Apostle used to offer 
the Zuhr and "Asr prayers together on journeys, and also used 
to offer the Maghrib and "Isha' prayers together. Narrated 
Anas bin Malik: The Prophet used to offer the Maghrib and the 

"Isha' prayers together on journeys . 

2.210: 

Narrated Az-Zuhri : Salim told me, ""Abdullah bin "Umar said, 

'I saw Allah's Apostle delaying the Maghrib prayer till he 
offered it along with the " Isha prayer whenever he was in a 
hurry during the journey. ' " Salim said, "Abdullah bin "Umar 
used to do the same whenever he was in a hurry during the 
journey. After making the call for Iqama, for the Maghrib 
prayer he used to offer three rak" at and then perform Taslim. 
After waiting for a short while, he would pronounce the Iqama 
for the "Isha' prayer and offer two rak" at and perform Taslim. 
He never prayed any Nawafil in between the two prayers or 
after the "Isha' prayers till he got up in the middle of the 
night (for Tahajjud prayer) . " 
2.211: 

Narrated Anas: 

Allah's Apostle used to offer these two prayers together on 
journeys i.e. the Maghrib and the " Isha ' . 
2.212: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Whenever the Prophet started a 
journey before noon, he used to delay the Zuhr prayer till the 



time of "Asr and then offer them together; and if the sun 
declined (at noon) he used to offer the Zuhr prayer and then 
ride (for the journey) . 
2.213: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Whenever the Prophet started the 
journey before noon, he used to delay the Zuhr prayer till the 
time for the *Asr prayer and then he would dismount and pray 
them together; and whenever the sun declined before he started 
the journey he used to offer the Zuhr prayer and then ride 
(for the journey) . 
2.214: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle prayed in his house while sitting during his 
illness and the people prayed behind him standing and he 
pointed to them to sit down. When he had finished the prayer, 
he said, "The Imam is to be followed and so when he bows you 
should bow; and when he lifts his head you should also do the 
same. " 
2.215: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) fell down 
from a horse and his right side was either injured or 
scratched, so we went to inquire about his health. The time 
for the prayer became due and he offered the prayer while 
sitting and we prayed while standing . He said, "The Imam is to 
be followed; so if he says Takbir, you should also say Takbir, 
and if he bows you should also bow; and when he lifts his head 
you should also do the same and if he says: Sami" a 1-lahu 
liman hamidah (Allah hears whoever sends his praises to Him) 
you should say: Rabbana walakal-Hamd (O our Lord! All the 
praises are for You.") (See Hadith No. 656 Vol. 1) . 
2.216: 

Narrated " Imran bin Husain: (who had piles) I asked Allah's 
Apostle about the praying of a man while sitting. He said, "If 
he prays while standing it is better and he who prays while 
sitting gets half the reward of that who prays standing; and 
whoever prays while Lying gets half the reward of that who 
prays while sitting. " 
2.217: 



Narrated x Abdullah bin Buralda: x Imran bin Husaln had piles. 

Once Abu Ma mar narrated from x Imran bin Husaln had said, "I 

asked the Prophet (p.b.u.h) about the prayer of a person while 

sitting. He said, 'It Is better for one to pray standing; and 

whoever prays sitting gets half the reward of that who prays 

while standing; and whoever prays while Lying gets half the 

reward of that who prays while sitting. ' " 

2.218: 

Narrated x Imran bin Husaln: had piles, so I asked the Prophet 

about the prayer. He said, "Pray while standing and If you 

can 't, pray while sitting and If you cannot do even that, then 

pray Lying on your side. " 

2.219: 

Narrated Alsha: 

(the mother of the faithful believers) I never saw Allah ' s 
Apostle offering the night prayer while sitting except In his 
old age and then he used to recite while sitting and whenever 
he wanted to bow he would get up and recite thirty or forty 
verses (while standing) and then bow. 
2.220: 
Narrated " Alsha : 

(the mother of the faithful believers) Allah ' s Apostle (In his 
last days) used to pray sitting. He would recite while 
sitting, and when thirty or forty verses remained from the 
recitation he would get up and recite them while standing and 
then he would bow and prostrate. He used to do the same In the 
second rak^a. After finishing the Prayer he used to look at me 
and If I was awake he would talk to me and If I was asleep, he 
would lie down. 

Bk. 21: Prayer at Night (Tahajjud) 



2.221: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: When the Prophet got up at night to offer 
the Tahajjud prayer, he used to say: Allahumma lakal-hamd. 
Anta qalylmus-samawatl wal-ard wa man flhlnna. Walakal-hamd, 



Laka mulkus-samawati wal-ard wa man fihinna. Walakal-hamd, 
anta nurus-samawati wal-ard. Walakalhamd, anta-1-haq wa 
wa 'duka-1-haq, wa liqa'uka Haq, wa qualuka Haq, wal-jannatu 
Han wan-naru Haq wannablyuna Haq. Wa Muhammadun, 
sallal-lahu ' alalhl wasallam, Haq, was-sa 'atu Haq. Allahumma 
aslamtu Laka wablka amantu, wa ' Alaika tawakkaltu, wa llalka 
anabtu wa blka khasamtu, wa llalka hakamtu faghflr 11 ma 
qaddamtu wama akh-khartu wama as-rartu wama 'a lantu, 
anta-1-muqaddlm wa anta-1-mu akh-khlr, la liana Ilia anta (or 
la liana ghalruka) . (O Allah! All the praises are for you, You 
are the Holder of the Heavens and the Earth, And whatever Is 
In them. All the praises are for You; You have the possession 
of the Heavens and the Earth And whatever Is In them. All the 
praises are for You; You are the Light of the Heavens and the 
Earth And all the praises are for You; You are the King of the 
Heavens and the Earth; And all the praises are for You; You 
are the Truth and Your Promise Is the truth, And to meet You 
Is true, Your Word Is the truth And Paradise Is true And Hell 
Is true And all the Prophets (Peace be upon them) are true; 
And Muhammad Is true, And the Day of Resurrection Is true. O 
Allah ! I surrender (my will) to You; I believe In You and 
depend on You. And repent to You, And with Your help I argue 

(with my opponents, the non-believers) And I take You as a 
judge (to judge between us) . Please forgive me my previous And 
future sins; And whatever I concealed or revealed And You are 
the One who make (some people) forward And (some) backward. 
There Is none to be worshipped but you . Sufyan said that 

N Abdul Karlm Abu Umalya added to the above, 'Wala haula Wala 

quwata Ilia blllah ' (There Is neither might nor power except 

with Allah) . 

2.222: 

Narrated Sallm's father: In the lifetime of the Prophet 

whosoever saw a dream would narrate It to Allah's Apostle. I 

had a wish of seeing a dream to narrate It to Allah's Apostle 

(p.b.u.h) I was a grown up boy and used to sleep In the Mosque 
In the lifetime of the Prophet . I saw In the dream that two 
angels caught hold of me and took me to the Fire which was 
built all round like a built well and had two poles In It and 



the people in it were known to me. I started saying, "I seek 
refuge with Allah from the Fire. " Then I met another angel who 
told me not to be afraid. I narrated the dream to Hafsa who 
told it to Allah's Apostle. The Prophet said, "Abdullah is a 
good man. I wish he prayed Tahajjud. " After that ^Abdullah 
(i.e. Salim's father) used to sleep but a little at night. 
2.223: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to offer eleven rak^at and that was his 
prayer. He used to prolong the prostration to such an extent 
that one could recite fifty verses (of the Qur'an) before he 
would lift his head. He used to pray two rak^at (Sunna) before 
the Fajr prayer and then used to lie down on his right side 
till the call-maker came and informed him about the prayer. 
2.224: 

Narrated Jundab: 

The Prophet became sick and did not get up (for Tahajjud 
prayer) for a night or two. 
2.225: 

Narrated Jundab bin ^Abdullah : Gabriel did not come to the 
Prophet (for some time) and so one of the Quraish women said, 
"His Satan has deserted him. " So came the Divine Revelation: 
"By the forenoon And by the night When it is still ! Your Lord 
(O Muhammad) has neither Forsaken you Nor hated you. " (9 
3.1-3) 
2.226: 

Narrated Urn Salama : One night the Prophet got up and said, 
"Subhan Allah! How many afflictions Allah has revealed tonight 
and how many treasures have been sent down (disclosed) . Go and 
wake the sleeping lady occupants of these dwellings up (for 
prayers) , perhaps a well dressed in this world may be naked in 
the Hereafter . " 
2.227: 

Narrated *Ali bin Abi Talib One night Allah's Apostle came to 
me and Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet and asked, "Won 't 
you pray (at night)?" I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Our souls 
are in the hands of Allah and if He wants us to get up He will 
make us get up. " When I said that, he left us without saying 



anything and I heard that he was hitting his thigh and saying, 
"But man is more quarrelsome than anything." (18.54) 
2.228: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to give up a good deed, although he loved 
to do it, for fear that people might act on it and it might be 
made compulsory for them. The Prophet never prayed the Duha 
prayer, but I offer it . 
2.229: 

Narrated ^Aisha, the mother of the faithful believers: One 
night Allah ' s Apostle offered the prayer in the Mosque and the 
people followed him. The next night he also offered the prayer 
and too many people gathered . On the third and the fourth 
nights more people gathered, but Allah's Apostle did not come 
out to them. In the morning he said, "I saw what you were 
doing and nothing but the fear that it (i.e. the prayer) might 
be enjoined on you, stopped me from coming to you. " And that 
happened in the month of Ramadan. 
2.230: 

Narrated Al-Mughira: The Prophet used to stand (in the prayer) 
or pray till both his feet or legs swelled. He was asked why 
(he offered such an unbearable prayer) and he said, "should I 
not be a thankful slave. " 
2.231: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Amr bin Al-^As: Allah's Apostle told 
me, "The most beloved prayer to Allah is that of David and the 
most beloved fasts to Allah are those of David. He used to 
sleep for half of the night and then pray for one third of the 
night and again sleep for its sixth part and used to fast on 
alternate days. " 
2.232: 

Narrated Masruq: 

I asked "Aisha which deed was most loved by the Prophet . She 
said, "A deed done continuously . " I further asked, "When did 
he used to get up (in the night for the prayer) . " She said, 
"He used to get up on hearing the crowing of a cock. " 
2.233: 
Narrated Al-Ashath: He (the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ) used to get up 



for the prayer on hearing the crowing of a cock. 

2.234: 

Narrated ^ Aisha : 

In my house he (Prophet (p.b.u.h) ) never passed the last 

hours of the night but sleeping. 

2.235: 

Narrated Qatada: 

Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet (p.b.u.h) and Zaid bin 

Thabit took their Suhur together. When they finished it, the 

Prophet stood for the (Fajr) prayer and offered it . " We asked 

Anas, "What was the interval between their finishing the Suhur 

and the starting of the morning prayer?" Anas replied, "It was 

equal to the time taken by a person in reciting fifty verses 

of the Qur 'an. " 

2.236: 

Narrated Abu-Wail : ^Abdullah said, "One night I offered the 

Tahajjud prayer with the Prophet and he kept on standing till 

an ill-thought came to me. " We said, "What was the 

ill-thought?" He said, "It was to sit down and leave the 

Prophet (standing) . " 

2.237: 

Narrated Hudhaifa : Whenever the Prophet got up for Tahajjud 

prayer he used to clean his mouth (and teeth) with Siwak. 

2.238: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar : A man said, "O Allah's Apostle! 

How is the prayer of the night?" He said, "Two rak^at followed 

by two rak^at and so on, and when you apprehend the 

approaching dawn, offer one rak^a as witr." 

2.239: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: The prayer of the Prophet used to be of 

thirteen rak^at, i.e. of the night prayer. 

2.240: 

Narrated Masruq: 

I asked Aisha about the night prayer of Allah's Apostle and 

she said, "It was seven, nine or eleven rak" at besides the two 

rak" at of the Fajr prayer (i.e. Sunna) . " 

2.241: 

Narrated " Aisha, 



The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to offer thirteen rak^at of the 

night prayer and that included the witr and two rak^at (Sunna) 

of the Fajr prayer. 

2.242: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik Sometimes Allah's Apostle would not 

fast (for so many days) that we thought that he would not fast 

that month and he sometimes used to fast (for so many days) 

that we thought he would not leave fasting throughout that 

month and (as regards his prayer and sleep at night) , if you 

wanted to see him praying at night, you could see him praying 

and if you wanted to see him sleeping, you could see him 

sleeping. 

2.243: 

Narrated Abu Huraira Allah's Apostle said, "Satan puts three 

knots at the back of the head of any of you if he is asleep. 

On every knot he reads and exhales the following words, 'The 

night is long, so stay asleep. ' When one wakes up and 

remembers Allah, one knot is undone; and when one performs 

ablution, the second knot is undone, and when one prays the 

third knot is undone and one gets up energetic with a good 

heart in the morning; otherwise one gets up lazy and with a 

mischievous heart . " 

2.244: 

Narrated Samura bin Jundab: The Prophet said in his narration 

of a dream that he saw, "He whose head was being crushed with 

a stone was one who learnt the Qur'an but never acted on it, 

and slept ignoring the compulsory prayers. " 

2.245: 

Narrated "Abdullah : A person was mentioned before the Prophet 

(p.b.u.h) and he was told that he had kept on sleeping till 
morning and had not got up for the prayer. The Prophet said, 

"Satan urinated in his ears. " 

2.246: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Our 

Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night down on the 

nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, 

saying: "Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond 

to invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant 



him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so 
that I may forgive him?" 
2.247: 

Narrated Al-Aswad: I asked ^ Aisha "How is the night prayer of 
the Prophet?" She replied, "He used to sleep early at night, 
and get up in its last part to pray, and then return to his 
bed. When the Mu'adh-dhin pronounced the Adhan, he would get 
up. If he was in need of a bath he would take it; otherwise he 
would perform ablution and then go out (for the prayer) . " 
2.248: 

Narrated Abu Salma bin ^Abdur Rahman: I asked ^ Aisha, "How is 
the prayer of Allah's Apostle during the month of Ramadan. " 
She said, "Allah's Apostle never exceeded eleven rak^at in 
Ramadan or in other months; he used to offer four rak" at — do 
not ask me about their beauty and length, then four rak^at, do 
not ask me about their beauty and length, and then three 
rak" at . " Aisha further said, "I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Do 
you sleep before offering the witr prayer? ' He replied, 'O 
v Aisha! My eyes sleep but my heart remains awake'!" 
2.249: 

Narrated Aisha : 

I did not see the Prophet reciting (the Qur'an) in the night 
prayer while sitting except when he became old; when he used 
to recite while sitting, and when thirty or forty verses 
remained from the Sura, he would get up and recite them and 
then bow. 
2.250: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: At the time of the Fajr prayer the 
Prophet asked Bilal, "Tell me of the best deed you did after 
embracing Islam, for I heard your footsteps in front of me in 
Paradise. " Bilal replied, "I did not do anything worth 
mentioning except that whenever I performed ablution during 
the day or night, I prayed after that ablution as much as was 
written for me. " 
2.25 
1.1: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik Once the Prophet (p.b.u.h) entered the 
Mosque and saw a rope hanging in between its two pillars. He 



said, "What is this rope?" The people said, "This rope is for 

Zainab who, when she feels tired, holds it (to keep standing 

for the prayer.)" The Prophet said, "Don't use it. Remove the 

rope. You should pray as long as you feel active, and when you 

get tired, sit down." 

2.25 

1.1: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

A woman from the tribe of Bani Asad was sitting with me and 

Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) came to my house and said, "Who is 

this?" I said, "(She is) So and so. She does not sleep at 

night because she is engaged in prayer. " The Prophet said 

disapprovingly : Do (good) deeds which is within your capacity 

as Allah never gets tired of giving rewards till you get tired 

of doing good deeds. " 

2.252: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Amr bin Al-^As: Allah's Apostle said 

to me, "O x Abdullah! Do not be like so and so who used to pray 

at night and then stopped the night prayer. " 

2.253: 

Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit : The Prophet "Whoever gets up at 

night and says: — 'La ilaha il-lallah Wahdahu la Sharika lahu 

Lahu-1-mulk, waLahu-1-hamd wahuwa ' ala kullishai 'in Qadir. Al 

hamdu lil-lahi wa subhanal-lahi wa la-ilaha il-lal-lah 

wa-1-lahu akbar wa la hawla Wala Quwata il-la-bil-lah . ' (None 

has the right to be worshipped but Allah. He is the Only One 

and has no partners . For Him is the Kingdom and all the 

praises are due for Him. He is Omnipotent. All the praises are 

for Allah. All the glories are for Allah. And none has the 

right to be worshipped but Allah, And Allah is Great And there 

is neither Might nor Power Except with Allah) . And then says: 

— Allahumma, Ighfir li (O Allah! Forgive me) . Or invokes 

(Allah) , he will be responded to and if he performs ablution 

(and prays) , his prayer will be accepted. " 
2.254: 
Narrated Abu Huraira That once Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, 

"Your brother, i.e. * Abdullah bin Rawaha does not say obscene 

(referring to his verses): Amongst us is Allah's Apostle, who 



recites His Book when it dawns. He showed us the guidance, 

after we were blind. We believe that whatever he says will 

come true. And he spends his nights in such a way as his sides 

do not touch his bed. While the pagans were deeply asleep. " 

2.255: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

Ibn *Umar said, "In the lifetime of the Prophet I dreamt that 

a piece of silk cloth was in my hand and it flew with me to 

whichever part of Paradise I wanted. I also saw as if two 

persons (i.e. angels) came to me and wanted to take me to 

Hell. Then an angel met us and told me not to be afraid. He 

then told them to leave me. Hafsa narrated one of my dreams to 

the Prophet and the Prophet said, "Abdullah is a good man. 

Would that he offer the night prayer (Tahajjud) ! " So after 

that day " Abdullah (bin ^Urnar) started offering Tahajjud. The 

companions of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to tell him their 

dreams that (Laila-tul-Qadr) was on the 27th of the month of 

Ramadan. The Prophet said, "I see that your dreams agree on 

the last ten nights of Ramadan and so whoever is in search of 

it should seek it in the last ten nights of Ramadan. " 

2.256: 

Narrated "Aisha; 

Allah's Apostle offered the ^Isha' prayer (and then got up at 

the Tahajjud time) and offered eight rak" at and then offered 

two rak^at while sitting. He then offered two rak^at in 

between the Adhan and Iqama (of the Fajr prayer) and he never 

missed them. 

2.257: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet used to lie down on his right side, after offering 

two rak^at (Sunna) of the Fajr prayer. 

2.258: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

After offering the Sunna of the Fajr prayer, the Prophet used 

to talk to me, if I happen to be awake; otherwise he would lie 

down till the Iqama call was proclaimed (for the Fajr prayer) . 

2.259: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 



After offering the two rak"at (Sunna) the Prophet (p.b.u.h) 
used to talk to me, if I happen to be awake; otherwise he 
would lie down. 
2.260: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet was never more regular and particular in offering 
any Nawafil than the two rak" at (Sunna) of the Fajr prayer. 
2.261: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to offer thirteen rak* at in the night 
prayer and on hearing the Adhan for the morning prayer, he 
used to offer two light rak* at. 
2.262: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to make the two rak* at before the 
Fajr prayer so light that I would wonder whether he recited 
Al-Fatiha (or not) . 
2.263: 

Narrated Jabir bin * Abdullah : The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to 
teach us the way of doing Istikhara (Istikhara means to ask 
Allah to guide one to the right sort of action concerning any 
job or a deed) , in all matters as he taught us the Suras of 
the Qur'an. He said, "If anyone of you thinks of doing any job 
he should offer a two rak* at prayer other than the compulsory 
ones and say (after the prayer) : — 'Allahumma inni 
astakhiruka bi ' ilmika, Wa astaqdiruka bi-qudratika, Wa 
as ' alaka min fadlika A1-* azlm Fa-innaka taqdiru Wala aqdiru, 
Wa ta'lamu Wala a'lamu, Wa anta ' allamu 1-ghuyub. Allahumma, 
in kunta ta 'lam anna hadha-1-amra Khairun li fi dini wa 
ma ' ashi wa ' aqibati "Amri (or ' ajili *Amri wa ' ajilihi) Faqdirhu 
wa yas-sirhu li thumma barik li Fihi, Wa in kunta ta ' lamu anna 
hadha-lamra shar-run li fi dini wa ma 'ashi wa 'aqibati "Amri 
(or fi 'ajili ^Arnri wa ajilihi) Fasrifhu anni was-rifni anhu. 
Waqdir li al-khaira haithu kana Thumma ardini bihi . ' (O Allah! 
I ask guidance from Your knowledge , And Power from Your Might 
and I ask for Your great blessings . You are capable and I am 
not . You know and I do not and You know the unseen . O Allah ! 
If You know that this job is good for my religion and my 



subsistence and in my Hereafter — (or said: If it is better for 

my present and later needs) — Then You ordain it for me and 

make it easy for me to get, And then bless me in it, and if 

You know that this job is harmful to me In my religion and 

subsistence and in the Hereafter — (or said: If it is worse for 

my present and later needs) — Then keep it away from me and let 

me be away from it . And ordain for me whatever is good for me, 

And make me satisfied with it) . The Prophet added that then 

the person should name (mention) his need. 

2.264: 

Narrated Abu Qatada bin Rabi Al-Ansari; The Prophet said, "If 

anyone of you enters a Mosque, he should not sit until he has 

offered a two-rak" at prayer. " 

2.265: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik Allah's Apostle led us and offered a 

two rak" at prayer and then went away. 

2.266: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin "Umar Abu, I offered with Allah's 

Apostle a two rak" at prayer before the Zuhr prayer and two 

rak" at after the Zuhr prayer, two rak" at after Jumua, Maghrib 

and " Isha ' prayers . 

2.267: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah : While delivering a sermon, 

Allah's Apostle said, "If anyone of you comes while the Imam 

is delivering the sermon or has come out for it, he should 

offer a two rak" at prayer. " 

2.268: 

Narrated Mujahid: 

Somebody came to the house of Ibn "Umar and told him that 

Allah's Apostles had entered the Ka"ba. Ibn "Umar said, "I 

went in front of the Ka"ba and found that Allah's Apostle had 

come out of the Ka "ba and I saw Bilal standing by the side of 

the gate of the Ka"ba. I said, 'O Bilal! Has Allah's Apostle 

(p.b.u.h) prayed inside the Ka"ba?' Bilal replied in the 
affirmative. I said, 'Where (did he pray)?' He replied, '(He 
prayed) Between these two pillars and then he came out and 
offered a two rak" at prayer in front of the Ka"ba. ' " Abu 

"Abdullah said: Abu Huraira said, "The Prophet (p.b.u.h) 



advised me to offer two rak^at of Duha prayer (prayer to be 
offered after sunrise and before midday) . " Itban (bin Malik) 
said, "Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) and Abu Bakr, came to me 
after sunrise and we aligned behind the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and 
offered two rak^at. " 
2.269: 

Narrated Ibn *Umar: I offered with the Prophet two rak^at 
before the Zuhr and two rak" at after the Zuhr prayer; two 
rak^at after Maghrib, x Jsha' and the Jumua prayers. Those of 
the Maghrib and x Jsha' were offered in his house. My sister 
Hafsa told me that the Prophet used to offer two light rak^at 
after dawn and it was the time when I never went to the 
Prophet . " 
2.270: 

Narrated *Amr: 

I heard Abu Ash-sha 'tha ' Jabir saying, "I heard Ibn "Abbas 
saying, 'I offered with Allah's Apostle eight rak^at (of Zuhr 
and "Asr prayers) together and seven rak^at (the Maghrib and 
the *Isha' prayers) together. ' " I said, "O Abu Ash-shatha! I 
think he must have prayed the Zuhr late and the "Asr early; 
the * Isha early and the Maghrib late." Abu Ash-sha' tha' said, 

"I also think so." (See Hadith No. 518 Vol. 1) . 

2.271: 

Narrated Muwarriq: I asked Ibn ^Umar "Do you offer the Duha 

prayer?" He replied in the negative. I further asked, "Did 

^Urnar use to pray it?" He (Ibn ^Urnar) replied in the negative. 
I again asked, "Did Abu Bakr use to pray it?" He replied in 
the negative. I again asked, "Did the Prophet use to pray it?" 
Ibn "Umar replied, "I don't think he did." 
2.272: 

Narrated ^Abdur Rahman bin Abi Laila: Only Um Hani narrated to 
me that she had seen the Prophet offering the Duha prayer. She 
said, "On the day of the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet 
entered my house, took a bath and offered eight rak^at (of 
Duha prayers. I had never seen the Prophet offering such a 
light prayer but he performed bowing and prostrations 
perfectly . 
2.273: 



Narrated ^Aisha : 

I never saw the Prophet offering the Duha prayer but I always 
offer it. 
2.274: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: My friend (the Prophet) advised me to do 
three things and I shall not leave them till I die, these are: 
To fast three days every month, to offer the Duha prayer, and 
to offer witr before sleeping. 
2.275.1: 

Narrated Anas bin Seereen: I heard Anas bin Malik al-Ansari 
saying, "An Ansari man, who was very fat, said to the Prophet, 
'I am unable to present myself for the prayer with you. ' He 
prepared a meal for the Prophet and invited him to his house. 
He washed one side of a mat with water and the Prophet offered 
two rak^at on it. " So and so, the son of so and so, the son of 
Al-Jaruid asked Anas, "Did the Prophet use to offer the Duha 
prayer?" Anas replied, "I never saw him praying (the Duha 
prayer) except on that day. " 
2.275.2: 

Narrated Ibn *Umar: I remember ten rak^at of Nawafil from the 
Prophet, two rak^at before the Zuhr prayer and two after it; 
two rak" at after Maghrib prayer in his house, and two rak^at 
after x Jsha' prayer in his house, and two rak^at before the 
Fajr prayer and at that time nobody would enter the house of 
the Prophet Hafsa told me that the Prophet used to offer two 
rak" at after the call maker had made the Adhan and the day had 
dawned. 
2.276: 

Narrated Aisha: 

The Prophet never missed four rak^at before the Zuhr prayer 
and two rak* at before the Fajr prayer. 
2.277: 

Narrated x Abdullah Al-Muzni : The Prophet said, "Pray before 
the Maghrib (compulsory) prayer. " He (said it thrice) and in 
the third time, he said, "Whoever wants to offer it can do 
so. " He said so because he did not like the people to take it 
as a tradition. 
2.278: 



Narrated Marthad bin N Abdullah Al-Yazanl : I went to ^Uqba bin 
'Amir Al-Juhanl and said, "Is It not surprising that Abl Tamlm 
offers two rak" at before the Maghrib prayer?" "Uqba said, "We 
used to do so In the lifetime of Allah's Apostle. " I asked 
him, "What prevents you from offering It now?" He replied, 
"Business . " 
2.279: 

Narrated Mahmud bin Ar-rabl ' Al-Ansarl, that he remembered 
Allah's Apostle and he also remembered a mouthful of water 
which he had thrown on his face, after taking It from a well 
that was In their house. Mahmud said that he had heard " Itban 
bin Malik, who was present with Allah's Apostle In the battle 
of Badr saying, "I used to lead my people at Banl Sallm In the 
prayer and there was a valley between me and those people. 
Whenever It rained It used to be difficult for me to cross It 
to go to their mosque. So I went to Allah's Apostle and said, 
'I have weak eyesight and the valley between me and my people 
flows during the rainy season and It becomes difficult for me 
to cross It; I wish you would come to my house and pray at a 
place so that I could take that place as a praying place. ' 
Allah's Apostle said, 'I will do so. ' So Allah's Apostle and 
Abu Bakr came to my house In the (next) morning after the sun 
had risen high. Allah's Apostle asked my permission to let him 
In and I admitted him. He did not sit before saying, 'Where do 
you want us to offer the prayer In your house?' I pointed to 
the place where I wanted him to pray. So Allah's Apostle stood 
up for the prayer and started the prayer with Takblr and we 
aligned In rows behind him; and he offered two rak^at, and 
finished them with Tasllm, and we also performed Tasllm with 
him. I detained him for a meal called "Khazlr" which I had 
prepared for him. — ("Khazlr" Is a special type of dish 
prepared from barley flour and meat soup) — When the neighbors 
got the news that Allah ' s Apostle was In my house, they poured 
It till there were a great number of men In the house. One of 
them said, 'What Is wrong with Malik, for I do not see him?' 
One of them replied, 'He Is a hypocrite and does not love 
Allah and His Apostle. ' On that Allah's Apostle said, 'Don't 
say this. Haven't you seen that he said, 'None has the right 



to be worshipped but Allah for Allah ' s sake only. ' The man 
replied, 'Allah and His Apostle know better; but by Allah, we 
never saw him but helping and talking with the hypocrites. ' 
Allah's Apostle replied, 'No doubt, whoever says. None has the 
right to be worshipped but Allah, and by that he wants the 
pleasures of Allah, then Allah will save him from Hell . " 
Mahmud added, "I told the above narration to some people, one 
of whom was Abu Aiyub, the companion of Allah's Apostle in the 
battle in which he (Abu Aiyub) died and Yazid bin Mu ' awiya was 
their leader in Roman Territory. Abu Aiyub denounced the 
narration and said, 'I doubt that Allah's Apostle ever said 
what you have said. ' I felt that too much, and I vowed to 
Allah that if I remained alive in that holy battle, I would 
(go to Medina and) ask v Itban bin Malik if he was still living 
in the mosque of his people. So when he returned, I assumed 
Ihram for Hajj or "Umra and then I proceeded on till I reached 
Medina. I went to Bani Salim and " Itban bin Malik, who was by 
then an old blind man, was leading his people in the prayer. 
When he finished the prayer, I greeted him and introduced 
myself to him and then asked him about that narration. He told 
that narration again in the same manner as he had narrated it 
the first time. " 
2.280: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar, Allah's Apostle said, "Offer some of your 
prayers in your houses and do not make them graves. " 
2.281: 

Narrated Quza'a: 

I heard Abu Sa* id saying four words. He said, "I heard the 
Prophet (saying the following narrative) . " He had participated 
in twelve holy battles with the Prophet. Narrated Abu Huraira: 
The Prophet said, "Do not set out on a journey except for 
three Mosques i.e. Al-Masjid-AI-Haram, the Mosque of Allah's 
Apostle , and the Mosque of Al-Aqsa, (Mosque of Jerusalem) . " 
2.282: 

Narrated Abu Huraira Allah's Apostle said, "One prayer in my 
Mosque is better than one thousand prayers in any other mosque 
excepting Al-Masjid-AI-Haram. " 
2.283: 



Narrated Nafi " : 

Ibn "Ulnar never offered the Duha prayer except on two 

occasions : (1) Whenever he reached Mecca; and he always used 

to reach Mecca in the forenoon. He would perform Tawaf round 

the Ka"ba and then offer two rak" at at the rear of Maqam 

Ibrahim. (2) Whenever he visited Quba, for he used to visit it 

every Saturday. When he entered the Mosque, he disliked to 

leave it without offering a prayer. Ibn "Umar narrated that 

Allah's Apostle used to visit the Mosque of Quba (sometime) 

walking and (sometime) riding. And he (i.e. Ibn "Umar) used to 

say, "I do only what my companions used to do and I don't 

forbid anybody to pray at any time during the day or night 

except that one should not intend to pray at sunrise or 

sunset . " 

2.284: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Dinar: Ibn "Umar said, "The Prophet 

used to go to the Mosque of Quba every Saturday (sometimes) 

walking and (sometimes) riding. " "Abdullah (Ibn "Umar) used to 

do the same . 

2.285: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet used to go to the Mosque of 

Quba (sometimes) walking and sometimes riding. Added Nafi " (in 

another narration) , "He then would offer two rak" at (in the 

Mosque of Quba) . " 

2.286: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Zaid Al-Mazini: Allah's Apostle said, 

"Between my house and the pulpit there is a garden of the 

gardens of Paradise . " 

2.287: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Between my house and 

my pulpit there is a garden of the gardens of Paradise, and my 

pulpit is on my fountain tank (i.e. Al-Kauthar) . " 

2.288: 

Narrated Qaza'a Maula: (freed slave of) Ziyad: I heard Abu 

Sa"id Al-khudri narrating four things from the Prophet and I 

appreciated them very much. He said, conveying the words of 

the Prophet. (1) "A woman should not go on a two day journey 

except with her husband or a Dhi-Mahram. (2) No fasting is 



permissible on two days: " Id-ul-Fitr and "Id-ul-Adha. (3) No 
prayer after two prayers, i.e. after the Fajr prayer till the 
sunrises and after the "Asr prayer till the sun sets. (4) Do 
not prepare yourself for a journey except to three Mosques, 
i.e. Al-Masjid-AI-Haram, the Mosque of Aqsa (Jerusalem) and my 
Mosque. " 

Bk. 22: Actions while Praying 



2.289: 

Narrated Kuraib Maula Ibn " Abbas: "Abdullah bin "Abbas said 
that he had passed a night in the house of Maimuna the mother 
of the faithful believers , who was his aunt . He said, "I 
slept across the bed, and Allah's Apostle along with his wife 
slept lengthwise. Allah's Apostle slept till midnight or 
slightly before or after it. Then Allah's Apostle woke up, 
sat, and removed the traces of sleep by rubbing his hands over 
his face. Then he recited the last ten verses of Surat-Al 
" Imran (2) . Then he went towards a hanging leather 
water-container and performed a perfect ablution and then 
stood up for prayer. " "Abdullah bin "Abbas added, "I got up 
and did the same as Allah's Apostle had done and then went and 
stood by his side. Allah's Apostle then put his right hand 
over my head and caught my right ear and twisted it . He 
offered two rak"at, then two rak"at, then two rak"at, then two 
rak"at, then two rak"at, then two rak" at and then offered one 
rak" a witr. Then he lay down till the Mu'adh-dhin came and 
then he prayed two light rak" at and went out and offered the 
early morning (Fajr) prayer. " 
2.290: 

Narrated "Abdullah: We used to greet the Prophet while he was 
praying and he used to answer our greetings . When we returned 
from An-Najashi (the ruler of Ethiopia) , we greeted him, but 
he did not answer us (during the prayer) and (after finishing 
the prayer) he said, "In the prayer one is occupied (with a 
more serious matter) . " 



2.291: 

Narrated ^Abdullah The same as No. 290. from the Prophet. 
2.292: 

Narrated Zald bin Arqam: In the lifetime of the Prophet we 
used to speak while praying, and one of us would tell his 
needs to his companions, till the verse, 'Guard strictly your 
prayers (2.238) was revealed. After that we were ordered to 
remain silent while praying. 
2.293: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d: The Prophet went out to affect a 
reconciliation between the tribes of Bani "Amr bin % Auf and 
the time of the prayer became due; Bilal went to Abu Bakr and 
said, "The Prophet is detained. Will you lead the people in 
the prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes, if you wish. " So Bilal 
pronounced the Iqama and Abu Bakr led the prayer. In the 
meantime the Prophet came crossing the rows (of the praying 
people) till he stood in the first row and the people started 
clapping. Abu Bakr never looked hither and thither during the 
prayer but when the people clapped too much, he looked back 
and saw the Prophet in the (first) row. The Prophet waved him 
to remain at his place, but Abu Bakr raised both his hands and 
sent praises to Allah and then retreated and the Prophet went 
forward and led the prayer. (See Hadith No. 295 & 296) 
2.294: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Mas^ud: We used to say the greeting, 
name and greet each other in the prayer. Allah's Apostle heard 
it and said: — "Say, ' at-tahiyyatu lil-lahi was-salawatu 
wat-taiyibatu . Assalamu ' Alaika aiyuha-n-Nabiyu 
wa-rahmatu-1-lahi wa-barakatuhu . _ Assalamu alaina wa-'ala 
' ibadi-1-lahi as-salihin. . Ashhadu an la ilaha illa-1-lah wa 
ashhadu anna Muhammadan * Abdu hu wa Rasuluh. (All the 
compliments are for Allah and all the prayers and all the good 
things (are for Allah) . Peace be on you, O Prophet, and 
Allah's mercy and blessings (are on you) . And peace be on us 
and on the good (pious) worshipers of Allah. I testify that 
none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that 
Muhammad is His slave and Apostle.) So, when you have said 
this, then you have surely sent the greetings to every good 



(pious) worship per of Allah, whether he be in the Heaven or 

on the Earth . " 

2.295: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : The Prophet said, "The saying 'Sub Han 

Allah' is for men and clapping is for women. " (If something 

happens in the prayer, the men can invite the attention of the 

Imam by saying "Sub Han Allah". And women, by clapping their 

hands) . 

2.296: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d, The Prophet said, "The saying 'Sub Han 

Allah' is for men and clapping is for women. 

2.297.1: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: While Abu Bakr was leading the people 

in the morning prayer on a Monday, the Prophet came towards 

them suddenly having lifted the curtain of ^Aisha's house, and 

looked at them as they were standing in rows and smiled. Abu 

Bakr tried to come back thinking that Allah's Apostle wanted 

to come out for the prayer. The attention of the Muslims was 

diverted from the prayer because they were delighted to see 

the Prophet . The Prophet waved his hand to them to complete 

their prayer, then he went back into the room and let down the 

curtain. The Prophet expired on that very day. 

2.297.2: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "A woman called 

her son while he was in his hermitage and said, 'O Jural j ' He 

said, 'O Allah, my mother (is calling me) and (I am offering) 

my prayer (what shall I do)?' She again said, 'O Jural j!' He 

said again, 'O Allah ! My mother (is calling me) and (I am 

offering) my prayer (what shall I do) ? ' She again said, 'O 

Jural j ' He again said, 'O Allah! My mother (is calling me) and 

(I am offering) my prayer. (What shall I do?) ' She said, 'O 
Allah! Do not let Jural j die till he sees the faces of 
prostitutes . ' A shepherdess used to come by his hermitage for 
grazing her sheep and she gave birth to a child. She was asked 
whose child that was, and she replied that it was from Juraij 
and that he had come out from his hermitage. Juraij said, 

'Where is that woman who claims that her child is from me?' 

(When she was brought to him along with the child) , Juraij 



asked the child, 'O Babus, who Is your father?' The child 

replied, 'The shepherd. ' " (See Hadlth No 66 

2. Vol 3) . 

2.298: 

Narrated Mu'alqlb: The Prophet talked about a man leveling the 

earth on prostrating, and said, "If you have to do so, then do 

It once. " 

2.299: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: We used to pray with the Prophet In 

scorching heat, and If someone of us could not put his face on 

the earth (because of the heat) then he would spread his 

clothes and prostrate over them. 

2.300: 

Narrated Alsha: 

I used to stretch my legs towards the Qlbla of the Prophet 

while he was praying; whenever he prostrated he touched me, 

and I would withdraw my legs, and whenever he stood up, I 

would restretch my legs. 

2.301: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: The Prophet once offered the prayer and 

said, "Satan came In front of me and tried to Interrupt my 

prayer, but Allah gave me an upper hand on him and I choked 

him. No doubt, I thought of tying him to one of the pillars of 

the mosque till you get up In the morning and see him. Then I 

remembered the statement of Prophet Solomon, 'My Lord ! Bestow 

on me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after 

me. ' Then Allah made him (Satan) return with his head down 

(humiliated) . " 
2.302: 

Narrated Al-Azraq bin Qals : We were at Al-Ahwaz fighting the 
Al-Harurlya (tribe) . While I was at the bank of a river a man 
was praying and the reins of his animal were In his hands and 
the animal was struggling and he was following the animal . 

(Shu^ba, a sub-narrator, said that man was Abu Barza 
Al-Aslaml) . A man from the Khawarlj said, "O Allah! Be harsh 
to this sheik. " And when the sheik (Abu Barza) finished his 
prayer, he said, "I heard your remark. No doubt, I 
participated with Allah ' s Apostle In six or seven or eight 



holy battles and saw his leniency, and no doubt, I would 
rather retain my animal than let it return to its stable, as 
it would cause me much trouble. " 
2.303: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Once the sun eclipsed and Allah's Apostle stood up for the 
prayer and recited a very long Sura and when bowed for a long 
while and then raised his head and started reciting another 
Sura. Then he bowed, and after finishing, he prostrated and 
did the same in the second rak^a and then said, "These (lunar 
and solar eclipses) are two of the signs of Allah and if you 
see them, pray till the eclipse is over. No doubt, while 
standing at this place I saw everything promised to me by 
Allah and I saw (Paradise) and I wanted to pluck a bunch (of 
grapes) therefrom, at the time when you saw me stepping 
forward. No doubt, I saw Hell with its different parts 
destroying each other when you saw me retreating and in it I 
saw "Amr bin Luhai who started the tradition of freeing 
animals (set them free) in the name of idols. " 
2.304: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet saw some sputum on the wall 
facing the Qibla of the mosque and became furious with the 
people of the mosque and said, "During the prayer, Allah is in 
front of everyone of you and so he should not spit (or said, 

'He should not expectorate')." Then he got down and scratched 
the sputum with his hand. Ibn ^Umar said (after narrating) , 

"If anyone of you has to spit during the prayer, he should 

spit to his left. " 

2.305: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Whenever anyone of you is in prayer, he is 

speaking in private to his Lord and so he should neither spit 

in front of him nor on his right side but to his left side 

under his left foot . " 

2.306: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d: The people used to offer the prayer 

with the Prophet with their waist-sheets tied round their 

necks because of the shortness of the sheets and the women 



were ordered not to lift their heads till the men had sat 
straight . 
2.307: 

Narrated x Abdullah: I used to greet the Prophet while he was 
in prayer and he would return my greeting, but when we 
returned (from Ethiopia) I greeted the Prophet (while he was 
praying) but he did not return the greeting, and (after 
finishing the prayer) he said, "In the prayer one is occupied 
(with a more serious matter) . " 
2.308: 

Narrated Jabir bin " Abdullah: Allah's Apostle sent me for some 
job and when I had finished it I returned and came to the 
Prophet and greeted him but he did not return my greeting. So 
I felt so sorry that only Allah knows it and I said to 
myself, , 'Perhaps Allah ' s Apostle is angry because I did not 
come quickly, then again I greeted him but he did not reply. I 
felt even more sorry than I did the first time. Again I 
greeted him and he returned the greeting and said, "The thing 
which prevented me from returning the greeting was that I was 
praying. " And at that time he was on his Rahila and his face 
was not towards the Qibla. 
2.309: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d: The news about the differences amongst 
the people of Bani "Amr bin % Auf at Quba reached Allah's 
Apostle and so he went to them along with some of his 
companions to affect a reconciliation. Allah's Apostle was 
delayed there and the time for the prayer became due. Bilal 
came to Abu Bakr! and said, "O Abu Bakr! Allah's Apostle is 
detained (there) and the time for the prayer is due. Will you 
lead the people in prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes, if you 
wish. " So Bilal pronounced the Iqama and Abu Bakr went forward 
and the people said Takbir. In the meantime, Allah's Apostle 
came piercing through the rows till he stood in the (first) 
row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr, would never 
look hither and thither during the prayer but when the people 
clapped much he looked back and saw Allah's Apostle. The 
Prophet beckoned him to carry on. Abu Bakr raised both his 
hands, praised Allah and retreated till he stood in the row 



and Allah's Apostle went forward and led the people in the 
prayer. When he had finished the prayer, he addressed the 
people and said, "O people! Why did you start clapping when 
something happened to you in the prayer? Clapping is for 
women. Whenever one is confronted with something unusual in 
the prayer one should say, 'Sub Han Allah' . " Then the Prophet 
looked towards Abu Bakr and asked, "What prevented you from 
leading the prayer when I beckoned you to carry on?" Abu Bakr 
replied, "It does not befit the son of Al Quhafa to lead the 
prayer in the presence of Allah's Apostle. 
2.310: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: It was forbidden to keep the hands on 
the hips during the prayer. (This is narrated by Abu Huraira 
from the Prophet . ) 
2.311: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: It was forbidden to pray with the hands 
over one ' s hips . 
2.312: 

Narrated % Uqba bin Al-Harith: I offered the "Asr prayer with 
the Prophet and after finishing the prayer with Taslim he got 
up quickly and went to some of his wives and then came out . He 
noticed the signs of astonishment on the faces of the people 
caused by his speed. He then said, "I remembered while I was 
in my prayer that a piece of gold was Lying in my house and I 
disliked that it should remain with us throughout the night, 
and so I have ordered it to be distributed. " 
2.313: 

Narrated Abu Huraira, Allah's Apostle said, "When the Adhan 
for the prayer is pronounced, then Satan takes to his heels 
passing wind so that he may not hear the Adhan and when the 
Mu'adh-dhin finishes, he comes back; and when the Iqama is 
pronounced he again takes to his heels and when it is 
finished, he again comes back and continues reminding the 
praying person of things that he used not to remember when not 
in prayer till he forgets how much he has prayed. " Abu Salama 
bin N Abdur-Rahman said, "If anyone of you has such a thing 
(forgetting the number of rak^at he has prayed) he should 
perform two prostrations of Sahu (i.e. forget fulness) while 



sitting. " Abu Salama narrates this from Abu Huraira. 
2.314: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: People say that I narrate too many 
narrations of the Prophet; once I met a man (during the 
lifetime of the Prophet) and asked him, "Which Sura did 
Allah's Apostle s recite yesterday in the "Isha' prayer?" He 
said, "I do not know. " I said, "Did you not attend the 
prayer?" He said, "Yes, (I did) . " I said, "I know. He recited 
such and such Sura. " 
2.315: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Buhaina : Allah's Apostle once led us 
in a prayer and offered two rak" at and got up (for the third 
rak" a) without sitting (after the second rak" a). The people 
also got up with him, and when he was about to finish his 
prayer, we waited for him to finish the prayer with Taslim but 
he said Takbir before Taslim and performed two prostrations 
while sitting and then finished the prayer with Taslim. 
2.316: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Buhaina : Allah's Apostle got up after 
the second rak" a of the Zuhr prayer without sitting in between 
(the second and the third rak" at) . When he finished the prayer 
he performed two prostrations (of Sahu) and then finished the 
prayer with Taslim. 
2.311: 

Narrated' "Abdullah: Once Allah's Apostle offered five rak" at 
in the Zuhr prayer, and somebody asked him whether there was 
some increase in the prayer. Allah's Apostle said, "What is 
that?" He said, "You have offered five rak" at." So Allah's 
Apostle performed two prostrations of Sahu after Taslim. 
2.318: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet led us in the "Asr or the 
Zuhr prayer and finished it with Taslim. Dhul-Yadain said to 
him, "O Allah's Apostle! Has the prayer been reduced?" The 
Prophet asked his companions in the affirmative. So Allah's 
Apostle I offered two more rak" at and then performed two 
prostrations (of Sahu). Sa"d said, "I saw that 'Ursa bin 
Az-Zubair had offered two rak" at in the Maghrib prayer and 
finished it with Taslim. He then talked (and when he was 



Informed about it) he completed the rest of his prayer and 
performed two prostrations, and said, 'The Prophet prayed like 
this. ' " 
2.319: 

Narrated Abu Huraira. Once Allah's Apostle offered two rak^at 
and finished his prayer. So Dhul-Yadain asked him, "Has the 
prayer been reduced or have you forgotten?" Allah's Apostle 
said, "Has Dhul-Yadain spoken the truth?" The people replied 
in the affirmative. Then Allah's Apostle stood up and offered 
the remaining two rak^at and performed Taslim, and then said 
Takbir and performed two prostrations like his usual 
prostrations, or a bit longer, and then got up. 
2.320: 

Narrated Salama bin 'Alqama : I asked Muhammad (bin Seereen) 
whether Tashah-hud should be recited after the two 
prostrations of Sahu. He replied, "It is not (mentioned) in 
Abu Huraira ' s narration . " 
2.321: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet offered one of the evening 
prayers (the sub-narrator Muhammad said, "I think that it was 
most probably the "Asr prayer") and he finished it after 
offering two rak^at only. He then stood near a price of wood 
in front of the Mosque and put his hand over it . Abu Bakr and 
"Umar were amongst those who were present, but they dared not 
talk to him about that (because of excessive respect for him) , 
and those who were in a hurry went out . They said, "Has the 
prayer been reduced?" A man who was called Dhul-Yadain by the 
Prophet said (to the Prophet) , "Has the prayer been reduced or 
have you forgotten?" He said, "Neither have I forgotten, nor 
has the prayer been reduced. " He said, "Certainly you have 
forgotten. " So the Prophet offered two more rak^at and 
performed Taslim and then said Takbir and performed a 
prostration of Sahu like his ordinary prostration or a bit 
longer and then raised his head and said Takbir and then put 
his head down and performed a prostration like his ordinary 
prostration or a bit longer, and then raised his head and said 
Takbir. 
2.322: 



Narrated x Abdullah bin Buhalna Al-Asdl : (the ally of Banl 
" Abdul Muttalib) Allah's Apostle stood up for the Zuhr prayer 
and he should have sat (after the second rak*a but he stood up 
for the third rak^a without sitting for Tashah-hud) and when 
he finished the prayer he performed two prostrations and said 
Takbir on each prostration while sitting, before ending (the 
prayer) with Taslim; and the people too performed the two 
prostrations with him instead of the sitting he forgot . 
2.323: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "When the call for 
prayer is made, Satan takes to his heels passing wind so that 
he may not hear the Adhan and when the call is finished he 
comes back, and when the Iqama is pronounced, Satan again 
takes to his heels, and when the Iqama is finished he comes 
back again and tries to interfere with the person and his 
thoughts and say, "Remember this and that (which he has not 
thought of before the prayer) ", till the praying person 
forgets how much he has prayed. If anyone of you does not 
remember whether he has offered three or four rak*at then he 
should perform two prostrations of Sahu while sitting. 
2.324: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "When anyone of 
you stands for the prayers, Satan comes and puts him in doubts 
till he forgets how many rak^at he has prayed. So if this 
happens to anyone of you, he should perform two prostrations 
of Sahu while sitting. 
2.325: 

Narrated Kuraib: 

I was sent to Aisha by Ibn " Abbas, Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and 
* Abdur -Rahman bin Azhar . They told me to greet her on their 
behalf and to ask her about the offering of the two rak^at 
after the "Asr prayer and to say to her, "We were informed 
that you offer those two rak" at and we were told that the 
Prophet had forbidden offering them. " Ibn x Abbas said, "I 
along with *Umar bin Al-Khattab used to beat the people 
whenever they offered them. " I went to Aisha and told her that 
message. "Aisha said, "Go and ask Urn Salama about them. " So I 
returned and informed them about her statement . They then told 



me to go to Um Salama with the same question with which t sent 
me to ^Aisha. Um Salama replied, "I heard the Prophet 
forbidding them. Later I saw him offering them immediately 
after he prayed the *Asr prayer. He then entered my house at a 
time when some of the Ansari women from the tribe of Bani 
Haram were sitting with me, so I sent my slave girl to him 
having said to her, 'Stand beside him and tell him that Um 
Salama says to you, "O Allah's Apostle! I have heard you 
forbidding the offering of these (two rak* at after the *Asr 
prayer) but I have seen you offering them. " If he waves his 
hand then wait for him. ' The slave girl did that. The Prophet 
beckoned her with his hand and she waited for him. When he had 
finished the prayer he said, "O daughter of Bani Umaiya! You 
have asked me about the two rak^at after the ^Asr prayer. The 
people of the tribe of " Abdul-Qais came to me and made me busy 
and I could not offer the two rak^at after the Zuhr prayer. 
These (two rak^at that I have just prayed) are for those 
(missed) ones. 
2.326: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d As-Sa* idi : The news about the 
differences amongst the people of Bani "Amr bin % Auf reached 
Allah's Apostle and so he went to them along with some of his 
companions to affect a reconciliation between them. Allah's 
Apostle was delayed there, and the time of the prayer was due. 
Bilal went to Abu Bakr and said to him, "Allah' s Apostle has 
been delayed (there) and the time of prayer is due. So will 
you lead the people in prayer?" Abu Bakr said, "Yes, if you 
wish. " Bilal pronounced the Iqama and Abu Bakr, went forward 
and said Takbir for the people. In the meantime Allah's 
Apostle came crossing the rows (of the praying people) and 
stood in the (first) row and the people started clapping . Abu 
Bakr, would never glance sideways in his prayer but when the 
people clapped much he looked back and (saw) Allah's Apostle . 
Allah's Apostle beckoned him to carry on the prayer. Abu Bakr 
raised his hands and thanked Allah, and retreated till he 
reached the (first) row. Allah's Apostle went forward and led 
the people in the prayer. When he completed the prayer he 
faced the people and said, "O people! Why did you start 



clapping when something unusual happened to you in the prayer? 
Clapping is only for women. So whoever amongst you comes 
across something in the prayer should say, ' Subhan-Allah ' for 
there is none who will not turn round on hearing him saying 
Subhan-Allah. O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from leading the 
people in the prayer when I beckoned you to do so?" Abu Bakr 
replied, "How dare the son of Abu Quhafa lead the prayer in 
the presence of Allah's Apostle ?" 
2.327: 

Narrated Asma ' : 

I went to "Aisha and she was standing praying and the people, 
too, were standing (praying) . So I said, "What is the matter 
with the people?" She beckoned with her head towards the sky. 
I said, "(Is there) a sign?" She nodded intending to say, 
"Yes. " 
2.328: 

Narrated "Aisha the wife of the Prophet: Allah's Apostle 
during his illness prayed in his house sitting, whereas some 
people followed him standing, but the Prophet beckoned them to 
sit down. On completion of the prayer he said, "The Imam is to 
be followed. So, bow when he bows, and raise your head when he 
raises his head. " (See Hadith No. 657 Vol 1 for taking the 
verdict) . 

Bk. 23: Funerals (Al-Janaa'iz) 



2.329: 

Narrated Abu Dhar: Allah's Apostle said, "Someone came to me 
from my Lord and gave me the news (or good tidings) that if 
any of my followers dies worshipping none (in any way) along 
with Allah, he will enter Paradise. " I asked, "Even if he 
committed illegal sexual intercourse (adultery) and theft?" H 
replied, "Even if he committed illegal sexual intercourse 
(adultery) and theft. " 
2.330: 
Narrated "Abdullah: Allah's Apostle said, "Anyone who dies 



worshipping others along with Allah will definitely enter the 
Fire. " I said, "Anyone who dies worshipping none along with 
Allah will definitely enter Paradise. " 
2.331: 

Narrated Al-Bara' bin % Azib: Allah's Apostle ordered us to do 
seven things and forbade us to do other seven. He ordered us: 
to follow the funeral procession, to visit the sick, to accept 
invitations, to help the oppressed, to fulfill the oaths, to 
return the greeting and to reply to the sneezer: (saying, "May 
Allah be merciful on you, " provided the sneezer says, "All the 
praises are for Allah, ") . He forbade us to use silver utensils 
and dishes and to wear golden rings, silk (clothes) , Dibaj 

(pure silk cloth) , Qissi and Istabraq (two kinds of silk 

cloths) . 

2.332: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "The 

rights of a Muslim on the Muslims are to follow the funeral 

processions, to accept invitation and to reply the sneezer. 

(see Hadith No 331) 
2.333: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

Abu Bakr came riding his horse from his dwelling place in 
As-Sunh. He got down from it, entered the Mosque and did not 
speak with anybody till he came to me and went direct to the 
Prophet, who was covered with a marked blanket. Abu Bakr 
uncovered his face. He knelt down and kissed him and then 
started weeping and said, "My father and my mother be 
sacrificed for you, O Allah's Prophet! Allah will not combine 
two deaths on you. You have died the death which was written 
for you. " Narrated Abu Salama from Ibn " Abbas : Abu Bakr came 
out and ^Urnar , was addressing the people, and Abu Bakr told 
him to sit down but "Umar refused. Abu Bakr again told him to 
sit down but *Umar again refused. Then Abu Bakr recited the 
Tashah-hud (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allah 
and Muhammad is Allah's Apostle) and the people attended to 
Abu Bakr and left ^Umar. Abu Bakr said, "Amma ba'du, whoever 
amongst you worshipped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but 
whoever worshipped Allah, Allah is alive and will never die. 



Allah said: 'Muhammad is no more than an Apostle and indeed 
(many) Apostles have passed away before him . . (up to the) 
grateful. ' " (3.144) (The narrator added, "By Allah, it was as 
if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this verse 
before till Abu Bakr recited it and then whoever heard it, 
started reciting it . ") 
2.334: 

Narrated Kharija bin Zaid bin Thabit : Urn A1-" Ala' , an Ansari 
woman who gave the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet said to 
me, "The emigrants were distributed amongst us by drawing lots 
and we got in our share "Uthman bin Maz'un. We made him stay 
with us in our house. Then he suffered from a disease which 
proved fatal when he died and was given a bath and was 
shrouded in his clothes, Allah's Apostle came I said, 'May 
Allah be merciful to you, O Abu As-Sa'ib! I testify that Allah 
has honored you ' . The Prophet said, 'How do you know that 
Allah has honored him?' I replied, 'O Allah's Apostle! Let my 
father be sacrificed for you! On whom else shall Allah bestow 
His honor?' The Prophet said, 'No doubt, death came to him. By 
Allah, I too wish him good, but by Allah, I do not know what 
Allah will do with me though I am Allah's Apostle. ' By Allah, 
I never attested the piety of anyone after that . " 
2.335: 

Narrated Al-Laith as above. 
2.336: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah : When my father was martyred, I 
lifted the sheet from his face and wept and the people forbade 
me to do so but the Prophet did not forbid me. Then my aunt 
Fatima began weeping and the Prophet said, "It is all the same 
whether you weep or not . The angels were shading him 
continuously with their wings till you shifted him (from the 
field) . " 
2.337: 

Narrated Abu Huraira, Allah's Apostle informed (the people) 
about the death of An-Najashi on the very day he died. He went 
towards the Musalla (praying place) and the people stood 
behind him in rows. He said four Takbirs (i.e. offered the 
Funeral prayer) . 



2.338: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Zaid took over the 

flag and was martyred. Then it was taken by Jafar who was 

martyred as well . Then ^Abdullah bin Rawaha took the flag but 

he too was martyred and at that time the eyes of Allah's 

Apostle were full of tears. Then Khalid bin Al-Walid took the 

flag without being nominated as a chief (before hand) and was 

blessed with victory. " 

2.339: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas. A person died and Allah's Apostle used to 

visit him. He died at night and (the people) buried him at 

night . In the morning they informed the Prophet (about his 

death) . He said, "What prevented you from informing me?" They 

replied, "It was night and it was a dark night and so we 

disliked to trouble you. " The Prophet went to his grave and 

offered the (funeral) prayer. 

2.340: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "A Muslim whose three children die before 

the age of puberty will be granted Paradise by Allah due to 

his mercy for them. " 

2.341: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: The women requested the Prophet, "Please 

fix a day for us. " So the Prophet preached to them and said, 

"A woman whose three children died would be screened from the 

Hell Fire by them, " Hearing that, a woman asked, "If two 

died?" The Prophet replied, "Even two (would screen her from 

the (Hell) Fire. " And Abu Huraira added, "Those children 

should be below the age of puberty. " 

2.342: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "No Muslim whose three 

children died will go to the Fire except for Allah's oath 

(i.e. everyone has to pass over the bridge above the lake of 

fire) . " 

2.343: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet passed by a woman who was 

sitting and weeping beside a grave and said to her, "Fear 

Allah and be patient . " 



2.344: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya al-Ansariya: Allah's Apostle came to us 
when his daughter died and said, "Wash her thrice or five 
times or more, if you see it necessary, with water and Sidr 
and then apply camphor or some camphor at the end; and when 
you finish, notify me. " So when we finished it, we informed 
him and he gave us his waist-sheet and told us to shroud the 
dead body in it . 
2.345: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya Allah's Apostle came to us and we were 
giving a bath to his (dead) daughter and said, "Wash her 
three, five or more times with water and Sidr and sprinkle 
camphor on her at the end; and when you finish, notify me. " So 
when we finished, we informed him and he gave us his 
waist-sheet and told us to shroud her in it. Aiyub said that 
Hafsa narrated to him a narration similar to that of Muhammad 
in which it was said that the bath was to be given for an odd 
number of times, and the numbers 3, 5 or 7 were mentioned. It 
was also said that they were to start with the right side and 
with the parts which were washed in ablution, and that Um 
'Atiyya also mentioned, "We combed her hair and divided them 
in three braids. " 
2.346: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya: Allah's Apostle , concerning his (dead) 
daughter's bath, said, "Start with the right side, and the 
parts which are washed in ablution . " 
2.347: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya : When we washed the deceased daughter of 
the Prophet, he said to us, while we were washing her, "Start 
the bath from the right side and from the parts which are 
washed in ablution . " 
2.348: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya: The daughter of the Prophet expired, and 
he said to us, "Wash her three or five times, or more if you 
see it necessary, and when you finish, notify me. " So, (when 
we finished) we informed him and he unfastened his waist-sheet 
and told us to shroud her in it . 
2.349: 



Narrated Muhammad: Um 'Atiyya said, "One of the daughters of 
the Prophet died and he came out and said, 'Wash her three or 
five times or more, if you think it necessary, with water and 
Sidr, and last of all put camphor (or some camphor) and when 
you finish, inform me. ' " Um Atiyya added, "When we finished 
we informed him and he gave us his waist-sheet and said, 

'Shroud her in it.' " And Um 'Atiyya (in another narration) 
added, "The Prophet said, 'Wash her three, five or seven times 
or more, if you think it necessary. ' " Hafsa said that Um 

'Atiyya had also said, "We entwined her hair into three 
braids. " 
2.350: 

Narrated Hafsa bint Seereen : Um 'Atiyya said that they had 
entwined the hair of the daughter of Allah's Apostle in three 
braids. They first undid her hair, washed and then entwined it 
in three braids. " 
2.351: 

Narrated Ibn Seereen: Um 'Atiyya (an Ansari woman who gave the 
pledge of allegiance to the Prophet ) came to Basra to visit 
her son, but she could not find him. She narrated to us, "The 
Prophet came to us while we were giving bath to his (dead) 
daughter, he said: 'Wash her three times, five times or more, 
if you think it necessary, with water and Sidr, and last of 
all put camphor, and when you finish, notify me. ' " Um 'Atiyya 
added, "After finishing, we informed him and he gave us his 
waist sheet and told us to shroud her in it and did not say 
more than that . " 
2.352: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya: We entwined the hair of the dead daughter 
of the Prophet into three braids. Waki said that Sufyan said, 

"One braid was entwined in front and the other two were 

entwined on the sides of the head. " 

2.353: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya: One of the daughters of the Prophet 

expired and he came to us and said, "Wash her with Sidr 

(water) for odd number of times, i.e. three, five or more, if 
you think it necessary, and in the last, put camphor or (some 
camphor on her) , and when you finish, notify me. " So when we 



finished we informed him. He gave his waist-sheet to us (to 

shroud her) . We entwined the hair (of the deceased girl) in 

three braids and made them fall at her back. 

2.354: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle was shrouded in three Yemenite white Suhuliya 

(pieces of cloth) of cotton, and in them there was neither a 

shirt nor a turban. " 

2.355: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: While a man was riding (his Mount) in 

^Arafat, he fell down from it (his Mount) and broke his neck 

(and died) . The Prophet said, "Wash him with water and Sidr 
and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume 
him, nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day 
of Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik, ' (i.e. like a pilgrim)." 
2.356: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: While a man was at " Arafat (for Hajj) 
with Allah's Apostle the fell down from his Mount and broke 
his neck (and died). So Allah's Apostle said, "Wash him with 
water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth and 
neither perfume him nor cover his head, for Allah will 
resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection and he will be saying 

'Labbaik. " 
2.357: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: A man was killed by his camel while we 
were with the Prophet and he was a Muhrim. So the Prophet 
said, "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two 
pieces of cloth and neither perfume him nor cover his head, 
for Allah will resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection and he 
will be saying 'Labbaik ' . " 
2.358: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: A man fell from his Mount and died while 
he was with the Prophet at x Arafat . The Prophet said, "Wash 
him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth 
and neither perfume him nor cover his head, for he will be 
resurrected on the Day of Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik ' . " 
2.359: 
Narrated Ibn "Umar: When ^Abdullah bin Ubai (the chief of 



hypocrites) died, his son came to the Prophet and said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! Please give me your shirt to shroud him in 
it, offer his funeral prayer and ask for Allah's forgiveness 
for him." So Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) gave his shirt to him 
and said, "Inform me (When the funeral is ready) so that I may 
offer the funeral prayer. " So, he informed him and when the 
Prophet intended to offer the funeral prayer, ^Umar took hold 
of his hand and said, "Has Allah not forbidden you to offer 
the funeral prayer for the hypocrites? The Prophet said, "I 
have been given the choice for Allah says: ' (It does not 
avail) Whether you (O Muhammad) ask forgiveness for them 
(hypocrites) , or do not ask for forgiveness for them. Even 
though you ask for their forgiveness seventy times, Allah will 
not forgive them. (9.80)" So the Prophet offered the funeral 
prayer and on that the revelation came: "And never (O 
Muhammad) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (i.e. 
hypocrites) that dies. " (9. 84) 
2.360: 

Narrated Jabir: 

The Prophet came to (the grave of) " Abdullah bin Ubai after 
his body was buried. The body was brought out and then the 
Prophet put his saliva over the body and clothed it in his 
shirt . 
2.361: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet was shrouded in three pieces of cloth which were 
made of Suhul (a type of cotton) , and neither a shirt nor a 
turban were used. 
2.362: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle was shrouded in three pieces of cloth and 
neither a shirt nor a turban were used. 
2.363: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Allah's Apostle was shrouded in three pieces of cloth which 
were made of white Suhul and neither a shirt nor a turban were 
used. 
2.364: 



Narrated Sa^d from his father: Once the meal of * Abdur -Rahman 
bin ^Auf was brought in front of him, and he said, "Mustab bin 
% Umar was martyred and he was better than I, and he had 
nothing except his Burd (a black square narrow dress) to be 
shrouded in . Hamza or another person was martyred and he was 
also better than I and he had nothing to be shrouded in except 
his Burd. No doubt, I fear that the rewards of my deeds might 
have been given early in this world. " Then he started weeping. 
2.365: 

Narrated Ibrahim: 

Once a meal was brought to " Abdur-Rahman bin ^Auf and he was 
fasting. He said, "Mustab bin ^Umar was martyred and he was 
better than I and was shrouded in his Burd and when his head 
was covered with it, his legs became bare, and when his legs 
were covered his head got uncovered. Hamza was martyred and 
was better than I. Now the worldly wealth have been bestowed 
upon us (or said a similar thing) . No doubt, I fear that the 
rewards of my deeds might have been given earlier in this 
world. " Then he started weeping and left his food. 
2.366: 

Narrated Khabbab: 

We emigrated with the Prophet (p.b.u.h) in Allah's cause, and 
so our reward was then surely incumbent on Allah. Some of us 
died and they did not take anything from their rewards in this 
world, and amongst them was Mustab bin ^Umar; and the others 
were those who got their rewards. Mustab bin ^Umar was 
martyred on the day of the Battle of Uhud and we could get 
nothing except his Burd to shroud him in. And when we covered 
his head his feet became bare and vice versa. So the Prophet 
ordered us to cover his head only and to put idhkhir (a kind 
of shrub) over his feet . 
2.367: 

Narrated Sahl: 

A woman brought a woven Burda (sheet) having edging (border) 
to the Prophet, Then Sahl asked them whether they knew what is 
Burda, they said that Burda is a cloak and Sahl confirmed 
their reply. Then the woman said, "I have woven it with my own 
hands and I have brought it so that you may wear it . " The 



Prophet accepted it, and at that time he was in need of it. So 
he came out wearing it as his waist-sheet. A man praised it 
and said, "Will you give it to me? How nice it is!" The other 
people said, "You have not done the right thing as the Prophet 
is in need of it and you have asked for it when you know that 
he never turns down anybody's request." The man replied, "By 
Allah, I have not asked for it to wear it but to make it my 
shroud. " Later it was his shroud. 
2.368: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya: We were forbidden to accompany funeral 
processions but not strictly. 
2.369: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Seereen: One of the sons of Um 'Atiyya 
died, and when it was the third day she asked for a yellow 
perfume and put it over her body, and said, "We were forbidden 
to mourn for more than three days except for our husbands . " 
2.370: 

Narrated Zainab bint Abi Salama: When the news of the death of 
Abu Sufyan reached from Sham, Um Habiba on the third day, 
asked for a yellow perfume and scented her cheeks and forearms 
and said, "No doubt, I would not have been in need of this, 
had I not heard the Prophet saying: "It is not legal for a 
woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for more 
than three days for any dead person except her husband, for 
whom she should mourn for four months and ten days. " 
2.371: 

Narrated Zainab bint Abi Salama : I went to Um Habiba, the 
wife of Prophet, who said, "I heard the Prophets saying, 'It 
is not legal for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last 
Day to mourn for any dead person for more than three days 
except for her husband, (for whom she should mourn) for four 
months and ten days ' . " Later I went to Zainab bint Jahsh when 
her brother died; she asked for some scent, and after using it 
she said, "I am not in need of scent but I heard Allah's 
Apostle saying, 'It is not legal for a woman who believes in 
Allah and the Last Day to mourn for more than three days for 
any dead person except her husband, (for whom she should 
mourn) for four months and ten days. ' " 



2.372: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet passed by a woman who was 
weeping beside a grave. He told her to fear Allah and be 
patient . She said to him, "Go away, for you have not been 
afflicted with a calamity like mine. " And she did not 
recognize him. Then she was informed that he was the Prophet . 
so she went to the house of the Prophet and there she did not 
find any guard. Then she said to him, "I did not recognize 
you. " He said, "Verily, the patience is at the first stroke of 
a calamity . " 
2.373: 

Narrated Usama bin Zaid: The daughter of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) 
sent (a messenger) to the Prophet requesting him to come as 
her child was dying (or was gasping) , but the Prophet returned 
the messenger and told him to convey his greeting to her and 
say: "Whatever Allah takes is for Him and whatever He gives, 
is for Him, and everything with Him has a limited fixed term 

(in this world) and so she should be patient and hope for 
Allah's reward. " She again sent for him, swearing that he 
should come. The Prophet got up, and so did Sa^d bin 'Ubada, 
Mu"adh bin Jabal, Ubai bin Ka^b, Zaid bin Thabit and some 
other men. The child was brought to Allah's Apostle while his 
breath was disturbed in his chest (the sub-narrator thinks 
that Usama added: ) as if it was a leather water-skin. On that 
the eyes of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) started shedding tears. Sa^d 
said, "O Allah's Apostle! What is this?" He replied, "It is 
mercy which Allah has lodged in the hearts of His slaves, and 
Allah is merciful only to those of His slaves who are merciful 

(to others) . 
2.374: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: We were (in the funeral procession) 
of one of the daughters of the Prophet and he was sitting by 
the side of the grave. I saw his eyes shedding tears. He said, 

"Is there anyone among you who did not have sexual relations 
with his wife last night?" Abu Talha replied in the 
affirmative. And so the Prophet told him to get down in the 
grave. And so he got down in her grave. 
2.375: 



Narrated " Abdullah bin 'Ubaldullah bin Abl Mulalka: One of the 
daughters of " Uthman died at Mecca . We went to attend her 
funeral procession. Ibn "Umar and Ibn " Abbas were also 
present . I sat In between them (or said, I sat beside one of 
them. Then a man came and sat beside me.) "Abdullah bin "Umar 
said to "Amr bin "Uthman, "Will you not prohibit crying as 
Allah's Apostle has said, 'The dead person Is tortured by the 
crying of his relatives . ? " Ibn "Abbas said, " " Umar used to say 
so. " Then he added narrating, "I accompanied "Umar on a 
journey from Mecca till we reached Al-Balda. There he saw some 
travelers In the shade of a Samura (A kind of forest tree) . He 
said (to me), "Go and see who those travelers are. " So I went 
and saw that one of them was Suhalb. I told this to "Umar who 
then asked me to call him. So I went back to Suhalb and said 
to him, "Depart and follow the chief of the faithful 
believers . " Later, when "Umar was stabbed, Suhalb came In 
weeping and saying, "O my brother, O my friend! " (on this 

"Umar said to him, "O Suhalb! Are you weeping for me while the 
Prophet said, "The dead person Is punished by some of the 
weeping of his relatives?" Ibn "Abbas added, "When "Umar died 
I told all this to Alsha and she said, 'May Allah be merciful 
to "Umar. By Allah, Allah's Apostle did not say that a 
believer Is punished by the weeping of his relatives . But he 
said, Allah Increases the punishment of a non-believer because 
of the weeping of his relatives . " Alsha further added, "The 
Qur'an Is sufficient for you (to clear up this point) as Allah 
has stated: 'No burdened soul will bear another's burden. ' " 

(35.18). Ibn "Abbas then said, "Only Allah makes one laugh or 

cry. " Ibn "Umar did not say anything after that. 

2.376: 

Narrated "Alsha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) Once Allah ' s Apostle passed by (the 

grave of) a Jewess whose relatives were weeping over her. He 

said, "They are weeping over her and she Is being tortured In 

her grave. " 

2.377: 

Narrated Abu Burda: That his father said, "When "Umar was 

stabbed, Suhalb started crying: O my brother! "Umar said, 



'Don't you know that the Prophet said: The deceased is 
tortured for the weeping of the living' ?" 
2.378: 

Narrated Al-Mughira: I heard the Prophet saying, "Ascribing 
false things to me is not like ascribing false things to 
anyone else. Whosoever tells a lie against me intentionally 
then surely let him occupy his seat in Hell-Fire . " I heard the 
Prophet saying, "The deceased who is wailed over is tortured 
for that wailing. " 
2.379: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar from his father: The Prophet said, "The 
deceased is tortured in his grave for the wailing done over 
him. " 
2.380: 

Narrated Shu"ba: 

The deceased is tortured for the wailing of the living ones 
over him . 
2.381: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah : On the day of the Battle of 
Uhud, my father was brought and he had been mayhemed and was 
placed in front of Allah's Apostle and a sheet was over him. I 
went intending to uncover my father but my people forbade me; 
again I wanted to uncover him but my people forbade me. 
Allah's Apostle gave his order and he was shifted away. At 
that time he heard the voice of a crying woman and asked, "Who 
is this?" They said, "It is the daughter or the sister of 

"Amr. " He said, "Why does she weep? (or let her stop weeping) , 
for the angels had been shading him with their wings till he 

(i.e. the body of the martyr) was shifted away. " 
2.382: 

Narrated "Abdullah: the Prophet said, "He who slaps his 
cheeks, tears his clothes and follows the ways and traditions 
of the Days of Ignorance is not one of us. " 
2.383: 
Narrated 'Amir bin Sa"d bin Abi Waqqas : That his father said, 

"In the year of the last Hajj of the Prophet I became 
seriously ill and the Prophet used to visit me inquiring about 
my health. I told him, 'I am reduced to this state because of 



illness and I am wealthy and have no inheritors except a 
daughter, (In this narration the name of 'Amir bin Sa*d is 
mentioned and in fact it is a mistake; the narrator is "Aisha 
bint Sa"d bin Abi Waqqas) . Should I give two-thirds of my 
property in charity?' He said, 'No. ' I asked, 'Half?' He said, 

'No. ' then he added, 'One-third, and even one-third is much. 
You 'd better leave your inheritors wealthy rather than leaving 
them poor, begging others. You will get a reward for whatever 
you spend for Allah ' s sake, even for what you put in your 
wife's mouth. ' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Will I be left 
alone after my companions have gone?' He said, 'If you are 
left behind, whatever good deeds you will do will upgrade you 
and raise you high. And perhaps you will have a long life so 
that some people will be benefited by you while others will be 
harmed by you. O Allah! Complete the emigration of my 
companions and do not turn them renegades. ' But Allah's 
Apostle felt sorry for poor Sa"d bin Khaula as he died in 
Mecca. " (but Sa"d bin Abi Waqqas lived long after the Prophet 

(p.b.u.h) .) 
2.384: 

Narrated "Abdullah: The Prophet said, "He who slaps the 
cheeks, tears the clothes and follows the tradition of the 
Days of Ignorance is not from us. " 
2.385: 

Narrated "Abdullah: The Prophet said, "He who slaps the 
cheeks, tears the clothes and follows the traditions of the 
Days of Ignorance is not from us. " 
2.386: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

When the Prophet got the news of the death of Ibn Haritha, 
Ja" far and Ibn Rawaha he sat down and looked sad and I was 
looking at him through the chink of the door. A man came and 
told him about the crying of the women of Ja" far . The Prophet 
ordered him to forbid them. The man went and came back saying 
that he had told them but they did not listen to him. The 
Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Forbid them." So again he went and 
came back for the third time and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By 
Allah, they did not listen to us at all." ("Aisha added): 



Allah's Apostle ordered him to go and put dust in their 
mouths. I said, (to that man) "May Allah stick your nose in 
the dust (i.e. humiliate you)! You could neither (persuade the 
women to) fulfill the order of Allah ' s Apostle nor did you 
relieve Allah's Apostle from fatigue. " 
2.387: 

Narrated Anas: 

When the reciters of Qur'an were martyred, Allah's Apostle 
recited Qunut for one month and I never saw him (i.e. Allah's 
Apostle) so sad as he was on that day. 
2.388: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: One of the sons of Abu Talha became 
sick and died and Abu Talha at that time was not at home. When 
his wife saw that he was dead, she prepared him (washed and 
shrouded him) and placed him somewhere in the house. When Abu 
Talha came, he asked, "How is the boy?" She said, "The child 
is quiet and I hope he is in peace. " Abu Talha thought that 
she had spoken the truth. Abu Talha passed the night and in 
the morning took a bath and when he intended to go out, she 
told him that his son had died, Abu Talha offered the 

(morning) prayer with the Prophet and informed the Prophet of 
what happened to them. Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah bless 
you concerning your night . (That is, may Allah bless you with 
good offspring) . " Sufyan said, "One of the Ansar said, 'They 

(i.e. Abu Talha and his wife) had nine sons and all of them 
became reciters of the Qur'an (by heart). ' " 
2.389: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "The real patience is at the first stroke of 
a calamity . " 
2.390: 
Narrated Anas bin Malik: We went with Allah's Apostle 

(p.b.u.h) to the blacksmith Abu Saif, and he was the husband 
of the wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet) . Allah's 
Apostle took Ibrahim and kissed him and smelled him and later 
we entered Abu Saif's house and at that time Ibrahim was in 
his last breaths, and the eyes of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) 
started shedding tears. ^Abdur Rahman bin % Auf said, "O 



Allah's Apostle, even you are weeping! " He said, "O Ibn *Auf, 
this Is mercy. " Then he wept more and said, "The eyes are 
shedding tears and the heart Is grieved, and we will not say 
except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim ! Indeed we are 
grieved by your separation . " 
2.391: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Umar : Sa^d bin 'Ubada became sick and 
the Prophet along with ^Abdur Rahman bin % Auf, Sa^d bin Abl 
Waqqas and * Abdullah bin Mas^ud visited him to Inquire about 
his health. When he came to him, he found him surrounded by 
his household and he asked, "Has he died?" They said, "No, O 
Allah's Apostle." The Prophet wept and when the people saw the 
weeping of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) they all wept. He said, 

"Will you listen? Allah does not punish for shedding tears, 
nor for the grief of the heart but he punishes or bestows His 
Mercy because of this. " He pointed to his tongue and added, 

"The deceased Is punished for the walling of his relatives 

over him. " ^Urnar used to beat with a stick and throw stones 

and put dust over the faces (of those who used to wall over 

the dead) . 

2.392: 

Narrated Alsha: 

When the news of the martyrdom of Zald bin Harltha, Ja x far and 

^Abdullah bin Rawaha came, the Prophet sat down looking sad, 
and I was looking through the chink of the door. A man came 
and said, "O Allah's Apostle! The women of Ja* far, " and then 
he mentioned their crying . The Prophet (p.b.u.h) ordered him 
to stop them from crying. The man went and came back and said, 

"I tried to stop them but they disobeyed. " The Prophet 

(p.b.u.h) ordered him for the second time to forbid them. He 
went again and came back and said, "They did not listen to me, 

(or "us": the sub-narrator Muhammad bin Haushab Is In doubt as 
to which Is right). " (" Alsha added: The Prophet said, "Put 
dust In their mouths. " I said (to that man) , "May Allah stick 
your nose In the dust (I.e. humiliate you) . " By Allah, you 
could not (stop the women from crying) to fulfill the order, 
besides you did not relieve Allah's Apostle from fatigue." 
2.393: 



Narrated Um 'Atiyya: At the time of giving the pledge of 
allegiance to the Prophet one of the conditions was that we 
would not wail, but it was not fulfilled except by five women 
and they are Um Sulaim, Um Al-^Ala', the daughter of Abi Sabra 
(the wife of Mu^adh), and two other women; or the daughter of 
Abi Sabra and the wife of Mu^adh and another woman. 
2.394: 

Narrated 'Amir bin Rabija:, The Prophet said, "Whenever you 
see a funeral procession, stand up till the procession goes 
ahead of you. " Al-Humaidi added, "Till the coffin leaves you 
behind or is put down. " 
2.395: 

Narrated 'Amir bin Rabija: The Prophet said, "If any one of 
you see a funeral procession and he is not going along with 
it, then he should stand and remain standing till he gets 
behind it, or it leaves him behind, or the coffin is put down 
before it goes ahead of him . " 
2.396: 

Narrated Sa*id Al-Maqburi : That his father said, "While we 
were accompanying a funeral procession, Abu Huraira got hold 
of the hand of Marwan and they sat down before the coffin was 
put down. Then Abu Sa^id came and took hold of Marwan 's hand 
and said, "Get up. By Allah, no doubt this (i.e. Abu Huraira) 
knows that the Prophet forbade us to do that . " Abu Huraira 
said, "He (Abu Sa* id) has spoken the truth." 
2.397: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri The Prophet said, "When you see a 
funeral procession, you should stand up, and whoever 
accompanies it should not sit till the coffin is put down. " 
2.398: 

Narrated Jabir bin x Abdullah : A funeral procession passed in 
front of us and the Prophet stood up and we too stood up. We 
said, 'O Allah's Apostle! This is the funeral procession of a 
Jew. " He said, "Whenever you see a funeral procession, you 
should stand up. " 
2.399: 

Narrated "Abdur Rahman bin Abi Laila: Sahl bin Hunaif and Qais 
bin Sa^d were sitting in the city of Al-Qadisiya. A funeral 



procession passed in front of them and they stood up. They 
were told that funeral procession was of one of the 
inhabitants of the land i.e. of a non-believer, under the 
protection of Muslims. They said, "A funeral procession passed 
in front of the Prophet and he stood up. When he was told that 
it was the coffin of a Jew, he said, "Is it not a living being 

(soul) ?" 
2.400: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle said, When the 
funeral is ready and the men carry it on their shoulders, if 
the deceased was righteous it will say, 'Present me 

(hurriedly) , ' and if he was not righteous, it will say, 'Woe 

to it (me) ! Where are they taking it (me) ? ' Its voice is heard 

by everything except man and if he heard it he would fall 

unconscious . " 

2.401: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Hurry up with the 

dead body for if it was righteous, you are forwarding it to 

welfare; and if it was otherwise, then you are putting off an 

evil thing down your necks. " 

2.402: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri The Prophet said, "When a funeral 

is ready and the men carry the deceased on their necks 

(shoulders) , if it was pious then it will say, 'Present me 
quickly' , and if it was not pious, then it will say, 'Woe to 
it (me) , where are they taking it (me) ? ' And its voice is 
heard by everything except mankind and if he heard it he would 
fall unconscious . " 
2.403: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: Allah's Apostle offered the 
funeral prayer for An-Najashi and I was in the second or third 
row. 
2.404: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) informed his 
companions about the death of An-Najashi and then he went 
ahead (to lead the prayer) and the people lined up behind him 
in rows and he said four Takbir. 
2.405: 



Narrated Ash-Shalbanl : Ash Shu"bi said, "I was Informed by a 
man who had seen the Prophet going to a grave that was 
separate from the other graves and he aligned the people in 
rows and said four Takbir. " I said, "O Abu "Amr! who narrated 

(that) to you"? He said, "Ibn "Abbas. " 
2.406: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah : The Prophet said, "Today a 
pious man from Ethiopia (i.e. An Najashi) has expired, come on 
to offer the funeral prayer. " (Jabir said) : We lined up in 
rows and after that the Prophet led the prayer and we were in 
rows. Jabir added, I was in the second row. " 
2.407: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: Allah's Apostle passed by a grave of a 
deceased who had been buried at night . He said, "When was this 

(deceased) buried?" The people said, "Yesterday. " He said, 

"Why did you not inform me?" They said, "We buried him when it 
was dark and so we disliked to wake you up. " He stood up and 
we lined up behind him. (Ibn "Abbas said) : I was one of them, 
and the Prophet offered the funeral prayer. 
2.408: 

Narrated Ash-Shaibani : Ash-Shu "bi said, "Somebody who passed 
along with your Prophet (p.b.u.h) by a grave that was separate 
from the other graves informed me (saying) , "The Prophet led 
us (in the prayer) and we aligned behind him. " We said, "O Abu 

"Amr! Who told you this narration?" He replied, "Ibn "Abbas. " 

2.409: 

Narrated Nafi " : 

Ibn "Umar was told that Abu Huraira said, "Whoever accompanies 

the funeral procession will have a reward equal to one Qirat . " 

Ibn "Umar said, "Abu Huraira talks of a too enormous reward. " 

Aisha attested Abu Huraira 's narration and said, "I heard 

Allah's Apostle saying like that." Ibn "Umar said, "We have 

lost numerous Qirats. " 

2.410: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: that Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, 

"Whoever attends the funeral procession till he offers the 
funeral prayer for it, will get a reward equal to one Qirat, 
and whoever accompanies it till burial, will get a reward 



equal to two Qlrats . " It was asked, "What are two Qirats?" He 

replied, "Like two huge mountains . " 

2.411: 

Narrated 'Amir: 

Ibn * Abbas (who was at that time a boy) said, "Allah ' s Apostle 

came to a grave and the people said, 'He or she was buried 

yesterday. ' " Ibn " Abbas added, "We aligned behind the Prophet 

and he led the funeral prayer of the deceased. " 

2.412: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle informed about the news 

of the death of An-Najash (King of Ethiopia) on the day he 

expired. He said, "Ask Allah ' s forgiveness for your brother. " 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet made them align in rows at 

the Musalla and said four Takbir. 

2.413: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin "Umar : The Jew brought to the Prophet 

a man and a woman from amongst them who have committed 

(adultery) illegal sexual intercourse . He ordered both of them 

to be stoned (to death) , near the place of offering the 

funeral prayers beside the mosque. " 

2.414: 

Na rra ted * Urwa : 

Aisha said, "The Prophet in his fatal illness said, 'Allah 

cursed the Jews and the Christians because they took the 

graves of their Prophets as places for praying. " ' Aisha added, 

"Had it not been for that, the grave of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) 

would have been made prominent but I am afraid it might be 

taken (as a) place for praying. 

2.415: 

Narrated Samura bin Jundab: I offered the funeral prayer 

behind the Prophet for a woman who had died during childbirth 

and he stood up by the middle of the coffin. 

2.416: 

Narrated Samura bin Jundab I offered the funeral prayer behind 

the Prophet for a woman who had died during childbirth and he 

stood up by the middle of the coffin. 

2.417: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle informed about the news 



of the death of An-Najash on the day he died. He went out with 

us to the Musalla and we aligned in rows and he said four 

Takbirs for An-Najashi ' s funeral prayer. 

2.418: 

Narrated Jabir: 

The Prophet offered the funeral prayer of As-Hama An-Najash 

and said four Takbir. 

2.419: 

Narrated Talha bin x Abdullah bin *Auf: I offered the funeral 

prayer behind Ibn " Abbas and he recited Al-Fatiha and said, 

"You should know that it (i.e. recitation of Al-Fatiha) is the 
tradition of the Prophet Muhammad. 
2.420: 

Narrated Sulaiman Ash-Shaibani : I heard Ash-Shu % Jbi saying, "I 
was told by a man who had passed with the Prophet (p.b.u.h) by 
a grave that was separate from the other graves that he (the 
Prophet ) led them in the prayer and they prayed behind him. " 
I said, "O Abu ^Amr! Who narrated that to you?" He replied, 

"Ibn v Abbas. " 

2.421: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: A black person, a male or a female used 

to clean the Mosque and then died. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) did 

not know about it . One day the Prophet remembered him and 

said, "What happened to that person?" The people replied, "O 

Allah's Apostle! He died. " He said, "Why did you not inform 

me?" They said, "His story was so and so (i.e. regarded him as 

insignificant) . " He said, "Show me his grave. " He then went to 

his grave and offered the funeral prayer. 

2.422: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "When a human being is laid in his grave and 

his companions return and he even hears their foot steps, two 

angels come to him and make him sit and ask him: What did you 

use to say about this man, Muhammad ? He will say: I testify 

that he is Allah's slave and His Apostle. Then it will be said 

to him, 'Look at your place in the Hell-Fire. Allah has given 

you a place in Paradise instead of it. ' " The Prophet added, 

"The dead person will see both his places. But a non-believer 



or a hypocrite will say to the angels, 'I do not know, but I 
used to say what the people used to say! It will be said to 
him, 'Neither did you know nor did you take the guidance (by 
reciting the Qur'an). ' Then he will be hit with an iron hammer 
between his two ears, and he will cry and that cry will be 
heard by whatever approaches him except human beings and 
jinns . " 
2.423: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The angel of death was sent to Moses and 
when he went to him, Moses slapped him severely, spoiling one 
of his eyes. The angel went back to his Lord, and said, "You 
sent me to a slave who does not want to die. " Allah restored 
his eye and said, "Go back and tell him (i.e. Moses) to place 
his hand over the back of an ox, for he will be allowed to 
live for a number of years equal to the number of hairs coming 
under his hand. " (So the angel came to him and told him the 
same) . Then Moses asked, "O my Lord! What will be then?" He 
said, "Death will be then. " He said, "(Let it be) now. " He 
asked Allah that He bring him near the Sacred Land at a 
distance of a stone's throw. Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, 
"Were I there I would show you the grave of Moses by the way 
near the red sand hill . " 
2.424: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) offered the funeral 
prayer of a man one night after he was buried, he and his 
companions stood up (for the Prayer) . He had asked them about 
him before standing, saying, "Who is this?" They said, "He is 
so and so and was buried last night . " So all of them offered 
the funeral prayer. 
2.425: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

When the Prophet became ill, some of his wives talked about a 
church which they had seen in Ethiopia and it was called 
Mariya. Um Salma and Um Habiba had been to Ethiopia, and both 
of them narrated its (the Church ' s) beauty and the pictures it 
contained. The Prophet raised his head and said, "Those are 
the people who, whenever a pious man dies amongst them, make a 
place of worship at his grave and then they make those 



pictures in it . Those are the worst creatures in the Sight of 

Allah . " 

2.426: 

Narrated Anas: 

We were in the funeral procession of the daughter of Allah's 

Apostle and Allah's Apostle was sitting near the grave and I 

saw his eyes full of tears. He said, "Is there anyone amongst 

you who did not have sexual relations with his wife last 

night?" Abu Talha replied in the affirmative. And so Allah's 

Apostle told him to get down in her grave and he got down in 

her grave and buried her. 

2.427: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: The Prophet collected every two 

martyrs of Uhud in one piece of cloth, then he would ask, 

"Which of them had (knew) more of the Qur' an?" When one of 

them was pointed out for him, he would put that one first in 

the grave and say, "I will be a witness on these on the Day of 

Resurrection . " He ordered them to be buried with their blood 

on their bodies and they were neither washed nor was a funeral 

prayer offered for them. 

2.428: 

Narrated % Uqba bin 'Amir: One day the Prophet went out and 

offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud and then 

went up the pulpit and said, "I will pave the way for you as 

your predecessor and will be a witness on you. By Allah! I see 

my Fount (Kauthar) just now and I have been given the keys of 

all the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth) . By 

Allah! I am not afraid that you will worship others along with 

Allah after my death, but I am afraid that you will fight with 

one another for the worldly things. " 

2.429: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah : The Prophet buried every two 

martyrs in of Uhud in one grave. 

2.430: 

Narrated Jabir: 

The Prophet said, "Bury them (i.e. martyrs) with their blood." 

(that was) On the day of the Battle of Uhud. He did not get 
them washed. 



2.431: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah : Allah ' s Apostle shrouded every 
two martyrs of Uhud in one piece of cloth and then he would 
ask, "Which of them knew more Qur'an?" When one of them was 
pointed out he would put him first in the grave. He said, "I 
am a witness on these. " Then he ordered them to be buried with 
blood on their bodies. Neither did he offer their funeral 
prayer nor did he get them washed. (Jabir bin ^Abdullah 
added): Allah's Apostle used to ask about the martyrs of Uhud 
as to which of them knew more of the Qur'an. " And when one of 
them was pointed out as having more of it he would put him 
first in the grave and then his companions . (Jabir added) : My 
father and my uncle were shrouded in one sheet . 
2.432: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet said, "Allah has made Mecca a 
sanctuary (sacred place) and it was a sanctuary before me and 
will be so after me. It was made legal for me (to fight in it) 
for a few hours of the day. None is allowed to uproot its 
thorny shrubs or to cut its trees or to chase its game or to 
pick up its fallen things except by a person who announces it 
publicly. " On that Al-Abbas said (to the Prophet), "Except 
Al-Idhkhir for our goldsmiths and for our graves. " And so the 
Prophet added, "Except Al-Idhkhir. " And Abu Huraira narrated 
that the Prophet said, "Except Al-Idhkhir for our graves and 
houses. " And Ibn x Abbas said, "For their goldsmiths and 
houses. " 
2.433: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: Allah's Apostle came to 
^Abdullah bin Ubai (a hypocrite) after his death and he has 
been laid in his pit (grave) . He ordered (that he be taken out 
of the grave) and he was taken out . Then he placed him on his 
knees and threw some of his saliva on him and clothed him in 
his (the Prophet ' s) own shirt. Allah knows better (why he did 
so) . x Abdullah bin Ubai had given his shirt to Al-Abbas to 
wear. Abu Harun said, "Allah ' s Apostle at that time had two 
shirts and the son of x Abdullah bin Ubai said to him, 'O 
Allah's Apostle! Clothe my father in your shirt which has been 
in contact with your skin. ' ' Sufyan added, "Thus people think 



that the Prophet clothed " Abdullah bin Tubal in his shirt in 
lieu of what he (Abdullah) had done (for Al "Abbas, the 
Prophet 's uncle.) " 
2.434: 

Narrated Jabir: 

When the time of the Battle of Uhud approached, my father 
called me at night and said, "I think that I will be the first 
amongst the companions of the Prophet to be martyred. I do not 
leave anyone after me dearer to me than you, except Allah's 
Apostle's soul and I owe some debt and you should repay it and 
treat your sisters favorably (nicely and politely) . " So in the 
morning he was the first to be martyred and was buried along 
with another (martyr) . I did not like to leave him with the 
other (martyr) so I took him out of the grave after six months 
of his burial and he was in the same condition as he was on 
the day of burial, except a slight change near his ear. 
2.435: 

Narrated Jabir: 

A man was buried along with my father and I did not like it 
till I took him (i.e. my father) out and buried him in a 
separate grave. 
2.436: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: The Prophet collected every two 
martyrs of Uhud (in one grave) and then he would ask, "Which 
of them knew the Qur'an more?" And if one of them was pointed 
out for him as having more knowledge, he would put him first 
in the Lahd. The Prophet said, "I will be a witness on these 
on the Day of Resurrection . " Then he ordered them to be buried 
with their blood on their bodies and he did not have them 
washed. 
2.437: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: *Umar set out along with the Prophet 
(p.b.u.h) with a group of people to Ibn Saiyad till they saw 
him playing with the boys near the hillocks of Bani Mughal a . 
Ibn Saiyad at that time was nearing his puberty and did not 
notice (us) until the Prophet stroked him with his hand and 
said to him, "Do you testify that I am Allah's Apostle?" Ibn 
Saiyad looked at him and said, "I testify that you are the 



Messenger of illiterates. " Then Ibn Saiyad asked the Prophet 
(p.b.u.h) , "Do you testify that I am Allah's Apostle?" The 
Prophet (p.b.u.h) refuted it and said, "I believe in Allah and 
His Apostles." Then he said (to Ibn Saiyad), "What do you 
think?" Ibn Saiyad answered, "True people and liars visit me. " 
The Prophet said, "You have been confused as to this matter. " 
Then the Prophet said to him, "I have kept something (in my 
mind) for you, (can you tell me that?) " Ibn Saiyad said, "It 
is Al-Dukh (the smoke) . " (2) The Prophet said, "Let you be in 
ignominy. You cannot cross your limits. " On that ^Umar, said, 
"O Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop his head off. " The 
Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "If he is he (i.e. Dajjal), then you 
cannot overpower him, and if he is not, then there is no use 
of murdering him. " (Ibn ^Umar added) : Later on Allah's Apostle 
(p.b.u.h) once again went along with Ubai bin Ka^b to the 
date-palm trees (garden) where Ibn Saiyad was staying. The 
Prophet (p.b.u.h) wanted to hear something from Ibn Saiyad 
before Ibn Saiyad could see him, and the Prophet (p.b.u.h) saw 
him lying covered with a sheet and from where his murmurs were 
heard. Ibn Saiyad' s mother saw Allah's Apostle while he was 
hiding himself behind the trunks of the date-palm trees. She 
addressed Ibn Saiyad, "O Saf ! (and this was the name of Ibn 
Saiyad) Here is Muhammad. " And with that Ibn Saiyad got up. 
The Prophet said, "Had this woman left him (Had she not 
disturbed him) , then Ibn Saiyad would have revealed the 
reality of his case. 
2.438: 

Narrated Anas: 

A young Jewish boy used to serve the Prophet and he became 
sick. So the Prophet went to visit him. He sat near his head 
and asked him to embrace Islam. The boy looked at his father, 
who was sitting there; the latter told him to obey Abul-Qasim 
and the boy embraced Islam. The Prophet came out saying: 
"Praises be to Allah Who saved the boy from the Hell- fire. " 
2.439: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: My mother and I were among the weak and 
oppressed. I from among the children, and my mother from among 
the women . 



2.440: 

Narrated Ibn Shlhab: The funeral prayer should be offered for 
every child even if he were the son of a prostitute as he was 
born with a true faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but 
Allah Alone) . If his parents are Muslims, particularly the 
father, even if his mother were a non-Muslim, and if he after 
the delivery cries (even once) before his death (i.e. born 
alive) then the funeral prayer must be offered. And if the 
child does not cry after his delivery (i.e. born dead) then 
his funeral prayer should not be offered, and he will be 
considered as a miscarriage. Abu Huraira, narrated that the 
Prophet said, "Every child is born with a true faith (i.e. to 
worship none but Allah Alone) but his parents convert him to 
Judaism or to Christianity or to Magainism, as an animal 
delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?" 
Then Abu Huraira recited the holy verses: 'The pure Allah's 
Islamic nature (true faith i.e. to worship none but Allah 
Alone), with which He has created human beings. ' " (30.30) . 
2.441: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : Allah ' s Apostle said, "Every child is 
born with a true faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but 
Allah Alone) but his parents convert him to Judaism, 
Christianity or Magainism, as an animal delivers a perfect 
baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?" Then Abu Huraira 
recited the holy verses: "The pure Allah's Islamic nature 
(true faith of Islam) (i.e. worshipping none but Allah) with 
which He has created human beings. No change let there be in 
the religion of Allah (i.e. joining none in worship with 
Allah) . That is the straight religion (Islam) but most of men 
know, not." (30.30) 
2.442: 

Narrated Sa*id bin Al-Musaiyab from his father: When the time 
of the death of Abu Talib approached, Allah's Apostle went to 
him and found Abu Jahl bin Hisham and ^Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya 
bin Al-Mughira by his side. Allah's Apostle said to Abu Talib, 
"O uncle! Say: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, 
a sentence with which I shall be a witness (i.e. argue) for 
you before Allah. Abu Jahl and " Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya said, 



"O Abu Ta.li.bl Are you going to denounce the religion of " Abdul 
Muttalib?" Allah's Apostle kept on inviting Abu Talib to say 
it (i.e. 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah') 
while they (Abu Jahl and ^Abdullah) kept on repeating their 
statement till Abu Talib said as his last statement that he 
was on the religion of ^Abdul Muttalib and refused to say, 
'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah. ' (Then Allah's 
Apostle said, "I will keep on asking Allah's forgiveness for 
you unless I am forbidden (by Allah) to do so. " So Allah 
revealed (the verse) concerning him (i.e. It is not fitting 
for the Prophet and those who believe that they should invoke 
(Allah) for forgiveness for pagans even though they be of kin, 
after it has become clear to them that they are companions of 
the fire (9.113) . 
2.443: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet once passed by two graves, 
and those two persons (in the graves) were being tortured. He 
said, "They are being tortured not for a great thing (to 
avoid) . One of them never saved himself from being soiled with 
his urine, while the other was going about with calumnies (to 
make enmity between friends) . He then took a green leaf of a 
date-palm tree split it into two pieces and fixed one on each 
grave. The people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why have you done 
so?" He replied, "I hope that their punishment may be lessened 
till they (the leaf) become dry. " 
2.444: 

Narrated "All : 

" We were accompanying a funeral procession in Baqi-I-Gharqad. 
The Prophet came to us and sat and we sat around him. He had a 
small stick in his hand then he bent his head and started 
scraping the ground with it . He then said, "There is none 
among you, and not a created soul, but has place either in 
Paradise or in Hell assigned for him and it is also determined 
for him whether he will be among the blessed or wretched . " A 
man said, "O Allah's Apostle! Should we not depend on what has 
been written for us and leave the deeds as whoever amongst us 
is blessed will do the deeds of a blessed person and whoever 
amongst us will be wretched, will do the deeds of a wretched 



person?" The Prophet said, "The good deeds are made easy for 

the blessed, and bad deeds are made easy for the wretched. " 

Then he recited the Verses: — "As for him who gives (in 

charity) and is Allah-fearing And believes in the Best reward 

from Allah. " (9 

2.5-6) 

2.445: 

Narrated Thabit bin Ad-Dahhak: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, 

"Whoever intentionally swears falsely by a religion other than 
Islam, then he is what he has said, (e.g. if he says, 'If such 
thing is not true then I am a Jew, ' he is really a Jew) . And 
whoever commits suicide with piece of iron will be punished 
with the same piece of iron in the Hell Fire. " Narrated Jundab 
the Prophet said, "A man was inflicted with wounds and he 
committed suicide, and so Allah said: My slave has caused 
death on himself hurriedly, so I forbid Paradise for him. " 
2.446: 

Narrated Abu Huraira- : The Prophet said, "He who commits 
suicide by throttling shall keep on throttling himself in the 
Hell Fire (forever) and he who commits suicide by stabbing 
himself shall keep on stabbing himself in the Hell-Fire . " 
2.447: 

Narrated ^Umar bin Al-Khattab : When x Abdullah bin Ubai bin 
Salul died, Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) was called upon to offer 
his funeral prayer. When Allah's Apostle stood up to offer the 
prayer, I got up quickly and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Are you 
going to pray for Ibn Ubai and he said so and so on such and 
such occasions?" And started mentioning all that he had said. 
Allah's Apostle smiled and said, "O "Umarl Go away from me. " 
When I talked too much he said, "I have been given the choice 
and so I have chosen (to offer the prayer) . Had I known that 
he would be forgiven by asking for Allah ' s forgiveness for 
more than seventy times, surely I would have done so." (^Umar 
added): Allah's Apostle offered his funeral prayer and 
returned and after a short while the two verses of Surat Bara ' 
were revealed: i.e. "And never (O Muhammad) pray for any of 
them who dies . . . (to the end of the verse) rebellion 

(9.84)" — (^Umar added), "Later I astonished at my daring 



before Allah's Apostle on that day. And Allah and His Apostle 
know better. " 
2.448: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik, : A funeral procession passed and the 
people praised the deceased. The Prophet said, "It has been 
affirmed to him. " Then another funeral procession passed and 
the people spoke badly of the deceased. The Prophet said, "It 
has been affirmed to him". ^Umar bin Al-Khattab asked (Allah's 
Apostle (p.b.u.h) ), "What has been affirmed?" He replied, 

"You praised this, so Paradise has been affirmed to him; and 
you spoke badly of this, so Hell has been affirmed to him. You 
people are Allah's witnesses on earth." 
2.449: 

Narrated Abu Al-Aswad : I came to Medina when an epidemic had 
broken out. While I was sitting with ^Umar bin Al-Khattab a 
funeral procession passed by and the people praised the 
deceased. "Umar said, "It has been affirmed to him. " And 
another funeral procession passed by and the people praised 
the deceased. ^Umar said, "It has been affirmed to him. " A 
third (funeral procession) passed by and the people spoke 
badly of the deceased. He said, "It has been affirmed to him. " 
I (Abu Al-Aswad) asked, "O chief of the believers ! What has 
been affirmed?" He replied, "I said the same as the Prophet 
had said, that is: if four persons testify the piety of a 
Muslim, Allah will grant him Paradise. " We asked, "If three 
persons testify his piety?" He (the Prophet) replied, "Even 
three. " Then we asked, "If two?" He replied, "Even two. " We 
did not ask him regarding one witness. 
2.450: 
Narrated Al-Bara' bin * Azib : The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, 

"When a faithful believer is made to sit in his grave, then 

(the angels) come to him and he testifies that none has the 
right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's 
Apostle. And that corresponds to Allah's statement: Allah will 
keep firm those who believe with the word that stands firm . . 

. (14.27). 

2.451: 

Narrated Shu^ba: 



Same as above and added, "Allah will keep firm those who 

believe . . . (14.27) was revealed concerning the punishment 

of the grave. " 

2.452: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet looked at the people of the 

well (the well in which the bodies of the pagans killed in the 

Battle of Badr were thrown) and said, "Have you found true 

what your Lord promised you?" Somebody said to him, "You are 

addressing dead people. " He replied, "You do not hear better 

than they but they cannot reply. " 

2.453: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet said, "They now realize that what I used to tell 

them was the truth. "And Allah said, 'Verily! You cannot make 

the dead to hear (i.e. benefit them, and similarly the 

disbelievers) nor can you make the deaf hear. (27.80). 

2.454: 

Narrated Masruq: 

^Aisha said that a Jewess came to her and mentioned the 
punishment in the grave, saying to her, "May Allah protect you 
from the punishment of the grave." ^Aisha then asked Allah's 
Apostle about the punishment of the grave. He said, "Yes, 

(there is) punishment in the grave. " A-sha added, "After that 

I never saw Allah's Apostle but seeking refuge with Allah from 

the punishment in the grave in every prayer he prayed. " 

2.455: 

Narrated Asma ' bint Abi Bakr : Allah ' s Apostle once stood up 

delivering a sermon and mentioned the trial which people will 

face in the grave. When he mentioned that, the Muslims started 

shouting loudly. 

2.456: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle said, "When (Allah' s) 

slave is put in his grave and his companions return and he 

even hears their footsteps, two angels come to him and make 

him sit and ask, 'What did you use to say about this man (i.e. 

Muhammad)?' The faithful Believer will say, 'I testify that he 

is Allah's slave and His Apostle. ' Then they will say to him, 

'Look at your place in the Hell Fire; Allah has given you a 



place in Paradise instead of it . ' So he will see both his 
places. " (Qatada said, "We were informed that his grave would 
be made spacious . " Then Qatada went back to the narration of 
Anas who said; ) Whereas a hypocrite or a non-believer will be 
asked, "What did you use to say about this man. " He will 
reply, "I do not know; but I used to say what the people used 
to say. " So they will say to him, "Neither did you know nor 
did you take the guidance (by reciting the Qur'an) . " Then he 
will be hit with iron hammers once, that he will send such a 
cry as everything near to him will hear, except Jinns and 
human beings. (See Hadith No. 422) . 
2.457: 

Narrated Abi Aiyub: Once the Prophet went out after sunset and 
heard a dreadful voice, and said, "The Jews are being punished 
in their graves. " 
2.458: 

Narrated Musa bin "Uqba: (From the daughter of Khalid bin Sa 
id bin Al-^Asi) who said that she had heard the Prophet 
seeking refuge with Allah from the punishment in the grave. 
2.459: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : Allah ' s Apostle used to invoke (Allah) : 
"Allahumma ini a^udhu bika min ' adhabi-1-Qabr, wa min 
' adhabi-nnar, wa min fitnati-1-mahya wa-lmamat, wa min 
fitnati-1-masih ad-da jjal . (O Allah! I seek refuge with you 
from the punishment in the grave and from the punishment in 
the Hell fire and from the afflictions of life and death, and 
the afflictions of Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal. " 
2.460: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet once passed by two graves and 
said, "They (the deceased persons in those graves) are being 
tortured not for a great thing to avoid. " And then added, 
"Yes, (they are being punished for a big sin) , for one of them 
used to go about with calumnies while the other never saved 
himself from being soiled with his urine. " (Ibn " Abbas added) : 
Then he took a green leaf of a date-palm) and split it into 
two pieces and fixed one piece on each grave and said, "May 
their punishment be abated till these (two pieces) get dry. " 
2.461: 



Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar : Allah's Apostle said, "When 

anyone of you dies, he Is shown his place both In the morning 

and In the evening. If he Is one of the people of Paradise; he 

Is shown his place In It, and If he Is from the people of the 

Hell-Fire; he Is shown his place there-ln. Then It Is said to 

him, 'This Is your place till Allah resurrect you on the Day 

of Resurrection . " 

2.462: 

Narrated Abu Sa^ld Al-Khudrl : Allah's Apostle said, "When the 

funeral Is ready (for Its burial) and the people lift It on 

their shoulders, then If the deceased Is a righteous person he 

says, 'Take me ahead, ' and If he Is not a righteous one then 

he says, 'Woe to It (me)! Where are you taking It (me)?' And 

his voice Is audible to everything except human beings; and If 

they heard It they would fall down unconscious . " 

2.463: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Any 

Muslim whose three children died before the age of puberty 

will be granted Paradise by Allah because of His mercy to 

them. " 

2.464: 

Narrated Al-Bara ' : When Ibrahim (the son of Prophet) expired, 

Allah's Apostle said, "There Is a wet-nurse for him In 

Paradise. " 

2.465: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) was asked about 

the children of (Mushrlkeen) pagans. The Prophet replied, 

"Since Allah created them, He knows what sort of deeds they 

would have done. " 

2.466: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: The Prophet was asked about the 

offspring of pagans (Mushrlkeen) ; so he said, "Allah knows 

what sort of deeds they would have done. " 

2.467: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: The Prophet said, "Every child Is born 

with a true faith of Islam (I.e. to worship none but Allah 

Alone) and his parents convert him to Judaism or Christianity 

or Maglanlsm, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do 



you find it mutilated?" 

2.468: 

Narrated Samura bin Jundab: Whenever the Prophet finished the 

(morning) prayer, he would face us and ask, "Who amongst you 
had a dream last night?" So if anyone had seen a dream he 
would narrate it. The Prophet would say: "Ma sha'a-llah" (An 
Arabic maxim meaning literally, 'What Allah wished, ' and it 
indicates a good omen . ) One day, he asked us whether anyone of 
us had seen a dream. We replied in the negative. The Prophet 
said, "But I had seen (a dream) last night that two men came 
to me, caught hold of my hands, and took me to the Sacred Land 

(Jerusalem) . There, I saw a person sitting and another 
standing with an iron hook in his hand pushing it inside the 
mouth of the former till it reached the jawbone, and then tore 
off one side of his cheek, and then did the same with the 
other side; in the meantime the first side of his cheek became 
normal again and then he repeated the same operation again. I 
said, 'What is this?' They told me to proceed on and we went 
on till we came to a man Lying flat on his back, and another 
man standing at his head carrying a stone or a piece of rock, 
and crushing the head of the Lying man, with that stone. 
Whenever he struck him, the stone rolled away. The man went to 
pick it up and by the time he returned to him, the crushed 
head had returned to its normal state and the man came back 
and struck him again (and so on). I said, 'Who is this?' They 
told me to proceed on; so we proceeded on and passed by a hole 
like an oven; with a narrow top and wide bottom, and the fire 
was kindling underneath that hole. Whenever the fire-flame 
went up, the people were lifted up to such an extent that they 
about to get out of it, and whenever the fire got quieter, the 
people went down into it, and there were naked men and women 
in it . I said, 'Who is this?' They told me to proceed on. So 
we proceeded on till we reached a river of blood and a man was 
in it, and another man was standing at its bank with stones in 
front of him, facing the man standing in the river. Whenever 
the man in the river wanted to come out, the other one threw a 
stone in his mouth and caused him to retreat to his original 
position; and so whenever he wanted to come out the other 



would throw a stone in his mouth, and he would retreat to his 
original position. I asked, 'What is this?' They told me to 
proceed on and we did so till we reached a well-flourished 
green garden having a huge tree and near its root was sitting 
an old man with some children. (I saw) Another man near the 
tree with fire in front of him and he was kindling it up. Then 
they (i.e. my two companions) made me climb up the tree and 
made me enter a house, better than which I have ever seen. In 
it were some old men and young men, women and children. Then 
they took me out of this house and made me climb up the tree 
and made me enter another house that was better and superior 
(to the first) containing old and young people. I said to them 
(i.e. my two companions) , 'You have made me ramble all the 
night. Tell me all about that I have seen. ' They said, 'Yes. 
As for the one whose cheek you saw being torn away, he was a 
liar and he used to tell lies, and the people would report 
those lies on his authority till they spread all over the 
world. So, he will be punished like that till the Day of 
Resurrection. The one whose head you saw being crushed is the 
one whom Allah had given the knowledge of Qur'an (i.e. knowing 
it by heart) but he used to sleep at night (i.e. he did not 
recite it then) and did not use to act upon it (i.e. upon its 
orders etc.) by day; and so this punishment will go on till 
the Day of Resurrection. And those you saw in the hole (like 
oven) were adulterers (those men and women who commit illegal 
sexual intercourse) . And those you saw in the river of blood 
were those dealing in Riba (usury) . And the old man who was 
sitting at the base of the tree was Abraham and the little 
children around him were the offspring of the people. And the 
one who was kindling the fire was Malik, the gatekeeper of the 
Hell- fire. And the first house in which you have gone was the 
house of the common believers, and the second house was of the 
martyrs. I am Gabriel and this is Michael. Raise your head. ' I 
raised my head and saw a thing like a cloud over me. They 
said, 'That is your place. ' I said, 'Let me enter my place. ' 
They said, 'You still have some life which you have not yet 
completed, and when you complete (that remaining portion of 
your life) you will then enter your place. ' " 



2.469: 

Narrated Hisham' s father: Aisha said, "I went to Abu Bakr 

(during his fatal illness) and he asked me, 'In how many 
garments was the Prophet shrouded?' She replied, 'In three 
Suhuliya pieces of white cloth of cotton, and there was 
neither a shirt nor a turban among them. ' Abu Bakr further 
asked her, 'On which day did the Prophet die?' She replied, 

'He died on Monday. ' He asked, 'What is today?' She replied, 

'Today is Monday. ' He added, 'I hope I shall die sometime 
between this morning and tonight . ' Then he looked at a garment 
that he was wearing during his illness and it had some stains 
of saffron. Then he said, 'Wash this garment of mine and add 
two more garments and shroud me in them. ' I said, 'This is 
worn out. ' He said, 'A living person has more right to wear 
new clothes than a dead one; the shroud is only for the body's 
pus. ' He did not die till it was the night of Tuesday and was 
buried before the morning. " 
2.470: 

Narrated Aisha: 

A man said to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) , "My mother died suddenly 
and I thought that if she had lived she would have given alms. 
So, if I give alms now on her behalf, will she get the 
reward?" The Prophet replied in the affirmative. 
2.471: 

Narrated x Aisha : 
During his sickness, Allah's Apostle was asking repeatedly, 

"Where am I today? Where will I be tomorrow?" And I was 

waiting for the day of my turn (impatiently) . Then, when my 

turn came, Allah took his soul away (in my lap) between my 

chest and arms and he was buried in my house. 

2.472: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle in his fatal illness said, "Allah cursed the 

Jews and the Christians, for they built the places of worship 

at the graves of their prophets . " And if that had not been the 

case, then the Prophet ' s grave would have been made prominent 

before the people. So (the Prophet ) was afraid, or the people 

were afraid that his grave might be taken as a place for 



worship . 

2.473: 

Narrated Abu Bakr bin "Aiyash : Sufyan at-Tammar told me that 

he had seen the grave of the Prophet elevated and convex. 

2.474: 

Narrated " Urwa : 

When the wall fell on them (i.e. graves) during the caliphate 

of Al-Walid bin " Abdul Malik, the people started repairing it, 

and a foot appeared to them. The people got scared and thought 

that it was the foot of the Prophet . No one could be found who 

could tell them about it till I ("Urwa) said to them, "By 

Allah, this is not the foot of the Prophet but it is the foot 

of "Umar. " Aisha narrated that she made a will to "Abdullah 

bin Zubair, "Do not bury me with them (the Prophet and his two 

companions) but bury me with my companions (wives of the 

Prophet (p.b.u.h) ) in Al-Baqi as I would not like to be 

looked upon as better than I really am (by being buried near 

the Prophet) . " 

2.475: 

Narrated "Amr bin Maimun Al-Audi: I saw "Umar bin Al-Khattab 

(when he was stabbed) saying, "O "Abdullah bin "Umar! Go to 
the mother of the believers Aisha and say, "Umar bin 
Al-Khattab sends his greetings to you, ' and request her to 
allow me to be buried with my companions . " (So, Ibn "Umar 
conveyed the message to "Aisha.) She said, "I had the idea of 
having this place for myself but today I prefer him ("Umar) to 
myself (and allow him to be buried there) . " When "Abdullah bin 

"Umar returned, "Umar asked him, "What (news) do you have?" He 
replied, "O chief of the believers ! She has allowed you (to be 
buried there) . " On that "Umar said, "Nothing was more 
important to me than to be buried in that (sacred) place. So, 
when I expire, carry me there and pay my greetings to her 

("Aisha ) and say, "Umar bin Al-Khattab asks permission; and 
if she gives permission, then bury me (there) and if she does 
not, then take me to the graveyard of the Muslims. I do not 
think any person has more right for the caliphate than those 
with whom Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) was always pleased till 
his death. And whoever is chosen by the people after me will 



be the caliph, and you people must listen to him and obey 
him, " and then he mentioned the name of ^Uthman, "All, Talha, 
Az-Zubair, " Abdur-Rahman bin ^Auf and Sa^d bin Abi Waqqas . By 
this time a young man from Ansar came and said, "O chief of 
the believers! Be happy with Allah's glad tidings. The grade 
which you have in Islam is known to you, then you became the 
caliph and you ruled with justice and then you have been 
awarded martyrdom after all this. " ^Umar replied, "O son of my 
brother! Would that all that privileges will counterbalance 
(my short comings) , so that I neither lose nor gain anything . 
I recommend my successor to be good to the early emigrants and 
realize their rights and to protect their honor and sacred 
things. And I also recommend him to be good to the Ansar who 
before them, had homes (in Medina) and had adopted the Faith. 
He should accept the good of the righteous among them and 
should excuse their wrongdoers. I recommend him to abide by 
the rules and regulations concerning the Dhimmis (protectees) 
of Allah and His Apostle, to fulfill their contracts 
completely and fight for them and not to tax (overburden) them 
beyond their capabilities . " 
2.476: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Don't abuse the dead, because 
they have reached the result of what they forwarded . " 
2.477: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas. : Abu Lahab, may Allah curse him, once 
said to the Prophet (p.b.u.h), "Perish you all the day." Then 
the Divine Inspiration came: "Perish the hands of Abi Lahab! 
And perish he!" (11 
1.1). 
2.478: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Thy Prophet sent Mu^adh to Yemen and 
said, "Invite the people to testify that none has the right to 
be worshipped but Allah and I am Allah's Apostle, and if they 
obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has enjoined on 
them five prayers in every day and night (in twenty-four 
hours) , and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that 
Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay the Zakat from 



their property and it is to be taken from the wealthy among 

them and given to the poor. " 

2.479: 

Narrated Abu Aiyub: A man said to the Prophet "Tell me of such 

a deed as will make me enter Paradise. " The people said, "What 

is the matter with him? What is the matter with him?" The 

Prophet said, "He has something to ask. (What he needs 

greatly) The Prophet said: (In order to enter Paradise) you 

should worship Allah and do not ascribe any partners to Him, 

offer prayer perfectly, pay the Zakat and keep good relations 

with your Kith and kin. " (See Hadith No. 12, Vol 8) . 

2.480: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: A Bedouin came to the Prophet and said, 

"Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise, if I 
do it." The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Worship Allah, and 
worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed 
compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, and 
fast the month of Ramadan. " The Bedouin said, "By Him, in 
Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more than this. " When he 

(the Bedouin) left, the Prophet said, "Whoever likes to see a 
man of Paradise, then he may look at this man. " 
2.481: 

Narrated Abu Zur'a: From the Prophet the same as above. 
2.482: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: A delegation of the tribe of " Abdul Qais 
came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah's Apostle! We are from 
the tribe of Rabija, and the infidels of the tribe of Mudar 
stands between us and you; so we cannot come to you except 
during the Sacred Months. Please order us to do something 

(religious deeds) which we may carry out and also invite to it 
our people whom we have left behind. " The Prophet said, "I 
order you to do four things and forbid you four others: (I 
order you) to have faith in Allah, and confess that none has 
the right to be worshipped but Allah, (and the Prophet 
gestured with his hand like this (i.e. one knot) and to offer 
prayers perfectly and to pay the Zakat, and to pay one-fifth 
of the booty in Allah's Cause. And I forbid you to use Dubba', 
Hantam, Naqir and Muzaffat (all these are the names of 



utensils used for preparing alcoholic drinks) . " 
2.483: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: When Allah's Apostle died and Abu Bakr 
became the caliph some Arabs renegade (reverted to disbelief) 
(Abu Bakr decided to declare war against them), "Umar, said to 
Abu Bakr, "How can you fight with these people although 
Allah's Apostle said, 'I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight 
the people till they say: "None has the right to be worshipped 
but Allah, and whoever said it then he will save his life and 
property from me except on trespassing the law (rights and 
conditions for which he will be punished justly) , and his 
accounts will be with Allah. ' " Abu Bakr said, "By Allah! I 
will fight those who differentiate between the prayer and the 
Zakat as Zakat is the compulsory right to be taken from the 
property (according to Allah's orders) By Allah! If they 
refuse to pay me even a she-kid which they used to pay at the 
time of Allah's Apostle . I would fight with them for 
withholding it" Then ^Umar said, "By Allah, it was nothing, 
but Allah opened Abu Bakr's chest towards the decision (to 
fight) and I came to know that his decision was right. " 

Bk. 24: Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat) 

2.484: Narrated Jarir bin x Abdullah , I gave the pledge of 
allegiance to the Prophet for offering prayer perfectly, 
giving Zakat, and giving good advice to every Muslim. 
2.485: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : The Prophet said, " (On the Day of 
Resurrection) camels will come to their owner in the best 
state of health they have ever had (in the world) , and if he 
had not paid their Zakat (in the world) then they would tread 
him with their feet; and similarly, sheep will come to their 
owner in the best state of health they have ever had in the 
world, and if he had not paid their Zakat, then they would 
tread him with their hooves and would butt him with their 
horns. " The Prophet added, "One of their rights is that they 



should be milked while water is kept in front of them. " The 
Prophet added, "I do not want anyone of you to come to me on 
the Day of Resurrection, carrying over his neck a sheep that 
will be bleating. Such a person will (then) say, 'O Muhammad! 

(please intercede for me,) I will say to him. 'I can't help 
you, for I conveyed Allah's Message to you. ' Similarly, I do 
not want anyone of you to come to me carrying over his neck a 
camel that will be grunting. Such a person (then) will say "O 
Muhammad! (please intercede for me) . " I will say to him, "I 
can't help you for I conveyed Allah's message to you. " 
2.486: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever is made 
wealthy by Allah and does not pay the Zakat of his wealth, 
then on the Day of Resurrection his wealth will be made like a 
baldheaded poisonous male snake with two black spots over the 
eyes. The snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheeks and 
say, 'I am your wealth, I am your treasure. ' " Then the 
Prophet recited the holy verses: — 'Let not those who withhold 

. . .' (to the end of the verse). (3.180). 
2.487: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "No Zakat 
is due on property mounting to less than five Uqiyas (of 
silver) , and no Zakat is due on less than five camels, and 
there is no Zakat on less than five Wasqs . " (A Wasqs equals 60 
Sa's) & (1 Sa=3 K gms App . ) 
2.488: 

Narrated Zaid bin Wahab: I passed by a place called Ar-Rabadha 
and by chance I met Abu Dhar and asked him, "What has brought 
you to this place?" He said, "I was in Sham and differed with 
Muawiya on the meaning of (the following verses of the 
Qur'an): 'They who hoard up gold and silver and spend them not 
in the way of Allah. ' (9.34) . Muawiya said, 'This verse is 
revealed regarding the people of the scriptures . " I said, It 
was revealed regarding us and also the people of the 
scriptures. " So we had a quarrel and Mu'awiya sent a complaint 
against me to ^Uthman. ^Uthman wrote to me to come to Medina, 
and I came to Medina. Many people came to me as if they had 
not seen me before. So I told this to "Uthman who said to me, 



"You may depart and live nearby if you wish. " That was the 

reason for my being here for even if an Ethiopian had been 

nominated as my ruler, I would have obeyed him . 

2.489: 

Narrated Al-Ahnaf bin Qais : While I was sitting with some 

people from Quraish, a man with very rough hair, clothes, and 

appearance came and stood in front of us, greeted us and said, 

"Inform those who hoard wealth, that a stone will be heated in 
the Hell-fire and will be put on the nipples of their breasts 
till it comes out from the bones of their shoulders and then 
put on the bones of their shoulders till it comes through the 
nipples of their breasts the stone will be moving and 
hitting. " After saying that, the person retreated and sat by 
the side of the pillar, I followed him and sat beside him, and 
I did not know who he was. I said to him, "I think the people 
disliked what you had said. " He said, "These people do not 
understand anything, although my friend told me. " I asked, 

"Who is your friend?" He said, "The Prophet said (to me), 'O 
Abu Dhar! Do you see the mountain of Uhud? ' And on that I (Abu 
Dhar) started looking towards the sun to judge how much 
remained of the day as I thought that Allah's Apostle wanted 
to send me to do something for him and I said, 'Yes! ' He said, 

'I do not love to have gold equal to the mountain of Uhud 
unless I spend it all (in Allah's cause) except three Dinars 

(pounds) . These people do not understand and collect worldly 

wealth. No, by Allah, Neither I ask them for worldly benefits 

nor am I in need of their religious advice till I meet Allah, 

The Honorable, The Majestic. " ' 

2.490: 

Narrated Ibn Mas"ud: I heard the Prophet saying, "There is no 

envy except in two: a person whom Allah has given wealth and 

he spends it in the right way, and a person whom Allah has 

given wisdom (i.e. religious knowledge) and he gives his 

decisions accordingly and teaches it to the others. " 

2.491: 

Narrated Abu Huraira Allah's Apostle said, "If one give in 

charity what equals one date-fruit from the honestly earned 

money and Allah accepts only the honestly earned money — Allah 



takes it in His right (hand) and then enlarges its reward for 
that person (who has given it) , as anyone of you brings up his 
baby horse, so much s that it becomes as big as a mountain 
2.492: 

Narrated Haritha bin Wahab : I heard the Prophet saying, "O 
people! Give in charity as a time will come upon you when a 
person will wander about with his object of charity and will 
not find anybody to accept it, and one (who will be requested 
to take it) will say, "If you had brought it yesterday, would 
have taken it, but today I am not in need of it. " 
2.493: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The Hour (Day of 
Judgment) will not be established till your wealth increases 
so much so that one will be worried, for no one will accept 
his Zakat and the person to whom he will give it will reply, 
'I am not in need of it . ' " 
2.494: 

Narrated *Adi bin Hatim: While I was sitting with Allah's 
Apostle (p.b.u.h) two person came to him; one of them 
complained about his poverty and the other complained about 
the prevalence of robberies. Allah's Apostle said, "As regards 
stealing and robberies, there will shortly come a time when a 
caravan will go to Mecca (from Medina) without any guard. And 
regarding poverty, The Hour (Day of Judgment) will not be 
established till one of you wanders about with his object of 
charity and will not find anybody to accept it And (no doubt) 
each one of you will stand in front of Allah and there will be 
neither a curtain nor an interpreter between him and Allah, 
and Allah will ask him, 'Did not I give you wealth?' He will 
reply in the affirmative. Allah will further ask, 'Didn't send 
a messenger to you?' And again that person will reply in the 
affirmative Then he will look to his right and he will see 
nothing but Hell-fire, and then he will look to his left and 
will see nothing but Hell- fire. And so, any (each one) of you 
should save himself from the fire even by giving half of a 
date-fruit (in charity) . And if you do not find a hall 
date- fruit, then (you can do it through saying) a good 
pleasant word (to your brethren) . (See Hadith No. 793 Vol. 4). 



2.495: 

Narrated Abu Musa : Thy Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "A time will 
come upon the people when a person will wander about with gold 
as Zakat and will not find anybody to accept it, and one man 
will be seen followed by forty women to be their guardian 
because of scarcity of men and great number of women. " 
2.496: 

Narrated Abu Mas"ud: When the verses of charity were revealed, 
we used to work as porters. A man came and distributed objects 
of charity in abundance. And they (the people) said, "He is 
showing off. " And another man came and gave a Sa (a small 
measure of food grains) ; they said, "Allah is not in need of 
this small amount of charity. " And then the Divine Inspiration 
came: "Those who criticize such of the believers who give in 
charity voluntarily and those who could not find to give in 
charity except what is available to them. " (9. 79) . 
2.497: 

Narrated Abu Mas"ud Al-Ansar: Whenever Allah's Apostle 
(p.b.u.h) ordered us to give in charity, we used to go to the 
market and work as porters and get a Mudd (a special measure 
of grain) and then give it in charity. (Those were the days of 
poverty) and today some of us have one hundred thousand. 
2.498: 

Narrated ^Adi bin Hatim heard the Prophet saying: "Save 
yourself from Hell-fire even by giving half a date-fruit in 
charity. " 
2.499: 

Narrated Aisha: 

A lady along with her two daughters came to me asking (for 
some alms) , but she found nothing with me except one date 
which I gave to her and she divided it between her two 
daughters , and did not eat anything herself, and then she got 
up and went away. Then the Prophet came in and I informed him 
about this story. He said, "Whoever is put to trial by these 
daughters and he treats them generously (with benevolence) 
then these daughters will act as a shield for him from 
Hell-Fire." (See Hadith No. 24, Vol. 8). 
2.500: 



Narrated Abu Huraira: A man came to the Prophet and asked, "O 
Allah's Apostle! Which charity is the most superior in 
reward?" He replied, "The charity which you practice while you 
are healthy, niggardly and afraid of poverty and wish to 
become wealthy. Do not delay it to the time of approaching 
death and then say, 'Give so much to such and such, and so 
much to such and such. ' And it has already belonged to such 
and such (as it is too late) . " 
2.501: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Some of the wives of the Prophet asked him, "Who amongst us 
will be the first to follow you (i.e. die after you)?" He 
said, "Whoever has the longest hand. " So they started 
measuring their hands with a stick and Sauda ' s hand turned out 
to be the longest . (When Zainab bint Jahsh died first of all 
in the caliphate of "Umar) , we came to know that the long hand 
was a symbol of practicing charity, so she was the first to 
follow the Prophet and she used to love to practice charity. 

(Sauda died later in the caliphate of Muawiya) . 
2.502: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "A man 
said that he would give something in charity. He went out with 
his object of charity and unknowingly gave it to a thief. Next 
morning the people said that he had given his object of 
charity to a thief. (On hearing that) he said, "O Allah! All 
the praises are for you. I will give alms again. " And so he 
again went out with his alms and (unknowingly) gave it to an 
adulteress . Next morning the people said that he had given his 
alms to an adulteress last night. The man said, "O Allah! All 
the praises are for you. (I gave my alms) to an adulteress . I 
will give alms again. " So he went out with his alms again and 

(unknowingly) gave it to a rich person. (The people) next 
morning said that he had given his alms to a wealthy person. 
He said, "O Allah! All the praises are for you. (I had given 
alms) to a thief, to an adulteress and to a wealthy man. " Then 
someone came and said to him, "The alms which you gave to the 
thief, might make him abstain from stealing, and that given to 
the adulteress might make her abstain from illegal sexual 



Intercourse (adultery) , and that given to the wealthy man 

might make him take a lesson from it and spend his wealth 

which Allah has given him, in Allah's cause. " 

2.503: 

Narrated Ma 'n bin Yazid: My grandfather , my father and I gave 

the pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle. The Prophet got 

me engaged and then got me married. One day I went to the 

Prophet with a complaint. My father Yazid had taken some gold 

coins for charity and kept them with a man in the mosque (to 

give them to the poor) But I went and took them and brought 

them to him (my father) . My father said, "By Allah! I did not 

intend to give them to you. " I took (the case) to Allah's 

Apostle . On that Allah ' s Apostle said, "O Yazid! You will be 

rewarded for what you intended. O Man! Whatever you have taken 

is yours. " 

2.504: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Seven 

people will be shaded by Allah under His shade on the day when 

there will be no shade except His. They are: (1) a just ruler; 

(2) a young man who has been brought up in the worship of 
Allah, (i.e. worship Allah (Alone) sincerely from his 
childhood) , (3) a man whose heart is attached to the mosque 

(who offers the five compulsory congregational prayers in the 
mosque); (4) two persons who love each other only for Allah's 
sake and they meet and part in Allah's cause only; (5) a man 
who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for an 
illegal sexual intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of 
Allah; (6) a person who practices charity so secretly that his 
left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. 
nobody knows how much he has given in charity) . (7) a person 
who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes get flooded with 
tears. " 
2.505: 
Narrated Haritha bin Wahab Al-Khuza^i: I heard the Prophet 

(p.b.u.h) saying, " (O people!) Give in charity (for Allah's 
cause) because a time will come when a person will carry his 
object of charity from place to place (and he will not find 
any person to take it) and any person whom he shall request to 



take it, I will reply, 'If you had brought it yesterday I 
would have taken it, but today I am not in need of it. " 
2.506: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle said, "When a woman gives in charity some of 
the foodstuff (which she has in her house) without spoiling 
it, she will receive the reward for what she has spent, and 
her husband will receive the reward because of his earning, 
and the storekeeper will also have a reward similar to it. The 
reward of one will not decrease the reward of the others . " 
2.507: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "The best 
charity is that which is practiced by a wealthy person. And 
start giving first to your dependents . " 
2.508: 

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam The Prophet said, "The upper hand is 
better than the lower hand (i.e. he who gives in charity is 
better than him who takes it) . One should start giving first 
to his dependents. And the best object of charity is that 
which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is 
left after his expenses) . And whoever abstains from asking 
others for some financial help, Allah will give him and save 
him from asking others, Allah will make him self-sufficient . " 
2.509: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: I heard Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) while he 
was on the pulpit speaking about charity, to abstain from 
asking others for some financial help and about begging 
others, saying, "The upper hand is better than the lower hand. 
The upper hand is that of the giver and the lower (hand) is 
that of the beggar. " 
2.510: 

Narrated % Uqba bin Al-Harith: Once the Prophet offered the 
*Asr prayer and then hurriedly went to his house and returned 
immediately. I (or somebody else) asked him (as to what was 
the matter) and he said, "I left at home a piece of gold which 
was from the charity and I disliked to let it remain a night 
in my house, so I got it distributed . " 
2.511: 



Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet went out for the x Id prayer 

on the "Id day and offered a two rak*at prayer; and he neither 

offered a prayer before it or after it . Then he went towards 

the women along with Bilal . He preached them and ordered them 

to give in charity. And some (amongst the women) started 

giving their forearm bangles and earrings. 

2.512: 

Narrated Abu Burda bin Abu Musa: that his father said, 

"Whenever a beggar came to Allah's Apostle or he was asked for 

something, he used to say (to his companions) , "Help and 

recommend him and you will receive the reward for it; and 

Allah will bring about what He will through His Prophet ' s 

tongue. " 

2.513: 

Narrated Asma: 

The Prophet said to me, "Do not withhold your money, (for if 

you did so) Allah would withhold His blessings from you. " 

2.514: 

Na rra ted x Abda : 

The Prophet said, "Do not withhold your money by counting it 

(i.e. hoarding it), (for if you did so), Allah would also 

withhold His blessings from you. " 

2.515: 

Narrated Asma ' bint Abu Bakr: that she had gone to the Prophet 

and he said, "Do not shut your money bag; otherwise Allah too 

will withhold His blessings from you. Spend (in Allah's Cause) 

as much as you can afford. " 

2.516: 

Narrated Abu Wail: Hudhaifa said, "*Umar said, 'Who amongst 

you remembers the statement of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) about 

afflictions'?' I said, 'I know it as the Prophet had said it. ' 

*Umar said, 'No doubt, you are bold. How did he say it?' I 

said, 'A man's afflictions (wrong deeds) concerning his wife, 

children and neighbors are expiated by (his) prayers, charity, 

and enjoining good. ' (The sub-narrator Sulaiman added that he 

said, 'The prayer, charity, enjoining good and forbidding 

evil. ') % Umar said, 'I did not mean that, but I ask about that 

affliction which will spread like the waves of the sea. ' I 



said, 'O chief of the believers ! You need not be afraid of it 
as there is a closed door between you and it. ' He asked, 'Will 
the door be broken or opened? ' I replied, 'No, it will be 
broken. ' He said, 'Then, if it is broken, it will never be 
closed again?' I replied, 'Yes. ' " Then we were afraid to ask 
what that door was, so we asked Masruq to inquire, and he 
asked Hudhaifa regarding it . Hudhaifa said, "The door was 

"Uniar. "We further asked Hudhaifa whether "Umar knew what that 
door meant . Hudhaifa replied in the affirmative and added, "He 
knew it as one knows that there will be a night before the 
tomorrow morning. " 
2.517: 

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam: I said to Allah's Apostle, "Before 
embracing Islam I used to do good deeds like giving in 
charity, slave-manumitting, and the keeping of good relations 
with Kith and kin. Shall I be rewarded for those deeds?" The 
Prophet replied, "You became Muslim with all those good deeds 

(Without losing their reward) . " 
2.518: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle said, "When a woman gives in charity from her 
husband' s meals without wasting the property of her husband, 
she will get a reward for it, and her husband too will get a 
reward for what he earned and the storekeeper will have the 
reward likewise. " 
2.519: 

Narrated Abu Musa : The Prophet said, "An honest Muslim 
storekeeper who carries out the orders of his master and pays 
fully what he has been ordered to give with a good heart and 
pays to that person to whom he was ordered to pay, is regarded 
as one of the two charitable persons. " 
2.520: 

Narrate Aisha 

The Prophet said, "If a woman gives in charity from her 
husband' s house .." The Prophet (p.b.u.h) also said, "If a 
lady gives meals (in charity) from her husband's house without 
spoiling her husband's property, she will get a reward and her 
husband will also get a reward likewise. The husband will get 



a reward because of his earnings and the woman because of her 

spending . " 

2.521: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet said, "When a woman gives in charity from her 

house meals in Allah's Cause without spoiling her husband's 

property, she will get a reward for it, and her husband will 

also get the reward for his earnings and the storekeeper will 

get a reward likewise . " 

2.522: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : The Prophet said, "Every day two angels 

come down from Heaven and one of them says, 'O Allah! 

Compensate every person who spends in Your Cause, ' and the 

other (angel) says, 'O Allah! Destroy every miser. ' " 

2.523: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : The Prophet said, "The example of a 

miser and an almsgiver is like the example of two persons 

wearing iron cloaks." Allah's Apostle also said, "The example 

of an almsgiver and a miser is like the example of two persons 

who have two iron cloaks on them from their breasts to their 

collar bones, and when the almsgiver wants to give in charity, 

the cloak becomes capacious till it covers his whole body to 

such an extent that it hides his fingertips and covers his 

footprints (obliterates his tracks) . (1) And when the miser 

wants to spend, it (the iron cloak) sticks and every ring gets 

stuck to its place and he tries to widen it, but it did not 

become wide. 

2.524: 

Narrated Abu Burda: from his father from his grandfather that 

the Prophet said, "Every Muslim has to give in charity. " The 

people asked, "O Allah's Prophet! If someone has nothing to 

give, what will he do?" He said, "He should work with his 

hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what 

he earns) . " The people further asked, "If he cannot find even 

that?" He replied, "He should help the needy who appeal for 

help. " Then the people asked, "If he cannot do that?" He 

replied, "Then he should perform good deeds and keep away from 

evil deeds and this will be regarded as charitable deeds. " 



2.525: 

Narrated Um 'Atiyya: A sheep was sent to me (Nusaiba 

Al-Ansariya) (in charity) and I sent some of it to "Aisha. The 

Prophet asked ^Aisha for something to eat. ^Aisha replied that 

there was nothing except what Nusaiba Al-Ansariya had sent of 

that sheep. The Prophet said to her, "Bring it as it has 

reached its place. " 

2.526: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle said, "There is 

no Zakat on less than five camels and also there is no Zakat 

on less than five Awaq (of silver) . (5 Awaq = 22 Fransa Riyals 

of Yemen or 200 Dirhams . ) And there is no Zakat on less than 

five Awsuq. (A special measure of food-grains, and one Wasq 

equals 60 Sa's.) (For gold 20, Dinars i.e. equal to 12 Guinea 

English. No Zakat for less than 12 Guinea (English) of gold or 

for silver less than 22 Fransa Riyals of Yemen.) 

2.527: 

Narrated Abi Sa^id Al-Khudri : I heard the Prophet saying (as 

above — No. 526) 

2.528: 

Narrated Anas: 

Abu Bakr wrote to me what Allah had instructed His Apostle 

(p.b.u.h) to do regarding the one who had to pay one Bint 
Makhad (i.e. one year-old she-camel) as Zakat, and he did not 
have it but had got Bint Labun (two year old she-camel) . (He 
wrote that) it could be accepted from him as Zakat, and the 
collector of Zakat would return him 20 Dirhams or two sheep; 
and if the Zakat payer had not a Bint Makhad, but he had Ibn 
Labun (a two year old he-camel) then it could be accepted as 
his Zakat, but he would not be paid anything . 
2.529: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas : I am a witness that Allah's Apostle 
offered the Id prayer before delivering the sermon and then he 
thought that the women would not be able to hear him (because 
of the distance) , so he went to them along with Bilal who was 
spreading his garment . The Prophet advised and ordered them to 
give in charity. So the women started giving their ornaments 

(in charity) . (The sub-narrator Aiyub pointed towards his ears 



and neck meaning that they gave ornaments from those places 

such as earrings and necklaces . ) 

2.530: 

Narrated Anas: 

Abu Bakr wrote to me what was made compulsory by Allah's 

Apostle and that was (regarding the payments of Zakat) : 

Neither the property of different people may be taken together 

nor the joint property may be split for fear of (paying more, 

or receiving less) Zakat. 

2.531: 

Narrated Anas: 

Abu Bakr wrote to me what Allah's Apostle has made compulsory 

(regarding Zakat) and this was mentioned in it : If a property 
is equally owned by two partners, they should pay the combined 
Zakat and it will be considered that both of them have paid 
their Zakat equally. 
2.532: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : A Bedouin asked Allah's Apostle 
about the emigration. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "May Allah 
have mercy on you! The matter of emigration is very hard. Have 
you got camels? Do you pay their Zakat?" The Bedouin said, 

"Yes, I have camels and I pay their Zakat. " The Prophet said, 
Work beyond the seas and Allah will not decrease (waste) any 
of your good deeds. " (See Hadith No. 260 Vol. 5) . 
2.533: 

Narrated Anas: 

Abu Bakr , wrote to me about the Zakat which Allah had ordered 
His Apostle to observe: Whoever had to pay Jahda (Jahda means 
a four-year-old she-camel) as Zakat from his herd of camels 
and he had not got one, and he had Hiqqa (three-year-old 
she-camel) , that Hiqqa should be accepted from him along with 
two sheep if they were available or twenty Dirhams (one Durham 
equals about 1/4 Saudi Riyal) and whoever had to pay Hiqqa as 
Zakat and he had no Hiqqa but had a Jadha, the Jadha should be 
accepted from him, and the Zakat collector should repay him 
twenty Dirhams or two sheep; and whoever had to pay Hiqqa as 
Zakat and he had not got one, but had a Bint Labun 

(two-year-old she-camel) , it should be accepted from him along 



with two sheep or twenty Dirhams; and whoever had to pay Bint 
Labun and had a Hiqqa, that Hiqqa should be accepted from him 
and the Zakat collector should repay him twenty Dirhams or two 
sheep; and whoever had to pay Bint Labun and he had not got 
one but had a Bint Makhad (one-year-old she camel) , that Bint 
Makhad should be accepted from him along with twenty Dirhams 
or two sheep. 
2.534: 

Narrated Anas: 

When Abu Bakr; sent me to (collect the Zakat from) Bahrain, he 
wrote to me the following: — (In the name of Allah, the 
Beneficent, the Merciful) . These are the orders for compulsory 
charity (Zakat) which Allah's Apostle had made obligatory for 
every Muslim, and which Allah had ordered His Apostle to 
observe: Whoever amongst the Muslims is asked to pay Zakat 
accordingly, he should pay it (to the Zakat collector) and 
whoever is asked more than that (what is specified in this 
script) he should not pay it; for twenty-four camels or less, 
sheep are to be paid as Zakat; for every five camels one sheep 
is to be paid, and if there are between twenty-five to 
thirty- five camels, one Bint Makhad is to be paid; and if they 
are between thirty-six to forty-five (camels) , one Bint Labun 
is to be paid; and if they are between forty-six to sixty 

(camels) , one Hiqqa is to be paid; and if the number is 
between sixty-one to seventy-five (camels) , one Jadha is to be 
paid; and if the number is between seventy-six to ninety 

(camels) , two Bint Labuns are to be paid; and if they are from 
ninety-one to one-hundred-and twenty (camels) , two Hiqqas are 
to be paid; and if they are over one-hundred and-twenty 

(camels) , for every forty (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one 
Bint Labun is to be paid, and for every fifty camels (over 
one-hundred-and-twenty) one Hiqqa is to be paid; and who ever 
has got only four camels, has to pay nothing as Zakat, but if 
the owner of these four camels wants to give something, he 
can. If the number of camels increases to five, the owner has 
to pay one sheep as Zakat . As regards the Zakat for the 

(flock) of sheep; if they are between forty and 
one-hundred-and-twenty sheep, one sheep is to be paid; and if 



they are between one-hundred-and-twenty to two hundred 
(sheep) , two sheep are to be paid; and if they are between 
two-hundred to three-hundred (sheep) , three sheep are to be 
paid; and for over three-hundred sheep, for every extra 
hundred sheep, one sheep is to be paid as Zakat . And if 
somebody has got less than forty sheep, no Zakat is required, 
but if he wants to give, he can. For silver the Zakat is 
one- fortieth of the lot (i.e. 

2.5%), and if its value is less than two-hundred Dirhams, 
Zakat is not required, but if the owner wants to pay he can. ' 
2.535: 

Narrated Anas: 

Abu Bakr wrote to me what Allah had ordered His Apostle (about 
Zakat) which goes: Neither an old nor a defected animal, nor a 
male-goat may be taken as Zakat except if the Zakat collector 
wishes (to take it) . 
2.536: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Abu Bakr said, "By Allah! If they (pay 
me the Zakat and) withhold even a she-kid which they used to 
pay during the lifetime of Allah ' s Apostle, I will fight with 
them for it. " "Umar said, "It was nothing but Allah Who opened 
Abu Bakr's chest towards the decision to fight, and I came to 
know that his decision was right . " 
2.537: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: When Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) sent 
Mu^adh to Yemen, he said (to him), "YOU are going to people of 
a (Divine) Book. First of all invite them to worship Allah 
(alone) and when they come to know Allah, inform them that 
Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers in every day and 
night; and if they start offering these prayers, inform them 
that Allah has enjoined on them, the Zakat . And it is to be 
taken from the rich amongst them and given to the poor amongst 
them; and if they obey you in that, take Zakat from them and 
avoid (don't take) the best property of the people as Zakat. " 
2.538: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle said, "No Zakat 
is imposed on less than five Awsuq of dates; no Zakat is 
imposed on less than five Awaq of silver, and no Zakat is 



imposed on less than five camels. " 
2.539: 

Narrated Abu Dhar: Once I went to him (the Prophet ) and he 
said, "By Allah in Whose Hands my life is (or probably said, 
'By Allah, except Whom none has the right to be worshipped) 
whoever had camels or cows or sheep and did not pay their 
Zakat, those animals will be brought on the Day of 
Resurrection far bigger and fatter than before and they will 
tread him under their hooves, and will butt him with their 
horns, and (those animals will come in circle) : When the last 
does its turn, the first will start again, and this punishment 
will go on till Allah has finished the judgments amongst the 
people. " 
2.540: 

Narrated 'Is-haq bin N Abdullah bin Al Talha: I heard Anas bin 
Malik saying, "Abu Talha had more property of date-palm trees 
gardens than any other amongst the Ansar in Medina and the 
most beloved of them to him was Bairuha garden, and it was in 
front of the Mosque of the Prophet . Allah's Apostle used to 
go there and used to drink its nice water. " Anas added, "When 
these verses were revealed: — 'By no means shall you Attain 
righteousness unless You spend (in charity) of that Which you 
love. ' (3.92) Abu Talha said to Allah's Apostle 'O Allah's 
Apostle! Allah, the Blessed, the Superior says: By no means 
shall you attain righteousness , unless you spend (in charity) 
of that which you love. And no doubt, Bairuha' garden is the 
most beloved of all my property to me. So I want to give it in 
charity in Allah's Cause. I expect its reward from Allah. O 
Allah's Apostle! Spend it where Allah makes you think it 
feasible. ' On that Allah's Apostle said, 'Bravo! It is useful 
property . I have heard what you have said (O Abu Talha) , and I 
think it would be proper if you gave it to your Kith and kin. ' 
Abu Talha said, I will do so, O Allah's Apostle. ' Then Abu 
Talha distributed that garden amongst his relatives and his 
cousins. " 
2.541: 

Narrated Abu Sa*id Al-Khudri On " Id ul Fitr or x Id ul Adha 
Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) went out to the Musalla. After 



finishing the prayer, he delivered the sermon and ordered the 
people to give alms. He said, "O people! Give alms. " Then he 
went towards the women and said. "O women! Give alms, for I 
have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-Fire were 
you (women) . " The women asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What is the 
reason for it?" He replied, "O women! You curse frequently, 
and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone 
more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. O women, 
some of you can lead a cautious wise man astray. " Then he 
left. And when he reached his house, Zainab, the wife of Ibn 
Mas"ud, came and asked permission to enter It was said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! It is Zainab." He asked, 'Which Zainab?" The 
reply was that she was the wife of Ibn Mas'ub. He said, "Yes, 
allow her to enter. " And she was admitted. Then she said, "O 
Prophet of Allah! Today you ordered people to give alms and I 
had an ornament and intended to give it as alms, but Ibn 
Mas"ud said that he and his children deserved it more than 
anybody else. " The Prophet replied, "Ibn Mas^ud had spoken the 
truth. Your husband and your children had more right to it 
than anybody else. " 
2.542: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "There is no Zakat 
either on a horse or a slave belonging to a Muslim. " 
2.543: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "There is no Zakat 
either on a slave or on a horse belonging to a Muslim. " 
2.544: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Once the Prophet sat on a 
pulpit and we sat around him. Then he said, "The things I am 
afraid of most for your sake (concerning what will befall you 
after me) is the pleasures and splendors of the world and its 
beauties which will be disclosed to you. " Somebody said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! Can the good bring forth evil?" The Prophet 
remained silent for a while. It was said to that person, "What 
is wrong with you? You are talking to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) 
while he is not talking to you. " Then we noticed that he was 
being inspired divinely. Then the Prophet wiped off his sweat 
and said, "Where is the questioner?" It seemed as if the 



Prophet liked his question. Then he said, "Good never brings 
forth evil . Indeed it is like what grows on the banks of a 
water-stream which either kill or make the animals sick, 
except if an animal eats its fill the Khadira (a kind of 
vegetable) and then faces the sun, and then defecates and 
urinates and grazes again. No doubt this wealth is sweet and 
green. Blessed is the wealth of a Muslim from which he gives 
to the poor, the orphans and to needy travelers . (Or the 
Prophet said something similar to it) No doubt, whoever takes 
it illegally will be like the one who eats but is never 
satisfied, and his wealth will be a witness against him on the 
Day of Resurrection . " 
2.545: 

Narrated "Amr bin Al-Harith: Zainab, the wife of ^Abdullah 
said, "I was in the Mosque and saw the Prophet (p.b.u.h) 
saying, 'O women ! Give alms even from your ornaments . ' " 
Zainab used to provide for x Abdullah and those orphans who 
were under her protection. So she said to x Abdullah, "Will you 
ask Allah's Apostle whether it will be sufficient for me to 
spend part of the Zakat on you and the orphans who are under 
my protection?" He replied "Will you yourself ask Allah's 
Apostle ?" (Zainab added) : So I went to the Prophet and I saw 
there an Ansari woman who was standing at the door (of the 
Prophet ) with a similar problem as mine. Bilal passed by us 
and we asked him, 'Ask the Prophet whether it is permissible 
for me to spend (the Zakat) on my husband and the orphans 
under my protection. ' And we requested Bilal not to inform the 
Prophet about us. So Bilal went inside and asked the Prophet 
regarding our problem. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) asked, "Who are 
those two?" Bilal replied that she was Zainab. The Prophet 
said, "Which Zainab?" Bilal said, "The wife of x Abdullah (bin 
Mas*ud) . " The Prophet said, "Yes, (it is sufficient for her) 
and she will receive a double rewards (for that) : One for 
helping relatives, and the other for giving Zakat. " 
2.546: 

Narrated Zainab, : 

(the daughter of Urn Salama) My mother said, "O Allah ' s 
Apostle! Shall I receive a reward if I spend for the 



sustenance of Abu Salama's offspring, and in fact they are 
also my sons?" The Prophet replied, "Spend on them and you 
will get a reward for what you spend on them. " 
2.547: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) ordered (a 
person) to collect Zakat, and that person returned and told 
him that Ibn Jamil, Khalid bin Al-Walid, and " Abbas bin * Abdul 
Muttalib had refused to give Zakat . " The Prophet said, "What 
made Ibn Jamil refuse to give Zakat though he was a poor man, 
and was made wealthy by Allah and His Apostle ? But you are 
unfair in asking Zakat from Khalid as he is keeping his armor 
for Allah's Cause (for Jihad). As for x Abbas bin x Abdul 
Muttalib, he is the uncle of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) and 
Zakat is compulsory on him and he should pay it double. " 
2.548: 
Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Some Ansari persons asked for 

(something) from Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) and he gave them. 

They again asked him for (something) and he again gave them. 

And then they asked him and he gave them again till all that 

was with him finished. And then he said "If I had anything. I 

would not keep it away from you. (Remember) Whoever abstains 

from asking others, Allah will make him contented, and whoever 

tries to make himself self-sufficient, Allah will make him 

self-sufficient . And whoever remains patient, Allah will make 

him patient . Nobody can be given a blessing better and greater 

than patience . " 

2.549: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : Allah ' s Apostle said, "By Him in Whose 

Hand my life is, it is better for anyone of you to take a rope 

and cut the wood (from the forest) and carry it over his back 

and sell it (as a means of earning his living) rather than to 

ask a person for something and that person may give him or 

not . " 

2.550: 

Narrated Az-Zubair bin Al-*Awwam: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, 

"It is better for anyone of you to take a rope (and cut) and 
bring a bundle of wood (from the forest) over his back and 
sell it and Allah will save his face (from the Hell-Fire) 



because of that, rather than to ask the people who may give 
him or not . " 
2.551: 

Narrated ^Urwa bin Az-Zubair and Sa"id bin Al-Musaiyab: Hakim 
bin Hizam said, "(Once) I asked Allah's Apostle (for 
something) and he gave it to me. Again I asked and he gave (it 
to me) . Again I asked and he gave (it to me) . And then he 
said, "O Hakim! This property is like a sweet fresh fruit; 
whoever takes it without greediness, he is blessed in it, and 
whoever takes it with greediness, he is not blessed in it, and 
he is like a person who eats but is never satisfied; and the 
upper (giving) hand is better than the lower (receiving) 
hand. " Hakim added, "I said to Allah ' s Apostle , 'By Him 
(Allah) Who sent you with the Truth, I shall never accept 
anything from anybody after you, till I leave this world. ' " 
Then Abu Bakr (during his caliphate) called Hakim to give him 
his share from the war booty (like the other companions of the 
Prophet ), he refused to accept anything. Then ^Urnar (during 
his caliphate) called him to give him his share but he 
refused. On that "Umar said, "O Muslims! I would like you to 
witness that I offered Hakim his share from this booty and he 
refused to take it . " So Hakim never took anything from anybody 
after the Prophet till he died. 
2.552: 

Narrated x Umar : 

Allah's Apostle used to give me something but I would say to 
him, "would you give it to a poorer and more needy one than 
1?" The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said to me, "Take it. If you are 
given something from this property, without asking for it or 
having greed for it take it; and if not given, do not run for 
it. " 
2.553: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: The Prophet said, "A man keeps 
on asking others for something till he comes on the Day of 
Resurrection without any piece of flesh on his face. " The 
Prophet added, "On the Day of Resurrection, the Sun will come 
near (to, the people) to such an extent that the sweat will 
reach up to the middle of the ears, so, when all the people 



are in that state, they will ask Adam for help, and then 
Moses, and then Muhammad (p.b.u.h) ." The sub-narrator added 

"Muhammad will intercede with Allah to judge amongst the 
people. He will proceed on till he will hold the ring of the 
door (of Paradise) and then Allah will exalt him to Maqam 
Mahmud (the privilege of intercession, etc.). And all the 
people of the gathering will send their praises to Allah. 
2.554: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The poor person is 
not the one who asks a morsel or two (of meals) from the 
others, but the poor is the one who has nothing and is ashamed 
to beg from others. " 
2.555: 

Narrated Ash-Shu* bi : The clerk of Al-Mughira bin Shu"ba 
narrated, "Muawiya wrote to Al-Mughira bin Shu^ba: Write to me 
something which you have heard from the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ." 
So Al-Mughira wrote: I heard the Prophet saying, "Allah has 
hated for you three things: -1 . Vain talks, (useless talk) 
that you talk too much or about others. -2. Wasting of wealth 

(by extravagance) -3. And asking too many questions (in 
disputed religious matters) or asking others for something 

(except in great need). (See Hadith No. 591, Vol. Ill) 
2.556: 

Narrated Sa^d (bin Abi Waqqas) : Allah's Apostle distributed 
something (from the resources of Zakat) amongst a group of 
people while I was sitting amongst them, but he left a man 
whom I considered the best of the lot. So, I went up to 
Allah's Apostle and asked him secretly, "Why have you left 
that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer . " The Prophet 
said, "Or merely a Muslim (Who surrender to Allah) . " I 
remained quiet for a while but could not help repeating my 
question because of what I knew about him. I said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider 
him a believer . " The Prophet said, "Or merely a Muslim. " I 
remained quiet for a while but could not help repeating my 
question because of what I knew about him. I said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider 
him a believer . " The Prophet said, "Or merely a Muslim. " Then 



Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "I give to a person while 
another is dearer to me, for fear that he may be thrown in the 
Hell-fire on his face (by reneging from Islam) . " 
2.557: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The poor person 
is not the one who goes round the people and ask them for a 
mouthful or two (of meals) or a date or two but the poor is 
that who has not enough (money) to satisfy his needs and whose 
condition is not known to others, that others may give him 
something in charity, and who does not beg of people. " 
2.558: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "No doubt, it is 
better for a person to take a rope and proceed in the morning 
to the mountains and cut the wood and then sell it, and eat 
from this income and give alms from it than to ask others for 
something . " 
2.559: 

Narrated Abu Humaid As-Sa* idi: We took part in the holy battle 
of Tabuk in the company of the Prophet and when we arrived at 
the Wadi-al-Qura, there was a woman in her garden. The Prophet 
asked his companions to estimate the amount of the fruits in 
the garden, and Allah's Apostle estimated it at ten Awsuq (One 
Wasaq = 60 Sa's) and 1 Sa'= 3 kg. approximately). The Prophet 
said to that lady, "Check what your garden will yield. " When 
we reached Tabuk, the Prophet said, "There will be a strong 
wind tonight and so no one should stand and whoever has a 
camel, should fasten it." So we fastened our camels. A strong 
wind blew at night and a man stood up and he was blown away to 
a mountain called Taiy, The King of Aila sent a white mule and 
a sheet for wearing to the Prophet as a present, and wrote to 
the Prophet that his people would stay in their place (and 
will pay Jizya taxation.) (1) When the Prophet reached 
Wadi-al-Qura he asked that woman how much her garden had 
yielded. She said, "Ten Awsuq, " and that was what Allah's 
Apostle had estimated. Then the Prophet said, "I want to reach 
Medina quickly, and whoever among you wants to accompany me, 
should hurry up. " The sub-narrator Ibn Bakkar said something 
which meant: When the Prophet (p.b.u.h) saw Medina he said, 



"This is Taba. " And when he saw the mountain of Uhud, he said, 

"This mountain loves us and we love it . Shall I tell you of 

the best amongst the Ansar?" They replied in the affirmative. 

He said, "The family of Bani-n-Najjar, and then the family of 

Bani Sa^ida or Bani Al-Harith bin Al-Khazraj . (The 

above-mentioned are the best) but there is goodness in all the 

families of Ansar. " 

2.560: 

Narrated Salim bin ^Abdullah from his father: The Prophet 

said, "On a land irrigated by rain water or by natural water 

channels or if the land is wet due to a near by water channel 

Ushr (i.e. one-tenth) is compulsory (as Zakat) / and on the 

land irrigated by the well, half of an Ushr (i.e. 

one-twentieth) is compulsory (as Zakat on the yield of the 

land) . " 

2.561: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : The Prophet said, "There is no 

Zakat on less than five Awsuq (of dates) , or on less than five 

camels, or on less than five Awaq of silver. " (22 Yemeni 

Riyals Far ansa) . 

2.562: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : Dates used to be brought to Allah ' s 

Apostle immediately after being plucked. Different persons 

would bring their dates till a big heap collected (in front of 

the Prophet) . Once Al-Hasan and Al-Husain were playing with 

these dates. One of them took a date and put it in his mouth. 

Allah's Apostle looked at him and took it out from his mouth 

and said, "Don't you know that Muhammad's offspring do not eat 

what is given in charity?" 

2.563: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet had forbidden the sale of 

dates till they were good (ripe) , and when it was asked what 

it meant, the Prophet said, "Till there is no danger of 

blight . " 

2.564: 

Narrated Jabir bin x Abdullah : The Prophet had forbidden the 

sale of fruits till they were ripe (free from blight) . 

2.565: 



Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle forbade the selling 
of fruits until they were ripe. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) added, 

"It means that they become red . " 
2.566: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin "Umar: % Umar bin Al-Khattab gave a 
horse in charity in Allah's Cause and later he saw it being 
sold in the market and intended to purchase it . Then he went 
to the Prophet and asked his permission. The Prophet said, "Do 
not take back what you have given in charity. " For this 
reason, Ibn ^Umar never purchased the things which he had 
given in charity, and in case he had purchased something 

(unknowingly) he would give it in charity again. 
2.567: 

Narrated x Umar : 

Once I gave a horse in Allah's Cause (in charity) but that 
person did not take care of it. I intended to buy it, as I 
thought he would sell it at a low price. So, I asked the 
Prophet (p.b.u.h) about it. He said, "Neither buy, nor take 
back your alms which you have given, even if the seller were 
willing to sell it for one Dirham, for he who takes back his 
alms is like the one who swallows his own vomit . " 
2.568: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : Al-Hasan bin *Ali took a date from the 
dates given in charity and put it in his mouth. The Prophet 
said, "Expel it from your mouth. Don't you know that we do not 
eat a thing which is given in charity?" 
2.569: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas : The Prophet saw a dead sheep which had 
been given in charity to a freed slave-girl of Maimuna, the 
wife of the Prophet . The Prophet said, "Why don 't you get the 
benefit of its hide?" They said, "It is dead. " He replied, 

"Only to eat (its meat) is illegal . " 

2.570: 

Narrated Al-Aswad: ^Aisha intended to buy Barira (a 

slave-girl) in order to manumit her and her masters intended 

to put the condition that her Al-wala would be for them. 

^Aisha mentioned that to the Prophet who said to her, "Buy 
her, as the "Wala" is for the manumitted." Once some meat was 



presented to the Prophet and "Aisha said to him, "This (meat) 

was given in charity to Barira. " He said, "It is an object of 

charity for Barira but a gift for us. " 

2.571: 

Narrated Urn 'Atiyya Al-Ansariya : The Prophet went to "Aisha 

and asked her whether she had something (to eat) . She replied 

that she had nothing except the mutton (piece) which Nusaiba 

(Urn 'Atiyya) had sent to us (Buraira) in charity. " The Prophet 

said, "It has reached its place and now it is not a thing of 

charity but a gift for us. " 

2.572: 

Narrated Anas: 

Some meat was presented to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and it had 

been given to Barira (the freed slave-girl of Aisha) in 

charity. He said, "This meat is a thing of charity for Barira 

but it is a gift for us. " 

2.573: 

Narrated Abu Ma" bad, : (the slave of Ibn "Abbas) Allah's 

Apostle said to Mu" adh when he sent him to Yemen, "You will go 

to the people of the Scripture. So, when you reach there, 

invite them to testify that none has the right to be 

worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Apostle. And if 

they obey you in that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on 

them five prayers in each day and night . And if they obey you 

in that tell them that Allah has made it obligatory on them to 

pay the Zakat which will be taken from the rich among them and 

given to the poor among them. If they obey you in that, then 

avoid taking the best of their possessions, and be afraid of 

the curse of an oppressed person because there is no screen 

between his invocation and Allah. " 

2.574.1: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abu "Aufa : Whenever a person came to 

the Prophet with his alms, the Prophet would say, "O Allah! 

Send your Blessings upon so and so. " My father went to the 

Prophet with his alms and the Prophet said, "O Allah! Send 

your blessings upon the offspring of Abu "Aufa. " 

2.574.2: 

Narrated Abu Huraira The Prophet said, "A man from Bani Israel 



asked someone from Bani Israel to give him a loan of one 
thousand Dinars and the later gave it to him. The debtor went 
on a voyage (when the time for the payment of the debt became 
due) but he did not find a boat, so he took a piece of wood 
and bored it and put 1000 diners in it and threw it into the 
sea. The creditor went out and took the piece of wood to his 
family to be used as fire-wood. " (See Hadith No. 488 B, Vol. 
3) . And the Prophet narrated the narration (and said) , "When 
he sawed the wood, he found his money. " 
2.575: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "There is no 
compensation for one killed or wounded by an animal or by 
falling in a well, or because of working in mines; but Khumus 
is compulsory on Rikaz . " 
2.576: 

Narrated Abu Humaid Al-Sa^idi: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) 
appointed a man called Ibn Al-Lutbiya, from the tribe of 
Al-Asd to collect Zakat from Bani Sulaim. When he returned, 
(after collecting the Zakat) the Prophet checked the account 
with him. 
2.577: 

Narrated Anas: 

Some people from "Uraina tribe came to Medina and its climate 
did not suit them, so Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) allowed them 
to go to the herd of camels (given as Zakat) and they drank 
their milk and urine (as medicine) but they killed the 
shepherd and drove away all the camels. So Allah's Apostle 
sent (men) in their pursuit to catch them, and they were 
brought, and he had their hands and feet cut, and their eyes 
were branded with heated pieces of iron and they were left in 
the Harra (a stony place at Medina) biting the stones. (See 
Hadith No. 234, Vol. 1) 
2.578: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: I took ^Abdullah bin Abu Talha to 
Allah's Apostle to perform Tahnik for him. (Tahnik was a 
custom among the Muslims that whenever a child was born they 
used to take it to the Prophet who would chew a piece of date 
and put a part of its juice in the child's mouth) . I saw the 



Prophet and he had an instrument for branding in his hands and 
was branding the camels of Zakat . 

Bk. 25: Obligatory Charity Tax After Ramadaan (Zakat ul 
Fitr) 



2.579: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle enjoined the payment of 

one Sa ' of dates or one Sa ' of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on 

every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and 

he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer 

the "Id prayer. (One Sa' = 3 Kilograms approx.) 

2.580: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle made it incumbent on all 

the slave or free Muslims, male or female, to pay one Sa ' of 

dates or barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr . 

2.581: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id: We used to give one Sa ' of barley as 

Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (per head) . 

2.582: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id Al-Khudri : We used to give one Sa ' of meal 

or one Sa ' of barley or one Sa ' of dates, or one Sa ' of 

cottage cheese or one Sa ' of Raisins (dried grapes) as 

Zakat-ul-Fitr . 

2.583: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: The Prophet ordered (Muslims) to 

give one Sa ' of dates or one Sa ' of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr . 

The people rewarded two Mudds of wheat as equal to that . 

2.584: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id Al-Khudri: In the lifetime of the Prophet 

we used to give one Sa ' of food or one Sa ' of dates or one Sa ' 

of barley or one Sa ' of Raisins (dried grapes) as 

Sadaqat-ul-Fitr. And when Muawiya became the Caliph and the 

wheat was (available in abundance) he said, "I think (observe) 

that one Mudd (of wheat) equals two Mudds (of any of the above 

mentioned things) . 



2.585: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet ordered the people to pay 
Zakat-ul-Fitr before going to the " Id prayer. 
2.586: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : In the lifetime of Allah's 
Apostle , we used to give one Sa ' of food (edible things) as 
Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (to the poor) . Our food used to be either of 
barley, raisins (dried grapes), cottage cheese or dates. 
2.587: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

Ibn "Ulnar said, "The Prophet made incumbent on every male or 
female, free man or slave, the payment of one Sa ' of dates or 
barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (or said Sadaqa-Ramadan) . " The 
people then substituted half Sa' of wheat for that. Ibn *Umar 
used to give dates (as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr) . Once there was 
scarcity of dates in Medina and Ibn ^Umar gave barley. 'And 
Ibn ^Urnar used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr for every young and old 
person. He even used to give on behalf of my children. Ibn 
% Umar used to give Sadaqat-ul-Fitr to those who had been 
officially appointed for its collection. People used to give 
Sadaqat-ul-Fitr (even) a day or two before the x Jd. 
2.588: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Allah's Apostle has made Sadaqat-ul-Fitr 
obligatory, (and it was) , either one Sa ' of barley or one Sa ' 
of dates (and its payment was obligatory) on young and old 
people, and on free men as well as on slaves. 



Bk. 26: Pilgrimmage (Hajj) 



2.589: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin " Abbas : Al-Fadl (his brother) was 
riding behind Allah ' s Apostle and a woman from the tribe of 
Khath 'am came and Al-Fadl started looking at her and she 
started looking at him. The Prophet turned Al-Fadl ' s face to 
the other side. The woman said, "O Allah's Apostle! The 
obligation of Hajj enjoined by Allah on His devotees has 



become due on my father and he is old and weak, and he cannot 
sit firm on the Mount; may I perform Hajj on his behalf?" The 
Prophet replied, "Yes, you may. " That happened during the 
Hajj-al-Wida (of the Prophet ) . 
2.590: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: I saw that Allah's Apostle used to ride on 
his Mount at Dhul Hulaifa and used to start saying, "Labbaik" 
when the Mount stood upright . 
2.591: 

Narrated Jabir bin " Abdullah : that Allah's Apostle started 
saying, "Labbaik" from Dhul-Hulaifa when his Mount stood 
upright carrying him . 
2.592: 

Narrated Thumama bin * Abdullah bin Anas: Anas performed the 
Hajj on a packsaddle and he was not a miser. Anas said, 
"Allah' s Apostle performed Hajj on a packsaddle and the same 
Mount was carrying his baggage too. " 
2.593: 

Narrated Al-Qasim bin Muhammad: ^Aisha said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! You performed "Umra but I did not. " He said, "O 
* Abdur -Rahman ! Go along with your sister and let her perform 
% Umra from Tan^im." " Abdur-Rahman made her ride over the 
packsaddle of a she-camel and she performed "Umra. 
2.594: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet was asked, "Which is the 
best deed?" He said, "To believe in Allah and His Apostle. " He 
was then asked, "Which is the next (in goodness) ?" He said, 
"To participate in Jihad in Allah's Cause. " He was then asked, 
"Which is the next?" He said, "To perform Hajj-Mabrur. " 
2.595: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

(the mother of the faithful believers) I said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! We consider Jihad as the best deed. " The Prophet 
said, "The best Jihad (for women) is Hajj Mabrur. " 
2.596: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Whoever 
performs Hajj for Allah ' s pleasure and does not have sexual 
relations with his wife, and does not do evil or sins then he 



will return (after Hajj free from all sins) as If he were born 

anew. " 

2.597: 

Narrated Zald bin Jubalr: I went to visit "Abdullah bin "Umar 

at his house which contained many tents made of cotton cloth 

and these were encircled with Suradlk (part of the tent) . I 

asked him from where, should one assume Ihram for Umra. He 

said, "Allah's Apostle had fixed as Mlqat (singular of 

Mawaqlt) Qarn for the people of Najd, Dhul-Hulalfa for the 

people of Medina, and Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham. " 

2.598: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The people of Yemen used to come for Hajj 

and used not to bring enough provisions with them and used to 

say that they depend on Allah. On their arrival In Medina they 

used to beg the people, and so Allah revealed, "And take a 

provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision 

Is the fear of Allah. " (2.197) . 

2.599: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) made 

Dhul-Hulalfa as the Mlqat for the people of Medina; Al-Juhfa 

for the people of Sham; Qarn-al-Manazll for the people of 

Najd; and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen; and these Mawaqlt 

are for the people at those very places, and besides them for 

those who come thorough those places with the Intention of 

performing Hajj and "Umra; and whoever Is living within these 

boundaries can assume lhram from the place he starts, and the 

people of Mecca can assume Ihram from Mecca. 

2.600: 

Narrated Nafl " : 

"Abdullah bin "Umar said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'The people 
of Medina should assume lhram from Dhul-Hulalfa; the people of 
Sham from Al-Juhfa; and the people of Najd from Qarn. " And 

"Abdullah added, "I was Informed that Allah's Apostle had 
said, 'The people of Yemen should assume Ihram from Yalamlam. ' 

2.601: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas : Allah's Apostle had fixed Dhul Hulalfa 

as the Mlqat for the people of Medina; Al-Juhfa for the people 



of Sham; and Qarn Ul-Manazil for the people of Najd; and 
Yalamlam for the people of Yemen. So, these (above mentioned) 
are the Mawaqit for all those living at those places, and 
besides them for those who come through those places with the 
intention of performing Hajj and "Umra and whoever lives 
within these places should assume Ihram from his dwelling 
place, and similarly the people of Mecca can assume lhram from 
Mecca . 
2.602: 

Narrated Salim from his father who said, : "The Prophet had 
fixed the Mawaqit as follows: (No. 603) 
2.603: 

Narrated Salim bin "Abdullah from his father: I heard Allah's 
Apostle saying, "The Miqat for the people of Medina is 
Dhul-Hulaifa; for the people of Sham is Mahita; (i.e. 
Al-Juhfa) ; and for the people of Najd is Qarn. And said Ibn 
"Umar, "They claim, but I did not hear personally, that the 
Prophet said, "The Miqat for the people of Yemen is Yalamlam. " 
2.604: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The Prophet fixed Dhul-Hulaifa as the 
Miqat for the people of Medina, Al-Juhfa, for the people of 
Sham, Yalamlam for the people of Yemen, and Qarn for the 
people of Najd. And these Mawaqit are for those living at 
those very places, and besides them for those who come through 
those places with the intention of performing Hajj and Umra; 
and whoever is living inside these places can assume lhram 
from his own dwelling place, and the people of Mecca can 
assume lhram from Mecca. 
2.605: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) fixed Dhul-Hulaifa 
as the Miqat for the people of Medina, Al-Juhfa for the people 
of Sham, Qarn-al-Manazil for the people of Najd, and Yalamlam 
for the people of Yemen; and these Mawaqit are for those 
living at those very places, and besides them for those whom 
come through them with the intention of performing Hajj and 
Umra; and whoever is living within these Mawaqit should assume 
lhram from where he starts, and the people of Mecca can assume 
Ihram from Mecca. 



2.606: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: When these two towns (Basra and Kufa) were 
captured, the people went to "Umar and said, "O the Chief of 
the faithful believers! The Prophet fixed Qarn as the Miqat 
for the people of Najd, it is beyond our way and it is 
difficult for us to pass through it . " He said, "Take as your 
Miqat a place situated opposite to Qarn on your usual way. So, 
he fixed Dhatu-Irq (as their Miqat) . " 
2.607: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

^Abdullah bin "Umar' said, "Allah' s Apostle made his camel sit 
(i.e. he dismounted) at Al-Batha' in Dhul-Hulaifa and offered 
the prayer. " "Abdullah bin % Umar used to do the same. 
2.608: 

Narrated Ibn ^Urnar : Allah's Apostle used to go (for Hajj) via 
Ash-Shajara way and return via Muarras way; and no doubt, 
whenever Allah's Apostle went to Mecca, he used to offer the 
prayer in the Mosque of Ash-Shajara; and on his return, he 
used to offer the prayer at Dhul-Hulaifa in the middle of the 
valley, and pass the night there till morning. 
2.609: 

Narrated * Umar : 

In the valley of Al-^Aqiq I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "To 
night a messenger came to me from my Lord and asked me to pray 
in this blessed valley and to assume Ihram for Hajj and ^Umra 
together. " 
2.610: 

Narrated Musa bin "Uqba: Salim bin ^Abdullah's father said, 
"The Prophet said that while resting in the bottom of the 
valley at Muarras in Dhul-Hulaifa, he had been addressed in a 
dream: 'You are verily in a blessed valley. ' " Salim made us 
to dismount from our camels at the place where * Abdullah used 
to dismount, aiming at the place where Allah ' s Apostle had 
rested and it was below the Mosque situated in the middle of 
the valley in between them (the residence) and the road. 
2.611: 

Narrated Sa^id bin Jubair: Ibn *Umar used to oil his hair. I 
told that to Ibrahim who said, "What do you think about this 



statement: Narrated Aswad from "Aisha: As if I were now 

observing the glitter of the scent in the parting of the hair 

of the Prophet while he was Muhrim?" 

2.612: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) I used to scent Allah's 
Apostle when he wanted to assume Ihram and also on finishing 
Ihram before the Tawaf round the Ka"ba (Tawaf-al-ifada) . 
2.613: 

Narrated Salim from his father: I heard that Allah's Apostle 
assumed Ihram with his hair matted together. 
2.614: 
Narrated Salim bin "Abdullah : I heard my father saying, 

"Never did Allah's Apostle assume Ihram except at the Mosque, 

that is, at the Mosque of Dhul-Hulaifa. 

2.615: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin "Umar: A man asked, "O Allah's Apostle! 

What kind of clothes should a Muhrim wear?" Allah's Apostle 

replied, "He should not wear a shirt, a turban, trousers, a 

headcloak or leather socks except if he can find no slippers, 

he then may wear leather socks after cutting off what might 

cover the ankles. And he should not wear clothes which are 

scented with saffron or Wars (kinds of Perfumes) . " 

2.616: 

Narrated 'Ubaidullah bin " Abdullah: Ibn * Abbas' said, "Usama 

rode behind Allah's Apostle from "Arafat to Al-Muzdalifa; and 

then Al-Fadl rode behind Allah's Apostle from Al-Muzdalifa to 

Mina. " Ibn "Abbas added, "Both of them said, 'The Prophet kept 

on reciting Talbiya till he did the Rami of Jamrat-Al-" Aqaba . ' 

2.611: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Abbas: The Prophet with his companions 
started from Medina after combing and oiling his hair and 
putting on two sheets of Ihram (upper body cover and waist 
cover) . He did not forbid anyone to wear any kind of sheets 
except the ones colored with saffron because they may leave 
the scent on the skin. And so in the early morning, the 
Prophet mounted his Mount while in Dhul-Hulaifa and set out 



till they reached Baida ' , where he and his companions recited 
Talbiya, and then they did the ceremony of Taqlid (which means 
to put the colored garlands around the necks of the Budn 

(camels for sacrifice) . And all that happened on the 25th of 
Dhul-Qa'da. And when he reached Mecca on the 4th of Dhul-Hijja 
he performed the Tawaf round the Ka x Jba and performed the Tawaf 
between Safa and Marwa. And as he had a Badana and had 
garlanded it, he did not finish his Ihram. He proceeded 
towards the highest places of Mecca near Al-Hujun and he was 
assuming the Ihram for Hajj and did not go near the Ka x Jba 
after he performed Tawaf (round it) till he returned from 

" Arafat . Then he ordered his companions to perform the Tawaf 
round the Ka^ba and then the Tawaf of Safa and Marwa, and to 
cut short the hair of their heads and to finish their Ihram. 
And that was only for those people who had not garlanded Budn. 
Those who had their wives with them were permitted to contact 
them (have sexual intercourse) , and similarly perfume and 

(ordinary) clothes were permissible for them. 
2.618: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet offered four rak* at in 
Medina and then two rak* at at Dhul Hulaifa and then passed the 
night at Dhul-Hulaifa till it was morning and when he mounted 
his Mount and it stood up, he started to recite Talbiya. 
2.619: 

Narrated Abu Qilaba: Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet offered 
four rak" at of the Zuhr prayer in Medina and two rak* at of 

*Asr prayer at Dhul-Hulaifa . " I think that the Prophet passed 

the night there till morning. 

2.620: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet offered four rak * at of the Zuhr prayer in Medina 

and two rak* at of the *Asr prayer in Dhul-Hulaifa and I heard 

them (the companions of the Prophet) reciting Talbiya together 

loudly to the extent of shouting. 

2.621: 

Narrated * Abdullah bin *Umar : The Talbiya of Allah's Apostle 

was : 'Labbaika Allahumma labbaik, Labbaika la sharika Laka 

labbaik, Inna-1-hamda wan-ni 'mata Laka walmulk, La sharika 



Laka ' (I respond to Your call O Allah, I respond to Your call, 
and I am obedient to Your orders, You have no partner, I 
respond to Your call All the praises and blessings are for 
You, All the sovereignty is for You, And You have no partners 
with you. 
2.622: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

I know how the Prophet used to say (Talbiya) and it was: 
' Labbaika Allahumma Labbaik, Labbaika la sharika Laka labbaik, 
Inna-1-hamda wan-ni 'mata Laka walmu Lk, La sharika Laka ' . 
2.623: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle offered four rak^at 
of Zuhr prayer at Medina and we were in his company, and two 
rak" at of the % Asr prayer at Dhul-Hulaifa and then passed the 
night there till it was dawn; then he rode, and when he 
reached Al-Baida', he praised and glorified Allah and said 
Takbir (i.e. Al hamdu-li 1-lah and Subhanallah(l) and 
Allahu-Akbar) . Then he and the people along with him recited 
Talbiya with the intention of performing Hajj and Umra. When 
we reached (Mecca) he ordered us to finish the lhram (after 
performing the Umra) (only those who had no Hadi (animal for 
sacrifice) with them were asked to do so) till the day of 
Tarwiya that is 8th Dhul-Hijja when they assumed lhram for 
Hajj. The Prophet sacrificed many camels (slaughtering them) 
with his own hands while standing. While Allah's Apostle was 
in Medina he sacrificed two horned rams black and white in 
color in the Name of Allah. " 
2.624: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) recited Talbiya when 
he had mounted his Mount and was ready to set out. 
2.625: 

Narrated Nafi " : 

Whenever Ibn *Umar intended to go to Mecca he used to oil 
himself with a sort of oil that had no pleasant smell, then he 
would go to the Mosque of Al-Hulaita and offer the prayer, and 
then ride. When he mounted well on his Mount and the Mount 
stood up straight, he would proclaim the intention of assuming 
lhram, and he used to say that he had seen the Prophet doing 



the same. 
2.626: 

Narrated Mujahld: 

I was in the company of Ibn " Abbas and the people talked about 
Ad-Dajjal and said, "Ad-Da jjal will come with the word Kafir 
(non-believer) written in between his eyes. " On that Ibn 
* Abbas said, "I have not heard this from the Prophet but I 
heard him saying, 'As if I saw Moses just now entering the 
valley reciting Talbyia. ' " 
2.627: 

Narrated Aisha: 

(the wife of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) We set out with the Prophet 
in his last Hajj and we assumed Ihram for Umra. The Prophet 
then said, "Whoever has the Hadi with him should assume Ihram 
for Hajj along with ^Umra and should not finish the Ihram till 
he finishes both. " I was menstruating when I reached Mecca, 
and so I neither did Tawaf round the Ka x Jba nor Tawaf between 
Safa and Marwa. I complained about that to the Prophet on 
which he replied, "Undo and comb your head hair, and assume 
Ihram for Hajj (only) and leave the Umra. " So, I did so. When 
we had performed the Hajj, the Prophet sent me with my brother 
* Abdur -Rahman bin Abu Bakr to Tan"im. So I performed the 
^Umra. The Prophet said to me, "This ^Umra is instead of your 
missed one. " Those who had assumed Ihram for ^Umra 
(Hajj-atTamattu) performed Tawaf round the Ka"ba and between 
Safa and Marwa and then finished their Ihram. After returning 
from Mina, they performed another Tawaf (between Safa and 
Marwa) . Those who had assumed Ihram for Hajj and ^Umra 
together (Hajj-al-Qiran) performed only one Tawaf (between 
Safa and Marwa) . 
2.628: 

Narrated At a: 

Jabir said, "The Prophet ordered "Ali to keep on assuming his 
Ihram. " The narrator then informed about the narration of 
Suraqa . 
2.629: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: ^Ali came to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) 
from Yemen (to Mecca) . The Prophet asked ^Ali, "With what 



intention have you assumed Ihram?" *Ali replied, "I have 
assumed Ihram with the same intention as that of the Prophet . " 
The Prophet said, "If I had not the Hadi with me I would have 
finished the Ihram. " Muhammad bin Bakr narrated extra from Ibn 
Jural j , "The Prophet said to "All, "With what intention have 
you assumed the Ihram, O *Ali?" He replied, "With the same 

(intention) as that of the Prophet . " The Prophet said, "Have a 
Hadi and keep your Ihram as it is. " 
2.630: 

Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet sent me to some people in Yemen 
and when I returned, I found him at Al-Batha. He asked me, 

"With what intention have you assumed Ihram (i.e. for Hajj or 
for Umra or for both?") I replied, "I have assumed Ihram with 
an intention like that of the Prophet. " He asked, "Have you a 
Hadi with you?" I replied in the negative. He ordered me to 
perform Tawaf round the Ka x Jba and between Safa and Marwa and 
then to finish my Ihram. I did so and went to a woman from my 
tribe who combed my hair or washed my head. Then, when ^Umar 
came (i.e. became Caliph) he said, "If we follow Allah's Book, 
it orders us to complete Hajj and Umra; as Allah says: 

"Perform the Hajj and Umra for Allah. " (2.196) . And if we 
follow the tradition of the Prophet who did not finish his 
Ihram till he sacrificed his Hadi. " 
2.631: 

Narrated Al-Qasim bin Muhammad: ' Aisha said, "We set out with 
Allah's Apostles in the months of Hajj, and (in) the nights of 
Hajj, and at the time and places of Hajj and in a state of 
Hajj. We dismounted at Sarif (a village six miles from Mecca) . 
The Prophet then addressed his companions and said, "Anyone 
who has not got the Hadi and likes to do Umra instead of Hajj 
may do so (i.e. Hajj-al-Tamattu^ ) and anyone who has got the 
Hadi should not finish the Ihram after performing ' ^Umra) . 

(i.e. Hajj-al-Qiran) . Aisha added, "The companions of the 
Prophet obeyed the above (order) and some of them (i.e. who 
did not have Hadi) finished their Ihram after Umra. " Allah's 
Apostle and some of his companions were resourceful and had 
the Hadi with them, they could not perform Umra (alone) (but 
had to perform both Hajj and Umra with one Ihram) . Aisha 



added, "Allah's Apostle came to me and saw me weeping and 
said, "What makes you weep, O Hantah?" I replied, "I have 
heard your conversation with your companions and I cannot 
perform the Umra. " He asked, "What is wrong with you?' I 
replied, ' I do not offer the prayers (i.e. I have my 
menses) . ' He said, ' It will not harm you for you are one of 
the daughters of Adam, and Allah has written for you (this 
state) as He has written it for them. Keep on with your 
intentions for Hajj and Allah may reward you that. " Aisha 
further added, "Then we proceeded for Hajj till we reached 
Mina and I became clean from my menses. Then I went out from 
Mina and performed Tawaf round the Ka"ba. " Aisha added, "I 
went along with the Prophet in his final departure (from Hajj) 
till he dismounted at Al-Muhassab (a valley outside Mecca) , 
and we too, dismounted with him. " He called ' * Abdur -Rahman 
bin Abu Bakr and said to him, ' Take your sister outside the 
sanctuary of Mecca and let her assume Ihram for ' "Umra, and 
when you had finished ' "Umra, return to this place and I will 
wait for you both till you both return to me. ' " ' Aisha 
added, " So we went out of the sanctuary of Mecca and after 
finishing from the ' "Umra and the Tawaf we returned to the 
Prophet at dawn. He said, 'Have you performed the ' "Umra?' We 
replied in the affirmative . So he announced the departure 
amongst his companions and the people set out for the journey, 
and the Prophet: too left for Medina. ' ' 
2.632: 

Narrated Al-Aswad: ' Aisha said, We went out with the Prophet 
(from Medina) with the intention of performing Hajj only and 
when we reached Mecca we performed Tawaf round the Ka "ba and 
then the Prophet ordered those who had not driven the Hadi 
along with them to finish their Ihram. So the people who had 
not driven the Hadi along with them finished their Ihram. The 
Prophet ' s wives, too, had not driven the Hadi with them, so 
they too, finished their Ihram. " "Aisha added, "I got my 
menses and could not perform Tawaf round the Ka"ba. " So when 
it was the night of Hasba (i.e. when we stopped at 
Al-Muhassab) , I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Everyone is 
returning after performing Hajj and "Umra but I am returning 



after performing Hajj only. ' He said, 'Didn't you perform 
Tawaf round the Ka"ba the night we reached Mecca?' I replied 
in the negative. He said, 'Go with your brother to Tan" im and 
assume the Ihram for "Umra, (and after performing it) come 
back to such and such a place. ' On that Safiya said, 'I feel 
that I will detain you all. ' The Prophet said, 'O 'Aqra Halqa! 
Didn't you perform Tawaf of the Ka"ba on the day of sacrifice? 

(i.e. Tawaf -al-ifada) Safiya replied in the affirmative. He 

said, (to Safiya) . 'There is no harm for you to proceed on 

with us . ' " " Aisha added, "(after returning from "Umra), the 

Prophet met me while he was ascending (from Mecca) and I was 

descending to it, or I was ascending and he was descending. " 

2.633: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

We set out with Allah's Apostles (to Mecca) in the year of the 

Prophet's Last Hajj. Some of us had assumed Ihram for "Umra 

only, some for both Hajj and "Umra, and others for Hajj only. 

Allah's Apostle assumed Ihram for Hajj. So whoever had assumed 

Ihram for Hajj or for both Hajj and "Umra did not finish the 

Ihram till the day of sacrifice. (See Hadith No. 631, 636, and 

639) . 

2.634: 

Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakam: I saw "Uthman and "Ali. "Uthman 

used to forbid people to perform Hajj-at-Tamattu" and 

Hajj-al-Qiran (Hajj and "Umra together) , and when "Ali saw 

(this act of " Uthman) , he assumed Ihram for Hajj and " Umra 
together saying, "Lubbaik for "Umra and Hajj, " and said, "I 
will not leave the tradition of the Prophet on the saying of 
somebody . " 
2.635: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The people (of the Pre-Islamic Period) 
used to think that to perform "Umra during the months of Hajj 
was one of the major sins on earth. And also used to consider 
the month of Safar as a forbidden (i.e. sacred) month and they 
used to say, "When the wounds of the camel ' s back heal up 

(after they return from Hajj) and the signs of those wounds 
vanish and the month of Safar passes away then (at that time) 

"Umra is permissible for the one who wishes to perform it. " In 



the morning of the 4th of Dhul-Hijja, the Prophet and his 
companions reached Mecca, assuming Ihram for Hajj and he 
ordered his companions to make their intentions of the Ihram 
for ^Umra only (instead of Hajj) so they considered his order 
as something great and were puzzled, and said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! What kind (of finishing) of Ihram is allowed?" The 
Prophet replied, "Finish the Ihram completely like a 
non-Muhrim (you are allowed everything) . " 
2.636: 

Narrated Abu Musa: came to the Prophet (from Yemen and was 
assuming Ihram for Hajj) and he ordered me to finish the Ihram 

(after performing the ^Urnra) . 
2.637: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Hafsa the wife of the Prophet said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! Why have the people finished their Ihram 
after performing % Umra but you have not finished your Ihram 
after performing ^Umra?" He replied, "I have matted my hair 
and garlanded my Hadi . So I will not finish my Ihram till I 
have slaughtered (my Hadi) . " 
2.638: 

Narrated Shu^ba: 

Abu Jamra Nasr bin * Imran Ad-Duba'i said, "I intended to 
perform Hajj-at-Tamattu % and the people advised me not to do 
so. I asked Ibn s Abbas regarding it and he ordered me to 
perform Hajj-at-Tammatu ' . Later I saw in a dream someone 
saying to me, 'Hajj-Mabrur (Hajj performed in accordance with 
the Prophet ' s tradition without committing sins and accepted 
by Allah) and an accepted ^Urnra. ' So I told that dream to Ibn 

" Abbas. He said, 'This is the tradition of Abul-Qasim. ' Then 
he said to me, 'Stay with me and I shall give you a portion of 
my property. ' " I (Shu^ba) asked, "Why (did he invite you)?" 
He (Abu Jamra) said, "Because of the dream which I had seen. " 
2.639: 

Narrated Abu Shihab: I left for Mecca for Hajj-at-Tamattu* 
assuming Ihram for "Umra. I reached Mecca three days before 
the day of Tarwiya (8th Dhul-Hijja) . Some people of Mecca said 
to me, "Your Hajj will be like the Hajj performed by the 
people of Mecca (i.e. you will lose the superiority of 



assuming Ihram from the Mlqat) . So I went to "Ata ' asking him 
his view about It . He said, "Jablr bin "Abdullah narrated to 
me, 'I performed Hajj with Allah's Apostle on the day when he 
drove camels with him. The people had assumed Ihram for 
Hajj-al-Ifrad. The Prophet ordered them to finish their Ihram 
after Tawaf round the Ka"ba, and between Safa and Marwa and to 
cut short their hair and then to stay there (In Mecca) as 
non-Muhrlms till the day of Tarwlya (I.e. 8th of Dhul-Hljja) 
when they would assume Ihram for Hajj and they were ordered to 
make the Ihram with which they had come as for "Umra only. 
They asked, 'How can we make It "Umra (Tamattu" ) as we have 
Intended to perform Hajj?' The Prophet said, 'Do what I have 
ordered you. Had I not brought the Hadl with me, I would have 
done the same, but I cannot finish my Ihram till the Hadl 
reaches Its destination (I.e. Is slaughtered) . ' So, they did 

(what he ordered them to do) . " 
2.640: 

Narrated Sa" Id bin Al-Musalyab: "All and "Uthman differed 
regarding Hajj-at-Tamattu" while they were at 'Us fan (a 
familiar place near Mecca) . "All said, "I see you want to 
forbid people to do a thing that the Prophet did?" When "All 
saw that, he assumed Ihram for both Hajj and "Umra. 
2.641: 
Narrated Jablr bin "Abdullah : We came with Allah's Apostle 

(to Mecca) and we were saying: ' Labbalka Allahumma Labbalk ' 

for Hajj. Allah's Apostle ordered us to perform "Umra with 

that Ihram (Instead of Hajj) . 

2.642: 

Na rra ted " Imran : 

We performed Hajj-at-Tamattu" In the lifetime of Allah's 

Apostle and then the Qur'an was revealed (regarding 

Hajj-at-Tamattu") and somebody said what he wished (regarding 

Hajj-at-Tamattu" ) according his own opinion. 

2.643: 

Narrated Nafl " : 

On reaching the sanctuary of Mecca, Ibn "Umar used to stop, 

reciting Talblya and then he would pass the night at Dhl-Tuwa 

and then offer the Fajr prayer and take a bath. He used to say 



that the Prophet used to do the same. 

2.644: 

Narrated Nafi v ; 

' Ibn "Umar said, "The Prophet passed the night at Dhi-Tuwa 
till it was dawn and then he entered Mecca. " Ibn "Umar used to 
do the same. 
2.645: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle used to enter Mecca from 
the high Thaniya and used to leave Mecca from the low Thaniya. 
2.646: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle entered Mecca from Kada ' 
from the highest Thaniya which is at Al-Batha ' and used to 
leave Mecca from the low Thaniya. 
2.647: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

When the Prophet came to Mecca he entered from its higher side 
and left from its lower side. 
2.648: 

Narrated " Aisha ' : 

In the year of the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet entered 
Mecca from Kada ' and left Mecca from Kuda, from the higher 
part of Mecca. 
2.649: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

In the year of the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet entered 
Mecca from Kada' at the higher place of Mecca. (Hisham, a 
sub-narrator said, " "Urwa used to enter (Mecca) from both 
Kada ' and Kuda and he often entered through Kada ' which was 
nearer to his dwelling place.) " 
2.650: 
Narrated Hisham: 

"Urwa said, "The Prophet entered Mecca in the year of the 

conquest of Mecca from the side of Kada ' which is at the 

higher part of Mecca. " "Urwa often entered from Kada' which 

was nearer of the two to his dwelling place. 

2.651: 

Narrated Hisham from his father : In the year of the conquest 

of Mecca, the Prophet entered Mecca from the side of Kada. 



"Urwa used to enter through both places and he often entered 

through Kada ' which was nearer of the two to his dwelling 

place. 

2.652: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: When the Ka"ba was built, the 

Prophet and "Abbas went to bring stones (for its 

construction) . Al "Abbas said to the Prophet, "Take off your 

waist sheet and put it on your neck. " (When the Prophet took 

it off) he fell on the ground with his eyes open towards the 

sky and said, "Give me my waist sheet. " And he covered himself 

with it . 

2.653: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) that Allah ' s Apostle said to her, 

"Do you know that when your people (Quraish) rebuilt the 
Ka "ba, they decreased it from its original foundation laid by 
Abraham?" I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why don't you rebuild it 
on its original foundation laid by Abraham?" He replied, "Were 
it not for the fact that your people are close to the 
Pre-Islamic Period of ignorance (i.e. they have recently 
become Muslims) I would have done so. " The sub-narrator, 

"Abdullah (bin "Umar ) stated: "Aisha 'must have heard this 

from Allah's Apostle for in my opinion Allah's Apostle had not 

placed his hand over the two corners of the Ka "ba opposite 

Al-Hijr only because the Ka"ba was not rebuilt on its original 

foundations laid by Abraham. 

2.654: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

I asked the Prophet whether the round wall (near Ka "ba) was 

part of the Ka"ba. The Prophet replied in the affirmative. I 

further said, "What is wrong with them, why have they not 

included it in the building of the Ka"ba?" He said, "Don't you 

see that your people (Quraish) ran short of money (so they 

could not include it inside the building of Ka"ba)?" I asked, 

"What about its gate? Why is it so high?" He replied, "Your 
people did this so as to admit into it whomever they liked and 
prevent whomever they liked. Were your people not close to the 
Pre-Islamic Period of ignorance (i.e. they have recently 



embraced Islam) and were I not afraid that they would dislike 
it, surely I would have included the (area of the) wall inside 
the building of the Ka % Jba and I would have lowered its gate to 
the level of the ground. " 
2.655: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle said to me, "Were your people not close to the 
Pre-Islamic period of ignorance, I would have demolished the 
Ka x Jba and would have rebuilt it on its original foundations 
laid by Abraham (for Quraish had curtailed its building) , and 
I would have built a back door (too) . " 
2.656: 

Narrated Yazid bin Ruman from % Urwa: ^Aisha said that the 
Prophet said to her, "O Aisha! Were your nation not close to 
the Pre-Islamic Period of Ignorance, I would have had the 
Ka x Jba demolished and would have included in it the portion 
which had been left, and would have made it at a level with 
the ground and would have made two doors for it, one towards 
the east and the other towards the west, and then by doing 
this it would have been built on the foundations laid by 
Abraham. " That was what urged Ibn-Az-Zubair to demolish the 
Ka*ba. Jazz said, "I saw Ibn-Az-Zubair when he demolished and 
rebuilt the Ka^ba and included in it a portion of Al-Hijr (the 
unroofed portion of Ka v Jba which is at present in the form of a 
compound towards the northwest of the Ka ^ba) . I saw the 
original foundations of Abraham which were of stones 
resembling the humps of camels. " So Jarir asked Yazid, "Where 
was the place of those stones?" Jazz said, "I will just now 
show it to you. " So Jarir accompanied Yazid and entered 
Al-Hijr, and Jazz pointed to a place and said, "Here it is. " 
Jarir said, "It appeared to me about six cubits from Al-Hijr 
or so. " 
2.657: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: On the Day of the Conquest of Mecca, 
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah has made this town a sanctuary. 
Its thorny bushes should not be cut, its game should not be 
chased, and its fallen things should not be picked up except 
by one who would announce it publicly. " 



2.658: 

Narrated 'Usama bin Zaid: I asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Where 
will you stay in Mecca? Will you stay in your house in Mecca?" 
He replied, "Has "Aqil left any property or house?" ^Aqil 
along with Talib had inherited the property of Abu Talib. 
Jafar and ^Ali did not inherit anything as they were Muslims 
and the other two were non-believers . *Umar bin Al-Khattab 
used to say, "A believer cannot inherit (anything from an) 
infidel." Ibn Shihab, (a sub-narrator) said, "They (^Umar and 
others) derived the above verdict from Allah's Statement: 

"Verily! those who believed and Emigrated and strove with 
their life And property in Allah ' s Cause, And those who helped 

(the emigrants) And gave them their places to live in, These 

are (all) allies to one another." (8.72) 

2.659: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: When Allah's Apostle intended to enter 

Mecca he said, "Our destination tomorrow, if Allah wished, 

will be Khaif Bani Kinana where (the pagans) had taken the 

oath of Kufr. " (Against the Prophet i.e. to be loyal to 

heathenism by boycotting Bani Hashim, the Prophets folk) (See 

Hadith No. 221 Vol. 5) 

2.660: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: On the Day of Nahr at Mina, the Prophet 

said, "Tomorrow we shall stay at Khaif Bani Kinana where the 

pagans had taken the oath of Kufr (heathenism) . " He meant (by 

that place) Al-Muhassab where the Quraish tribe and Bani 

Kinana concluded a contract against Bani Hashim and Bani 

* Abdul-Muttalib or Bani Al-Muttalib that they would not 

intermarry with them or deal with them in business until they 

handed over the Prophet to them. 

2.661: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet; ; said, "Dhus-Suwaiqa-tain 

(literally: One with two lean legs) from Ethiopia will 

demolish the Ka^ba. " 

2.662: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The people used to fast on 'Ashura (the tenth day of the month 

of Muharram) before the fasting of Ramadan was made 



obligatory. And on that day the Ka^ba used to be covered with 

a cover. When Allah made the fasting of the month of Ramadan 

compulsory, Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever wishes to fast (on 

the day of 'Ashura') may do so; and whoever wishes to leave it 

can do so. " 

2.663: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : The Prophet said "The people 

will continue performing the Hajj and % Umra to the Ka^ba even 

after the appearance of Gog and Magog. " Narrated Shu^ba extra: 

The Hour (Day of Judgment) will not be established till the 

Hajj (to the Ka*ba) is abandoned. 

2.664: 

Narrated Abu Wail : (One day) I sat along with Shaiba on the 

chair inside the Ka^ba. He (Shaiba) said, "No doubt, % Umar sat 

at this place and said, 'I intended not to leave any yellow 

(i.e. gold) or white (i.e. silver) (inside the Ka^ba) 
undistributed. ' I said (to ^Umar), 'But your two companions 

(i.e. The Prophet and Abu Bakr) did not do so. ' ^Umar said, 

They are the two persons whom I always follow. ' " 

2.665: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: The Prophet said, "As if I were looking 

at him, a black person with thin legs plucking the stones of 

the Ka^ba one after another. " 

2.666: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Dhus-Suwaiqatain 

(the thin legged man) from Ethiopia will demolish the Ka^ba. " 
2.667: 

Narrated ^Abis bin Rabija: ^Umar came near the Black Stone and 
kissed it and said "No doubt, I know that you are a stone and 
can neither benefit anyone nor harm anyone. Had I not seen 
Allah's Apostle kissing you I would not have kissed you. " 
2.668: 

Narrated Salim that his father said, "Allah's Apostle, Usama 
bin Zaid, Bilal, and ^Uthman bin abu Talha entered the Ka^ba 
and then closed its door. When they opened the door I was the 
first person to enter (the Ka^ba) . I met Bilal and asked him, 

"Did Allah's Apostle offer a prayer inside (the Ka"ba) ?" Bilal 
replied in the affirmative and said, " (The Prophet offered the 



prayer) in between the two right pillars. " 
2.669: 

Narrated Nafi " ; 

Whenever Ibn "Umar entered the Ka"ba he used to walk straight 
keeping the door at his back on entering, and used to proceed 
on till about three cubits from the wall in front of him, and 
then he would offer the prayer there aiming at the place where 
Allah's Apostle prayed, as Bilal had told him. There is no 
harm for any person to offer the prayer at any place inside 
the Ka"ba. 
2.670: 

Narrated Isma ' li bin Abu Khalid: " Abdullah bin Abu "Aufa said, 
"Allah's Apostle performed the "Umra. He performed Tawaf of 
the Ka"ba and offered two rak" at behind the Maqam (Abraham's 
place) and was accompanied by those who were screening him 
from the people." Somebody asked "Abdullah, "Did Allah's 
Apostle enter the Ka"ba?" "Abdullah replied in the negative. 
2.671: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: When Allah's Apostle came to Mecca, he 
refused to enter the Ka "ba with idols in it . He ordered (idols 
to be taken out) . So they were taken out . The people took out 
the pictures of Abraham and Ishmael holding Azlams in their 
hands. Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah curse these people. By 
Allah, both Abraham and Ishmael never did the game of chance 
with Azlams." Then he entered the Ka"ba and said Takbir at its 
corners but did not offer the prayer in it . 
2.672: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: When Allah's Apostle and his companions 
came to Mecca, the pagans circulated the news that a group of 
people were coming to them and they had been weakened by the 
Fever of Yathrib (Medina) . So the Prophet ordered his 
companions to do Ramal in the first three rounds of Tawaf of 
the Ka "ba and to walk between the two corners (The Black Stone 
and Yemenite corner) . The Prophet did not order them to do 
Ramal in all the rounds of Tawaf out of pity for them. 
2.673: 

Narrated Salim that his father said: I saw Allah ' s Apostle 
arriving at Mecca; he kissed the Black Stone Corner first 



while doing Tawaf and did ramal in the first three rounds of 

the seven rounds (of Tawaf) . 

2.674: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Urnar : The Prophet did Ramal in 

(first) three rounds (of Tawaf) , and walked in the remaining 

four, in Hajj and Umra. 

2.675: 

Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father who said: "^Urnar bin 

Al-Khattab addressed the Corner (Black Stone) saying, 'By 

Allah! I know that you are a stone and can neither benefit nor 

harm. Had I not seen the Prophet touching (and kissing) you, I 

would never have touched (and kissed) you. ' Then he kissed it 

and said, 'There is no reason for us to do Ramal (in Tawaf) 

except that we wanted to show off before the pagans, and now 

Allah has destroyed them. ' "Umar added, ' (Nevertheless) , the 

Prophet did that and we do not want to leave it (i.e. Ramal). ' 

2.676: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

Ibn "Umar. said, "I have never missed the touching of these 

two stones of Ka^ba (the Black Stone and the Yemenite Corner) 

both in the presence and the absence of crowds, since I saw 

the Prophet touching them. " I asked Nafi" : "Did Ibn *Umar use 

to walk between the two Corners?" Nafi* replied, "He used to 

walk in order that it might be easy for him to touch it (the 

Corner Stone) . " 

2.677: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas. : In his Last Hajj the Prophet performed 

Tawaf of the Ka^ba riding a camel and pointed a bent-headed 

stick towards the Corner (Black Stone) . 

2.678: 

Narrated Salim bin " Abdullah that his father said: "I have not 

seen the Prophet touching except the two Yemenite Corners 

(i.e. the ones facing Yemen) . " 
2.679: 

Narrated Zaid bin Aslam that his father said: "I saw *Umar bin 
Al-Khattab kissing the Black Stone and he then said, (to it) 

'Had I not seen Allah's Apostle kissing you, (stone) I would 
not have kissed you. ' " 



2.680: 

Narrated Az-Zubair bin 'Arabi : A man asked Ibn x Umar about the 

touching of the Black Stone. Ibn *Umar said, "I saw Allah's 

Apostle touching and kissing it . " The questioner said, "But if 

there were a throng (much rush) round the Ka % ba and the people 

overpowered me, (what would I do?) " He replied angrily, "Stay 

in Yemen (as that man was from Yemen) . I saw Allah's Apostle 

touching and kissing it . " 

2.681: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet performed Tawaf of the Ka"ba 

while riding a camel, and whenever he came in front of the 

Corner, he pointed towards it (with something) . 

2.682: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet performed Tawaf of the Ka^ba 

riding a camel, and every time he came in front of the Corner 

(having the Black Stone) , he pointed towards it with something 
he had with him and said Takbir. 
2.683: 
Na rra ted x Urwa : 

^Aisha said, "The first thing the Prophet did on reaching 
Mecca, was the ablution and then he performed Tawaf of the 
Ka*ba and that was not % Umra (alone), (but Hajj-al-Qiran) . 

^Urwa added: Later Abu Bakr and ^Umar did the same in their 
Hajj. " And I performed the Hajj with my father Az-Zubair, and 
the first thing he did was Tawaf of the Ka^ba. Later I saw the 
Muhajirin (Emigrants) and the Ansar doing the same. My mother 

(Asma') told me that she, her sister ( % Aisha), Az-Zubair and 
such and such persons assumed Ihram for ^Umra, and after they 
passed their hands over the Black Stone Corner (of the Ka"ba) 
they finished the Ihram. (i.e. After doing Tawaf of the Ka^ba 
and Sa^i between Safa-Marwa. 
2.684: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin ^Umar : When Allah's Apostle performed 
Tawaf of the Ka^ba for Hajj or ^Umra, he used to do Ramal 
during the first three rounds, and in the last four rounds he 
used to walk; then after the Tawaf he used to offer two rak^at 
and then performed Tawaf between Safa and Marwa. 
2.685: 



Narrated Ibn *Umar: When the Prophet performed the Tawaf of 

the Ka^ba, he did Ramal during the first three rounds and in 

the last four rounds he used to walk and while doing Tawaf 

between Safa and Marwa, he used to run in the midst of the 

rain water passage. 

2.686: 

Narrated Um Salama: (the wife of the Prophet) I informed 

Allah's Apostle that I was ill. So he said, "Perform the Tawaf 

while riding behind the people. " I did so, and at that time 

the Prophet was praying beside the Ka % ba and reciting 

Surat-at-Tur . 

2.687: 

Narrated Ibn s Abbas: While the Prophet was performing Tawaf of 

the Ka^ba, he passed by a person who had tied his hands to 

another person with a rope or string or something like that . 

The Prophet cut it with his own hands and said, "Lead him by 

the hand. " 

2.688: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet saw a man performing Tawaf of 

the Ka^ba tied with a string or something else. So the Prophet 

cut that string. 

2.689: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: In the year prior to the last Hajj of 

the Prophet when Allah's Apostle made Abu Bakr the leader of 

the pilgrims, the latter (Abu Bakr) sent me in the company of 

a group of people to make a public announcement : 'No pagan is 

allowed to perform Hajj after this year, and no naked person 

is allowed to perform Tawaf of the Ka^ba. ' (See Hadith No. 365 

Vol. 1) 

2.690: 

Narrated *Amr: 

We asked Ibn "Umar: "May a man have sexual relations with his 

wife during the Umra before performing Tawaf between Safa and 

Marwa?" He said, "Allah's Apostle arrived (in Mecca) and 

circumambulated the Ka^ba seven times, then offered two rak^at 

behind Maqam Ibrahim (the station of Abraham) , then performed 

Tawaf between Safa and Marwa. " Ibn *Umar added, "Verily! In 

Allah's Apostle you have a good example. " And I asked Jabir 



bin " Abdullah (the same question) , and he replied, "You should 

not go near your wives (have sexual relations) till you have 

finished Tawaf between Safa and Marwa. " 

2.691: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet arrived at Mecca and 

performed Tawaf of the Ka"ba and Sa" i between Safa and Marwa, 

but he did not go near the Ka"ba after his Tawaf till he 

returned from " Arafat . 

2.692: 

Narrated Um Salama: (the wife of the Prophet) I informed 

Allah's Apostle (about my illness) . (Through other 

sub-narrators, Um Salama narrated that when Allah's Apostle 

was at Mecca and had just decided to leave (Mecca) while she 

had not yet done Tawaf of the Ka "ba (and after listening to 

her) . The Prophet said, "When the morning prayer is 

established, perform the Tawaf on your camel while the people 

are in prayer. " So she did the same and did not offer the two 

rak" at of Tawaf until she came out of the Mosque. 

2.693: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet reached Mecca, circumambulated 

the Ka"ba seven times and then offered a two rak" at prayer 

behind Maqam Ibrahim. Then he went towards the Safa. Allah has 

said, "Verily, in Allah's Apostle you have a good example." 

2.694: 

Narrated "Urwa from Aisha: Some people performed Tawaf (of the 

Ka "ba) after the morning prayer and then sat to listen to a 

preacher till sunrise, and then they stood up for the prayer. 

Then Aisha commented, "Those people kept on sitting till it 

was the time in which the prayer is disliked and after that 

they stood up for the prayer. " 

2.695: 

Narrated "Abdullah: I heard the Prophet forbidding the 

offering of prayers at the time of sunrise and sunset. 

2.696: 

Narrated Abida bin Humaid: " Abdul, "Aziz bin Rufa"i said, "I 

saw "Abdullah bin Az-Zubair performing Tawaf of the Ka "ba 

after the morning prayer then offering the two rak" at prayer." 

"Abdul "Aziz added, "I saw "Abdullah bin Az-Zubair offering a 



two rak^at prayer after the "Asr prayer. " He informed me that 
Aisha told him that the Prophet used to offer those two rak"at 
whenever he entered her house. " 
2.697: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: Allah's Apostle performed Tawaf (of the 
Ka *ba) ending a camel (at that time the Prophet had foot 
injury) . Whenever he came to the Corner (having the Black 
Stone) he would point out towards it with a thing in his hand 
and say, "Allahu-Akbar . " 
2.698: 

Narrated Urn Salama: I informed Allah's Apostle that I was 
sick. He said, "Perform Tawaf (of the Ka^ba) while riding 
behind the people. " So, I performed the Tawaf while Allah's 
Apostle was offering the prayer beside the Ka v Jba and was 
reciting Surat-at-Tur . 
2.699: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Al * Abbas bin x Abdul -Mutt alib asked the 
permission of Allah ' s Apostle to let him stay in Mecca during 
the nights of Mina in order to provide the pilgrims with water 
to drink, so the Prophet permitted him. 
2.700: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Allah's Apostle came to the drinking 
place and asked for water. Al-Abbas said, "O Fadl! Go to your 
mother and bring water from her for Allah's Apostle . " Allah's 
Apostle said, "Give me water to drink. " Al-Abbas said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! The people put their hands in it. " Allah's 
Apostle again said, 'Give me water to drink. So, he drank from 
that water and then went to the Zamzam (well) and there the 
people were offering water to the others and working at it 
(drawing water from the well) . The Prophet then said to them, 
"Carry on! You are doing a good deed. " Then he said, "Were I 
not afraid that other people would compete with you (in 
drawing water from Zamzam) , I would certainly take the rope 
and put it over this (i.e. his shoulder) (to draw water) . " On 
saying that the Prophet pointed to his shoulder. 
2. 701: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: I gave Zamzam water to Allah's Apostle 
and he drank it while standing. 'Asia (a sub-narrator) said 



that " Ikrima took the oath that on that day the Prophet had 

not been standing but riding a camel . 

2.702: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

We set out with Allah's Apostle in the year of his Last Hajj 

and we mended (the Ihram) for ^Umra. Then the Prophet said, 

"Whoever has a Hadi with him should assume Ihram for both Hajj 
and ^Umra, and should not finish it till he performs both of 
the them (Hajj and ^Umra) . " When we reached Mecca, I had my 
menses. When we had performed our Hajj, the Prophet sent me 
with s Abdur-Rahman to Tan^im and I performed the ^Umra. The 
Prophet said, "This is in lieu of your missed ^Umra. " Those 
who had assumed Ihram for % Umra performed Tawaf (between Safa 
and Marwa) and then finished their Ihram. And then they 
performed another Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa) after 
returning from Mina. And those who had assumed Ihram for Hajj 
and ^Urnra to get her ( Hajj-Qiran ) performed only one Tawaf 

(between Safa and Marwa) . 
2.703: 
Narrated Nafi N ; 

^Abdullah bin ^Abdullah bin % Umar and his riding animal 
entered the house of Ibn ^Umar. He (the son of Ibn % Umar) 
said, "I fear that this year a battle might take place between 
the people and you might be prevented from going to the Ka*ba. 
I suggest that you should stay here. " Ibn "XJmar said, "Once 
Allah's Apostle set out for the pilgrimage, and the pagans of 
Quraish intervened between him and the Ka*ba. So, if the 
people intervened between me and the Ka *ba, I would do the 
same as Allah's Apostle had done . . . "Verily, in Allah's 
Apostle you have a good example. " Then he added, "I make you a 
witness that I have intended to perform Hajj along with 

"Umra. " After arriving at Mecca, Ibn *Umar performed one Tawaf 

only (between Safa and Marwa) . 

2. 704: 

Narrated Nafi v ; 

Ibn ^Umar intended to perform Hajj in the year when Al-Hajjaj 

attacked Ibn Az-Zubair. Somebody said to Ibn ^Umar, "There is 

a danger of an impending war between them. " Ibn ^Umar said, 



"Verily, in Allah's Apostle you have a good example. (And if 
it happened as you say) then I would do the same as Allah's 
Apostle had done. I make you witness that I have decided to 
perform "Umra. " Then he set out and when he reached Al-Baida' r 
he said, "The ceremonies of both Hajj and "Umra are similar. I 
make you witness that I have made Hajj compulsory for me along 
with "Umra. " He drove (to Mecca) a Hadi which he had bought 
from (a place called) Qudaid and did not do more than that . He 
did not slaughter the Hadi or finish his Ihram, or shave or 
cut short his hair till the day of slaughtering the sacrifices 

(10th Dhul-Hijja) . Then he slaughtered his Hadi and shaved his 
head and considered the first Tawaf (of Safa and Marwa) as 
sufficient for Hajj and "Umra. Ibn "Umar said, "Allah's 
Apostle did the same. " 
2.705: 

Narrated Muhammad bin " Abdur-Rahman bin Nawfal Al-Qurashi: I 
asked "Urwa bin Az-Zubair (regarding the Hajj of the Prophet 
) . "Urwa replied, "Aisha narrated, 'When the Prophet reached 
Mecca, the first thing he started with was the ablution, then 
he performed Tawaf of the Ka "ba and his intention was not 

"Umra alone (but Hajj and "Umra together) . ' " Later Abu Bakr I 
performed the Hajj and the first thing he started with was 
Tawaf of the Ka"ba and it was not "Umra alone (but Hajj and 

"Umra together) . And then "Umar did the same. Then "Uthman 
performed the Hajj and the first thing he started with was 
Tawaf of the Ka"ba and it was not "Umra alone. And then 
Muawiya and "Abdullah bin "Umar did the same. I performed Hajj 
with Ibn Az-Zubair and the first thing he started with was 
Tawaf of the Ka"ba and it was not "Umra alone, (but Hajj and 

"Umra together) . Then I saw the Muhajirin (Emigrants) and 
Ansar doing the same and it was not "Umra alone. And the last 
person I saw doing the same was Ibn "Umar, and he did not do 
another "Umra after finishing the first. Now here is Ibn "Umar 
present amongst the people! They neither ask him nor anyone of 
the previous ones. And all these people, on entering Mecca, 
would not start with anything unless they had performed Tawaf 
of the Ka"ba, and would not finish their Ihram. And no doubt, 
I saw my mother and my aunt, on entering Mecca doing nothing 



before performing Tawaf of the Ka"ba, and they would not 
finish their lhram. And my mother Informed me that she, her 
sister, Az-Zubalr and such and such persons had assumed lhram 
for "Umra and after passing their hands over the Corner (the 
Black Stone) (I.e. finishing their Umra) they finished their 
lhram. " 
2.706: 

Na rra ted x Urwa : 

I asked "Alsha : "How do you Interpret the statement of 
Allah, . : Verily! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwa are 
among the symbols of Allah, and whoever performs the Hajj to 
the Ka"ba or performs "Umra, It Is not harmful for him to 
perform Tawaf between them (Safa and Marwa.) (2.158) . By 
Allah! (It Is evident from this revelation) there Is no harm 
If one does not perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa. " " Alsha 
said, "O, my nephew! Your Interpretation Is not true. Had this 
Interpretation of yours been correct, the statement of Allah 
should have been, 'It Is not harmful for him If he does not 
perform Tawaf between them. ' But In fact, this divine 
Inspiration was revealed concerning the Ansar who used to 
assume lhram for worship ping an Idol called "Manat " which 
they used to worship at a place called Al-Mushallal before 
they embraced Islam, and whoever assumed lhram (for the Idol) , 
would consider It not right to perform Tawaf between Safa and 
Marwa. When they embraced Islam, they asked Allah's Apostle 

(p.b.u.h) regarding It, saying, "O Allah's Apostle! We used to 
refrain from Tawaf between Safa and Marwa. " So Allah revealed: 

'Verily; (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwa are among the 
symbols of Allah. ' " Alsha added, "Surely, Allah's Apostle set 
the tradition of Tawaf between Safa and Marwa, so nobody Is 
allowed to omit the Tawaf between them. " Later on I ("Urwa) 
told Abu Bakr bin " Abdur-Rahman (of "Alsha ' s narration) and he 
said, 'I have not heard of such Information, but I heard 
learned men saying that all the people, except those whom 

"Alsha mentioned and who used to assume lhram for the sake of 
Manat, used to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa. When 
Allah referred to the Tawaf of the Ka "ba and did not mention 
Safa and Marwa In the Qur'an, the people asked, 'O Allah's 



Apostle! We used to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa and 
Allah has revealed (the verses concerning) Tawaf of the Ka v Jba 
and has not mentioned Safa and Marwa. Is there any harm if we 
perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa?' So Allah revealed: 
"Verily As-Safa and Al-Marwa are among the symbols of Allah. " 
Abu Bakr said, "It seems that this verse was revealed 
concerning the two groups, those who used to refrain from 
Tawaf between Safa and Marwa in the Pre-Islamic Period of 
ignorance and those who used to perform the Tawaf then, and 
after embracing Islam they refrained from the Tawaf between 
them as Allah had enjoined Tawaf of the Ka v Jba and did not 
mention Tawaf (of Safa and Marwa) till later after mentioning 
the Tawaf of the Ka x iba . ' 
2. 707: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

Ibn "Umar said, "When Allah's Apostle performed the first 
Tawaf he did Ramal in the first three rounds and then walked 
in the remaining four rounds (of Tawaf of the Ka *ba) , where as 
in performing Tawaf between Safa and Marwa he used to run in 
the midst of the rainwater passage, " I asked Nafi " , "Did 
^Abdullah (bin ^Umar) use to walk steadily on reaching the 
Yemenite Corner?" He replied, "No, unless people were crowded 
at the Corner; otherwise he would not leave it without 
touching it . " 
2.708: 

Narrated *Amr bin Dinar: We asked Ibn ^Umar whether a man who, 
while performing % Umra, had performed Tawaf of the Ka"ba; and 
had not yet performed Tawaf between Safa and Marwa, could have 
sexual relation with his wife, Ibn *Umar replied "The Prophet 
(p.b.u.h) reached Mecca and performed the seven rounds (of 
Tawaf) of the Ka^ba and then offered a two-rak* at prayer 
behind Maqam Ibrahim and then performed the seven rounds (of 
Tawaf) between Safa and Marwa. " He added, "Verily! In Allah's 
Apostle (p.b.u.h) you have a good example. " We asked Jabir bin 
^Abdullah (the same question) and he said, "He (that man) 
should not come near (his wife) till he has completed Tawaf 
between Safa and Marwa. " 
2.709: 



Narrated *Amr bin Dinar: I heard Ibn ^Umar saying, "The 
Prophet arrived at Mecca and performed Tawaf of the Ka v Jba and 
then offered a two-rak^ at prayer and then performed Tawaf 
between Safa and Marwa. " Ibn ^Umar then recited (the verse) : 
"Verily! In Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) you have a good example. 

2. 710: 

Narrated "Asim: 

I asked Anas bin Malik: "Did you use to dislike to perform 
Tawaf between Safa and Marwa?" He said, "Yes, as it was of the 
ceremonies of the days of the Pre-Islamic period of ignorance, 
till Allah revealed: 'Verily! (The two mountains) As-Safa and 
Al-Marwa are among the symbols of Allah. It is therefore no 
sin for him who performs the pilgrimage to the Ka^ba, or 
performs ^Umra, to perform Tawaf between them. ' " (2.158) 
2. Ill: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Allah's Apostle performed Tawaf of the 
Ka"ba and the Sa^ i of Safa and Marwa so as to show his 
strength to the pagans. 
2.112: 

Narrated Aisha : 

I was menstruating when I reached Mecca. So, I neither 
performed Tawaf of the Ka ^ba, nor the Tawaf between Safa and 
Marwa. Then I informed Allah's Apostle about it. He replied, 
"Perform all the ceremonies of Hajj like the other pilgrims, 
but do not perform Tawaf of the Ka x Jba till you get clean (from 
your menses) . " 
2. 713: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: The Prophet and his companions 
assumed Ihram for Hajj and none except the Prophet (p.b.u.h) 
and Talha had the Hadi (sacrifice) with them. ^Ali arrived 
from Yemen and had a Hadi with him. ^Ali said, "I have assumed 
Ihram for what the Prophet has done. " The Prophet ordered his 
companions to perform the ^Umra with the Ihram which they had 
assumed, and after finishing Tawaf (of Ka"ba, Safa and Marwa) 
to cut short their hair, and to finish their Ihram except 
those who had Hadi with them. They (the people) said, "How can 
we proceed to Mina (for Hajj) after having sexual relations 



with our wives?" When that news reached the Prophet he said, 
"If I had formerly known what I came to know lately, I would 
not have brought the Hadi with me. Had there been no Hadi with 
me, I would have finished the state of lhram. " "Aisha got her 
menses, so she performed all the ceremonies of Hajj except 
Tawaf of the Ka "ba, and when she got clean (from her menses) , 
she performed Tawaf of the Ka"ba. She said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! (All of you) are returning with the Hajj and "Umra, 
but I am returning after performing Hajj only. " So the Prophet 
ordered " Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr to accompany her to Tan" im 
and thus she performed the " Umra after the Hajj . 
2. 714: 

Narrated Hafsa: 

(On "Id) We used to forbid our virgins to go out (for "Id 
prayer) . A lady came and stayed at the Palace of Bani Khalaf. 
She mentioned that her sister was married to one of the 
companions of Allah ' s Apostle who participated in twelve 
Ghazawats along with Allah's Apostle and her sister was with 
him in six of them. She said, "We used to dress the wounded 
and look after the patients . " She (her sister) asked Allah's 
Apostle , "Is there any harm for a woman to stay at home if 
she doesn't have a veil?" He said, "She should cover herself 
with the veil of her companion and she should take part in the 
good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers . " 
When Um ' Atiyya came, I asked her. "Did you hear anything 
about that?" Um 'Atiyya said, "Bi Abi" and she never mentioned 
the name of Allah's Apostle without saying "Bi Abi" (i.e. 'Let 
my father be sacrificed for you'). We asked her, "Have you 
heard Allah's Apostle saying so and so (about women) ?" She 
replied in the affirmative and said, "Let my father be 
sacrificed for him. He told us that unmarried mature virgins 
who stay often screened or unmarried young virgins and mature 
girls who stay often screened should come out and take part in 
the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the 
believers . But the menstruating women should keep away from 
the Musalla (praying place) . " I asked her, "The menstruating 
women?" She replied, "Don't they present themselves at "Arafat 
and at such and such places?" 



2. 715: 

Narrated " Abdul ' Aziz bin Rufai : I asked Anas bin Malik, "Tell 
me what you remember from Allah's Apostle (regarding these 
questions) : Where did he offer the Zuhr and "Asr prayers on 
the day of Tarwiya (8th day of Dhul-Hijja)?" He relied, "(He 
offered these prayers) at Mina. " I asked, "Where did he offer 
the "Asr prayer on the day of Nafr (i.e. departure from Mina 
on the 12th or 13th of Dhul-Hijja)?" He replied, "At 
Al-Abtah, " and then added, "You should do as your chiefs do. " 
2. 716: 

Narrated "Abdul "Aziz: I went out to Mina on the day of 
Tarwiya and met Anas going on a donkey. I asked him, "Where 
did the Prophet offer the Zuhr prayer on this day?" Anas 
replied, "See where your chiefs pray and pray similarly. " 
2. 717: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar : Allah's Apostle offered a 
two-rak" at prayer at Mina. Abu Bakr, "Umar and "Uthman, 
(during the early years of his caliphate) followed the same 
practice . 
2. 718: 

Narrated Haritha bin Wahab Al-Khuza" i: The Prophet led us in a 
two-rak" at prayer at Mina although our number was more than 
ever and we were in better security than ever. 
2. 719: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Mas"ud: I offered (only a) two rak" at 
prayer with the Prophet (at Mina) , and similarly with Abu Bakr 
and with "Umar, and then you d offered in opinions. Wish that 
I would be lucky enough to have two of the four rak" at 
accepted (by Allah) . 
2.720: 

Narrated Um Al-Fadl: The people doubted whether the Prophet 
was observing the fast on the Day of "Arafat, so I sent 
something for him to drink and he drank it . 
2. 721: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Abu Bakr Al-Thaqafi: I asked Anas bin 
Malik while we were proceeding from Mina to "Arafat, "What do 
you use to do on this day when you were with Allah's Apostle 
?" Anas said, "Some of us used to recite Talbiya and nobody 



objected to that, and others used to recite Takbir and nobody 
objected to that. " 
2.722: 
Narrated Salim: 

* Abdul Malik wrote to Al-Hajjaj that he should not differ from 
Ibn "Umar during Hajj. On the Day of "Arafat, when the sun 
declined at midday, Ibn "Umar came along with me and shouted 
near Al-Hajjaj ' s cotton (cloth) tent. Al-Hajjaj came Out, 
wrapping himself with a waist-sheet dyed with saf flower, and 
said, "O Abu " Abdur -Rahman ! What is the matter?" He said, If 
you want to follow the Sunna (the tradition of the Prophet 

(p.b.u.h) ) then proceed (to " Arafat) . " Al-Hajjaj asked, "At 
this very hour?" Ibn "Umar said, "Yes. " He replied, "Please 
wait for me till I pour some water over my head (i.e. take a 
bath) and come out. " Then Ibn "Umar dismounted and waited till 
Al-Hajjaj came out. So, he (Al-Hajjaj) walked in between me 
and my father (Ibn "Umar) . I said to him, "If you want to 
follow the Sunna then deliver a brief sermon and hurry up for 
the stay at "Arafat . " He started looking at "Abdullah (Ibn 

"Umar) (inquiringly) , and when "Abdullah noticed that, he said 

that he had told the truth. 

2.723: 

Narrated Urn Al-Fadl bint Al Harith: On the day of "Arafat, 

some people who were with me, differed about the fasting of 

the Prophet (p.b.u.h) some said that he was fasting while 

others said that he was not fasting. So I sent a bowl full of 

milk to him while he was riding his camel, and he drank that 

milk. 

2. 724: 

Narrated Salim bin "Abdullah bin "Umar: "Abdul-Malik bin 

Marwan wrote to Al-Hajjaj that he should follow "Abdullah bin 

"Umar in all the ceremonies of Hajj. So when it was the Day of 

"Arafat (9th of Dhul-Hijja) , and after the sun has deviated or 
has declined from the middle of the sky, I and Ibn "Umar came 
and he shouted near the cotton (cloth) tent of Al-Hajjaj, 

"Where is he?" Al-Hajjaj came out. Ibn "Umar said, "Let us 
proceed (to "Arafat) . " Al-Hajjaj asked, "Just now?" Ibn "Umar 
replied, "Yes. " Al-Hajjaj said, "Wait for me till I pour water 



on me (i.e. take a bath)." So, Ibn "Umar dismounted (and 
waited) till Al-Hajjaj came out. He was walking between me and 
my father. I informed Al-Hajjaj, "If you want to follow the 
Sunna today, then you should shorten the sermon and then hurry 
up for the stay (at * Arafat) . " Ibn ^Umar said, "He (Salim) has 
spoken the truth. " 
2. 725: 
Narrated Muhammad bin Jubair bin Mut^im: My father said, 

" (Before Islam) I was looking for my camel . . " The same 
narration is told by a different sub-narrator. Jubair bin 
Mut" im said, "My camel was lost and I went out in search of it 
on the day of ^Arafat, and I saw the Prophet standing in 

N Arafat . I said to myself: By Allah he is from the Hums 

(literally: strictly religious, Quraish were called so, as 
they used to say, 'We are the people of Allah we shall not go 
out of the sanctuary) . What has brought him here?" 
2. 726: 

Narrated " Urwa : 

During the Pre-Islamic period of Ignorance, the people used to 
perform Tawaf of the Ka v Jba naked except the Hums; and the Hums 
were Quraish and their offspring. The Hums used to give 
clothes to the men who would perform the Tawaf wearing them; 
and women (of the Hums) used to give clothes to the women who 
would perform the Tawaf wearing them. Those to whom the Hums 
did not give clothes would perform Tawaf round the Ka^ba 
naked. Most of the people used to go away (disperse) directly 
from ^Arafat but they (Hums) used to depart after staying at 
Al-Muzdalifa. ^Urwa added, "My father narrated that s Aisha had 
said, 'The following verses were revealed about the Hums: Then 
depart from the place whence all the people depart — (2.199) 

*Urwa added, "They (the Hums) used to stay at Al-Muzdalifa and 
used to depart from there (to Mina) and so they were sent to 

" Arafat (by Allah ' s order) . " 

2. 727: 

Na rra ted * Urwa : 

Usama was asked in my presence, "How was the speed of (the 

camel of) Allah ' s Apostle while departing from * Arafat during 

the Hajjatul Wada" ?" Usama replied, "The Prophet proceeded on 



with a modest pace, and when there was enough space he would 

(make his camel) go very fast. " 
2.728: 
Narrated Usama bin Zaid: As soon as the Prophet departed from 

"Arafat, he went towards the mountain pass, and there he 
answered the call of) the prayer is ahead of you (i.e. at 
asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Will you offer the prayer here?" He 
replied, "(The place of) the prayer is ahead of you (i.e. at 
Al-Muzdalifa) . " 
2. 729: 
Narrated Nafi " : 

" Abdullah bin "Umar used to offer the Maghrib and "Isha' 
prayers together at Jam ' (Al-Muzdalifa) . But he used to pass 
by that mountain pass where Allah's Apostle went, and he would 
enter it and answer the call of nature and perform ablution, 
and would not offer any prayer till he had prayed at Jam. ' 
2.730: 
Narrated Usama bin Zaid: I rode behind Allah ' s Apostle from 

" Arafat and when Allah's Apostle reached the mountain pass on 
the left side which is before Al-Muzdalifa he made his camel 
kneel and then urinated, and then I poured water for his 
ablution. He performed light ablution and then I said to him: 

(Is it the time for) the prayer, O Allah's Apostle!" He 
replied, "The (place of) prayer is ahead of you (i.e. at 
Al-Muzdalifa)." So Allah's Apostle rode till he reached 
Al-Muzdalifa and then he offered the prayer (there) . Then in 
the morning (10th Dhul-Hijja) Al-Faql (bin "Abbas) rode behind 
Allah's Apostle. Kuraib, (a sub-narrator) said that "Abdullah 
bin "Abbas narrated from Al-Fadl, "Allah' s Apostle (p.b.u.h) 
kept on reciting Talbiya (during the journey) till he reached 
the Jamra. " (Jamrat-Al-"Aqaba) 
2.731: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas. : I proceeded along with the Prophet on 
the day of "Arafat (9th Dhul-Hijja) . The Prophet heard a great 
hue and cry and the beating of camels behind him. So he 
beckoned to the people with his lash, "O people! Be quiet. 
Hastening is not a sign of righteousness . " 
2.732: 



Narrated Usama bin Zaid: Allah's Apostle proceeded from 

"Arafat and dismounted at the mountainous pass and then 
urinated and performed a light ablution. I said to him, 

"(Shall we offer) the prayer?" He replied, "The prayer is 
ahead of you (i.e. at Al-Muzdalifa) . " When he came to 
Al-Muzdalifa, he performed a perfect ablution. Then Iqama for 
the prayer was pronounced and he offended the Maghrib prayer 
and then every person made his camel kneel at his place; and 
then Iqama for the prayer was pronounced and he offered the 

("Isha') prayer and he did not offer any prayer in between 

them (i.e. Maghrib and " Isha ' prayers) . 

2.733: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet offered the Maghrib and "Isha' 

prayers together at Jam' (i.e. Al-Muzdalifa) with a separate 

Iqama for each of them and did not offer any optional prayer 

in between them or after each of them. 

2. 734: 

Narrated Abu Aiyub Al-Ansari : Allah ' s Apostle offered the 

Maghrib and "Isha' prayers together at Al-Muzdalifa. 

2.735: 

Narrated " Abdur -Rahman bin Yazid: "Abdullah; - performed the 

Hajj and we reached Al-Muzdalifa at or about the time of the 

"Isha' prayer. He ordered a man to pronounce the Adhan and 
Iqama and then he offered the Maghrib prayer and offered two 
rak" at after it. Then he asked for his supper and took it, and 
then, I think, he ordered a man to pronounce the Adhan and 
Iqama (for the "Isha' prayer). ("Amr, a sub-narrator said: The 
intervening statement 'I think', was said by the sub-narrator 
Zuhair) (i.e. not by " Abdur-Rahman) . Then "Abdullah offered 
two rak" at of "Isha' prayer. When the day dawned, "Abdullah 
said, "The Prophet never offered any prayer at this hour 
except this prayer at this time and at this place and on this 
day. " "Abdullah added, "These two prayers are shifted from 
their actual times — the Maghrib prayer (is offered) when the 
people reached Al-Muzdalifa and the Fajr (morning) prayer at 
the early dawn. " "Abdullah added, "I saw the Prophet doing 
that . " 
2.736: 



Narrated Salim: 

^Abdullah bin % Umar used to send the weak among his family 
early to Mina. So they used to depart from Al-Mash'ar Al-Haram 

(that is Al-Muzdalifa) at night (when the moon had set) and 
invoke Allah as much as they could, and then they would return 

(to Mina) before the Imam had started from Al-Muzdalifa to 
Mina. So some of them would reach Mina at the time of the Fajr 
prayer and some of them would come later. When they reached 
Mina they would throw pebbles on the Jamra (Jamrat-Al-* Aqaba) 
Ibn ^Urnar used to say, "Allah's Apostle gave the permission to 
them (weak people) to do so. " 
2. 737: 
Narrated Ibn s Abbas : Allah's Apostle had sent me from Jam' 

(i.e. Al-Muzdalifa) at night. 
2.738: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: I as among those whom the Prophet sent on 
the night of Al-Muzdalifa early being among the weak members 
of his family. 
2.739: 

Narrated x Abdullah: (the slave of Asma') During the night of 
Jam', Asma' got down at Al-Muzdalifa and stood up for 

(offering) the prayer and offered the prayer for some time and 

then asked, "O my son! Has the moon set?" I replied in the 

negative and she again prayed for another period and then 

asked, "Has the moon set?" I replied, "Yes. " So she said that 

we should set out (for Mina) , and we departed and went on till 

she threw pebbles at the Jamra (Jamrat-Al-" Aqaba) and then she 

returned to her dwelling place and offered the morning prayer. 

I asked her, "O you! I think we have come (to Mina) early in 

the night. " She replied, "O my son! Allah's Apostle gave 

permission to the women to do so. " 

2. 740: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Sauda asked the permission of the Prophet to leave earlier at 

the night of Jam' , and she was a fat and very slow woman. The 

Prophet gave her permission. 

2. 741: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 



We got down at Al-Muzdalifa and Sauda asked the permission of 
the Prophet to leave (early) before the rush of the people. 
She was a slow woman and he gave her permission, so she 
departed (from Al-Muzdalifa) before the rush of the people. We 
kept on staying at Al-Muzdalifa till dawn, and set out with 
the Prophet but (I suffered so much that) I wished I had taken 
the permission of Allah's Apostle as Sauda had done, and that 
would have been dearer to me than any other happiness . 
2. 742: 

Narrated x Abdullah: I never saw the Prophet offering any 
prayer not at its stated time except two; he prayed the 
Maghrib and the "Isha' together and he offered the morning 
prayer before its usual time. 
2.743: 

Narrated * Abdur -Rahman bin Yazid I went out with x Abdullah , 
to Mecca and when we proceeded to am ' he offered the two 
prayers (the Maghrib and the "Isha') together, making the 
Adhan and Iqama separately for each prayer. He took his supper 
in between the two prayers. He offered the Fajr prayer as soon 
as the day dawned. Some people said, "The day had dawned (at 
the time of the prayer) , " and others said, "The day had not 
dawned. " " Abdullah then said, "Allah's Apostle said, 'These 
two prayers have been shifted from their stated times at this 
place only (at Al-Muzdalifa) ; first: The Maghrib and the 
"Isha'. So the people should not arrive at Al-Muzdalifa till 
the time of the "Isha' prayer has become due. The second 
prayer is the morning prayer which is offered at this hour. ' " 
Then " Abdullah stayed there till it became a bit brighter. He 
then said, "If the chief of the believers hastened onwards to 
Mina just now, then he had indeed followed the Sunna." I do 
not know which proceeded the other, his ("Abdullah' s) 
statement or the departure of "Uthman . "Abdullah was reciting 
Talbiya till he threw pebbles at the Jamrat-Al-" Aqaba on the 
Day of Nahr (slaughtering) (that is the 10th of Dhul-Hijja) . 
2. 744: 

Narrated "Amr bin Maimun: I saw "Umar, offering the Fajr 
(morning) prayer at Jam'; then he got up and said, "The pagans 
did not use to depart (from Jam') till the sun had risen, and 



they used to say, 'Let the sun shine on Thabir (a mountain) . ' 
But the Prophet contradicted them and departed from Jam ' 
before sunrise. " 
2. 745: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: The Prophet made Al-Faql ride behind him, 
and Al-Fadl informed that he (the Prophet ) kept on reciting 
Talbiya till he did the Rami of the Jamra. (Jamrat-Al-* Aqaba . ) 
2.746: 

Narrated 'Ubaidullah bin x Abdullah: Ibn " Abbas said, "Usama 
bin Zaid rode behind the Prophet from "Arafat to Al-Muzdalifa; 
and then from Al-Muzdalifa to Mina, Al-Fadl rode behind him. " 
He added, "Both of them (Usama and Al-Fadl) said, 'The Prophet 
was constantly reciting Talbiya till he did Rami of the 
Jamarat-Al-" Aqaba. " 
2. 747: 

Narrated Abu Jamra: I asked Ibn "Abbas about Hajj-at-Tamattu" . 
He ordered me to perform it . I asked him about the Hadi 
(sacrifice) . He said, "You have to slaughter a camel, a cow or 
a sheep, or you may share the Hadi with the others. " It seemed 
that some people disliked it (Hajj-at-Tamattu" ) . I slept and 
dreamt as if a person was announcing: "Hajj Mabrur and 
accepted Mut'ah (Hajj-at-Tamattu" ) " I went to Ibn "Abbas and 
narrated it to him. He said, "Allah is Greater. (That was) the 
tradition of Abu Al-Qasim (i.e. Prophet). Narrated Shu"ba that 
the call in the dream was. "An accepted "Umra and Hajj-Mabrur. 

2. 748: 

Narrated Abu Huraira' : Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) saw a man 

driving his Badana (sacrificial camel) . He said, "Ride on it . " 

The man said, "It is a Badana. " The Prophet said, "Ride on 

it . " He (the man) said, "It is a Badana . " The Prophet said, 

"Ride on it . " And on the second or the third time he (the 

Prophet ) added, "Woe to you. " 

2. 749: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet saw a man driving a Badana. He said, "Ride on it. " 

The man replied, "It is a Badana." The Prophet said (again), 

"Ride on it. " He (the man) said, "It is a Badana. " The Prophet 



said thrice, "Ride on it. " 
2. 750: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: During the last Hajj (Hajj-al-Wada*) of 
Allah's Apostle he performed ^Umra and Hajj. He drove a Hadi 
along with him from Dhul-Hulaifa. Allah's Apostle started by 
assuming Ihram for ^Umra and Hajj. And the people, too, 
performed the "Umra and Hajj along with the Prophet. Some of 
them brought the Hadi and drove it along with them, while the 
others did not. So, when the Prophet arrived at Mecca, he said 
to the people, "Whoever among you has driven the Hadi, should 
not finish his Ihram till he completes his Hajj. And whoever 
among you has not (driven) the Hadi with him, should perform 
Tawaf of the Ka % iba and the Tawaf between Safa and Marwa, then 
cut short his hair and finish his Ihram, and should later 
assume Ihram for Hajj; but he must offer a Hadi (sacrifice) ; 
and if anyone cannot afford a Hadi, he should fast for three 
days during the Hajj and seven days when he returns home. The 
Prophet performed Tawaf of the Ka^ba on his arrival (at 
Mecca) ; he touched the (Black Stone) corner first of all and 
then did Ramal (fast walking with moving of the shoulders) 
during the first three rounds round the Ka ^ba, and during the 
last four rounds he walked. After finishing Tawaf of the 
Ka^ba, he offered a two rak" at prayer at Maqam Ibrahim, and 
after finishing the prayer he went to Safa and Marwa and 
performed seven rounds of Tawaf between them and did not do 
any deed forbidden because of Ihram, till he finished all the 
ceremonies of his Hajj and sacrificed his Hadi on the day of 
Nahr (10th day of Dhul-Hijja) . He then hastened onwards (to 
Mecca) and performed Tawaf of the Ka % ba and then everything 
that was forbidden because of Ihram became permissible. Those 
who took and drove the Hadi with them did the same as Allah's 
Apostle did. 
2. 751: 
Narrated Nafi x ; 

x Abdullah (bin " Abdullah) bin *Umar said to his father, "Stay 
here, for I am afraid that it (affliction between Ibn Zubair 
and Al-Hajjaj) might prevent you from reaching the Ka^ba. " Ibn 

% Umar said, "(In this case) I would do the same as Allah's 



Apostle did, and Allah has said, 'Verily, In Allah's Apostle, 

you have a good example (to follow) . ' So, I make you, people, 

witness that I have made "Umra compulsory for me. " So he 

assumed lhram for ^Umra. Then he went out and when he reached 

Al-Balda', he assumed lhram for Hajj and % Umra (together) and 

said, "The conditions (requisites) of Hajj and ^Urnra are the 

same. " He, then brought a Had! from Qudaid. Then he arrived 

(at Mecca) and performed Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa) once 

for both Hajj and "Umra and did not finish the lhram till he 

had finished both Hajj and ^Umra. 

2. 752: 

Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and Marwan: The Prophet set 

out from Medina with over one thousand of his companions (at 

the time of the Treaty of Hudaibiya) and when they reached 

Dhul-Hulaifa, the Prophet garlanded his Had! and marked it and 

assumed lhram for % Umra. 

2. 753: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

I twisted with my own hands the garlands for the Budn of the 

Prophet who garlanded and marked them, and then made them 

proceed to Mecca; Yet no permissible thing was regarded as 

illegal for him then. 

2. 754: 

Narrated Hafsa: 

I said, "O Allah's Apostle! What is wrong with the people, 

they have finished their lhram but you have not?" He said, "I 

matted my hair and I have garlanded my Hadi, so I will not 

finish my lhram till I finished my Hajj . " 

2. 755: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to send the Hadi from Medina and I used 

to twist the garlands for his Hadi and he did not keep away 

from any of these things which a Muhrim keeps away from. 

2.756: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

I twisted the garlands for the Hadis of the Prophet and then 

he marked and garlanded them (or I garlanded them) and then 

made them proceed to the Ka x Jba but he remained in Medina and 



no permissible thing was regarded as Illegal for him then . 
2. 757: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abu Bakr bin "Amr bin Hazm: That "Amra 
bint " Abdur -Rahman had told him, "Zaid bin Abu Sufyan wrote to 

"Aisha that "Abdullah bin "Abbas had stated, 'Whoever sends 
his Had! (to the Ka "ba) , all the things which are illegal for 
a (pilgrim) become illegal for that person till he slaughters 
it (i.e. till the 10th of Dhul-Hijja) . ' " "Amra added, "Aisha 
said, 'It is not like what Ibn "Abbas had said: I twisted the 
garlands of the Hadis of Allah's Apostle with my own hands. 
Then Allah's Apostle put them round their necks with his own 
hands, sending them with my father; Yet nothing permitted by 
Allah was considered illegal for Allah's Apostle till he 
slaughtered the Hadis. ' " 
2.758: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Once the Prophet sent sheep as Had! . 
2.759: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

I used to make the garlands for (the Hadis of) the Prophet and 
he would garland the sheep (with them) and would stay with his 
family as a non-Muhrim. 
2. 760: 

Narrated Aisha: 

I used to twist the garlands for the sheep of the Prophet and 
he would send them (to the Ka"ba) , and stay as a non-Muhrim. 
2.761: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

I twisted (the garlands) for the Hadis of the Prophet before 
he assumed Ihram. 
2. 762: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

I twisted the garlands of the Hadis from the wool which was 
with me. 
2.763: 

Narrated "Ikrima: 
Abu Huraira said, "The Prophet saw a man driving a Badana 

(sacrificial camel). The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said (to him), 



'Ride on it . ' He replied, 'It is a Ba.da.na.. ' The Prophet again 
said, 'Ride on it!' Abu Huraira added, 'Then I saw that man 
riding it, showing obedience to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) , and a 
shoe was (hanging) from its neck. ' " 
2.764: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: From the Prophet: (as above) . 
2.765: 

Narrated "All : 

Allah's Apostle ordered me to give in charity the skin and the 
coverings of the Budn which I had slaughtered. 
2.766: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

Ibn "Umar intended to perform Hajj in the year of the Hajj of 
Al-Harawriya during the rule of Ibn Az-Zubair. Some people 
said to him, "It is very likely that there will be a fight 
among the people, and we are afraid that they might prevent 
you (from performing Hajj) . " He replied, "Verily, in Allah's 
Apostle there is a good example for you (to follow) . In this 
case I would do the same as he had done. I make you witness 
that I have intended to perform "Umra. " When he reached 
Al-Baida', he said, "The conditions for both Hajj and ^Umra 
are the same. I make you witness that I have intended to 
perform Hajj along with ^Urnra. " After that he took a garlanded 
Hadi (to Mecca) which he bought (on the way) . When he reached 

(Mecca), he performed Tawaf of the Ka^ba and of Safa (and 
Marwa) and did not do more than that . He did not make legal 
for himself the things which were illegal for a Muhrim till it 
was the Day of Nahr (sacrifice) , when he had his head shaved 
and slaughtered (the sacrifice) and considered sufficient his 
first Tawaf (between Safa and Marwa) , as a (Sa^i) for his Hajj 
and ^Umra both. He then said, "The Prophet used to do like 
that . " 
2. 767: 
Narrated " Amra bint x Abdur-Rahman : I heard ^Aisha saying, 

"Five days before the end of Dhul-Qa 'da we set out from Medina 
in the company of Allah ' s Apostle with the intention of 
performing Hajj only. When we approached Mecca, Allah's 
Apostle ordered those who had no Hadi with them to finish 



their lhram after performing Tawaf of the Ka"ba and (Sa^i) and 
between Safa and Marwa. " "Aisha added, "On the day of Nahr 

(slaughtering of sacrifice) beef was brought to us . I asked, 

'What is this?' The reply was, 'Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) has 
slaughtered (sacrifices) on behalf of his wives. ' " 
2.768: 
Narrated Nafi N ; 

"Abdullah (bin "Umar) , used to slaughter (his sacrifice) at 

the Manhar . ( 'Ubaidullah, a sub-narrator said, "The Manhar of 

Allah's Apostle. ") 

2.769: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

Ibn "Uniar used to send his Hadi from Jam' (to Mina) in the 

last third of the night with the pilgrims amongst whom there 

were free men and slaves, till it was taken into the Manhar 

(slaughtering place) of the Prophet . 
2. 770: 

Narrated Sahl bin Bakkar: The narration of Anas abridged, 
saying, "The Prophet slaughtered seven Budn (camels) while 
standing, with his own hands. On the day of " Id-ul-Adha he 
slaughtered (sacrificed) two horned rams, black and white in 
color. 
2. 771: 

Narrated Zaid bin Jubair: I saw Ibn "Umar passing by a man who 
had made his Badana sit to slaughter it. Ibn "Umar said, 

"Slaughter it while it is standing with one leg tied up as is 
the tradition of Muhammad. " 
2. 772: 

Narrated Anas 

The Prophet offered four rak" at of Zuhr prayer at Medina; and 
two rak" at of "Asr prayer at Dhil-Hulaifa and spent the night 
there and when (the day) dawned, he mounted his Mount and 
started saying, "None has the right to be worshipped but 
Allah, and Glorified be Allah. " When he reached Al-Baida' he 
recited Talbiya for both Hajj and "Umra. And when he arrived 
at Mecca, he ordered them (his companions) to finish their 
lhram. The Prophet slaughtered seven Budn (camel) with his own 
hands while the camels were standing He also sacrificed two 



horned rams (black and white in color) at Medina. 

2. 773: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) offered four 

rak" at of Zuhr prayer at Medina and two rak^at of ^Asr prayer 

at Dhul-Hulaifa. Narrated Aiyub: "A man said: Anas said, "Then 

he (the Prophet passed the night there till dawn and then he 

offered the morning (Fajr) prayer, and mounted his Mount and 

when it arrived at Al-Baida ' he assumed Ihram for both "Umra 

and Hajj. " 

2. 774: 

Narrated ^Ali : 

The Prophet sent me to supervise the (slaughtering of) Budn 

(Hadi camels) and ordered me to distribute their meat, and 

then he ordered me to distribute their covering sheets and 

skins. 'All added, "The Prophet ordered me to supervise the 

slaughtering (of the Budn) and not to give anything (of their 

bodies) to the butcher as wages for slaughtering . " 

2.115: 

Narrated " Ali : 

The Prophet ordered me to supervise the (slaughtering) of Budn 

(Hadi camel) and to distribute their meat, skins and covering 

sheets in charity and not to give anything (of their bodies) 

to the butcher as wages for slaughtering . 

2. 776: 

Narrated *Ali : 

The Prophet offered one hundred Budn as Hadi and ordered me to 

distribute their meat (in charity) and I did so. Then he 

ordered me to distribute their covering sheets in charity and 

I did so. Then he ordered me to distribute their skins in 

charity and I did so. 

2. 777; 

Narrated Ibn Jural j: % Ata' said, "I heard Jabir bin ^Abdullah 

saying, 'We never ate the meat of the Budn for more than three 

days of Mina. Later, the Prophet gave us permission by saying: 

'Eat and take (meat) with you. So we ate (some) and took 

(some) with us.' "I asked ^Ata', "Did Jabir say (that they 
went on eating the meat) till they reached Medina?" ^Ata' 
replied, "No. " 



2. 778: 

Na rra ted * Amra : 

I heard "Aisha saying, "We set out (from Medina) along with 
Allah's Apostle five days before the end of Dhul-Qa'da with 
the intention of performing Hajj only. When we approached 
Mecca, Allah's Apostle ordered those who had no Hadi along 
with them to finish the lhram after performing Tawaf of the 
Ka x Jba, (Safa and Marwa) . "Aisha added, "Beef was brought to us 
on the Day of Nahr and I said, 'What is this?' Somebody said, 
'The Prophet has slaughtered (cows) on behalf of his wives. ' " 
2. 779: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet was asked about a person who 
had his head shaved before slaughtering (his Hadi) (or other 
similar ceremonies of Hajj) . He replied, "There is no harm, 
there is no harm. " 
2.780: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: A man said to the Prophet "I performed 
the Tawaf-al-Ifada before the Rami (throwing pebbles at the 
Jamra) . " The Prophet replied, "There is no harm. " The man 
said, "I had my head shaved before slaughtering . " The Prophet 
replied, "There is no harm. " He said, "I have slaughtered the 
Hadi before the Rami. " The Prophet replied, "There is no 
harm. " 
2. 781: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet was asked by a man who said, 
"I have done the Rami in the evening. " The Prophet replied, 
"There is no harm in it . " Another man asked, "I had my head 
shaved before the slaughtering . " The Prophet replied, "There 
is no harm in it. " 
2.782: 

Narrated Abu Musa: I came upon Allah's Apostle when he was at 
Al-Batha. He asked me, "Have you intended to perform the 
Hajj?" I replied in the affirmative. He asked, "For what have 
you assumed lhram?" I replied, " I have assumed lhram with the 
same intention as that of the Prophet . " The Prophet said, 
"You have done well ! Go and perform Tawaf round the Ka x Jba and 
between Safa and Marwa. " Then I went to one of the women of 
Bani Qais and she took out lice from my head. Later, I assumed 



the Ihram for Hajj. So, I used to give this verdict to the 
people till the caliphate of ^Umar. When I told him about it, 
he said, "If we take (follow) the Holy Book, then it orders us 
to complete Hajj and ^Urnra (Hajj-at-Tamattu*) and if we follow 
the tradition of Allah's Apostle then Allah's Apostle did not 
finish his lhram till the Hadi had reached its destination 

(had been slaughtered) . (i.e. Hajj-al-Qiran) . (See Hadith No. 

630) 

2.783: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Hafsa said, "O Allah's Apostle! What is 

wrong with the people; they finished their Ihram after 

performing ^Umra, but you have not finished it after your 

^Umra?" He replied, "I matted my hair and have garlanded my 
Hadi. So, I cannot finish my Ihram till I slaughter (my Hadi). 

2. 784: 

Narrated Ibn ^Urnar: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) (got) his head 

shaved after performing his Hajj. 

2. 785: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "O Allah! 

Be merciful to those who have their head shaved. " The people 

said, "O Allah's Apostle! And (invoke Allah for) those who get 

their hair cut short. " The Prophet said, "O Allah! Be merciful 

to those who have their head shaved. " The people said, "O 

Allah's Apostle! And those who get their hair cut short. " The 

Prophet said (the third time) , "And to those who get their 

hair cut short . " Nafi v said that the Prophet had said once or 

twice, "O Allah! Be merciful to those who get their head 

shaved, " and on the fourth time he added, "And to those who 

have their hair cut short . " 

2.786: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "O Allah! Forgive 

those who get their heads shaved. " The people asked. "Also 

those who get their hair cut short?" The Prophet said, "O 

Allah! Forgive those who have their heads shaved. " The people 

said, "Also those who get their hair cut short?" The Prophet 

(invoke Allah for those who have their heads shaved and) at 

the third time said, "also (forgive) those who get their hair 



cut short . " 
2. 787: 

Narrated "Abdullah: The Prophet and some of his companions got 
their heads shaved and some others got their hair cut short . 
Narrated Muawiya: I cut short the hair of Allah's Apostle with 
a long blade. 
2.788: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: When the Prophet came to Mecca, he 
ordered his Companions to perform Tawaf round the Ka "ba and 
between Safa and Marwa, to finish their Ihram and get their 
hair shaved off or cut short . 
2.789: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

We performed Hajj with the Prophet and performed 
Tawaf-al-ifada on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering) . Safiya got 
her menses and the Prophets desired from her what a husband 
desires from his wife. I said to him, "O Allah's Apostle! She 
is having her menses. " He said, "Is she going to detain us?" 
We informed him that she had performed Tawaf -al-Ifada on the 
Day of Nahr. He said, "(Then you can) depart." 
2.790: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The Prophet was asked about the 
slaughtering, shaving (of the head) , and the doing of Rami 
before or after the due times. He said, "There is no harm in 
that . " 
2. 791: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The Prophet was asked (as regards the 
ceremonies of Hajj) at Mina on the Day of Nahr and he replied 
that there was no harm. Then a man said to him, "I got my head 
shaved before slaughtering . " He replied, "Slaughter (now) and 
there is no harm in it . " (Another) man said, "I did the Rami 
(of the Jimar) after midday. " The Prophet replied, "There was 
no harm in it . " 
2. 792: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Amr : Allah's Apostle stopped (for a 
while near the Jimar at Mina) during his last Hajj and the 
people started asking him questions . A man said, "Ignorantly I 
got my head shaved before slaughtering . " The Prophet replied, 



"Slaughter (now) and there is no harm in it . " Another man 
said, "Unknowingly I slaughtered the Hadi before doing the 
Rami . " The Prophet said, "Do Rami now and there is no harm in 
it . " So, on that day, when the Prophet was asked about 
anything (about the ceremonies of Hajj) done before or after 

(its stated time) his reply was, "Do it (now) and there is no 
harm. " 
2.793: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin "Amr bin Al-^As: I witnessed the 
Prophet when he was delivering the sermon on the Day of Nahr. 
A man stood up and said, "I thought that such and such was to 
be done before such and such. I got my hair shaved before 
slaughtering . " (Another said) , "I slaughtered the Hadi before 
doing the Rami . " So, the people asked about many similar 
things. The Prophet said, "Do it (now) and there is no harm in 
all these cases. " Whenever the Prophet was asked about 
anything on that day, he replied, "Do it (now) and there is no 
harm in it . " 
2. 794: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin "Amr bin Al-"As: Allah's Apostle 
stopped while on his she-camel (the sub-narrator then narrated 
the Hadith as above, i.e. 793). 
2. 795: 

Na rra ted x Ikrima : 

Ibn x Abbas said: "Allah ' s Apostle delivered a sermon on the 
Day of Nahr, and said, 'O people! (Tell me) what is the day 
today?' The people replied, 'It is the forbidden (sacred) 
day. ' He asked again, 'What town is this?' They replied, 'It 
is the forbidden (Sacred) town. ' He asked, 'Which month is 
this?' They replied, 'It is the forbidden (Sacred) month. ' He 
said, 'No doubt ! Your blood, your properties, and your honor 
are sacred to one another like the sanctity of this day of 
yours, in this (sacred) town (Mecca) of yours, in this month 
of yours. ' The Prophet repeated his statement again and again. 
After that he raised his head and said, 'O Allah! Haven't 
conveyed (Your Message) to them' . Haven't I conveyed Your 
Message to them?' " Ibn "Abbas added, "By Him in Whose Hand my 
soul is, the following was his will (Prophet ' s will) to his 



followers: — It is incumbent upon those who are present to 
convey this information to those who are absent Beware don 't 
renegade (as) disbelievers (turn into infidels) after me, 
Striking the necks (cutting the throats) of one another. ' " 
2.796: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: I heard the Prophet delivering a sermon 
at " Arafat . 
2. 797: 

Narrated Abu Bakra: The Prophet delivered to us a sermon on 
the Day of Nahr. He said, "Do you know what is the day today?" 
We said, "Allah and His Apostle know better. " He remained 
silent till we thought that he might give that day another 
name. He said, "Isn't it the Day of Nahr?" We said, "It is. " 
He further asked, "Which month is this?" We said, "Allah and 
His Apostle know better. " He remained silent till we thought 
that he might give it another name. He then said, "Isn't it 
the month of Dhul-Hijja?" We replied: "Yes! It is. " He further 
asked, "What town is this?" We replied, "Allah and His Apostle 
know it better. " He remained silent till we thought that he 
might give it another name. He then said, "Isn't it the 
forbidden (Sacred) town (of Mecca) ?" We said, "Yes. It is." He 
said, "No doubt, your blood and your properties are sacred to 
one another like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this 
month of yours, in this town of yours, till the day you meet 
your Lord. No doubt! Haven't I conveyed Allah's message to 
you? They said, "Yes. " He said, "O Allah! Be witness. So it is 
incumbent upon those who are present to convey it (this 
information) to those who are absent because the informed one 
might comprehend it (what I have said) better than the present 
audience, who will convey it to him. Beware! Do not renegade 

(as) disbelievers after me by striking the necks (cutting the 

throats) of one another. " 

2.798: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: At Mina, the Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Do 

you know what is the day today?" The people replied, "Allah 

and His Apostle know it better. " He said, "It is the forbidden 

(sacred) day. And do you know what town is this?" They 
replied, "Allah and His Apostle know it better. " He said, 



"This is the forbidden (Sacred) town (Mecca) . And do you know 
which month is this?" The people replied, "Allah and His 
Apostle know it better. " He said, "This is the forbidden 

(sacred) month. " The Prophet added, "No doubt, Allah made your 
blood, your properties, and your honor sacred to one another 
like the sanctity of this day of yours in this month of yours 
in this town of yours. " Narrated Ibn "Umar: On the Day of Nahr 

(10th of Dhul-Hijja) , the Prophet stood in between the Jamrat 
during his Hajj which he performed (as in the previous Hadith) 
and said, "This is the greatest Day (i.e. 10th of 
Dhul-Hijjah) . " The Prophet started saying repeatedly, "O 
Allah! Be Witness (I have conveyed Your Message) . " He then 
bade the people farewell. The people said, "This is 
Hajjat-al-Wada" ) . " 
2.799: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet permitted the people who 
provided the pilgrims with water to stay at Mecca during the 
nights of Mina. 
2.800: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar That the Prophet allowed people who 
provided the pilgrims with water to stay at Mecca during the 
nights of Mina. 
2.801: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Al-Abbas asked the permission from the 
Prophet to stay at Mecca during the nights of Mina in order to 
provide water to the people, so the Prophet allowed him. 
2.802: 

Narrated Wabra: 

I asked Ibn "Umar, "When should I do the Rami of the Jimar?" 
He replied, "When your leader does that . " I asked him again 
the same question. He replied, "We used to wait till the sun 
declined and then we would do the Rami (i.e. on the 11th and 
12th of Dhul-Hijja) . " 
2.803: 

Narrated * Abdur -Rahman bin Yazid: "Abdullah, did the Rami from 
the middle of the valley. So, I said, "O, Abu x Abdur -Rahman ! 
Some people do the Rami (of the Jamra) from above it (i.e. 
from the top of the valley) . " He said, "By Him except whom 



none has the right to be worshipped, this is the place from 

where the one on whom Surat-al-Baqara was revealed (i.e. 

Allah's Apostle) did the Rami. " 

2.804: 

Narrated * Abdur -Rahman bin Yazid: When ^Abdullah, reached the 

big Jamra (i.e. Jamrat-ul-Aqaba) he kept the Ka^ba on the left 

side and Mina on his right side and threw seven pebbles (at 

the Jamra) and said, "The one on whom Surat-al-Baqara was 

revealed (i.e. the Prophet) had done the Rami similarly." 

2.805: 

Narrated " Abdur -Rahman bin Yazid: I performed Hajj with Ibn 

Mas x ud , and saw him doing Rami of the big Jamra 

(Jamrat-ul-Aqaba) with seven small pebbles, keeping the Ka"ba 
on his left side and Mina on his right . He then said, "This is 
the place where the one on whom Surat-al-Baqara was revealed 

(i.e. Allah's Apostle ) stood." 
2.806: 
Narrated Al-A^mash: I heard Al-Hajjaj saying on the pulpit, 

"The Sura in which Al-Baqara (the cow) is mentioned and the 
Sura in which the family of x Imran is mentioned and the Sura 
in which the women (An-Nisa) is mentioned. " I mentioned this 
to Ibrahim, and he said, " Abdur -Rahman bin Yazid told me, 'I 
was with Ibn Mas^ud, when he did the Rami of the 
Jamrat-ul-Aqaba. He went down the middle of the valley, and 
when he came near the tree (which was near the Jamra) he stood 
opposite to it and threw seven small pebbles and said: 

' Allahu-Akbar ' on throwing every pebble. ' Then he said, 'By 
Him, except Whom none has the right to be worshipped, here (at 
this place) stood the one on whom Surat-al-Baqra was revealed 

(i.e. Allah's Apostle) . ' " 
2.807: 

Narrated Salim: 

Ibn *Umar used to do Rami of the Jamrat-ud-Dunya (the Jamra 
near to the Khaif mosque) with seven small stones and used to 
recite Takbir on throwing every pebble. He then would go ahead 
till he reached the level ground where he would stand facing 
the Qibla for a long time to invoke (Allah) while raising his 
hands (while invoking) . Then he would do Rami of the 



Jamrat-ul-Wusta (middle Jamra) and then he would go to the 

left towards the middle ground, where he would stand facing 

the Qibla . He would remain standing there for a long period to 

invoke (Allah) while raising his hands, and would stand there 

for a long period. Then he would do Rami of the 

Jamrat-ul-Aqaba from the middle of the valley, but he would 

not stay by it, and then he would leave and say, "I saw the 

Prophet doing like this. " 

2.808: 

Narrated Salim bin "Abdullah: "Abdullah bin "Umar used to do 

Rami of the Jamrat-ud-Dunya with seven small pebbles and used 

to recite Takbir on throwing each stone. He, then, would 

proceed further till he reached the level ground, where he 

would stay for a long time, facing the Qibla to invoke (Allah) 

while raising his hands. Then he would do Rami of the 

Jamrat-ul-Wusta similarly and would go to the left towards the 

level ground, where he would stand for a long time facing the 

Qibla to invoke (Allah) while raising his hands. Then he would 

do Rami of the Jamrat-ul-Aqaba from the middle of the valley, 

but he would not stay by it. Ibn "Umar used to say, "I saw 

Allah's Apostle doing like that. " 

2.809: 

Narrated " Abdur -Rahman bin Al-Qasim: I heard my father who was 

the best man of his age, saying, "I heard "Aisha saying, 'I 

perfumed Allah's Apostle with my own hands before finishing 

his Ihram while yet he has not performed Tawaf-al-Ifada. ' She 

spread her hands (while saying so.)" 

2.810: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: The people were ordered to perform the 

Tawaf of the Ka"ba (Tawaf-al-Wada" ) as the lastly thing, 

before leaving (Mecca) , except the menstruating women who were 

excused. 

2.811: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet offered the Zuhr, "Asr, 

Maghrib and the "Isha' prayers and slept for a while at a 

place called Al-Muhassab and then rode to the Ka"ba and 

performed Tawaf round it . 

2.812: 



Narrated " Aisha : 

Safiya bint Huyay, the wife of the Prophet got her menses, and 

Allah's Apostle was informed of that. He said, "Would she 

delay us?" The people said, "She has already performed 

Tawaf-al-Ifada. " He said, "Therefore she will not (delay us) . " 

2.813: 

Narrated "Ikrima: 

The people of Medina asked Ibn " Abbas about a woman who got 

her menses after performing Tawaf-al-Ifada . He said, "She 

could depart (from Mecca) . " They said, "We will not act on 

your verdict and ignore the verdict of Zaid. " Ibn "Abbas said, 

"When you reach Medina, inquire about it . " So, when they 
reached Medina they asked (about that) . One of those whom they 
asked was Urn Sulaim. She told them the narration of Safiya 

(812) . 
2.814: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: A menstruating woman was allowed to leave 
Mecca if she had done Tawaf-al-Ifada. Tawus (a sub-narrator) 
said from his father, "I heard Ibn "Umar saying that she would 
not depart . Then later I heard him saying that the Prophet had 
allowed them (menstruating women) to depart . " 
2.815: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

We set out with the Prophet with the intention of performing 
Hajj only. The Prophet reached Mecca and performed Tawaf of 
the Ka "ba and between Safa and Marwa and did not finish the 
Ihram, because he had the Hadi with him. His companions and 
his wives performed Tawaf (of the Ka "ba and between Safa and 
Marwa) , and those who had no Hadi with them finished their 
Ihram. I got the menses and performed all the ceremonies of 
Hajj. So, when the Night of Hasba (night of departure) came, I 
said, "O Allah's Apostle! All your companions are returning 
with Hajj and "Umra except me. " He asked me, "Didn't you 
perform Tawaf of the Ka"ba (Umra) when you reached Mecca?" I 
said, "No. " He said, "Go to Tan" im with your brother 

" Abdur-Rahman , and assume Ihram for "Umra and I will wait for 
you at such and such a place. " So I went with "Abdur-Rahman to 
Tan" im and assumed Ihram for "Umra. Then Safiya bint Huyay got 



menses. The Prophet said, " 'Aqra Halqa! You will detain us! 
Didn't you perform Tawaf-al-Ifada on the Day of Nahr 

(slaughtering) ?" She said, "Yes, I did." He said, "Then there 
is no harm, depart . " So I met the Prophet when he was 
ascending the heights towards Mecca and I was descending, or 
vice-versa . 
2.816: 

Narrated ^Abdul-Aziz bin Rufai: I asked Anas bin Malik, "Tell 
me something you have observed about the Prophet concerning 
where he offered the Zuhr prayer on the Day of Tarwiya (8th 
Dhul-Hijja)." Anas replied, "He offered it at Mina." I said, 

"Where did he offer the *Asr prayer on the Day of Nafr (day of 
departure from Mina)?" He replied, "At Al-Abtah, " and added, 

"You should do as your leaders do. " 

2.817: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet offered the Zuhr, "Asr, 

Maghrib and x Jsha' prayers and slept for a while at a place 

called Al-Mahassab and then he rode towards the Ka^ba and 

performed Tawaf (al-Wada* ) . 

2.818: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

It (i.e. Al-Abtah) was a place where the Prophet used to camp 

so that it might be easier for him to depart . 

2.819: 

Narrated Ibn s Abbas: Staying at Al-Mahassab is not one of the 

ceremonies (of Hajj), but Al-Mahassab is a place where Allah's 

Apostle camped (during his Hajjat-al-Wida) . 

2.820: 

Narrated Nafi v ; 

Ibn ^Umar used to spend the night at Dhi-Tuwa in between the 

two Thaniyas and then he would enter Mecca through the Thaniya 

which is at the higher region of Mecca, and whenever he came 

to Mecca for Hajj or "Umra, he never made his she camel kneel 

down except near the gate of the Masjid (Sacred Mosque) and 

then he would enter (it) and go to the Black (stone) Corner 

and start from there circumambulating the Ka "ba seven times : 

hastening in the first three rounds (Ramal) and walking in the 

last four. On finishing, he would offer two rak^at prayer and 



set out to perform Tawaf between Safa and Marwa before 
returning to his dwelling place. On returning (to Medina) from 
Hajj or "Umra, he used to make his camel kneel down at 
Al-Batha which is at Dhul-Hulaifa, the place where the Prophet 
used to make his camel kneel down. 
2.821: 

Narrated Khalid bin Al-Harith: 'Ubaidullah was asked about Al 
Mahassab. 'Ubaidullah narrated: Nafi* said, 'Allah's Apostles, 

x Umar and Ibn x Umar camped there . " Nafi x added, "Ibn x Umar 

used to offer the Zuhr and *Asr prayers at it (i.e. 

Al-Mahassab) . " I think he mentioned the Maghrib prayer also. I 

said, "I don't doubt about x Jsha' (i.e. he used to offer it 

there also), and he used to sleep there for a while. He used 

to say, 'The Prophet used to do the same. ' " 

2.822: 

Narrated Ibn ' " Abbas : Dhul-Majaz and "Ukaz were the markets 

of the people during the Pre-Islamic period of ignorance. When 

the people embraced Islam, they disliked to do bargaining 

there till the following Holy Verses were revealed: — There is 

no harm for you If you seek of the bounty Of your Lord (during 

Hajj by trading, etc.) (2.198) 

2.823: 

Narrated ' Aisha: 

Safiya got her menses on the night of Nafr (departure from 

Hajj), and she said, "I see that I will detain you." The 

Prophet said, "Aqra Halqa! Did she perform the Tawaf on the 

Day of Nahr (slaughtering) ? " Somebody replied in the 

affirmative. He said, "Then depart." (Different narrators 

mentioned that) "Aisha said, "We set out with Allah's Apostle 

(from Medina) with the intention of performing Hajj only. When 
we reached Mecca, he ordered us to finish the Ihram. When it 
was the night of Nafr (departure) , Safiya bint Huyay got her 
menses. The Prophet said, "Halqa Aqra! I think that she will 
detain you, " and added, "Did you perform the Tawaf (Al-Ifada) 
on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering) ?" She replied, "Yes. " He 
said, "Then depart. " I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have not 

(done the Umra) . " He replied, "Perform "Umra from Tan % im. " My 
brother went with me and we came across the Prophet in the 



last part of the night . He said, "Wait at such and such a 
place. " 



X 

x 

% 



Volume 3 

Bk. 27: Minor Pilgrammage (Umra) 



3.1: 

Narrated Abu Huralra: Allah's Apostle said, "(The performance 
of) "Umra is an expiation for the sins committed (between it 
and the previous one) . And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one 
accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise. " 
3.2: 

Narrated Ibn Jural j: " Ikrima bin Khalid asked Ibn "Umar about 
performing "Umra before Hajj. Ibn "Umar replied, "There is no 
harm in it." "Ikrima said, "Ibn "Umar also said, 'The Prophet 
had performed " Umra before performing Hajj . ' " 
3.3: 

Narrated "Ikrima bin Khalid: "I asked Ibn "Umar the same (as 
above) . 
3.4: 

Narrated Mujahid: 

Ursa bin Az-Zubair and I entered the Mosque (of the Prophet) 
and saw "Abdullah bin "Umar sitting near the dwelling place of 
Aisha and some people were offering the Duha prayer. We asked 
him about their prayer and he replied that it was a heresy. He 
(Ursa) then asked him how many times the Prophet had performed 
"Umra. He replied, 'Four times; one of them was in the month 
of Rajab. " We disliked to contradict him. Then we heard 
"Aisha, the Mother of faithful believers cleaning her teeth 
with Siwak in the dwelling place. 'Ursa said, "O Mother! O 
Mother of the believers! Don't you hear what Abu "Abdur Rahman 
is saying?" She said, "What does he say?" 'Ursa said, "He says 
that Allah's Apostle performed four "Umra and one of them was 
in the month of Rajab. " "Aisha said, "May Allah be merciful to 
Abu "Abdur Rahman! The Prophet did not perform any "Umra 
except that he was with him, and he never performed any "Umra 
in Rajab. " 



3.5: 

Narrated 'Ursa bin Az-Zubair: I asked "Aisha (whether the 

Prophet had performed "Umra in Rajab) . She replied, "Allah's 

Apostle never performed any "Umra in Rajab. " 

3.6: 

Narrated Qatada: 

I asked Anas how many times the Prophet had performed "Umra. 

He replied, "Four times. 

1. "Umra of Hudaibiya in Dhi-1-Qa'da when the pagans hindered 
him; 

2. "Umra in the following year in Dhi-1-Qa'da after the peace 
treaty with them (the pagans) ; 

3. "Umra from Al-Ja'rana where he distributed the war booty. " 
I think he meant the booty (of the battle) of Hunain. I asked, 

"How many times did he perform Hajj?" He (Anas) replied, 

"Once. " 

3.7: 

Narrated Qatada: 

I asked Anas (about the Prophet's "Umra) and he replied, "The 

Prophet performed "Umra when the pagans made him return, and 

Umra of al-Hudaibiya (the next year), and another "Umra in 

Dhi-1-Qa'da, and another "Umra in combination with his Hajj." 

3.8: 

Narrated Hammam: 

The Prophet performed four "Umra (three) in Dhi-1-Qa'da except 

the (one) "Umra which he performed with his Hajj: His "Umra 

from Al-hudaibiya , and the one of the following year, and the 

one from Al-Jr'rana where he distributed the booty (of the 

battle) of Hunain, and another "Umra with his Hajj. 

3.9: 

Narrated Abu ' Is-haq: I asked Masruq, "Ata' and Mujahid (about 

the "Umra of Allah's Apostle) . They said, "Allah' s Apostle had 

performed "Umra in Dhi-l-Qa' da before he performed Hajj. " I 

heard Al-Bara' bin "Azib saying, "Allah's Apostle had 

performed "Umra in Dhi-l-Qa 'da twice before he performed 

Hajj." 

3.10: 

Narrated At a: 



I heard Ibn " Abbas saying, "Allah's Apostle asked an Ansarl 

woman (Ibn " Abbas named her but "Ata' forgot her name), 'What 

prevented you from performing Hajj with us?' She replied, 'We 

have a camel and the father of so-and-so and his son (I.e. her 

husband and her son) rode It and left one camel for us to use 

for Irrigation. ' He said (to her), 'Perform "Umra when Ramadan 

comes, for "Umra In Ramadan Is equal to Hajj (In reward), ' or 

said something similar. " 

3.11: 

Narrated Alsha: 

We set out along with Allah's Apostle shortly before the 

appearance of the new moon (crescent) of the month of 

Dhl-1-Hljja and he said to us, "Whoever wants to assume Ihram 

for Hajj may do so; and whoever wants to assume Ihram for 

" Umra may do so . Hadn ' t I brought the Hadl (animal for 
sacrificing) (with me), I would have assumed Ihram for "Umra." 

( " Alsha added, ) : So some of us assumed Ihram for " Umra while 
the others for Hajj . I was amongst those who assumed Ihram for 

"Umra. The day of "Arafat approached and I was still 
menstruating . I complained to the Prophet (about that) and he 
said, "Abandon your "Umra, undo and comb your hair, and assume 
Ihram for Hajj; . " When It was the night of Hasba, he sent 

"Abdur Rahman with me to at-Tan" 1m and I assumed Ihram for 

"Umra (and performed It) In lieu of my missed "Umra. 

3.12: 

Narrated "Amr bin Aus : " Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr told me that 

the Prophet had ordered him to let "Alsha ride behind him and 

to make he perform "Umra from at-Tan" 1m. 

3.13: 

Narrated Jablr bin "Abdullah: The Prophet and his companions 

assumed Ihram for Hajj and none except the Prophet and Talha 

had the Hadl with them. "All had come from Yemen and he had 

the Hadl with him. He ("All) said, "I have assumed Ihram with 

an Intention like that of Allah's Apostle has assumed It." The 

Prophet ordered his companions to Intend the Ihram with which 

they had come for "Umra, to perform the Tawaf of the Ka"ba 

(and between Safa and Marwa) , to get their hair cut short and 
then to finish their Ihram with the exception of those who had 



the Hadi with them. They asked, "Shall we go to Mina and the 
private organs of some of us are dribbling (if we finish Ihram 
and have sexual relations with our wives) ?" The Prophet heard 
that and said, "Had I known what I know now, I would not have 
brought the Hadi. If I did not have the Hadi with me I would 
have finished my Ihram. " "Aisha got her menses and performed 
all the ceremonies (of Hajj) except the Tawaf . So when she 
became clean from her menses, and she had performed the Tawaf 
of the Ka"ba, she said, "O Allah's Apostle! You (people) are 
returning with both Hajj and "Umra and I am returning only 
with Hajj!" So, he ordered "Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr to go 
with her to at-Tan" im. Thus she performed "Umra after the Hajj 
in the month of Dhi-1-Hijja. Suraqa bin Malik bin Ju'sham met 
the Prophet at Al-"Aqaba (Jamrat-ul 'Aqaba) while the latter 
was stoning it and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Is this 
permissible only for you?" The Prophet replied, "No, it is for 
ever (i.e. it is permissible for all Muslims to perform "Umra 
before Hajj. " 
3.14: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

We set out with Allah's Apostle shortly before the appearance 
of the new moon of Dhi-1-Hijja and he said, "Whoever wants to 
assume Ihram for "Umra may do so, and whoever wants to assume 
Ihram for Hajj may do so. Had not I brought the Hadi with me, 
I would have assumed Ihram for "Umra. " Some of the people 
assumed Ihram for "Umra while others for Hajj. I was amongst 
those who had assumed Ihram for "Umra. I got my menses before 
entering Mecca, and was menstruating till the day of "Arafat . 
I complained to Allah's Apostle about it, he said, "Abandon 
your "Umra, undo and comb your hair, and assume Ihram for 
Hajj. " So, I did that accordingly. When it was the night of 
Hasba (day of departure from Mina) , the Prophet sent "Abdur 
Rahman with me to at-Tan" im. The sub-narrator adds: He 
("Abdur -Rahman) let her ride behind him. And she assumed Ihram 
for "Umra in lieu of the abandoned one. Aisha completed her 
Hajj and "Umra, and no Hadi, Sadaqa (charity) , or fasting was 
obligatory for her. 
3.15: 



Narrated Al-Aswad: That ^Aisha said, "O Allah's Apostle! The 
people are returning after performing the two Nusuks (i.e. 
Hajj and % Umra) but I am returning with one only?" He said, 

"Wait till you become clean from your menses and then go to 

at-Tan" im, assume Ihram (and after performing "Umra) join us 

at such-and-such a place. But it (i.e. the reward if "Umra) is 

according to your expenses or the hardship (which you will 

undergo while performing it) . 

3.16: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

We set out assuming the Ihram for Hajj in the months of Hajj 

towards the sacred precincts of Hajj. We dismounted at Sarif 

and the Prophet said to his companions, "Whoever has not got 

the Hadi with him and likes to make it as "Umra, he should do 

it, but he who has got the Hadi with him should not do it. " 

The Prophet and some of his wealthy companions had the Hadi 

with them, so they did not finish Ihram after performing the 

"Umra. The Prophet came to me while I was weeping. He asked me 
the reason for it . I replied, "I have heard of what you have 
said to your companions and I cannot do the "Umra. " He asked 
me, "What is the matter with you?" I replied, "I am not 
praying. " He said, "There is no harm in it as you are one of 
the daughters of Adam and the same is written for you as for 
others. So, you should perform Hajj and I hope that Allah will 
enable you to perform the " Umra as well . " So, I carried on 
till we departed from Mina and halted at Al-Mahassab. The 
Prophet called " Abdur-Rahman and said, "Go out of the 
sanctuary with your sister and let her assume Ihram for "Umra, 
and after both of you have finished the Tawaf I will be 
waiting for you at this place. " We came back at midnight and 
the Prophet asked us, "Have you finished?" I replied in the 
affirmative. He announced the departure and the people set out 
for the journey and some of them had performed the Tawaf of 
the Ka "ba before the morning prayer, and after that the 
Prophet set out for Medina . 
3.17: 
Narrated Safwan bin Ya" la bin Umaiya from his father who said: 

"A man came to the Prophet while he was at Ji'rana. The man 



was wearing a cloak which had traces of Khaluq or Sufra (a 
kind of perfume) . The man asked (the Prophet ), 'What do you 
order me to perform in my "Umra?' So, Allah inspired the 
Prophet divinely and he was screened by a place of cloth. I 
wished to see the Prophet being divinely inspired. "Umar said 
to me, 'Come! Will you be pleased to look at the Prophet while 
Allah is inspiring him?' I replied in the affirmative. "Umar 
lifted one corner of the cloth and I looked at the Prophet who 
was snoring. (The sub-narrator thought that he said: The 
snoring was like that of a camel) . When that state was over, 
the Prophet asked, "Where is the questioner who asked about 
"Umra? Put off your cloak and wash away the traces of Khaluq 
from your body and clean the Sufra (yellow color) and perform 
in your Umra what you perform in your Hajj (i.e. the Tawaf 
round the Ka"ba and the Sa" i between Safa and Marwa) . " 
3.18: 

Narrated Hisham Ibn "Urwa from his father who said: While I 
was a youngster, I asked "Aisha the wife of the Prophet . "What 
about the meaning of the Statement of Allah; "Verily! (the 
mountains) As-Safa and Al Marwa, are among the symbols of 
Allah. So, it is not harmful if those who perform Hajj or 
"Umra of the House (Ka"ba at Mecca) to perform the going 
(Tawaf) between them? (2.158) I understand (from that) that 
there is no harm if somebody does not perform the Tawaf 
between them. " "Aisha replied, "No, for if it were as you are 
saying, then the recitation would have been like this: 'It is 
not harmful not to perform Tawaf between them. ' This verse was 
revealed in connection with the Ansar who used to assume the 
Ihram for the idol Manat which was put beside a place called 
Qudaid and those people thought it not right to perform the 
Tawaf of As-Safa and Al-Marwa. When Islam came, they asked 
Allah's Apostle about that, and Allah revealed: — "Verily! 
(the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwa Are among the symbols of 
Allah. So, it is not harmful of those who perform Hajj or 
"Umra of the House (Ka"ba at Mecca) to perform the going 
(Tawaf) between them." (2.158) Sufyan and Abu Muawiya added 
from Hisham (from "Aisha) : "The Hajj or "Umra of the person 
who does not perform the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa and 



Al-Marwa is incomplete in Allah's sight. 

3.19: 

Na rra ted Isma " il: 

" Abdullah bin Abu "Aufa said: "Allah's Apostle performed "Umra 
and we too performed "Umra along with him. When he entered 
Mecca he performed the Tawaf (of Ka "ba) and we too performed 
it along with him, and then he came to the As-Safa and 
Al-Marwa (i.e. performed the Sai) and we also came to them 
along with him. We were shielding him from the people of Mecca 
lest they may hit him with an arrow. " A friend of his asked 
him (i.e. "Abdullah bin "Aufa) , "Did the Prophet enter the 
Ka"ba (during that "Umra)?" He replied in the negative. Then 
he said, "What did he (the Prophet ) say about Khadija?" He 

(Abdullah bin "Aufa) said, "(He said) 'Give Khadija the good 
tidings that she will have a palace made of Qasab in Paradise 
and there will be neither noise nor any trouble in it. " 
3.20: 

Narrated "Amr bin Dinar: We asked Ibn "Umar whether a man who 
had performed the Tawaf of the Ka"ba but had not performed the 
Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwa yet, was permitted to have 
sexual relation with his wife. He replied, "The Prophet 
arrived (at Mecca) and circumambulated the Ka "ba seven times 
and then offered a two rak" at prayer behind Maqam-lbrahim and 
then performed the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa 

(seven times) (and verily, in Allah's Apostle you have a good 
example. " And we asked Jabir bin "Abdullah (the same question) 
and he replied, "He should not go near her till he has 
finished the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa. " 
3.21: 

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash" ari : I came to the Prophet at 
Al-Batha ' while his camel was kneeling down and he asked me, 

"Have you intended to perform the Hajj?" I replied in the 
affirmative. He asked me, 'With what intention have you 
assumed Ihram?" I replied, "I have assumed Ihram with the same 
intention as that of the Prophet . He said, "You have done 
well. Perform the Tawaf of the Ka"ba and (the Sai) between 
As-Safa and Al-Marwa and then finish the Ihram. " So, I 
performed the Tawaf around the Ka"ba and the Sai) between 



As-Safa and Al-Marwa and then went to a woman of the tribe of 
Qais who cleaned my head from lice. Later I assumed the Ihram 
for Hajj. I used to give the verdict of doing the same till 
the caliphate of "Umar who said, "If you follow the Holy Book 
then it orders you to remain in the state of Ihram till you 
finish from Hajj, if you follow the Prophet then he did not 
finish his Ihram till the Hadi (sacrifice) had reached its 
place of slaughtering (Hajj-al-Qiran) . 
3.22: 

Narrated Al-Aswad: "Abdullah the slave of Asma bint Abu Bakr, 
told me that he used to hear Asma' , whenever she passed by 
Al-Hajun, saying, "May Allah bless His Apostle Muhammad. Once 
we dismounted here with him, and at that time we were 
traveling with light luggage; we had a few riding animals and 
a little food ration. I, my sister, "Aisha, Az-Zubair and such 
and such persons performed "Umra, and when we had passed our 
hands over the Ka"ba (i.e. performed Tawaf round the Ka"ba and 
between As-Safa and Al-Marwa) we finished our Ihram. Later on 
we assumed Ihram for Hajj the same evening. " 
3.23: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Whenever Allah's Apostle 
returned from a Ghazwa, Hajj or "Umra, he used to say Takbir 
thrice at every elevation of the ground and then would say, 

"None has the right to be worshipped but Allah; He is One and 
has no partner. All the kingdoms is for Him, and all the 
praises are for Him, and He is Omnipotent . We are returning 
with repentance, worshipping, prostrating, and praising our 
Lord. He has kept up His promise and made His slave 
victorious, and He Alone defeated all the clans of 

(non-believers ) . 

3.24: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: When the Prophet arrived at Mecca, some 

boys of the tribe of Bani "Abdul Muttalib went to receive him, 

and the Prophet made one of them ride in front of him and the 

other behind him. 

3.25: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Whenever Allah's Apostle left for Mecca, 

he used to pray in the mosque of Ash-Shajra, and when he 



returned (to Medina) , he used to pray in the middle of the 

valley of Dhul-Hulaifa and used to pass the night there till 

morning. 

3.26: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet never returned to his family from a journey at 

night . He used to return either in the morning or in the 

afternoon . 

3.27: 

Narrated Jabir: 

The Prophet forbade going to one's family at night (on arrival 

from a journey) . 

3.28: 

Narrated Humaid: 

Anas said, "Whenever Allah's Apostle returned from a journey, 

he, on seeing the high places of Medina, would make his 

she-camel proceed faster; and if it were another animal, even 

then he used to make it proceed faster. " Narrated Humaid that 

the Prophet used to make it proceed faster out of his love for 

Medina . 

3.29: 

Narrated Anas: 

As above, but mentioned "the walls of Medina" instead of "the 

high places of Medina. Al-Harith bin "Umar agrees with Anas. 

3.30: 

Narrated Abu ' Is-haq: I heard Al-Bara' saying, "The above 

Verse was revealed regarding us, for the Ansar on returning 

from Hajj never entered their houses through the proper doors 

but from behind. One of the Ansar came and entered through the 

door and he was taunted for it . Therefore, the following was 

revealed: — "It is not righteousness That you enter the 

houses from the back, But the righteous man is He who fears 

Allah, Obeys His order and keeps away from What He has 

forbidden So, enter houses through the proper doors." (2.189) 

3.31: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Traveling is a kind 

of torture as it prevents one from eating, drinking and 

sleeping properly. So, when one's needs are fulfilled, one 



should return quickly to one's family." 
3.32: 

Narrated Zald bin Aslam from his father: I was with Ibn "Umar 
on the way to Mecca, and he got the news that Saflya bint Abu 
Ubald was seriously 111 . So, he hastened his pace, and when 
the twilight disappeared, he dismounted and offered the 
Maghrib and "Isha' prayers together. Then he said, "I saw that 
whenever the Prophet had to hasten when traveling, he would 
delay the Maghrib prayer and join them together (I.e. offer 
the Maghrib and the " Isha prayers together) . 

Bk. 28: Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the 
Pilgrimmage 

3.33: 

Narrated Nafl " : 

When "Abdullah bin "Umar set out for Mecca Intending to 

perform Umra, at the time of afflictions, he said, "If I 

should be prevented from reaching the Ka"ba, then I would do 

the same as Allah's Apostle did, so I assume the lhram for 

Umra as Allah's Apostle assumed the lhram for Umra In the year 

of Hudalblya. " 

3.34: 

Narrated Nafl " : 

That Ubaldullah bin " Abdullah and Sallm bin " Abdullah Informed 

him that they told Ibn "Umar when Ibn Az-Zubalr was attacked 

by the army, saying "There Is no harm for you If you did not 

perform Hajj this year. We are afraid that you may be 

prevented from reaching the Ka"ba. " Ibn "Umar said "We set out 

with Allah's Apostle and the non-believers of Quralsh 

prevented us from reaching the Ka"ba, and so the Prophet 

slaughtered his Hadl and got his head shaved. " Ibn "Umar 

added, "I make you witnesses that I have made "Umra obligatory 

for me. And, Allah willing, I will go and then If the way to 

Ka "ba Is clear, I will perform the Tawaf, but If I am 

prevented from going to the Ka "ba then I will do the same as 



the Prophet did while I was in his company. " Ibn "Umar then 
assumed Ihram for Umra from Dhul-Hulaifa and proceeded for a 
while and said, "The conditions of "Umra and Hajj are similar 
and I make you witnesses that I have made "Umra and Hajj 
obligatory for myself. " So, he did not finish the Ihram till 
the day of Nahr (slaughtering) came, and he slaughtered his 
Hadi. He used to say, "I will not finish the Ihram till I 
perform the Tawaf, one Tawaf on the day of entering Mecca 

(i.e. of Safa and Marwa for both "Umra and Hajj). 

3.35: 

Narrated Nafi " : 

Some of the sons of "Abdullah told him (i.e. "Abdullah) if he 

had stayed (and not performed Hajj that year) . 

3.36: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: Allah's Apostle was prevented from 

performing ("Umra) Therefore, he shaved his head and had 

sexual relations with his wives and slaughtered his Hadi and 

performed Umra in the following year. 

3.37: 

Narrated Salim: 

(Abdullah) bin "Umar used to say, "Is not (the following of) 

the tradition of Allah's Apostle sufficient for you? If anyone 

of you is prevented from performing Hajj, he should perform 

the Tawaf of the Ka "ba and between As-Safa and Al-Marwa and 

then finish the Ihram and everything will become legal for him 

which was illegal for him (during the state of Ihram) and he 

can perform Hajj in a following year and he should slaughter a 

Hadi or fast in case he cannot afford the Hadi . " 

3.38: 

Narrated Al-Miswar: Allah's Apostle slaughtered (the Hadi) 

before he had his head shaved and then he ordered his 

Companions to do the same. 

3.39: 

Narrated Nafi " : 

That "Abdullah and Salim said to "Abdullah bin "Umar, "(You 

should not go for Hajj this year) . " "Abdullah bin "Umar 

replied, "We set out with the Prophet (to Mecca for performing 

"Umra) and e infidels of Quraish prevented us from reaching 



the Ka^ba. Allah's Apostle slaughtered his Budn (camels for 

sacrifice) and got his head shaved. " 

3.40: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

When ^Abdullah bin "Umar set out for Mecca with the intentions 

performing "Umra in the period of afflictions r he said, "If I 

should be prevented from reaching the Ka *ba, then I would do 

the same as we did while in the company of Allah ' s Apostle . " 

So, he assumed the Ihram for ^Umra since the Prophet had 

assumed the Ihram for ^Umra in the year of Al-Hudaibiya . Then 

^Abdullah bin "Umar thought about it and said, "The conditions 
for both Hajj and "Umra are similar. " He then turned towards 
his companions and said, "The conditions of both Hajj and 

% Umra are similar and I make you witnesses that I have made 
the performance of Hajj obligatory for myself along with 

"Umra. " He then performed one Tawaf (between As-Safa and 
Al-Marwa) for both of them (i.e. Hajj and (^Umra) and 
considered that to be sufficient for him and offered a Hadi . 
3.41: 

Narrated * Abdur -Rahman bin Abu Layla: Ka^b bin 'Ujra said that 
Allah's Apostle said to him (Ka^b) , "Perhaps your lice have 
troubled you?" Ka"b replied, "Yes! O Allah's Apostle." Allah's 
Apostle said, "Have your head shaved and then either fast 
three days or feed six poor persons or slaughter one sheep as 
a sacrifice. " 
3.42: 

Narrated Ka^b bin "Umra: Allah's Apostle stood beside me at 
Al-Hudaibiya and the lice were falling from my head in great 
number. He asked me, "Have your lice troubled you?" I replied 
in the affirmative. He ordered me to get my head shaved. Ka*b 
added, "This Holy Verse: — 'And if any of you is ill, or has 
ailment in his scalp (2.196) , etc. was revealed regarding me. 

"The Prophet then ordered me either to fast three days, or to 

feed six poor persons with one Faraq (three Sas) (of dates) , 

or to slaughter a sheep, etc. (sacrifice) whatever was 

available . 

3.43: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Ma'qal: I sat with Ka"b bin 'Ujra and 



asked him about the Fidya. He replied, "This revelation was 
revealed concerning my case especially, but it is also for you 
in general. I was carried to Allah's Apostle and the lice were 
falling in great number on my face. The Prophet said, "I have 
never thought that your ailment (or struggle) has reached to 
such an extent as I see. Can you afford a sheep?" I replied in 
the negative. He then said, "Fast for three days, or feed six 
poor persons each with half a Sa of food. " (1 Sa = 3 Kilograms 
approx . ) 
3.44: 

Narrated " Abdur -Rahman bin Abu Layla : (Reporting the speech of 
Ka"b bin Umra) Allah's Apostle saw him (i.e. Ka^b) while the 
lice were falling on his face. He asked (him), "Have your lice 
troubled you?" He replied in the affirmative. So, he ordered 
him to get his head shaved while he was at Al-Hudaibiya . At 
that time they were not permitted to finish their Ihram, and 
were still hoping to enter Mecca. So, Allah revealed the 
verses of Al-Fidya. Allah's Apostle ordered him to feed six 
poor persons with one Faraq of food or to slaughter one sheep 
(as a sacrifice) or to fast for three days. 
3.45: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever performs 
Hajj to this House (Ka ^ba) and does not approach his wife for 
sexual relations nor commits sins (while performing Hajj) , he 
will come out as sinless as a newly-born child. (Just 
delivered by his mother) . 
3.46: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Whoever performs Hajj 
to this Ka x Jba and does not approach his wife for sexual 
relations nor commit sins (while performing Hajj) , he will 
come out as sinless as a newborn child, (just delivered by his 
mother) . 

Bk. 29: Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimmage 



Narrated x Abdullah bin Abu Qatada: My father set out (for 
Mecca) In the year of Al-Hudalblya , and his companions assumed 
Ihram, but he did not . At that time the Prophet was Informed 
that an enemy wanted to attack him, so the Prophet proceeded 
onwards. While my father was among his companions, some of 
them laughed among themselves. (My father said), "I looked up 
and saw an onager. I attacked, stabbed and caught It. I then 
sought my companions' help but they refused to help me. 

(Later) we all ate Its meat . We were afraid that we might be 
left behind (separated) from the Prophet so I went In search 
of the Prophet and made my horse to run at a galloping speed 
at times and let It go slow at an ordinary speed at other 
times till I met a man from the tribe of Banl Ghlfar at 
midnight. I asked him, "Where did you leave the Prophet ?" He 
replied, "I left him at Ta 'hun and he had the Intention of 
having the midday rest at As-Suqya. I followed the trace and 
joined the Prophet and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Your people 

(companions) send you their compliments , and (ask for) Allah ' s 
Blessings upon you. They are afraid lest they may be left 
behind; so please wait for them. ' I added, 'O Allah's Apostle! 
I hunted an onager and some of Its meat Is with me. The 
Prophet told the people to eat It though all of them were In 
the state of Ihram. " 
3.48: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin Abu Qatada: That his father said "We 
proceeded with the Prophet In the year of Al-Hudalblya and his 
companions assumed Ihram but I did not . We were Informed that 
some enemies were at Ghalqa and so we went on towards them. My 
companions saw an onager and some of them started laughing 
among themselves. I looked and saw It. I chased It with my 
horse and stabbed and caught It . I wanted some help from my 
companions but they refused. (I slaughtered It all alone) . We 
all ate from It (I.e. Its meat). Then I followed Allah's 
Apostle lest we should be left behind. At times I urged my 
horse to run at a galloping speed and at other times at an 
ordinary slow speed. On the way I met a man from the tribe of 
Banl Ghlfar at midnight. I asked him where he had left Allah's 
Apostle . The man replied that he had left the Prophet at a 



place called Ta 'hun and he had the intention of having the 
midday rest at As-Suqya. So, I followed Allah's Apostle till I 
reached him and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have been sent by 
my companions who send you their greetings and compliments and 
ask for Allah's Mercy and Blessings upon you. They were afraid 
lest the enemy might intervene between you and them; so please 
wait for them. " So he did. Then I said, "O Allah's Apostle! We 
have hunted an onager and have some of it (i.e. its meat) left 
over. " Allah's Apostle told his companions to eat the meat 
although all of them were in a state of Ihram. " 
3.49: 

Narrated Abu Qatada: We were in the company of the Prophet at 
a place called Al-Qaha (which is at a distance of three stages 
of journey from Medina) . Abu Qatada narrated through another 
group of narrators: We were in the company of the Prophet at a 
place called Al-Qaha and some of us had assumed Ihram while 
the others had not . I noticed that some of my companions were 
watching something, so I looked up and saw an onager. (I rode 
my horse and took the spear and whip) but my whip fell down 

(and I asked them to pick it up for me) but they said, "We 
will not help you by any means as we are in a state of Ihram. " 
So, I picked up the whip myself and attacked the onager from 
behind a hillock and slaughtered it and brought it to my 
companions. Some of them said, "Eat it." While some others 
said, "Do not eat it. " So, I went to the Prophet who was ahead 
of us and asked him about it, He replied, "Eat it as it is 
Halal (i.e. it is legal to eat it). 
3.50: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abu Qatada: That his father had told 
him that Allah's Apostle set out for Hajj and so did his 
companions. He sent a batch of his companions by another route 
and Abu Qatada was one of them. The Prophet said to them, 

"Proceed along the seashore till we meet all together . " So, 
they took the route of the seashore, and when they started all 
of them assumed Ihram except Abu Qatada. While they were 
proceeding on, his companions saw a group of onagers. Abu 
Qatada chased the onagers and attacked and wounded a 
she-onager. They got down and ate some of its meat and said to 



each other: "How do we eat the meat of the game while we are 

in a state of Ihram?" So, we (they) carried the rest of the 

she-onager's meat, and when they met Allah's Apostle they 

asked, saying, "O Allah's Apostle! We assumed Ihram with the 

exception of Abu Qatada and we saw (a group) of onagers. Abu 

Qatada attacked them and wounded a she-onager from them. Then 

we got down and ate from its meat. Later, we said, (to each 

other) , 'How do we eat the meat of the game and we are in a 

state of Ihram?' So, we carried the rest of its meat. The 

Prophet asked, "Did anyone of you order Abu Qatada to attack 

it or point at it?" They replied in the negative. He said, 

"Then eat what is left of its meat . " 

3.51: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Abbas: From As-Sa'b bin Jath-thama 

Al-Laithi that the latter presented an onager to Allah's 

Apostle while he was at Al-Abwa ' or at Waddan, and he refused 

it . On noticing the signs of some unpleasant feeling of 

disappointment on his (As-Sab' s) face, the Prophet said to 

him, "I have only returned it because I am Muhrim. " 

3.52: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "It is not 

sinful of a Muhrim to kill five kinds of animals. " 

3.53: 

One of the wives of the Prophet narrated: The Prophet said, "A 

Muhrim can kill (five kinds of animals.)" 

3.54: 

Narrated Hafsa: 

Allah's Apostle said, "It is not sinful (of a Muhrim) to kill 

five kinds of animals, namely: the crow, the kite, the mouse, 

the scorpion and the rabid dog. " 

3.55: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Allah's Apostle said, "Five kinds of animals are harmful and 

could be killed in the Haram (Sanctuary) . These are: the crow, 

the kite, the scorpion, the mouse and the rabid dog. " 

3.56: 

Narrated "Abdullah: While we were in the company of the 

Prophet in a cave at Mina, when Surat-wal-Mursalat were 



revealed and he recited it and I heard it (directly) from his 
mouth as soon as he recited its revelation. Suddenly a snake 
sprang at us and the Prophet said (ordered us) : "Kill it . " We 
ran to kill it but it escaped quickly. The Prophet said, "It 
has escaped your evil and you too have escaped its evil . " 
3.57: 

Narrated ^Aisha the wife of the Prophet: Allah's Apostle 
called the salamander a bad animal, but I did not hear him 
ordering it to be killed. " 
3.58: 

Narrated Sa^id bin Abu Sa^id Al-Maqburi : Abu Shuraih, 
Al-^Adawi said that he had said to ^Amr bin Sa^id when he was 
sending the troops to Mecca (to fight " Abdullah bin 
Az-Zubair) , "O Chief! Allow me to tell you what Allah's 
Apostle said on the day following the Conquest of Mecca. My 
ears heard that and my heart understood it thoroughly and I 
saw with my own eyes the Prophet when he, after Glorifying and 
Praising Allah, started saying, 'Allah, not the people, made 
Mecca a sanctuary, so anybody who has belief in Allah and the 
Last Day should neither shed blood in it, nor should he cut 
down its trees. If anybody tells (argues) that fighting in it 
is permissible on the basis that Allah's Apostle did fight in 
Mecca, say to him, 'Allah allowed His Apostle and did not 
allow you. ' "Allah allowed me only for a few hours on that day 
(of the conquest) and today its sanctity is valid as it was 
before. So, those who are present should inform those who are 
absent (concerning this fact . " Abu Shuraih was asked, "What 
did *Amr reply?" He said, (*Amr said) 'O Abu Shuraih! I know 
better than you in this respect Mecca does not give protection 
to a sinner, a murderer or a thief. " 
3.59: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: "The Prophet said, 'Allah has made Mecca, 
a sanctuary, so it was a sanctuary before me and will continue 
to be a sanctuary after me. It was made legal for me (i.e. I 
was allowed to fight in it) for a few hours of a day. It is 
not allowed to uproot its shrubs or to cut its trees, or to 
chase (or disturb) its game, or to pick up its luqata (fallen 
things) except by a person who would announce that (what he 



has found) publicly. ' Al-^ Abbas said, 'O Allah's Apostle! 
Except Al-Idhkhlr (a kind of grass) (for it is used) by our 
goldsmiths and for our graves. ' The Prophet then said, 'Except 
Al-Idhkhlr. ' " x Ikrlma said, 'Do you know what "chasing or 
disturbing" the game means? It means driving it out of the 
shade to occupy its place. " 
3.60: 

Narrated Ibn s Abbas: On the day of the conquest of Mecca, the 
Prophet said, "There is no more emigration (from Mecca) but 
Jihad and intentions, and whenever you are called for Jihad, 
you should go immediately . No doubt, Allah has made this place 

(Mecca) a sanctuary since the creation of the heavens and the 
earth and will remain a sanctuary till the Day of Resurrection 
as Allah has ordained its sanctity . Fighting was not 
permissible in it for anyone before me, and even for me it was 
allowed only for a portion of a day. So, it is a sanctuary 
with Allah's sanctity till the Day of Resurrection. Its thorns 
should not be uprooted and its game should not be chased; and 
its luqata (fallen things) should not be picked up except by 
one who would announce that publicly, and its vegetation 

(grass etc.) should not be cut. " A1-* Abbas said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! Except Al-Idhkhir, (for it is used by their 
blacksmiths and for their domestic purposes) . " So, the Prophet 
said, "Except Al-Idhkhir. " 
3.61: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Allah's Apostle was cupped while he was 
in a state of Ihram. 
3.62: 

Narrated Ibn Buhaina: The Prophet, while in the state of 
Ihram, was cupped at the middle of his head at Liha-Jamal. 
3.63: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet married Maimuna while he was 
in the state of Ihram, (only the ceremonies of marriage were 
held) . 
3.64: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: A person stood up and asked, "O 
Allah's: Apostle! What clothes may be worn in the state of 
Ihram?" The Prophet replied, "Do not wear a shirt or trousers, 



or any headgear (e.g. a turban), or a hooded cloak; but if 

somebody has no shoes he can wear leather stockings provided 

they are cut short off the ankles, and also, do not wear 

anything perfumed with Wars or saffron, and the Muhrima (a 

woman in the state of Ihram) should not cover her face, or 

wear gloves. " 

3.65: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: A man was crushed to death by his 

she-camel and was brought to Allah's Apostle who said, "Give 

him a bath and shroud him, but do not cover his head, and do 

not bring any perfume near to him, as he will be resurrected 

reciting Talbiya. " 

3.66: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Hunain: "Abdullah bin Al-Abbas and 

Al-Miswar bin Makhrama differed at Al-Abwa'; Ibn "Abbas said 

that a Muhrim could wash his head; while Al-Miswar maintained 

that he should not do so. "Abdullah bin "Abbas sent me to Abu 

Aiyub Al-Ansari and I found him bathing between the two wooden 

posts (of the well) and was screened with a sheet of cloth. I 

greeted him and he asked who I was. I replied, "I am "Abdullah 

bin Hunain and I have been sent to you by Ibn "Abbas to ask 

you how Allah's Apostle used to wash his head while in the 

state of lhram. " Abu Aiyub Al-Ansari caught hold of the sheet 

of cloth and lowered it till his head appeared before me, and 

then told somebody to pour water on his head. He poured water 

on his head, and he (Abu Aiyub) rubbed his head with his hands 

by bringing them from back to front and from front to back and 

said, "I saw the Prophet doing like this. " 

3.67: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: I heard the Prophet delivering a sermon 

at "Arafat saying, "If a Muhrim does not find slippers, he 

could wear Khuffs (socks made from thick fabric or leather, 

but he has to cut short the Khuffs below the ankles) , and if 

he does not find an Izar (a waist sheet for wrapping the lower 

half of the body) he could wear trousers . " 

3.68: 

Narrated "Abdullah: Allah's Apostle was asked what sort of 

clothes a Muhrim should wear. He replied, "He should not wear 



a shirt, turbans, trousers, a hooded cloak, or a dress 
perfumed with saffron or Wars; and If slippers are not 
available he can wear Khuffs (socks made from thick fabric or 
leather) but he should cut them so that they reach below the 
ankles . 
3.69: 

Narrated Ibn N Abbas: The Prophet delivered a sermon at N Arafat 
and said, "Whoever does not get an Izar can wear trousers, and 
whoever cannot get a pair of shoes can wear Khuffs (socks made 
from thick fabric or leather) . " 
3.70: 

Narrated Al-Bara: 

The Prophet assumed Ihram for Umra In the month of Dhul-Qa 'da 
but the (pagan) people of Mecca refused to admit him Into 
Mecca till he agreed on the condition that he would not bring 
Into Mecca any arms but sheathed. 
3.71: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet fixed Dhul-Hulalfa as the 
Mlqat (the place for assuming Ihram) for the people of Medina, 
and Qaran-al-Manazll for the people of Najd, and Yalamlam for 
the people of Yemen . These Mawaqlt are for those people and 
also for those who come through these Mawaqlt (from places 
other than the above-mentioned) with the Intention of 
(performing) Hajj and Umra. And those living Inside these 
Mawaqlt can assume Ihram from the place where they start; even 
the people of Mecca can assume Ihram from Mecca. 
3.72: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle entered Mecca In the 
year of Its Conquest wearing an Arabian helmet on his head and 
when the Prophet took It off, a person came and said, "Ibn 
Khatal Is holding the covering of the Ka x Jba (taking refuge In 
the Ka*ba)." The Prophet said, "Kill him." 
3.73: 

Narrated Ya'll: 

While I was with Allah's Apostle there came to him a man 
wearing a cloak having a trace of yellowish perfume or a 
similar thing on It. "Umar used to say to me, "Would you like 
to see the Prophet at the time when he Is Inspired divinely?" 



So, it happened that he was inspired (then) and when the 

inspiration was over the Prophet said (to that man) , "Do in 

your " Umra the same as you do in your Hajj . " A man bit the 

hand of another man but in that process the latter broke one 

incisor tooth of the former, and the Prophet forgave the 

latter. 

3.74: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: While a man was standing with the Prophet 

at * Arafat, he fell from his Mount and his neck was crushed by 

it . The Prophet said, "Wash the deceased with water and Sidr 

and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him 

nor cover his head, for Allah will resurrect him on the Day of 

Resurrection and he will be reciting Talbiya." 

3.75: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: While a man was standing with the Prophet 

at "Arafat, he fell from his Mount and his neck was crushed by 

it . The Prophet said, "Wash the deceased with water and Sidr 

and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him 

nor cover his head, for Allah will resurrect him on the Day of 

Resurrection and he will be reciting Talbiya. " 

3.76: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: A man was in the company of the Prophet 

and his she-camel crushed his neck while he was in a state of 

Ihram and he died Allah ' s Apostle said, "Wash him with water 

and Sidr and shroud him in his two garments; neither perfume 

him nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day 

of Resurrection, reciting Talbiya. " 

3.77: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: A woman from the tribe of Juhaina came to 

the Prophet and said, "My mother had vowed to perform Hajj but 

she died before performing it. May I perform Hajj on my 

mother's behalf?" The Prophet replied, "Perform Hajj on her 

behalf . Had there been a debt on your mother, would you have 

paid it or not? So, pay Allah's debt as He has more right to 

be paid. " 

3.78: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: A woman from the tribe of Khath'am came 

in the year (of ,Hajjat-al-Wada" of the Prophet ) and said, "O 



Allah's Apostle! My father has come under Allah's obligation 
of performing Hajj but he is a very old man and cannot sit 
properly on his Mount . Will the obligation be fulfilled if I 
perform Hajj on his behalf?" The Prophet replied in the 
affirmative . 
3.79: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin " Abbas: Al-Fadl was riding behind the 
Prophet and a woman from the tribe of Khath'am came up. 
Al-Fadl started looking at her and she looked at him. The 
Prophet turned Al-Fadl 's face to the other side. She said, "My 
father has come under Allah's obligation of performing Hajj 
but he is a very old man and cannot sit properly on his Mount. 
Shall I perform Hajj on his behalf? The Prophet replied in the 
affirmative. That happened during Hajjat-al-Wada" of the 
Prophet . 
3.80: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas : The Prophet sent me (to Mina) with the 
luggage from Jam' (i.e. Al-Muzdalifa) at night. 
3.81: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin " Abbas: I came riding on my she-ass and 
had (just) then attained the age of puberty. Allah's Apostle 
was praying at Mina . I passed in front of a part of the first 
row and then dismounted from it, and the animal started 
grazing. I aligned with the people behind Allah's Apostle (The 
sub-narrator added that happened in Mina during the Prophet ' s 
Hajjat-al-Wada\) 
3.82: 

Narrated As-Sa ' ib bin Yazid: (While in the company of my 
parents) I was made to perform Hajj with Allah's Apostle and I 
was a seven-year-old boy then. (Fath-ul-Bari , p. 443, Vol.4) 
3.83: 

Narrated Al-Ju'aid bin s Abdur-Rahman : I heard "Umar bin "Abdul 
"Aziz telling about As-Sa ' ib bin Yazid that he had performed 
Hajj (while carried) with the belongings of the Prophet . 
3.84: 

Narrated Aisha (mother of the faithful believers) : I said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! Shouldn't we participate in Holy battles and 
Jihad along with you?" He replied, "The best and the most 



superior Jihad (for women) is Hajj which is accepted by 

Allah. " "Aisha added: Ever since I heard that from Allah's 

Apostle I have determined not to miss Hajj. 

3.85: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: The Prophet said, "A woman should not 

travel except with a Dhu-Mahram (her husband or a man with 

whom that woman cannot marry at all according to the Islamic 

Jurisprudence) , and no man may visit her except in the 

presence of a Dhu-Mahram. " A man got up and said, "O Allah's 

Apostle! I intend to go to such and such an army and my wife 

wants to perform Hajj. " The Prophet said (to him) , "Go along 

with her (to Hajj) . 

3.86: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: When the Prophet returned after 

performing his Hajj, he asked Um Sinan Al-Ansari, "What did 

forbid you to perform Hajj?" She replied, "Father of so-and-so 

(i.e. her husband) had two camels and he performed Hajj on one 

of them, and the second is used for the irrigation of our 

land." The Prophet said (to her), "Perform "Umra in the month 

of Ramadan, (as it is equivalent to Hajj or Hajj with me (in 

reward) . 

3.87: 

Narrated Qaza'a, the slave of Ziyad: Abu Sa* id who 

participated in twelve Ghazawat with the Prophet said, "I 

heard four things from Allah ' s Apostle (or I narrate them from 

the Prophet ) which won my admiration and appreciation. They 

are: -1 . "No lady should travel without her husband or without 

a Dhu-Mahram for a two-days' journey. -2. No fasting is 

permissible on two days of x Id-ul-Fitr, and ^Id-al-Adha. -3. 

No prayer (may be offered) after two prayers: after the "Asr 

prayer till the sun set and after the morning prayer till the 

sun rises. -4. Not to travel (for visiting) except for three 

mosques: Masjid-al-Haram (in Mecca), my Mosque (in Medina), 

and Masjid-al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem) . 

3.88: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet saw an old man walking, supported by his two sons, 

and asked about him. The people informed him that he had vowed 



to go on foot (to the Ka"ba) . He said, "Allah is not in need 

of this old man's torturing himself, " and ordered him to ride. 

3.89: 

Narrated ^Uqba bin 'Amir: My sister vowed to go on foot to the 

Ka "ha, and she asked me to take the verdict of the Prophet 

about it. So, I did and the Prophet said, "She should walk and 

also should ride. " 

3.90: 

Narrated Abul-Khair from "Uqba as above. 

Bk. 30: Virtues of Madinah 






3.91: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Medina is a sanctuary from that place to 

that. Its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be 

innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever 

innovates in it an heresy or commits sins (bad deeds) , then he 

will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the 

people." (See Hadith No. 409, Vol 9). 

3.92: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet came to Medina and ordered a mosque to be built 

and said, "0 Bani Najjar! Suggest to me the price (of your 

land) . " They said, "We do not want its price except from 

Allah" (i.e. they wished for a reward from Allah for giving up 

their land freely) . So, the Prophet ordered the graves of the 

pagans to be dug out and the land to be leveled, and the 

date-palm trees to be cut down. The cut date-palms were fixed 

in the direction of the Qibla of the mosque. 

3.93: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "I have made Medina a 

sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains . " The Prophet 

went to the tribe of Bani Haritha and said (to them) , "I see 

that you have gone out of the sanctuary, " but looking around, 

he added, "No, you are inside the sanctuary. " 



3.94: 

Narrated "All : 

We have nothing except the Book of Allah and this written 
paper from the Prophet (wherein is written:) Medina is a 
sanctuary from the 'Air Mountain to such and such a place, and 
whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or gives 
shelter to such an innovator in it will incur the curse of 
Allah, the angels, and all the people, none of his compulsory 
or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted. And the 
asylum (of protection) granted by any Muslim is to be secured 
(respected) by all the other Muslims; and whoever betrays a 
Muslim in this respect incurs the curse of Allah, the angels, 
and all the people, and none of his compulsory or optional 
good deeds of worship will be accepted, and whoever (freed 
slave) befriends (take as masters) other than his manumitters 
without their permission incurs the curse of Allah, the 
angels, and all the people, and none of his compulsory or 
optional good deeds of worship will be accepted. 
3.95: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "I was ordered to 
migrate to a town which will swallow (conquer) other towns and 
is called Yathrib and that is Medina, and it turns out (bad) 
persons as a furnace removes the impurities of iron. 
3.96: 

Narrated Abu Humaid: We came with the Prophet from Tabuk, and 
when we reached near Medina, the Prophet said, "This is 
Tabah. " 
3.97: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: If I saw deers grazing in Medina, I 
would not chase them, for Allah's Apostle said, " (Medina) is a 
sanctuary between its two mountains . " 
3.98: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "The 
people will leave Medina in spite of the best state it will 
have, and none except the wild birds and the beasts of prey 
will live in it, and the last persons who will die will be two 
shepherds from the tribe of Muzaina, who will be driving their 
sheep towards Medina, but will find nobody in it, and when 



they reach the valley of Thaniyat-al-Wada\ they will fall 
down on their faces dead. " 
3.99: 

Narrated Abu Zuhair: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Yemen 
will be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) 
and will urge their families, and those who will obey them to 
migrate (to Yemen) although Medina will be better for them; if 
they but knew. Sham will also be conquered and some people 
will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families and 
those who will obey them, to migrate (to Sham) although Medina 
will be better for them; if they but knew. 'Iraq will be 
conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will 
urge their families and those who will obey them to migrate 
(to 'Iraq) although Medina will be better for them; if they 
but knew. " 
3.100: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Verily, Belief 
returns and goes back to Medina as a snake returns and goes 
back to its hole (when in danger) . 
3.101: 

Narrated Sa d: 

I heard the Prophet saying, "None plots against the people of 
Medina but that he will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt 
is dissolved in water. " 
3.102: 

Narrated Usama: 

Once the Prophet stood at the top of a (looked out from upon 
one) castle amongst the castles (or the high buildings) of 
Medina and said, "Do you see what I see? (No doubt) I see the 
spots where afflictions will take place among your houses (and 
these afflictions will be) as numerous as the spots where 
raindrops fall . " 
3.103: 

Narrated Abu Bakra: The Prophet said, "The terror caused by 
Al-Masih Ad-Da jjal will not enter Medina and at that time 
Medina will have seven gates and there will be two angels at 
each gate guarding them. " 
3.104: 



Narrated Abu Huralra: Allah's Apostle said, "There are angels 

guarding the entrances (or roads) of Medina, neither plague 

nor Ad-Da jjal will be able to enter it . " 

3.105: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "There will be no 

town which Ad-Dajjal will not enter except Mecca and Medina, 

and there will be no entrance (road) (of both Mecca and 

Medina) but the angels will be standing in rows guarding it 

against him, and then Medina will shake with its inhabitants 

thrice (i.e. three earthquakes will take place) and Allah will 

expel all the non-believers and the hypocrites from it . " 

3.106: 

Narrated Abu Sa" id Al-Khudri: Allah's Apostle told us a long 

narrative about Ad-Dajjal, and among the many things he 

mentioned, was his saying, "Ad-Dajjal will come and it will be 

forbidden for him to pass through the entrances of Medina. He 

will land in some of the salty barren areas (outside) Medina; 

on that day the best man or one of the best men will come up 

to him and say, 'I testify that you are the same Da jjal whose 

description was given to us by Allah's Apostle . ' Ad-Dajjal 

will say to the people, 'If I kill this man and bring him back 

to life again, will you doubt my claim?' They will say, 'No. ' 

Then Ad-Dajjal will kill that man and bring him back to life. 

That man will say, 'Now I know your reality better than 

before. ' Ad-Dajjal will say, 'I want to kill him but I 

cannot . ' " 

3.107: 

Narrated Jabir: 

A bedouin came to the Prophet and gave a pledge of allegiance 

for embracing Islam. The next day he came with fever and said 

(to the Prophet ) , "Please cancel my pledge (of embracing 

Islam and of emigrating to Medina) . " The Prophet refused (that 

request) three times and said, "Medina is like a furnace, it 

expels out the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good 

ones and makes them perfect . " 

3.108: 

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: When the Prophet went out for (the 

battle of) Uhud, some of his companions (hypocrites) returned 



(home) . A party of the believers remarked that they would kill 
those (hypocrites) who had returned, but another party said 
that they would not kill them. So, this Divine Inspiration was 
revealed: "Then what is the matter with you that you are 
divided into two parties concerning the hypocrites." (4.88) 
The Prophet said, "Medina expels the bad persons from it, as 
fire expels the impurities of iron. " 
3.109: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "O Allah! Bestow on Medina twice the 
blessings You bestowed on Mecca. " 
3.110: 

Narrated Anas: 

Whenever the Prophet returned from a journey and observed the 
walls of Medina, he would make his Mount go fast, and if he 
was on an animal (i.e. a horse), he would make it gallop 
because of his love for Medina. 
3.111: 

Narrated Anas: 

(The people of) Bani Salama intended to shift near the mosque 
(of the Prophet) but Allah's Apostle disliked to see Medina 
vacated and said, "O the people of Bani Salama! Don't you 
think that you will be rewarded for your footsteps which you 
take towards the mosque?" So, they stayed at their old places. 
3.112: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "There is a garden 
from the gardens of Paradise between my house and my pulpit, 
and my pulpit is on my Lake Fount (Al-Kauthar) . 
3.113: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

When Allah's Apostle reached Medina, Abu Bakr and Bilal became 
ill. When Abu Bakr's fever got worse, he would recite (this 
poetic verse) : "Everybody is staying alive with his People, 
yet Death is nearer to him than His shoe laces. " And Bilal, 
when his fever deserted him, would recite: "Would that I could 
stay overnight in A valley wherein I would be Surrounded by 
Idhkhir and Jalil (kinds of good-smelling grass) . Would that 
one day I could Drink the water of the Majanna, and Would that 



(The two mountains) Shama and Tafil would appear to me!" The 
Prophet said, "O Allah! Curse Shaiba bin Rabija and "Utba bin 
Rabija and Umaiya bin Khalaf as they turned us out of our land 
to the land of epidemics. " Allah's Apostle then said, "O 
Allah! Make us love Medina as we love Mecca or even more than 
that. O Allah! Give blessings in our Sa and our Mudd (measures 
symbolizing food) and make the climate of Medina suitable for 
us, and divert its fever towards Aljuhfa. " Aisha added: When 
we reached Medina, it was the most unhealthy of Allah's lands, 
and the valley of Bathan (the valley of Medina) used to flow 
with impure colored water. 
3.114: 

Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father: ^Umar said, O Allah! 
Grant me martyrdom in Your cause, and let my death be in the 
city of Your Apostle. " 



Bk. 31: Fasting 






3.115: 

Narrated Talha bin 'Ubaidullah: A bedouin with unkempt hair 
came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Inform 
me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards the 
prayers. " He replied: "You have to offer perfectly the five 
compulsory prayers in a day and night (24 hours) , unless you 
want to pray Nawafil. " The bedouin further asked, "Inform me 
what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards fasting. " He 
replied, "You have to fast during the whole month of Ramadan, 
unless you want to fast more as Nawafil . " The bedouin further 
asked, "Tell me how much Zakat Allah has enjoined on me. " 
Thus, Allah's Apostle informed him about all the rules (i.e. 
fundamentals) of Islam. The bedouin then said, "By Him Who has 
honored you, I will neither perform any Nawafil nor will I 
decrease what Allah has enjoined on me. Allah's Apostle said, 
"If he is saying the truth, he will succeed (or he will be 
granted Paradise) . 
3.116: 



Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet observed the fast on the 10th 
of Muharram ( 'Ashura) , and ordered (Muslims) to fast on that 
day, but when the fasting of the month of Ramadan was 
prescribed, the fasting of the 'Ashura ' was abandoned. 

"Abdullah did not use to fast on that day unless it coincided 

with his routine fasting by chance. 

3.117: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

(The tribe of) Quraish used to fast on the day of Ashura ' in 
the Pre-Islamic period, and then Allah's Apostle ordered 

(Muslims) to fast on it till the fasting in the month of 
Ramadan was prescribed; whereupon the Prophet said, "He who 
wants to fast (on 'Ashura ' ) may fast, and he who does not want 
to fast may not fast . " 
3.118: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Fasting is a 
shield (or a screen or a shelter) . So, the person observing 
fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should 
not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights 
with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, 'I am 
fasting. " The Prophet added, "By Him in Whose Hands my soul 
is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is 
better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah 
says about the fasting person) , 'He has left his food, drink 
and desires for My sake. The fast is for Me. So I will reward 

(the fasting person) for it and the reward of good deeds is 
multiplied ten times. " 
3.119: 

Narrated Abu Wail from Hudhaifa: *Umar asked the people, "Who 
remembers the narration of the Prophet about the affliction?" 
Hudhaifa said, "I heard the Prophet saying, 'The affliction of 
a person in his property, family and neighbors is expiated by 
his prayers, fasting, and giving in charity. " *Umar said, "I 
do not ask about that, but I ask about those afflictions which 
will spread like the waves of the sea. " Hudhaifa replied, 

"There is a closed gate in front of those afflictions. " ^Umar 
asked, "Will that gate be opened or broken?" He replied, "It 
will be broken. " ^Umar said, "Then the gate will not be closed 



again till the Day of Resurrection . " We said to Masruq, "Would 
you ask Hudhaifa whether ^Umar knew what that gate 
symbolized?" He asked him and he replied "He ("Umar) knew it 
as one knows that there will be night before tomorrow, 
morning. 
3.120: 

Narrated Sahl: 

The Prophet said, "There is a gate in Paradise called 
Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it 
on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter 
through it. It will be said, 'Where are those who used to 
observe fasts?' They will get up, and none except them will 
enter through it. After their entry the gate will be closed 
and nobody will enter through it . " 
3.121: 

'Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever gives 
two kinds (of things or property) in charity for Allah's 
Cause, will be called from the gates of Paradise and will be 
addressed, 'O slaves of Allah! Here is prosperity. ' So, 
whoever was amongst the people who used to offer their 
prayers, will be called from the gate of the prayer; and 
whoever was amongst the people who used to participate in 
Jihad, will be called from the gate of Jihad; and whoever was 
amongst those who used to observe fasts, will be called from 
the gate of Ar-Raiyan; whoever was amongst those who used to 
give in charity, will be called from the gate of charity. " Abu 
Bakr said, "Let my parents be sacrificed for you, O Allah's 
Apostle! No distress or need will befall him who will be 
called from those gates. Will there be any one who will be 
called from all these gates?" The Prophet replied, "Yes, and I 
hope you will be one of them. " 
3.122: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "When Ramadan 
begins, the gates of Paradise are opened. " 
3.123: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "When the month of 
Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the 
gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained. " 



3.124: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "When you 

see the crescent (of the month of Ramadan) , start fasting, and 

when you see the crescent (of the month of Shawwal) , stop 

fasting; and if the sky is overcast (and you can 't see it) 

then regard the month of Ramadan as of 30 days. " 

3.125: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Whoever established 

prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping 

for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be 

forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of 

sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all 

his previous sins will be forgiven. " 

3.126: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet was the most generous amongst 

the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan 

when Gabriel visited him, and Gabriel used to meet him on 

every night of Ramadan till the end of the month. The Prophet 

used to recite the Holy Qur'an to Gabriel, and when Gabriel 

met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind (which 

causes rain and welfare) . 

3.127: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Whoever does not give 

up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his 

leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his 

fasting. ) " 

3.128: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'All 

the deeds of Adam's sons (people) are for them, except fasting 

which is for Me, and I will give the reward for it . ' Fasting 

is a shield or protection from the fire and from committing 

sins. If one of you is fasting, he should avoid sexual 

relation with his wife and quarreling, and if somebody should 

fight or quarrel with him, he should say, 'I am fasting. ' By 

Him in Whose Hands my soul is ' The unpleasant smell coming out 

from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of 

Allah than the smell of musk. There are two pleasures for the 

fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the 



other at the time when he will meet his Lord; then he will be 

pleased because of his fasting. " 

3.129: 

Narrated 'Alqama: While I was walking with x Abdullah he said, 

"We were in the company of the Prophet and he said, 'He who 
can afford to marry should marry, because it will help him 
refrain from looking at other women, and save his private 
parts from committing illegal sexual relation; and he who 
cannot afford to marry is advised to fast, as fasting will 
diminish his sexual power. " 
3.130: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle mentioned 
Ramadan and said, "Do not fast unless you see the crescent (of 
Ramadan) , and do not give up fasting till you see the crescent 

(of Shawwal) , but if the sky is overcast (if you cannot see 

it), then act on estimation (i.e. count Sha'ban as 30 days). 

3.131: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "The month 

(can be) 29 nights (i.e. days), and do not fast till you see 

the moon, and if the sky is overcast , then complete Sha 'ban as 

thirty days. " 

3.132: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet said, "The month is like this 

and this, " (at the same time he showed the fingers of both his 

hands thrice) and left out one thumb on the third time. 

3.133: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet or Abul-Qasim said, "Start 

fasting on seeing the crescent (of Ramadan) , and give up 

fasting on seeing the crescent (of Shawwal) , and if the sky is 

overcast (and you cannot see it) , complete thirty days of 

Sha 'ban . " 

3.134: 

Narrated Um Salama: The Prophet vowed to keep aloof from his 

wives for a period of one month, and after the completion of 

29 days he went either in the morning or in the afternoon to 

his wives. Someone said to him "You vowed that you would not 

go to your wives for one month. " He replied, "The month is of 

29 days. " 



3.135: 

Narrated Anas: 

Allah's Apostle vowed to keep aloof from his wives for one 
month, and he had dislocation of his leg. So, he stayed in a 
Mashruba for 29 nights and then came down. Some people said, 
"O Allah's Apostle! You vowed to stay aloof for one month, " He 
replied, "The month is of 29 days. " 
3.136: 

Narrated Abu Bakra: The Prophet said, "The two months of x Id 
i.e. Ramadan and Dhul-Hijja, do not decrease (in superiority) . 
3.137: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet said, "We are an illiterate 
nation; we neither write, nor know accounts . The month is like 
this and this, i.e. sometimes of 29 days and sometimes of 
thirty days. " 
3.138: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "None of you should 
fast a day or two before the month of Ramadan unless he has 
the habit of fasting (Nawafil) (and if his fasting coincides 
with that day) then he can fast that day. " 
3.139: 

Narrated Al-Bara: 

It was the custom among the companions of Muhammad that if any 
of them was fasting and the food was presented (for breaking 
his fast) , but he slept before eating, he would not eat that 
night and the following day till sunset . Qais bin 
Sirma-al-Ansari was fasting and came to his wife at the time 
of If tar (breaking one's fast) and asked her whether she had 
anything to eat . She replied, "No, but I would go and bring 
some for you. " He used to do hard work during the day, so he 
was overwhelmed by sleep and slept . When his wife came and saw 
him, she said, "Disappointment for you. " When it was midday on 
the following day, he fainted and the Prophet was informed 
about the whole matter and the following verses were revealed: 
"You are permitted To go to your wives (for sexual relation) 
At the night of fasting. " So, they were overjoyed by it. And 
then Allah also revealed: "And eat and drink Until the white 
thread Of dawn appears to you Distinct from the black thread 



(of the night) ." (2.187) 

3.140: 

Narrated "Adi bin Hatim: When the above verses were revealed: 

'Until the white thread appears to you, distinct from the 
black thread, ' I took two (hair) strings, one black and the 
other white, and kept them under my pillow and went on looking 
at them throughout the night but could not make anything out 
of it. So, the next morning I went to Allah's Apostle and told 
him the whole story. He explained to me, "That verse means the 
darkness of the night and the whiteness of the dawn. " 
3.141: 

Narrated Sahl bin Saud: When the following verses were 
revealed: 'Eat and drink until the white thread appears to 
you, distinct from the black thread ' and of dawn was not 
revealed, some people who intended to fast, tied black and 
white threads to their legs and went on eating till they 
differentiated between the two. Allah then revealed the words, 

'of dawn', and it became clear that meant night and day. 
3.142: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Bilal used to pronounce the Adhan at night, so Allah ' s 
Apostle? said, "Carry on taking your meals (eat and drink) 
till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces the Adhan, for he does not 
pronounce it till it is dawn. 
3.143: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa^d: I used to take my Suhur meals with my 
family and then hurry up for presenting myself for the (Fajr) 
prayer with Allah's Apostle. 
3.144: 

Narrated Anas: 

Zaid bin Thabit said, "We took the Suhur with the Prophet . 
Then he stood for the prayer. " I asked, "What was the interval 
between the Suhur and the Adhan?" He replied, "The interval 
was sufficient to recite fifty verses of the Qur'an." 
3.145: 

Narrated " Abdullah: The Prophet fasted for days continuously; 
the people also did the same but it was difficult for them. 
So, the Prophet forbade them (to fast continuously for more 



than one day) . They slid, "But you fast without break (no food 

was taken in the evening or in the morning) . " The Prophet 

replied, "I am not like you, for I am provided with food and 

drink (by Allah) . 

3.146: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet said, "Take Suhur as 

there is a blessing in it . " 

3.147: 

Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa* : Once the Prophet ordered a 

person on 'Ashura ' (the tenth of Muharram) to announce , 

"Whoever has eaten, should not eat any more, but fast, and who 

has not eaten should not eat, but complete his fast (till the 

end of the day) . 

3.148: 

Narrated ^Aisha and Um Salama: At times Allah's Apostle used 

to get up in the morning in the state of Janaba after having 

sexual relations with his wives. He would then take a bath and 

fast. 

3.149: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet used to kiss and embrace (his wives) while he was 

fasting, and he had more power to control his desires than any 

of you. Said Jabir, "The person who gets discharge after 

casting a look (on his wife) should complete his fast. " 

3.150: 

Narrated Hi sham ' s father: Aisha said, "Allah's Apostle used to 

kiss some of his wives while he was fasting, " and then she 

smiled. 

3.151: 

Narrated Zainab: 

(daughter of Um Salama) that her mother said, "While I was 

(lying) with Allah's Apostle underneath a woolen sheet, I got 
the menstruation, and then slipped away and put on the clothes 

(which I used to wear) in menses. He asked, "What is the 
matter? Did you get your menses?" I replied in the affirmative 
and then entered underneath that woolen sheet. I and Allah's 
Apostle used to take a bath from one water pot and he used to 
kiss me while he was fasting. " 



3.152: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

(At times) in Ramadan the Prophet used to take a bath in the 
morning not because of a wet dream and would continue his 
fast. 
3.153: 
Narrated Abu Bakr bin N Abdur-Rahman : My father and I went to 

^Aisha and she said, "I testify that Allah's Apostle at times 
used to get up in the morning in a state of Janaba from sexual 
intercourse, not from a wet dream and then he would fast that 
day. " Then he went to Urn Salama and she also narrated a 
similar thing. 
3.154: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "If somebody eats or 
drinks forgetfully then he should complete his fast, for what 
he has eaten or drunk, has been given to him by Allah. " 
Narrated 'Amir bin Rabija, "I saw the Prophet cleaning his 
teeth with Siwak while he was fasting so many times as I can 't 
count . " And narrated Abu Huraira, "The Prophet said, 'But for 
my fear that it would be hard for my followers, I would have 
ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak on every 
performance of ablution. " The same is narrated by Jabir and 
Zaid bin Khalid from the Prophet who did not differentiate 
between a fasting and a nonfasting person in this respect 

(using Siwak). Aisha said, "The Prophet said, "It (i.e. Siwak) 
is a purification for the mouth and it is a way of seeking 
Allah's pleasures. " Ata' and Qatada said, "There is no harm in 
swallowing the resultant saliva. " 
3.155: 

Narrated Humran: 

I saw ^Uthman performing ablution; he washed his hands thrice, 
rinsed his mouth and then washed his nose, by putting water in 
it and then blowing it out, and washed his face thrice, and 
then washed his right forearm up to the elbow thrice, and then 
the left-forearm up to the elbow thrice, then smeared his head 
with water, washed his right foot thrice, and then his left 
foot thrice and said, "I saw Allah's Apostle performing 
ablution similar to my present ablution, and then he said, 



'Whoever performs ablution like my present ablution and then 
offers two rak" at in which he does not think of worldly 
things, all his previous sins will be forgiven. " 
3.156: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 
A man came to the Prophet and said that he had been burnt 

(ruined) . The Prophet asked him what was the matter. He 
replied, "I had sexual intercourse with my wife in Ramadan 

(while I was fasting) . " Then a basket full of dates was 
brought to the Prophet and he asked, "Where is the burnt 

(ruined) man?" He replied, "I am present." The Prophet told 
him to give that basket in charity (as expiation) . 
3.157: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: While we were sitting with the Prophet a 
man came and said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have been ruined. " 
Allah's Apostle asked what was the matter with him. He replied 

"I had sexual intercourse with my wife while I was fasting. " 
Allah's Apostle asked him, "Can you afford to manumit a 
slave?" He replied in the negative. Allah's Apostle asked him, 

"Can you fast for two successive months?" He replied in the 
negative. The Prophet asked him, "Can you afford to feed sixty 
poor persons?" He replied in the negative. The Prophet kept 
silent and while we were in that state, a big basket full of 
dates was brought to the Prophet . He asked, "Where is the 
questioner?" He replied, "I (am here)." The Prophet said (to 
him), "Take this (basket of dates) and give it in charity. " 
The man said, "Should I give it to a person poorer than I? By 
Allah; there is no family between its (i.e. Medina's) two 
mountains who are poorer than I. " The Prophet smiled till his 
premolar teeth became visible and then said, 'Feed your family 
with it . " 
3.158: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: A man came to the Prophet and said, "I 
had sexual intercourse with my wife on Ramadan (while 
fasting) . " The Prophet asked him, "Can you afford to manumit a 
slave?" He replied in the negative. The Prophet asked him, 

"Can you fast for two successive months?" He replied in the 
negative . He asked him, "Can you afford to feed sixty poor 



persons?" He replied in the negative . (Abu Huraira added) : 

Then a basket full of dates was brought to the Prophet and he 

said (to that man) , "Feed (poor people) with this by way of 

atonement . " He said, " (Should I feed it) to poorer people than 

we? There is no poorer house than ours between its (Medina ' s) 

mountains. " The Prophet said, "Then feed your family with it. " 

3.159: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: The Prophet was cupped while he was in 

the state of lhram, and also while he was observing a fast . 

3.160: 

Narrated Ibn s Abbas: The Prophet was cupped while he was 

fasting. 

3.161: 

Narrated Thabit Al-Bunani: Anas bin Malik was asked whether 

they disliked the cupping for a fasting person. He replied in 

the negative and said, "Only if it causes weakness . " 

3.162: 

Narrated Ibn Abi ^Aufa: We were in the company of Allah's 

Apostle on a journey. He said to a man, "Get down and mix 

Sawiq (powdered barley) with water for me. " The man said, "The 

sun (has not set yet), O Allah's Apostle." The Prophet again 

said to him, "Get down and mix Sawiq with water for me. " The 

man again said, "O Allah's Apostle! The sun!" The Prophet said 

to him (for the third time) "Get down and mix Sawiq with water 

for me. " The man dismounted and mixed Sawiq with water for 

him. The Prophet drank it and then beckoned with his hand 

(towards the East) and said, "When you see the night falling 

from this side, then a fasting person should break his fast . " 

3.163: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Hamza bin *Amr Al-Aslami said, "O Allah's Apostle! I fast 

continuously . " 

3.164: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) Hamza bin "Amr Al-Aslami asked the 
Prophet, "Should I fast while traveling?" The Prophet replied, 

"You may fast if you wish, and you may not fast if you wish. " 
3.165: 



Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Allah's Apostle set out for Mecca In 

Ramadan and he fasted, and when he reached Al-Kadid, he broke 

his fast and the people (with him) broke their fast too. (Abu 

^Abdullah said, "Al-Kadid is a land covered with water between 

Us fan and Qudaid. ") 

3.166: 

Narrated Abu Ad-Darda: We set out with Allah's Apostle on one 

of his journeys on a very hot day, and it was so hot that one 

had to put his hand over his head because of the severity of 

heat. None of us was fasting except the Prophet and Ibn 

Rawaha . 

3.167: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: Allah's Apostle was on a journey 

and saw a crowd of people, and a man was being shaded (by 

them) . He asked, "What is the matter?" They said, "He (the 

man) is fasting. " The Prophet said, "It is not righteousness 

that you fast on a journey. " 

3.168: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: We used to travel with the Prophet 

and neither did the fasting persons criticize those who were 

not fasting, nor did those who were not fasting criticize the 

fasting ones. 

3.169: 

Narrated Tawus: 

Ibn " Abbas said, "Allah ' s Apostle set out from Medina to Mecca 

and he fasted till he reached 'Us fan, where he asked for water 

and raised his hand to let the people see him, and then broke 

the fast, and did not fast after that till he reached Mecca, 

and that happened in Ramadan." Ibn s Abbas used to say, 

"Allah' s Apostle (sometimes) fasted and (sometimes) did not 

fast during the journeys so whoever wished to fast could fast, 

and whoever wished not to fast, could do so. " 

3.170: 

Narrated Nafi x ; 

Ibn "Umar recited the verse: "They had a choice either to fast 

or to feed a poor person for every day, and said that the 

order of this Verse was canceled. 

3.171: 



Narrated s Aisha : 

Sometimes I missed some days of Ramadan, but could not fast in 
lieu of them except in the month of Sha'ban. " Said Yahya, a 
sub-narrator, "She used to be busy serving the Prophet . " 
3.172: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: The Prophet said, "Isn't it true that a 
woman does not pray and does not fast on menstruating? And 
that is the defect (a loss) in her religion. " 
3.173: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever died and he ought to have 
fasted (the missed days of Ramadan) then his guardians must 
fast on his behalf. " 
3.174: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: A man came to the Prophet and said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! My mother died and she ought to have fasted 
one month (for her missed Ramadan) . Shall I fast on her 
behalf?" The Prophet replied in the affirmative and said, 
"Allah's debts have more right to be paid. " In another 
narration a woman is reported to have said, "My sister 
died. . . " Narrated Ibn * Abbas: A woman said to the Prophet "My 
mother died and she had vowed to fast but she didn't fast. " In 
another narration Ibn N Abbas is reported to have said, "A 
woman said to the Prophet, "My mother died while she ought to 
have fasted for fifteen days. " 
3.175: 

Narrated ^Umar bin Al-Khattab: Allah's Apostle said, "When 
night falls from this side and the day vanishes from this side 
and the sun sets, then the fasting person should break his 
fast . " 
3.176: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Abi ^Aufa: We were in the company of 
the Prophet on a journey and he was fasting, and when the sun 
set, he addressed somebody, "O so-and-so, get up and mix Sawiq 
with water for us. " He replied, "O Allah's Apostle! (Will you 
wait) till it is evening?" The Prophet said, "Get down and mix 
Sawiq with water for us." He replied, "O Allah's Apostle! (If 
you wait) till it is evening. " The Prophet said again, "Get 



down and mix Sawiq with water for us. " He replied, "It is 
still daytime. " (1) The Prophet said again, "Get down and mix 
Sawiq with water for us. " He got down and mixed Sawiq for 
them. The Prophet drank it and then said, "When you see night 
falling from this side, the fasting person should break his 
fast . " 
3.177: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abi "Aufa: We were traveling with 
Allah's Apostle and he was fasting, and when the sun set, he 
said to (someone) , "Get down and mix Sawiq with water for us. " 
He replied, "O Allah's Apostle! (Will you wait) till it is 
evening?" The Prophet again said, "Get down and mix Sawiq with 
water for us. " He replied, "O Allah's Apostle! It is still 
daytime. " The Prophet said again, "Get down and mix Sawiq with 
water for us. " So, he got down and carried out that order. The 
Prophet then said, "When you see night falling from this side, 
the fasting person should break his fast, " and he beckoned 
with his finger towards the east . 
3.178: 

Narrated Sahl bin Sa"d: Allah's Apostle said, "The people will 
remain on the right path as long as they hasten the breaking 
of the fast . " 
3.179: 

Narrated Ibn Abi "Aufa: I was with the Prophet on a journey, 
and he observed the fast till evening. The Prophet said to a 
man, "Get down and mix Sawiq with water for me. " He replied, 
"Will you wait till it is evening?" The Prophet said, "Get 
down and mix Sawiq with water for me; when you see night 
falling from this side, the fasting person should break his 
fast . " 
3.180: 

Narrated Abu Usama from Hisham bin 'Ursa from Fatima: Asma 
bint Abi Bakr said, "We broke our fast during the lifetime of 
the Prophet on a cloudy day and then the sun appeared. " Hisham 
was asked, "Were they ordered to fast in lieu of that day?" He 
replied, "It had to be made up for. " Ma" mar said, "I heard 
Hisham saying, "I don't know whether they fasted in lieu of 
that day or not . " 



3.181: 

Narrated Ar-Rubi ' bint Mu'awadh: "The Prophet sent a messenger 

to the village of the Ansar in the morning of the day of 

'Ashura' (10th of Muharram) to announce: 'Whoever has eaten 
something should not eat but complete the fast, and whoever is 
observing the fast should complete it. ' "She further said, 

"Since then we used to fast on that day regularly and also 
make our boys fast . We used to make toys of wool for the boys 
and if anyone of them cried for, he was given those toys till 
it was the time of the breaking of the fast . " 
3.182: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "Do not practice Al-Wisal (fasting 
continuously without breaking one's fast in the evening or 
eating before the following dawn) . " The people said to the 
Prophet, "But you practice Al-Wisal?" The Prophet replied, "I 
am not like any of you, for I am given food and drink (by 
Allah) during the night . " 
3.183: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle forbade 
Al-Wisal. The people said (to him), "But you practice it?" He 
said, "I am not like you, for I am given food and drink by 
Allah . " 
3.184: 

'Narrated Abu Sa^id: That he had heard the Prophet saying, "Do 
not fast continuously (practice Al-Wisal), and if you intend 
to lengthen your fast, then carry it on only till the Suhur 

(before the following dawn) . " The people said to him, "But you 
practice (Al-Wisal) , O Allah's Apostle!" He replied, "I am not 
similar to you, for during my sleep I have One Who makes me 
eat and drink. " 
3.185: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Allah's Apostle forbade Al-Wisal out of mercy to them. They 
said to him, "But you practice Al-Wisal?" He said, "I am not 
similar to you, for my Lord gives me food and drink. " 
3.186: 
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle forbade Al-Wisal in 



fasting. So, one of the Muslims said to him, "But you practice 
Al-Wisal. O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet replied, "Who 
amongst you is similar to me? I am given food and drink during 
my sleep by my Lord. " So, when the people refused to stop 
Al-Wisal (fasting continuously) , the Prophet fasted day and 
night continuously along with them for a day and then another 
day and then they saw the crescent moon (of the month of 
Shawwal) . The Prophet said to them (angrily) , "If It (the 
crescent) had not appeared, I would have made you fast for a 
longer period. " That was as a punishment for them when they 
refused to stop (practicing Al-Wisal) . 
3.187: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said twice, " (O you people) 
Be cautious ! Do not practice Al-Wisal. " The people said to 
him, "But you practice Al-Wisal?" The Prophet replied, "My 
Lord gives me food and drink during my sleep. Do that much of 
deeds which is within your ability. " 
3.188: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle said, "Do not 
fast continuously day and night (practice Al-Wisal) and if 
anyone of you intends to fast continuously day and night, he 
should continue till the Suhur time. " They said, "But you 
practice Al-Wisal, O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet said, "I am 
not similar to you; . during my sleep I have One Who makes me 
eat and drink. " 
3.189: 

Narrated Abu Juhaifa: The Prophet made a bond of brotherhood 
between Salman and Abu Ad-Darda. ' Salman paid a visit to Abu 
Ad-Darda ' and found Urn Ad-Darda ' dressed in shabby clothes and 
asked her why she was in that state. She replied, "Your 
brother Abu Ad-Darda ' is not interested in (the luxuries of) 
this world. " In the meantime Abu Ad-Darda ' came and prepared a 
meal for Salman. Salman requested Abu Ad-Darda' to eat (with 
him), but Abu Ad-Darda' said, "I am fasting. " Salman said, "I 
am not going to eat unless you eat . " So, Abu Ad-Darda ' ate 
(with Salman) . When it was night and (a part of the night 
passed) , Abu Ad-Darda ' got up (to offer the night prayer) , but 
Salman told him to sleep and Abu Ad-Darda ' slept . After 



sometime Abu Ad-Darda ' again got up but Salman told him to 

sleep. When it was the last hours of the night, Salman told 

him to get up then, and both of them offered the prayer. 

Salman told Abu Ad-Darda', "Your Lord has a right on you, your 

soul has a right on you, and your family has a right on you; 

so you should give the rights of all those who has a right on 

you. " Abu Ad-Darda' came to the Prophet and narrated the whole 

story. The Prophet said, "Salman has spoken the truth. " 

3.190: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle used to fast till one would say that he would 

never stop fasting, and he would abandon fasting till one 

would say that he would never fast. I never saw Allah's 

Apostle fasting for a whole month except the month of Ramadan, 

and did not see him fasting in any month more than in the 

month of Sha'ban. 

3.191: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet never fasted in any month more than in the month 

of Sha'ban. He used to say, "Do those deeds which you can do 

easily, as Allah will not get tired (of giving rewards) till 

you get bored and tired (of performing religious deeds) . " The 

most beloved prayer to the Prophet was the one that was done 

regularly (throughout the life) even if it were little. And 

whenever the Prophet offered a prayer he used to offer it 

regularly . 

3.192: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet never fasted a full month 

except the month of Ramadan, and he used to fast till one 

could say, "By Allah, he will never stop fasting, " and he 

would abandon fasting till one would say, "By Allah, he will 

never fast . " 

3.193: 

Narrated Anas: 

Allah's Apostle used to leave fasting in a certain month till 

we thought that he would not fast in that month, and he used 

to fast in another month till we thought he would not stop 

fasting at all in that month. And if one wanted to see him 



praying at night, one could see him (in that condition) , and 
if one wanted to see him sleeping at night, one could see him 

(in that condition) too. 

3.194: 

Narrated Humaid: 

I asked Anas about the fasting of the Prophet. He said 

"Whenever I liked to see the Prophet fasting in any month, I 
could see that, and whenever I liked to see him not fasting, I 
could see that too, and if I liked to see him praying in any 
night, I could see that, and if I liked to see him sleeping, I 
could see that, too. " Anas further said, "I never touched silk 
or velvet softer than the hand of Allah's Apostle and never 
smelled musk or perfumed smoke more pleasant than the smell of 
Allah's Apostle. " 
3.195: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Amr bin Al-"As: "Once Allah's Apostle 
came to me, " and then he narrated the whole narration, i.e. 
your guest has a right on you, and your wife has a right on 
you. I then asked about the fasting of David. The Prophet 
replied, "Half of the year, " (i.e. he used to fast on every 
alternate day) . 
3.196: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Amr bin Al-"As: Allah's Apostle said 
to me, "O "Abdullah! Have I not been informed that you fast 
during the day and offer prayers all the night . " "Abdullah 
replied, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet said, "Don't do 
that; fast for few days and then give it up for few days, 
offer prayers and also sleep at night, as your body has a 
right on you, and your wife has a right on you, and your guest 
has a right on you. And it is sufficient for you to fast three 
days in a month, as the reward of a good deed is multiplied 
ten times, so it will be like fasting throughout the year. " I 
insisted (on fasting) and so I was given a hard instruction. I 
said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have power. " The Prophet said, 

"Fast like the fasting of the Prophet David and do not fast 
more than that . " I said, "How was the fasting of the Prophet 
of Allah, David?" He said, "Half of the year, " (i.e. he used 
to fast on every alternate day) . Afterwards when "Abdullah 



became old, he used to say, "It would have been better for me 
If I had accepted the permission of the Prophet (which he gave 
me i.e. to fast only three days a month). 
3.197: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Amr: Allah's Apostle was informed that 
I had taken an oath to fast daily and to pray (every night) 
all the night throughout my life (so Allah's Apostle came to 
me and asked whether it was correct) : I replied, "Let my 
parents be sacrificed for you! I said so. " The Prophet said, 

"You can not do that. So, fast for few days and give it up for 
few days, r ray and sleep. Fast three days a month as the 
reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times and that will be 
equal to one year of fasting. " I replied, "I can do better 
than that . " The Prophet said to me, "Fast one day and give up 
fasting for a day and that is the fasting of Prophet David and 
that is the best fasting. " I said, "I have the power to fast 
better (more) than that . " The Prophet said, "There is no 
better fasting than that. " 
3.198: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Amr: The news of my daily fasting and 
praying every night throughout the night reached the Prophet . 
So he sent for me or I met him, and he said, "I have been 
informed that you fast everyday and pray every night (all the 
night) . Fast (for some days) and give up fasting (for some 
days) ; pray and sleep, for your eyes have a right on you, and 
your body and your family (i.e. wife) have a right on you. " I 
replied, "I have more power than that (fasting) . " The Prophet 
said, "Then fast like the fasts of (the Prophet) David". I 
said, "How?" He replied, "He used to fast on alternate days, 
and he used not to flee on meeting the enemy. " I said, "From 
where can I get that chance?" ("Ata' said, "I do not know how 
the expression of fasting daily throughout the life 
occurred. ") So, the Prophet said, twice, "Whoever fasts daily 
throughout his life is just as the one who does not fast at 
all . " 
3.199: 
Narrated Mujahid from "Abdullah bin "Amr: The Prophet said (to 

"Abdullah) , "Fast three days a month . " "Abdullah said, (to the 



Prophet) "I am able to fast more than that . " They kept on 
arguing on this matter till the Prophet said, "Fast on 
alternate days, and recite the whole Qur'an once a month." 

^Abdullah said, "I can recite more (in a month) , " and the 
argument went on till the Prophet said, "Recite the Qur'an 
once each three days." (i.e. you must not recite the whole 
Qur'an in less than three days). 
3.200: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin *Amr bin Al-^As: The Prophet said to 
me, "You fast daily all the year and pray every night all the 
night?" I replied in the affirmative. The Prophet said, "If 
you keep on doing this, your eyes will become weak and your 
body will get tired. He who fasts all the year is as he who 
did not fast at all . The fasting of three days (a month) will 
be equal to the tasting of the whole year. " I replied, "I have 
the power for more than this. " The Prophet said, "Then fast 
like the fasting of David who used to fast on alternate days 
and would never flee from the battle field, on meeting the 
enemy. 
3.201: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin % Amr: Allah's Apostle was informed 
about my fasts, and he came to me and I spread for him a 
leather cushion stuffed with palm fires, but he sat on the 
ground and the cushion remained between me and him, and then 
he said, "Isn't it sufficient for you to fast three days a 
month?" I replied, "O Allah's Apostle! (I can fast more)." He 
said, "Five?" I replied, "O Allah's Apostle! (I can fast 
more)." He said, "Seven?" I replied, "O Allah's Apostle! (I 
can fast more) . " He said, "Nine (days per month) ?" I replied, 

"O Allah's Apostle! (I can fast more)" He said, "Eleven (days 
per month) ?" And then the Prophet said, "There is no fast 
superior to that of the Prophet David it was for half of the 
year. So, fast on alternate days. " 
3.202: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: My friend (the Prophet ) advised me to 
observe three things: (1) to fast three days a month; (2) to 
pray two rak^at of Duha prayer (forenoon prayer); and (3) to 
pray witr before sleeping. 



3.203: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet paid a visit to Um-Sulaim and she placed before 
him dates and ghee. The Prophet said, "Replace the ghee and 
dates in their respective containers for I am fasting. " Then 
he stood somewhere in her house and offered an optional prayer 
and then he invoked good on Um-Sulaim and her family. Then 
Um-Sulaim said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have a special request 

(today)." He said, "What is it?" She replied, "(Please invoke 
for) your servant Anas. " So Allah's Apostle did not leave 
anything good in the world or the Hereafter which he did not 
invoke (Allah to bestow) on me and said, "O Allah! Give him 

(i.e. Anas) property and children and bless him. " Thus I am 
one of the richest among the Ansar and my daughter Umaina told 
me that when Al-Hajjaj came to Basra, more than 120 of my 
offspring had been buried. 
3.204: 

Narrated Mutarrif from " Imran Ibn Husain: That the Prophet 
asked him (Imran) or asked a man and "Imran was listening, "O 
Abu so-and-so! Have you fasted the last days of this month?" 

(The narrator thought that he said, "the month of Ramadan") . 
The man replied, "No, O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet said to 
him, "When you finish your fasting (of Ramadan) fast two days 

(in Shawwal) . " Through another series of narrators "Imran 

said, "The Prophet said, ' (Have you fasted) the last days of 

Sha'ban?" 

3.205: 

Narrated Muhammad bin "Abbas: I asked Jabir "Did the Prophet 

forbid fasting on Fridays?" He replied, "Yes. " (Other 

narrators added, "If he intends to fast only that day. ") 

3.206: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard the Prophet saying, "None of you 

should fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before or after 

it. " 

3.207: 

Narrated Abu Aiyub from Juwairiya bint Al-Harith: The Prophet 

visited her (Juwairiya) on a Friday and she was fasting. He 

asked her, "Did you fast yesterday?" She said, "No. " He said, 



"Do you intend to fast tomorrow?" She said, "No. " He said, 

"Then break your fast . " Through another series of narrators, 
Abu Aiyub is reported to have said, "He ordered her and she 
broke her fast . " 
3.208: 

Narrated Alqama: 

I asked "Aisha "Did Allah s Apostle, use to choose some 
special days (for fasting) ?" She replied, "No, but he used to 
be regular (constant) (in his service of worshipping) . Who 
amongst you can endure what Allah's Apostle used to endure?" 
3.209: 

Narrated Um Al-Fadl bint Al-Harith: "While the people were 
with me on the day of "Arafat they differed as to whether the 
Prophet was fasting or not; some said that he was fasting 
while others said that he was not fasting. So, I sent to him a 
bowl full of milk while he was riding over his camel and he 
drank it. " 
3.210: 

Narrated Maimuna: 

The people doubted whether the Prophet was fasting on the day 
of "Arafat or not, so I sent milk while he was standing at 

"Arafat, he drank it and the people were looking at him. 

3.211: 

Narrated Abu "Ubaid: (the slave of Ibn Azhar) I witnessed the 

"Id with "Umar bin Al-Khattab who said, Allah's Apostle has 
forbidden people to fast on the day on which you break fasting 

(the fasts of Ramadan) and the day on which you eat the meat 

of your sacrifices (the first day of "Id ul Fitr and "Id 

ul-Adha) . 

3.212: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id: The Prophet forbade the fasting of 

" Id-ul-Fitr and " Id-ul-Adha (two feast days) and also the 
wearing of As-Samma ' (a single garment covering the whole 
body), and sitting with one's leg drawn up while being wrapped 
in one garment . He also forbade the prayers after the Fajr 

(morning) and the "Asr (afternoon) prayers. 

3.213: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Two fasts and two kinds of sale are 



forbidden: fasting on the day of "Id ul Fitr and " Id-ul-Adha 
and the kinds of sale called Mulamasa and Munabadha . (These 
two kinds of sale used to be practiced in the days of 
Pre-Islamic period of ignorance; Mulamasa means when you touch 
something displayed for sale you have to buy it; Munabadha 
means when the seller throws something to you, you have to buy 
it.) 
3.214: 

Narrated Ziyad bin Jubair: A man went to Ibn "Umar I. and 
said, "A man vowed to fast one day (the sub-narrator thinks 
that he said that the day was Monday) , and that day happened 
to be "Id day. " Ibn "Umar said, "Allah orders vows to be 
fulfilled and the Prophet forbade the fasting on this day 

(i.e. Id). 
3.215: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id Al-Khudri : (who fought in twelve Ghazawat 
in the company of the Prophet) . I heard four things from the 
Prophet and they won my admiration. He said; -1 . "No lady 
should travel on a journey of two days except with her husband 
or a Dhi-Mahram; -2. "No fasting is permissible on the two 
days of Id-ul-Fitr and "Id-ul-Adha; -3. "No prayer (may be 
offered) after the morning compulsory prayer until the sun 
rises; and no prayer after the "Asr prayer till the sun sets; 
-4. "One should travel only for visiting three Masjid 

(Mosques) : Masjid-al-Haram (Mecca) , Masjid-al-Aqsa 

(Jerusalem) , and this (my) Mosque (at Medina) . 

3.216: 

Narrated "Aisha and Ibn "Umar: Nobody was allowed to fast on 

the days of Tashriq except those who could not afford the Hadi 

(Sacrifice) . 

3.217: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Fasting for those who perform 

,Hajj-at-Tamattu" (in lieu of the Hadi which they cannot 

afford) may be performed up to the day of "Arafat. And if one 

does not get a Hadi and has not fasted (before the "Id) then 

one should fast of the days of Mina. (11, 12 and 13th of Dhul 

Hajja) . 

3.218: 



Narrated Salim's father: The Prophet said, "Whoever wishes may 

fast on the day of 'Ashura ' . " 

3.219: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle ordered (the Muslims) to fast on the day of 

'Ashura' , and when fasting in the month of Ramadan was 
prescribed, it became optional for one to fast on that day 

( 'Ashura ' ) or not . 
3.220: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Quraish used to fast on the day of 'Ashura ' in the Pre-Islamic 
period, and Allah's Apostle too, used to fast on that day. 
When he came to Medina, he fasted on that day and ordered 
others to fast, too. Later when the fasting of the month of 
Ramadan was prescribed, he gave up fasting on the day of 

'Ashura ' and it became optional for one to fast on it or not . 
3.221: 

Narrated Humaid bin ^Abdur Rahman: That he heard Muawiya bin 
Abi Sufyan on the day of 'Ashura ' during the year he performed 
the Hajj, saying on the pulpit, "O the people of Medina! Where 
are your Religious Scholars? I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 

'This is the day of 'Ashura ' . Allah has not enjoined its 
fasting on you but I am fasting it . You have the choice either 
to fast or not to fast (on this day) . ' " 
3.222: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet came to Medina and saw the 
Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He asked them about that. 
They replied, "This is a good day, the day on which Allah 
rescued Bani Israel from their enemy. So, Moses fasted this 
day. " The Prophet said, "We have more claim over Moses than 
you. " So, the Prophet fasted on that day and ordered (the 
Muslims) to fast (on that day) . 
3.223: 

Narrated Abu Musa: The day of 'Ashura' was considered as v Id 
day by the Jews. So the Prophet ordered, "I recommend you 

(Muslims) to fast on this day. " 
3.224: 
Narrated Ibn " Abbas: I never saw the Prophet seeking to fast 



on a day more (preferable to him) than this day, the day of 
'Ashura' , or this month, i.e. the month of Ramadan. 
3.225: 

Narrated Salama bin Al-Akwa* : The Prophet ordered a man from 
the tribe of Bani Aslam to announce amongst the people that 
whoever had eaten should fast the rest of the day, and whoever 
had not eaten should continue his fast, as that day was the 
day of 'Ashura ' . 

Bk. 32: Praying at Night in Ramadaan (Taraweeh) 

3.226: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying regarding 
Ramadan, "Whoever prayed at night in it (the month of Ramadan) 
out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then 
all his previous sins will be forgiven. " 
3.227: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever prayed at 
night the whole month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith and 
hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins 
will be forgiven." Ibn Shihab (a sub-narrator) said, "Allah's 
Apostle died and the people continued observing that (i.e. 
Nawafil offered individually, not in congregation) , and it 
remained as it was during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and in the 
early days of "Umar's Caliphate." ^Abdur Rahman bin % Abdul 
Qari said, "I went out in the company of ^Urnar bin Al-Khattab 
one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people 
praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man 
praying with a little group behind him. So, ^Urnar said, 'In my 
opinion I would better collect these (people) under the 
leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in 
congregation!) ' . So, he made up his mind to congregate them 
behind Ubai bin Ka"b. Then on another night I went again in 
his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. 
On that, % Umar remarked, 'What an excellent Bid* a (i.e. 
innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do 



not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they 

are offering. ' He meant the prayer in the last part of the 

night . (In those days) people used to pray in the early part 

of the night. " 

3.228: 

Narrated * Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to pray (at 
night) in Ramadan. 
3.229: 

Narrated 'Ursa: 

That he was informed by ^ Aisha, "Allah's Apostle went out in 
the middle of the night and prayed in the mosque and some men 
prayed behind him. In the morning, the people spoke about it 
and then a large number of them gathered and prayed behind him 

(on the second night) . In the next morning the people again 
talked about it and on the third night the mosque was full 
with a large number of people. Allah's Apostle came out and 
the people prayed behind him. On the fourth night the Mosque 
was overwhelmed with people and could not accommodate them, 
but the Prophet came out (only) for the morning prayer. When 
the morning prayer was finished he recited Tashah-hud and 

(addressing the people) said, "Amma ba ' du, your presence was 
not hidden from me but I was afraid lest the night prayer 

(Qiyam) should be enjoined on you and you might not be able to 

carry it on." So, Allah's Apostle died and the situation 

remained like that (i.e. people prayed individually). " 

3.230: 

Narrated Abu Salama bin ^Abdur Rahman: that he asked * Aisha 

"How was the prayer of Allah's Apostle in Ramadan?" She 
replied, "He did not pray more than eleven rak^at in Ramadan 

or in any other month. He used to pray four rak^at let 

alone their beauty and length and then he would pray four 

let alone their beauty and length and then he would 

pray three rak^at (witr) . " She added, "I asked, 'O Allah's 
Apostle! Do you sleep before praying the witr?' He replied, 'O 

" Aisha! My eyes sleep but my heart does not sleep. " 

3.231: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Whoever fasted the 



month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping 
for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be 
forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of 
Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, 
then all his previous sins will be forgiven . " 
3.232: 

Narrated Ibn *Umar: Some men amongst the companions of the 
Prophet were shown in their dreams that the night of Qadr was 
in the last seven nights of Ramadan. Allah's Apostle said, "It 
seems that all your dreams agree that (the Night of Qadr) is 
in the last seven nights, and whoever wants to search for it 

(i.e. the Night of Qadr) should search in the last seven 

(nights of Ramadan) . 

3.233: 

Narrated Abu Salama: I asked Abu Sa^ id, and he was a friend of 

mine, (about the Night of Qadr) and he said, "We practiced 

I^tikaf (seclusion in the mosque) in the middle third of the 

month of Ramadan with the Prophet . In the morning of the 20th 

of Ramadan, the Prophet came and addressed us and said, 'I was 

informed of (the date of the Night of Qadr) but I was caused 

to forget it; so search for it in the odd nights of the last 

ten nights of the month of Ramadan. (In the dream) I saw 

myself prostrating in mud and water (as a sign) . So, whoever 

was in I*tikaf with me should return to it with me (for 

another 10-day 's period) ', and we returned. At that time there 

was no sign of clouds in the sky but suddenly a cloud came and 

it rained till rainwater started leaking through the roof of 

the mosque which was made of date-palm leaf stalks. Then the 

prayer was established and I saw Allah's Apostle prostrating 

in mud and water and I saw the traces of mud on his forehead . " 

3.234: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle said, "Search for the Night of Qadr in the odd 

nights of the last ten days of Ramadan. " 

3.235: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri: Allah's Apostle used to practice 

I^tikaf (in the mosque) in the middle third of Ramadan and 

after passing the twenty nights he used to go back to his 



house on the 21st, and the people who were In I^tlkaf with him 

also used to go back to their houses. Once In Ramadan, In 

which he practiced I"tlkaf, he established the night prayers 

at the night In which he used to return home, and then he 

addressed the people and ordered them whatever Allah wished 

him to order and said, "I used to practice I^tlkaf for these 

ten days (I.e. the middle third but now I Intend to stay In 

I*tlkaf for the last ten days (of the month); so whoever was 

In I^tlkaf with me should stay at his place of seclusion. I 

have verily been shown (the date of) this Night (of Qadr) but 

I have forgotten It . So search for It In the odd nights of the 

last ten days (of this month) . I also saw myself (In the 

dream) prostrating In mud and water. " On the night of the 

21st, the sky was covered with clouds and It rained, and the 

rainwater started leaking through the roof of the mosque at 

the praying place of the Prophet . I saw with my own eyes the 

Prophet at the completion of the morning prayer leaving with 

his face covered with mud and water. 

3.236: 

Narrated ^Alsha : 

The Prophet said, "Look for (the Night of Qadr) . 

3.237: 

Narrated ^Alsha : 

Allah's Apostle used to practice I^tlkaf In the last ten 

nights of Ramadan and used to say, "Look for the Night of Qadr 

In the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. " 

3.238: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet said, "Look for the Night of 

Qadr In the last ten nights of Ramadan , ' on the night when 

nine or seven or five nights remain out of the last ten nights 

of Ramadan (I.e. 21, 23, 25, respectively). 

3.239: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: Allah's Apostle said, "The Night of Qadr 

Is In the last ten nights of the month (Ramadan) , either on 

the first nine or In the last (remaining) seven nights (of 

Ramadan) . " Ibn " Abbas added, "Search for It on the 

twenty-fourth (of Ramadan) . 

3.240: 



Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit : The Prophet came out to inform 
us about the Night of Qadr but two Muslims were quarreling 
with each other. So, the Prophet said, "I came out to inform 
you about the Night of Qadr but such-and-such persons were 
quarreling, so the news about it had been taken away; yet that 
might be for your own good, so search for it on the 29th, 27th 
and 25th (of Ramadan) . 
3.241: 

Narrated Aisha: 

With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet 
used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to 
pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the 
prayers . 

Bk. 33: Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah 
(I'tikaf) 



3.242: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle used to practice 
I^tikaf in the last ten days of the month of Ramadan. 
3.243: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) The Prophet used to practice I"tikaf 
in the last ten days of Ramadan till he died and then his 
wives used to practice 1" tikaf after him. 
3.244: 

Narrated Abu Sa"id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle used to practice 
I"tikaf in the middle ten days of Ramadan and once he stayed 
in I*tikaf till the night of the twenty- first and it was the 
night in the morning of which he used to come out of his 
I^tikaf. The Prophet said, "Whoever was in I^tikaf with me 
should stay in I*tikaf for the last ten days, for I was 
informed (of the date) of the Night (of Qadr) but I have been 
caused to forget it . (In the dream) I saw myself prostrating 
in mud and water in the morning of that night. So, look for it 
in the last ten nights and in the odd ones of them. " It rained 



that night and the roof of the mosque dribbled as it was made 
of leaf stalks of date-palms. I saw with my own eyes the mark 
of mud and water on the forehead of the Prophet (i.e. in the 
morning of the twenty- fir st ) . 
3.245: 

Narrated * Aisha : 

The Prophet used to (put) bend his head (out) to me while he 
was in I^tikaf in the mosque during my monthly periods and I 
would comb and oil his hair. 
3.246: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to let his head 
in (the house) while he was in the mosque and I would comb and 
oil his hair. When in I^tikaf he used not to enter the house 
except for a need. 
3.241: 

Narrated " Aisha : 

The Prophet used to embrace me during my menses. He also used 
to put his head out of the mosque while he was in l"tikaf, and 
I would wash it during my menses. 
3.248: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: "Umar asked the Prophet "I vowed in the 
Pre-Islamic period of ignorance to stay in I"tikaf for one 
night in Al-Masjid al-Haram. " The Prophet said to him, 
"Fulfill your vow. " 
3.249: 

Na rra ted x Amra : 

Aisha said, "the Prophet used to practice I^tikaf in the last 
ten days of Ramadan and I used to pitch a tent for him, and 
after offering the morning prayer, he used to enter the tent . " 
Hafsa asked the permission of x Aisha to pitch a tent for her 
and she allowed her and she pitched her tent . When Zainab bint 
Jahsh saw it, she pitched another tent. In the morning the 
Prophet noticed the tents. He said, 'What is this?" He was 
told of the whole situation. Then the Prophet said, "Do you 
think that they intended to do righteousness by doing this?" 
He therefore abandoned the I^tikaf in that month and practiced 
I*tikaf for ten days in the month of Shawwal . " 



3.250: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet intended to practice I^tikaf and when he reached 

the place where he intended to perform I^tikaf, he saw some 

tents, the tents of ^Aisha, Hafsa and Zainab. So, he said, "Do 

you consider that they intended to do righteousness by doing 

this?" And then he went away and did not perform I^tikaf (in 

Ramadan) but performed it in the month of Shawwal for ten 

days. 

3.251: 

Narrated "All bin Al-Husain: Safiya, the wife of the Prophet 

told me that she went to Allah's Apostle to visit him in the 

mosque while he was in I^tikaf in the last ten days of 

Ramadan. She had a talk with him for a while, then she got up 

in order to return home. The Prophet accompanied her. When 

they reached the gate of the mosque, opposite the door of 

Um-Salama, two Ansari men were passing by and they greeted 

Allah's Apostle . He told them: Do not run away! And said, 

"She is (my wife) Safiya bint Huyai . " Both of them said, 

"Subhan Allah, (How dare we think of any evil) O Allah's 
Apostle!" And they felt it. The Prophet said (to them), "Satan 
reaches everywhere in the human body as blood reaches in it, 

(everywhere in one's body). I was afraid lest Satan might 
insert an evil thought in your minds. " 
3.252: 

Narrated Abu Salama bin * Abdur -Rahman : I asked Abu Sa* id 
Al-Khudri, "Did you hear Allah's Apostle talking about the 
Night of Qadr?" He replied in the affirmative and said, "Once 
we were in I"tikaf with Allah's Apostle in the middle ten days 
of (Ramadan) and we came out of it in the morning of the 
twentieth, and Allah's Apostle- delivered a sermon on the 20th 

(of Ramadan) and said, 'I was informed (of the date) of the 
Night of Qadr (in my dream) but had forgotten it. So, look for 
it in the odd nights of the last ten nights of the month of 
Ramadan. I saw myself prostrating in mud and water on that 
night (as a sign of the Night of Qadr) . So, whoever had been 
in I*tikaf with Allah's Apostle should return for it. ' The 
people returned to the mosque (for I"tikaf) . There was no 



trace of clouds in the sky. But all of a sudden a cloud came 
and it rained. Then the prayer was established (they stood for 
the prayer) and Allah's Apostle prostrated in mud and water 
and I saw mud over the forehead and the nose of the Prophet . 
3.253: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

One of the wives of Allah's Apostle practiced I^tikaf with him 
while she ad bleeding in between her periods and she would see 
red (blood) or yellowish traces, and sometimes we put a tray 
beneath her when she offered the prayer. 
3.254: 

Narrated *Ali bin Al-Husain (from Safiya, the Prophet ' s wife) : 
The wives of the Prophet were with him in the mosque (while he 
was in I^tikaf) and then they departed and the Prophet said to 
Safiya bint Huyai, "Don 't hurry up, for I shall accompany 
you, " (and her dwelling was in the house of Usama) . The 
Prophet went out and in the meantime two Ansari men met him 
and they looked at the Prophet and passed by. The Prophet said 
to them, "Come here. She is (my wife) Safiya bint Huyai. " They 
replied, "Subhan Allah, (How dare we think of evil) O Allah's 
Apostle ! (we never expect anything bad from you) . " The Prophet 
replied, "Satan circulates in the human being as blood 
circulates in the body, and I was afraid lest Satan might 
insert an evil thought in your minds. " 
3.255: 

Narrated *Ali bin Al-Husain from Safiya: Safiya went to the 
Prophet while he was in I*tikaf. When she returned, the 
Prophet accompanied her walking. An Ansari man saw him. When 
the Prophet noticed him, he called him and said, "Come here. 
She is Safiya. (Sufyan a sub-narrator perhaps said that the 
Prophet had said, "This is Safiya") . And Satan circulates in 
the body of Adam's offspring as his blood circulates in it. " 
(A sub-narrator asked Sufyan, "Did Safiya visit him at night?" 
He said, "Of course, at night. ") 
3.256: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: We practiced I^tikaf with Allah's Apostle 
in the middle ten days (of Ramadan) . In the morning of the 
twentieth (of Ramadan) we shifted our baggage, but Allah ' s 



Apostle came to us and said, "Whoever was m I^tikaf should 
return to his place of I^tikaf, for I saw (i.e. was informed 
about the date of) this Night (of Qadr) and saw myself 
prostrating in mud and water. " When I returned to my place the 
sky was overcast with clouds and it rained. By Him Who sent 
Muhammad with the Truth, the sky was covered with clouds from 
the end of that day, and the mosque which was roofed with 
leafstalks of date palm trees (leaked with rain) and I saw the 
trace of mud and water over the nose of the Prophet and its 
tip. 
3.257: 

Narrated ^Amra bint x Abdur-Rahman from ^Aisha: Allah's Apostle 
used to practice I*tikaf every year in the month of Ramadan. 
And after offering the morning prayer, he used to enter the 
place of his I^tikaf. ^Aisha asked his permission to let her 
practice I*tikaf and he allowed her, and so she pitched a tent 
in the mosque. When Hafsa heard of that, she also pitched a 
tent (for herself) , and when Zainab heard of that, she too 
pitched another tent. When, in the morning, Allah's Apostle 
had finished the morning prayer, he saw four tents and asked, 
"What is this?" He was informed about it. He then said, "What 
made them do this? Is it righteousness? Remove the tents, for 
I do not want to see them. " So, the tents were removed. The 
Prophet did not perform I^tikaf that year in the month of 
Ramadan, but did it in the last ten days of Shawwal . 
3.258: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin "Umar: "Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! I vowed in the Pre-Islamic period to perform 
I*tikaf in Al-Masjid-al-Haram for one night. " The Prophet 
said, "Fulfill your vow. " So, he performed I^tikaf for one 
night . 
3.259: 

Narrated Ibn *Umar: that ^Umar had vowed in the Pre-Islamic 
period to perform I^tikaf in Al-Masjid-al-Haram. (A 
sub-narrator thinks that *Umar vowed to perform I*tikaf for 
one night.) Allah's Apostle said to "Umar, "Fulfill your vow." 
3.260: 
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet used to perform I^tikaf 



every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days, and when it 

was the year of his death, he stayed in I^tikaf for twenty 

days . 

3.261: 

Narrated "Amra bint v Abdur-Rahman from ^ Aisha: Allah's Apostle 

mentioned that he would practice I^tikaf in the last ten days 

of Ramadan. " Aisha asked his permission to perform I^tikaf and 

he permitted her. Hafsa asked " Aisha to take his permission 

for her, and she did so. When Zainab bint Jahsh saw that, she 

ordered a tent to be pitched for her and it was pitched for 

her. Allah's Apostle used to proceed to his tent after the 

prayer. So, he saw the tents ans asked, "What is this?" He was 

told that those were the tents of Aisha, Hafsa, and Zainab. 

Allah's Apostle said, "Is it righteousness which they intended 

by doing so? I am not going to perform I^tikaf. " So he 

returned home. When the fasting month was over, he performed 

Itikar for ten days in the month of Shawwal . 

3.262: 

Na rra ted x Urwa : 

Aisha during her menses used to comb and oil the hair of the 

Prophet while he used to be in I"tikaf in the mosque. He would 

stretch out his head towards her while she was in her chamber. 

Bk. 34: Sales and Trade 

% 

3.263: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: You people say that Abu Huraira tells 
many narrations from Allah's Apostle and you also wonder why 
the emigrants and Ansar do not narrate from Allah's Apostle as 
Abu Huraira does. My emigrant brothers were busy in the market 
while I used to stick to Allah's Apostle content with what 
fills my stomach; so I used to be present when they were 
absent and I used to remember when they used to forget, and my 
Ansari brothers used to be busy with their properties and I 
was one of the poor men of Suffa. I used to remember the 
narrations when they used to forget. No doubt, Allah's Apostle 



once said, "Whoever spreads his garment till I have finished 
my present speech and then gathers it to himself, will 
remember whatever I will say. " So, I spread my colored garment 
which I was wearing till Allah's Apostle had finished his 
saying, and then I gathered it to my chest . So, I did not 
forget any of that narrations . 
3.264: 

Narrated Ibrahim bin Sa"d from his father from his 
grandfather: "Abdur Rahman bin "Auf said, "When we came to 
Medina as emigrants, Allah's Apostle established a bond of 
brotherhood between me and Sa"d bin Ar-Rabi" . Sa"d bin 
Ar-Rabi" said (to me), 'I am the richest among the Ansar, so I 
will give you half of my wealth and you may look at my two 
wives and whichever of the two you may choose I will divorce 
her, and when she has completed the prescribed period (before 
marriage) you may marry her. ' " Abdur-Rahman replied, "I am not 
in need of all that . Is there any marketplace where trade is 
practiced?' He replied, "The market of Qainuqa." " Abdur-Rahman 
went to that market the following day and brought some dried 
buttermilk (yogurt) and butter, and then he continued going 
there regularly . Few days later, "Abdur-Rahman came having 
traces of yellow (scent) on his body. Allah's Apostle asked 
him whether he had got married. He replied in the affirmative . 
The Prophet said, 'Whom have you married?' He replied, 'A 
woman from the Ansar. ' Then the Prophet asked, 'How much did 
you pay her? ' He replied, ' (I gave her) a gold piece equal in 
weigh to a date stone (or a date stone of gold) ! The Prophet 
said, 'Give a Walima (wedding banquet) even if with one sheep 

3.265: 

Narrated Anas: 

When "Abdur-Rahman bin "Auf came to Medina, the Prophet 

established a bond of brotherhood between him and Sa"d bin 

Ar-Rabi al-Ansari . Sa"d was a rich man, so he said to 

"Abdur-Rahman, "I will give you half of my property and will 
help you marry. " "Abdur-Rahman said (to him) , "May Allah bless 
you in your family and property. Show me the market. " So 

"Abdur-Rahman did not return from the market) till he gained 



some dried buttermilk (yogurt) and butter (through trading) . 
He brought that to his house-hold. We stayed for sometime (or 
as long as Allah wished) , and then * Abdur-Rahman came, scented 
with yellowish perfume. The Prophet said (to him) "What is 
this?" He replied, "I got married to an Ansari woman." The 
Prophet asked, "What did you pay her?" He replied, "A gold 
stone or gold equal to the weight of a date stone. " The 
Prophet said (to him) , "Give a wedding banquet even if with 
one sheep. " 
3.266: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: "Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were 
marketplaces in the Pre-Islamic period of ignorance. When 
Islam came, Muslims felt that marketing there might be a sin. 
So, the Divine Inspiration came: "There is no harm for you to 
seek the bounty of your Lord (in the seasons of Hajj) . " 

(2.198) Ibn x Abbas recited the Verse in this way. 

3.267: 

Narrated An-Nu^man bin Bashir: The Prophet said "Both legal 

and illegal things are obvious, and in between them are 

(suspicious) doubtful matters. So whoever forsakes those 
doubtful things lest he may commit a sin, will definitely 
avoid what is clearly illegal; and whoever indulges in these 

(suspicious) doubtful things bravely, is likely to commit what 
is clearly illegal. Sins are Allah's Hima (i.e. private 
pasture) and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely 
to get in it at any moment . " 
3.268: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika: ^Uqba bin Al-Harith said 
that a black woman came and claimed that she had suckled both 
of them (i.e. ^Uqba and his wife). So, he mentioned that to 
the Prophet who turned his face from him and smiled and said, 

"How (can you keep your wife) , and it was said (that both of 
you were suckled by the same woman) ?" His wife was the 
daughter of Abu Ihab-al-Tamimi . 
3.269: 
Narrated Aisha: 

"Utba bin Abu Waqqas took a firm promise from his brother Sa*d 
bin Abu Waqqas to take the son of the slave-girl of Zam % a into 



his custody as he was his (i.e. "Utba's) son. In the year of 
the Conquest (of Mecca) Sa"d bin Abu Waqqas took him, and said 
that he was his brother's son, and his brother took a promise 
from him to that effect. 'Abu bin Zam" a got up and said, "He 
is my brother and the son of the slave-girl of my father and 
was born on my father's bed. " Then they both went to the 
Prophet Sa"d said, "O Allah's Apostle! He is the son of my 
brother and he has taken a promise from me that I will take 
him. " 'Abu bin Zam" a said, " (He is) my brother and the son of 
my father's slave-girl and was born on my father's bed. " 
Allah's Apostle said, "The boy is for you. O 'Abu bin Zam" a. " 
Then the Prophet said, "The son is for the bed (i.e. the man 
on whose bed he was born) and stones (disappointment and 
deprivation) for the one who has done illegal sexual 
intercourse . " The Prophet told his wife Sauda bint Zam" a to 
screen herself from that boy as he noticed a similarity 
between the boy and "Utba. So, the boy did not see her till he 
died. 
3.270: 

Narrated "Adi bin Hatim: I asked Allah's Apostle about Al 
Mirad (i.e. a sharp-edged piece of wood or a piece of wood 
provided with a piece of iron used for hunting) . He replied, 

"If the game is hit by its sharp edge, eat it, and if it is 
hit by its broad side, do not eat it, for it has been beaten 
to death. " I asked, "O Allah's Apostle! I release my dog by 
the name of Allah and find with it at the game, another dog on 
which I have not mentioned the name of Allah, and I do not 
know which one of them caught the game. " Allah's Apostle said 

(to him), 'Don't eat it as you have mentioned the name of 
Allah on your dog and not on the other dog. " 
3.271: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet passed by a fallen date and said, "Were it not for 
my doubt that this might have been given in charity, I would 
have eaten it . " And narrated Abu Huraira the Prophet said, "I 
found a date-fruit fallen on my bed. " 
3.272: 
Narrated "Abbas bin Tamim: that his uncle said: "The Prophet 



was asked: If a person feels something during his prayer; 

should one interrupt his prayer?" The Prophet said: No! You 

should not give it up unless you hear a sound or smell 

something. " Narrated Ibn Abi Hafsa: Az-Zuhri said, "There is 

no need of repeating ablution unless you detect a smell or 

hear a sound. " 

3.273: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Some people said, "O Allah's Apostle! Meat is brought to us by 

some people and we are not sure whether the name of Allah has 

been mentioned on it or not (at the time of slaughtering the 

animals)." Allah's Apostle said (to them), "Mention the name 

of Allah and eat it . " 

3.274: 

Narrated Jabir: 

While we were offering the prayer with the Prophet a caravan 

carrying food came from Sham. The people looked towards the 

caravan (and went to it) and only twelve persons remained with 

the Prophet . So, the Divine Inspiration came; "But when they 

see some bargain or some amusement, they disperse headlong to 

it. " (6 

2.11> 

3.275: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "A time will come when 

one will not care how one gains one's money, legally or 

illegally. " 

3.276: 

Narrated Abu Al-Minhal: I used to practice money exchange, and 

I asked Zaid bin 'Arqam about it, and he narrated what the 

Prophet said in the following: Abu Al-Minhal said, "I asked 

Al-Bara ' bin " Azib and Zaid bin Arqam about practicing money 

exchange. They replied, 'We were traders in the time of 

Allah's Apostle and I asked Allah's Apostle about money 

exchange. He replied, 'If it is from hand to hand, there is no 

harm in it; otherwise it is not permissible. " 

3.277: 

Narrated 'Ubai bin ^Umar: Abu Musa asked ^Umar to admit him 

but he was not admitted as % Umar was busy, so Abu Musa went 



back. When "Umar finished his job he said, "Didn't I hear the 
voice of "Abdullah bin Qais? Let him come in." "Umar was told 
that he had left. So, he sent for him and on his arrival, he 

(Abu Musa) said, "We were ordered to do so (i.e. to leave if 
not admitted after asking permission thrice) . "Umar told him, 

"Bring witness in proof of your statement. " Abu Musa went to 
the Ansar's meeting places and asked them. They said, "None 
amongst us will give this witness except the youngest of us, 
Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri . Abu Musa then took Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri 

(to "Umar) and "Umar said, surprisingly, "Has this order of 
Allah's Apostle been hidden from me?" (Then he added), "I used 
to be busy trading in markets. " 
3.278: 

Narrated Jabir: 

A caravan arrived (at Medina) while we were offering the Jumua 
prayer with the Prophet . The people left out for the caravan, 
with the exception of twelve persons . Then this Verse was 
revealed: 'But when they see some bargain or some amusement, 
they disperse headlong to it and leave you standing . " (6 
2.11, 
3.279: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

The Prophet said, "If a woman gives in charity from her house 
meals without wasting (i.e. being extravagant) , she will get 
the reward for her giving, and her husband will also get the 
reward for his earning and the storekeeper will also get a 
similar reward. The acquisition of the reward of none of them 
will reduce the reward of the others. " 
3.280: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "If a woman gives 
something (i.e. in charity) from her husband's earnings 
without his permission, she will get half his reward. " 
3.281: 
Narrated Anas bin Malik: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 

"whoever desires an expansion in his sustenance and age, 

should keep good relations with his Kith and kin. " 

3.282: 

Narrated "Aisha : 



The Prophet purchased food grains from a Jew on credit and 

mortgaged his iron armor to him. 

3.283: 

Narrated Qatada: 

Anas went to the Prophet with barley bread having some 

dissolved fat on it . The Prophet had mortgaged his armor to a 

Jew in Medina and took from him some barley for his family. 

Anas heard him saying, "The household of Muhammad did not 

possess even a single Sa of wheat or food grains for the 

evening meal, although he has nine wives to look after. " (See 

Hadith No. 685) 

3.284: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

When Abu Bakr As-Siddiq was chosen Caliph, he said, "My people 

know that my profession was not incapable of providing 

substance to my family. And as I will be busy serving the 

Muslim nation, my family will eat from the National Treasury 

of Muslims, and I will practice the profession of serving the 

Muslims. " 

3.285: 

Narrated Aisha: 

The companions of Allah ' s Apostle used to practice manual 

labor, so their sweat used to smell, and they were advised to 

take a bath. 

3.286: 

Narrated Al-Miqdam: The Prophet said, "Nobody has ever eaten a 

better meal than that which one has earned by working with 

one's own hands. The Prophet of Allah, David used to eat from 

the earnings of his manual labor. " 

3.287: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The Prophet David 

used not to eat except from the earnings of his manual labor. " 

3.288: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "One would rather 

cut and carry a bundle of wood on his back than ask somebody 

who may or may not live him. " 

3.289: 

Narrated Az-Zubair bin Al-Awwam: The Prophet said, "One would 



rather take a rope and cut wood and carry it than ask others) . 

3.290: 

Narrated Jabir bin " Abdullah: Allah's Apostle said, "May 

Allah's mercy be on him who is lenient in his buying, selling, 

and in demanding back his money. " 

3.291: 

Narrated Hudhaifa: The Prophet said, "Before your time the 

angels received the soul of a man and asked him, 'Did you do 

any good deeds (in your life)?' He replied, 'I used to order 

my employees to grant time to the rich person to pay his debts 

at his convenience. ' So Allah said to the angels; "Excuse 

him. " Rabi said that (the dead man said) , 'I used to be easy 

to the rich and grant time to the poor. ' Or, in another 

narration, 'grant time to the well-off and forgive the needy, ' 

or, 'accept from the well-off and forgive the needy. ' 

3.292: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "There was a merchant 

who used to lend the people, and whenever his debtor was in 

straitened circumstances , he would say to his employees, 

'Forgive him so that Allah may forgive us. ' So, Allah forgave 
him. " 
3.293: 

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam: Allah's Apostle said, "The seller 
and the buyer have the right to keep or return goods as long 
as they have not parted or till they part; and if both the 
parties spoke the truth and described the defects and 
qualities (of the goods) , then they would be blessed in their 
transaction, and if they told lies or hid something, then the 
blessings of their transaction would be lost . " 
3.294: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: We used to be given mixed dates (from the 
booty) and used to sell (barter) two Sas of those dates) for 
one Sa (of good dates) . The Prophet said (to us) , "No 

(bartering of) two Sas for one Sa nor two Dirhams for one 
Dirham is permissible" , (as that is a kind of usury) . (See 
Hadith No. 405) . 
3.295: 
Narrated Abu Mas*ud: An Ansari man, called Abu Shu'aib, came 



and told his butcher slave, "Prepare meals sufficient for five 
persons, for I want to invite the Prophet along with four 
other persons as I saw signs of hunger on his face. " Abu 
Shu'aib invited them and another person came along with them. 
The Prophet said (to Abu Shu'aib), This man followed us, so if 
you allow him, he will join us, and if you want him to return, 
he will go back. " Abu Shu'aib said, "No, I have allowed him 
(i.e. he, too, is welcomed to the meal). 
3.296: 

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam: The Prophet aid, "The buyer and the 
seller have the option to cancel or to confirm the deal, as 
long as they have not parted or till they part, and if they 
spoke the truth and told each other the defects of the things, 
then blessings would be in their deal, and if they hid 
something and told lies, the blessing of the deal would be 
lost. " 
3.297: 

Narrated Aisha: 

When the last Verses of Surat al- Baqara were revealed, the 
Prophet recited them in the mosque and proclaimed the trade of 
alcohol as illegal . 
3.298: 

Narrated Samura bin Jundab: The Prophet said, "This night I 
dreamt that two men came and took me to a Holy land whence we 
proceeded on till we reached a river of blood, where a man was 
standing, and on its bank was standing another man with stones 
in his hands. The man in the middle of the river tried to come 
out, but the other threw a stone in his mouth and forced him 
to go back to his original place. So, whenever he tried to 
come out, the other man would throw a stone in his mouth and 
force him to go back to his former place. I asked, 'Who is 
this?' I was told, 'The person in the river was a Riba-eater." 
3.299: 

Narrated *Aun bin Abu Juhaifa: My father bought a slave who 
practiced the profession of cupping. (My father broke the 
slave's instruments of cupping). I asked my father why he had 
done so. He replied, "The Prophet forbade the acceptance of 
the price of a dog or blood, and also forbade the profession 



of tattooing, getting tattooed and receiving or giving Riba, 

(usury) , and cursed the picture-makers. " 

3.300: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "The 

swearing (by the seller) may persuade the buyer to purchase 

the goods but that will be deprived of Allah's blessing. " 

3.301: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin Abu "Aufa: A man displayed some goods 

in the market and swore by Allah that he had been offered so 

much for that, that which was not offered, and he said so, so 

as to cheat a Muslim. On that occasion the following Verse was 

revealed: "Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost 

of Allah's covenant and their oaths (They shall have no 

portion in the Hereafter ..etc.) ' (3.77) 

3.302: 

Narrated "All : 

I got an old she-camel as my share from the booty, and the 

Prophet had given me another from Al-Khumus . And when I 

intended to marry Fatima (daughter of the Prophet) , I arranged 

that a goldsmith from the tribe of Bani Qainuqa ' would 

accompany me in order to bring Idhkhir and then sell it to the 

goldsmiths and use its price for my marriage banquet . 

3.303: 

Narrated Ibn "Abbas: Allah's Apostle said, "Allah made Mecca a 

sanctuary and it was neither permitted for anyone before, nor 

will it be permitted for anyone after me (to fight in it) . And 

fighting in it was made legal for me for a few hours of a day 

only. None is allowed to uproot its thorny shrubs or to cut 

down its trees or to chase its game or to pick up its Luqata 

(fallen things) except by a person who would announce it 
publicly . " "Abbas bin " Abdul -Mutt alib requested the Prophet, 

"Except Al-Idhkhir, for our goldsmiths and for the roofs of 
our houses. " The Prophet said, "Except Al-Idhkhir. " " Ikrima 
said, "Do you know what is meant by chasing its game? It is to 
drive it out of the shade and sit in its place. " Khalid said, 

"("Abbas said: Al-Idhkhir) for our goldsmiths and our graves." 

3.304: 

Narrated Khabbab: 



I was a blacksmith in the Pre-Islamic period, and 'Asi bin 
Wail owed me some money, so I went to him to demand it . He 
said (to me) , "I will not pay you unless you disbelieve 
Muhammad. " I said, "I will not disbelieve till Allah kills you 
and then you get resurrected. " He said, "Leave me till I die 
and get resurrected, then I will be given wealth and children 
and I will pay you your debt . " On that occasion it was 
revealed to the Prophet: 'Have you seen him who disbelieved in 
Our signs and says: Surely I will be given wealth and 
children? Has he known the unseen, or has he taken a covenant 
from the Beneficent (Allah)? (19.77-78) 
3.305: 

Narrated ' Is-haq bin ^Abdullah bin Abu Talha: I heard Anas bin 
Malik saying, "A tailor invited Allah's Apostle to a meal 
which he had prepared. " Anas bin Malik said, "I accompanied 
Allah's Apostle to that meal. He served the Prophet with bread 
and soup made with gourd and dried meat . I saw the Prophet 
taking the pieces of gourd from the dish. " Anas added, "Since 
that day I have continued to like gourd. " 
3.306: 

Narrated Abu Hazim: I heard Sahl bin Sa^d saying, "A woman 
brought a Burda (i.e. a square piece of cloth having edging). 
I asked, 'Do you know what a Burda is?' They replied in the 
affirmative and said, "It is a cloth sheet with woven 
margins. " Sahl went on, "She addressed the Prophet and said, 
'I have woven it with my hands for you to wear. ' The Prophet 
took it as he was in need of it, and came to us wearing it as 
a waist sheet. One of us said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Give it to 
me to wear. ' The Prophet agreed to give it to him. The Prophet 
sat with the people for a while and then returned (home) , 
wrapped that waist sheet and sent it to him. The people said 
to that man, 'You haven't done well by asking him for it when 
you know that he never turns down anybody's request. ' The man 
replied, 'By Allah, I have not asked him for it except to use 
it as my shroud when I die. " Sahl added; "Later it (i.e. that 
sheet) was his shroud. " 
3.307: 
Narrated Abu Hazim: Some men came to Sahl bin Sa^d to ask him 



about the pulpit. He replied, "Allah's Apostle sent for a 
woman (Sahl named her) (this message) : 'Order your slave 
carpenter to make pieces of wood (I.e. a pulpit) for me so 
that I may sit on It while addressing the people. ' So, she 
ordered him to make It from the tamarisk of the forest . He 
brought It to her and she sent It to Allah's Apostle . Allah's 
Apostle ordered It to be placed In the mosque: so, It was put 
and he sat on It. 
3.308: 

Narrated Jablr bin "Abdullah: An Ansarl woman said to Allah's 
Apostle, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I make something for you to 
sit on, as I have a slave who Is a carpenter?" He replied, "If 
you wish. " So, she got a pulpit made for him. When It was 
Friday the Prophet sat on that pulpit. The date-palm stem near 
which the Prophet used to deliver his sermons cried so much so 
that It was about to burst . The Prophet came down from the 
pulpit to the stem and embraced It and It started groaning 
like a child being persuaded to stop crying and then It 
stopped crying. The Prophet said, "It has cried because of 
(missing) what It use to hear of the religions knowledge . " 
3.309: 

Narrated "Alsha : 

Allah's Apostle bought food grains from a Jew on credit and 
mortgaged his armor to him. 
3.310: 

Narrated Jablr bin "Abdullah: I was with the Prophet In a 
Ghazwa (Military Expedition) and my camel was slow and 
exhausted . The Prophet came up to me and said, "O Jablr. " I 
replied, "Yes?" He said, "What Is the matter with you?" I 
replied, "My camel Is slow and tired, so I am left behind. " 
So, he got down and poked the camel with his stick and then 
ordered me to ride. I rode the camel and It became so fast 
that I had to hold It from going ahead of Allah's Apostle . He 
then asked me, have you got married?" I replied In the 
affirmative. He asked, "A virgin or a matron?" I replied, "I 
married a matron. " The Prophet said, "Why have you not married 
a virgin, so that you may play with her and she may play with 
you?" Jablr replied, "I have sisters (young In age) so I liked 



to marry a matron who could collect them all and comb their 
hair and look after them. " The Prophet said, "You will reach, 
so when you have arrived (at home) , I advise you to associate 
with your wife (that you may have an intelligent son) . " Then 
he asked me, "Would you like to sell your camel?" I replied in 
the affirmative and the Prophet purchased it for one Uqiya of 
gold. Allah ' s Apostle reached before me and I reached in the 
morning, and when I went to the mosque, I found him at the 
door of the mosque. He asked me, "Have you arrived just now?" 
I replied in the affirmative. He said, "Leave your camel and 
come into (the mosque) and pray two rak*at. " I entered and 
offered the prayer. He told Bilal to weigh and give me one 
Uqiya of gold. So Bilal weighed for me fairly and I went away. 
The Prophet sent for me and I thought that he would return to 
me my camel which I hated more than anything else. But the 
Prophet said to me, "Take your camel as well as its price. " 
3.311: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: "Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were 
markets in the Pre-Islamic period. When the people embraced 
Islam they considered it a sin to trade there. So, the 
following Holy Verse came: — 'There is no harm for you if you 
seek of the bounty of your Lord (Allah) in the Hajj season . " 

(2.198) Ibn x Abbas recited it like this. 

3.312: 

Narrated "Amr: 

Here (i.e. in Mecca) there was a man called Nawwas and he had 

camels suffering from the disease of excessive and 

unquenchable thirst . Ibn x Umar went to the partner of Nawwas 

and bought those camels. The man returned to Nawwas and told 

him that he had sold those camels. Nawwas asked him, "To whom 

have you sold them?" He replied, "To such and such Sheikh. " 

Nawwas said, "Woe to you; By Allah, that Sheikh was Ibn 

"Umar. " Nawwas then went to Ibn "Umar and said to him, "My 
partner sold you camels suffering from the disease of 
excessive thirst and he had not known you. " Ibn "Umar told him 
to take them back. When Nawwas went to take them, Ibn "Umar 
said to him, "Leave them there as I am happy with the decision 
of Allah's Apostle that there is no oppression . " 



3.313: 

Narrated Abu Qatada: We set out with Allah's Apostle in the 

year of Hunain, (the Prophet gave me an armor) . I sold that 

armor and bought a garden in the region of the tribe of Bani 

Salama and that was the first property I got after embracing 

Islam. 

3.314: 

Narrated Abu Musa: Allah's Apostle said, "The example of a 

good companion (who sits with you) in comparison with a bad 

one, is I like that of the musk seller and the blacksmith's 

bellows (or furnace) ; from the first you would either buy musk 

or enjoy its good smell while the bellows would either burn 

your clothes or your house, or you get a bad nasty smell 

thereof. " 

3.315: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Abu Taiba cupped Allah's Apostle so 

he ordered that he be paid one Sa of dates and ordered his 

masters to reduce his tax (as he was a slave and had to pay a 

tax to them) . 

3.316: 

Narrated Ibn * Abbas: Once the Prophet got his blood out 

(medically) and paid that person who had done it . If it had 
been illegal, the Prophet would not have paid him. 
3.317: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Once the Prophet sent to ^Umar a 
silken two-piece garment, and when he saw "Umar wearing it, he 
said to him, "I have not sent it to you to wear. It is worn by 
him who has no share in the Hereafter, and I have sent it to 
you so that you could benefit by it (i.e. sell it). 
3.318: 
Narrated Aisha: 

(mother of the faithful believers) I bought a cushion with 
pictures on it. When Allah's Apostle saw it, he kept standing 
at the door and did not enter the house. I noticed the sign of 
disgust on his face, so I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I repent 
to Allah and H is Apostle . (Please let me know) what sin I 
have done." Allah's Apostle said, "What about this cushion?" I 
replied, "I bought it for you to sit and recline on. " Allah's 



Apostle said, "The painters (i.e. owners) of these pictures 
will be punished on the Day of Resurrection . It will be said 
to them, 'Put life in what you have created (i.e. painted). ' " 
The Prophet added, "The angels do not enter a house where 
there are pictures . " 
3.319: 

Narrated Anas: 

The Prophet said, "O Bani Najjar! Suggest a price for your 
garden. " Part of it was a ruin and it contained some date 
palms . 
3.320: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet said, "The buyer and the 
seller have the option to cancel or confirm the bargain before 
they separate from each other or if the sale is optional . " 
Nafi" said, "Ibn "Umar used to separate quickly from the 
seller if he had bought a thing which he liked. " 
3.321: 

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam" The Prophet said, "The buyer and the 
seller have the option of canceling or confirming the deal 
unless they separate. " 
3.322: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "The seller and the 
buyer have the option of canceling or confirming the deal 
unless they separate, or one of them says to the other, 
'Choose (i.e. decide to cancel or confirm the bargain now)." 
Perhaps he said, 'Or if it is an optional sale. ' " Ibn "Umar, 
Shuraih, Ash-Shu" bi, Tawus, Ata, and Ibn Abu Mulaika agree 
upon this judgment . 
3.323: 

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam: The Prophet said, "The buyer and the 
seller have the option of canceling or confirming the bargain 
unless they separate, and if they spoke the truth and made 
clear the defects of the goods, them they would be blessed in 
their bargain, and if they told lies and hid some facts, their 
bargain would be deprived of Allah's blessings . " 
3.324: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Both the 
buyer and the seller have the option of canceling or 



confirming a bargain unless they separate, or the sale is 
optional. " (See Hadith No. 320) . 
3.325: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Both the buyer and 
the seller have the option of canceling or confirming the 
bargain, as long as they are still together, and unless they 
separate or one of them gives the other the option of keeping 
or re 
3.326: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet said, "No deal is settled and 
finalized unless the buyer and the seller separate, except if 
the deal is optional (whereby the validity of the bargain 
depends on the stipulations agreed upon) . 
3.327: 

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam: The Prophet said, "Both the buyer 
and the seller have the option of canceling or confirming the 
bargain unless they separate . " The sub-narrator, Hammam said, 
"I found this in my book: 'Both the buyer and the seller give 
the option of either confirming or canceling the bargain three 
times, and if they speak the truth and mention the defects, 
then their bargain will be blessed, and if they tell lies and 
conceal the defects, they might gain some financial gain but 
they will deprive their sale of (Allah's) blessings." 
3.328: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: A person came to the Prophet and 
told him that he was always betrayed in purchasing. The 
Prophet told him to say at the time of buying, "No cheating. " 
3.329: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle said, "An army will invade the Ka*ba and when 
the invaders reach Al-Baida' , all the ground will sink and 
swallow the whole army. " I said, "O Allah's Apostle! How will 
they sink into the ground while amongst them will be their 
markets (the people who worked in business and not invaders) 
and the people not belonging to them?" The Prophet replied, 
"all of those people will sink but they will be resurrected 
and judged according to their intentions . " 
3.330: 



Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The 
congregational prayer of anyone amongst you Is more than 
twenty (five or twenty seven) times In reward than his prayer 
In the market or In his house, for If he performs ablution 
completely and then goes to the mosque with the sole Intention 
of performing the prayer, and nothing urges him to proceed to 
the mosque except the prayer, then, on every step which he 
takes towards the mosque, he will be raised one degree or one 
of his sins will be forgiven. The angels will keep on asking 
Allah's forgiveness and blessings for everyone of you so long 
as he keeps sitting at his praying place. The angels will say, 

'O Allah, bless him! O Allah, be merciful to him! ' as long as 
he does not do Hadath or a thing which gives trouble to the 
other. " The Prophet further said, "One Is regarded In prayer 
so long as one Is waiting for the prayer. " 
3.331: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: While the Prophet was In the market, 
somebody, called, "O Abul-Qaslm. " The Prophet turned to him. 
The man said, "I have called to this (I.e. another man) . " The 
Prophet said, "Name yourselves by my name but not by my Kunya 

(name) . " (In Arabic world It Is the custom to call the man as 

the father of his eldest son, e.g. Abul-Qaslm. ) (See Hadlth 

No. 737, Vol. 4) 

3.332: 

Narrated Anas: 

A man at Al-Baql ' called, "O Abul-Qaslm! " The Prophet turned 

to him and the man said (to the Prophet ) , "I did not Intend 

to call you. " The prophet said, "Name yourselves by my name 

but not by my Kunya (name) . 

3.333: 

Narrated Abu Huraira Ad-Dausl : Once the Prophet went out 

during the day. Neither did he talk to me nor I to him till he 

reached the market of Banl Qalnuqa and then he sat In the 

compound of Fatlma's house and asked about the small boy (his 

grandson Al-Hasan) but Fatlma kept the boy In for a while. I 

thought she was either changing his clothes or giving the boy 

a bath. After a while the boy came out running and the Prophet 

embraced and kissed him and then said, 'O Allah! Love him, and 



love whoever loves him. ' 
3.334: 

Narrated Nafi v ; 

Ibn ^Umar told us that the people used to buy food from the 
caravans in the lifetime of the Prophet . The Prophet used to 
forbid them to sell it at the very place where they had 
purchased it (but they were to wait) till they carried it to 
the market where foodstuff was sold. Ibn ^Umar said, 'The 
Prophet also forbade the reselling of foodstuff by somebody 
who had bought it unless he had received it with exact full 
measure. ' 
3.335: 

Narrated Ata bin Yasar: I met ^Abdullah bin % Amr bin Al-"As 
and asked him, "Tell me about the description of Allah's 
Apostle which is mentioned in Torah (i.e. Old Testament.") He 
replied, 'Yes. By Allah, he is described in Torah with some of 
the qualities attributed to him in the Qur'an as follows: "O 
Prophet ! We have sent you as a witness (for Allah's True 
religion) And a giver of glad tidings (to the faithful 
believers) , And a warner (to the unbelievers) And guardian of 
the illiterates. You are My slave and My messenger (i.e. 
Apostle) . I have named you "Al-Mutawakkil" (who depends upon 
Allah) . You are neither discourteous , harsh Nor a noisemaker 
in the markets And you do not do evil to those Who do evil to 
you, but you deal With them with forgiveness and kindness. 
Allah will not let him (the Prophet) Die till he makes 
straight the crooked people by making them say: "None has the 
right to be worshipped but Allah, " With which will be opened 
blind eyes And deaf ears and enveloped hearts. " 
3.336: 

Narrated x Abdullah ibn ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "He who 
buys foodstuff should not sell it till he is satisfied with 
the measure with which he has bought it . 
3.337: 

Narrated Jabir: 

^Abdullah bin ^Amr bin Haram died and was in debt to others. I 
asked the Prophet to intercede with his creditors for some 
reduction in the debts. The Prophet requested them (to reduce 



the debts) but they refused. The Prophet said to me, "Go and 

put your dates (In heaps) according to their different kinds. 

The Ajwa on one side, the cluster of Ibn Zaid on another side, 

etc. . Then call me. " I did that and called the Prophet He came 

and sat at the head or in the middle of the heaps and ordered 

me. Measure (the dates) for the people (creditors) . " I 

measured for them till I paid all the debts. My dates remained 

as it nothing had been taken from them. In other narrations, 

Jabir said; The Prophet said, "He (i.e. " Abdullah) continued 

measuring for them till he paid all the debts. " The Prophet 

said (to ^Abdullah), "Cut (clusters) for him (i.e. one of the 

creditors) and measure for him fully. " 

3.338: 

Narrated Al-Miqdam bin Ma ' diyakrib : The Prophet said, "Measure 

your foodstuff and you will be blessed. " 

3.339: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin Zaid: The Prophet said, "The Prophet 

Abraham made Mecca a sanctuary, and asked for Allah's blessing 

in it . I made Medina a sanctuary as Abraham made Mecca a 

sanctuary and I asked for Allah's Blessing in its measures the 

Mudd and the Sa as Abraham did for Mecca. 

3.340: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle said, "O Allah bestow 

your blessings on their measures, bless their Mudd and Sa. " 

The Prophet meant the people of Medina. 

3.341: 

Narrated Salim: 

that his father said. "I saw those, who used to buy foodstuff 

without measuring or weighing in the life time of the Prophet 

being punished if they sold it before carrying it to their own 

houses. " 

3.342: 

Narrated Tawus : 

Ibn " Abbas said, "Allah ' s Apostle forbade the selling of 

foodstuff before its measuring and transferring into one's 

possession. " I asked Ibn " Abbas, "How is that?" Ibn x Abbas 

replied, "It will be just like selling money for money, as the 

foodstuff has not been handed over to the first purchaser who 



is the present seller. " 

3.343: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet said, "He who buys foodstuff 

should not sell it till he has received it . " 

3.344: 

Narrated Az-Zuhrl from Malik bin Aus : that the latter said, 

"Who has change?" Talha said, "I (will have change) when our 

storekeeper comes from the forest." Narrated ^Umar bin 

Al-Khattab: Allah's Apostle said, "The bartering of gold for 

silver is Rlba, (usury) , except If It Is from hand to hand and 

equal in amount, and wheat grain for wheat grain is usury 

except if it is form hand to hand and equal in amount, and 

dates for dates is usury except if it is from hand to hand and 

equal in amount, and barley for barley is usury except if it 

is from hand to hand and equal in amount . " (See Riba-Fadl in 

the glossary) . 

3.345: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet forbade the selling of 

foodstuff before receiving it. I consider that all types of 

sellings should be done similarly. 

3.346: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet said, "The buyer of foodstuff 

should not sell it before it has been measured for him. " 

Isma^il narrated instead, "He should not sell it before 

receiving it." 

3.347: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: I saw the people buy foodstuff randomly 

(i.e. blindly without measuring it) in the lifetime of Allah's 
Apostle and they were punished (by beating) , if they tried to 
sell it before carrying it to their own houses. 
3.348: 

Narrated Aisha: 

Rarely did the Prophet fail to visit Abu Bakr's house 
everyday, either in the morning or in the evening. When the 
permission for migration to Medina was granted, all of a 
sudden the Prophet came to us at noon and Abu Bakr was 
informed, who said, "Certainly the Prophet has come for some 
urgent matter. " The Prophet said to Abu Bark, when the latter 



entered "Let nobody stay in your home. " Abu Bakr said, "O 
Allah's Apostle! There are only my two daughters (namely 
"Aisha and Asma') present. " The Prophet said, "I feel (am 
informed) that I have been granted the permission for 
migration. " Abu Bakr said, "I will accompany you, O Allah's 
Apostle!" The Prophet said, "You will accompany me. " Abu Bakr 
then said "O Allah's Apostle! I have two she-camels I have 
prepared specially for migration, so I offer you one of them. 
The Prophet said, "I have accepted it on the condition that I 
will pay its price. " 
3.349: 

Narrated " Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Do not 
urge somebody to return what he has already bought (i.e. in 
optional sale) from another seller so as to sell him your own 
goods. " 
3.350: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle forbade the selling of 
things by a town dweller on behalf of a desert dweller; and 
similarly Najsh was forbidden. And one should not urge 
somebody to return the goods to the seller so as to sell him 
his own goods; nor should one demand the hand of a girl who 
has already been engaged to someone else; and a woman should 
not try to cause some other woman to be divorced in order to 
take her place. 
3.351: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: A man decided that a slave of 
his would be manumitted after his death and later on he was in 
need of money, so the Prophet took the slave and said, "Who 
will buy this slave from me?" Nu'aim bin "Abdullah bought him 
for such and such price and the Prophet gave him the slave. 
3.352: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle forbade Najsh. 
3.353: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle forbade the sale 
called ' Habal-al-Habala which was a kind of sale practiced in 
the Pre-Islamic Period of ignorance. One would pay the price 
of a she-camel which was not born yet would be born by the 
immediate offspring of an extant she-camel . 



3.354: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: Allah's Apostle forbade the selling by 

Munabadha, i.e. to sell one's garment by casting it to the 

buyer not allowing him to examine or see it . Similarly he 

forbade the selling by Mulamasa. Mulamasa is to buy a garment, 

for example, by merely touching it, not looking at it. 

3.355: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet forbade two kinds of 

dressing; (one of them) is to sit with one's legs drawn up 

while wrapped in one garment . (The other) is to lift that 

garment on one's shoulders. And also forbade two kinds of 

sale: Al-Limais and An-Nibadh. 

3.356: 

Narrated Abu Huraira : Allah ' s Apostle forbade selling by 

Mulamasa and Munabadha. 

3.357: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: The Prophet forbade two kinds of dresses 

and two kinds of sale, i.e., Mulamasa and Munabadha. 

3.358: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Don't keep camels and 

sheep unmilked for a long time, for whoever buys such an 

animal has the option to milk it and then either to keep it or 

return it to the owner along with one Sa of dates. " Some 

narrated from Ibn Seereen (that the Prophet had said) , "One Sa 

of wheat, and he has the option for three days. " And some 

narrated from Ibn Seereen, " ... a Sa of dates, " not 

mentioning the option for three days. But a Sa of dates is 

mentioned in most narrations. 

3.359: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin Mas^ud: Whoever buys a sheep which has 

not been milked for a long time, has the option of returning 

it along with one Sa of dates; and the Prophet forbade going 

to meet the seller on the way (as he has no knowledge of the 

market price and he may sell his goods at a low price) . 

3.360: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Do not go forward 

to meet the caravan (to buy from it on the way before it 

reaches the town) . And do not urge buyers to cancel their 



purchases to sell them (your own goods) yourselves, and do not 
practice Najsh. A town dweller should not sell the goods for 
the desert dweller. Do not leave sheep unmilked for a long 
time, when they are on sale, and whoever buys such an animal 
has the option of returning it, after milking it, along with a 
Sa of dates or keeping it . it has been kept unmilked for a 
long period by the seller (to deceive others) . 
3.361: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever buys a 
sheep which has been kept unmilked for a long period, and 
milks it, can keep it if he is satisfied, and if he is not 
satisfied, he can return it, but he should pay one Sa of dates 
for the milk. " 
3.362: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "If a slave-girl 
commits illegal sexual intercourse and it is proved beyond 
doubt, then her owner should lash her and should not blame her 
after the legal punishment . And then if she repeats the 
illegal sexual intercourse he should lash her again and should 
not blame her after the legal punishment, and if she commits 
it a third time, then he should sell her even for a hair 
rope. " 
3.363: 

Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid: Allah's Apostle was 
asked about the slave-girl, if she was a virgin and committed 
illegal sexual intercourse. The Prophet said, "If she 
committed illegal sexual intercourse, lash her, and if she did 
it a second time, then lash her again, and if she repeated the 
third time, then sell her even for a hair rope. " Ibn Shihab 
said, "I don't know whether to sell her after the third or 
fourth offense. " 
3.364: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle came to me and I told him about the slave-girl 
(Buraira) Allah ' s Apostle said, "Buy and manumit her, for the 
Wala is for the one who manumits . " In the evening the Prophet 
got up and glorified Allah as He deserved and then said, "Why 
do some people impose conditions which are not present in 



Allah's Book (Laws)? Whoever imposes such a condition as is 

not in Allah's Laws, then that condition is invalid even if he 

imposes one hundred conditions, for Allah's conditions are 

more binding and reliable . " 

3.365: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin "Umar: Aisha wanted to buy Buraira and 

he (the Prophet ) went out for the prayer. When he returned, 

she told him that they (her masters) refused to sell her 

except on the condition that her Wala' would go to them. The 

Prophet replied, 'The Wala' would go to him who manumits. ' " 

Hammam asked Nafi " whether her (Buraira ' s) husband was a free 

man or a slave. He replied that he did not know. 

3.366: 

Narrated Jarir: 

I have given a pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle for to 

testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, 

and Muhammad is His Apostle, to offer prayers perfectly, to 

pay Zakat, to listen to and obey (Allah's and His Prophet's 

orders), and to give good advice to every Muslim. 

3.367: 

Narrated Tawus : 

Ibn " Abbas said, "Allah ' s Apostle said, 'Do not go to meet the 

caravans on the way (for buying their goods without letting 

them know the market price) ; a town dweller should not sell 

the goods of a desert dweller on behalf of the latter. ' I 

asked Ibn " Abbas, 'What does he mean by not selling the goods 

of a desert dweller by a town dweller? ' He said, 'He should 

not become his broker. ' " 

3.368: 

Narrated "Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle forbade the 

selling of the goods of a desert dweller by a town person. 

3.369: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "A buyer should 

not urge a seller to restore a purchase so as to buy it 

himself, and do not practice Najsh; and a town dweller should 

not sell goods of a desert dweller. " 

3.370: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: We were forbidden that a town dweller 



should sell goods of a desert dweller. 

3.371: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet forbade the meeting (of 

caravans) on the way and the selling of goods by an inhabitant 

of the town on behalf of a desert dweller. 

3.372: 

Narrated Tawus : 

I asked Ibn " Abbas, "What is the meaning of, 'No town dweller 

should sell (or buy) for a desert dweller ' ? " Ibn " Abbas said, 

"It means he should not become his broker. " 

3.373: 

Narrated x Abdullah: Whoever buys an animal which has been kept 

unmilked for a long time, could return it, but has to pay a Sa 

of dates along with it . And the Prophet forbade meeting the 

owners of goods on the way away from the market . 

3.374: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin "Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "You 

should not try to cancel the purchases of one another (to get 

a benefit thereof) , and do not go ahead to meet the caravan 

(for buying the goods) (but wait) till it reaches the market . " 

3.375: 

Narrated "Abdullah: We used to go ahead to meet the caravan 

and used to buy foodstuff from them. The Prophet forbade us to 

sell it till it was carried to the market. 

3.376: 

Narrated "Abdullah: Some people used to buy foodstuff at the 

head of the market and used to sell it on the spot. Allah's 

Apostle forbade them to sell it till they brought it to 

(their) places . 

3.377: 

Narrated " Urwa : 

Aisha said, "Buraira came to me and said, 'I have agreed with 

my masters to pay them nine Uqiyas (of gold) (in installments) 

one Uqiya per year; please help me. ' I said, 'I am ready to 

pay the whole amount now provided your masters agree that your 

Wala will be for me. ' So, Buraira went to her masters and told 

them about that offer but they refused to accept it . She 

returned, and at that time, Allah's Apostle was sitting 



(present) . Bur air a said, 'I told them of the offer but they 
did not accept it and insisted on having the Wala. ' . ' The 
Prophet heard that . " "Aisha narrated the whole story to the 
Prophet . He said to her, "Buy her and stipulate that her 
Wala ' would be yours as the Wala ' is for the manumitted. " 

"Aisha did so. Then Allah's Apostle stood up in front of the 
people, and after glorifying Allah he said, "Amma Badu (i.e. 
then after) ! What about the people who impose conditions which 
are not in Allah's Book (Laws)? Any condition that is not in 
Allah's Book (Laws) is invalid even if they were one hundred 
conditions, for Allah's decisions are the right ones and His 
conditions are the strong ones (firmer) and the Wala ' will be 
for the manumitted. " 
3.378: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin "Umar: Aisha, (mother of the faithful 
believers) wanted to buy a slave girl and manumit her, but her 
masters said that they would sell her only on the condition 
that her Wala' would be for them. "Aisha told Allah's Apostle 
of that . He said, "What they stipulate should not hinder you 
from buying her, as the Wala ' is for the manumitted. " 
3.379: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet said, "The selling of wheat 
for wheat is Riba (usury) except if it is handed from hand to 
hand and equal in amount . Similarly the selling of barley for 
barley, is Riba except if it is from hand to hand and equal in 
amount, and dates for dates is usury except if it is from hand 
to hand and equal in amount . (See Riba-Fadl in the glossary) . 
3.380: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: Allah's Apostle forbade Muzabana; and 
Muzabana is the selling of fresh dates for dried old dates by 
measure, and the selling of fresh grapes for dried grapes by 
measure. 
3.381: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet forbade Muzabana; and Muzabana 
is the selling of fresh fruit (without measuring it) for 
something by measure on the basis that if that thing turns to 
be more than the fruit, the increase would be for the seller 
of the fruit, and if it turns to be less, that would be of his 



lot. Narrated Ibn *Umar from Zaid bin Thabit that the Prophet 

allowed the selling of the fruits on the trees after 

estimation (when they are ripe) . 

3.382: 

Narrated Ibn Shihab: that Malik bin Aus said, "I was in need 

of change for one-hundred Dinars. Talha bin 'Ubaidullah called 

me and we discussed the matter, and he agreed to change (my 

Dinars) . He took the gold pieces in his hands and fidgeted 

with them, and then said, "Wait till my storekeeper comes from 

the forest. " ^Umar was listening to that and said, "By Allah! 

You should not separate from Talha till you get the money from 

him, for Allah's Apostle said, 'The selling of gold for gold 

is Riba (usury) except if the exchange is from hand to hand 

and equal in amount, and similarly, the selling of wheat for 

wheat is Riba (usury) unless it is from hand to hand and equal 

in amount, and the selling of barley for barley is usury 

unless it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and dates 

for dates, is usury unless it is from hand to hand and equal 

in amount " 

3.383: 

Narrated Abu Bakra: Allah's Apostle said, "Don't sell gold for 

gold unless equal in weight, nor silver for silver unless 

equal in weight, but you could sell gold for silver or silver 

for gold as you like. " 

3.384: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id: (Concerning exchange) that he heard 

Allah's Apostle saying, "Do not sell gold for gold unless 

equal in weight, and do not sell silver unless equal in 

weight . " 

3.385: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri: Allah's Apostle said, "Do not 

sell gold for gold unless equivalent in weight, and do not 

sell less amount for greater amount or vice versa; and do not 

sell silver for silver unless equivalent in weight, and do not 

sell less amount for greater amount or vice versa and do not 

sell gold or silver that is not present at the moment of 

exchange for gold or silver that is present . 

3.386: 



Narrated Abu Sallh Az-Zalyat : I heard Abu Sa"±d Al-Khudrl 

saying, "The selling of a Dinar for a Dinar, and a Dirham for 

a Dirham (is permissible) . " I said to him, "Ibn x Abbas does 

not say the same. " Abu Sa* id replied, "I asked Ibn " Abbas 

whether he had heard it from the Prophet s or seen it in the 

Holy Book. Ibn " Abbas replied, "I do not claim that, and you 

know Allah's Apostle better than I, but Usama informed me that 

the Prophet had said, 'There is no Riba (in money exchange) 

except when it is not done from hand to hand (i.e. when there 

is delay in payment) . ' " 

3.387: 

Narrated Abu Al-Minhal: I asked Al-Bara' bin * Azib and Zaid 

bin Arqam about money exchanges. Each of them said, "This is 

better than I, " and both of them said, "Allah's Apostle 

forbade the selling of silver for gold on credit . " 

3.388: 

Narrated * Abdur -Rahman bin Abu Bakra: that his father said, 

"The Prophet forbade the selling of gold for gold and silver 

for silver except if they are equivalent in weight, and 

allowed us to sell gold for silver and vice versa as we 

wished. " 

3.389: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Do not 

sell fruits of dates until they become free from all the 

dangers of being spoilt or blighted; and do not sell fresh 

dates for dry dates. " Narrated Salim and x Abdullah from Zaid 

bin Habit' "Later on Allah's Apostle permitted the selling of 

ripe fruits on trees for fresh dates or dried dates in 

Bai ' -al-'Araya, and did not allow it for any other kind of 

sale. " 

3.390: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle forbade 

Muzabana; and Muzabana means the selling of fresh dates (on 

the trees) for dried dates by measure and also the selling of 

fresh grapes for dried grapes by measure. 

3.391: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : Allah's Apostle forbade Muzabana 

and Muhaqala; and Muzabana means the selling of ripe dates for 



dates still on the trees. 

3.392: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet forbade Muzabana and 

Muhaqala . 

3.393: 

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: Allah's Apostle al lowed the owner 

of 'Araya to sell the fruits on the trees by means of 

estimation . 

3.394: 

Narrated Jabir: 

The Prophet forbade the selling of fruits unless they get 

ripe, and none of them should be sold except for Dinar or 

Dirham (i.e. money), except the 'Araya trees (the dates of 

which could be sold for dates) . 

3.395: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet allowed the sale of the 

dates of 'Araya provided they were about five Awsuq (singular: 

Wasaq which means sixty Sa's) or less (in amount). 

3.396: 

Narrated Sahl bin Abu Hathma: Allah's Apostle forbade the 

selling of fruits (fresh dates) for dried dates but allowed 

the sale of fruits on the 'Araya by estimation and their new 

owners might eat their dates fresh. Sufyan (in another 

narration) said, "I told Yahya (a sub-narrator) when I was a 

mere boy, 'Meccans say that the Prophet allowed them the sale 

of the fruits on 'Araya by estimation. ' Yahya asked, 'How do 

the Meccans know about it?' I replied, 'They narrated it (from 

the Prophet ) through Jabir. ' On that, Yahya kept quiet. " 

Sufyan said, "I meant that Jabir belonged to Medina. " Sufyan 

was asked whether in Jabir 's narration there was any 

prohibition of selling fruits before their benefit is evident 

(i.e. no dangers of being spoilt or blighted) . He replied that 

there was none. 

3.397: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar from Zaid bin Thabit: Allah's Apostle 

allowed the sale of 'Araya by estimating the dates on them for 

measured amounts of dried dates. Musa bin "Uqba said, "Al- 

' Araya were distinguished date palms; one could come and buy 



them (i.e. their fruits). 

3.398: 

Narrated Zaid: 

Same as above (Hadith 397) . 

3.399: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle forbade the sale 

of fruits till their benefit is evident . He forbade both the 

seller and the buyer (such sale) . 

3.400: 

Narrated Anas: 

Allah's Apostle forbade the sale of date fruits till they were 

ripe. Abu x Abdullah (Al-Bukhari) said, "That means till they 

were red (can be eaten) . 

3.401: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: The Prophet forbade the s of 

(date) fruits till they were red or yellow and fit for eating. 
3.402: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet forbade the sale of 
fruits till their benefit is evident; and the sale of date 
palms till the dates are almost ripe. He was asked what 'are 
almost ripe' meant. He replied, "Got red and yellow. " 
3.403: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle forbade the sale of 
fruits till they are almost ripe. He was asked what is meant 
by 'are almost ripe. ' He replied, "Till they become red. " 
Allah's Apostle further said, "If Allah spoiled the fruits, 
what right would one have to take the money of one's brother 

(i.e. other people) ?" Narrated Ibn Shihab: If somebody bought 
fruits before their benefit is evident and then the fruits 
were spoiled with blights, the loss would be suffered by the 
owner (not the buyer) . Narrated Salim bin ^Abdullah from Ibn 

% Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Do not sell or buy fruits before 

their benefit was evident and do not sell fresh fruits (dates) 

for dried dates. " 

3.404: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

The Prophet bought some foodstuff from a Jew on credit and 

mortgaged his armor to him. 



3.405: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle 

appointed somebody as a governor of Khalbar. That governor 

brought to him an excellent kind of dates (from Khalbar) . The 

Prophet asked, "Are all the dates of Khalbar like this?" He 

replied, "By Allah, no, O Allah's Apostle! But we barter one 

Sa of this (type of dates) for two Sas of dates of ours and 

two Sas of it for three of ours. " Allah's Apostle said, "Do 

not do so (as that Is a kind of usury) but sell the mixed 

dates (of inferior quality) for money, and then buy good dates 

with that money. " 

3.406: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin ^Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "If 

somebody sells pollinated date palms, the fruits will be for 

the seller unless the buyer stipulates that they will be for 

himself (and the seller agrees) . 

3.407: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: Allah's Apostle forbade Al-Muzabana, i.e. 

to sell ungathered dates of one's garden for measured dried 

dates or fresh ungathered grapes for measured dried grapes; or 

standing crops for measured quantity of foodstuff . He forbade 

all such bargains. 

3.408: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet said, "Whoever pollinates date 

palms and then sells them, the fruits will belong to him 

unless the buyer stipulates that the fruits should belong to 

him (and the seller agrees) . 

3.409: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Apostle forbade Muhaqala, 

Mukhadara, Mulamasa, Munabadha and Muzabana. (See glossary and 

previous Hadiths for the meanings of these terms.) 

3.410: 

Narrated Humaid: 

Anas said, "The Prophet forbade the selling of dates till they 

were almost ripe." We asked Anas, "What does 'almost ripe' 

mean?" He replied, "They get red and yellow. The Prophet 

added, 'If Allah destroyed the fruits present on the trees, 

what right would the seller have to take the money of his 



brother (somebody else) ? ' " 
3.411: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: I was with the Prophet while he was eating 
fresh dates. He said, "From the trees there is a tree which 
resembles a faithful believer . " I wanted to say that it was 
the date palm, but I was the youngest among them (so I kept 
quiet) . He added, "It is the date palm. " Shuraih told the 
weavers, "You are permitted to follow your own conventions to 
solve your problems (it is legal for you to stick to your 
traditions in bargain) . " Narrated x Abdul Wahab: Aiyub said: 
Muhammad said, "There is no harm in selling for eleven what 
you buy for ten, and you are allowed to take a profit for 
expenses . " The Prophet told Hind, "Take what is reasonable 
and sufficient for you and your sons. " Allah says: Whoever is 
poor, can eat (from the orphan ' s property) reasonably 
(according to his labors) . Al-Hasan hired a donkey from 
" Abdullah bin Mirdas and asked him about the hire. The latter 
replied that it was for two Daniqs (a Daniq equals 116th 
Dirham) . So Al-Hasan rode away. Another time, Al-Hasan came to 
^Abdullah bin Mirdas and asked him to hire the donkey to him 
and rode away without asking him about the hire, but he sent 
him half a Dirham. 
3.412: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: Abu Taiba cupped Allah's Apostle and 
so Allah's Apostle ordered that a Sa of dates be paid to him 
and ordered his masters (for he was a slave) to reduce his 
tax. 
3.413: 

Narrated ^Aisha : 

Hind, the mother of Mu'awiya said to Allah's Apostle, "Abu 
Sufyan (her husband) is a miser. Am I allowed to take from his 
money secretly?" The Prophet said to her, "You and your sons 
may take what is sufficient reasonably and fairly. " 
3.414: 

Narrated Hisham bin "Urwa from his father: who heard Aisha 
saying, "The Holy Verse; 'Whoever amongst the guardians is 
rich, he should take no wages (from the property of the 
orphans) but If he is poor, let him have for himself what is 



just and reasonable (according to his labors) ' (4.6) was 

revealed concerning the guardian of the orphans who looks 

after them and manages favorably their financial affairs; If 

the guardian Is poor, he could have from It what Is just and 

reasonable, (according to his labors) . 

3.415: 

Narrated Jabir: 

Allah's Apostle gave preemption (to the partner) in every 

joint property , but if the boundaries of the property were 

demarcated or the ways and streets were fixed, then there was 

no pre-emption. 

3.416: 

Narrated Jabir bin "Abdullah: Allah's Apostle decided the 

validity of preemption in every joint undivided property , but 

if the boundaries were well marked or the ways and streets 

were fixed, then there was no pre-emption. 

3.411: 

Narrated Mussaddad from v Abdul Wahid: the same as above but 

said, "... in every joint undivided thing. . . " Narrated Hisham 

from Ma "mar the same as above but said, " ... in every 

property . . . " 

3.418: 

Narrated Ibn "Umar: The Prophet said, "While three persons 

were walking, rain began to fall and they had to enter a cave 

in a mountain. A big rock rolled over and blocked the mouth of 

the cave. They said to each other, 'Invoke Allah with the best 

deed you have performed (so Allah might remove the rock) ' . One 

of them said, 'O Allah! My parents were old and I used to go 

out for grazing (my animals) . On my return I would milk (the 

animals) and take the milk in a vessel to my parents to drink. 

After they had drunk from it, I would give it to my children, 

family and wife. One day I was delayed and on my return I 

found my parents sleeping, and I disliked to wake them up. The 

children were crying at my feet (because of hunger) . That 

state of affairs continued till it was dawn . O Allah ! If You 

regard that I did it for Your sake, then please remove this 

rock so that we may see the sky. ' So, the rock was moved a 

bit. The second said, 'O Allah! You know that I was in love 



with a cousin of mine, like the deepest love a man may have 
for a woman, and she told me that I would not get my desire 
fulfilled unless I paid her one-hundred Dinars (gold pieces) . 
So, I struggled for it till I gathered the desired amount, and 
when I sat in between her legs, she told me to be afraid of 
Allah, and asked me not to deflower her except rightfully (by 
marriage) . So, I got up and left her. O Allah! If You regard 
that I did if for Your sake, kindly remove this rock. ' So, 
two-thirds of the rock was removed. Then the third man said, 

'O Allah! No doubt You know that once I employed a worker for 
one Faraq (three Sa ' s) of millet, and when I wanted to pay 
him, he refused to take it, so I sowed it and from its yield I 
bought cows and a shepherd. After a time that man came and 
demanded his money. I said to him: Go to those cows and the 
shepherd and take them for they are for you. He asked me 
whether I was joking with him. I told him that I was not 
joking with him, and all that belonged to him. O Allah! If You 
regard that I did it sincerely for Your sake, then please 
remove the rock. ' So, the rock was removed completely from the 
mouth of the cave. " 
3.419: 

Narrated * Abdur -Rahman bin Abu Bakr: We were with the Prophet 
when a tall pagan with long matted unkempt hair came driving 
his sheep. The Prophet asked him, "Are those sheep for sale or 
for gifts?" The pagan replied, "They are for sale. " The 
Prophet bought one sheep from him. 
3.420: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The Prophet Abraham 
emigrated with Sarah and entered a village where there was a 
king or a tyrant. (The king) was told that Abraham had entered 

(the village) accompanied by a woman who was one of the most 
charming women. So, the king sent for Abraham and asked, 'O 
Abraham! Who is this lady accompanying you?' Abraham replied, 

'She is my sister (i.e. in religion) . ' Then Abraham returned 
to her and said, 'Do not contradict my statement, for I have 
informed them that you are my sister. By Allah, there are no 
true believers on this land except you and 
1 . ' Then Abraham sent her to the king. When the king got to 



her, she got up and performed ablution, prayed and said, 'O 
Allah! If I have believed in You and Your Apostle, and have 
saved my private parts from everybody except my husband, then 
please do not let this pagan overpower me. ' On that the king 
fell in a mood of agitation and started moving his legs. 
Seeing the condition of the king, Sarah said, 'O Allah! If he 
should die, the people will say that I have killed him. ' The 
king regained his power, and proceeded towards her but she got 
up again and performed ablution, prayed and said, 'O Allah! If 
I have believed in You and Your Apostle and have kept my 
private parts safe from all except my husband, then please do 
not let this pagan overpower me. ' The king again fell in a 
mood of agitation and started moving his legs. On seeing that 
state of the king, Sarah said, 'O Allah! If he should die, the 
people will say that I have killed him. ' The king got either 
two or three attacks, and after recovering from the last 
attack he said, 'By Allah! You have sent a satan to me. Take 
her to Abraham and give her Ajar. ' So she came back to Abraham 
and said, 'Allah humiliated the pagan and gave us a slave-girl 
for service. " 
3.421: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Sa^d bin Abi Waqqas and 'Abu bin Zam" a quarreled over a boy. 
Sa*d said, "O Allah's Apostle! This boy is the son of my 
brother (^Utba bin Abi Waqqas) who took a promise from me that 
I would take him as he was his (illegal) son. Look at him and 
see whom he resembles. " 'Abu bin Zam"a said, "O Allah's 
Apostle! This is my brother and was born on my father's bed 
from his slave-girl." Allah's Apostle cast a look at the boy 
and found definite resemblance to "Utba and then said, "The 
boy is for you, O 'Abu bin Zam^a. The child goes to the owner 
of the bed and the adulterer gets nothing but the stones 
(despair, i.e. to be stoned to death). Then the Prophet said, 
"O Sauda bint Zama! Screen yourself from this boy. " So, Sauda 
never saw him again . 
3.422: 

Narrated Sa^d that his father said: * Abdur-Rahman bin *Auf 
said to Suhaib, 'Fear Allah and do not ascribe yourself to 



somebody other than your father. ' Suhaib replied, 'I would not 

like to say it even if I were given large amounts of money, 

but I say I was kidnapped in my childhood. ' " 

3.423: 

Narrated % Urwa bin Az-Zubair: Hakim bin Hizam said, "O Allah's 

Apostle! I used to do good deeds in the Pre-Islamic period of 

Ignorance, e.g., keeping good relations with my Kith and kin, 

manumitting slaves and giving alms. Shall I receive a reward 

for all that?" Allah's Apostle replied, "You embraced Islam 

with all the good deeds which you did in the past. " 

3.424: 

Narrated x Abdullah bin * Abbas: Once Allah's Apostle passed by 

a dead sheep and said to the people, "Wouldn 't you benefit by 

its skin?" The people replied that it was dead. The Prophet 

said, "But its eating only is illegal. " 

3.425: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose 

Hands my soul is, son of Mary (Jesus) will shortly descend 

amongst you people (Muslims) as a just ruler and will break 

the Cross and kill the pig and abolish the Jizya (a tax taken 

from the non-Muslims, who are in the protection, of the Muslim 

government) . Then there will be abundance of money and nobody 

will accept charitable gifts. 

3.426: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Once ^Umar was informed that a certain 

man sold alcohol. ^Umar said, "May Allah curse him! Doesn't he 

know that Allah ' s Apostle said, 'May Allah curse the Jews, for 

Allah had forbidden them to eat the fat of animals but they 

melted it and sold it . " 

3.427: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah curse 

the Jews, because Allah made fat illegal for them but they 

sold it and ate its price. " 

3.428: 

Narrated Sa^id bin Abu Al-Hasan: While I was with Ibn " Abbas a 

man came and said, "O father of " Abbas! My sustenance is from 

my manual profession and I make these pictures . " Ibn " Abbas 

said, "I will tell you only what I heard from Allah's Apostle 



. I heard him saying, 'Whoever makes a picture will be 
punished by Allah till he puts life in it, and he will never 
be able to put life in it . ' " Hearing this, that man heaved a 
sigh and his face turned pale. Ibn " Abbas said to him, "What a 
pity! If you insist on making pictures I advise you to make 
pictures of trees and any other unanimated objects. " 
3.429: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

When the last verses of Surat-al-Baqara were revealed, the 
Prophet went out (of his house to the Mosque) and said, "The 
trade of alcohol has become illegal . " 
3.430: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah says, 'I will 
be against three persons on the Day of Resurrection : -1 . One 
who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous . 
-2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the 
price, -3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full 
work done by him but does not pay him his wages. ' " 
3.431: 

Narrated Anas: 

Amongst the captives was Safiya. First she was given to Dihya 
Al-Kalbi and then to the Prophet . 
3.432: 

Narrated Abu Sa^id Al-Khudri : that while he was sitting with 
Allah's Apostle he said, "O Allah's Apostle! We get female 
captives as our share of booty, and we are interested in their 
prices, what is your opinion about coitus interrupt us?" The 
Prophet said, "Do you really do that? It is better for you not 
to do it. No soul that which Allah has destined to exist, but 
will surely come into existence. 
3.433: 

Narrated Jabir: 

The Prophet sold a Mudabbar (on behalf of his master who was 
still living and in need of money) . 
3.434: 

Narrated Jabir bin x Abdullah: Allah's Apostle sold a Mudabbar. 
3.435: 
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid and Abu Huraira: that Allah's Apostle 



was asked about an unmarried slave-girl who committed illegal 
sexual intercourse. They heard him saying, "Flog her, and if 
she commits illegal sexual intercourse after that, flog her 
again, and on the third (or the fourth) offense, sell her. " 
3.436: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard the Prophet saying, "If a 
slave-girl of yours commits illegal sexual intercourse and her 
illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be lashed, 
and after that nobody should blame her, and if she commits 
illegal sexual intercourse the second time, she should be 
lashed and nobody should blame her after that, and if she does 
the offense for the third time and her illegal sexual 
intercourse is proved, she should be sold even for a hair 
rope. " 
3.437: 

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet came to Khaibar and when 
Allah made him victorious and he conquered the town by 
breaking the enemy's defense, the beauty of Safiya bint Huyai 
bin Akhtab was mentioned to him and her husband had been 
killed while she was a bride. Allah's Apostle selected her for 
himself and he set out in her company till he reached 
Sadd-ar-Rawha ' where her menses were over and he married her. 
Then Ha is (a kind of meal) was prepared and served on a small 
leather sheet (used for serving meals). Allah's Apostle then 
said to me, "Inform those who are around you (about the 
wedding banquet) . " So that was the marriage banquet given by 
Allah's Apostle for (his marriage with) Safiya. After that we 
proceeded to Medina and I saw that Allah ' s Apostle was 
covering her with a cloak while she was behind him. Then he 
would sit beside his camel and let Safiya put her feet on his 
knees to ride (the camel) . 
3.438: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: I heard Allah's Apostle, in the 
year of the Conquest of Mecca, saying, "Allah and His Apostle 
made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and 
idols." The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What about the 
fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats 
and the hides; and people use it for lights?" He said, "No, it 



is illegal. " Allah's Apostle further said, "May Allah curse 
the Jews, for Allah made the fat (of animals) illegal for 
them, yet they melted the fat and sold it and ate its price. " 
3.439: 

Narrated Abu Mas"ud Al-Ansari: Allah's Apostle forbade taking 
the price of a dog, money earned by prostitution and the 
earnings of a soothsayer. 
3.440: 

Narrated ^Aun bin Abu Juhaifa: I saw my father buying a slave 
whose profession was cupping, and ordered that his instruments 
(of cupping) be broken. I asked him the reason for doing so. 
He replied, "Allah's Apostle prohibited taking money for 
blood, the price of a dog, and the earnings of a slave-girl by 
prostitution; he cursed her who tattoos and her who gets 
tattooed, the eater of Riba (usury) , and the maker of 
pictures . " 

Bk. 35: Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be 
Delivered Later (As-Salam) 






3.441: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: Allah's Apostle came to Medina and the 

people used to pay in advance the price of fruits to be 

delivered within one or two years. (The sub-narrator is in 

doubt whether it was one to two years or two to three years.) 

The Prophet said, "Whoever pays money in advance for dates (to 

be delivered later) should pay it for known specified weight 

and measure (of the dates) . 

3.442: 

Narrated Ibn Abi Najih: as above, mentioning only specific 

measure . 

3.443: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet came to Medina and the people 

used to pay in advance the price of dates to be delivered 

within two or three years. He said (to them) , "Whoever pays in 

advance the price of a thing to be delivered later should pay 



it for a specified measure at specified weight for a specified 

period. " 

3.444: 

Narrated Ibn Abi Najih: as above, saying, "He should pay the 

price in advance for a specified measure and for a specified 

period. " 

3.445: 

Narrated Ibn " Abbas: The Prophet came (to Medina) and he told 

the people (regarding the payment of money in advance that 

they should pay it) for a known specified measure and a known 

specified weight and a known specified period. 

3.446: 

Narrated Shu"ba: 

Muhammad or "Abdullah bin Abu Al-Mujalid said, "Abdullah bin 

Shaddad and Abu Burda differed regarding As-Salam, so they 

sent me to Ibn Abi "Aufa and I asked him about it. He replied, 

'In the lifetime of Allah's Apostle, Abu Bakr and "Umar, we 
used to pay in advance the prices of wheat, barley, dried 
grapes and dates to be delivered later. I also asked Ibn Abza 
and he, too, replied as above. ' " 
3.447: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Mujalid: "Abdullah bin Shaddad and 
Abu Burda sent me to "Abdullah bin Abi "Aufa and told me to 
ask "Abdullah whether the people in the lifetime of the 
Prophet used to pay in advance for wheat (to be delivered 
later) . "Abdullah replied, "We used to pay in advance to the 
peasants of Sham for wheat, barley and olive oil of a known 
specified measure to be delivered in a specified period. " I 
asked (him) , "Was the price paid (in advance) to those who had 
the things to be delivered later?" "Abdullah bin "Aufa 
replied, "We did not use to ask them about that . " Then they 
sent me to "Abdur Rahman bin Abza and I asked him. He replied, 

"The companions of the Prophet used to practice Salam in the 

lifetime of the Prophet; and we did not use to ask them 

whether they had standing crops or not . " 

3.448: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid: as above (446) and said, 

"We used to pay them in advance for wheat and barley (to be 



delivered later). Narrated Ash-Shaibani — "And also for oil." 
3.449: 

Narrated Ash-Shaibani : who said "We used to pay in advance for 
wheat barley and dried grapes. " 
3.450: 

Narrated Abu Bakhtari at-Tai : I asked Ibn " Abbas about Salam 
for (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied "The Prophet 
forbade the sale a dates on the trees till they became fit for 
eating and could be weighed. " A man asked what to be weighed 
(as the dates were still on the trees) . Another man sitting 
beside Ibn s Abbas replied, "Till they are cut and stored. " 
Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari: I heard Ibn x Abbas (saying) that the 
Prophet forbade . . . etc. as above. 
3.451: 

Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari: I asked Ibn "Umar about Salam (the 
fruits of) date-palms. He replied, "The Prophet forbade the 
sale of dates till their benefit becomes evident and fit for 
eating and also the sale of silver (for gold) on credit . " I 
asked Ibn " Abbas about Salam for dates and he replied, "The 
Prophet forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for 
eating and could be estimated. " 
3.452: 

Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari: I asked Ibn "Umar about Salam for 
dates. Ibn *Umar replied, "The Prophet forbade the sale (the 
fruits) of date-palms until they were fit for eating and also 
forbade the sale of silver for gold on credit. " I also asked 
Ibn * Abbas about it . Ibn "Abbas replied, "The Prophet forbade 
the sale of dates till they were fit for eating, and could be 
weighed. " I asked him, "What is to be weighed (as the dates 
are on the trees) ?" A man sitting by Ibn "Abbas said, "It 
means till they are cut and stored. " 
3.453: 

Narrated "Aisha : 

Allah's Apostle bought some foodstuff (barley) from a Jew on 
credit and mortgaged his iron armor to him (the armor stands 
for a guarantor) . 
3.454: 
Narrated Al-A"mash: We argued at Ibrahim' s dwelling place 



about mortgaging in Salam. He said, "Aisha said, 'The Prophet 
bought some foodstuff from a Jew on credit and the payment was 
to be made by a definite period, and he mortgaged his iron 
armor to him. " 
3.455: 

Narrated Ibn x Abbas: The Prophet came to Medina and the people 
used to pay in advance the prices of fruits to be delivered 
within two to three years. The Prophet said (to them), "Buy 
fruits by paying their prices in advance on condition that the 
fruits are to be delivered to you according to a fixed 
specified measure within a fixed specified period. " Ibn Najih 
said, "... by specified measure and specified weight. " 
3.456: 

Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid: Abu Bur da and ^Abdullah 
bin Shaddad sent me to ^Abdur Rahman bin Abza and "Abdullah 
bin Abi % Aufa to ask them about the Salaf (Salam) . They said, 
"We used to get war booty while we were with Allah's Apostle 
and when the peasants of Sham came to us we used to pay them 
in advance for wheat, barley, and oil to be delivered within a 
fixed period. " I asked them, "Did the peasants own standing 
crops or not?" They replied, "We never asked them about it. " 
3.457: 

Narrated x Abdullah: The people used to sell camels on the 
basis of Habal-al-Habala . The Prophet forbade such sale. Nafi" 
explained Habal-al-Habala by saying. "The camel is to be 
delivered to the buyer after the she-camel gives birth. " 
3.458: 

Narrated Jabir bin ^Abdullah: Allah's Apostle gave a verdict 
regarding Shuf'a in every undivided joint thing (property) . 
But if the limits are defined (or demarcated) or the ways and 
streets are fixed, then there is no pre-emption . 
3.459: 

Narrated ^Amr bin Ash-Sharid: While I was standing with Sa^d 
bin Abi Waqqas, Al-Miswar bin Makhrama came and put his hand 
on my shoulder. Meanwhile Abu Rafi^ , the freed slave of the 
Prophet came and asked Sa^d to buy from him the (two) 
dwellings which were in his house. Sa^d said, "By Allah I will 
not buy them. " Al-Miswar said, "By Allah, you shall buy them. " 



Sa^d replied, "By Allah, I will not pay more than four 
thousand (Dlrhams) by Installments . " Abu Rafi N said, "I have 
been offered five hundred Dinars (for it) and had I not heard 
the Prophet saying, 'The neighbor has more right than anyone 
else because of his nearness, I would not give them to you for 
four-thousand (Dirhams) while I am offered five-hundred Dinars 
(one Dinar equals ten Dirhams) for them. " So, he sold it to 
Sa^d. 
3.460: 

Narrated Aisha: 

I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have two neighbors and would 
like to know to which of them I should give presents . " He 
replied, "To the one whose door is nearer to you. " 



Bk. 36: Hiring 



3.461: 

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash" ari : The Prophet said, "The honest 

treasurer who gives willingly what he is ordered to give, is 

one of the two charitable persons, (the second being the 

owner) . 

3.462: 

Narrated Abu Musa: I went to the Prophet with two men from 

Ash* ari tribe. I said (to the Prophet) , "I do not know that 

they want employment. " The Prophet said, "No, we do not 

appoint for our jobs anybody who demands it earnestly. " 

3.463: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah did not send 

any prophet but shepherded sheep. " His companions asked him, 

"Did you do the same?" The Prophet replied, "Yes, I used to 

shepherd the sheep of the people of Mecca for some Qirats. " 

3.464: 

Narrated x Aisha : 

The Prophet and Abu Bakr employed a (pagan) man from the tribe 

of Bani Ad-Dail and the tribe of Bani 'Abu bin % Adi as a 

guide. He was an expert guide and he broke the oath contract 



which he had to abide by with the tribe of Al-^Asi bin Wail 
and he was on the religion of Quraish pagans. The Prophet and 
Abu Bakr had confidence in him and gave him their riding 
camels and told him to bring them to the Cave of Thaur after 
three days. So, he brought them their two riding camels after 
three days and both of them (The Prophet and Abu Bakr) set out 
accompanied by 'Amir bin Fuhaira and the Dili guide who guided 
them below Mecca along the road leading to the sea-shore. 
3.465: 
Narrated Aisha: 

(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr hired a 
man from the tribe of Bani-Ad-Dil as an expert guide who was a 
pagan (follower of the religion of the pagans of Quraish) . The 
Prophet and Abu Bakr gave him their two riding camels and took 
a promise from him to bring their riding camels in the morning 
of the third day to the Cave of Thaur. 
3.466: 

Narrated Ya^la bin Umaiya: I fought in Jaish-al-Usra (Ghazwa 
of Tabuk) along with the Prophet and in my opinion that was 
the best of my deeds. Then I had an employee, who quarrel led 
with someone and one of the them bit and cut the other's 
finger and caused his own tooth to fall out . He then went to 
the Prophet (with a complaint) but the Prophet canceled the 
suit and said to the complainant, "Did you expect him to let 
his finger in your mouth so that you might snap and cut it (as 
does a stallion camel)?" Narrated Ibn Jural j from ^Abdullah 
bin Abu Mulaika from his grandfather a similar story: A man 
bit the hand of another man and caused his own tooth to fall 
out, but Abu Bakr judged that he had no right for compensation 

(for the broken tooth) . 

3.467: 

Narrated Ubai bin Ka^b: Allah's Apostle said, "Both of them 

(Moses and Al-Khadir) proceeded on till they reached a wall 
which was about to fall." Sa'd said [?? or Sa'id], "(Al-Khadir 
pointed) with his hands (towards the wall) and then raised his 
hands and the wall became straightened up." Ya* la said, "I 
think Sa* id [?? or Sa^d] said, 'He (Khadir) passed his hand 
over it and it was straightened up. " (Moses said to him) , "if 



you had wanted, you could have taken wages for It. " Sa^id [?? 
or Sa^d] said, "Wages with which to buy food . " 
3.468: 

Narrated Ibn ^Umar: The Prophet said, "Your example and the 
example of the people of the two Scriptures (i.e. Jews and 
Christians) is like the example of a man who employed some 
laborers and asked them, 'Who will work for me from morning 
till midday for one Qirat ? ' The Jews accepted and carried out 
the work. He then asked, Who will work for me from midday up 
to the *Asr prayer for one Qirat?' The Christians accepted and 
fulfilled the work. He then said, 'Who will work for me from 
the *Asr till sunset for two Qirat s? ' You, Muslims have 
accepted the offer. The Jews and the Christians got angry and 
said, 'Why should we work more and get lesser wages?' (Allah) 
said, 'Have I withheld part of your right?' They replied in 
the negative. He said, 'It is My Blessing, I bestow upon 
whomever I wish . ' 
3.469: 

Narrated ^Abdullah bin ^Umar bin Al-Khattab: Allah's Apostle 
said, "Your example and the example of Jews and Christians is 
like the example of a man who employed some laborers to whom 
he said, 'Who will work for me up to midday for one Qirat 
each?' The Jews carried out the work for one Qirat each; and 
then the Christians carried out the work up to the "Asr prayer 
for one Qirat each; and now you Muslims are working from the 
*Asr prayer up to sunset for two Qirats each. The Jews and 
Christians got angry and said, 'We work more and are paid 
less. ' The employer (Allah) asked them, 'Have I usurped some 
of your right?' They replied in the negative. He said, 'That 
is My Blessing, I bestow upon whomever I wish. ' " 
3.470: 

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Allah said, 'I will 
be an opponent to three types of people on the Day of 
Resurrection: -1 . One who makes a covenant in My Name, but 
proves treacherous; -2. One who sells a free person and eats 
his price; and -3. One who employs a laborer and takes full 
work from him but does not pay him for his lab our. ' " 
3.471: 



Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, "The example of Muslims, 
Jews and Christians is like the example of a man who employed 
laborers to work for him from morning till night for specific 
wages. They worked till midday and then said, 'We do not need 
your money which you have fixed for us and let whatever we 
have done be annulled. ' The man said to them, 'Don't quit the 
work, but complete the rest of it and take your full wages. ' 
But they refused and went away. The man employed another batch 
after them and said to them, 'Complete the rest of the day and 
yours will be the wages I had fixed for the first batch. ' So, 
they worked till the time of "Asr prayer. Then they said, "Let 
what we have done be annulled and keep the wages you have 
promised us for yourself. ' The man said to them, 'Complete the 
rest of the work, as only a little of the day remains, ' but 
they refused. Thereafter he employed another batch to work for 
the rest of the day